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Census Profile, 2016 Census
London North Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London North Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , London North Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : London North Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 125,362  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 118,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 66,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 57,767  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,137.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 58.66  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 125,365 60,885 64,480 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 17,295 8,765 8,530 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,760 2,930 2,835 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,920 2,985 2,935 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,615 2,850 2,760 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 86,675 43,185 43,485 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,955 3,485 3,465 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 12,850 6,365 6,480 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 11,895 6,120 5,770 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 8,695 4,510 4,180 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 7,300 3,635 3,665 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,090 3,510 3,575 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 7,570 3,785 3,790 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,815 4,385 4,425 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,425 4,085 4,340 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 7,080 3,295 3,790 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 21,390 8,930 12,460 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 6,140 2,850 3,290 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,685 2,115 2,565 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,685 1,565 2,120 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,090 1,240 1,855 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,795 1,160 2,635 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,235 775 1,455 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,230 305 920 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 300 70 230 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 35 5 30 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.8 14.4 13.2 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 69.1 70.9 67.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 17.1 14.7 19.3 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.0 1.9 4.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.7 39.3 42.1 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.3 36.5 40.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 57,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 23,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 19,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 4,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 57,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 22,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 19,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 122,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 108,065 52,120 55,950 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 52,830 26,380 26,450 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 42,540 21,205 21,335 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 10,290 5,175 5,110 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 55,240 25,735 29,500 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 37,870 20,155 17,720 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,535 1,540 1,995 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 7,330 2,865 4,470 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 6,495 1,175 5,315 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 17,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 25,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 20,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 13,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 12,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 35,055 16,990 18,060 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 57,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 30,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 27,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 22,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 123,385 60,085 63,300 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 111,060 54,730 56,330 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 60 30 35 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 9,990 4,325 5,665 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,275 1,000 1,275 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 123,390 60,085 63,300 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 118,855 58,035 60,825 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,580 720 860 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 720 350 370 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,230 980 1,255 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,940 895 1,040 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.5 1.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 123,385 60,085 63,300 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 120,895 58,830 62,070 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 92,390 45,040 47,345 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 90,815 44,325 46,485 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,575 715 860 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 28,505 13,785 14,720 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 50 20 35 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 5 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 10 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 20 10 10 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 15 0 10 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 10 0 10 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,455 13,765 14,690 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,375 1,780 1,595 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 45 25 15 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 40 25 15 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 3,310 1,740 1,570 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 90 50 40 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 2,605 1,375 1,230 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 380 185 195 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 95 60 35 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 45 30 20 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 65 35 30 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,015 450 560 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 230 100 130 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 785 350 435 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 770 305 460 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 30 10 20 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 75 35 40 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 45 25 20 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 590 230 360 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 15 5 10 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 905 490 420 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 35 20 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 605 315 290 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 155 80 75 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 105 65 40 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 14,510 6,970 7,540 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 360 190 170 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 30 15 10 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,465 1,595 1,865 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 65 30 30 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 25 15 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 35 15 20 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,400 1,570 1,835 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 165 75 80 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 25 15 10 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 220 100 120 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 130 65 70 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 25 10 15 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 1,440 650 790 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 590 270 315 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 270 130 135 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 100 45 55 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 90 50 45 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 75 25 45 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 265 125 135 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 10 0 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,785 745 1,040 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 30 15 20 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 65 30 35 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 685 285 400 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 10 5 5 1,240 630 620
German 895 360 535 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 10 940 405 540
Swedish 25 10 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 20 10 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 760 375 380 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 3,855 2,015 1,840 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,800 1,480 1,320 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 270 135 130 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 290 170 120 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 420 225 190 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 15 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 55 30 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 675 330 340 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 470 265 210 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 20 15 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 35 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 515 270 245 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,040 525 510 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 230 125 100 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 45 25 20 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 765 375 395 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 4,250 2,025 2,225 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 840 385 455 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 925 430 495 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 280 130 155 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,185 1,075 1,115 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 115 45 70 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,495 715 775 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 295 155 140 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 0 5 600 275 325
Ganda 10 5 5 760 360 400
Igbo 25 10 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 5 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 1,330 545 785
Shona 20 10 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 70 35 35 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 25 20 10 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 25 1,610 810 800
Dinka 25 15 10 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 55 30 25 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 35 20 15 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,200 2,475 2,725 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 5,090 2,425 2,660 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 780 380 400 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10 5 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 3,925 1,865 2,060 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 20 40 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 260 135 130 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 110 55 60 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 15 10 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 80 35 45 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 80 30 50 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 50 20 25 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 35 5 25 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 165 100 70 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 120 75 50 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 10 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 385 170 205 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 15 5 10 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 40 20 25 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 330 150 180 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 2,490 1,255 1,240 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 355 165 180 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 1,975 1,005 975 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 90 45 50 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 75 45 35 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 123,385 60,085 63,300 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 118,040 57,475 60,565 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 103,250 50,300 52,950 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 102,715 50,055 52,660 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 540 240 295 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 14,795 7,175 7,615 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 10 5 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 5 5 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,785 7,170 7,610 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,980 1,000 980 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 15 10 10 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 15 5 10 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,955 990 965 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 50 25 20 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,555 785 765 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 125 135 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 35 20 10 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 35 20 10 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 625 275 350 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 500 225 275 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 305 130 175 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 5 5 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 20 10 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 20 10 10 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 250 110 145 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 0 5 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 505 280 225 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 15 10 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 370 195 175 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 70 45 30 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 45 25 15 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 6,265 3,060 3,205 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 180 95 85 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 5 0 0 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,350 645 705 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 5 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 5 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,345 645 700 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 65 30 30 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 15 10 5 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 65 30 40 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 35 15 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 5 5 5 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 600 275 325 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 315 155 155 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 120 65 55 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 40 15 25 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 15 5 10 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 55 30 20 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 165 85 80 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 15 5 10 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 45 25 20 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 90 45 45 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 5 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 300 145 155 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,370 1,195 1,180 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,715 875 845 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 150 80 75 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 150 85 65 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 215 110 105 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 5 0 540 260 280
Marathi 25 15 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 630 305 325 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 230 125 105 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 270 130 140 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 645 315 330 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 150 75 75 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 30 15 15 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 470 230 245 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,895 890 1,005 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 5 5 135 60 75
Italian 190 85 105 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 335 150 190 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 90 45 40 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,270 610 660 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 45 20 20 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 1,115 525 595 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 80 35 40 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 10 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 5 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 35 15 20 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 5 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 550 260 290
Dinka 10 5 5 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 50 30 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 35 15 15 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,605 1,710 1,895 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 3,530 1,675 1,860 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 435 210 225 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 2,860 1,345 1,515 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 15 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 170 85 80 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 35 40 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 10 10 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 60 25 35 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 20 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 20 10 10 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 15 0 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 80 45 35 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 60 30 30 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 80 35 45 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 0 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 80 35 45 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 5,345 2,610 2,735 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 230 110 120 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 4,965 2,425 2,540 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 25 10 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 120 60 65 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 123,385 60,085 63,305 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 106,080 51,645 54,435 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 6,660 3,285 3,380 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,345 575 770 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 8,960 4,410 4,545 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 60 20 35 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 8,900 4,390 4,510 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 55 25 25 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 120 70 50 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 165 75 95 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 105,490 51,110 54,380 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 101,215 49,080 52,135 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,211 33,228 27,798 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 101,230 49,080 52,155 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,863 30,388 25,960 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,555 42,805 44,750 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,503 34,931 26,598 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,710 35,785 41,920 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,432 1,438 5,211 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,965 36,340 34,625 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,649 32,060 27,251 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 105,575 51,045 54,525 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 101,330 48,990 52,335 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,271 51,957 39,013 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 101,350 48,990 52,355 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,560 42,112 33,300 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,800 42,760 45,045 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,055 54,298 38,229 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 78,175 35,975 42,190 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,953 6,214 7,583 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,015 36,160 34,855 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,363 49,472 37,025 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 105,575 51,040 54,530 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,795 17,345 14,455 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,532 54,373 47,753 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,321 70,308 57,137 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.1 91.3 84.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.1 71.9 63.5 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.9 8.7 15.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 105,490 51,110 54,380 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 4,275 2,030 2,245 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 101,215 49,080 52,135 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.0 95.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,250 8,445 8,805 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 18,945 8,280 10,665 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 14,165 6,145 8,020 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 11,040 4,985 6,060 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,600 4,515 5,090 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,055 3,495 3,560 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,360 2,825 2,540 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,890 2,070 1,820 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,055 1,680 1,375 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,790 1,435 1,355 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 8,050 5,200 2,850 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 5,030 3,105 1,920 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 3,025 2,100 925 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 105,495 51,110 54,385 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 4,260 2,030 2,225 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 101,230 49,080 52,150 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.0 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,605 8,520 9,080 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 19,750 8,645 11,100 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 16,235 7,125 9,110 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 13,155 6,075 7,080 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,345 5,005 5,340 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,040 3,645 3,395 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 4,915 2,700 2,220 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,935 2,095 1,840 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 8,255 5,270 2,985 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,390 1,360 1,025 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,575 1,000 575 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,285 2,915 1,375 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 105,490 51,110 54,380 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 34,530 14,770 19,755 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 70,965 36,340 34,625 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 67.3 71.1 63.7 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,640 5,325 5,315 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 6,525 3,075 3,440 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 10,380 4,915 5,470 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 8,200 4,050 4,150 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 7,190 3,455 3,740 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,430 3,170 3,255 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,795 2,445 2,355 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,670 1,955 1,715 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,745 1,510 1,230 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 10,385 6,435 3,950 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,310 1,260 1,050 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,270 1,175 1,100 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 5,795 4,000 1,800 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 57,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 53,712  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 48,497  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 22,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 35,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,541  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 57,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,398  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 22,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,606  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,644  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 35,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,326  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,616  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 57,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 13,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 3,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 57,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 10,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 4,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,259  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,303  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,638  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,224  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,128  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,111  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 32,555 15,875 16,680 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,673 23,267 25,841 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,456 22,155 24,497 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 32,495 15,985 16,510 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,812 38,249 35,422 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,391 32,002 30,800 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 122,720 59,835 62,875 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 69,485 33,485 35,995 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 22,705 11,395 11,310 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 14,160 6,470 7,690 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 11,620 5,525 6,095 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 10,725 5,135 5,595 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,270 4,955 5,315 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 53,235 26,350 26,880 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 9,575 4,625 4,950 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 9,620 4,700 4,925 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 10,075 5,005 5,075 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 11,010 5,460 5,550 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 12,945 6,565 6,385 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 122,720 59,840 62,880 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 20,775 10,560 10,220 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 6,845 3,485 3,365 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 82,285 40,805 41,485 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 19,650 8,475 11,175 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 28,670 13,830 14,845 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 5,680 2,885 2,795 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 2,140 1,070 1,070 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 20,320 9,965 10,350 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,675 975 1,700 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 23.4 23.1 23.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 27.3 27.3 27.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 31.3 30.7 31.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 24.7 24.4 24.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 13.6 11.5 15.2 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 19,910 10,160 9,755 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 3,280 1,710 1,575 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,260 650 610 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 16,070 8,210 7,865 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 555 245 315 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 16.2 17.0 15.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 15.8 16.2 15.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.4 18.7 18.1 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 19.5 20.1 19.0 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.8 2.9 2.8 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 122,615 59,675 62,940 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 120,340 58,715 61,630 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 120,255 58,660 61,595 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 9,970 4,305 5,660 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 35,100 17,125 17,975 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 70 20 45 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 45 15 30 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 15 25 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 40 15 25 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 10 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 15 0 10 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 35,030 17,105 17,925 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,250 2,230 2,020 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 10 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 60 25 35 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 65 25 40 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 4,165 2,195 1,970 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 185 95 90 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 3,410 1,805 1,605 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 475 220 255 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 215 120 95 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 60 35 25 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 125 65 65 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,220 550 670 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 310 130 175 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 910 420 490 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,080 400 680 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 15 755 340 425
Cebuano 45 15 30 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 10 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 60 30 35 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 65 35 35 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 955 340 615 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 50 30 25 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 10 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,135 555 575 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 85 40 40 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 730 335 395 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 300 170 140 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 110 60 45 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 19,430 9,460 9,970 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 420 225 195 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 30 10 20 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 4,050 1,950 2,105 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 85 35 55 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 45 15 25 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 40 15 20 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,975 1,920 2,055 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 0 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 250 150 105 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 55 30 30 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 360 185 180 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 180 90 85 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 40 25 20 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 1,795 880 915 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 890 425 465 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 380 175 210 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 120 50 75 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 75 45 35 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 25 50 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 270 110 165 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 55 35 25 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 15 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,605 1,230 1,375 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 75 35 40 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 100 55 50 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 745 290 455 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 15 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,585 805 780 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 35 10 20 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 90 40 45 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 25 15 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 25 20 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,045 555 485 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 5,005 2,550 2,455 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 3,910 2,030 1,885 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 255 130 130 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 395 270 125 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,685 885 800 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 10 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 55 15 35 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 795 390 410 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 815 465 350 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 25 15 15 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 20 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 960 480 480 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,120 535 585 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 285 140 145 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 100 45 50 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 795 375 425 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 6,805 3,235 3,570 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 1,485 725 760 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,305 680 625 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 360 165 195 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,950 1,800 2,150 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 395 205 190 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,575 770 805 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 440 265 180 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 15 15 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 35 20 20 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 20 20 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 25 10 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 0 15 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 20 10 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 135 70 65 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 80 55 25 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 60 35 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 10 10 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 85 55 30 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 290 95 200 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 180 50 125 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 130 55 75 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,505 2,725 2,785 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 5,375 2,660 2,715 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 940 450 490 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 0 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 4,400 2,195 2,200 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 10 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 30 55 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 40 45 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 270 140 130 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 135 65 75 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 20 10 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 75 35 45 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 10 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 95 35 60 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 60 25 35 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 45 20 25 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 305 185 120 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 35 20 20 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 220 140 80 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 30 20 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 0 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 485 245 240 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 15 10 0 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 35 20 15 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 435 210 220 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 122,615 59,675 62,945 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 110,395 53,530 56,865 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,710 9,465 9,240 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 91,685 44,065 47,620 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 12,220 6,145 6,080 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 122,615 59,675 62,940 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 89,270 43,445 45,825 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 28,375 13,605 14,770 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 8,530 3,950 4,580 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 3,160 1,585 1,570 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 4,555 2,205 2,345 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 7,050 3,400 3,650 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 3,085 1,490 1,595 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 3,965 1,910 2,055 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,080 2,460 2,625 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,970 2,625 2,345 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 28,375 13,605 14,770 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,530 1,780 1,750 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 5,765 2,950 2,815 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 5,865 2,680 3,185 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 11,080 5,220 5,865 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,135 980 1,155 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 28,375 13,605 14,770 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 4,235 1,960 2,270 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 155 95 60 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 905 410 500 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 235 125 110 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 130 65 65 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 40 20 20 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 305 150 145 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 205 75 125 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 45 20 25 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 175 80 95 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,310 555 750 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 740 365 370 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 9,970 4,685 5,285 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 325 170 160 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 215 105 110 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 75 35 40 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 755 385 365 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 485 225 260 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 310 155 155 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 170 95 70 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 625 315 310 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 595 240 350 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,140 520 615 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 535 280 260 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 325 155 170 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 205 85 120 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 105 40 65 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 190 60 125 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,760 1,245 1,520 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,165 565 595 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,830 965 860 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 15 10 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 470 245 225 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 110 50 65 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 135 65 75 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 0 0 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 110 65 45 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 40 15 20 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 175 105 70 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 765 405 360 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 12,220 5,905 6,315 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 125 70 55 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 150 80 65 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,295 1,110 1,195 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 240 115 120