Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Mississauga Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Mississauga Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 124,849 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 118,756 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.1 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 47,047 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,565 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,410.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 23.08 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 124,850 61,035 63,810 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 18,775 9,615 9,155 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,175 3,055 3,120 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,395 3,370 3,030 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 6,200 3,190 3,010 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 88,300 43,260 45,040 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 7,510 3,965 3,545 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 10,120 5,180 4,935 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 10,240 5,055 5,180 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 9,605 4,750 4,855 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 8,555 4,095 4,455 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,980 3,830 4,145 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 8,445 3,960 4,490 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 9,540 4,610 4,930 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,830 4,225 4,600 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 7,480 3,575 3,900 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 17,770 8,160 9,610 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 6,170 2,930 3,240 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,340 2,065 2,275 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,220 1,485 1,740 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,175 955 1,220 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,865 730 1,135 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,295 540 755 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 485 175 310 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 75 15 60 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 10 5 10 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.8 14.3 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 70.7 70.9 70.6 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.2 13.4 15.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.5 1.2 1.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.7 38.8 40.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.5 37.3 39.7 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 44,565 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 10,980 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 23,225 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,350 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,810 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 3,820 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,765 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,955 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 44,565 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 10,405 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 12,280 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 8,325 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 7,600 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,955 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 124,390 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 106,075 51,420 54,655 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 59,835 29,845 29,990 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 55,410 27,615 27,790 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 4,425 2,235 2,195 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 46,235 21,575 24,665 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 33,350 17,770 15,580 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,640 1,045 1,600 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 5,390 1,895 3,500 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,850 865 3,985 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 34,720 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 14,395 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 8,920 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 7,820 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,580 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 34,720 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 28,855 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 26,645 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,210 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,865 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,900 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 965 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,860 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 10,835 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 18,025 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 7,250 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 7,385 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 3,390 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,860 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,560 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,670 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 635 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,465 8,400 10,060 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 44,565 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 30,190 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,040 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,150 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,180 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,190 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 10,405 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,785 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 124,680 60,975 63,710 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 110,630 55,090 55,540 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 115 45 70 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 8,005 3,575 4,435 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 5,935 2,265 3,665 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 124,680 60,975 63,710 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 115,895 57,370 58,525 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,280 595 675 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,675 785 890 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 5,840 2,220 3,620 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,115 990 1,125 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 124,680 60,970 63,710 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 116,805 57,145 59,660 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 45,815 23,095 22,715 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 44,835 22,635 22,200 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 975 455 515 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 70,990 34,050 36,940 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 5 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 70,990 34,050 36,940 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,610 4,820 4,790 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 25 15 10 725 405 320
Kabyle 15 10 10 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 175 75 105 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 10 5 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 160 65 95 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 9,400 4,730 4,670 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 55 25 35 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 8,920 4,505 4,415 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 140 65 70 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 5 5 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 155 70 90 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 50 30 20 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,105 985 1,120 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 2,085 975 1,110 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 5,000 2,100 2,900 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 115 50 60 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 0 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 45 15 35 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 135 60 75 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 260 125 140 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 10 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,355 1,815 2,540 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 195 95 95 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 135 70 65 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 3,680 1,855 1,820 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 175 85 90 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 640 315 325 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 2,175 1,070 1,105 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 660 370 290 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 35,255 17,095 18,160 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 380 195 185 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 85 35 45 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 7,300 3,430 3,870 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 120 50 65 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 20 10 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 105 45 60 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 7,185 3,380 3,805 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 5 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 190 95 90 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 155 75 80 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 865 425 435 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 95 45 45 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 220 105 115 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 3,430 1,580 1,850 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 710 315 395 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 565 275 295 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 70 40 35 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 100 45 50 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 40 45 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 690 340 350 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 0 0 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 480 200 280 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 5 0 5 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 20 10 10 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 65 30 40 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 370 155 215 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 0 5 0 940 405 540
Swedish 10 5 5 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 375 175 200 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 18,375 9,165 9,210 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 16,695 8,320 8,375 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 900 440 465 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,545 750 795 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,335 1,165 1,175 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 10 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 205 100 110 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 435 215 220 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 80 35 45 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,960 1,485 1,480 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 200 85 105 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 90 95 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 7,805 3,940 3,870 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,610 800 805 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 65 35 30 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 290 150 140 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,260 615 640 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 8,255 3,890 4,365 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,635 815 820 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 3,085 1,430 1,655 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 340 165 175 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 3,190 1,475 1,710 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 195 90 105 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 15 10 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,145 535 610 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 340 150 190 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 90 35 55 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 15 5 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 5 10 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 5 760 360 400
Igbo 35 20 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 0 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 45 20 25 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 70 40 35 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 15 10 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 0 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,705 5,960 6,745 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 12,655 5,940 6,715 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 5,195 2,400 2,790 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 75 35 35 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 6,665 3,185 3,480 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 15 5 10 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 110 145 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 65 85 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 295 135 160 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 25 30 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 20 10 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 30 15 15 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 65 15 40 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 25 15 15 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 30 5 25 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 330 155 170 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 270 125 140 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 25 15 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 20 10 10 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 290 140 150 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 20 5 10 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 30 15 15 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 240 115 125 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 7,880 3,825 4,045 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 325 140 180 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 7,105 3,480 3,625 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 195 85 110 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 255 120 135 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 124,680 60,975 63,710 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 105,625 51,765 53,860 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 64,870 32,430 32,440 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 64,375 32,185 32,190 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 495 240 250 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 40,755 19,335 21,420 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,750 19,335 21,415 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,555 2,715 2,845 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 10 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 85 35 45 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 80 35 45 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 5,465 2,665 2,795 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 15 5 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 5,285 2,585 2,700 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 35 30 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 15 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 5 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 5 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 30 15 15 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 20 5 10 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,345 610 730 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,335 605 730 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 2,210 980 1,230 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 35 10 25 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 910 385 530
Ilocano 35 20 20 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 120 55 65 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,980 885 1,095 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 130 65 65 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 105 55 50 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 2,125 1,045 1,075 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 90 45 50 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 350 160 190 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,325 645 680 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 345 190 155 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 18,305 8,700 9,605 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 175 85 90 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 15 25 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 3,945 1,845 2,100 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 65 25 40 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 65 30 40 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 3,880 1,820 2,065 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 5 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 105 55 55 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 90 45 45 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 380 190 190 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 40 20 20 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 125 65 65 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,970 905 1,060 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 440 200 240 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 325 155 170 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 40 25 20 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 25 10 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 330 155 175 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 60 25 35 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 5 5 0 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 50 20 30 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 135 60 80 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 9,965 4,820 5,135 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 9,000 4,365 4,635 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 475 220 250 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 760 345 415 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,095 545 555 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 35 15 15 540 260 280
Marathi 210 100 105 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 50 20 35 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,690 805 885 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 100 45 55 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 40 35 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 4,480 2,215 2,270 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 945 450 495 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 40 25 20 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 135 70 70 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 770 355 410 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 3,980 1,840 2,145 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 455 205 255 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,435 670 765 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 160 70 90 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,925 895 1,030 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Japanese 120 60 60 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 840 390 445 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 100 40 60 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 40 20 20 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 5 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 5 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 10 5 10 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 20 10 15 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 30 20 10 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,695 4,575 5,115 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 9,660 4,560 5,095 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 3,895 1,780 2,110 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 25 15 10 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 5,350 2,595 2,760 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 60 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 40 50 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 90 100 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 15 20 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 10 5 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 25 10 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 10 5 5 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 10 5 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 175 75 100 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 145 65 85 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 15 10 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 10 0 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 105 45 55 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 5 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 100 45 55 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 19,060 9,210 9,850 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 295 135 165 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 18,320 8,885 9,435 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 80 35 45 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 360 155 205 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 124,685 60,970 63,710 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 85,445 41,755 43,690 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 17,915 8,850 9,065 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 770 325 445 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 19,795 9,680 10,115 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 0 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 19,790 9,680 10,110 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 165 80 80 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 410 185 220 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 180 95 85 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 105,635 51,265 54,365 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,485 48,590 50,900 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,926 32,733 24,281 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,495 48,590 50,905 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,142 30,091 23,114 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,625 43,230 42,395 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,403 34,372 24,792 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,905 32,710 39,200 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,739 921 3,398 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,680 37,290 34,385 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,048 37,402 29,388 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 105,895 51,400 54,495 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,830 48,710 51,120 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,478 43,728 33,475 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,845 48,715 51,130 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,728 36,608 29,032 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,635 43,345 42,285 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,762 45,208 34,179 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,170 32,860 39,310 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,044 5,181 6,766 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,775 37,350 34,425 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,909 46,923 36,470 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 105,895 51,400 54,500 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,910 19,115 14,790 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,224 56,484 47,873 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,166 64,609 54,423 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.7 92.1 84.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.2 81.8 73.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.3 7.9 15.6 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 105,635 51,270 54,365 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 6,150 2,680 3,465 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 99,485 48,585 50,895 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.2 94.8 93.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,840 9,350 11,490 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 18,400 7,820 10,585 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 12,845 5,730 7,115 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 10,425 4,890 5,530 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,060 4,425 4,640 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,140 3,590 3,550 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,420 2,980 2,440 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,080 2,470 1,610 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,175 1,945 1,230 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,400 1,420 975 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 5,700 3,965 1,740 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 4,280 2,950 1,330 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,420 1,010 410 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 105,635 51,270 54,365 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 6,135 2,675 3,460 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 99,495 48,595 50,905 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.2 94.8 93.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 21,070 9,435 11,640 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 18,985 8,090 10,890 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 14,920 6,705 8,215 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 12,315 5,950 6,365 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,555 5,205 5,345 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,305 4,015 3,290 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,055 3,080 1,970 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,570 2,165 1,405 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 5,725 3,940 1,790 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,185 1,430 760 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,225 850 375 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 2,315 1,660 655 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 105,635 51,270 54,365 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 33,960 13,975 19,980 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 71,680 37,290 34,390 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 67.9 72.7 63.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,110 4,285 4,825 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 6,040 2,805 3,235 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 10,160 4,975 5,180 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 8,000 3,800 4,200 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 7,625 3,665 3,965 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 7,235 3,570 3,665 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,835 3,050 2,785 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,440 2,510 1,930 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,495 2,190 1,310 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 9,735 6,440 3,295 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,815 1,740 1,080 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,135 1,280 860 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 4,785 3,430 1,355 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 44,565 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,494 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,922 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,405 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,442 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,206 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,160 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,653 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,305 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 44,570 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,181 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,315 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,405 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,277 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,340 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,165 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,812 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,750 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 44,565 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,710 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 685 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 985 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,495 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,535 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,590 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,665 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,740 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,695 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,815 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,595 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,295 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,140 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,925 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,555 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,155 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,850 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,245 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,600 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,460 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 44,565 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,745 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 695 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,010 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,550 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,655 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,750 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,885 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,045 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,160 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,245 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,335 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,885 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,540 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,995 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,490 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,565 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,450 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,765 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,350 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,160 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,903 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,614 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,795 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,486 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,332 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,025 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,980 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,063 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,035 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,335 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,658 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,155 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,400 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,359 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,770 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,111 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,585 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,080 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,159 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,633 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,050 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,713 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,569 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,500 6,975 7,530 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,015 39,182 31,788 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,801 34,909 29,262 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 14,470 7,025 7,445 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,573 46,947 42,332 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,118 38,834 35,498 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 124,390 60,875 63,520 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 67,055 32,295 34,755 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 17,425 8,545 8,875 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 13,835 6,455 7,375 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 12,200 5,840 6,360 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 11,905 5,765 6,145 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 11,690 5,690 6,000 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 57,335 28,575 28,760 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,870 5,790 6,075 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 12,170 5,985 6,185 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 11,920 5,935 5,980 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 11,970 6,020 5,955 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 9,410 4,845 4,560 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 124,390 60,875 63,515 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 22,845 11,775 11,075 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,415 3,730 3,685 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 84,155 41,060 43,095 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 17,385 8,040 9,345 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,365 11,645 12,715 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 6,525 3,385 3,135 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 2,115 1,045 1,075 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 15,070 7,140 7,930 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,775 1,125 1,650 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.6 19.1 20.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 28.6 28.7 28.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 28.5 28.0 29.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 17.9 17.4 18.4 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 16.0 14.0 17.7 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,045 9,755 10,290 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 5,200 2,725 2,475 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,705 860 840 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 13,130 6,390 6,745 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,715 640 1,070 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 16.1 16.0 16.2 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 22.8 23.1 22.3 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 23.0 23.1 22.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 15.6 15.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 9.9 8.0 11.4 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 124,735 61,045 63,690 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 118,800 58,760 60,040 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 118,700 58,725 59,980 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 8,150 3,760 4,390 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 87,895 42,525 45,370 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 0 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 87,890 42,525 45,365 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,720 6,430 6,290 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 15 15 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 360 150 210 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 10 10 10 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 335 145 190 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 12,365 6,270 6,095 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 75 35 45 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 11,885 6,030 5,850 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 185 110 70 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 85 45 45 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 60 50 15 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 190 80 110 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 25 10 15 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,615 1,230 1,390 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 15 10 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,600 1,215 1,385 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 6,270 2,660 3,610 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 170 75 100 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 50 15 35 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 190 60 120 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 415 175 240 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 100 40 55 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 10 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,800 2,455 3,350 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 20 10 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 