Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener South--Hespeler [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener South--Hespeler
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Kitchener South--Hespeler [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Kitchener South--Hespeler [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 105,309 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 97,673 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,635 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 38,664 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,009.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 104.28 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 105,305 51,945 53,360 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 20,335 10,405 9,925 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,595 3,320 3,275 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,020 3,585 3,440 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 6,715 3,505 3,210 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 72,120 35,610 36,510 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 6,575 3,370 3,200 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,195 3,775 3,415 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 7,470 3,665 3,805 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 7,835 3,810 4,025 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 7,570 3,705 3,870 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,695 3,715 3,980 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,510 3,755 3,755 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 7,640 3,755 3,880 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 6,945 3,360 3,590 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 5,700 2,700 3,000 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 12,855 5,930 6,925 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 4,700 2,240 2,460 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,255 1,575 1,680 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,110 1,030 1,075 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,380 610 765 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,410 470 940 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 855 305 550 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 420 130 285 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 125 30 95 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 15 5 10 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.3 20.0 18.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.5 68.6 68.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 12.2 11.4 13.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.3 0.9 1.8 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 37.7 36.9 38.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 37.1 36.3 38.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 38,665 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 19,925 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,970 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,755 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,815 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 6,215 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 840 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,860 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 20 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 38,660 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 8,140 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 12,615 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 6,925 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 6,980 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,010 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 104,120 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 84,975 41,540 43,435 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 50,815 25,370 25,445 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 42,725 21,325 21,400 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 8,090 4,045 4,045 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 34,160 16,170 17,990 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 22,990 12,520 10,475 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,725 1,090 1,630 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,795 1,800 2,995 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 3,650 760 2,890 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,100 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,600 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 6,905 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 6,750 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,840 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,100 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 24,945 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 20,905 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,040 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,150 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,145 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,005 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,950 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,635 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 14,315 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,330 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 6,305 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,680 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,150 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,965 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,580 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 610 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,060 7,130 6,925 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 38,665 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,055 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,810 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,250 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,005 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,610 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 8,135 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,470 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 104,275 51,640 52,635 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 96,435 48,275 48,165 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 40 15 30 1,110 530 580
English and French 6,055 2,635 3,420 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,745 715 1,025 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 104,270 51,640 52,635 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 100,675 50,040 50,635 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,310 605 705 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 590 290 290 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,705 705 1,000 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,600 750 855 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 104,275 51,640 52,635 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 101,970 50,530 51,435 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 76,955 38,265 38,685 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 75,640 37,650 37,990 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,310 620 695 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 25,015 12,265 12,750 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,015 12,260 12,750 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,275 1,130 1,140 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 375 170 205 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 30 10 15 165 95 75
Somali 340 155 185 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,900 960 935 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 235 110 125 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,345 690 655 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 85 50 40 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 440 240 195
Harari 10 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 20 10 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 10 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 165 75 95 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 760 385 375 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 40 35 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 690 345 345 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 620 225 390 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 15 5 10 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 15 5 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 25 5 15 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 40 15 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 500 190 310 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 35 15 15 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 450 240 210 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 20 10 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 220 115 100 1,750 905 845
Tamil 120 65 55 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 85 45 40 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 125 60 60 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 17,480 8,645 8,835 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 380 200 180 1,090 560 530
Armenian 115 55 60 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 4,360 2,095 2,265 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 30 10 15 645 280 370
Latvian 10 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 4,335 2,085 2,245 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 130 65 60 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 35 15 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 555 275 280 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 185 85 100 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 75 35 35 250 120 135
Polish 1,230 570 665 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 305 135 170 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,265 635 635 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 120 55 60 1,145 545 600
Slovak 145 70 75 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 75 40 35 545 250 290
Ukrainian 140 70 70 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,895 895 1,005 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 30 20 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 35 20 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 305 145 165 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 0 80 30 50
German 1,495 695 800 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 0 5 835 410 430
Swedish 10 5 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 260 140 120 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 4,480 2,355 2,120 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 3,240 1,740 1,500 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 120 65 50 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 480 260 225 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 340 195 145 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 30 15 10 535 280 255
Nepali 55 35 25 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,435 770 670 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 40 20 25 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 1,455 730 725
Urdu 685 355 325 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,175 585 590 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 205 100 100 1,650 875 780
Pashto 150 85 65 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 825 400 425 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,985 2,895 3,085 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 325 185 140 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 1,550 730 820 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,495 740 755 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 2,615 1,235 1,375 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 80 30 50 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 380 175 210 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 190 90 105 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 20 15 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 5 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 60 20 35 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 25 15 10 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 30 25 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 190 85 100
Sign languages 35 10 20 620 330 295
American Sign Language 25 5 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,625 795 825 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,525 745 780 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 315 150 165 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 10 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,065 515 550 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 15 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 15 10 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 45 35 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 50 45 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 30 15 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 45 25 20 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 250 115 135 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 230 110 125 800 405 400
Thai 15 0 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 220 100 120 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 185 80 100 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 435 215 220 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 15 10 5 455 195 260
Finnish 20 10 15 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 395 190 205 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,305 1,110 1,195 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 245 110 135 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,940 945 1,000 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 65 35 35 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 55 25 30 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 104,275 51,640 52,630 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 98,800 48,960 49,845 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 86,045 42,685 43,355 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 85,690 42,525 43,160 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 355 160 190 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 12,760 6,270 6,490 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,760 6,265 6,490 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,500 730 770 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 255 115 140 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 20 5 10 80 40 35
Somali 235 110 130 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,250 620 630 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 160 80 85 535 250 290
Arabic 920 460 460 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 20 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 305 160 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 0 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 95 45 50 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 450 225 215 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 425 220 205 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 185 80 110 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 5 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 30 10 15 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 145 60 90 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 20 15 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 305 170 140 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 10 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 155 85 75 885 450 435
Tamil 75 40 30 1,935 965 965
Telugu 60 35 25 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 45 20 25 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 8,305 4,095 4,215 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 220 120 105 530 255 270
Armenian 70 35 35 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 2,075 1,000 1,070 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 2,065 1,000 1,070 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 65 30 35 540 270 270
Bulgarian 20 10 10 925 425 495
Croatian 230 115 115 1,795 840 955
Czech 60 30 25 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 40 20 20 120 60 60
Polish 505 235 275 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 160 75 85 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 785 380 405 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 50 20 30 435 205 235
Slovak 50 20 30 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 45 20 25 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 225 100 120 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 10 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 20 15 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 180 75 105 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 105 50 55 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 2,695 1,365 1,330 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,870 980 890 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 70 35 35 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 270 145 125 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 190 100 90 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 40 20 15 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 895 470 420 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 25 10 15 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 595 290 305
Urdu 365 185 180 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 805 380 425 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 100 45 50 1,025 515 505
Pashto 80 40 45 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 625 290 330 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,920 1,415 1,505 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 35 15 20 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 585 285 305 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 735 360 375 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,560 755 800 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 55 25 25 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 305 135 170 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 50 20 35 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 25 10 15 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 15 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 60 20 40
Sign languages 50 25 30 830 460 370
American Sign Language 30 10 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,095 545 550 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,000 490 505 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 165 85 80 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 5 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 765 370 390 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 30 20 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 50 40 1,630 820 810
Burmese 30 20 15 685 350 335
Karenic languages 55 30 25 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 115 55 60 1,015 435 580
Lao 110 55 55 335 160 175
Thai 10 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 100 45 55 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 85 40 45 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 130 60 75 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 125 60 65 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,475 2,680 2,790 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 135 60 75 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 5,200 2,570 2,630 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 25 10 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 115 45 65 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 104,270 51,640 52,635 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 89,670 44,575 45,095 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 5,905 2,940 2,965 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,035 430 605 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 7,410 3,585 3,820 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 5 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 7,400 3,585 3,825 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 60 25 35 965 435 530
English and non-official language 120 60 60 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 75 25 45 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 83,805 41,195 42,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,205 39,540 40,665 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,923 44,729 30,421 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,215 39,540 40,670 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,208 39,449 28,033 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,730 36,750 35,985 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,211 45,010 28,695 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,305 24,275 31,035 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,326 1,184 4,742 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,445 32,905 30,535 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,039 46,322 31,040 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 83,775 41,180 42,595 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,125 39,500 40,625 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,354 56,533 38,428 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,130 39,500 40,630 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,276 45,626 33,101 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,420 36,600 35,820 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,134 56,978 37,075 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,450 24,535 30,915 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,866 6,019 7,539 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,440 32,875 30,560 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,082 55,834 37,668 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 83,775 41,180 42,590 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,695 18,995 14,700 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,335 60,609 47,048 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,637 73,417 53,290 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.9 93.3 84.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.9 82.6 73.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.1 6.6 15.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 83,800 41,195 42,610 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,595 1,650 1,950 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 80,205 39,540 40,660 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.7 96.0 95.4 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,850 4,575 6,280 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 12,305 4,725 7,580 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,385 4,155 6,225 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 9,550 4,205 5,340 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 8,970 4,305 4,665 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,155 3,850 3,305 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 5,290 3,085 2,210 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,945 2,485 1,460 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,940 1,880 1,065 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,625 1,635 990 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 6,190 4,640 1,550 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 4,270 3,135 1,140 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,920 1,510 410 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 83,800 41,195 42,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,585 1,650 1,935 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 80,215 39,540 40,670 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 96.0 95.5 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,065 4,635 6,425 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 13,000 5,020 7,980 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 12,210 4,960 7,245 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 11,865 5,470 6,400 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,300 5,395 4,900 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 7,095 4,120 2,980 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,875 3,105 1,765 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,660 2,295 1,365 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 6,145 4,535 1,610 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,175 1,535 640 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,200 860 345 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 2,770 2,145 630 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 83,805 41,195 42,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 20,355 8,290 12,075 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 63,440 32,910 30,535 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 75.7 79.9 71.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,180 3,350 3,830 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,670 1,975 2,695 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 7,820 3,315 4,505 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,480 2,665 3,815 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,970 3,025 3,945 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,875 3,360 3,520 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,770 3,260 2,510 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,265 2,570 1,690 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,310 2,145 1,165 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 10,110 7,245 2,865 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,635 1,750 885 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,305 1,465 840 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 5,170 4,030 1,140 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 38,665 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,851 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,795 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 8,140 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,965 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,933 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,525 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,593 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,212 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 38,680 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,096 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,366 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 8,145 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,253 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,928 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,530 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,125 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,154 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 38,665 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 470 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 325 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 720 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 825 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,170 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,120 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,355 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,495 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,510 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,580 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,030 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,965 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,815 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,460 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,450 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,380 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,790 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,325 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,635 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,620 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 38,665 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 505 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 335 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 730 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 865 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,280 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,290 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,680 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,790 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,860 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,895 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,720 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,450 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,195 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,905 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,490 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,665 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,585 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,710 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,365 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,445 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,825 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,291 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,555 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,721 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,029 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,420 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,942 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,696 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,705 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,575 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,117 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,450 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,608 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,402 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,550 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,940 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,917 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,460 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,584 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,507 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,670 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,223 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,756 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,830 6,240 5,590 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,241 39,896 32,811 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,437 35,084 29,932 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 11,815 6,105 5,710 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,958 47,226 38,395 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,061 38,588 33,361 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 104,115 51,590 52,530 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 47,535 22,765 24,770 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 8,610 4,125 4,485 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 8,190 3,715 4,475 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 9,520 4,435 5,080 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 10,125 4,975 5,150 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 11,095 5,515 5,575 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 56,580 28,820 27,760 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 11,220 5,620 5,600 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 11,705 5,965 5,735 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 12,390 6,290 6,105 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 11,765 6,030 5,735 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 9,500 4,915 4,590 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 104,115 51,585 52,530 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 24,210 12,345 11,865 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 7,990 4,045 3,945 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 67,910 33,575 34,330 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 12,000 5,670 6,330 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,990 5,530 6,460 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,905 1,940 1,960 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,410 690 725 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 7,015 3,200 3,820 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,075 395 680 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.5 10.7 12.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 15.7 16.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.6 17.1 18.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.3 9.5 11.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.0 7.0 10.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,125 3,490 3,635 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,035 1,030 1,005 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 720 365 360 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 4,855 2,355 2,500 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 240 105 130 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.8 6.8 6.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.4 8.3 8.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.0 9.0 9.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.1 7.0 7.3 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.0 1.9 2.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 104,210 51,635 52,575 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 102,445 50,925 51,515 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 102,375 50,915 51,465 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 6,175 2,670 3,505 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 29,875 14,545 15,325 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,865 14,545 15,320 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,790 1,420 1,375 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 530 295 240 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 10 0 10 15 0 15
Oromo 35 20 15 190 110 80
Somali 495 275 220 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,280 1,135 1,150 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 325 170 155 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,665 820 845 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 105 60 40 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 80 50 25 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 295 125 170 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 900 420 475 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 40 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 830 395 435 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 795 265 530 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 25 0 25 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 0 15 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 10 0 10 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 45 20 25 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 735 240 490 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 110 50 60 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 565 265 295 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 40 20 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 185 85 100 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 215 95 120 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 135 65 65 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 110 55 55 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 21,505 10,625 10,875 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 345 170 175 1,135 580 555
Armenian 135 70 70 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 5,090 2,510 2,580 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 40 15 25 635 310 325
Latvian 30 10 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 0 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 5,055 2,495 2,555 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 15 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 205 100 105 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 35 15 20 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 925 445 480 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 200 105 100 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 120 50 65 345 180 160
Polish 1,370 610 760 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 390 175 215 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,695 900 790 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 1,240 595 645
Slovak 155 100 55 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 95 45 50 725 330 400
Ukrainian 145 70 70 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 250 120 125
Celtic languages 30 20 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,595 1,215 1,375 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 45 25 25 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 30 10 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 400 175 230 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 15 10 10 120 55 65
German 2,130 1,010 1,120 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 0 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 15 10 0 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 15 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 475 260 220 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 5,805 3,030 2,780 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 4,490 2,385 2,110 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 140 75 70 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 645 325 320 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,690 925 770 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 35 20 15 375 185 190
Marathi 60 35 20 1,275 650 625
Nepali 150 70 80 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,060 1,130 925 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 110 50 60 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 25 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,030 530 500 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,395 690 700 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 290 150 140 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 90 65 25 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,075 515 555 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 7,540 3,630 3,910 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 510 275 240 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,720 845 875 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,690 1,745 1,945 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 125 55 65 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 345 155 190 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 270 130 140 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 35 20 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 15 10 10 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 15 0 15 105 60 45
Igbo 10 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 10 10 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 0 20 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 15 210 95 115
Shona 10 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 100 45 55 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 40 30 15 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 55 50 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 105 55 55 250 120 135
Sign languages 170 60 110 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 115 30 80 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,880 935 945 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,810 890 920 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 380 185 200 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 0 15 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,375 655 720 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 35 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 20 15 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 40 60 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 50 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 45 25 20 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 10 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 165 70 95 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 160 70 95 1,125 505 620
Thai 30 10 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 380 175 200 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 35 20 15 835 455 385
Turkish 315 140 175 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 20 15 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 540 255 290 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 50 25 25 495 205 295
Finnish 15 20 0 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 475 210 260 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 104,210 51,635 52,575 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 96,995 47,985 49,010 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,290 11,960 11,330 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,705 36,025 37,680 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,220 3,650 3,570 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 104,210 51,635 52,575 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 76,815 38,380 38,435 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 25,680 12,290 13,390 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 6,795 3,280 3,515 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,535 1,710 1,825 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 5,325 2,595 2,735 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 6,740 3,100 3,640 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,375 1,565 1,810 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 3,360 1,530 1,830 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,285 1,620 1,670 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,715 960 755 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 25,680 12,290 13,390 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,085 1,495 1,580 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 5,040 2,510 2,530 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 5,885 2,680 3,205 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 9,805 4,810 5,000 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,865 795 1,070 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 25,680 12,295 13,385 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 4,460 2,000 2,460 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 80 30 50 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 665 300 365 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 475 240 235 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 600 280 320 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 545 235 310 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 215 85 135 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 40 20 20 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 155 60 95 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 745 325 425 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 935 425 510 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 10,815 5,230 5,590 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 830 430 395 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 520 265 255 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 55 20 35 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 870 420 450 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 115 50 65 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 170 95 75 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 20 40 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 190 120 65 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 360 180 180 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 995 435 570 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 985 470 515 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,400 660 740 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 125 50 70 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 630 325 305 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 60 30 35 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,395 1,125 1,270 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,060 545 515 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,710 870 845 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 245 110 135 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 235 110 120 1,665 835 825
Kenya 120 60 55 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 65 40 25 1,205 630 575
Somalia 300 150 150 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 85 40 45 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 650 340 315 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 8,645 4,185 4,460 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 465 210 255 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 145 80 65 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 960 450 515 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 35 30 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,040 1,010 1,025 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 285 155 130 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 505 275 240 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 10 10 10 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 185 105 85 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 120 60 65 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 690 355 335 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 735 285 450 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 135 55 85 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 320 155 165 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 40 10 25 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 635 300 340 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,300 650 650 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 50 20 35 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,290 1,615 1,670 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 470 225 245 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 10 0 960 445 520
Colombia 100 40 60 465 220 240
Cuba 35 15 15 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 55 50 10 160 115 45
Mexico 40 10 30 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 40 65 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 115 55 55 1,855 875 975
Europe 450 220 235 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 30 25 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 200 110 90
Romania