Census Profile, 2016 Census
King--Vaughan [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic King--Vaughan
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , King--Vaughan [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : King--Vaughan [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 131,995 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 109,235 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 20.8 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 40,349 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 39,067 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 309.6 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 426.39 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 131,995 64,760 67,230 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 28,045 14,285 13,760 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 8,550 4,335 4,210 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 9,870 5,020 4,845 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 9,630 4,920 4,705 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 89,340 43,735 45,605 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 9,310 4,785 4,525 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 8,560 4,405 4,160 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 7,170 3,545 3,625 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,860 3,600 4,260 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 9,665 4,505 5,165 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 10,595 4,980 5,615 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 11,400 5,500 5,900 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 10,800 5,470 5,330 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,245 4,130 4,115 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 5,730 2,815 2,915 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 14,615 6,745 7,865 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 4,670 2,275 2,400 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,275 1,595 1,685 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,765 1,255 1,505 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,985 895 1,090 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,915 725 1,190 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,200 495 705 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 565 195 370 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 135 35 100 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 5 15 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 21.2 22.1 20.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.7 67.5 67.8 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 11.1 10.4 11.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.5 1.1 1.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.0 36.3 37.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 37.7 37.1 38.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 39,065 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 27,740 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,635 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,685 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,140 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 4,355 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 905 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,255 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 39,070 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 4,385 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 8,430 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 7,535 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 11,035 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,680 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 131,125 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 3.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 103,955 50,480 53,475 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 66,320 33,040 33,280 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 62,615 31,200 31,415 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 3,705 1,840 1,865 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 37,635 17,440 20,195 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 27,695 14,635 13,060 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,000 775 1,225 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 3,505 1,265 2,240 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,435 760 3,670 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,765 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 11,325 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 8,690 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 11,930 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,825 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.3 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,765 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 32,405 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 30,555 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,850 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,365 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 3,485 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 875 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 32,405 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 9,075 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 23,330 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 7,145 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 11,480 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 4,710 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,360 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 2,250 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,545 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 565 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,405 3,830 5,575 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 39,065 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 31,825 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,085 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 24,745 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,365 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,875 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 4,385 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 490 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 131,195 64,525 66,675 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 118,355 59,470 58,885 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 75 25 45 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 8,050 3,280 4,770 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 4,720 1,745 2,975 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 131,200 64,525 66,675 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 124,590 61,970 62,620 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 860 360 500 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,100 485 610 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 4,645 1,710 2,935 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,410 600 810 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 0.9 1.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 131,195 64,520 66,675 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 125,850 61,955 63,890 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 64,945 32,785 32,165 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 64,160 32,440 31,720 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 780 340 440 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 60,905 29,175 31,730 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,900 29,175 31,725 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,510 1,790 1,720 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 35 15 15 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 30 20 15 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 3,475 1,775 1,700 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 55 25 30 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,390 690 705 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 655 320 335 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 140 75 65 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 1,050 585 470 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 80 35 45 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 50 25 25 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,215 1,000 1,215 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 295 155 145 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,910 840 1,070 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,700 590 1,110 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 20 10 10 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 75 30 45 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 60 20 35 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,520 515 1,005 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 35 15 20 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 25 5 10 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 2,075 1,010 1,065 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 20 10 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 170 80 90 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 1,815 885 930 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 70 40 30 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 42,010 20,330 21,680 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 335 165 170 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 365 175 195 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 9,060 4,255 4,810 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 85 40 45 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 25 5 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 60 30 30 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 8,980 4,215 4,765 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 30 15 10 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 85 40 45 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 200 100 100 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 40 15 30 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 150 70 85 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 770 355 420 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 6,970 3,295 3,680 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 155 70 85 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 40 20 15 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 30 40 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 415 185 230 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 0 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 5 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 715 330 385 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 15 5 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 30 15 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 115 65 50 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 500 220 280 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 0 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 15 10 5 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 25 20 15 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 635 305 335 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 11,425 5,730 5,700 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 8,195 4,100 4,095 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 210 100 105 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,055 530 525 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 650 310 335 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 15 10 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 45 20 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 5 0 5 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,765 910 855 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 85 45 40 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 70 65 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 4,230 2,095 2,135 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 3,200 1,610 1,590 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 200 110 90 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 70 35 35 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 2,935 1,465 1,470 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 19,465 9,375 10,090 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 13,500 6,505 7,000 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,980 940 1,035 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 890 440 455 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 3,090 1,485 1,605 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 60 20 40 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 30 10 10 1,200 635 565
Georgian 25 15 15 1,200 635 565
Korean 960 470 495 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 350 175 175 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 155 80 75 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 55 25 30 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 5 0 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 25 10 15 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 80 40 40 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 15 10 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,655 3,135 3,525 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 6,650 3,130 3,520 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,345 1,110 1,230 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 60 40 20 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 3,895 1,820 2,075 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 180 75 100 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 30 35 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 45 50 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 0 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 125 55 75 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 105 45 55 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 0 10 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 820 415 405 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 45 25 25 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 740 375 365 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 25 10 15 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 320 150 175 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 10 0 10 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 30 15 20 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 280 135 145 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,350 2,565 2,785 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 245 105 140 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,875 2,360 2,515 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 90 35 55 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 140 65 75 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 131,200 64,520 66,675 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 118,505 58,355 60,150 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 88,600 44,295 44,305 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 88,290 44,160 44,130 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 310 135 175 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 29,905 14,055 15,845 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,900 14,055 15,840 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,595 780 815 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 10 5 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,580 770 805 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 25 15 15 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 575 275 300 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 380 165 215 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 60 30 30 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 485 265 215 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 10 5 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 15 5 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 20 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,335 605 725 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 170 75 95 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,165 535 630 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 575 250 325 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 5 5 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 25 10 15 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 20 5 10 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 515 220 295 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 10 5 5 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 1,275 605 675 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 75 35 45 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,165 550 615 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 30 20 15 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 18,705 8,770 9,935 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 135 60 75 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 160 70 80 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 5,170 2,460 2,705 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 25 15 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 25 10 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 5,145 2,450 2,695 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 10 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 5 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 45 25 25 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 35 20 15 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 5 0 0 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 40 15 25 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 275 125 145 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 4,480 2,150 2,335 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 60 25 30 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 15 10 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 175 75 95 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 85 35 50 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 5 0 5 280 135 150
Dutch 5 5 0 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 70 30 45 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 140 65 75 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 6,755 3,255 3,510 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 4,860 2,345 2,515 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 110 55 55 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 615 285 330 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 310 155 155 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 10 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 0 0 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 890 460 435 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 20 10 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 30 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 2,825 1,340 1,480 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,890 900 995 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 75 35 35 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 25 10 10 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,800 850 945 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 6,255 2,820 3,440 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 3,585 1,535 2,055 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 630 300 330 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 430 215 220 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,605 775 835 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 20 10 15 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 10 5 770 420 355
Georgian 10 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 685 335 350 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 110 45 65 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 65 25 40 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 0 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 20 10 10 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 25 10 15 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 25 10 20 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 0 0 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,885 2,310 2,570 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 4,875 2,305 2,570 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,620 765 860 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 15 10 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 3,040 1,445 1,600 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 35 50 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 25 15 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 35 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 10 5 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 35 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 50 20 30 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 505 260 250 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 770 385 380
Turkish 490 250 240 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 5 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 105 45 55 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 95 45 55 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 12,695 6,170 6,525 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 230 110 115 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 12,210 5,960 6,255 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 30 15 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 225 90 135 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 131,200 64,525 66,675 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 96,275 47,760 48,510 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 12,910 6,350 6,555 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 830 360 470 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 20,610 9,810 10,805 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 0 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 20,615 9,810 10,805 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 75 35 45 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 305 145 155 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 190 55 135 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 103,095 50,220 52,875 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 97,965 47,680 50,280 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,384 45,277 31,414 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 97,990 47,690 50,300 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,816 40,021 28,890 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,745 44,705 45,035 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,894 46,609 31,151 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,095 28,630 38,470 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,859 695 3,022 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 78,175 39,760 38,415 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,060 48,250 33,985 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 103,145 50,265 52,880 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,955 47,615 50,345 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,266 72,340 44,954 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,970 47,615 50,355 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,700 54,844 37,053 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,540 44,565 44,975 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,325 73,995 44,787 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,000 28,525 38,475 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,902 5,138 6,468 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 78,230 39,870 38,360 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,345 69,610 44,597 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 103,140 50,265 52,880 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 39,750 22,650 17,095 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,598 68,547 56,055 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 80,487 91,494 65,904 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.2 95.8 89.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 79.7 82.2 75.9 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.8 4.2 10.