655 295 360 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 450 220 230 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 205 80 130 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 4,840 2,540 2,300 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 325 155 170 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 845 415 430 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 2,925 1,560 1,360 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 995 530 465 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 20 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 46,300 22,665 23,635 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 505 255 245 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 90 45 50 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 8,300 4,070 4,225 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 65 40 25 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 15 0 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 45 25 20 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 8,255 4,045 4,205 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 270 140 130 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 190 90 95 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,270 655 615 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 110 55 55 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 290 140 150 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 3,855 1,840 2,020 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,235 640 595 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 760 370 390 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 125 70 55 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 130 75 60 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 60 65 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,015 495 520 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 30 15 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 990 470 520 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 55 30 25 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 20 15 10 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 85 40 45 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 815 380 430 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 0 10 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 35 10 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 635 310 330 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 25,445 12,560 12,885 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 23,825 11,775 12,050 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,130 550 575 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 2,090 980 1,115 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 9,060 4,495 4,565 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 545 230 315 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 715 350 360 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 95 40 50 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 70 30 40 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,330 2,685 2,640 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 325 145 180 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 320 165 155 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 11,630 5,825 5,810 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,870 910 960 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 80 40 40 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 370 195 175 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,475 710 765 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 65 50 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 11,070 5,335 5,740 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,640 1,305 1,335 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 3,975 1,940 2,035 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 390 195 195 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 4,600 2,165 2,440 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 280 170 115 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 20 10 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 20 15 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,290 600 695 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 840 400 440 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 165 65 100 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 10 0 10 385 195 185
Edo 50 30 25 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 40 15 25 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 700 320 375
Ga 10 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 85 45 40 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 35 10 25 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 0 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 190 105 85 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 20 10 15 730 355 375
Yoruba 210 105 105 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 80 20 60 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 40 10 35 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,265 6,765 7,505 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 14,185 6,730 7,455 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 6,385 2,995 3,395 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 75 40 40 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 8,860 4,225 4,635 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 30 15 15 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 240 100 145 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 120 45 75 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 385 170 220 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 45 55 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 45 25 25 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 45 20 20 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 100 35 60 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 30 10 20 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 65 25 45 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 445 210 230 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 370 175 190 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 35 15 15 700 350 345
Uzbek 25 10 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 270 120 155 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 20 10 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 15 20 0 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 235 90 145 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 124,735 61,050 63,690 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 100,910 49,470 51,440 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,610 9,665 8,950 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 82,300 39,810 42,485 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 23,825 11,575 12,245 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 124,730 61,050 63,685 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 42,440 21,500 20,935 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 77,625 37,230 40,395 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 14,195 6,650 7,550 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 10,130 4,820 5,315 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 17,720 8,630 9,090 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 22,315 10,655 11,665 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 11,235 5,380 5,855 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 11,080 5,270 5,810 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,265 6,485 6,780 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,675 2,315 2,355 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 77,625 37,230 40,400 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 6,505 3,135 3,370 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 12,995 6,870 6,125 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 15,115 6,955 8,160 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 33,965 15,835 18,130 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 9,050 4,440 4,605 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 77,630 37,230 40,400 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 8,695 3,875 4,825 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 225 95 135 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 825 395 425 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 145 70 80 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,175 530 650 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 10 10 10 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,765 715 1,045 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 305 125 180 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 250 100 145 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,195 545 650 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 815 415 395 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,985 880 1,105 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 12,440 5,980 6,460 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 455 215 235 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 655 315 335 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 95 50 45 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 320 165 155 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 250 130 120 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 140 55 80 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 125 55 70 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,215 625 590 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 65 30 30 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,725 1,255 1,470 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 2,405 1,135 1,270 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 355 185 170 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 245 110 140 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 290 140 145 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 520 285 240 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,075 490 580 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,515 735 775 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 5,600 2,770 2,835 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 85 50 35 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 2,380 1,265 1,115 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 90 25 60 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 375 130 240 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 70 30 40 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 360 210 160 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 135 50 90 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 180 85 85 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,935 930 1,005 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 50,740 24,545 26,200 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 625 320 310 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 595 260 330 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,565 3,075 3,490 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,260 1,030 1,235 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 11,110 5,525 5,580 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 650 310 335 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 2,290 1,160 1,125 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 105 45 60 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 990 435 555 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 780 435 340 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 7,445 3,700 3,745 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 6,005 2,640 3,360 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,640 855 790 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,165 575 595 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 525 255 270 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 2,230 1,040 1,190 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 5,770 2,880 2,885 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 140 60 80 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,260 6,480 6,780 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,110 545 565 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 35 10 30 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 190 105 85 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 65 30 45 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 135 75 60 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 110 50 60 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 235 120 115 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 30 40 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 265 135 125 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 525 260 265 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 20 10 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 10 10 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 20 10