Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga--Erin Mills [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga--Erin Mills
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Mississauga--Erin Mills [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Mississauga--Erin Mills [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 122,560 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 117,199 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 38,698 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 37,745 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,631.0 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 33.75 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 122,560 59,585 62,975 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 22,050 11,270 10,780 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,745 2,930 2,810 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 7,685 3,860 3,825 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 8,620 4,485 4,140 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 85,365 41,345 44,025 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 9,805 5,125 4,685 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 9,900 5,140 4,765 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 7,530 3,810 3,725 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 6,500 3,110 3,390 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 7,075 3,070 4,005 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 8,645 3,860 4,785 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 9,945 4,575 5,370 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 10,430 5,035 5,395 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,765 4,295 4,470 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,755 3,325 3,430 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 15,145 6,975 8,175 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,370 2,580 2,790 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,700 1,785 1,920 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,570 1,205 1,360 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,765 770 995 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,735 630 1,110 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,060 405 655 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 530 185 350 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 130 30 100 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 15 5 10 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.9 17.1 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 69.7 69.4 69.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 12.4 11.7 13.0 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.4 1.1 1.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.4 37.5 39.2 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.0 37.3 40.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 37,745 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 16,485 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,145 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 17,115 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,920 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 8,885 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 700 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,605 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 37,745 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 5,320 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 8,840 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 7,530 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 9,020 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,030 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 121,510 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 100,510 48,315 52,195 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 59,450 29,555 29,895 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 56,260 27,970 28,290 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 3,190 1,590 1,600 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 41,060 18,760 22,300 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 31,115 16,245 14,875 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 1,910 660 1,255 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 3,875 1,115 2,755 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,160 745 3,415 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 34,085 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 11,390 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 8,460 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 9,645 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,585 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.3 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 34,080 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 28,910 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 27,315 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,595 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,175 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,345 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 825 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,910 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 8,545 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 20,365 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 6,825 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 9,130 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 4,405 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,175 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 2,850 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,635 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 685 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 10,380 3,945 6,435 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 37,745 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,485 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,780 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,710 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,210 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 6,050 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 5,320 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 725 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 122,180 59,470 62,705 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 108,515 53,900 54,615 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 85 30 55 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 9,975 4,190 5,780 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 3,600 1,345 2,255 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 122,180 59,470 62,705 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 115,705 56,870 58,835 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,430 630 805 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,505 660 840 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 3,545 1,315 2,225 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,185 960 1,225 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.6 2.0 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 122,180 59,475 62,705 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 115,005 55,980 59,025 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 55,965 27,555 28,405 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 54,760 27,020 27,740 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,200 535 665 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 59,035 28,420 30,615 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 10 10 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 10 10 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 5 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 59,020 28,410 30,610 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,575 4,290 4,285 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 175 75 100 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 175 75 95 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 8,390 4,210 4,180 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 40 15 20 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 7,980 4,010 3,975 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 170 75 90 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 10 15 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10 10 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 90 50 40 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 45 20 20 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,035 480 555 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,020 470 550 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 3,560 1,530 2,035 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 95 40 55 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 85 30 55 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 280 130 145 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,010 1,280 1,730 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 130 60 65 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 95 40 50 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,935 940 995 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 80 45 40 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 370 180 190 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 1,190 575 620 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 285 140 140 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 30,865 15,040 15,830 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 135 70 65 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 95 45 45 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 6,440 3,050 3,395 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 90 40 50 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 25 10 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 65 30 35 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 6,350 3,010 3,340 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 100 45 50 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 95 45 50 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 815 405 410 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 85 35 50 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 140 65 75 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 3,460 1,625 1,830 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 540 255 290 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 345 170 170 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 70 35 35 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 110 50 60 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 25 30 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 525 245 280 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 0 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 675 305 365 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 20 10 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 20 5 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 100 50 45 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 480 210 270 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 30 10 20 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 310 155 150 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 17,350 8,610 8,740 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 16,095 7,995 8,100 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 615 300 315 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,095 530 560 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 1,485 730 755 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 20 20 5 345 170 175
Konkani 135 65 70 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 210 100 105 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 20 5 15 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,895 955 945 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 220 105 110 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 240 105 135 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 10,150 5,070 5,085 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,175 580 595 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 25 15 10 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 250 130 120 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 900 430 465 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 5,865 2,800 3,065 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,365 685 685 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,695 810 885 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 435 215 225 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,360 1,090 1,275 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 420 200 215
