Census Profile, 2016 Census
Nepean [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nepean
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Nepean [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Nepean [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 119,110 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 104,775 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.7 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,964 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 41,099 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 692.8 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 171.94 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 119,110 57,975 61,135 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 24,135 12,225 11,915 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 7,260 3,730 3,530 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 8,440 4,210 4,225 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 8,435 4,275 4,160 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 80,755 39,235 41,525 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 8,180 4,245 3,935 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 7,580 3,910 3,670 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 6,940 3,445 3,495 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,785 3,680 4,100 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 8,140 3,675 4,465 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 9,365 4,335 5,025 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 9,380 4,585 4,800 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 9,495 4,655 4,840 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 7,810 3,815 4,000 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,070 2,890 3,185 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 14,215 6,520 7,695 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,195 2,460 2,730 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,470 1,640 1,835 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,385 1,150 1,240 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,570 725 845 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,595 545 1,050 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 945 370 570 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 500 150 355 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 125 25 105 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 25 0 20 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.3 21.1 19.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.8 67.7 67.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 11.9 11.2 12.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.3 0.9 1.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.6 36.9 38.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.1 37.1 38.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 41,100 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,785 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 530 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 19,545 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,065 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 14,550 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 55 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,875 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 240 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 41,100 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 6,915 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 12,630 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 8,040 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 8,525 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,985 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 117,840 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 94,970 45,750 49,225 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 58,785 29,295 29,490 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 51,555 25,670 25,885 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 7,235 3,625 3,610 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 36,190 16,455 19,730 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 25,655 13,390 12,270 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,325 870 1,455 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 4,670 1,480 3,185 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 3,545 720 2,820 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,925 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 13,725 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 8,030 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 8,585 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,590 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,925 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 28,860 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 25,245 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,615 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,065 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,020 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,045 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,855 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 10,910 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 17,950 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 6,360 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 8,160 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 3,435 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,070 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 2,815 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,670 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 580 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,855 5,685 7,175 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 41,100 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 31,795 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,065 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,725 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,045 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,265 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 6,920 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,340 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 118,250 57,695 60,550 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 80,555 40,785 39,775 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 515 210 300 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 34,990 15,815 19,175 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,190 885 1,305 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 118,250 57,695 60,550 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 105,240 51,820 53,425 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 8,320 3,790 4,535 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,540 1,225 1,310 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,145 860 1,280 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 9,590 4,400 5,190 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 8.1 7.6 8.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 118,245 57,695 60,550 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 113,840 55,610 58,235 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 82,755 40,825 41,930 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 75,065 37,315 37,755 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 7,690 3,515 4,180 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 31,085 14,780 16,305 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 40 15 25 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 5 15 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 10 0 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,045 14,765 16,280 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,035 2,530 2,505 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 50 30 25 725 405 320
Kabyle 45 20 25 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 470 205 270 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 5 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 5 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 455 195 260 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 4,505 2,300 2,205 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 210 105 110 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 4,095 2,105 1,990 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 70 30 35 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 5 0 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 115 55 60 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,505 700 810 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 220 95 125 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,285 605 680 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,295 490 805 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 50 15 30 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 95 40 60 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 45 15 30 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,055 400 655 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 310 130 175 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 25 10 10 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 260 110 145 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,110 545 565 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 25 10 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 165 80 80 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 800 395 410 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 115 55 55 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 13,355 6,395 6,965 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 80 45 40 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 35 20 15 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 2,900 1,310 1,590 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 55 15 35 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 20 5 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 35 15 20 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 2,845 1,290 1,555 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 100 40 55 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 100 50 55 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 185 90 100 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 115 55 60 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 0 5 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 710 320 390 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 970 440 530 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 335 160 170 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 75 35 40 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 90 40 50 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 135 45 85 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 10 0 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 10 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 865 395 475 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 10 10 5 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 30 5 20 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 225 110 115 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 5 0 1,240 630 620
German 520 225 295 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 15 5 10 940 405 540
Swedish 20 15 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 30 15 15 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 465 245 225 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 5,290 2,585 2,700 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 4,295 2,095 2,205 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 620 295 325 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 360 190 180 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 660 320 345 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 20 10 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 75 35 35 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 115 55 60 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,120 555 565 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 65 25 40 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 265 125 135 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 965 465 495 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 975 485 485 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 120 60 65 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 110 55 55 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 745 375 370 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 3,710 1,800 1,910 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,420 715 705 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 400 185 215 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 315 160 160 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,565 735 830 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 95 25 75 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 465 210 260 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 5 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 515 245 265 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 85 40 40 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 20 5 10 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 20 10 15 760 360 400
Igbo 30 15 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 15 5 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 15 30 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 70 35 40 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 40 20 20 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 5 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 25 15 15 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 15 10 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,700 3,175 3,525 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 6,615 3,140 3,485 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,090 1,025 1,070 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 35 10 20 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 4,175 1,965 2,210 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 115 50 70 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 90 35 55 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 55 50 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 40 45 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 25 10 15 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 35 20 15 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 125 50 75 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 75 40 40 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 45 15 35 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 200 110 90 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 175 95 80 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 15 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 255 125 135 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 15 5 10 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 25 10 15 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 220 105 110 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 4,405 2,090 2,315 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,195 560 635 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 2,575 1,240 1,335 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 300 140 160 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 335 145 190 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 118,245 57,695 60,550 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 109,980 53,690 56,285 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 94,050 46,050 48,005 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 90,465 44,430 46,035 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 3,585 1,615 1,970 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 15,925 7,640 8,285 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 5 10 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,905 7,635 8,270 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,560 1,255 1,305 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 40 20 15 345 175 170
Kabyle 40 20 20 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 215 90 130 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 210 90 125 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 2,300 1,140 1,160 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 120 55 65 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 2,100 1,045 1,055 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 25 15 10 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 50 25 25 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 855 395 460 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 35 50 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 775 360 415 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 510 220 300 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 5 5 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 35 15 20 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 0 5 35 15 20
Malay 5 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 455 195 260 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 135 50 85 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 120 45 70 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 600 290 310 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 75 35 35 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 475 230 245 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 45 25 25 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 5,865 2,835 3,030 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 35 20 15 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 10 5 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,370 655 715 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,365 655 710 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 5 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 65 30 30 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 60 30 30 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 60 30 30 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 35 15 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 245 115 125 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 600 285 315 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 215 100 110 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 15 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 30 15 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 35 15 20 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 55 25 30 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 10 0 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 40 15 20 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 160 75 80 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,880 1,390 1,490 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 2,395 1,165 1,230 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 375 185 190 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 190 95 100 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 340 165 175 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 15 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 35 15 20 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 80 40 40 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 700 335 365 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 5 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 65 70 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 505 250 255 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 480 225 255 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 55 25 30 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 45 20 25 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 380 180 200 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,360 665 695 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 245 120 125 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 155 70 90 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 155 85 80 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 795 395 405 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 40 10 25 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 325 160 175 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 145 65 80 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 35 20 20 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 15 5 5 195 85 110
Igbo 15 10 5 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 20 5 10 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 50 25 25 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 30 15 15 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,565 2,215 2,350 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 4,505 2,190 2,315 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,250 605 645 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 20 10 15 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 3,085 1,505 1,575 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 15 25 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 25 35 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 15 5 10 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 30 10 15 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 55 25 35 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 45 20 25 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 10 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 115 60 60 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 105 50 55 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 5 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 75 35 40 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 0 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 75 35 40 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 8,265 4,005 4,265 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,075 495 580 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 6,430 3,160 3,270 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 170 80 90 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 590 270 325 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 118,245 57,695 60,550 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 91,730 45,320 46,410 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 9,510 4,595 4,915 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 5,885 2,595 3,290 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 10,045 4,700 5,350 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 25 5 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 10,020 4,690 5,330 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 295 135 160 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 290 140 150 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 485 215 270 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 93,720 45,355 48,370 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,690 42,895 45,800 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,031 53,080 38,951 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,720 42,895 45,825 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,646 45,717 34,639 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,485 40,645 41,845 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,544 52,609 37,809 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,455 25,620 33,830 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,424 860 3,529 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,590 35,365 35,225 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,792 51,740 39,370 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 93,765 45,410 48,350 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,845 42,970 45,875 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 55,126 64,535 46,314 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,865 42,970 45,895 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,080 51,752 38,834 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,655 40,670 41,990 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,900 64,863 45,250 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,545 25,560 33,985 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,042 5,287 6,611 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,670 35,375 35,295 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,517 63,387 45,627 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 93,765 45,405 48,355 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 38,190 20,710 17,480 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,515 72,649 60,224 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,923 83,375 64,910 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 95.0 89.5 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.3 80.3 75.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 4.9 10.5 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 93,720 45,350 48,370 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 5,030 2,460 2,570 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 88,690 42,890 45,800 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.6 94.6 94.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,960 5,180 6,780 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 11,810 4,775 7,040 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 8,670 3,665 5,005 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 7,890 3,330 4,555 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 7,905 3,425 4,480 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,490 3,365 4,120 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 6,945 3,455 3,490 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 5,515 2,915 2,605 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 5,135 2,820 2,315 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 4,390 2,400 1,995 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 10,980 7,565 3,415 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 8,140 5,385 2,755 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,845 2,180 660 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 93,720 45,350 48,365 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 5,000 2,460 2,545 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 88,720 42,890 45,825 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.7 94.6 94.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,425 5,265 7,160 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 12,325 5,040 7,280 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 10,175 4,315 5,855 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 9,775 4,200 5,580 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,010 4,470 5,540 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 9,120 4,470 4,650 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 7,340 3,945 3,395 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 6,315 3,520 2,790 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 11,245 7,665 3,580 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 4,145 2,550 1,595 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,430 1,625 805 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,660 3,490 1,170 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 93,720 45,350 48,365 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 23,125 9,985 13,135 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 70,590 35,365 35,225 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 75.3 78.0 72.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,610 3,565 4,045 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 4,875 2,130 2,750 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 7,945 3,505 4,440 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,310 2,865 3,450 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,695 2,560 3,130 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,950 2,630 3,315 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,730 2,555 3,175 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 5,325 2,590 2,730 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 4,185 2,215 1,975 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 16,960 10,750 6,210 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 4,255 2,300 1,955 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 3,745 2,070 1,675 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 8,960 6,380 2,580 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 41,095 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 101,984 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,832 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,915 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,767 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,963 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,185 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 113,608 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,528 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 41,125 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 119,080 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,401 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,950 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 63,440 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,384 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,180 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 130,393 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,757 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 41,100 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 325 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 230 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 375 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 440 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 575 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 670 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 795 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 890 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,000 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,105 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,355 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,725 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,780 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,890 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,875 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 21,080 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,995 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,635 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,935 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,515 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 41,095 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 355 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 230 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 465 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 650 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 795 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 945 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,130 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,340 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,430 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,265 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,505 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,685 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,350 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,135 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,435 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,225 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,350 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,855 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,255 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,796 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,536 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,760 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,895 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,995 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,995 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,003 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,604 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,675 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,448 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,829 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,225 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 130,728 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,845 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,765 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,288 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,355 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,990 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 149,850 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,259 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,675 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,348 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,478 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 10,280 4,755 5,530 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 48,332 49,621 47,488 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,678 42,348 41,162 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,310 4,925 5,380 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 53,762 56,083 51,637 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,241 45,458 43,126 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 117,835 57,565 60,275 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 39,260 18,755 20,505 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 6,235 3,010 3,225 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 6,695 3,165 3,530 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 7,500 3,565 3,935 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 8,735 4,185 4,550 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,095 4,825 5,270 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 78,570 38,805 39,765 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,805 5,670 6,130 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 13,885 6,745 7,135 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 16,440 8,105 8,335 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 19,565 9,760 9,805 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 16,885 8,525 8,360 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 117,835 57,560 60,275 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 29,060 14,730 14,335 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 8,820 4,495 4,325 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 75,665 36,635 39,035 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 13,110 6,200 6,910 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 8,740 4,110 4,635 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,040 1,550 1,480 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 935 465 475 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 4,975 2,275 2,700 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 725 275 455 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.4 7.1 7.7 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.3 11.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.2 6.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 5.5 4.4 6.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,425 3,545 3,875 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,320 1,160 1,155 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 705 340 370 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 4,645 2,225 2,425 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 455 165 295 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.3 6.2 6.4 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.0 7.9 8.1 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.0 7.6 8.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.1 6.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 3.5 2.7 4.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 117,840 57,625 60,215 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 115,670 56,835 58,830 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 115,155 56,635 58,515 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 35,430 16,090 19,335 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 40,430 19,105 21,325 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 35 10 20 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 25 10 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,400 19,095 21,305 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,705 3,420 3,280 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 20 10 15 925 505 415
Kabyle 20 10 10 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 670 300 370 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 15 0 15 355 200 160
Oromo 30 10 20 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 590 270 315 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 370 170 205
