Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga--Lakeshore [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga--Lakeshore
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Mississauga--Lakeshore [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Mississauga--Lakeshore [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 117,444 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 118,893 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 45,551 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,489 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,960.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 59.90 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 117,445 57,200 60,245 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 18,345 9,410 8,935 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,630 2,875 2,755 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,245 3,225 3,020 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,470 3,310 3,155 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 78,535 38,505 40,030 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,075 3,580 3,495 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,460 3,825 3,635 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,525 3,305 3,225 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,645 3,220 3,430 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,910 3,270 3,640 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,640 3,570 4,070 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 8,770 4,240 4,530 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 10,295 5,090 5,205 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 9,515 4,675 4,840 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,695 3,730 3,960 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 20,565 9,285 11,275 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,335 3,060 3,285 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,720 2,160 2,560 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,740 1,730 2,015 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,850 1,270 1,580 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,910 1,070 1,835 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,890 765 1,125 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 825 260 560 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 185 45 135 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 15 5 15 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.6 16.5 14.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.9 67.3 66.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.5 16.2 18.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.9 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.2 41.2 43.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 43.8 42.9 44.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 44,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,720 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 12,340 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 11,425 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,970 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 4,255 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,090 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,065 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 50 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 44,485 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 10,795 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 14,005 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,925 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 7,500 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,270 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 115,935 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 99,095 47,790 51,305 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 56,450 28,185 28,260 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 50,095 25,010 25,080 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 6,360 3,170 3,185 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 42,650 19,605 23,045 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 27,850 14,915 12,940 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,925 1,265 1,660 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,110 2,310 3,800 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,765 1,120 4,645 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,450 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 15,205 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 7,875 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 7,465 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,905 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,455 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 27,530 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 24,355 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,175 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,925 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,740 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,185 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,530 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 11,455 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 16,075 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 6,230 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 7,055 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,790 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,925 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,755 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,640 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 530 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,635 7,610 9,025 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 44,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 31,180 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,545 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,635 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,115 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,195 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 10,795 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,400 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 116,260 56,795 59,465 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 103,680 51,520 52,160 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 130 60 65 1,810 820 985
English and French 10,095 4,280 5,810 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,355 935 1,430 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 116,260 56,795 59,465 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 111,420 54,750 56,665 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,715 770 940 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 825 365 455 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,300 900 1,400 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,130 960 1,175 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 116,260 56,795 59,465 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 112,700 55,095 57,605 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 73,950 36,905 37,045 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 72,380 36,205 36,175 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,570 705 865 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 38,750 18,190 20,560 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,745 18,190 20,555 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,880 1,450 1,435 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 120 55 70 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 115 50 65 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,755 1,395 1,360 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 60 25 30 1,370 670 700
Arabic 2,265 1,165 1,100 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 235 105 130 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 15 10 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 100 50 55 215 100 115
Tigrigna 40 20 20 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 685 320 360 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 670 315 350 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,095 810 1,285 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 55 25 30 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 25 5 15 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 85 30 55 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 100 45 60 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 15 15 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,775 680 1,100 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 5 10 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 45 20 25 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 595 300 300 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 30 10 20 280 150 135
Malayalam 205 110 95 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 280 135 145 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 80 40 35 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 26,865 12,775 14,090 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 505 260 245 1,465 765 705
Armenian 80 45 35 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 10,935 5,130 5,810 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 185 75 105 1,070 485 585
Latvian 35 10 25 565 255 300
Lithuanian 150 70 80 505 225 280
Slavic languages 10,750 5,045 5,700 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 260 130 130 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 240 110 125 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 660 330 330 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 170 75 90 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 185 95 85 325 160 165
Polish 5,635 2,635 3,005 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,170 525 645 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 655 315 340 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 60 30 30 1,395 670 725
Slovak 260 125 135 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 130 140 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,145 530 615 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 0 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,450 625 820 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 25 15 15 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 70 35 35 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 255 105 145 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 5 295 145 145
German 1,035 455 585 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 0 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 35 15 25 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 410 205 200 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 5,760 2,860 2,895 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 4,710 2,340 2,370 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 310 150 160 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 420 210 210 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 535 260 280 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 25 10 10 255 130 125
Marathi 35 15 15 620 325 295
Nepali 15 10 10 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 650 320 330 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 75 35 35 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 50 1,675 845 830
Urdu 2,525 1,265 1,260 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,040 515 520 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 40 20 20 1,765 945 825
Pashto 115 60 55 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 885 435 450 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 7,725 3,640 4,085 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 2,455 1,220 1,235 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 2,760 1,290 1,475 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 530 240 285 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,980 885 1,090 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 165 60 110 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 0 5 85 50 35