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 103,095 50,220 52,875 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 5,130 2,535 2,595 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 97,965 47,685 50,285 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.0 95.1 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,525 6,585 8,940 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 15,360 6,405 8,955 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 11,460 4,960 6,500 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,815 3,925 4,885 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,235 3,625 4,605 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,980 3,250 3,730 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 6,015 3,140 2,880 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,955 2,720 2,235 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 4,230 2,475 1,755 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,845 2,045 1,800 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 12,550 8,550 3,995 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 7,765 5,005 2,765 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 4,780 3,550 1,235 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 103,095 50,220 52,875 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 5,105 2,530 2,575 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 97,990 47,690 50,300 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 95.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,810 6,690 9,115 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 16,075 6,725 9,355 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 12,985 5,650 7,325 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 10,765 4,760 6,000 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 9,985 4,625 5,355 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 8,015 4,180 3,835 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 6,435 3,690 2,750 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 5,505 3,065 2,445 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 12,410 8,295 4,115 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,745 2,165 1,580 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,265 1,490 775 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 6,400 4,645 1,760 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 103,095 50,220 52,875 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 24,915 10,460 14,460 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 78,175 39,760 38,415 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 75.8 79.2 72.7 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,200 3,710 4,495 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,960 2,655 3,305 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 10,245 4,770 5,475 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,725 3,330 4,395 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,875 3,010 3,865 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,550 2,885 3,670 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,770 2,775 2,995 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 5,010 2,685 2,325 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 4,235 2,445 1,790 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 17,610 11,500 6,110 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 3,735 2,235 1,500 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 3,525 1,860 1,665 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 10,355 7,410 2,945 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 39,065 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 112,829 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 95,941 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,385 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,264 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,315 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,680 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,980 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,376 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 39,115 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 145,923 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 114,466 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,445 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,359 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,079 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,670 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 155,476 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 122,203 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 39,065 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 365 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 220 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 335 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 535 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 815 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 785 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 930 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 965 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,030 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 980 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,995 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,065 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,045 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,940 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,980 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 22,085 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,955 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,345 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,070 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 6,720 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 39,065 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 425 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 230 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 345 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 560 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 895 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 870 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 980 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,155 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,215 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,130 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,530 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,550 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,520 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,600 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,540 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,525 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,895 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,430 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,205 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 34,510 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,053 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,558 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.6 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,875 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,053 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,425 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 23,310 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 136,654 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,008 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,545 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,900 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,781 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 34,465 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 154,525 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,340 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,905 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 141,633 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,506 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 23,440 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,158 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,059 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,405 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 83,868 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,501 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,195 2,825 3,370 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,574 43,947 29,840 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,371 38,875 27,738 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 6,265 2,940 3,325 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,844 76,803 46,740 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,033 57,576 37,715 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 131,125 64,500 66,620 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 45,795 21,915 23,880 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 7,520 3,670 3,855 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 8,685 4,020 4,660 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 9,550 4,525 5,025 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 9,280 4,485 4,795 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,755 5,210 5,545 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 85,330 42,585 42,740 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 12,290 6,070 6,220 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 14,090 6,965 7,125 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 16,580 8,205 8,380 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 19,585 9,780 9,810 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 22,780 11,570 11,205 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 131,125 64,505 66,625 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 33,650 17,210 16,440 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 10,425 5,315 5,110 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 83,555 40,730 42,825 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 13,920 6,565 7,355 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,470 5,560 5,910 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,695 1,940 1,755 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,060 570 490 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 6,680 3,180 3,505 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,095 445 650 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.7 8.6 8.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 11.0 11.3 10.7 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.2 10.7 9.6 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.0 7.8 8.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 7.9 6.8 8.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,265 4,020 4,245 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,610 1,380 1,230 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 765 415 350 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 5,060 2,380 2,680 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 595 260 335 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.3 6.2 6.4 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 8.0 7.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 7.3 7.8 6.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 5.8 6.3 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 4.3 4.0 4.6 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 131,245 64,550 66,695 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 126,485 62,750 63,735 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 126,450 62,730 63,720 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 8,190 3,350 4,845 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 77,165 37,035 40,130 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 77,155 37,025 40,125 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,210 3,210 3,000 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 40 15 25 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 40 15 20 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 6,180 3,200 2,985 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 135 60 75 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 2,375 1,190 1,180 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 755 345 415 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 135 60 75 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 2,915 1,610 1,305 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 175 85 90 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 30 15 15 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 15 50 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,860 1,335 1,525 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 390 205 185 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,485 1,130 1,355 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,110 740 1,370 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 25 0 20 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 10 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 70 35 40 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 70 30 40 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,005 700 1,305 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 195 80 110 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 90 35 55 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 100 45 60 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,840 1,375 1,460 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 30 15 15 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 285 120 160 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 2,450 1,195 1,250 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 145 75 70 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 54,760 26,440 28,320 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 370 180 190 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 440 180 255 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 10,410 5,000 5,410 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 95 45 55 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 45 15 30 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 55 30 25 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 10,385 4,990 5,390 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 40 20 25 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 15 10 10 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 125 60 70 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 280 135 150 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 60 30 30 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 305 155 155 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 870 415 455 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 8,320 3,995 4,325 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 260 140 125 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 25 10 10 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 50 55 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 760 340 415 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 15 0 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,175 580 595 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 60 25 30 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 10 10 10 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 180 75 105 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 825 410 415 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 0 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 15 0 10 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 95 55 35 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 955 455 500 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 14,250 7,060 7,185 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 10,335 5,095 5,240 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 290 165 125 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,290 600 690 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,395 1,165 1,225 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 0 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 60 25 35 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 10 0 10 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,130 1,600 1,525 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 95 45 55 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 255 135 120 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 5,845 2,895 2,955 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 4,025 2,025 2,000 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 385 215 170 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 135 80 60 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 3,590 1,790 1,795 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 28,080 13,480 14,595 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 20,170 9,615 10,550 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 2,570 1,270 1,305 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,055 505 550 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 5,115 2,475 2,635 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 140 40 100 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 20 10 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 20 10 15 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,250 610 635 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 625 340 290 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 165 90 75 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 10 10 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 10 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 90 45 45 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 0 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 165 95 75 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 160 85 70 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 105 35 70 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 35 20 20 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 15 55 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,795 3,685 4,115 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 7,780 3,675 4,105 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 3,430 1,555 1,875 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 40 20 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 4,800 2,315 2,485 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 210 75 135 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 40 35 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 55 85 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 0 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 10 10 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 180 70 110 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 150 65 85 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 50 20 35 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,300 690 610 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 95 60 40 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,175 605 570 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 10 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 15 15 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 450 220 230 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 20 15 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 45 25 20 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 385 185 195 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 131,245 64,550 66,695 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 121,445 60,035 61,410 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 32,670 16,695 15,975 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 88,775 43,340 45,435 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,800 4,515 5,285 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 131,245 64,550 66,695 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 75,140 37,735 37,405 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 54,560 26,125 28,435 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 14,645 7,045 7,595 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 7,675 3,940 3,735 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 14,225 6,805 7,425 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 13,510 6,255 7,255 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 7,905 3,710 4,200 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 5,605 2,550 3,060 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,505 2,080 2,420 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,545 690 855 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 54,560 26,125 28,435 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 5,385 2,555 2,825 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 10,135 5,090 5,045 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 13,225 6,035 7,190 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 21,215 10,355 10,860 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 4,600 2,090 2,515 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 54,560 26,125 28,435 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 6,200 2,900 3,300 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 215 90 125 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 385 175 210 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 225 120 105 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,040 470 565 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 20 10 10 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 995 435 555 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 120 55 65 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 195 105 95 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 340 180 165 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 670 300 375 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,990 950 1,030 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 19,675 9,400 10,270 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 40 50 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 140 65 75 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 95 25 65 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 395 150 240 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 305 150 160 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 195 80 110 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 10 25 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 7,945 3,885 4,065 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 130 65 70 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 540 250 295 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,315 655 655 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 775 380 395 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 2,370 1,095 1,275 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 165 70 90 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 1,790 880 920 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,200 545 660 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 2,160 1,050 1,115 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,980 1,020 960 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 325 170 150 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 80 45 35 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 110 50 60 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 60 35 25 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 335 145 190 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 30 10 20 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 295 175 125 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 745 390 355 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 26,565 12,740 13,820 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 725 360 360 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 215 120 90 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,765 1,730 2,035 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 775 360 415 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 2,830 1,395 1,440 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,025 1,015 1,010 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 1,270 600 675 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 35 10 25 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 905 440 460 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 160 80 80 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 3,490 1,715 1,775 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,825 690 1,140 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,705 845 855 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 140 60 80 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 155 60 95 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 2,100 945 1,155 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 4,440 2,305 2,130 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 145 65 75 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,500 2,080 2,420 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 380 210 170 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 40 10 25 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 10 0 0 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 0 0 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 45 40 0 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 20 20 10 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 45 40 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 170 95 80 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 655 290 370 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 10 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 15 0 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 65 25 40 880 400 480
Romania