Semitic languages 6,105 3,145 2,965 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 275 150 125 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 5,510 2,850 2,655 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 240 115 125 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 10 0 10 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 130 60 70 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,035 990 1,045 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 335 140 195 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,700 850 845 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,670 615 1,055 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 65 30 40 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 35 20 20 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 140 55 85 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 50 15 35 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,565 580 980 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 755 335 415 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 75 35 40 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 585 260 325 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 100 40 55 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,365 680 685 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 40 25 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 185 70 115 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,015 510 505 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 190 100 95 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 18,870 8,970 9,905 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 135 50 80 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 40 25 10 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,325 1,480 1,850 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 80 35 40 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 10 15 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 55 35 25 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,260 1,450 1,815 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 105 50 55 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 145 60 80 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 340 165 175 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 230 95 140 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 0 0 0 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 760 325 440 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,265 595 665 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 330 160 170 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 45 15 30 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 150 75 80 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 245 85 160 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 30 20 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 15 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,705 795 910 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 65 35 30 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 50 20 30 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 290 145 145 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 0 10 1,655 820 835
German 1,150 515 635 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 50 15 35 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 40 25 20 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 65 40 25 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 685 340 350 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 7,340 3,635 3,705 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 6,180 3,045 3,135 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 775 375 400 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 550 280 270 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,500 1,235 1,260 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 10 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 125 70 60 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 150 70 80 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 25 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,775 915 855 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 90 35 50 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 360 160 200 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,775 905 865 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,260 660 605 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 165 75 95 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 80 35 40 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,080 575 505 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 6,175 2,895 3,275 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 0 10 515 275 240
Italian 2,365 1,130 1,240 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 590 310 280 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 385 190 195 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,100 1,400 1,705 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 315 130 180 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 15 0 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 15 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 605 285 315 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,040 480 555 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 110 55 50 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 10 0 10 385 195 185
Edo 10 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 30 20 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 15 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 25 10 15 1,225 550 675
Igbo 55 30 25 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 55 20 35 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 90 45 45 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 15 10 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 270 105 170 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 20 15 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 165 80 85 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 250 115 135 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 10 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 155 40 110 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 105 25 85 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,425 3,465 3,960 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 7,365 3,435 3,930 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,510 1,200 1,315 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 60 25 40 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 5,350 2,435 2,915 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 145 55 90 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 25 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 50 45 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 70 30 45 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 30 10 20 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 15 10 10 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 140 50 90 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 100 35 65 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 45 15 30 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 255 130 120 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 210 115 95 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 20 10 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 270 120 155 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 15 10 0 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 40 15 30 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 215 100 115 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 117,840 57,625 60,215 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 110,910 54,400 56,510 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 27,835 14,105 13,735 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 83,075 40,290 42,780 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,930 3,225 3,705 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 117,845 57,625 60,220 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 85,100 42,145 42,955 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 31,615 14,920 16,695 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 6,510 3,195 3,315 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 4,390 2,030 2,360 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 8,490 4,035 4,455 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 8,640 3,975 4,665 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 4,570 2,125 2,440 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 4,075 1,855 2,220 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,580 1,680 1,905 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,130 560 565 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 31,610 14,920 16,695 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,230 1,615 1,615 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 5,425 2,795 2,630 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 6,425 2,765 3,660 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 13,630 6,430 7,200 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,905 1,315 1,590 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 31,615 14,920 16,690 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 3,780 1,725 2,050 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 145 75 70 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 165 65 105 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 280 125 150 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 225 115 110 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 385 165 220 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 465 175 285 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 125 60 60 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 70 30 40 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 240 115 125 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 825 400 425 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 845 390 460 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 6,360 3,050 3,305 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 235 105 130 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 150 60 85 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 150 70 80 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 410 165 250 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 95 50 40 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 55 35 25 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 120 75 45 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 760 425 335 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 185 105 85 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 530 240 290 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 160 65 95 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 320 170 150 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 395 185 210 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 110 25 90 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 260 125 135 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,620 800 820 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 790 355 435 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 3,425 1,680 1,745 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 105 50 60 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 520 265 255 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 290 150 135 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 200 100 100 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 155 70 90 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 295 135 160 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 300 110 190 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 135 85 45 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,425 720 710 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 17,980 8,415 9,570 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 410 230 180 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 495 240 255 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,215 1,845 2,370 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 520 275 245 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 2,695 1,345 1,350 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 425 210 205 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 430 220 210 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 90 20 75 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 435 195 240 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 925 500 430 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 965 465 510 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,540 565 970 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 820 400 425 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 135 135 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 110 40 65 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,290 610 685 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 2,355 1,120 1,235 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 75 45 30 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,585 1,680 1,905 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 320 150 175 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 10 10 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 30 10 20 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 0 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 40 15 25 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 10 10 0 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 20 15 0 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 115 50 65 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 10 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 80 40 40 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 355 190 155 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 25 20 10 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 25 15 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 10 880 400 480
Romania 10 10 0 2,425 995 1,430