Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga East--Cooksville [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga East--Cooksville
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Mississauga East--Cooksville [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Mississauga East--Cooksville [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 120,205 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 121,792 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 44,029 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,062 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,747.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 32.08 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 120,205 58,020 62,180 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 19,235 9,805 9,430 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,060 3,070 2,990 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,600 3,365 3,235 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,575 3,375 3,200 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 79,695 38,785 40,910 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,015 3,660 3,355 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,635 3,895 3,740 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 7,530 3,810 3,720 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 7,580 3,570 4,015 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 7,565 3,500 4,065 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,860 3,735 4,130 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 8,600 4,120 4,480 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 9,445 4,675 4,770 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,840 4,225 4,615 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,625 3,595 4,035 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 21,280 9,430 11,850 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,560 3,020 3,540 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,060 2,315 2,745 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,995 1,815 2,180 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,885 1,275 1,615 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,785 1,005 1,775 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,750 695 1,055 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 805 255 545 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 200 50 150 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 30 5 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.0 16.9 15.2 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.3 66.8 65.8 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.7 16.3 19.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.9 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.6 40.5 42.7 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.3 41.0 43.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,060 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,520 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 16,545 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 14,715 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,715 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 5,730 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,105 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,160 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 280 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,060 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 9,495 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 12,480 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 8,435 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 7,590 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,055 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 118,445 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 100,970 48,215 52,755 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 56,415 28,225 28,190 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 51,700 25,860 25,840 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 4,715 2,365 2,350 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 44,555 19,995 24,565 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 29,260 15,440 13,830 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,085 1,205 1,885 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,095 2,280 3,815 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 6,115 1,070 5,040 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,975 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 14,510 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 8,820 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 7,575 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,070 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,975 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 27,190 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 24,835 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,355 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,785 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 5,670 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,115 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,185 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 10,345 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 16,845 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 6,910 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 7,025 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,905 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,790 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 4,160 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,910 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 715 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,325 7,205 9,125 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,060 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 30,415 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,025 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,385 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,730 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 10,920 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 9,500 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,425 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 119,100 57,645 61,455 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 105,995 52,265 53,725 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 105 45 55 1,810 820 985
English and French 7,370 3,160 4,210 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 5,635 2,175 3,465 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 119,100 57,645 61,460 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 110,950 54,365 56,585 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,120 475 645 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,480 670 805 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 5,555 2,135 3,420 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,855 810 1,045 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 119,105 57,645 61,460 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 112,865 54,625 58,235 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 47,885 23,735 24,145 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 46,950 23,340 23,610 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 935 400 535 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 64,975 30,885 34,085 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 64,975 30,885 34,085 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,445 2,210 2,235 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 135 55 85 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 135 50 80 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 4,300 2,155 2,150 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 90 35 55 1,370 670 700
Arabic 3,595 1,815 1,780 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 285 140 145 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 20 15 440 245 200
Harari 5 0 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 15 5 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 230 110 125 215 100 115
Tigrigna 15 10 10 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,575 1,205 1,370 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 15 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 2,550 1,195 1,355 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 5,115 2,120 2,995 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 135 55 85 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 80 35 45 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 175 75 100 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 100 40 65 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 25 25 700 320 380
Pangasinan 15 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,525 1,875 2,645 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 10 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 105 50 55 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 65 40 30 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 2,825 1,390 1,435 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 65 25 35 280 150 135
Malayalam 405 200 200 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 2,000 975 1,030 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 350 185 165 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 42,700 20,545 22,155 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 975 500 475 1,465 765 705
Armenian 105 45 55 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 19,345 9,150 10,190 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 225 90 135 1,070 485 585
Latvian 35 15 20 565 255 300
Lithuanian 190 75 115 505 225 280
Slavic languages 19,115 9,065 10,055 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 390 190 200 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 515 265 250 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,355 660 690 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 150 70 80 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 465 230 235 325 160 165
