Census Profile, 2016 Census
Markham--Unionville [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Markham--Unionville
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Markham--Unionville [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Markham--Unionville [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 123,318 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 104,693 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 17.8 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,948 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 38,557 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,462.2 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 84.34 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 123,315 59,835 63,485 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 21,570 11,170 10,405 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,495 3,370 3,120 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 7,405 3,820 3,580 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 7,670 3,975 3,695 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 84,865 40,800 44,065 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 8,495 4,405 4,090 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,925 4,135 3,785 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 7,630 3,790 3,835 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 7,200 3,445 3,760 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 7,555 3,415 4,140 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 9,380 4,190 5,190 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 10,120 4,675 5,445 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 10,170 4,870 5,300 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,835 4,225 4,605 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,575 3,650 3,920 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 16,880 7,865 9,015 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,140 2,980 3,165 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,875 1,880 1,995 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,900 1,360 1,540 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,085 975 1,110 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,875 665 1,210 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,140 440 705 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 560 170 385 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 155 50 105 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 10 15 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.7 16.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.8 68.2 69.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 13.7 13.1 14.2 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.5 1.1 1.9 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.5 38.6 40.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.8 39.4 41.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 38,555 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 22,760 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,110 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,685 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,470 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 6,570 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 395 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 255 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 38,555 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 4,765 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 9,365 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 8,780 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 9,440 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,205 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 122,660 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 101,750 48,665 53,080 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 65,120 32,275 32,850 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 62,370 30,900 31,465 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 2,755 1,375 1,380 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 36,625 16,395 20,235 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 26,870 14,000 12,865 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,520 505 1,015 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,085 1,200 2,890 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,160 690 3,470 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,110 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 12,875 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 10,205 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 10,430 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,595 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,110 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 31,465 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 30,090 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,375 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,645 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,850 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 790 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 31,465 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 10,075 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 21,390 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 8,765 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 10,100 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,525 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,640 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,800 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,440 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 400 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,105 4,335 6,770 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 38,555 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 30,105 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,460 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,645 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,920 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,540 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 4,770 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 770 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 122,975 59,750 63,220 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 102,745 51,070 51,670 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 35 15 15 1,810 820 985
English and French 6,940 3,060 3,880 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 13,260 5,605 7,650 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 122,970 59,750 63,220 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 107,995 53,355 54,640 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 765 355 405 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,090 495 595 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 13,120 5,545 7,580 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,310 605 700 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 122,970 59,755 63,220 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 117,720 57,185 60,530 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 36,595 18,900 17,700 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 35,930 18,595 17,335 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 670 305 365 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 81,120 38,285 42,835 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 81,120 38,285 42,830 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,180 570 615 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 45 15 30 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 45 15 30 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,130 550 585 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 10 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,080 520 560 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 10 5 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 10 10 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 5 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 390 175 215 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 370 165 210 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,250 485 760 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 20 5 15 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 40 10 30 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 160 65 90 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,010 385 625 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 70 35 40 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 50 25 25 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 2,160 1,035 1,125 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 15 10 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 95 45 45 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 1,980 935 1,045 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 70 40 30 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 10,060 4,880 5,175 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 25 15 15 1,465 765 705
Armenian 495 245 245 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 995 460 535 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 30 10 20 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 10 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 0 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 970 450 515 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 25 10 15 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 35 15 20 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 15 10 10 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 395 190 210 325 160 165
Polish 125 65 65 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 225 90 135 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 55 40 20 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 15 10 5 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 45 20 30 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 5 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 405 205 200 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 5 0 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 15 10 5 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 75 45 35 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 270 135 140 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 20 10 10 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 915 450 460 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 5,040 2,435 2,610 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 4,025 1,930 2,090 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 150 80 70 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 1,090 510 570 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 640 310 330 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 5 65 35 25
Konkani 10 5 10 255 130 125
Marathi 55 30 35 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 530 255 280 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 230 95 135 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 60 1,675 845 830