Japanese 245 95 140 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,165 550 615 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 410 175 240 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 125 50 75 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 10 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 5 0 5 760 360 400
Igbo 30 15 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 30 10 15 1,455 660 790
Swahili 45 25 25 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 75 30 40 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 35 15 20 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 15 5 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,480 4,960 5,520 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 10,450 4,955 5,495 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 3,275 1,545 1,725 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 65 35 30 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 6,455 3,065 3,390 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 235 100 135 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 170 85 90 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 250 120 125 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 5 20 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 20 0 15 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 15 10 10 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 5 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 225 105 120 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 195 90 105 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 20 10 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 300 140 160 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 10 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 20 10 15 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 255 120 130 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 7,180 3,495 3,685 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 390 175 220 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 6,295 3,110 3,185 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 180 75 100 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 315 135 175 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 122,180 59,475 62,705 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 106,020 51,595 54,425 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 74,485 36,460 38,025 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 73,950 36,235 37,720 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 535 225 305 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 31,535 15,140 16,400 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 10 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 5 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,525 15,125 16,395 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,675 2,290 2,385 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 60 25 35 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 60 25 35 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 4,610 2,260 2,355 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 20 10 10 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 4,450 2,190 2,260 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 95 45 55 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 15 5 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 10 5 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 585 270 315 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 575 265 310 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 1,320 585 735 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 30 15 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 5 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 20 10 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 95 45 50 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 5 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,150 505 650 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 90 40 50 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 75 35 40 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 950 445 500 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 20 10 10 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 125 65 60 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 670 310 365 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 130 65 60 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 15,030 7,250 7,775 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 50 20 25 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 15 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 3,155 1,515 1,640 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 0 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 3,140 1,505 1,630 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 40 20 20 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 50 25 25 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 315 150 165 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 20 10 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 45 25 25 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,875 900 970 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 295 145 145 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 200 95 105 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 35 10 20 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 245 105 135 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 70 30 35 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 5 5 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 40 20 20 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 10 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 85 35 50 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 9,315 4,535 4,775 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 8,645 4,220 4,430 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 350 175 180 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 435 200 235 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 650 300 350 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 5 65 30 35
Konkani 25 10 15 540 260 280
Marathi 85 40 45 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 10 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,030 495 535 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 80 40 45 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 50 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 5,880 2,915 2,970 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 640 310 335 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 15 5 5 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 130 65 70 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 495 240 255 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,325 1,095 1,230 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 185 80 95 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 520 245 280 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 200 85 110 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,420 680 740 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 110 50 60
Japanese 165 80 85 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 785 390 395 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 130 50 75 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 55 15 35 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 10 0 5 305 120 180
Ewe 5 5 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 5 455 210 245
Swahili 25 15 15 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 0 10 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 55 25 25 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 25 15 15 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,520 3,580 3,935 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 7,505 3,575 3,925 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 2,120 970 1,150 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 15 10 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 4,985 2,420 2,570 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 60 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 55 60 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 80 90 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 10 5 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 140 65 70 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 120 60 65 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 15 5 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 90 45 45 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 85 40 45 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 16,160 7,875 8,285 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 305 130 170 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 15,350 7,540 7,805 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 70 35 40 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 435 165 270 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 122,180 59,475 62,705 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 86,345 42,070 44,270 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 15,970 7,965 8,005 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 985 410 575 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 18,270 8,740 9,535 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 5 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 18,270 8,740 9,530 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 135 60 75 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 270 135 140 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 190 90 105 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 99,500 47,920 51,580 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,935 44,765 48,170 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,221 38,977 27,360 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,955 44,770 48,190 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,714 35,104 25,559 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,940 41,360 41,580 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,675 40,080 28,092 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,390 28,600 36,800 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,608 716 2,880 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,320 36,095 34,225 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,184 41,510 31,621 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 99,460 47,885 51,575 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,910 44,715 48,190 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,818 55,670 38,603 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,940 44,730 48,215 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,521 44,778 32,715 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,035 41,440 41,595 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,010 56,921 39,133 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,165 28,250 36,910 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,575 4,626 6,301 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,345 36,110 34,235 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,219 57,156 40,847 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 99,460 47,885 51,575 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,745 18,870 14,870 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,035 65,880 53,672 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,303 79,265 61,204 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.6 94.6 87.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 79.5 82.7 75.2 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.4 5.4 12.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 99,500 47,920 51,580 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 6,560 3,155 3,410 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 92,940 44,765 48,175 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 93.4 93.4 93.4 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,975 8,130 10,840 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 15,035 6,250 8,785 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 10,480 4,675 5,805 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,250 3,680 4,565 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 7,845 3,575 4,275 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,680 3,150 3,530 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,290 2,735 2,550 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,340 2,375 1,960 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,695 2,095 1,605 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,045 1,645 1,400 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 9,300 6,450 2,850 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 6,335 4,220 2,115 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,965 2,230 730 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 99,500 47,920 51,585 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 6,545 3,145 3,395 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 92,955 44,770 48,190 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 93.4 93.4 93.4 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,250 8,200 11,045 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 15,605 6,520 9,085 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 11,910 5,310 6,595 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 10,135 4,620 5,520 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 9,515 4,410 5,105 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,135 3,655 3,480 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,575 3,135 2,435 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,440 2,490 1,955 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 9,385 6,425 2,955 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,085 1,895 1,195 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,880 1,275 605 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,420 3,260 1,160 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 99,500 47,915 51,580 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 29,175 11,820 17,355 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 70,320 36,095 34,225 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.7 75.3 66.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,330 4,390 4,940 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,765 2,595 3,175 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,220 4,410 4,810 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,870 3,275 3,605 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,260 2,910 3,350 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,005 2,780 3,225 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,290 2,560 2,735 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,295 2,260 2,030 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,575 1,990 1,585 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 13,700 8,935 4,760 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 3,185 1,855 1,330 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,725 1,490 1,240 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 7,785 5,595 2,190 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 37,745 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,921 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,938 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,320 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,401 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,644 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,425 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,151 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,375 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 37,775 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 115,151 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 94,781 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,330 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,128 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,837 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,445 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 124,840 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,815 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 37,745 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 610 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 375 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 500 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 750 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 860 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 935 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,060 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,070 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,185 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,125 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,360 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,250 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,265 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,235 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,150 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,025 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,825 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,870 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,865 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,475 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 37,745 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 645 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 380 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 515 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 765 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 930 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,040 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,140 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,345 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,395 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,475 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,760 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,830 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,815 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,735 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,610 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,380 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,075 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,570 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,735 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 32,070 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,608 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,935 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.6 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,550 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,885 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,192 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 20,295 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,335 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,894 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,430 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,124 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,800 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 32,055 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 124,478 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,428 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,595 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 114,589 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,965 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 20,245 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,093 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,047 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,365 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 79,727 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,963 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 7,335 3,050 4,285 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 40,597 42,190 39,392 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,272 37,645 35,191 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 7,420 3,090 4,330 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,494 53,068 45,234 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,044 43,020 37,923 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 121,515 59,170 62,340 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 51,430 24,545 26,885 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 11,600 5,490 6,110 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 10,330 4,885 5,450 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 9,470 4,525 4,945 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 9,430 4,500 4,930 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,605 5,140 5,460 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 70,080 34,625 35,455 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,795 5,800 6,000 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 12,720 6,200 6,515 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 13,620 6,690 6,930 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 16,190 7,995 8,195 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 15,765 7,945 7,820 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 121,510 59,170 62,345 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 27,755 14,300 13,455 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,115 3,635 3,485 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 79,225 38,070 41,155 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 14,530 6,795 7,740 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,265 8,145 9,120 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 5,680 2,945 2,730 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,430 725 700 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 10,160 4,615 5,545 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,425 585 845 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.8 14.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 20.5 20.6 20.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.1 19.9 20.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.8 12.1 13.5 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.8 8.6 10.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 13,615 6,435 7,185 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 4,430 2,305 2,130 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,115 565 550 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 8,310 3,790 4,520 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 875 335 540 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.2 10.9 11.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.1 15.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 15.7 15.5 15.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.0 11.0 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.0 4.9 7.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 121,455 59,195 62,260 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 117,815 57,880 59,935 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 117,730 57,865 59,865 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 10,005 4,265 5,740 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 73,820 35,440 38,380 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 0 10 0 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 10 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 73,815 35,430 38,380 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,725 5,770 5,955 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 375 175 200 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 375 175 200 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 11,370 5,595 5,775 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 60 15 40 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 10,950 5,440 5,510 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 220 100 115 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 60 20 35 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 95 55 40 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 100 35 60 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 70 35 40 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 15 45 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,265 630 640 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 10 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,260 630 635 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 4,610 1,910 2,705 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 125 40 90 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 55 20 35 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 115 40 75 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 330 160 170 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 15 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 10 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,245 1,730 2,515 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 485 250 230 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 320 155 165 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 160 95 70 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,835 1,465 1,370 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 180 100 85 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 555 290 270 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,830 915 910 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 480 275 205 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 39,745 19,410 20,340 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 155 85 75 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 135 60 70 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 7,200 3,420 3,780 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 135 70 60 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 45 15 25 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 80 50 30 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 7,090 3,365 3,725 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 160 70 90 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 140 75 65 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 930 425 500 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 115 50 70 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 150 70 85 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 4,255 2,040 2,215 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 765 405 360 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 375 160 215 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 20 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 145 80 70 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 35 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 490 195 290 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 10 0 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,105 575 530 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 85 35 45 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 20 10 15 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 160 110 50 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 770 395 380 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 25 15 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 65 20 40 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 485 250 235 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 23,455 11,655 11,800 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 22,265 11,090 11,175 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 770 415 355 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,565 725 840 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 5,500 2,620 2,880 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 45 20 20 600 300 300
Konkani 270 115 150 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 465 235 225 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 45 15 35 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,300 2,220 2,080 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 385 190 195 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 540 250 290 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 14,150 7,215 6,935 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,390 645 745 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 55 35 25 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 295 120 175 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,060 505 555 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 190 110 85 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 7,675 3,610 4,065 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,125 1,050 1,070 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,865 895 975 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 595 300 295 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,360 1,500 1,860 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 380 175 200 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,295 625 670 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 515 225 285
Mongolian 25 10 15 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 805 330 470 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 190 85 115 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 15 0 15 385 195 185
Edo 20 10 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 15 0 15 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 10 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 0 10 1,225 550 675
Igbo 60 20 35 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 35 10 20 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 15 0 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 230 100 130 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 15 10 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 105 55 55 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 60 100 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 10 10 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 105 15 85 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 80 15 65 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,920 5,645 6,280 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 11,910 5,635 6,275 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 4,125 1,850 2,275 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 70 30 35 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 8,505 4,045 4,460 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 310 170 140 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 265 135 125 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 45 90 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 10 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 0 10 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 25 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 20 10 10 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 35 15 20 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 350 175 175 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 325 160 160 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 20 10 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 300 125 175 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 30 15 15 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 25 0 20 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 245 105 140 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 121,455 59,195 62,265 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 105,420 51,450 53,970 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,365 12,605 11,765 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 81,055 38,845 42,210 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,030 7,745 8,290 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 121,455 59,195 62,260 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 52,430 26,290 26,145 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 67,240 32,010 35,230 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 10,890 5,105 5,785 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 7,910 3,775 4,140 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 16,875 8,020 8,855 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 22,025 10,530 11,490 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 12,185 5,785 6,400 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 9,840 4,750 5,090 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,540 4,590 4,955 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,785 890 895 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 67,235 32,015 35,230 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 6,860 3,375 3,480 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 12,805 6,570 6,240 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 11,680 5,175 6,505 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 28,980 13,585 15,390 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 6,920 3,300 3,620 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 67,235 32,010 35,225 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 7,155 3,175 3,980 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 135 70 65 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 545 235 310 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 135 60 80 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 715 315 395 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 15 10 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,715 725 990 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 180 65 115 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 225 90 130 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,090 460 630 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,170 565 610 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,230 580 650 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 10,690 5,060 5,630 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 270 145 125 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 435 210 225 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 120 65 60 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 375 160 215 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 255 140 115 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 140 75 60 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 165 95 70 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 805 440 370 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 70 40 30 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,765 1,245 1,520 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,005 485 525 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 505 230 270 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 230 125 110 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 175 85 95 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 280 105 180 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,010 935 1,075 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,090 485 605 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 6,075 2,890 3,180 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 30 15 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 3,115 1,515 1,595 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 45 15 25 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 405 165 240 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 50 25 20 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 375 195 180 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 190 75 115 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 290 130 165 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,580 755 830 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 43,170 20,820 22,345 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 360 165 195 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 420 225 195 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,155 2,815 3,335 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,615 785 825 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 7,420 3,565 3,860 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 525 255 270 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 1,790 840 945 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 150 50 100 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,070 495 580 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 770 405 370 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 9,555 4,920 4,640 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 4,405 1,915 2,490 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,280 630 645 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 730 350 380 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 585 275 310 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,025 485 545 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 5,320 2,655 2,665 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 150 65 85 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,545 4,590 4,950 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 810 410 400 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 15 10 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 85 50 30 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 0 10 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 130 70 60 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 55 25 30 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 280 120 160 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 100 55 45 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 140 75 65 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 325 165 155 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 20 10 10 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 15 10 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 20 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480