Polish 8,820 4,090 4,730 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,525 690 835 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,795 900 895 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 230 105 115 1,395 670 725
Slovak 155 85 70 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 120 150 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 3,410 1,635 1,775 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 730 315 415 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 10 0 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 20 5 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 90 45 50 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 585 255 335 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 10 0 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 730 375 355 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 9,990 5,050 4,940 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 8,865 4,470 4,395 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 700 345 355 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 825 410 415 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 965 485 475 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 105 50 60 255 130 125
Marathi 155 75 80 620 325 295
Nepali 110 50 55 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,080 540 540 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 105 45 60 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 60 1,675 845 830
Urdu 4,685 2,405 2,280 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,085 560 525 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 20 15 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 225 115 110 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 845 435 410 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 10,815 5,100 5,715 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 3,255 1,565 1,695 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 3,855 1,815 2,035 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 635 305 330 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 3,070 1,415 1,650 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 125 40 85 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 85 50 35
Georgian 10 0 10 85 50 40
Korean 760 370 390 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 445 205 240 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 145 55 85 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 15 10 5 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 10 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 15 10 10 90 45 45
Igbo 40 20 20 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 155 70 80
Shona 15 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 60 30 30 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 65 30 35 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 0 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 15 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,040 2,360 2,675 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 4,925 2,305 2,620 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,815 840 975 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 35 15 20 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 2,630 1,255 1,380 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 5 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 205 95 110 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 25 50 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 70 80 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 110 55 55 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 40 15 20 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 75 40 35 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 35 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 30 15 15 1,100 550 550
Thai 30 10 20 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 280 135 140 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 530 290 235
Turkish 225 110 115 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 20 15 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 10 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 435 195 240 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 30 20 15 705 295 410
Finnish 20 10 15 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 380 165 210 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 6,235 3,020 3,225 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 230 105 125 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 5,695 2,765 2,930 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 150 70 80 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 160 75 85 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 119,100 57,645 61,460 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 103,185 49,910 53,275 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 65,085 31,805 33,280 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 64,650 31,610 33,035 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 435 200 240 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 38,100 18,100 19,995 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,100 18,105 20,000 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,785 1,360 1,425 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 70 30 40 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 70 35 40 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 2,715 1,330 1,390 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 50 15 30 600 275 320
Arabic 2,345 1,160 1,190 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 190 85 100 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 65 30 35 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10 5 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,945 900 1,040 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,935 900 1,040 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 2,460 1,090 1,365 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 40 20 25 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 35 15 25 415 175 240
Ilocano 50 25 25 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 35 15 20 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,270 1,005 1,265 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 70 35 35 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 55 30 20 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 1,965 965 1,000 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 35 15 20 110 55 60
Malayalam 235 120 115 1,225 615 605
Tamil 1,480 710 770 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 215 115 100 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 23,965 11,455 12,505 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 565 280 285 695 335 360
Armenian 45 20 25 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 11,750 5,590 6,160 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 105 45 55 210 90 115
Latvian 15 10 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 90 35 55 125 60 65
Slavic languages 11,650 5,545 6,100 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 240 110 130 595 300 300
Bulgarian 360 190 175 1,035 485 550
Croatian 690 330 360 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 60 30 30 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 275 145 130 150 75 75
Polish 5,400 2,525 2,875 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 1,025 470 555 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,165 580 590 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 110 50 60 500 235 265
Slovak 55 30 25 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 45 45 145 65 85
Ukrainian 2,165 1,040 1,125 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 100 40 55 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 5 0 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 90 40 45 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 305 150 160 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 5,925 2,965 2,960 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 5,240 2,630 2,605 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 435 220 220 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 495 250 245 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 500 255 245 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 50 25 25 270 140 130
Nepali 55 25 30 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 545 260 285 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 45 20 25 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 20 675 330 340
Urdu 3,055 1,545 1,505 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 665 320 340 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 110 50 60 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 545 265 275 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 5,270 2,410 2,860 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 1,210 495 710 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 1,915 910 1,000 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 350 170 180 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,800 835 970 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 65 25 40 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 30 15 10
Georgian 5 0 5 30 15 15
Korean 575 280 295 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 0 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 125 55 70 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 60 20 35 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 5 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 10 5 5 10 5 5