Urdu 1,170 575 590 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,005 495 505 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 20 10 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 50 20 30 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 935 465 470 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,175 1,065 1,115 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 1,155 575 580 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 220 100 120 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 190 90 95 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 610 295 310 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 165 55 110 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 525 240 285 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 85 40 50 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 15 5 15 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 25 10 15 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 10 5 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 0 0 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 64,935 30,635 34,300 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 64,875 30,605 34,275 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 38,995 18,575 20,420 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 715 325 385 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 23,005 10,735 12,265 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 50 25 35 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 805 365 440 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 555 245 310 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 735 330 405 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 55 25 25 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 5 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 25 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 25 10 10 1,100 550 550
Thai 20 0 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 80 40 40 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 530 290 235
Turkish 70 40 35 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 155 80 75 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 30 15 15 705 295 410
Finnish 20 5 15 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 105 55 45 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 5,250 2,565 2,685 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 185 95 95 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,830 2,360 2,470 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 80 45 35 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 155 70 85 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 122,975 59,750 63,215 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 109,825 53,375 56,450 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 52,740 26,515 26,220 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 52,470 26,400 26,065 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 270 115 155 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 57,085 26,860 30,225 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,085 26,860 30,225 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 485 215 265 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 20 5 10 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 20 10 15 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 465 210 255 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 450 205 245 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 70 65 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 130 70 65 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 410 185 230 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 55 30 30 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 335 150 185 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 35 20 15 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 15 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 1,250 575 680 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 45 25 25 1,225 615 605
Tamil 1,160 525 635 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 40 20 15 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 4,145 1,940 2,205 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 15 5 5 695 335 360
Armenian 260 130 130 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 315 150 170 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 5 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 315 150 165 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 5 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 0 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 0 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 120 55 65 150 75 75
Polish 40 25 20 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 110 50 60 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 30 15 10 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 5 5 5 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 35 20 15 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 0 5 0 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 30 15 15 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 315 150 165 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,390 1,110 1,280 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,795 840 960 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 75 35 40 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 490 220 270 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 260 110 150 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 5 5 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 25 10 15 270 140 130
Nepali 5 5 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 255 120 135 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 70 30 40 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 675 330 340
Urdu 575 285 290 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 595 270 325 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 10 5 10 1,080 540 535
Pashto 30 10 15 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 555 250 300 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 810 375 435 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 325 140 185 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 75 30 40 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 85 40 45 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 325 155 170 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 85 35 55 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 280 140 145 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 15 10 10 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 0 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 25 10 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 50,125 23,630 26,500 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 50,105 23,620 26,485 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 30,335 14,280 16,055 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 275 130 150 700 295 410
Mandarin 18,335 8,680 9,650 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 15 5 10 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 310 145 170 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 370 170 200 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 460 215 255 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 5 10 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 5 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages 40 15 25 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 35 20 20 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 40 15 20 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 30 10 20 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 13,145 6,375 6,775 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 185 90 95 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 12,735 6,195 6,540 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 10 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 205 80 130 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 122,970 59,750 63,220 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 81,110 39,550 41,560 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 21,520 10,485 11,040 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 660 280 375 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 18,995 9,135 9,855 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 0 0 0 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 18,990 9,130 9,855 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 85 35 45 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 435 200 235 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 160 70 90 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 101,105 48,500 52,605 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,005 45,450 49,555 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,375 33,402 25,029 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,030 45,455 49,575 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,505 30,783 23,674 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,320 41,555 43,765 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,998 36,303 25,065 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,930 29,490 38,435 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,447 733 2,304 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,410 34,485 33,925 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,077 40,501 30,253 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 101,205 48,525 52,680 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,035 45,600 49,435 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,640 56,629 39,350 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,060 45,615 49,445 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,655 44,734 33,047 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,260 41,615 43,645 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,156 59,097 39,677 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,255 29,910 38,345 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,930 4,109 5,571 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,505 34,535 33,965 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,375 61,859 42,732 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 101,205 48,525 52,680 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,500 18,505 14,995 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,444 67,217 54,155 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,878 85,361 64,179 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.5 95.2 89.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.8 81.9 74.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 4.7 11.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 101,105 48,495 52,605 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 6,100 3,050 3,045 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 95,005 45,450 49,560 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.0 93.7 94.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,535 9,025 11,515 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 17,800 7,685 10,120 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 10,610 4,760 5,850 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 7,970 3,495 4,470 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 6,880 3,080 3,800 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,655 2,630 3,030 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,780 2,315 2,470 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,875 2,020 1,855 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,430 1,885 1,545 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 3,025 1,655 1,370 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 10,445 6,895 3,545 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 6,710 4,215 2,500 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 3,735 2,685 1,055 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 101,100 48,500 52,605 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 6,070 3,040 3,030 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 95,030 45,460 49,575 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 94.0 93.7 94.