Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga--Malton [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga--Malton
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Mississauga--Malton [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Mississauga--Malton [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 118,240 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 118,046 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.2 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 35,449 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 34,051 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,216.5 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 97.20 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 118,240 58,085 60,160 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 21,665 11,080 10,580 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 6,180 3,120 3,055 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 7,405 3,760 3,640 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 8,080 4,200 3,880 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 83,155 40,800 42,355 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 9,025 4,785 4,235 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 9,555 5,075 4,480 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 8,355 4,165 4,190 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 7,645 3,600 4,040 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 7,600 3,455 4,145 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 7,985 3,545 4,440 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 9,140 4,340 4,800 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 9,460 4,600 4,860 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 8,190 4,090 4,100 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 6,195 3,135 3,060 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 13,420 6,200 7,225 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 4,785 2,330 2,455 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 3,265 1,540 1,725 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 2,390 1,135 1,260 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 1,605 680 925 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 1,370 520 850 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 885 380 505 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 350 100 250 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 120 35 85 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 20 0 15 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.1 17.6 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 70.3 70.2 70.4 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 11.3 10.7 12.0 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.2 0.9 1.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.5 36.8 38.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 36.9 35.5 38.0 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 34,050 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 12,205 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,860 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 17,960 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,065 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 5,475 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,415 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,995 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 30 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 34,050 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 4,020 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 7,075 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 6,850 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 8,300 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,815 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 117,530 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 3.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 96,575 47,000 49,575 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 54,735 27,335 27,400 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 51,765 25,850 25,915 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 2,965 1,480 1,490 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 41,845 19,665 22,175 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 31,305 16,610 14,695 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 2,250 865 1,385 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 4,120 1,435 2,680 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 4,170 760 3,415 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,450 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 10,760 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 8,240 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 9,290 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,160 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.3 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,450 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 26,300 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 24,815 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,480 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,150 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 5,165 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 990 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,300 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 7,410 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 18,890 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 6,350 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 8,635 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,905 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,150 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 3,345 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 1,890 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 910 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,885 5,705 6,180 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 34,050 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 25,765 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 4,935 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,825 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,185 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,100 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 4,020 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,085 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 117,630 57,900 59,735 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 105,330 52,950 52,375 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 100 40 60 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 6,675 2,890 3,785 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 5,530 2,020 3,510 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 117,630 57,900 59,735 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 109,985 54,960 55,025 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 965 410 555 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 1,235 550 685 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 5,450 1,975 3,470 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,585 685 900 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.2 1.5 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 117,630 57,900 59,730 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 110,285 54,240 56,045 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 47,440 23,630 23,810 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 46,665 23,295 23,370 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 775 335 440 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 62,840 30,605 32,235 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 5 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 62,835 30,600 32,230 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,965 2,015 1,945 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 5 5 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 5 5 5 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 220 85 135 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 5 0 5 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 210 80 130 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 3,725 1,920 1,800 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 60 35 30 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 3,185 1,650 1,540 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 205 110 95 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 5 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 0 5 0 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 150 70 80 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 50 25 25 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,675 1,210 1,465 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 15 15 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 2,650 1,200 1,450 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 4,220 1,815 2,410 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 10 0 10 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 115 50 70 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 30 5 20 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 105 45 60 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 5 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 155 75 80 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 20 25 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 5 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,715 1,585 2,130 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 10 5 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 235 120 120 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 135 65 70 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 4,825 2,390 2,435 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 145 75 70 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 970 490 475 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 3,085 1,510 1,575 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 610 305 305 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 39,820 19,795 20,025 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 190 95 100 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 55 30 30 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 4,090 1,890 2,200 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 25 10 15 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 5 5 0 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 25 10 10 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 4,065 1,880 2,190 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 5 5 5 810 385 430
Bosnian 75 35 35 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 55 30 30 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 480 225 255 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 50 25 25 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 120 60 60 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 2,085 955 1,135 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 310 135 175 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 280 140 140 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 15 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 65 30 40 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 35 45 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 415 195 220 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 0 0 0 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 255 110 145 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 5 5 0 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 10 5 5 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 45 20 25 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 180 75 100 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 5 0 0 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 5 0 5 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 315 155 160 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 27,995 14,295 13,700 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 27,055 13,815 13,235 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 785 400 385 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 2,690 1,330 1,360 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 3,025 1,520 1,505 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 10 5 5 565 300 265
Konkani 205 100 105 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 315 160 155 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 515 270 240 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 60 35 25 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 11,145 5,775 5,375 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 235 120 110 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 275 135 145 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 7,795 3,970 3,830 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 825 425 405 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 15 10 5 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 185 95 90 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 630 320 310 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 6,925 3,225 3,695 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 2,365 1,135 1,230 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 2,100 980 1,115 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 235 110 120 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 2,225 1,000 1,230 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 50 15 30 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 460 215 245 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 5 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 565 250 315 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 215 90 125 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 15 5 10 1,670 770 900