Igbo 5 5 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 10 5 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 20 10 10 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 50 30 20 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 20 10 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,720 1,725 1,995 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 3,640 1,680 1,960 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,340 595 745 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 15 5 10 700 295 410
Mandarin 2,055 980 1,080 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 5 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 40 50 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 20 35 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 45 50 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 45 40 1,745 885 865
Burmese 25 15 15 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 55 30 25 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 10 1,380 595 785
Lao 15 5 5 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 155 75 80 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 120 55 65 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 20 10 10 95 50 50
Uzbek 10 10 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 195 90 100 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 5 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 185 85 100 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 15,915 7,740 8,180 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 225 105 120 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 15,360 7,480 7,875 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 75 35 35 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 260 110 150 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 119,100 57,645 61,460 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 84,560 41,025 43,540 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 16,005 7,865 8,135 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 700 280 420 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 17,180 8,180 8,995 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 5 0 0 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 17,175 8,175 8,995 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 130 50 75 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 345 170 175 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 170 75 100 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 99,315 47,655 51,655 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,375 45,390 48,985 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,093 33,594 25,671 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,390 45,390 48,995 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,046 30,711 24,276 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,900 40,785 41,110 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,710 33,415 24,669 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,225 31,350 38,875 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,555 1,560 5,581 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,900 34,905 32,995 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,675 35,522 28,364 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 99,000 47,500 51,500 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,115 45,300 48,815 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,208 42,782 33,963 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,125 45,300 48,830 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,777 36,207 29,595 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,455 40,550 40,900 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,838 42,792 32,925 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,075 31,410 38,665 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,332 6,450 8,049 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,630 34,905 32,725 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,341 43,100 35,332 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 99,005 47,500 51,500 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,655 17,310 14,340 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,258 52,533 45,831 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,434 59,790 52,383 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.9 89.6 81.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.2 78.0 69.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.1 10.3 18.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 99,315 47,660 51,655 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,940 2,270 2,670 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 94,375 45,390 48,985 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.2 94.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,015 7,090 8,930 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 18,235 7,495 10,745 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 14,050 6,195 7,860 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 11,080 5,225 5,860 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 9,435 4,655 4,780 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,020 3,665 3,360 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,260 2,905 2,350 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,715 2,205 1,505 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,740 1,655 1,080 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,110 1,185 925 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,715 3,120 1,595 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,480 2,260 1,220 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,230 860 370 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 99,315 47,655 51,660 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,925 2,265 2,660 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 94,390 45,395 49,000 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.3 94.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,270 7,160 9,110 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 18,925 7,825 11,100 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 16,270 7,265 9,010 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 13,075 6,360 6,720 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 10,530 5,310 5,225 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,000 3,870 3,125 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,595 2,780 1,810 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,020 1,745 1,270 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,705 3,080 1,625 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,820 1,105 715 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 980 650 330 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,905 1,325 585 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 99,315 47,655 51,660 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 31,415 12,755 18,660 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 67,900 34,905 32,995 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.4 73.2 63.9 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,840 4,270 4,570 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,810 2,635 3,175 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,705 4,670 5,035 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 8,155 3,770 4,385 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,790 3,725 4,065 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 7,065 3,650 3,415 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,515 2,945 2,570 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,140 2,375 1,760 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,000 1,825 1,175 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 7,875 5,035 2,840 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,310 1,440 870 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,820 1,005 815 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,750 2,590 1,160 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,060 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,596 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,006 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,495 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,863 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,875 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,565 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,900 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,013 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 43,025 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,574 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,706 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,540 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,363 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,221 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,485 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,317 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,817 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,065 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 725 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 540 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 970 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,625 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,755 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,835 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,905 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,890 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,945 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,870 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,675 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,260 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,030 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,700 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,295 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,055 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,470 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,055 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,280 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,250 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,060 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 760 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 545 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 980 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,685 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,940 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,030 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,110 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,185 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,320 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,265 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,290 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,735 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,310 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,750 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,295 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,850 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,285 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,490 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,080 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 32,760 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,995 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,363 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,690 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,934 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,452 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,915 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,417 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,088 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,000 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,232 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,740 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 32,630 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,026 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,501 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,735 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,764 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,319 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,830 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,382 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,227 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,925 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,062 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,285 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,740 5,980 6,765 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,458 33,440 29,809 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,864 30,363 27,574 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,685 5,825 6,865 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,004 40,254 37,943 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,543 34,296 32,905 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 118,445 57,415 61,035 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 65,135 31,070 34,070 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 13,705 6,550 7,155 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 14,515 6,770 7,750 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,615 5,990 6,630 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 12,310 5,950 6,360 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 11,985 5,815 6,170 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 53,305 26,345 26,965 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 11,330 5,495 5,830 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 11,255 5,490 5,765 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 11,565 5,770 5,790 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 11,025 5,460 5,565 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 8,135 4,115 4,015 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 118,445 57,415 61,030 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 23,180 11,870 11,310 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 7,270 3,700 3,575 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 75,295 36,505 38,790 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 19,970 9,040 10,935 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,955 9,800 11,150 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 6,275 3,250 3,025 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 2,130 1,100 1,030 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 11,915 5,515 6,395 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,760 1,035 1,730 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.7 17.1 18.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 27.1 27.4 26.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 29.3 29.7 28.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.8 15.1 16.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 13.8 11.4 15.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 16,205 7,690 8,510 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 4,795 2,465 2,330 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,620 830 790 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 9,690 4,605 5,085 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,715 620 1,095 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.7 13.4 13.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.8 20.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 22.3 22.4 22.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.9 12.6 13.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 118,130 57,300 60,830 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 112,655 55,200 57,450 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 112,535 55,150 57,385 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 7,395 3,340 4,060 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 78,165 37,580 40,580 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 15 10 0 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 10 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 10 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 78,150 37,575 40,575 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,255 2,700 2,560 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 175 80 90 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 10 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 165 75 95 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 5,125 2,655 2,475 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 130 55 75 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 4,415 2,345 2,070 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 340 160 175 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 25 570 285 285
Harari 10 0 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 80 55 25 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 305 135 175 315 155 155
Tigrigna 40 10 25 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 20 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,265 1,580 1,685 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 10 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 3,265 1,580 1,680 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 6,590 2,800 3,790 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 15 0 15 530 215 310
Cebuano 275 115 160 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 100 50 55 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 250 100 150 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 155 50 110 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 30 45 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,305 2,695 3,610 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 310 165 140 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 195 105 90 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 3,745 1,895 1,855 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 180 85 95 510 250 265
Malayalam 400 200 200 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 2,895 1,440 1,455 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 485 265 220 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 51,970 25,310 26,665 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 885 455 430 1,640 840 795
Armenian 120 70 50 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 21,935 10,400 11,535 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 270 110 160 1,030 515 520
Latvian 30 10 15 555 290 265
Lithuanian 240 100 140 475 220 250
Slavic languages 21,740 10,320 11,420 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 50 25 30 245 115 125
Bosnian 545 285 265 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 635 360 280 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 2,070 945 1,125 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 180 95 80 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 675 350 320 400 220 185
Polish 10,835 5,035 5,795 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 3,145 1,530 1,615 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 2,215 1,110 1,105 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 210 95 115 1,525 770 750
Slovak 250 130 120 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 310 125 185 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 4,550 2,115 2,435 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 420 215 205
Celtic languages 40 10 30 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 20 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,400 690 710 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 15 10 10 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 15 0 10 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 145 70 75 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,185 595 590 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 30 15 15 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 35 15 15 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 960 515 445 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 13,780 7,070 6,715 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 12,525 6,415 6,105 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 820 415 405 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,150 595 555 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 3,750 1,975 1,780 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 355 160 200 415 215 200
Marathi 235 120 115 1,475 780 695
Nepali 125 60 65 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,470 1,285 1,180 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 225 120 105 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 240 100 135 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 6,640 3,405 3,230 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,340 680 660 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 20 20 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 250 140 115 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,125 560 565 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 65 45 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 13,940 6,635 7,305 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 4,500 2,155 2,340 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 4,695 2,155 2,545 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 700 370 325 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 4,555 2,185 2,370 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 230 90 140 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 880 440 440 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 20 10 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 20 10 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 960 455 500 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 285 125 165 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 15 10 10 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 10 105 30 70
Ga 20 10 10 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 10 165 80 85
Igbo 60 35 25 425 240 185
Lingala 35 15 25 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 40 25 20 415 220 195
Swahili 240 120 120 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 160 80 75 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 80 40 35 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 40 15 25 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,935 2,735 3,200 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 5,840 2,685 3,155 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,195 985 1,210 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 65 30 40 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 3,700 1,655 2,045 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 25 10 15 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 360 155 205 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 25 40 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 210 105 105 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 50 40 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 90 55 40 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 65 25 45 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 40 20 20 1,630 735 890
Thai 30 10 25 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 385 185 200 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 15 0 10 945 510 435
Turkish 300 155 140 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 70 25 45 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 10 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 525 235 290 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 35 15 25 780 350 425
Finnish 60 35 25 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 425 185 240 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 118,130 57,300 60,830 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 101,820 49,290 52,530 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,275 10,265 10,010 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 81,545 39,030 42,520 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,310 8,005 8,305 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 118,130 57,300 60,830 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 48,955 24,440 24,515 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 67,310 31,910 35,395 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 16,100 7,405 8,700 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 9,010 4,390 4,615 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 14,915 7,045 7,870 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 18,145 8,585 9,560 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 9,675 4,615 5,060 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 8,470 3,970 4,505 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,135 4,490 4,640 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,870 945 925 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 67,310 31,910 35,395 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 5,155 2,695 2,460 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 11,045 5,680 5,370 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 14,510 6,585 7,925 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 29,890 14,090 15,795 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 6,710 2,860 3,845 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 67,305 31,915 35,395 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 7,605 3,470 4,130 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 195 100 95 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 740 360 380 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 150 65 85 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 925 405 515 1,305 600 710
Haiti 20 20 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,480 610 870 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 245 120 125 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 265 135 135 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 975 390 585 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 695 345 350 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,895 915 985 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 25,925 12,090 13,835 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 960 505 460 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,130 505 625 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 95 50 40 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 635 270 365 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 450 210 240 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 265 110 160 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 180 75 110 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,655 1,290 1,365 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 140 60 80 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 7,610 3,460 4,150 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 3,080 1,410 1,670 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 620 315 310 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 640 285 355 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 865 405 465 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 2,280 1,060 1,225 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,295 575 715 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 3,015 1,510 1,500 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,635 1,245 1,385 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 45 10 30 485 310 175
Egypt 400 205 200 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 115 55 65 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 220 85 135 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 55 30 25 985 535 455
Nigeria 315 165 150 1,740 925 815
Somalia 135 45 90 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 45 25 20 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,295 630 670 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 31,035 15,050 15,985 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 490 260 230 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 485 255 230 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,060 1,400 1,655 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 545 245 295 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 5,370 2,730 2,640 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 360 195 170 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 975 475 500 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 75 25 50 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 675 345 330 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 500 275 220 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 4,340 2,220 2,120 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 6,410 2,790 3,620 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 1,745 785 955 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 705 355 350 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 255 135 130 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 2,505 1,180 1,320 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 2,535 1,380 1,155 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 110 50 55 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,135 4,490 4,645 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 875 425 445 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 165 85 80 580 250 325
Cuba 40 20 20 140 60 80
Haiti 15 15 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 130 75 60 625 355 265
Mexico 70 35 35 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 185 95 95 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 50 15 30 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 205 90 120 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,220 540 690 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 10 0 970 510 460
Germany 25 10 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 10 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 25 10 25 690