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,885 9,145 11,740 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 18,400 8,010 10,390 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 11,825 5,255 6,570 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 9,310 4,130 5,180 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 7,980 3,665 4,310 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,470 3,140 3,330 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,070 2,705 2,365 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,460 2,455 2,000 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 10,635 6,955 3,685 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 3,210 1,905 1,310 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 2,090 1,320 770 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 5,335 3,725 1,605 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 101,100 48,495 52,605 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 32,690 14,010 18,680 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 68,415 34,485 33,930 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.7 71.1 64.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,445 3,835 4,610 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,905 2,605 3,300 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,665 4,560 5,100 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,040 3,270 3,775 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,025 2,800 3,220 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,305 2,435 2,865 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,475 2,140 2,335 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,950 1,960 1,985 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,240 1,745 1,495 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 14,365 9,130 5,235 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,950 1,645 1,310 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,770 1,550 1,215 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 8,655 5,935 2,715 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 38,555 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,141 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,118 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,770 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,933 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,318 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,790 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,425 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,248 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 38,595 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 117,310 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 95,209 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,720 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,968 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,364 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,875 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,720 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,155 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 38,555 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,055 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 560 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 755 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 920 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 955 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,345 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,330 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,255 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,240 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,145 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,260 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,275 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,100 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,050 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,970 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,340 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,060 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,400 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,545 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,330 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 38,555 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,125 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 575 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 760 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 955 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,020 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,455 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,435 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,400 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,435 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,370 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,765 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,600 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,610 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,395 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,125 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,530 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,610 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,465 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,455 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,530 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,752 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,563 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,090 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,588 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,988 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 21,360 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,554 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,027 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,915 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,812 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,166 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,585 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 125,353 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,756 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,030 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 113,466 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,280 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 21,360 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,893 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,805 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,985 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,395 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,137 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,900 3,150 3,750 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,035 31,824 28,688 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,867 29,683 26,752 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 6,860 3,135 3,725 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,352 51,124 42,335 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,524 40,621 34,917 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 122,660 59,660 63,000 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 55,045 26,260 28,790 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 14,085 6,640 7,440 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 11,640 5,565 6,075 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 9,955 4,740 5,215 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 9,470 4,590 4,875 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,890 4,715 5,175 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 67,610 33,395 34,215 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 10,010 4,855 5,155 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 11,030 5,425 5,605 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 12,510 6,135 6,375 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 15,610 7,750 7,860 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 18,445 9,235 9,215 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 122,660 59,655 63,005 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 26,725 13,850 12,875 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 7,880 4,080 3,805 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 79,630 38,080 41,550 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 16,300 7,720 8,580 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,205 9,600 10,605 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,975 2,565 2,405 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,520 775 740 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 12,905 5,920 6,985 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,330 1,110 1,215 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 16.1 16.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.6 18.5 18.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.0 19.4 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.2 15.5 16.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.3 14.4 14.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 15,890 7,505 8,385 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 4,020 2,060 1,960 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,185 610 575 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 10,560 4,855 5,705 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,310 590 720 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.0 12.6 13.3 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.0 14.9 15.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.0 15.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.7 13.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 8.0 7.6 8.4 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 122,760 59,665 63,100 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 109,520 54,105 55,415 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 109,470 54,080 55,395 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 6,915 3,115 3,800 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 94,985 45,055 49,930 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 94,985 45,055 49,930 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,760 805 955 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 30 10 25 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 25 10 20 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,730 795 930 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 70 40 30 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,580 730 850 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 15 10 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 45 20 25 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 35 15 20 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 850 350 500 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 835 350 490 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,635 625 1,010 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 40 20 20 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 80 35 45 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 215 100 115 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,390 510 880 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 305 160 150 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 190 90 100 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 65 50 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,890 1,410 1,480 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 20 10 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 120 70 50 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 2,645 1,280 1,370 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 145 80 65 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 14,290 6,955 7,335 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 30 20 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 500 255 245 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,195 555 635 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 30 10 20 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 10 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 25 10 15 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,175 550 630 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 30 15 15 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 15 10 10 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 20 10 15 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 610 300 310 400 220 185
