Census Profile, 2016 Census
Markham--Stouffville [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Markham--Stouffville
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Markham--Stouffville [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Markham--Stouffville [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 126,064 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 109,780 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 14.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,171 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 40,298 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 446.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 282.59 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 126,065 61,415 64,650 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 24,995 12,735 12,260 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 7,970 4,065 3,905 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,810 4,500 4,315 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,210 4,170 4,035 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 81,990 39,935 42,055 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 7,600 3,885 3,720 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 6,925 3,625 3,300 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,255 3,120 3,135 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 7,900 3,685 4,215 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 9,225 4,235 4,990 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 10,085 4,940 5,145 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,465 4,635 4,830 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 9,195 4,505 4,685 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,145 3,925 4,225 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,195 3,380 3,815 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 19,080 8,740 10,340 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,500 3,095 3,405 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,625 2,220 2,405 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,295 1,570 1,725 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,360 1,030 1,330 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,305 825 1,475 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,450 550 900 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 645 225 420 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 185 40 140 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.8 20.7 19.0 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.0 65.0 65.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.1 14.2 16.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.3 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.3 38.5 40.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.4 40.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 40,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 28,395 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 945 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,955 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,710 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 5,720 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,165 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,345 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 40,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 5,485 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 10,920 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,860 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 9,695 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,335 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 124,890 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.1 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 101,070 48,680 52,395 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 65,900 32,855 33,045 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 61,485 30,650 30,835 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 4,420 2,200 2,215 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 35,175 15,825 19,350 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 24,230 12,825 11,405 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 1,985 730 1,255 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,005 1,375 2,625 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,955 890 4,065 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,480 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,725 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,755 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 10,390 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,605 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,480 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 32,205 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 29,995 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,210 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,275 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,410 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 865 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 32,205 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 11,275 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 20,930 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 7,390 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 10,025 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,520 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,275 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,455 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,365 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 455 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 10,835 4,195 6,635 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 40,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 31,960 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,320 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,645 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,205 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 6,130 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 5,490 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 645 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 125,015 61,095 63,915 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 110,925 55,200 55,720 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 65 25 35 1,110 530 580
English and French 8,585 3,630 4,955 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 5,445 2,240 3,200 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 125,015 61,095 63,920 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 117,545 57,945 59,600 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,205 540 665 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 890 405 485 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 5,375 2,210 3,165 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,650 745 910 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 125,015 61,100 63,915 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 120,095 58,720 61,375 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 69,455 34,590 34,860 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 68,350 34,105 34,245 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,100 485 615 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 50,645 24,125 26,520 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,645 24,125 26,515 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,305 655 650 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 35 15 15 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 165 95 75
Somali 25 10 15 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,270 635 635 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 35 15 20 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,140 570 570 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 30 10 15 25 10 15
Hebrew 25 10 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 25 10 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 5 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 440 205 235 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 15 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 420 200 220 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,395 950 1,445 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 65 25 40 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 45 20 25 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 60 20 40 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 110 55 55 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,065 815 1,260 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 100 50 50 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 75 35 40 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 6,920 3,355 3,570 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 45 20 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 315 160 155 1,750 905 845
Tamil 6,360 3,075 3,285 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 200 95 110 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 16,485 8,020 8,460 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 70 35 40 1,090 560 530
Armenian 445 230 220 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,175 1,035 1,140 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 45 20 25 645 280 370
Latvian 30 15 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 20 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,125 1,015 1,110 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 15 5 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 60 30 25 1,725 805 915
Croatian 50 25 25 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 65 35 35 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 795 395 405 250 120 135
Polish 415 195 220 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 410 180 225 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 115 65 55 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 45 10 30 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 20 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 110 50 60 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 10 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,025 480 550 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 30 15 10 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 220 110 110 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 0 80 30 50
German 735 330 400 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 5 0 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,235 610 620 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 7,115 3,480 3,640 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 6,150 2,990 3,165 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 280 140 140 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,445 710 735 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 815 395 415 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 30 15 15 225 110 110
Marathi 95 45 50 535 280 255
Nepali 25 10 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 980 480 505 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 180 95 80 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 90 100 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,105 1,005 1,095 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 940 475 460 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 95 50 45 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 830 420 415 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,400 2,155 2,250 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 0 5 125 65 55
Italian 2,575 1,290 1,285 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 465 225 240 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 350 155 200 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,000 480 520 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 125 40 85 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 445 195 250 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 105 45 60 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 0 5 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 5 0 105 45 55
Shona 10 0 5 150 70 85
Swahili 25 10 15 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 10 10 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 15 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 0 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,740 10,335 11,410 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 21,720 10,325 11,400 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 14,245 6,845 7,395 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 410 180 225 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 6,320 2,955 3,365 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 10 5 10 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 320 150 165 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 65 80 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 125 150 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 20 5 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 50 20 35 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 25 10 20 800 405 400
Thai 25 10 20 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 135 75 60 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 495 275 225
Turkish 85 50 35 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 10 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 365 160 200 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 40 20 20 455 195 260
Finnish 95 40 55 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 225 105 125 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,920 2,380 2,535 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 320 140 175 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 4,390 2,140 2,250 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 85 40 40 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 120 60 65 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 125,015 61,100 63,915 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 113,830 55,655 58,175 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 85,030 41,900 43,125 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 84,560 41,690 42,870 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 470 215 255 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 28,805 13,755 15,050 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,805 13,755 15,055 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 505 240 265 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 15 10 5 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 80 40 35
Somali 10 5 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 485 230 255 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 10 0 5 535 250 290
Arabic 450 210 235 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 15 10 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 75 80 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 150 70 80 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 810 360 450 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 25 10 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 10 10 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 35 15 15 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 720 320 400 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 60 30 30 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 25 25 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 4,325 2,025 2,305 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 140 70 70 885 450 435
Tamil 4,090 1,900 2,185 1,935 965 965
Telugu 80 40 45 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 6,260 2,975 3,285 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 20 10 10 530 255 270
Armenian 200 105 90 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 725 360 370 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 725 360 365 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 25 10 15 925 425 495
Croatian 10 5 0 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 5 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 255 125 135 120 60 60
Polish 155 80 75 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 215 105 110 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 20 10 5 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 15 10 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 15 10 5 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 105 50 55 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 20 10 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 85 40 40 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 335 160 175 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 3,515 1,670 1,850 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,025 1,430 1,595 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 155 75 80 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 785 365 410 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 320 150 160 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 10 5 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 0 40 15 15
Marathi 40 20 20 245 125 120
Nepali 10 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 545 250 295 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 65 30 30 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 50 595 290 305
Urdu 1,005 480 525 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 475 230 245 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 5 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 60 25 30 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 415 200 215 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,360 630 735 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 590 265 330 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 95 45 50 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 165 75 95 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 500 245 255 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 40 20 25 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 250 125 125 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 25 15 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 0 5 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,200 7,810 8,390 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 16,190 7,810 8,390 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 10,605 5,090 5,510 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 180 85 90 670 280 390
Mandarin 5,015 2,440 2,570 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 55 65 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 90 40 45 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 190 90 105 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 10 5 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 60 30 25 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 185 95 90
Turkish 40 20 25 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 90 35 50 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 20 10 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 60 25 35 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 11,180 5,445 5,735 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 265 125 135 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 10,650 5,200 5,450 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 45 20 25 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 225 100 125 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 125,015 61,095 63,920 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 96,215 47,255 48,960 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 12,315 6,120 6,195 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 970 395 575 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 15,010 7,125 7,890 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 15,015 7,120 7,890 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 75 40 40 965 435 530
English and non-official language 250 110 140 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 175 60 110 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 99,925 48,320 51,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,170 45,960 49,205 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,645 44,881 31,960 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,195 45,975 49,225 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,954 39,769 29,224 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,970 42,890 44,085 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,338 45,367 30,747 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,730 28,880 37,855 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,561 956 3,854 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,780 37,065 35,715 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,603 46,448 33,940 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 99,930 48,235 51,700 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,190 45,850 49,340 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,015 63,966 42,838 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,220 45,860 49,365 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,930 50,395 35,995 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,010 42,810 44,200 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,178 64,833 41,890 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,725 28,655 38,075 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,284 5,488 6,883 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,800 36,960 35,845 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,623 63,872 43,055 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 99,930 48,235 51,700 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 37,025 20,875 16,145 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,475 66,836 53,863 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,560 83,568 62,914 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.6 94.5 87.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.4 80.5 73.2 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.4 5.5 12.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 99,925 48,325 51,600 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,750 2,360 2,395 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 95,175 45,965 49,210 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.1 95.4 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,410 6,545 8,865 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,820 6,260 8,565 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,555 4,445 6,110 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,855 3,830 5,025 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 8,510 3,835 4,675 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,000 3,315 3,690 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,070 3,100 2,970 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,975 2,690 2,280 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,030 2,260 1,765 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,880 2,140 1,745 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 11,065 7,545 3,520 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 7,315 4,745 2,570 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,750 2,805 945 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 99,925 48,325 51,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,725 2,350 2,375 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 95,200 45,975 49,225 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.1 95.