Census Profile, 2016 Census
Newmarket--Aurora [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Newmarket--Aurora
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Newmarket--Aurora [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Newmarket--Aurora [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 117,418 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 109,457 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 40,722 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 39,769 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,978.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 59.35 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 117,420 56,675 60,745 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 21,685 11,130 10,550 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,410 3,315 3,095 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,400 3,820 3,580 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 7,870 3,995 3,875 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 80,525 39,030 41,500 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,390 4,245 4,145 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,775 4,050 3,725 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,080 3,095 2,985 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 6,690 3,120 3,575 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 7,580 3,515 4,065 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,610 4,040 4,570 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,700 4,580 5,120 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 10,355 5,020 5,335 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,775 4,230 4,545 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,560 3,130 3,425 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 15,210 6,515 8,695 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,160 2,430 2,735 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,500 1,580 1,915 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,505 1,090 1,415 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,925 785 1,140 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,120 625 1,490 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,315 430 885 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 630 160 470 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 150 30 120 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.5 19.6 17.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.6 68.9 68.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.0 11.5 14.3 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.8 1.1 2.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.1 37.8 40.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.3 38.9 41.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 39,770 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,700 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,705 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 14,355 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,265 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 5,810 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,270 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,830 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 175 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 39,770 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 6,770 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 11,140 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,890 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 9,145 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,815 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 115,740 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,735 45,540 50,195 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 57,250 28,520 28,730 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 51,230 25,540 25,695 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 6,015 2,980 3,035 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 38,485 17,020 21,465 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 25,945 13,595 12,350 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,525 895 1,630 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,470 1,775 3,700 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,540 755 3,785 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,585 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 12,910 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,375 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 9,320 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,990 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,585 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 28,090 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 25,085 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,005 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,500 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,440 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,060 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,085 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 9,860 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 18,225 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,505 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 8,840 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,885 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,500 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,045 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,870 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 585 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,965 4,820 7,145 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 39,770 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 30,635 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 8,680 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,955 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,430 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,705 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 6,770 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 935 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 116,540 56,335 60,210 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 104,485 51,355 53,130 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 55 25 35 1,110 530 580
English and French 9,385 3,880 5,510 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,620 1,070 1,550 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 116,540 56,330 60,215 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 111,820 54,335 57,490 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,405 615 790 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 750 340 415 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,565 1,045 1,525 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,780 785 995 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 116,540 56,330 60,210 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 113,875 55,080 58,795 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 81,825 39,950 41,875 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 80,460 39,350 41,110 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,365 605 765 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 32,055 15,130 16,925 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,050 15,130 16,920 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,135 575 560 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 15 5 5 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 10 0 5 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,110 565 550 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 15 5 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 870 440 430 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 30 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 120 65 60 1,770 960 805
Maltese 45 20 25 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,105 505 600 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 630 290 340 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 475 220 260 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,320 475 845 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 35 15 20 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 45 20 30 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 45 20 25 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,150 405 740 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 35 15 20 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 625 320 305 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 25 15 15 225 115 110
Malayalam 110 60 50 1,750 905 845
Tamil 430 210 215 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 55 25 25 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 17,560 8,410 9,150 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 90 40 50 1,090 560 530
Armenian 200 105 95 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 5,130 2,400 2,735 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 105 40 65 645 280 370
Latvian 30 10 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 75 30 45 325 130 200
Slavic languages 5,030 2,360 2,665 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 25 15 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 20 10 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 80 45 40 1,725 805 915
Croatian 140 55 80 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 70 25 40 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 225 110 120 250 120 135
Polish 695 315 385 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 3,130 1,490 1,640 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 165 90 80 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 1,145 545 600
Slovak 60 20 35 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 35 545 250 290
Ukrainian 330 145 180 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,360 610 745 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 45 25 20 1,435 730 705
Danish 70 30 35 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 295 145 150 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 10 5 5 80 30 50
German 900 390 505 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 5 0 835 410 430