Ewe 20 10 5 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 25 10 10 920 445 470
Ganda 5 0 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 45 20 20 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 0 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 20 10 15 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 50 20 30 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 5 5 5 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 100 50 55 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 30 10 15 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 5 0 0 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,610 2,600 3,015 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 5,575 2,585 2,990 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 2,795 1,305 1,495 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 70 35 40 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 2,345 1,090 1,260 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 5 5 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 90 110 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 35 55 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 20 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 20 5 10 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 15 10 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 40 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 35 15 20 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 20 5 20 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 180 85 90 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 165 85 85 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 5 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 110 40 70 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 5 5 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 10 0 10 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 95 35 55 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 7,350 3,660 3,685 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 280 135 145 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 6,775 3,410 3,370 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 115 45 65 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 185 70 110 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 117,635 57,900 59,730 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 99,525 48,920 50,600 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 62,360 30,875 31,485 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 61,920 30,685 31,230 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 440 185 255 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 37,165 18,050 19,115 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 37,160 18,050 19,115 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,085 1,030 1,055 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 5 0 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 110 45 60 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 105 40 60 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 1,960 980 985 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 30 15 20 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 1,685 840 840 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 0 0 0 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 50 25 25 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 25 10 15 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,880 865 1,015 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 1,875 865 1,010 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 1,820 820 1,000 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 35 15 15 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 45 20 25 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 65 25 35 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,655 745 910 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 130 60 70 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 90 40 50 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 3,000 1,465 1,540 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 60 30 25 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 590 300 290 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 2,030 965 1,065 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 325 170 150 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 23,460 11,595 11,860 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 100 50 45 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 35 15 15 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 2,175 1,045 1,135 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 0 0 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 5 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 2,175 1,040 1,135 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 50 25 25 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 25 15 15 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 185 90 100 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 25 10 15 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 55 30 25 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 1,195 565 625 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 195 95 100 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 150 75 75 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 25 15 15 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 225 110 120 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 25 10 15 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 0 0 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 5 0 0 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 20 10 10 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 120 55 70 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 17,850 9,010 8,840 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 17,365 8,780 8,585 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 465 225 235 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 1,660 825 835 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 1,740 895 845 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 5 0 135 70 70
Konkani 60 30 30 720 355 370
Marathi 145 75 75 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 360 175 180 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 15 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,035 4,130 3,905 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 130 70 65 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 60 60 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 4,610 2,275 2,340 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 440 210 230 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 0 5 0 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 100 55 45 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 335 155 185 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,150 1,405 1,745 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 900 380 515 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 770 360 410 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 110 50 65 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 1,370 615 755 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 20 10 15 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 310 150 160 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 910 440 470
Mongolian 5 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 210 85 125 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 110 45 65 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ewe 15 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 15 5 10 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 5 0 5 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 10 5 5 1,035 475 560
Swahili 20 5 15 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 5 0 5 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 25 10 15 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 35 20 15 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 20 5 10 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,050 1,885 2,160 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 4,020 1,875 2,150 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 2,030 920 1,110 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 15 5 5 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 1,810 870 935 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 5 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 35 45 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 25 35 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 15 5 5 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 15 5 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 10 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 15 5 10 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 5 0 0 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 85 35 50 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 80 35 45 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 5 0 5 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 50 20 30 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 5 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 45 20 30 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 18,105 8,975 9,130 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 270 105 165 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 17,500 8,720 8,775 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 30 10 15 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 310 140 175 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 117,635 57,895 59,735 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 82,295 40,340 41,950 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 16,395 8,290 8,100 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 610 255 365 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 17,660 8,690 8,965 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 5 5 5 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 17,650 8,685 8,960 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 80 35 45 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 465 240 230 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 120 40 75 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 95,900 46,790 49,110 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,415 43,690 45,725 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,694 30,690 23,530 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,430 43,695 45,740 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,186 28,468 22,643 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,025 39,185 37,845 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,808 32,291 23,840 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,085 29,490 36,600 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,754 844 3,479 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,595 35,160 32,440 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,706 34,555 27,352 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 95,965 46,875 49,095 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,515 43,805 45,710 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,373 41,482 31,476 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,525 43,805 45,720 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,346 35,078 27,770 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,035 39,310 37,725 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,338 42,827 31,618 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,930 29,405 36,530 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,761 4,547 6,738 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,715 35,445 32,265 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,039 43,740 33,874 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 95,965 46,870 49,095 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,780 17,420 13,360 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,446 52,357 44,106 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,504 60,777 50,932 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.2 92.4 83.0 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 80.9 85.0 75.8 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.8 7.6 17.0 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 95,900 46,790 49,115 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 6,480 3,100 3,385 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 89,415 43,690 45,725 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 93.2 93.4 93.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,330 8,190 10,145 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 17,735 7,595 10,140 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 12,210 5,705 6,505 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 10,010 4,735 5,270 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 8,405 4,025 4,380 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 6,315 3,295 3,025 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 4,460 2,525 1,930 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 3,165 1,905 1,260 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 2,470 1,505 960 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 2,005 1,190 820 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 4,315 3,020 1,295 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 3,235 2,200 1,035 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 1,080 820 260 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 95,895 46,785 49,110 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 6,470 3,095 3,375 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 89,430 43,695 45,735 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 93.3 93.4 93.1 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,465 8,235 10,230 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 18,390 7,940 10,450 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 13,975 6,545 7,435 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 11,805 5,605 6,200 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 9,505 4,860 4,645 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 6,055 3,365 2,690 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 3,930 2,375 1,555 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 2,925 1,750 1,175 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 4,380 3,020 1,355 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,750 1,105 640 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 885 605 280 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 1,745 1,305 440 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 95,900 46,790 49,115 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 28,305 11,630 16,675 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 67,600 35,160 32,440 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 70.5 75.1 66.0 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,270 3,815 4,455 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 5,970 2,735 3,235 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 10,425 5,140 5,285 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 8,435 4,125 4,315 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 7,890 3,845 4,045 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 6,915 3,445 3,470 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 5,210 2,875 2,330 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 3,925 2,285 1,635 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 2,795 1,740 1,050 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 7,760 5,145 2,615 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 2,205 1,340 865 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,835 1,100 740 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 3,715 2,700 1,010 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 34,050 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,406 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,333 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,020 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,328 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,037 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,035 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,463 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,685 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 34,070 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,560 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,360 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,995 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,454 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,705 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,080 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,947 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,023 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 34,050 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 485 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 345 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 560 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 870 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 930 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,060 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,140 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,270 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,280 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,345 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,580 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,360 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,200 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,310 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,085 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,225 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,330 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,110 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,430 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,360 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 34,050 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 500 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 355 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 575 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 895 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 980 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,150 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,275 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,410 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,610 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,590 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,925 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,805 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,815 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,540 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,185 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,440 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,405 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,635 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,405 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,615 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,504 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,914 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 4,795 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,027 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,685 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,740 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,850 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,043 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,045 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,053 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,817 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,510 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,498 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,706 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 4,780 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,215 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,387 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,720 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,383 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,309 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,985 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,079 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,288 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 7,580 4,175 3,410 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,627 28,275 26,897 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,749 25,914 25,508 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 7,675 4,275 3,400 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,792 38,769 36,563 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,223 32,579 31,776 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 117,530 57,850 59,680 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 63,480 31,015 32,470 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 12,260 6,090 6,170 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 13,465 6,455 7,015 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 12,525 6,050 6,480 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 12,915 6,320 6,595 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 12,315 6,095 6,220 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 54,050 26,840 27,205 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 11,990 5,880 6,110 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 11,735 5,850 5,885 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 11,320 5,570 5,750 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 11,335 5,645 5,690 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 7,665 3,890 3,775 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 117,530 57,855 59,675 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 26,885 13,815 13,070 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 7,585 3,795 3,785 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 77,775 37,985 39,790 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 12,870 6,045 6,815 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,350 8,810 9,530 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 6,185 3,175 3,010 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 1,965 1,015 955 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 10,540 4,940 5,600 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 1,625 695 925 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 15.2 16.0 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 23.0 23.0 23.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 25.9 26.7 25.2 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.0 14.1 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 12.6 11.5 13.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,905 7,350 7,550 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 4,780 2,455 2,325 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 1,510 775 735 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 9,075 4,460 4,620 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 1,040 435 605 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.7 12.7 12.7 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 19.9 20.4 19.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 11.7 11.7 11.6 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 8.1 7.2 8.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 117,590 57,900 59,685 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 111,990 55,860 56,125 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 111,905 55,840 56,060 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 6,935 2,975 3,960 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 79,190 38,830 40,360 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 79,180 38,830 40,345 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,375 2,810 2,565 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 10 10 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 10 10 10 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 265 105 155 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 25 15 10 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 240 95 145 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 5,140 2,705 2,435 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 105 40 65 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 4,545 2,390 2,155 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 295 175 120 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 20 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 10 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 25 10 20 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 205 115 90 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 130 55 80 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,420 1,625 1,795 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 3,400 1,615 1,780 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 5,120 2,155 2,965 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 20 10 15 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 200 85 115 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 30 0 20 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 80 35 45 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 255 125 130 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 15 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 10 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,780 2,005 2,775 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 20 15 10 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 745 365 375 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 15 0 10 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 505 250 260 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 215 110 110 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 6,925 3,465 3,455 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 465 225 240 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 1,300 645 655 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 4,675 2,305 2,365 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 890 495 395 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 51,485 25,740 25,740 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 240 135 105 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 35 25 15 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 4,755 2,295 2,460 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 40 25 15 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 0 0 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 40 25 15 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 4,740 2,285 2,460 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 130 65 65 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 75 40 35 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 650 340 315 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 70 30 40 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 170 75 90 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 2,345 1,100 1,240 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 490 195 295 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 500 285 215 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 45 25 20 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 70 50 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 580 260 315 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 0 0 0 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 0 0 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 430 225 200 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 45 30 15 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 0 0 0 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 65 35 30 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 325 165 155 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 0 0 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 10 0 0 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 480 240 250 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 37,170 19,040 18,125 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 36,255 18,555 17,700 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 1,075 515 560 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 3,770 1,855 1,910 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 12,810 6,605 6,210 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 15 0 10 905 490 420
Konkani 495 210 285 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 655 350 310 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 540 270 270 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 85 40 45 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15,955 8,340 7,620 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 280 140 140 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 470 255 210 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 12,015 6,130 5,890 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 1,190 595 595 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 30 20 10 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 320 180 140 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 860 415 440 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 115 90 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 8,810 4,010 4,800 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 3,105 1,470 1,635 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 2,685 1,230 1,460 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 235 95 140 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 3,050 1,350 1,705 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 85 40 40 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 10 10 10 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 505 200 300 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,155 515 635 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 390 155 235 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 10 10 10 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 45 30 20 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 45 20 25 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 20 0 15 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 90 30 55 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 30 10 20 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 10 10 0 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 155 75 80 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 15 0 10 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 195 105 85 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 85 100 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 55 30 25 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 20 10 15 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,590 3,100 3,485 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 6,470 3,045 3,430 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 3,755 1,785 1,965 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 55 30 20 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 3,245 1,500 1,740 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 210 100 115 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 120 65 55 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 35 60 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 115 55 60 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 20 10 15 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 50 25 25 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 50 15 35 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 25 10 15 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 25 0 20 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 200 105 100 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 10 10 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 190 95 90 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 175 60 110 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 20 10 15 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 25 10 15 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 135 50 85 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 117,585 57,900 59,690 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 98,660 48,675 49,985 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,920 12,240 11,680 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,735 36,435 38,305 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 18,930 9,225 9,705 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 117,590 57,900 59,690 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 43,520 22,095 21,420 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 71,730 34,465 37,260 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 10,680 5,110 5,575 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 9,790 4,740 5,050 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 18,775 8,935 9,840 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 22,210 10,700 11,510 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 12,285 5,970 6,320 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 9,925 4,735 5,190 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,270 4,980 5,285 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,340 1,340 1,005 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 71,725 34,465 37,260 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 5,760 2,930 2,830 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 11,690 6,070 5,615 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 15,495 6,705 8,785 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 30,510 14,805 15,710 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 8,270 3,955 4,315 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 71,725 34,465 37,260 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 11,085 4,915 6,170 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 75 30 45 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 405 160 245 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 165 75 90 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 2,370 1,110 1,260 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 35 10 25 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 3,625 1,575 2,045 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 165 50 110 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 160 70 90 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,400 645 755 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 780 370 410 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 1,915 820 1,090 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 8,660 4,025 4,630 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 265 140 125 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 355 175 175 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 65 35 35 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 135 55 80 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 255 130 130 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 60 25 35 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 15 45 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 1,610 745 865 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 70 40 30 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 1,655 740 910 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 1,645 765 880 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 210 80 130 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 110 40 75 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 235 135 100 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 260 100 150 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 940 435 505 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 720 370 345 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 3,645 1,765 1,875 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 15 10 0 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 870 470 400 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 120 55 65 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 270 95 175 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 55 30 30 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 505 260 240 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 110 35 70 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 115 45 70 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 1,590 770 820 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 48,160 23,650 24,510 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 345 185 165 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 520 265 250 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,610 1,235 1,375 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,155 535 615 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 19,470 9,630 9,840 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 270 160 110 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 815 435 380 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 30 15 15 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 425 200 230 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 385 190 195 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 7,370 3,730 3,645 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 4,965 2,160 2,805 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 2,720 1,375 1,345 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 370 210 165 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 160 60 95 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 2,830 1,305 1,520 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 3,725 1,960 1,765 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 180 100 75 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,270 4,980 5,285 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 1,080 520 560 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 15 10 10 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 50 25 25 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 20 10 15 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 10 0 10 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 355 180 180 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 45 20 30 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 210 110 100 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 365 165 200 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 255 105 155 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 0 0 0 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 10 0 15 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 5,900