Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener--Conestoga [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener--Conestoga
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Kitchener--Conestoga [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Kitchener--Conestoga [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 100,709 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 93,827 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 33,907 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 33,470 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 112.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 895.74 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 100,710 49,605 51,100 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 21,540 10,975 10,565 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,830 3,445 3,385 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 7,490 3,865 3,630 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 7,215 3,665 3,550 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 65,425 32,265 33,160 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,835 3,500 3,340 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,130 3,185 2,950 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,665 2,740 2,930 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,715 3,230 3,485 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,985 3,360 3,620 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,925 3,430 3,495 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,960 3,425 3,535 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 7,190 3,530 3,655 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 6,465 3,135 3,330 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 5,555 2,740 2,815 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 13,740 6,365 7,380 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 4,600 2,215 2,385 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,435 1,695 1,740 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,320 1,125 1,195 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,650 720 930 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,725 605 1,120 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,105 420 690 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 485 160 325 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 110 25 90 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 20 5 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 21.4 22.1 20.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.0 65.0 64.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 13.6 12.8 14.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.7 1.2 2.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 37.8 37.1 38.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 37.5 36.7 38.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 33,470 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,270 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 135 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 8,020 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,980 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 2,610 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 680 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,725 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 40 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 33,470 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 5,035 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 11,100 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,835 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,840 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,660 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,025 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 79,170 38,635 40,535 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 51,790 25,850 25,940 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 46,555 23,245 23,310 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 5,235 2,605 2,630 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 27,380 12,785 14,595 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 19,250 10,240 9,010 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,660 705 955 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 2,975 1,140 1,840 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,495 705 2,790 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,715 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 12,130 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,035 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,865 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,680 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,715 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 25,435 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 22,825 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,615 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,280 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,565 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 710 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,440 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 10,350 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 15,085 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,950 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 6,575 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 3,565 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,280 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 1,780 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,090 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 405 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 8,440 3,970 4,470 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 33,470 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,880 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,600 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,285 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 895 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,695 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 5,035 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 665 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 99,315 49,175 50,140 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 92,100 46,170 45,930 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 50 15 30 1,810 820 985
English and French 5,335 2,175 3,160 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 1,835 815 1,020 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 99,315 49,175 50,145 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 96,260 47,810 48,450 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 800 355 440 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 440 200 240 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 1,815 810 1,005 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,020 460 560 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 99,320 49,180 50,140 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 97,690 48,370 49,320 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 72,990 36,210 36,780 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 72,195 35,855 36,345 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 795 355 435 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 24,700 12,160 12,540 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 24,685 12,150 12,535 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,365 665 700 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 65 30 30 1,505 765 740
Bilen 10 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 55 30 30 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,300 635 670 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 150 75 80 1,370 670 700
Arabic 995 500 500 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 40 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 10 5 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 60 20 35 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,165 550 615 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 100 45 55 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,065 505 560 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 275 110 165 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 15 5 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 10 5 5 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 20 10 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 205 80 120 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 15 5 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 275 140 135 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 20 10 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 70 35 40 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 140 70 65 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 35 20 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 90 45 45 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 19,170 9,525 9,645 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 155 80 80 1,465 765 705
Armenian 45 25 20 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 3,340 1,640 1,705 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 20 10 5 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 10 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 5 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 3,325 1,625 1,700 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 125 60 60 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 310 160 150 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 100 50 50 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 45 25 20 325 160 165
Polish 1,005 480 530 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 205 90 120 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,145 580 565 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 115 55 60 1,395 670 725
Slovak 85 35 50 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 95 40 50 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 0 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 8,655 4,320 4,330 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 10 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 30 15 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 690 340 350 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 5 295 145 145
German 7,880 3,935 3,950 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 10 10 0 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 160 75 80 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 2,985 1,495 1,490 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 2,315 1,145 1,165 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 125 65 65 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 410 210 200 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 225 110 110 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 5 255 130 125
Marathi 10 5 5 620 325 295
Nepali 15 10 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 970 490 480 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 80 35 45 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 20 1,675 845 830
Urdu 430 200 230 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 665 345 315 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 130 75 50 1,765 945 825
Pashto 55 30 25 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 480 240 240 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 3,820 1,895 1,930 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 200 110 90 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 815 410 400 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 1,465 730 735 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,340 640 695 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 45 15 25 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 5 85 50 40
Korean 255 120 140 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 95 45 50 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 5 85 50 35
Ewe 5 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 5 5 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 155 70 80
Shona 30 10 15 215 100 115
Swahili 10 5 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 15 10 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 10 20 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 240 115 125
Sign languages 10 10 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 0 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,085 530 560 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,055 510 545 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 295 150 155 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 10 5 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 650 315 330 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 25 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 10 5 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 15 10 10 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 315 145 175 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 295 135 160 1,100 550 550
Thai 30 10 20 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 160 80 80 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 155 80 80 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 315 160 160 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 10 10 705 295 410
Finnish 20 15 5 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 280 140 145 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,630 805 820 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 180 80 100 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,380 705 680 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 40 15 25 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 30 10 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 99,320 49,180 50,140 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 95,270 47,175 48,095 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 81,250 40,280 40,970 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 81,025 40,185 40,840 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 225 95 130 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 14,025 6,895 7,130 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,020 6,895 7,130 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 805 380 430 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 45 20 25 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 45 20 25 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 760 355 400 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 90 45 50 600 275 320
Arabic 565 270 290 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 20 30 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 35 15 20 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 740 350 390 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 30 35 800 375 420
Vietnamese 680 325 355 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 95 55 40 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 10 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 45 35 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 120 60 60 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 35 15 20 1,225 615 605
Tamil 70 40 35 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 15 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 10 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 10,930 5,395 5,530 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 65 30 35 695 335 360
Armenian 25 10 15 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,710 850 860 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,705 850 860 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 65 35 25 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 115 65 50 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 25 10 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 20 10 15 150 75 75
Polish 470 235 240 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 130 60 70 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 750 365 385 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 60 30 30 500 235 265
Slovak 20 10 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 20 10 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 5,505 2,740 2,765 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 310 155 150 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 5,135 2,555 2,580 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 15 5 5
Greek 50 25 25 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,815 895 915 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,465 720 740 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 65 35 35 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 250 130 120 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 125 65 65 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 5 0 270 140 130
Nepali 5 5 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 720 370 355 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 45 20 25 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 675 330 340
Urdu 220 95 125 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 350 170 175 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 70 35 30 1,080 540 535
Pashto 10 10 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 265 130 135 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,750 845 905 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 25 10 10 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 250 120 135 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 755 370 385 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 715 340 380 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 15 5 10 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 195 90 100 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 15 5 10 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 20 15 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 725 360 370 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 695 340 355 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 155 80 80 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 490 240 245 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 10 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 15 15 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 5 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 15 10 10 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 150 70 80 1,380 595 785
Lao 140 65 70 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 85 40 45 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 85 40 40 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 90 45 45 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 85 40 45 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 4,050 2,000 2,050 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 90 40 55 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 3,870 1,925 1,945 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 5 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 75 30 40 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 99,320 49,180 50,140 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 86,590 42,980 43,605 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 5,680 2,855 2,830 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 685 280 410 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 6,215 2,995 3,220 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 5 0 0 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 6,210 2,995 3,215 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 15 5 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 75 40 40 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 55 25 35 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,500 38,120 39,380 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,310 36,675 37,630 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,763 49,280 32,088 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,320 36,680 37,640 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,516 42,900 29,181 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,820 35,170 34,650 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,849 48,084 29,010 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,135 21,335 27,800 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,244 1,252 4,372 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 60,430 31,265 29,160 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,466 48,278 30,289 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 77,545 38,130 39,410 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,345 36,680 37,660 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,328 59,406 39,511 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,355 36,685 37,670 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,058 48,430 33,881 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,785 35,145 34,640 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,879 58,416 37,190 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,520 21,605 27,915 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,583 5,844 7,155 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 60,460 31,230 29,235 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,894 56,339 36,806 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 77,545 38,130 39,415 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,805 19,185 13,620 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,731 62,199 47,180 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,280 70,970 52,447 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.1 94.1 86.6 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.1 80.3 72.5 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.9 5.9 13.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 77,505 38,125 39,380 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,195 1,445 1,750 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 74,305 36,680 37,625 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,540 3,685 5,855 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 10,575 3,920 6,650 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 8,960 3,615 5,345 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 8,270 3,585 4,685 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,100 3,805 4,295 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,870 3,755 3,115 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,470 3,195 2,280 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,075 2,570 1,505 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,125 1,990 1,140 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,770 1,665 1,105 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 6,555 4,905 1,655 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,700 3,475 1,230 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,855 1,430 425 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 77,505 38,120 39,380 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,185 1,445 1,740 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 74,320 36,680 37,640 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,790 3,755 6,040 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 11,200 4,155 7,045 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 10,470 4,285 6,185 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 10,320 4,710 5,610 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,620 4,975 4,640 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,310 4,295 3,015 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,065 3,200 1,865 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,905 2,455 1,445 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 6,645 4,860 1,790 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,370 1,625 740 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,430 1,040 390 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,845 2,190 655 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 77,505 38,125 39,380 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 17,075 6,860 10,220 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 60,430 31,265 29,165 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 78.0 82.0 74.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,175 3,195 3,980 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,530 1,885 2,650 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,475 3,100 4,375 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 5,910 2,440 3,465 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,115 2,615 3,500 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,995 2,880 3,110 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,435 3,095 2,340 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,205 2,605 1,605 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,290 2,125 1,165 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 10,300 7,320 2,980 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,685 1,725 955 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,405 1,510 890 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 5,215 4,090 1,130 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,470 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,323 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,656 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,035 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,120 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,748 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 28,440 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,011 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,145 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 33,480 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,535 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 91,187 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,110 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,510 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,080 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 28,370 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,443 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,490 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 33,470 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 225 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 160 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 295 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 485 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 680 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 680 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 780 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 975 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 975 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,025 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,120 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,305 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,385 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,345 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,330 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,705 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,150 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,765 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,005 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,790 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 33,470 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 265 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 165 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 300 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 515 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 750 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 780 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 980 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,100 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,175 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,275 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,785 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,910 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,955 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,960 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,750 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,795 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,135 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,050 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,610 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,045 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,405 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,691 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,405 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,151 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,540 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,120 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,939 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,095 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,955 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,872 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,272 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,015 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,002 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,056 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,390 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,876 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,709 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,115 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,425 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,828 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,950 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,130 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,578 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,630 3,255 3,370 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,353 46,293 37,312 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,524 40,057 33,745 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 6,675 3,195 3,485 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,946 54,233 46,017 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,634 44,004 39,461 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 99,030 49,085 49,940 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 38,950 18,715 20,235 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 4,805 2,330 2,475 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 6,020 2,755 3,265 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 7,895 3,725 4,170 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 9,460 4,610 4,855 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 10,765 5,300 5,465 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 60,080 30,375 29,705 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 11,995 6,010 5,980 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 12,445 6,270 6,180 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 12,670 6,415 6,255 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 12,800 6,495 6,305 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 10,170 5,180 4,985 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 99,030 49,085 49,940 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 25,685 13,080 12,610 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 8,310 4,210 4,105 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 60,910 30,000 30,905 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 12,425 6,010 6,420 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 7,535 3,515 4,015 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,750 1,405 1,340 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 990 510 475 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 3,880 1,745 2,130 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 905 360 545 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.6 7.2 8.0 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.6 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 11.9 12.1 11.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 6.4 5.8 6.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 7.3 6.0 8.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,180 1,570 1,610 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,095 570 525 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 355 175 175 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 1,890 920 970 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 200 80 115 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.2 3.2 3.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 4.3 4.4 4.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 4.3 4.2 4.3 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 3.1 3.1 3.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.3 1.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 99,025 49,065 49,960 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 97,240 48,275 48,965 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 97,190 48,240 48,950 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 5,250 2,130 3,120 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 29,030 14,330 14,700 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 15 0 10 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,020 14,320 14,695 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,650 855 800 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 120 65 60 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 105 55 50 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,570 805 760 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 235 110 125 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,260 660 600 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 15 10 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 65 35 30 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 0 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 15 0 10 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,500 690 805 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 70 70 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,360 625 740 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 360 150 215 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 15 0 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 0 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 90 40 50 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 105 150 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 90 50 35 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 50 30 20 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 440 240 200 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 30 15 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 70 35 40 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 305 165 130 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 65 35 25 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 110 50 60 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 22,415 11,110 11,300 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 255 145 105 1,640 840 795
Armenian 40 20 20 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 3,790 1,875 1,915 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 25 20 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 15 15 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 3,765 1,850 1,915 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 200 95 100 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 560 295 265 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 115 50 65 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 55 20 35 400 220 185
Polish 1,155 545 615 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 335 130 210 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,275 685 600 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 190 90 105 1,525 770 750
Slovak 130 70 65 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 115 45 75 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 420 215 205
Celtic languages 25 15 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 10 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 9,470 4,630 4,840 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 45 25 10 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 40 25 20 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,825 825 1,000 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 10 465 230 240
German 8,660 4,290 4,370 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 10 10 0 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 220 110 110 155 95 60
Greek 245 135 110 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 3,750 1,885 1,870 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 3,040 1,535 1,500 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 175 100 80 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 630 315 315 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,135 550 580 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 10 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 0 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 30 20 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,240 660 580 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 85 40 45 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 55 65 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 630 305 325 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 745 365 380 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 125 65 65 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 65 30 35 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 630 315 325 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 5,330 2,675 2,650 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 385 205 175 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,030 520 515 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,865 930 935 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,175 1,090 1,085 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 380 245 140
Japanese 65 40 25 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 355 160 195 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 10 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 155 85 65 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 20 0 15 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 35 25 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 50 25 25 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 35 20 15 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 15 35 405 210 200
Dinka 10 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 10 35 325 155 165
Sign languages 80 30 50 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 50 10 40 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,295 615 675 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 1,260 605 660 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 440 200 240 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 20 10 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 815 400 410 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 45 50 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 15 20 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 10 10 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 25 15 15 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 295 140 155 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 255 120 130 1,630 735 890
Thai 55 20 30 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 310 150 155 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 10 945 510 435
Turkish 295 145 145 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 15 10 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 435 230 205 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 15 15 10 780 350 425
Finnish 20 15 0 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 405 210 195 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 99,025 49,065 49,955 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 95,330 47,270 48,065 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,095 12,740 12,355 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,240 34,530 35,705 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,695 1,795 1,895 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 99,025 49,065 49,960 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 79,175 39,325 39,855 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 19,185 9,410 9,775 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 5,035 2,570 2,470 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,970 1,410 1,555 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 4,630 2,290 2,350 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 4,965 2,325 2,640 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 2,740 1,250 1,490 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 2,225 1,075 1,155 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,580 820 770 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 665 335 330 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 19,180 9,410 9,775 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,440 1,185 1,245 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 3,925 2,090 1,835 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 4,030 1,765 2,260 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 7,610 3,765 3,845 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 1,180 595 585 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 19,185 9,410 9,775 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 3,170 1,485 1,690 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 40 15 30 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 290 135 155 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 345 145 205 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 455 220 235 1,305 600 710
Haiti 20 15 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 330 185 145 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 500 260 245 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 30 10 15 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 80 35 45 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 610 210 400 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 465 270 200 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 8,330 4,170 4,160 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 675 355 320 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 380 205 170 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 80 30 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 865 440 420 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 90 45 40 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 125 65 65 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 25 25 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 105 65 35 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 340 170 170 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 810 400 410 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 575 275 305 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 1,260 610 645 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 60 40 25 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 445 245 200 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 105 35 70 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,665 805 855 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 710 355 350 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 925 460 465 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 155 90 70 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 190 90 100 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 85 35 50 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 40 25 10 1,740 925 815
Somalia 75 30 40 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 60 35 25 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 325 150 175 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 6,665 3,240 3,425 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 310 150 160 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 105 50 50 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 580 255 325 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 80 60 25 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,560 820 735 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 120 60 60 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 255 130 125 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 15 0 10 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 215 100 115 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 55 25 30 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 420 200 220 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 260 105 150 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 215 95 120 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 250 150 95 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 20 15 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 970 410 560 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,230 595 635 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 90 50 35 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,585 820 765 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 345 190 160 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 60 30 25 580 250 325
Cuba 15 10 10 140 60 80
Haiti 0 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 30 20 10 625 355 265
Mexico 95 60 40 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 65 20 45 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 15 15 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 45 30 15 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 195 90 105 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 40 20 20 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 35 20 15 690 310 380
Russian Federation