Swedish 25 10 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 790 385 405 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 4,560 2,220 2,340 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,680 835 845 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 110 60 50 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 305 150 155 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 225 105 115 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 25 15 10 535 280 255
Nepali 5 5 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170 85 80 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 50 25 25 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 30 40 1,455 730 725
Urdu 700 345 355 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 2,850 1,370 1,480 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 55 25 25 1,650 875 780
Pashto 20 5 10 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 2,775 1,335 1,440 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,415 2,635 2,785 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 5 125 65 55
Italian 2,225 1,140 1,090 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 660 320 345 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 940 440 500 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,590 735 855 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 160 65 95 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 20 10 10 65 40 25
Georgian 15 10 5 65 40 25
Korean 750 360 385 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 125 60 65 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 10 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 10 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 5 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 20 10 10 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 25 15 10 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 5 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,885 3,720 4,165 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 7,860 3,705 4,155 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 3,130 1,455 1,675 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 50 20 30 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 4,255 2,025 2,225 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 15 5 10 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 170 85 80 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 45 40 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 155 70 85 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 15 5 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 455 210 245 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 385 185 200 800 405 400
Thai 65 20 45 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 215 115 105 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 75 35 35 495 275 225
Turkish 120 65 50 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 635 280 355 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 50 20 30 455 195 260
Finnish 135 50 85 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 450 210 240 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,665 1,250 1,415 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 295 145 150 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,240 1,045 1,190 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 65 30 35 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 70 25 40 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 116,545 56,330 60,215 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 110,205 53,365 56,835 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 93,495 45,390 48,105 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 92,995 45,160 47,835 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 495 230 270 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 16,705 7,975 8,735 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,705 7,975 8,735 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 415 205 210 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 405 205 200 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 325 160 165 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 5 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 45 25 15 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 665 295 370 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 405 175 225 620 290 330
Vietnamese 260 120 140 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 445 190 255 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 10 5 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 15 5 15 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 5 0 5 5 0
Malay 15 10 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 385 165 220 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 315 145 165 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 45 15 20 885 450 435
Tamil 250 115 130 1,935 965 965
Telugu 10 5 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 7,870 3,730 4,135 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 45 20 25 530 255 270
Armenian 85 45 35 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 2,895 1,395 1,505 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 25 10 15 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 20 10 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 2,870 1,380 1,490 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 20 10 10 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 40 20 25 925 425 495
Croatian 30 15 20 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 65 25 35 120 60 60
Polish 265 120 145 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 2,195 1,070 1,125 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 75 35 35 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 10 435 205 235
Slovak 15 5 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 140 60 80 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 135 70 70 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 10 10 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 15 10 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 90 45 45 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 200 90 110 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 2,675 1,260 1,415 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 825 395 425 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 60 35 30 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 150 70 80 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 110 55 60 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 5 40 15 15
Marathi 15 10 5 245 125 120
Nepali 5 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 30 35 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 25 15 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 25 595 290 305
Urdu 345 165 185 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,845 860 990 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 25 10 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 5 0 5 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,815 840 970 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,830 855 970 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 330 150 180 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 180 85 95 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 535 250 285 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 780 370 405 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 85 45 45 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 15 10 10
Georgian 15 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 520 250 265 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 25 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 10 0 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 25 20 5 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,790 2,810 2,975 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,785 2,810 2,970 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 2,165 1,030 1,135 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 15 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 3,375 1,660 1,710 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 40 45 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 45 45 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 5 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 225 115 115 1,015 435 580
Lao 205 105 95 335 160 175
Thai 25 10 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 85 40 45 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 35 15 15 185 95 90
Turkish 50 20 30 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 5 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 210 95 120 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 30 10 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 170 75 95 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 6,340 2,970 3,375 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 190 85 100 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 6,050 2,845 3,205 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 5 5 0 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 100 35 60 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 116,540 56,330 60,210 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 97,695 47,555 50,140 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 7,550 3,660 3,890 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,375 575 800 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 9,565 4,385 5,185 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 5 0 5 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 9,565 4,385 5,175 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 75 35 35 965 435 530