Georgian 10 5 5 85 50 40
Korean 730 330 400 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 245 105 140 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 65 30 40 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 5 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 25 15 10 245 145 105
Lingala 10 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 10 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 15 5 15 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 30 10 15 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 15 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,630 1,630 1,995 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 3,590 1,615 1,975 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,100 515 580 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 15 0 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 2,255 1,000 1,260 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 35 50 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 45 35 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 15 25 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 15 10 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 20 10 15 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 50 10 35 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 15 5 10 1,100 550 550
Thai 40 10 30 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 205 115 90 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 530 290 235
Turkish 180 105 80 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 500 240 265 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 35 20 15 705 295 410
Finnish 35 15 25 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 425 200 225 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 3,560 1,700 1,860 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 325 145 175 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 3,030 1,470 1,565 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 130 50 75 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 75 30 45 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 116,260 56,795 59,465 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 107,920 52,810 55,110 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 89,780 44,285 45,495 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 89,160 43,985 45,180 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 615 305 315 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 18,135 8,520 9,610 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,135 8,525 9,610 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,575 765 810 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 70 30 35 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 65 25 40 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,505 735 775 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 35 15 20 600 275 320
Arabic 1,255 620 635 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 155 70 85 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 25 10 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 20 10 10 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 465 220 245 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 460 215 240 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 855 360 500 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 15 10 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 30 10 20 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 40 15 25 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 755 310 440 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 10 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 275 130 140 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 95 45 45 1,225 615 605
Tamil 140 65 80 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 25 15 10 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 11,600 5,465 6,135 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 245 120 120 695 335 360
Armenian 25 15 15 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 5,240 2,470 2,765 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 50 20 30 210 90 115
Latvian 10 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 40 20 25 125 60 65
Slavic languages 5,190 2,450 2,740 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 135 70 65 595 300 300
Bulgarian 90 40 50 1,035 485 550
Croatian 225 110 120 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 60 30 35 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 65 30 40 150 75 75
Polish 2,935 1,385 1,550 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 695 325 375 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 320 150 175 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 500 235 265
Slovak 75 40 40 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 35 145 65 85
Ukrainian 490 245 250 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 140 65 80 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 5 0 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 110 50 65 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 110 50 55 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,975 1,440 1,535 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 2,395 1,165 1,230 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 185 90 95 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 185 90 90 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 175 80 95 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 20 10 5 270 140 130
Nepali 5 5 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 295 130 155 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 5 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 20 675 330 340
Urdu 1,460 715 750 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 580 275 305 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 25 15 10 1,080 540 535
Pashto 65 35 35 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 485 220 265 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 2,860 1,305 1,560 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 525 215 310 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 1,065 495 570 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 250 120 130 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,025 475 550 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 70 30 40 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 5 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 450 215 235 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 5 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 85 35 45 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 10 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 5 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 5 0 65 25 40
Swahili 10 5 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 15 5 10 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 35 25 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 10 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,430 1,125 1,305 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 2,400 1,115 1,290 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 590 280 310 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 1,710 790 920 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 1,745 885 865
Burmese 10 5 10 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 20 5 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 10 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 5 5 460 225 235
Thai 15 10 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 90 45 40 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 85 45 45 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 150 85 65 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 5 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 145 75 65 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 8,340 3,985 4,360 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 235 115 120 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 7,915 3,790 4,125 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 45 15 25 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 150 60 90 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 116,260 56,795 59,465 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 93,815 46,355 47,460 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 8,360 4,000 4,360 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,155 475 680 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 12,525 5,790 6,735 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 5 5 0 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 12,525 5,790 6,735 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 60 25 40 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 165 80 95 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 170 75 100 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 97,605 47,280 50,330 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,395 45,255 48,140 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,968 43,893 32,806 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,415 45,255 48,160 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,970 38,734 29,876 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,220 42,020 43,195 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,324 43,618 31,423 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,800 28,890 35,905 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,224 1,439 4,570 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,200 35,935 34,260 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,997 42,536 33,590 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 97,845 47,385 50,455 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,720 45,420 48,300 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,117 76,188 48,885 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,730 45,420 48,305 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,127 56,949 39,831 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,580 42,170 43,415 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,720 77,582 48,283 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,830 28,995 35,840 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,998 6,506 7,396 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,430 35,970 34,460 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 61,776 74,941 48,036 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 97,840 47,385 50,455 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 34,365 18,900 15,465 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,888 64,992 56,405 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 89,445 104,388 71,182 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.2 94.6 88.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.9 76.6 70.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.8 5.4 11.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 97,605 47,280 50,330 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,210 2,025 2,190 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 93,395 45,250 48,145 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,700 6,065 7,630 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 14,305 5,920 8,380 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 11,180 4,700 6,480 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,400 4,305 5,095 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,400 4,010 4,390 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,040 3,470 3,570 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,630 2,970 2,660 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,470 2,370 2,105 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,565 1,880 1,685 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 3,095 1,625 1,470 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 12,615 7,935 4,680 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 6,730 3,905 2,820 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 5,890 4,030 1,855 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 97,605 47,275 50,325 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,190 2,020 2,170 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 93,415 45,255 48,160 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,150 6,205 7,945 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 15,025 6,230 8,800 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 12,935 5,520 7,415 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 11,275 5,330 5,945 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,995 4,900 5,100 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,510 3,890 3,620 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,610 3,000 2,615 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,395 2,335 2,060 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 12,515 7,860 4,660 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 3,005 1,665 1,345 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,965 1,190 780 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 7,540 5,005 2,535 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 97,605 47,280 50,330 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 27,405 11,340 16,065 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 70,200 35,940 34,265 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.9 76.0 68.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,290 4,590 4,700 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,185 2,295 2,890 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,740 4,055 4,685 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,750 3,120 3,630 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,435 3,110 3,330 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,960 2,870 3,090 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,165 2,630 2,535 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,150 2,180 1,970 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,265 1,760 1,500 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 15,265 9,330 5,930 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,815 1,495 1,325 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,595 1,365 1,230 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 9,850 6,470 3,380 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 44,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,780 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,661 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,795 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,631 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,094 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,695 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,936 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,787 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 44,495 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 130,832 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,380 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,720 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 60,277 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,671 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,780 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 153,214 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 118,102 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 44,490 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 690 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 425 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 840 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,205 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,395 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,345 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,475 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,540 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,565 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,610 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,110 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,925 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,650 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,490 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,305 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,925 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,550 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,410 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,400 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 6,560 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 44,485 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 745 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 450 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 860 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,275 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,545 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,565 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,705 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,870 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,005 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,930 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,730 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,360 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,120 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,715 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,350 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,265 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,645 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,240 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,380 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 32,770 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,993 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,754 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,220 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,709 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,759 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,185 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,279 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,094 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,420 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,456 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,360 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 32,930 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 153,982 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,448 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,240 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 134,736 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,852 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,195 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 192,973 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,890 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,415 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,075 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,589 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,965 6,590 7,375 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,393 41,766 37,224 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,867 36,536 33,397 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,675 6,465 7,205 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 54,889 56,756 53,214 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,632 45,293 44,040 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 115,935 56,675 59,260 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 46,350 22,020 24,330 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 9,900 4,745 5,155 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 9,130 4,155 4,980 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 9,260 4,295 4,965 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 8,850 4,335 4,515 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,205 4,490 4,715 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 69,585 34,655 34,930 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,805 4,755 5,045 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,415 5,135 5,285 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 11,545 5,690 5,855 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 14,515 7,315 7,195 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 23,305 11,755 11,545 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 115,935 56,675 59,260 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 22,405 11,460 10,945 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,810 3,475 3,330 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 74,235 36,335 37,900 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 19,300 8,880 10,415 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,080 6,670 7,415 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,800 1,995 1,810 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,245 680 565 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 8,570 4,005 4,565 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,710 670 1,040 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.1 11.8 12.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.4 16.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.3 19.6 17.0 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 11.0 12.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 8.9 7.5 10.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,505 5,480 6,030 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,935 1,515 1,420 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 965 510 455 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 7,375 3,510 3,870 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,195 455 740 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.9 9.7 10.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.1 13.2 13.0 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.2 14.7 13.7 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.7 10.2 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 116,200 56,745 59,450 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 113,750 55,740 58,010 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 113,645 55,675 57,970 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 10,135 4,300 5,840 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 48,200 22,725 25,475 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 0 0 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 48,180 22,715 25,465 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,520 1,790 1,730 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 200 85 120 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 10 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 195 80 120 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,330 1,710 1,620 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 75 40 40 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 2,855 1,495 1,365 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 140 160 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 20 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 115 65 50 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 75 40 40 315 155 155
Tigrigna 25 20 10 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 880 440 440 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 840 420 420 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,560 980 1,580 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 75 40 40 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 50 20 30 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 105 40 60 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 140 70 70 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,350 885 1,465 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 205 95 110 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 120 65 60 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 875 480 395 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 45 20 25 510 250 265
Malayalam 280 150 135 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 550 300 250 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 85 50 35 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 34,295 16,355 17,940 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 575 295 280 1,640 840 795
Armenian 80 40 40 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 12,805 6,155 6,650 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 260 115 145 1,030 515 520
Latvian 55 20 30 555 290 265
Lithuanian 210 95 115 475 220 250
Slavic languages 12,570 6,045 6,530 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 35 20 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 365 175 190 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 330 140 180 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 960 490 475 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 300 130 170 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 220 125 100 400 220 185
Polish 6,545 3,200 3,340 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,050 970 1,075 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 875 450 425 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 20 0 15 1,525 770 750
Slovak 400 195 210 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 305 125 180 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,775 835 940 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 30 15 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,285 990 1,295 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 105 50 55 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 115 50 65 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 310 145 165 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,705 730 975 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 30 10 20 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 65 35 30 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 765 385 375 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 7,755 3,750 4,005 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 6,635 3,200 3,430 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 525 270 260 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 555 250 310 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,165 1,070 1,100 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 60 25 35 415 215 200
Marathi 45 25 15 1,475 780 695
Nepali 15 0 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,500 755 750 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 155 55 95 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 180 95 90 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 3,370 1,625 1,750 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,285 635 655 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 15 10 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 195 110 85 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,150 565 590 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 10,900 5,130 5,775 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 15 0 15 395 210 180
Italian 3,575 1,710 1,860 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 3,715 1,760 1,955 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 595 290 305 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,540 1,595 1,945 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 265 110 155 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 20 0 15 115 55 60
Georgian 20 10 15 115 55 55
Korean 835 375 460 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 560 245 315 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 105 45 60 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 15 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 25 10 20 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 20 10 10 165 80 85
Igbo 35 15 20 425 240 185
Lingala 55 30 20 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 0 20 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 135 55 75 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 105 45 55 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 10 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 130 65 65 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 70 30 35 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,175 1,860 2,320 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 4,115 1,825 2,290 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,530 680 850 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 2,860 1,260 1,600 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 50 80 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 45 55 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 45 45 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 70 35 30 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 50 25 20 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 25 10 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 80 35 50 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 25 10 15 1,630 735 890
Thai 65 20 45 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 270 160 110 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 10 945 510 435
Turkish 275 160 110 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 525 240 290 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 45 15 25 780 350 425
Finnish 45 20 25 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 440 210 240 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 116,200 56,745 59,450 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 106,670 52,345 54,320 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,005 10,650 10,355 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 85,665 41,700 43,965 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,525 4,400 5,130 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 116,200 56,745 59,455 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 72,120 36,020 36,100 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 42,815 20,135 22,675 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 14,045 6,545 7,495 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 5,980 2,915 3,065 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 8,265 3,955 4,305 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 9,705 4,465 5,240 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 5,035 2,415 2,630 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 4,670 2,055 2,615 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,825 2,255 2,570 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,260 590 675 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 42,815 20,135 22,680 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 4,520 2,095 2,425 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 7,750 3,880 3,870 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 9,375 4,235 5,140 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 17,895 8,450 9,445 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 3,275 1,480 1,795 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 42,815 20,135 22,675 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 5,520 2,490 3,035 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 175 85 85 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 365 175 190 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 120 75 45 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 535 230 310 1,305 600 710
Haiti 50 25 25 570 250 315
Jamaica 960 440 520 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 155 60 95 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 185 90 95 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 635 255 380 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,030 490 540 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,315 570 745 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 18,920 8,985 9,935 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 425 195 230 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 530 285 250 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 115 35 80 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 835 385 450 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 345 180 165 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 160 75 85 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 300 110 185 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,585 785 795 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 200 100 100 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 4,340 2,090 2,245 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 2,095 960 1,140 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 475 210 265 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 645 300 340 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 390 205 185 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 835 375 455 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,355 1,625 1,735 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 2,295 1,060 1,235 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,155 1,100 1,050 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 30 15 15 485 310 175
Egypt 505 275 230 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 75 35 45 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 180 95 90 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 55 20 30 985 535 455
Nigeria 190 100 90 1,740 925 815
Somalia 115 40 70 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 250 110 140 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 755 415 340 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 16,080 7,500 8,585 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 380 180 200 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 240 110 135 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,235 985 1,250 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 515 225 290 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 2,730 1,365 1,365 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 515 265 255 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 745 370 375 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 110 30 75 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 725 340 380 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 270 120 150 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 2,120 1,040 1,080 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,410 985 1,420 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 430 220 215 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 145 130 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 140 65 75 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 695 310 385 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,555 740 810 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 130 55 75 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,825 2,255 2,570 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 510 205 300 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 20 15 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 50 25 25 580 250 325
Cuba 25 10 15 140 60 80
Haiti 20 10 15 35 35 10
Jamaica 65 30 30 625 355 265
Mexico 35 10 25 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 130 55 75 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 15 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 140 40 100 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 830 380 455 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 10 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 0 15 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 75 35 40 690 310 380