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,835 6,665 9,170 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 15,425 6,540 8,880 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 12,155 5,125 7,025 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,750 4,755 5,990 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,090 4,730 5,360 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 8,045 4,100 3,940 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 6,310 3,510 2,805 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 5,390 3,025 2,365 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 11,200 7,520 3,680 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,670 2,170 1,500 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,105 1,400 705 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 5,420 3,945 1,475 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 99,925 48,325 51,600 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 27,145 11,255 15,885 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 72,780 37,065 35,715 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 72.8 76.7 69.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,895 4,110 4,790 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,500 2,480 3,020 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,920 4,190 4,725 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,895 3,045 3,850 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,435 2,870 3,570 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,325 2,850 3,480 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,345 2,645 2,700 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,640 2,440 2,200 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,945 2,175 1,770 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 15,875 10,260 5,615 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,365 1,945 1,420 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,430 1,840 1,585 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 9,080 6,470 2,605 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 40,300 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,961 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 88,527 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,490 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,275 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,582 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,810 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 113,150 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,820 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 40,310 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,201 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,421 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,495 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 60,203 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,171 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,805 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 135,469 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,675 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 40,295 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 390 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 265 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 410 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 620 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 850 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 860 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,005 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,065 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,105 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,160 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,275 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,285 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,410 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,370 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,395 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,835 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,400 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,410 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,760 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,255 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 40,300 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 445 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 275 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 425 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 650 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 935 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 950 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,135 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,220 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,385 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,360 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,855 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,895 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,035 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,030 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,830 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,880 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,030 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,280 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,570 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 34,515 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,447 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,151 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,995 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,805 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,739 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 20,935 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,299 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,046 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,630 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,472 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,780 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 34,550 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 134,605 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,863 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,075 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 122,455 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,209 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 20,955 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,804 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,314 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,590 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 84,962 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,416 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 7,350 3,075 4,275 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 40,120 43,424 38,629 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,889 38,067 34,837 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 7,375 3,035 4,335 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 53,725 57,196 51,293 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,341 46,315 42,959 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 124,885 61,040 63,850 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 46,195 22,140 24,050 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 7,065 3,450 3,615 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 8,905 4,155 4,750 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 9,370 4,475 4,900 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 9,605 4,660 4,950 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 11,240 5,405 5,830 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 78,695 38,890 39,800 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 12,125 5,935 6,185 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 13,910 6,700 7,205 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 16,035 7,855 8,180 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 18,120 9,020 9,095 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 18,515 9,380 9,135 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 124,890 61,035 63,855 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 29,625 15,075 14,545 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 9,660 4,925 4,730 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 77,165 37,475 39,690 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 18,095 8,480 9,615 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,370 5,465 5,900 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,170 1,635 1,535 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,020 535 485 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 6,680 3,200 3,480 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,525 635 885 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.1 9.0 9.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.8 10.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.9 10.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.7 8.5 8.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 8.4 7.5 9.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,385 3,565 3,820 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,920 970 950 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 610 305 305 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 4,715 2,270 2,445 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 745 320 425 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9 5.8 6.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 6.5 6.4 6.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.3 6.2 6.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.1 6.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.8 4.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 124,840 60,995 63,845 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 119,350 58,850 60,500 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 119,250 58,810 60,435 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 8,725 3,625 5,100 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 62,830 29,885 32,940 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 62,830 29,885 32,945 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,870 920 950 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 20 10 10 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,835 900 935 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 65 35 30 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,635 790 845 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 25 15 15 55 35 20
Hebrew 95 55 40 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 35 15 20 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 655 300 360 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 645 290 355 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,920 1,165 1,760 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 120 60 65 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 30 15 15 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 70 25 45 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 10 0 10 0 0
Malay 150 80 70 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 15 20 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,675 1,040 1,630 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 215 105 110 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 135 80 60 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 35 45 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 9,215 4,520 4,695 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 85 45 40 445 210 235
Malayalam 435 215 215 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 8,460 4,155 4,305 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 355 160 195 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 23,075 11,205 11,870 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 105 40 65 1,135 580 555
Armenian 570 275 295 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,860 1,375 1,490 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 55 20 35 635 310 325
Latvian 40 20 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 15 0 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,815 1,360 1,455 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 50 20 30 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 65 40 25 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 125 50 65 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 85 45 50 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 1,200 580 615 345 180 160
Polish 485 235 255 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 540 245 295 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 240 130 110 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 60 20 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 25 20 725 330 400
Ukrainian 110 50 65 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,595 645 950 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 115 45 70 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 30 15 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 315 110 210 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 1,095 460 640 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 25 15 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 55 25 35 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 10 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,840 925 915 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 10,220 5,090 5,130 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 9,155 4,510 4,640 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 380 175 205 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,905 945 960 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,315 1,630 1,685 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 10 45 25 20
Konkani 55 30 25 375 185 190
Marathi 195 100 95 1,275 650 625
Nepali 20 10 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 25 0 20 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,740 895 845 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 265 120 140 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 395 205 190 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,570 1,755 1,815 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,145 610 535 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 90 40 50 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,065 575 490 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 30 20 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 6,495 3,115 3,380 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,655 1,820 1,835 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 730 340 390 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 465 205 260 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,835 865 970 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 300 115 190 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 445 200 245 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 10 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 340 170 170 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 120 65 55 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 10 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 10 240 140 95
Lingala 10 10 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 120 65 60 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 15 15 10 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 60 20 35 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 35 10 20 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 24,880 11,760 13,115 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 24,880 11,760 13,120 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 17,785 8,425 9,360 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 530 225 300 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 10,405 4,780 5,625 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 425 170 255 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 240 120 120 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 245 110 135 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 30 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 35 10 25 1,125 505 620
Thai 25 15 0 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 255 135 115 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 40 25 15 835 455 385
Turkish 185 100 85 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 30 15 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 440 195 245 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 50 20 35 495 205 295
Finnish 140 60 80 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 255 120 135 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 124,840 60,995 63,845 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 115,695 56,955 58,735 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 28,615 14,620 13,995 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 87,075 42,335 44,740 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,145 4,040 5,110 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 124,845 60,995 63,845 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 70,790 35,485 35,305 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 52,940 25,015 27,920 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 11,890 5,810 6,080 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 8,240 4,015 4,225 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 16,060 7,765 8,300 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 12,615 5,645 6,975 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 7,390 3,415 3,975 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 5,225 2,225 3,000 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,135 1,785 2,345 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,110 495 620 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 52,940 25,020 27,925 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,475 2,275 2,200 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 9,720 4,930 4,795 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 12,130 5,470 6,665 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 21,255 9,975 11,275 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 5,355 2,365 2,990 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 52,940 25,020 27,925 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 5,305 2,435 2,875 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 130 50 75 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 145 65 80 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 45 25 25 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,120 520 600 920 415 500
Haiti 40 20 20 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,415 630 785 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 135 65 70 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 130 60 70 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 615 295 320 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 815 380 435 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 720 325 395 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 8,700 4,260 4,435 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 35 15 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 60 30 30 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 65 25 40 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 425 165 255 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 770 420 350 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 120 55 65 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 145 60 80 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,730 895 840 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 205 95 105 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 325 140 185 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 275 145 130 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 415 185 230 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 200 75 135 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 80 45 45 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 125 55 70 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,575 1,310 1,265 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,130 535 595 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,195 1,075 1,125 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 500 255 245 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 65 35 35 1,665 835 825
Kenya 250 135 115 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 15 10 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 70 25 45 1,205 630 575
Somalia 30 15 15 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 255 110 140 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 990 475 515 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 36,640 17,205 19,440 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 320 170 155 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 230 115 110 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 9,150 4,190 4,960 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 6,915 3,310 3,605 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 4,700 2,260 2,440 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 500 280 220 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 175 85 90 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 95 25 70 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 345 160 185 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 245 120 120 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,915 930 985 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,800 1,170 1,630 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 5,660 2,750 2,910 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 55 25 30 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 515 210 300 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,130 485 645 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,900 920 980 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 95 50 50 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,135 1,790 2,345 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 320 155 160 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 15 10 0 465 220 240
Cuba 25 20 10 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 40 10 30 160 115 45
Mexico 25 15 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 55 55 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 20 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 80 35 45 1,855 875 975
Europe 140 70 75 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania