Census Profile, 2016 Census
London West [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London West
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , London West [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : London West [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 126,110 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 119,090 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 54,144 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 52,427 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,635.0 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 77.13 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 126,110 59,845 66,265 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 21,405 10,905 10,500 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,870 3,515 3,350 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,375 3,765 3,610 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 7,160 3,625 3,540 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 82,295 39,100 43,195 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 7,425 3,760 3,665 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,370 4,200 4,170 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 7,905 3,795 4,110 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,350 3,870 4,480 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,000 3,805 4,195 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,835 3,725 4,110 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 8,290 3,965 4,325 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 9,235 4,280 4,950 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,750 4,030 4,725 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 8,140 3,670 4,470 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 22,410 9,845 12,565 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 7,520 3,460 4,065 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 5,355 2,435 2,920 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,830 1,745 2,090 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,815 1,190 1,625 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,880 1,010 1,875 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,790 695 1,095 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 870 275 590 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 195 40 160 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 30 0 25 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.0 18.2 15.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.3 65.3 65.2 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.8 16.5 19.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.8 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.0 39.8 42.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.0 39.4 42.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 52,425 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 28,225 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,095 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,975 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,225 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 7,740 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 855 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,135 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 140 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 52,425 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 15,520 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 18,070 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,750 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 7,285 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,800 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 124,675 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 104,710 48,945 55,765 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 60,190 29,985 30,205 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 51,625 25,715 25,915 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 8,560 4,270 4,290 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 44,520 18,955 25,560 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 28,475 14,310 14,165 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,375 1,300 2,075 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,975 2,240 4,735 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,685 1,100 4,585 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 35,565 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,915 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 7,450 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 7,070 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,130 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 35,565 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 29,580 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 25,300 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,280 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,980 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,835 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,145 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 29,580 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 14,240 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 15,340 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,720 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 6,620 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,000 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,980 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,670 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,730 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 580 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,495 8,765 12,730 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 52,425 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 34,480 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,825 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,655 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 540 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,410 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 15,520 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,895 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 125,130 59,535 65,595 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 113,220 54,545 58,675 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 70 30 40 1,110 530 580
English and French 10,290 4,335 5,955 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,555 620 935 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 125,125 59,535 65,595 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 121,315 57,920 63,400 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,590 705 885 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 705 310 390 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,515 600 915 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,940 860 1,080 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 125,130 59,535 65,595 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 122,710 58,350 64,360 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 98,815 47,110 51,705 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 97,255 46,425 50,825 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,560 690 875 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 23,900 11,235 12,660 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 35 10 25 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 20 5 15 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 15 5 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,865 11,230 12,630 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,290 2,145 2,150 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 105 40 65 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 10 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 95 35 55 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 4,180 2,095 2,085 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 85 40 45 1,140 560 585
Arabic 3,835 1,920 1,915 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 85 50 30 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 35 10 20 1,770 960 805
Maltese 60 30 30 80 40 40
Tigrigna 55 30 25 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 185 85 105 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 20 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 160 70 85 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 345 125 215 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 30 15 15 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 30 5 20 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 30 15 15 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 245 90 160 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 25 10 20 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 295 145 155 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 10 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 140 70 75 1,750 905 845
Tamil 125 60 60 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 20 15 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 14,275 6,720 7,555 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 245 120 125 1,090 560 530
Armenian 25 15 15 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 3,605 1,670 1,940 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 85 30 50 645 280 370
Latvian 30 15 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 50 20 35 325 130 200
Slavic languages 3,530 1,635 1,895 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 235 115 115 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 45 20 25 1,725 805 915
Croatian 250 125 125 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 130 60 70 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 35 20 15 250 120 135
Polish 1,405 620 780 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 435 200 240 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 340 170 165 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 165 85 80 1,145 545 600
Slovak 135 55 80 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 75 35 40 545 250 290
Ukrainian 255 115 135 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 0 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,885 820 1,065 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 10 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 70 30 40 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 710 310 400 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 15 5 5 80 30 50
German 975 415 560 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 5 0 835 410 430
Swedish 30 20 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 20 35 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 590 290 300 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 2,710 1,365 1,345 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,590 790 800 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 145 70 70 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 285 130 150 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 215 115 100 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 5 225 110 110
Marathi 15 5 10 535 280 255
Nepali 30 10 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 240 130 110 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 15 5 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 25 1,455 730 725
Urdu 595 295 300 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,110 565 540 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 250 130 120 1,650 875 780
Pashto 95 45 50 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 760 385 375 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,195 2,445 2,750 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 875 460 420 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 865 400 465 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 330 150 175 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 3,110 1,435 1,685 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 85 35 50 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 920 415 500 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 165 75 90 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 30 10 20 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 20 5 15 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 265 135 135
Dinka 10 5 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 190 85 100
Sign languages 40 25 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 25 15 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,505 1,115 1,395 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 2,495 1,105 1,390 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 655 285 370 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 10 10 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,640 720 915 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 25 25 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 10 25 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 55 45 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 10 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 5 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 0 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 5 5 5 800 405 400
Thai 20 5 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 170 90 80 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 495 275 225
Turkish 125 65 60 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 505 230 275 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 25 10 10 455 195 260
Finnish 40 10 25 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 440 205 235 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,420 1,185 1,235 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 360 150 205 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,910 970 940 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 60 30 30 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 90 35 50 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 125,130 59,535 65,590 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 120,000 57,090 62,910 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 108,590 51,725 56,860 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 108,060 51,490 56,570 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 530 240 290 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 11,415 5,370 6,050 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,410 5,365 6,045 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,290 1,115 1,175 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 50 20 25 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 45 20 30 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 2,240 1,095 1,150 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 35 15 20 535 250 290
Arabic 2,135 1,040 1,095 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 20 10 10 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 15 10 10 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 35 35 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 65 35 30 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 105 45 55 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 10 0 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 5 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 30 45 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 125 60 75 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 5 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 70 30 40 885 450 435
Tamil 50 20 25 1,935 965 965
Telugu 5 5 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 6,055 2,850 3,205 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 95 45 50 530 255 270
Armenian 10 5 5 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,510 740 775 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 10 10 160 75 90
Latvian 0 5 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 15 5 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,495 735 765 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 115 60 55 540 270 270
Bulgarian 25 15 15 925 425 495
Croatian 95 50 45 1,795 840 955
Czech 40 20 20 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 15 5 10 120 60 60
Polish 595 275 320 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 240 120 120 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 185 95 85 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 70 35 35 435 205 235
Slovak 50 25 25 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 65 30 30 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 130 55 70 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 0 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 30 10 15 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 5 5 5 0
German 85 35 50 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 255 115 140 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,510 745 765 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 830 405 430 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 80 40 40 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 150 70 80 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 85 45 40 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 10 5 10 245 125 120
Nepali 25 10 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120 60 55 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 0 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 15 595 290 305
Urdu 340 160 180 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 680 340 340 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 145 75 70 1,025 515 505
Pashto 50 25 20 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 485 245 245 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,540 1,145 1,395 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 165 70 90 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 270 130 140 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 145 75 75 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,955 870 1,085 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 30 20 15 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 695 320 380 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 40 15 25 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 10 0 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Dinka 5 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 50 30 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 20 15 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 10 15 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,695 765 925 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,690 760 925 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 360 155 205 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,205 540 665 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 5 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 50 40 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 85 40 50 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 65 25 35 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 160 80 75 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 5 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 155 75 80 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,125 2,445 2,685 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 205 80 120 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 4,765 2,300 2,465 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 35 15 25 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 130 55 75 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 125,130 59,535 65,590 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 110,420 52,665 57,755 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 5,295 2,550 2,750 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,540 620 920 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 7,595 3,570 4,025 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 65 25 40 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 7,535 3,545 3,990 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 70 35 40 965 435 530
English and non-official language 70 35 35 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 140 70 75 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 103,310 48,490 54,820 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,000 46,375 52,625 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,632 42,641 32,195 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,020 46,375 52,645 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,065 37,884 29,325 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,325 42,545 46,780 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,216 41,795 30,035 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,050 31,150 40,900 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,238 2,924 6,242 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,400 35,940 36,460 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,027 39,411 31,781 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 103,435 48,600 54,830 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,160 46,510 52,650 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,816 55,188 41,304 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,185 46,515 52,670 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,693 44,917 35,080 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,680 42,790 46,890 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,802 54,861 39,448 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,370 31,435 40,930 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,523 6,982 7,939 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,510 35,850 36,665 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,644 51,784 39,641 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 103,435 48,600 54,835 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 34,920 18,315 16,605 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,933 60,682 52,832 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,828 72,122 58,886 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.6 91.8 84.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.7 72.7 66.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.4 8.3 15.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 103,310 48,490 54,815 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,305 2,115 2,190 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 99,000 46,375 52,625 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.6 96.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,870 6,145 7,720 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 15,790 6,255 9,535 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 12,860 5,165 7,695 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 10,385 4,455 5,930 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 10,015 4,435 5,580 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 8,050 3,900 4,155 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,730 3,470 3,260 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,090 2,720 2,365 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,830 2,080 1,750 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,790 1,935 1,855 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 8,585 5,805 2,780 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 5,870 3,800 2,070 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,720 2,005 715 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 103,310 48,495 54,815 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,285 2,115 2,170 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 99,020 46,380 52,645 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.6 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,365 6,255 8,110 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 16,525 6,575 9,955 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 14,795 6,065 8,730 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 12,665 5,520 7,145 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 11,650 5,400 6,250 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 8,780 4,560 4,225 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 6,250 3,375 2,870 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 5,265 2,780 2,485 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 8,735 5,845 2,885 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,980 1,800 1,180 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,800 1,205 600 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 3,955 2,845 1,110 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 103,305 48,490 54,820 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 30,905 12,550 18,355 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 72,405 35,940 36,465 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.1 74.1 66.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,620 5,290 5,335 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,780 2,605 3,175 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 9,150 4,105 5,050 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,265 3,280 3,990 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,655 2,860 3,790 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,685 2,950 3,735 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,455 2,690 2,760 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,610 2,380 2,230 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,610 1,945 1,665 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 12,575 7,830 4,745 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,030 1,600 1,430 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,180 1,640 1,545 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 6,360 4,590 1,770 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 52,425 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,369 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,696 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,520 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,599 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,374 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 36,910 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,919 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,303 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 52,485 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,347 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,015 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,445 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,404 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,594 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 37,035 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,259 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,790 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 52,425 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 980 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 660 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,400 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,880 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,190 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,980 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,130 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,160 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,240 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,220 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,095 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,755 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,470 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,115 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,920 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,240 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,440 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,890 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,440 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,470 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 52,430 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,020 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 680 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,415 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,980 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,475 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,260 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,470 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,590 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,760 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,645 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,700 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,285 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,995 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,450 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,790 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,905 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,315 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,275 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,310 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 35,490 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,070 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,150 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,585 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,082 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,664 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,410 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,559 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,193 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,720 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,237 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,558 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 35,580 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,365 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,607 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,510 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,279 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,714 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,555 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,593 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,235 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,650 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,851 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,065 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 19,430 8,000 11,430 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,338 34,109 34,449 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,108 30,702 31,260 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 19,365 8,110 11,260 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,921 45,309 42,922 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,832 37,241 36,538 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 124,670 59,380 65,295 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 58,180 26,780 31,395 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 13,110 6,045 7,070 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 11,315 4,925 6,395 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 11,220 5,155 6,065 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 11,130 5,215 5,920 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 11,390 5,440 5,950 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 66,495 32,600 33,900 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 12,050 5,785 6,265 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 12,955 6,230 6,725 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 13,540 6,650 6,885 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 14,405 7,095 7,310 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 13,545 6,835 6,710 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 124,675 59,380 65,295 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 25,700 13,115 12,580 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,335 4,280 4,060 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 77,645 36,695 40,950 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 21,330 9,565 11,760 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,930 8,450 10,485 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 5,115 2,560 2,550 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,710 865 845 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 11,575 5,115 6,460 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,240 770 1,470 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.2 14.2 16.1 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.9 19.5 20.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.5 20.2 20.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.9 13.9 15.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.5 8.1 12.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,845 5,040 5,800 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,690 1,360 1,335 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 950 475 480 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 7,630 3,475 4,150 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 520 210 310 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.5 8.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.4 10.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.1 11.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.8 9.5 10.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.2 2.6 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 124,955 59,575 65,380 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 123,445 58,950 64,490 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 123,355 58,915 64,440 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 10,395 4,435 5,965 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 29,825 14,140 15,685 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 115 25 85 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 50 10 40 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 10 35 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 45 10 35 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 65 15 50 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 60 15 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,715 14,115 15,600 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,380 2,755 2,625 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 10 10 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 60 15 40 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 50 15 35 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 5,305 2,720 2,580 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 105 55 45 1,755 905 855
Arabic 4,940 2,520 2,420 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 120 75 45 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 75 50 30 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 80 30 50 165 90 80
Tigrigna 75 40 30 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 180 70 115 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 15 30 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 135 50 85 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 465 185 285 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 10 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 45 10 30 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 10 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 45 10 30 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 70 35 40 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 360 135 230 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 75 35 35 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 15 0 10 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 375 180 190 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 50 25 25 445 210 235
Malayalam 125 60 65 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 165 80 80 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 55 20 35 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 18,600 8,790 9,810 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 275 115 160 1,135 580 555
Armenian 55 20 30 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 4,515 2,255 2,265 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 105 65 45 635 310 325
Latvian 60 35 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 45 25 20 325 135 185
Slavic languages 4,415 2,190 2,220 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 45 25 15 205 95 110
Bosnian 375 195 185 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 25 10 20 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 445 235 205 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 170 90 75 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 50 20 30 345 180 160
Polish 1,655 810 845 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 770 375 395 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 600 320 285 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 230 115 115 1,240 595 645
Slovak 220 105 115 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 50 70 725 330 400
Ukrainian 350 155 195 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 55 20 40 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 30 10 20 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 15 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,660 1,195 1,465 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 50 25 25 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 95 35 65 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 785 315 470 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 15 0 15 120 55 65
German 1,685 800 885 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 15 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 70 30 30 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 870 445 425 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 3,535 1,660 1,870 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 2,230 1,020 1,205 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 175 85 95 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 315 130 190 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 760 350 405 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 20 10 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 35 20 15 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 515 250 265 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 55 25 35 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 40 60 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 895 430 470 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,380 690 695 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 270 135 140 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 150 90 60 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,065 525 545 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 7,260 3,375 3,885 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,395 655 740 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,110 495 620 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 390 210 175 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,540 2,075 2,460 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 220 130 85
Japanese 215 95 125 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 1,070 510 565 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 395 200 195 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 95 50 45 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 15 0 15 95 60 35
Ganda 10 0 10 105 60 45
Igbo 0 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 20 10 15 265 125 140
Swahili 105 40 65 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 80 35 45 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 70 50 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 180 75 105 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 105 40 65 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,645 1,185 1,460 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 2,635 1,175 1,455 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 865 375 490 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 10 10 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,985 860 1,125 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 20 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 20 55 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 50 30 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 30 20 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 10 0 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 230 120 110 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 55 35 20 835 455 385
Turkish 165 75 85 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 20 10 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 635 305 325 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 30 10 15 495 205 295
Finnish 45 20 20 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 565 275 290 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 124,955 59,575 65,385 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 117,065 55,890 61,170 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,465 12,525 11,945 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 92,595 43,370 49,225 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,890 3,675 4,215 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 124,950 59,575 65,380 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 95,995 45,825 50,170 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,950 12,800 14,145 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 8,475 4,035 4,440 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,160 1,495 1,660 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 4,650 2,275 2,380 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 6,910 3,205 3,700 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,345 1,555 1,790 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 3,570 1,650 1,915 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,750 1,790 1,960 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,005 945 1,065 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,950 12,805 14,150 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,255 1,625 1,630 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 5,730 2,865 2,865 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 5,290 2,365 2,925 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 10,605 4,935 5,675 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,060 1,010 1,050 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,950 12,805 14,145 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 5,095 2,325 2,770 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 90 45 50 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,700 760 935 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 320 140 175 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 170 70 100 920 415 500
Haiti 25 0 20 265 110 160
Jamaica 260 130 135 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 195 75 115 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 45 15 30 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 245 105 145 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,420 655 770 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 625 320 305 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 10,940 5,345 5,595 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 515 255 255 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 340 180 165 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 95 55 35 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 635 300 335 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 360 195 170 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 310 155 155 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 220 125 95 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 560 320 235 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 665 335 330 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,155 555 600 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 500 255 245 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 375 210 165 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 150 85 65 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 240 130 110 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 190 80 110 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,365 1,515 1,845 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,275 600 675 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,865 875 990 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 45 20 25 430 270 150
Egypt 435 215 220 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 90 45 40 1,665 835 825
Kenya 90 45 45 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 15 10 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 110 60 55 1,205 630 575
Somalia 45 15 35 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 180 90 90 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 840 375 470 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 8,940 4,200 4,740 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 330 165 165 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 115 50 60 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,150 470 680 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 305 135 175 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 885 425 455 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 535 260 280 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 895 420 480 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 65 15 50 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 805 385 420 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 445 250 200 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 555 285 270 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 395 145 255 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 155 70 85 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 595 285 305 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 50 20 30 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 100 40 60 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,555 785 770 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 110 65 50 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,750 1,790 1,960 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 780 345 440 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 25 15 10 960 445 520
Colombia 290 115 175 465 220 240
Cuba 15 10 10 70 35 30
Haiti 15 0 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 20 15 10 160 115 45
Mexico 30 15 20 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 230 115 115 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 30 10 25 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 120 45 75 1,855 875 975
Europe 290 185 110 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 10 790 415 370
Germany 10 10 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 20 0