Polish 150 85 65 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 310 130 180 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 30 15 15 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 15 0 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 45 15 30 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 710 365 345 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 50 30 15 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 35 15 20 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 120 65 60 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 475 245 230 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 15 10 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 25 15 15 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 10 155 95 60
Greek 1,520 770 750 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 7,670 3,750 3,920 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 6,370 3,125 3,245 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 220 115 105 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,565 765 805 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,365 1,115 1,250 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 15 0 10 60 30 25
Konkani 50 20 30 415 215 200
Marathi 105 65 40 1,475 780 695
Nepali 40 15 25 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,340 660 685 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 440 195 250 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 275 155 120 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 2,050 1,060 985 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,370 660 705 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 10 10 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 75 35 35 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,310 625 685 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 3,090 1,455 1,640 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,600 755 845 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 320 145 170 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 155 85 75 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,095 485 600 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 520 260 260 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 10 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 845 390 455 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 235 120 120 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 10 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 10 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 20 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 10 0 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 135 70 65 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 45 20 20 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 50 25 25 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 15 10 10 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 73,365 34,820 38,545 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 73,335 34,810 38,525 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 47,665 22,665 24,995 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 795 380 410 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 35,985 16,425 19,560 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 55 25 35 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,005 470 535 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 895 415 480 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 690 305 385 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 35 15 15 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 10 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 15 0 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 140 80 65 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 140 80 60 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 205 110 95 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 65 40 30 780 350 425
Finnish 30 10 25 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 110 70 40 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 122,765 59,660 63,105 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 104,790 51,245 53,545 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,580 12,700 11,880 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 80,210 38,545 41,670 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,975 8,420 9,555 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 122,765 59,665 63,100 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 44,715 23,225 21,485 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 75,130 35,025 40,100 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 11,395 5,740 5,660 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 12,555 5,855 6,705 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 24,920 11,490 13,430 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 18,015 8,170 9,845 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 10,145 4,610 5,535 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 7,870 3,560 4,310 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,235 3,775 4,460 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,925 1,410 1,510 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 75,130 35,025 40,100 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 5,670 2,865 2,805 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 11,245 5,530 5,720 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 15,015 6,865 8,150 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 33,490 15,415 18,075 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 9,700 4,350 5,355 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 75,130 35,025 40,100 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 3,750 1,705 2,040 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 65 30 30 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 60 30 35 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 10 0 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 680 295 380 1,305 600 710
Haiti 20 10 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,220 545 675 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 45 35 10 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 85 30 55 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 380 165 210 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 675 310 360 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 520 255 265 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 3,880 1,970 1,915 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 15 10 10 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 70 30 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 165 85 80 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 675 350 325 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 70 40 30 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 20 25 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 830 410 415 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 70 45 25 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 110 65 50 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 105 40 65 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 155 80 75 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 100 35 65 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 25 15 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 35 10 25 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 890 490 400 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 515 250 270 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,725 1,365 1,360 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 600 295 305 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 85 60 30 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 440 240 205 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 90 45 50 1,740 925 815
Somalia 15 0 15 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 175 100 75 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,300 620 680 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 64,695 29,945 34,750 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 295 140 155 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 95 45 50 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 30,305 13,745 16,565 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,125 9,105 10,025 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,040 1,440 1,595 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 805 395 405 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 115 50 65 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 195 95 95 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 545 255 290 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 290 145 145 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 1,175 555 620 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 1,525 635 895 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 1,765 850 915 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 70 40 25 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 1,340 565 770 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,615 715 895 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 2,395 1,155 1,240 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 40 40 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,235 3,775 4,465 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 290 140 150 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 40 15 25 625 355 265
Mexico 10 0 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 155 80 85 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 55 35 20 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 105 70 40 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 25 15 10 970 510 460
Germany 10 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation