Census Profile, 2016 Census
Markham--Unionville [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Markham--Unionville
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Markham--Unionville [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Markham--Unionville [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 123,318 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 104,693 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 17.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,948 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 38,557 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,462.2 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 84.34 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 123,315 59,835 63,485 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 21,570 11,170 10,405 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,495 3,370 3,120 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,405 3,820 3,580 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 7,670 3,975 3,695 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 84,865 40,800 44,065 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,495 4,405 4,090 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,925 4,135 3,785 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 7,630 3,790 3,835 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 7,200 3,445 3,760 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 7,555 3,415 4,140 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 9,380 4,190 5,190 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 10,120 4,675 5,445 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 10,170 4,870 5,300 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,835 4,225 4,605 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,575 3,650 3,920 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 16,880 7,865 9,015 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,140 2,980 3,165 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,875 1,880 1,995 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,900 1,360 1,540 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,085 975 1,110 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,875 665 1,210 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,140 440 705 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 560 170 385 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 155 50 105 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 10 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.7 16.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.8 68.2 69.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.7 13.1 14.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.5 1.1 1.9 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.5 38.6 40.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.8 39.4 41.8 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 38,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 22,760 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,110 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,685 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,470 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 6,570 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 395 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 255 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 38,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 4,765 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 9,365 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,780 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 9,440 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,205 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 122,660 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 101,750 48,665 53,080 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 65,120 32,275 32,850 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 62,370 30,900 31,465 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 2,755 1,375 1,380 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 36,625 16,395 20,235 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 26,870 14,000 12,865 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 1,520 505 1,015 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,085 1,200 2,890 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,160 690 3,470 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,110 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 12,875 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 10,205 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 10,430 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,595 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,110 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 31,465 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 30,090 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,375 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,645 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,850 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 790 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 31,465 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,075 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 21,390 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 8,765 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 10,100 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,525 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,640 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,800 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,440 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 400 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,105 4,335 6,770 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 38,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 30,105 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,460 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,645 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,920 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,540 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 4,770 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 770 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 122,975 59,750 63,220 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 102,745 51,070 51,670 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 35 15 15 1,110 530 580
English and French 6,940 3,060 3,880 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 13,260 5,605 7,650 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 122,970 59,750 63,220 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 107,995 53,355 54,640 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 765 355 405 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,090 495 595 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 13,120 5,545 7,580 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,310 605 700 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 122,970 59,755 63,220 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 117,720 57,185 60,530 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 36,595 18,900 17,700 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 35,930 18,595 17,335 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 670 305 365 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 81,120 38,285 42,835 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 81,120 38,285 42,830 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,180 570 615 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 45 15 30 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 45 15 30 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,130 550 585 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 5 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,080 520 560 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 10 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 10 10 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 10 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 5 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 390 175 215 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 370 165 210 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,250 485 760 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 20 5 15 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 40 10 30 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 160 65 90 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,010 385 625 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 70 35 40 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 25 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,160 1,035 1,125 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 10 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 95 45 45 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,980 935 1,045 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 70 40 30 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 10,060 4,880 5,175 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 25 15 15 1,090 560 530
Armenian 495 245 245 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 995 460 535 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 30 10 20 645 280 370
Latvian 15 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 0 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 970 450 515 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 25 10 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 35 15 20 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 15 10 10 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 395 190 210 250 120 135
Polish 125 65 65 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 225 90 135 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 55 40 20 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 15 10 5 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 45 20 30 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 405 205 200 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 0 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 15 10 5 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 75 45 35 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 0 80 30 50
German 270 135 140 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 0 0 835 410 430
Swedish 20 10 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 915 450 460 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 5,040 2,435 2,610 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 4,025 1,930 2,090 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 150 80 70 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,090 510 570 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 640 310 330 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 10 225 110 110
Marathi 55 30 35 535 280 255
Nepali 10 5 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 530 255 280 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 230 95 135 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 60 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,170 575 590 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,005 495 505 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 20 10 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 50 20 30 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 935 465 470 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,175 1,065 1,115 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,155 575 580 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 220 100 120 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 190 90 95 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 610 295 310 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 165 55 110 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 525 240 285 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 85 40 50 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 15 5 15 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 5 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 25 10 15 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 10 5 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 0 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 64,935 30,635 34,300 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 64,875 30,605 34,275 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 38,995 18,575 20,420 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 715 325 385 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 23,005 10,735 12,265 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 50 25 35 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 805 365 440 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 555 245 310 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 735 330 405 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 55 25 25 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 25 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 25 10 10 800 405 400
Thai 20 0 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 80 40 40 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 70 40 35 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 155 80 75 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 30 15 15 455 195 260
Finnish 20 5 15 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 105 55 45 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 5,250 2,565 2,685 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 185 95 95 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 4,830 2,360 2,470 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 80 45 35 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 155 70 85 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 122,975 59,750 63,215 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 109,825 53,375 56,450 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 52,740 26,515 26,220 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 52,470 26,400 26,065 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 270 115 155 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 57,085 26,860 30,225 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,085 26,860 30,225 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 485 215 265 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 20 5 10 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 20 10 15 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 465 210 255 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 450 205 245 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 70 65 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 130 70 65 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 410 185 230 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 55 30 30 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 335 150 185 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 35 20 15 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 15 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,250 575 680 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 45 25 25 885 450 435
Tamil 1,160 525 635 1,935 965 965
Telugu 40 20 15 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 4,145 1,940 2,205 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 15 5 5 530 255 270
Armenian 260 130 130 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 315 150 170 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 5 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 315 150 165 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 5 5 925 425 495
Croatian 0 0 0 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 0 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 120 55 65 120 60 60
Polish 40 25 20 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 110 50 60 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 30 15 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 0 0 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 5 5 5 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 35 20 15 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 0 5 0 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 30 15 15 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 315 150 165 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 2,390 1,110 1,280 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,795 840 960 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 75 35 40 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 490 220 270 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 260 110 150 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 25 10 15 245 125 120
Nepali 5 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 255 120 135 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 70 30 40 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 595 290 305
Urdu 575 285 290 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 595 270 325 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 10 5 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 30 10 15 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 555 250 300 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 810 375 435 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 325 140 185 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 75 30 40 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 85 40 45 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 325 155 170 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 85 35 55 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 280 140 145 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 15 10 10 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 0 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 25 10 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 50,125 23,630 26,500 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 50,105 23,620 26,485 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 30,335 14,280 16,055 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 275 130 150 670 280 390
Mandarin 18,335 8,680 9,650 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 15 5 10 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 310 145 170 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 370 170 200 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 460 215 255 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 5 10 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 5 5 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 5 5 5
Turkic languages 40 15 25 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 35 20 20 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 40 15 20 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 30 10 20 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 13,145 6,375 6,775 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 185 90 95 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 12,735 6,195 6,540 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 15 10 10 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 205 80 130 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 122,970 59,750 63,220 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 81,110 39,550 41,560 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 21,520 10,485 11,040 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 660 280 375 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 18,995 9,135 9,855 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 18,990 9,130 9,855 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 85 35 45 965 435 530
English and non-official language 435 200 235 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 160 70 90 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 101,105 48,500 52,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,005 45,450 49,555 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,375 33,402 25,029 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,030 45,455 49,575 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,505 30,783 23,674 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,320 41,555 43,765 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,998 36,303 25,065 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,930 29,490 38,435 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,447 733 2,304 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,410 34,485 33,925 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,077 40,501 30,253 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 101,205 48,525 52,680 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,035 45,600 49,435 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,640 56,629 39,350 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,060 45,615 49,445 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,655 44,734 33,047 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,260 41,615 43,645 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,156 59,097 39,677 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,255 29,910 38,345 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,930 4,109 5,571 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,505 34,535 33,965 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,375 61,859 42,732 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 101,205 48,525 52,680 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,500 18,505 14,995 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,444 67,217 54,155 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,878 85,361 64,179 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.5 95.2 89.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.8 81.9 74.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 4.7 11.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 101,105 48,495 52,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 6,100 3,050 3,045 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 95,005 45,450 49,560 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.0 93.7 94.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,535 9,025 11,515 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 17,800 7,685 10,120 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,610 4,760 5,850 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 7,970 3,495 4,470 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,880 3,080 3,800 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,655 2,630 3,030 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,780 2,315 2,470 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,875 2,020 1,855 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,430 1,885 1,545 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,025 1,655 1,370 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 10,445 6,895 3,545 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,710 4,215 2,500 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,735 2,685 1,055 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 101,100 48,500 52,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 6,070 3,040 3,030 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 95,030 45,460 49,575 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.0 93.7 94.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,885 9,145 11,740 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 18,400 8,010 10,390 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,825 5,255 6,570 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,310 4,130 5,180 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 7,980 3,665 4,310 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,470 3,140 3,330 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,070 2,705 2,365 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,460 2,455 2,000 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 10,635 6,955 3,685 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,210 1,905 1,310 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,090 1,320 770 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 5,335 3,725 1,605 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 101,100 48,495 52,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 32,690 14,010 18,680 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 68,415 34,485 33,930 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 67.7 71.1 64.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,445 3,835 4,610 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,905 2,605 3,300 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 9,665 4,560 5,100 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,040 3,270 3,775 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,025 2,800 3,220 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,305 2,435 2,865 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,475 2,140 2,335 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,950 1,960 1,985 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,240 1,745 1,495 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 14,365 9,130 5,235 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,950 1,645 1,310 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,770 1,550 1,215 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 8,655 5,935 2,715 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 38,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,141 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,118 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,770 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,933 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,318 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,790 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,425 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,248 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 38,595 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 117,310 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 95,209 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,720 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,968 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,364 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,875 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,720 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,155 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 38,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,055 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 560 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 755 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 920 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 955 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,345 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,330 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,255 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,240 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,145 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,260 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,275 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,100 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,050 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,970 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,340 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,060 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,400 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,545 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,330 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 38,555 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,125 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 575 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 760 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 955 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,020 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,455 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,435 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,400 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,435 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,370 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,765 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,600 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,610 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,395 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,125 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,530 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,610 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,465 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,455 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,530 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,752 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,563 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,090 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,588 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,988 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 21,360 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,554 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,027 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,915 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,812 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,166 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,585 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 125,353 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,756 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,030 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 113,466 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,280 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 21,360 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,893 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,805 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,985 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,395 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,137 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,900 3,150 3,750 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,035 31,824 28,688 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,867 29,683 26,752 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 6,860 3,135 3,725 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,352 51,124 42,335 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,524 40,621 34,917 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 122,660 59,660 63,000 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 55,045 26,260 28,790 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 14,085 6,640 7,440 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 11,640 5,565 6,075 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 9,955 4,740 5,215 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 9,470 4,590 4,875 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,890 4,715 5,175 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 67,610 33,395 34,215 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 10,010 4,855 5,155 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 11,030 5,425 5,605 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 12,510 6,135 6,375 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 15,610 7,750 7,860 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 18,445 9,235 9,215 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 122,660 59,655 63,005 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 26,725 13,850 12,875 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 7,880 4,080 3,805 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 79,630 38,080 41,550 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,300 7,720 8,580 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,205 9,600 10,605 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,975 2,565 2,405 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,520 775 740 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 12,905 5,920 6,985 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,330 1,110 1,215 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 16.1 16.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.6 18.5 18.7 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.0 19.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.2 15.5 16.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 14.3 14.4 14.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 15,890 7,505 8,385 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 4,020 2,060 1,960 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,185 610 575 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 10,560 4,855 5,705 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,310 590 720 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.0 12.6 13.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 15.0 14.9 15.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.0 15.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.7 13.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 8.0 7.6 8.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 122,760 59,665 63,100 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 109,520 54,105 55,415 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 109,470 54,080 55,395 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 6,915 3,115 3,800 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 94,985 45,055 49,930 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 94,985 45,055 49,930 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,760 805 955 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 30 10 25 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 25 10 20 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,730 795 930 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 70 40 30 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,580 730 850 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 15 10 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 45 20 25 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 10 165 90 80
Tigrigna 35 15 20 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 850 350 500 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 835 350 490 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,635 625 1,010 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 40 20 20 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 80 35 45 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 215 100 115 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,390 510 880 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 305 160 150 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 190 90 100 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 65 50 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,890 1,410 1,480 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 20 10 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 120 70 50 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 2,645 1,280 1,370 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 145 80 65 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 14,290 6,955 7,335 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 30 20 10 1,135 580 555
Armenian 500 255 245 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,195 555 635 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 30 10 20 635 310 325
Latvian 0 10 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 25 10 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,175 550 630 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 30 15 15 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 15 10 10 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 20 10 15 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 610 300 310 345 180 160
Polish 150 85 65 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 310 130 180 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 30 15 15 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 15 0 10 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 725 330 400
Ukrainian 45 15 30 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 710 365 345 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 50 30 15 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 35 15 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 120 65 60 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 475 245 230 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 10 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 25 15 15 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 10 75 40 30
Greek 1,520 770 750 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 7,670 3,750 3,920 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 6,370 3,125 3,245 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 220 115 105 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,565 765 805 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,365 1,115 1,250 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 0 10 45 25 20
Konkani 50 20 30 375 185 190
Marathi 105 65 40 1,275 650 625
Nepali 40 15 25 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,340 660 685 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 440 195 250 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 275 155 120 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,050 1,060 985 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,370 660 705 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 10 10 10 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 75 35 35 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,310 625 685 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 3,090 1,455 1,640 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,600 755 845 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 320 145 170 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 155 85 75 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,095 485 600 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 520 260 260 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 10 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 845 390 455 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 235 120 120 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 10 10 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 10 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 20 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 10 0 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 0 10 265 125 140
Swahili 135 70 65 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 45 20 20 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 50 25 25 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 15 10 10 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 73,365 34,820 38,545 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 73,335 34,810 38,525 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 47,665 22,665 24,995 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 795 380 410 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 35,985 16,425 19,560 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 55 25 35 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,005 470 535 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 895 415 480 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 690 305 385 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 35 15 15 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 15 10 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 15 0 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 140 80 65 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 140 80 60 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 205 110 95 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 65 40 30 495 205 295
Finnish 30 10 25 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 110 70 40 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 122,765 59,660 63,105 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 104,790 51,245 53,545 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,580 12,700 11,880 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 80,210 38,545 41,670 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,975 8,420 9,555 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 122,765 59,665 63,100 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 44,715 23,225 21,485 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 75,130 35,025 40,100 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 11,395 5,740 5,660 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 12,555 5,855 6,705 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 24,920 11,490 13,430 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 18,015 8,170 9,845 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 10,145 4,610 5,535 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 7,870 3,560 4,310 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,235 3,775 4,460 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,925 1,410 1,510 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 75,130 35,025 40,100 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 5,670 2,865 2,805 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 11,245 5,530 5,720 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 15,015 6,865 8,150 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 33,490 15,415 18,075 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 9,700 4,350 5,355 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 75,130 35,025 40,100 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,750 1,705 2,040 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 65 30 30 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 60 30 35 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 10 0 0 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 680 295 380 920 415 500
Haiti 20 10 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,220 545 675 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 45 35 10 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 85 30 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 380 165 210 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 675 310 360 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 520 255 265 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 3,880 1,970 1,915 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 15 10 10 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 70 30 45 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 165 85 80 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 675 350 325 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 70 40 30 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 20 25 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 830 410 415 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 70 45 25 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 110 65 50 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 105 40 65 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 155 80 75 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 100 35 65 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 25 15 10 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 35 10 25 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 890 490 400 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 515 250 270 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,725 1,365 1,360 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 600 295 305 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 85 60 30 1,665 835 825
Kenya 440 240 205 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 10 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 90 45 50 1,205 630 575
Somalia 15 0 15 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 175 100 75 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,300 620 680 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 64,695 29,945 34,750 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 295 140 155 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 95 45 50 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 30,305 13,745 16,565 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,125 9,105 10,025 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,040 1,440 1,595 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 805 395 405 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 115 50 65 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 195 95 95 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 545 255 290 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 290 145 145 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,175 555 620 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,525 635 895 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,765 850 915 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 70 40 25 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 1,340 565 770 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,615 715 895 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 2,395 1,155 1,240 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 40 40 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,235 3,775 4,465 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 290 140 150 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 40 15 25 160 115 45
Mexico 10 0 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 155 80 85 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 55 35 20 1,855 875 975
Europe 105 70 40 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 25 15 10 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania