Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Kitchener Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Kitchener Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 105,258 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 102,433 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,942 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,757 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,538.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 41.47 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 105,260 51,780 53,475 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 15,705 8,055 7,650 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,610 2,885 2,725 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 5,265 2,700 2,565 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,830 2,465 2,360 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 72,000 36,125 35,875 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 5,245 2,635 2,605 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,180 3,600 3,575 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 9,325 4,700 4,625 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,275 4,185 4,090 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 6,965 3,570 3,390 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 6,335 3,240 3,095 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 6,885 3,445 3,440 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 7,965 3,990 3,980 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,440 3,715 3,725 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,395 3,050 3,350 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 17,555 7,600 9,955 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,290 2,540 2,750 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,865 1,670 2,195 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,295 1,450 1,850 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,575 1,055 1,515 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,530 885 1,645 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,720 645 1,075 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 655 215 445 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 140 25 120 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 10 0 5 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 15.6 14.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.4 69.8 67.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.7 14.7 18.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.1 40.0 42.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.0 38.7 41.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 46,755 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,295 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,460 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 17,995 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,845 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 3,680 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,985 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,430 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 46,760 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 16,270 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,060 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 6,570 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 5,055 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,800 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 103,790 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 89,555 43,725 45,830 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 47,350 23,655 23,695 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 37,855 18,920 18,935 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 9,495 4,735 4,760 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 42,205 20,070 22,135 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 26,930 14,855 12,075 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,300 1,435 1,860 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,765 2,755 4,005 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,215 1,025 4,185 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,735 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 15,820 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 6,160 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 4,720 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,035 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,740 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 23,165 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 18,415 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,745 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,575 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,465 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,115 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 23,160 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 12,340 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 10,820 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 4,640 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 4,310 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,870 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,575 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,480 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,520 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 575 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 23,795 11,860 11,935 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 46,760 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 27,460 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,845 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 15,620 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 625 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,670 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 16,270 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,400 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 104,290 51,290 52,995 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 94,980 47,210 47,765 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 55 20 35 1,110 530 580
English and French 7,125 3,200 3,925 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,125 860 1,270 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 104,285 51,290 52,995 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 100,410 49,575 50,835 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,300 615 685 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 480 255 230 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,100 845 1,250 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,540 740 800 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 104,285 51,290 52,995 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 102,285 50,300 51,990 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 78,030 38,675 39,350 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 76,665 38,025 38,640 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,355 650 710 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 24,255 11,620 12,635 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 24,245 11,620 12,625 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,165 1,605 1,560 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 540 265 280 1,355 675 680
Bilen 85 50 40 5 0 0
Oromo 45 25 25 165 95 75
Somali 370 175 200 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,615 1,335 1,280 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 290 145 145 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,680 870 805 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 40 35 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 10 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 25 10 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 505 250 255 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 840 400 440 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 25 40 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 770 370 400 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 340 100 240 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 25 10 20 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 15 5 10 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 25 15 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 70 185 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 50 30 20 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 20 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 220 115 105 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 0 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 75 35 40 1,750 905 845
Tamil 100 50 50 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 40 30 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 195 95 100 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 16,500 7,890 8,615 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 320 170 155 1,090 560 530
Armenian 70 35 35 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 5,120 2,450 2,670 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 55 30 25 645 280 370
Latvian 25 15 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 25 15 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 5,065 2,420 2,640 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 205 100 100 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 30 15 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 725 370 355 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 175 80 95 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 30 15 15 250 120 135
Polish 1,115 510 610 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 355 175 180 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,765 880 880 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 145 60 75 1,145 545 600
Slovak 135 60 75 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 100 40 55 545 250 290
Ukrainian 225 80 145 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 10 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 3,065 1,335 1,725 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 0 0 1,435 730 705
Danish 40 15 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 290 130 165 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 5 0 80 30 50
German 2,695 1,175 1,520 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 0 5 835 410 430
Swedish 10 5 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 370 185 190 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 2,695 1,380 1,315 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,555 800 755 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 235 130 105 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 355 175 180 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 200 110 90 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 5 225 110 110
Marathi 30 10 15 535 280 255
Nepali 100 55 50 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 280 135 145 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 25 10 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 15 10 1,455 730 725
Urdu 290 150 140 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,060 540 520 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 190 105 85 1,650 875 780
Pashto 50 25 25 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 815 410 405 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,850 2,330 2,520 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 330 170 160 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 1,205 595 610 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,375 655 720 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,940 905 1,030 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 85 25 60 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 185 85 100 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 105 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 10 5 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 0 35 15 15
Ganda 10 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 105 45 55
Shona 25 10 15 150 70 85
Swahili 35 15 25 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 10 10 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 15 40 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 70 60 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 190 85 100
Sign languages 25 10 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 10 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,460 695 760 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,220 570 650 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 315 130 185 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 40 15 20 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 685 335 350 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 20 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 60 75 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 235 130 110 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 95 50 45 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 60 30 30 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 40 35 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 235 110 130 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 215 110 115 800 405 400
Thai 20 5 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 185 95 85 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 160 85 75 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 450 215 235 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 20 15 10 455 195 260
Finnish 25 5 10 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 405 190 215 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,000 990 1,010 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 305 150 155 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,620 795 820 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 35 15 15 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 45 25 20 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 104,285 51,290 52,995 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 99,695 49,055 50,635 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 87,190 43,105 44,085 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 86,785 42,915 43,875 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 405 190 215 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 12,505 5,955 6,550 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,505 5,950 6,550 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,335 1,145 1,195 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 380 175 205 695 315 380
Bilen 80 40 45 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 20 80 40 35
Somali 250 115 135 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,950 965 985 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 205 95 110 535 250 290
Arabic 1,300 660 640 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 20 20 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 5 0 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 0 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 365 170 195 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 550 260 290 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 620 290 330
Vietnamese 520 250 265 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 130 50 80 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 40 70 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 35 15 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 15 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 125 65 65 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 35 15 20 885 450 435
Tamil 65 30 30 1,935 965 965
Telugu 25 15 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 95 40 50 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 7,630 3,605 4,020 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 205 110 100 530 255 270
Armenian 45 25 25 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 2,605 1,245 1,360 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 2,605 1,245 1,365 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 95 50 50 540 270 270
Bulgarian 15 10 10 925 425 495
Croatian 340 150 190 1,795 840 955
Czech 60 25 35 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 10 5 0 120 60 60
Polish 445 205 230 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 200 95 105 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,210 600 605 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 65 30 35 435 205 235
Slovak 55 30 30 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 65 20 45 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 435 175 255 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 15 5 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 410 165 245 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 0
Greek 160 75 90 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,785 875 915 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 945 460 485 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 150 75 70 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 225 105 125 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 110 55 55 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 15 5 10 245 125 120
Nepali 70 35 35 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 185 85 100 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 10 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 595 290 305
Urdu 160 80 75 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 785 380 400 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 110 55 50 1,025 515 505
Pashto 45 20 25 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 635 305 325 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,380 1,105 1,275 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 70 35 35 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 545 255 295 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 690 325 365 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,070 495 580 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 40 10 25 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 110 50 55 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 45 15 35 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 5 40 15 20
Swahili 15 0 15 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 25 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 15 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 10 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 975 475 500 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 780 380 400 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 145 70 75 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 25 10 10 670 280 390
Mandarin 485 240 245 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 50 60 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 195 95 100 1,630 820 810
Burmese 90 45 45 685 350 335
Karenic languages 40 20 20 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 110 55 60 1,015 435 580
Lao 105 50 55 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 100 50 50 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 90 50 45 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 130 60 65 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 125 65 65 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 4,590 2,230 2,360 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 155 70 80 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 4,360 2,120 2,240 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 0 0 0 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 75 35 40 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 104,285 51,290 52,995 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 91,010 44,895 46,120 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 5,180 2,535 2,645 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 965 430 535 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 6,910 3,330 3,585 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 20 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 6,890 3,320 3,570 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 35 20 20 965 435 530
English and non-official language 110 55 55 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 75 35 40 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 88,140 43,020 45,120 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,035 41,665 43,375 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,546 38,009 28,050 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,040 41,660 43,380 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,834 34,233 26,122 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,245 37,580 37,665 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,648 38,287 25,731 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,100 28,100 34,000 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,981 2,302 6,517 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,885 32,665 30,220 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,866 39,512 28,872 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 88,160 43,030 45,130 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,180 41,710 43,475 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,904 46,598 35,442 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,190 41,710 43,475 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,962 39,108 30,984 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,400 37,615 37,785 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,835 46,457 33,242 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,060 27,950 34,110 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,748 7,017 8,347 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,925 32,665 30,265 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,693 46,104 34,854 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 88,160 43,030 45,130 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,590 17,910 13,685 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,351 53,667 45,295 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,096 61,623 51,172 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.4 90.3 81.5 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.5 77.4 68.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.6 9.7 18.5 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 88,140 43,015 45,120 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,105 1,355 1,750 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 85,035 41,660 43,370 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.8 96.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,815 4,900 5,920 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 15,550 6,330 9,220 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 13,245 5,450 7,790 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 11,065 5,160 5,910 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 9,620 4,770 4,840 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,000 3,885 3,115 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 5,005 2,925 2,075 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,560 2,145 1,420 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,625 1,660 965 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,070 1,235 840 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 4,485 3,205 1,280 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,285 2,295 990 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,205 910 290 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 88,140 43,020 45,125 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,095 1,355 1,740 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 85,045 41,660 43,380 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.8 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,090 4,990 6,100 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 16,245 6,615 9,630 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 15,410 6,480 8,925 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 13,320 6,435 6,880 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,480 5,635 4,845 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,580 3,725 2,855 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,360 2,750 1,605 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,070 1,870 1,195 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 4,495 3,160 1,330 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,655 1,085 565 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 935 665 270 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,905 1,410 495 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 88,140 43,020 45,120 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 25,250 10,355 14,900 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 62,885 32,665 30,225 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.9 67.0 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,960 3,840 4,125 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,855 2,180 2,680 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,520 3,775 4,745 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,245 3,240 4,005 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 7,475 3,490 3,980 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 7,115 3,705 3,410 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,420 3,160 2,265 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,895 2,335 1,565 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,810 1,790 1,020 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 7,590 5,165 2,430 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,200 1,405 785 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,795 1,070 720 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,600 2,680 920 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 46,760 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,091 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,675 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,270 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,959 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,858 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,485 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,221 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,228 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 46,750 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,531 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,707 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,245 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,078 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,972 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,505 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,810 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,474 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 46,755 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 775 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 685 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,635 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,225 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,465 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,115 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,300 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,360 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,320 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,315 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,150 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,535 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,205 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,845 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,420 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,395 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,475 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,725 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,575 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,625 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 46,755 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 820 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 695 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,655 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,325 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,830 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,405 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,685 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,765 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,805 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,595 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,650 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,995 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,480 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,895 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,265 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,905 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,830 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,960 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,110 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,720 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,224 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,216 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,605 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,319 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,785 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 10,920 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,163 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,545 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,245 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,283 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,550 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,660 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,292 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,726 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,525 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,488 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,895 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 10,955 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,019 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,933 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,190 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,200 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,593 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,330 10,730 10,605 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,478 34,239 29,271 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,917 30,810 27,225 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,360 10,735 10,625 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,278 41,894 36,633 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,793 35,480 32,086 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 103,785 51,030 52,755 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 57,400 27,380 30,025 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 12,255 5,980 6,270 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 11,415 5,005 6,415 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 11,555 5,450 6,110 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 11,420 5,590 5,830 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 10,760 5,360 5,395 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 46,385 23,655 22,730 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 10,990 5,515 5,475 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 10,110 5,095 5,020 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 9,915 5,105 4,805 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 8,795 4,535 4,260 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 6,575 3,405 3,175 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 103,785 51,030 52,755 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 18,645 9,540 9,110 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 6,670 3,450 3,225 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 68,340 34,145 34,200 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,795 7,345 9,450 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,150 7,940 9,210 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,175 2,100 2,075 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,645 825 820 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 10,465 4,965 5,500 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,510 875 1,635 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.6 17.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.4 22.0 22.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 24.7 23.9 25.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.5 16.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 14.9 11.9 17.3 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,310 5,155 5,155 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,355 1,180 1,175 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 940 470 465 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 7,450 3,770 3,685 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 495 210 290 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.9 10.1 9.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.6 12.4 12.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 13.6 14.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.9 2.9 3.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 103,685 50,985 52,705 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 101,565 50,105 51,460 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 101,515 50,090 51,425 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 7,175 3,125 4,055 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 28,430 13,660 14,770 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 45 25 20 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 45 20 25 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 30 20 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,385 13,640 14,750 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,775 1,940 1,845 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 660 310 350 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 150 75 70 15 0 15
Oromo 35 10 25 190 110 80
Somali 380 170 215 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,305 1,715 1,585 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 395 200 200 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,300 1,230 1,080 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 100 50 50 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 90 65 20 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 20 10 10 165 90 80
Tigrigna 665 295 370 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,030 490 540 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 25 45 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 985 485 500 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 405 120 280 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 10 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 20 0 20 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 50 30 25 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 350 95 255 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 125 60 65 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 55 25 30 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 270 130 135 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 10 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 85 40 45 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 125 60 60 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 55 25 30 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 165 85 85 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 19,880 9,490 10,385 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 315 190 125 1,135 580 555
Armenian 125 60 65 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 5,760 2,760 3,005 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 60 30 30 635 310 325
Latvian 40 20 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 25 10 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 5,705 2,730 2,975 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 30 10 15 205 95 110
Bosnian 235 100 140 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 45 20 30 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,015 495 525 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 225 120 100 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 20 10 15 345 180 160
Polish 1,285 585 700 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 560 270 290 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,210 1,115 1,090 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 110 50 60 1,240 595 645
Slovak 160 65 95 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 100 40 65 725 330 400
Ukrainian 255 100 155 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 250 120 125
Celtic languages 0 0 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 4,140 1,785 2,360 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 40 20 20 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 60 30 30 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 430 185 240 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 0 120 55 65
German 3,595 1,545 2,050 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 40 20 25 1,405 730 680
Swedish 40 15 20 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 75 40 30
Greek 450 230 225 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 3,150 1,610 1,545 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 2,075 1,080 1,000 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 215 130 85 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 430 215 215 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 885 480 400 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 20 10 10 375 185 190
Marathi 25 10 15 1,275 650 625
Nepali 170 90 80 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 415 240 180 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 50 25 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 495 250 245 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,130 565 565 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 310 160 150 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 70 45 30 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 800 385 410 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 6,660 3,180 3,480 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 585 290 290 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,400 715 685 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,705 805 900 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,175 1,490 1,685 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 125 60 65 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 180 95 85 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 280 125 155 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 15 0 10 105 60 45
Igbo 0 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 45 15 25 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 0 10 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 0 15 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 100 50 50 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 35 20 15 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 25 50 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 165 70 90 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 160 70 90 250 120 135
Sign languages 180 70 110 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 120 40 85 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,740 885 850 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,435 745 695 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 435 205 225 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 100 45 50 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 835 455 380 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 40 25 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 60 75 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 305 150 155 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 145 70 75 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 45 25 25 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 235 120 120 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 295 150 140 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 280 145 130 1,125 505 620
Thai 25 10 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 285 150 140 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 25 20 10 835 455 385
Turkish 235 125 110 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 495 240 255 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 35 25 15 495 205 295
Finnish 25 10 25 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 430 210 215 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 103,685 50,985 52,705 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 96,770 47,585 49,190 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,415 8,945 8,470 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 79,355 38,640 40,720 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,915 3,395 3,515 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 103,690 50,985 52,705 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 77,990 38,550 39,440 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 24,295 11,645 12,650 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,470 3,445 4,020 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,025 1,555 1,470 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 4,765 2,330 2,440 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 5,440 2,570 2,865 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,475 1,125 1,350 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,965 1,450 1,515 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,595 1,740 1,855 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,405 790 610 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 24,295 11,645 12,650 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,730 1,435 1,295 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 4,760 2,390 2,370 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 5,235 2,270 2,960 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 9,800 4,825 4,975 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,780 725 1,055 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 24,295 11,645 12,650 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,605 1,670 1,935 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 120 50 70 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 330 155 170 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 535 230 300 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 320 145 170 920 415 500
Haiti 10 10 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 390 175 215 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 165 80 90 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 55 35 25 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 105 60 45 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 785 330 450 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 800 400 395 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 11,635 5,485 6,150 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,175 600 575 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 770 365 405 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 65 35 30 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,375 610 775 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 145 55 90 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 235 95 140 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 105 50 50 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 210 110 95 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 340 155 190 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,030 470 560 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 765 370 400 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,275 605 665 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 160 85 75 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 860 395 460 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 235 110 125 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,760 805 955 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,140 570 565 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,325 1,100 1,220 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 175 100 75 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 400 210 190 1,665 835 825
Kenya 60 35 30 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 10 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 40 35 10 1,205 630 575
Somalia 250 100 145 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 90 40 50 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,290 580 715 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 6,700 3,365 3,335 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 255 110 140 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 120 70 55 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 530 255 275 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 125 55 65 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 890 465 430 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 310 170 135 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 515 275 240 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 20 0 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 120 70 45 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 130 80 55 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 395 220 180 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 380 130 250 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 70 40 30 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 575 285 290 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 70 40 25 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 690 350 335 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,505 745 760 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 35 25 10 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,590 1,740 1,855 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 380 175 210 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 15 10 0 960 445 520
Colombia 50 15 40 465 220 240
Cuba 35 15 20 70 35 30
Haiti 10 10 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 15 10 10 160 115 45
Mexico 15 0 15 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 120 55 65 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 10 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 105 65 40 1,855 875 975
Europe 400 205 195 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 10 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 200 110 90
Romania 75