English and non-official language 160 75 85 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 125 35 85 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 94,075 44,955 49,120 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 90,045 42,970 47,075 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,239 45,543 31,307 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 90,055 42,965 47,090 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,586 40,166 28,682 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,060 40,345 42,710 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,526 45,584 29,555 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,135 25,915 35,225 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,366 862 3,645 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,735 35,990 35,745 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,279 46,242 32,258 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 93,980 44,925 49,050 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,925 42,865 47,065 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,025 64,386 42,677 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,940 42,865 47,070 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,701 50,202 35,870 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,715 40,075 42,635 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,044 65,407 41,423 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,250 25,780 35,465 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,218 5,376 6,829 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,620 35,765 35,850 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,204 64,317 42,118 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 93,980 44,925 49,050 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 36,635 20,305 16,340 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,702 70,038 55,660 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 76,332 86,721 63,421 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.0 95.0 87.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 79.9 83.1 75.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.0 5.0 12.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 94,075 44,950 49,125 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,035 1,985 2,040 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 90,045 42,965 47,080 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.6 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,300 6,120 8,175 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,030 5,660 8,365 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,490 4,190 6,300 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,425 3,530 4,890 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 7,825 3,465 4,360 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,655 3,110 3,545 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 5,310 2,670 2,640 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,555 2,465 2,090 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,005 2,220 1,780 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,715 1,985 1,730 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 10,740 7,530 3,205 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 7,065 4,695 2,370 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,670 2,835 835 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 94,070 44,950 49,120 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,020 1,985 2,035 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 90,055 42,970 47,085 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.6 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,650 6,215 8,435 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 14,600 5,925 8,680 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 12,100 4,910 7,185 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,200 4,330 5,870 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 9,345 4,335 5,010 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 7,305 3,650 3,655 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,905 3,325 2,580 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 5,125 2,810 2,315 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 10,820 7,460 3,355 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,580 2,190 1,390 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,010 1,360 650 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 5,225 3,910 1,320 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 94,070 44,950 49,125 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 22,335 8,960 13,380 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 71,740 35,995 35,745 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 76.3 80.1 72.8 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,195 4,180 5,010 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,945 2,600 3,345 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,955 4,000 4,955 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,705 2,965 3,745 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,115 2,620 3,500 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,845 2,640 3,205 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,035 2,400 2,635 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,300 2,165 2,140 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,700 2,055 1,645 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 15,940 10,375 5,570 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,450 1,935 1,515 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,390 1,795 1,605 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 9,100 6,645 2,460 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 39,770 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,293 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,959 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,770 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,937 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,047 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,000 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,903 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,997 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 39,755 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 119,948 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 96,609 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,845 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,663 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,864 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,905 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 133,531 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,375 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 39,765 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 405 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 310 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 575 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 875 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,055 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,045 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,170 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,075 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,140 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,160 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,280 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,370 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,245 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,310 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,240 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,515 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,025 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,155 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,160 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,175 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 39,770 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 450 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 315 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 585 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 910 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,195 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,155 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,295 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,285 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,425 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,400 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,840 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,915 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,955 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,835 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,635 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,580 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,585 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,725 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,270 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 32,435 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,174 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,368 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,460 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,112 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,478 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,280 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,977 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,524 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,925 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,770 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,416 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 32,330 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 133,350 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,059 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,440 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,099 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,628 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,200 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 158,663 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,029 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,885 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,212 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,976 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,385 3,975 5,410 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,679 40,512 34,499 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,920 35,526 31,515 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 9,400 4,055 5,345 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,611 51,543 46,384 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,337 41,757 39,260 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 115,745 56,080 59,670 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 42,065 19,625 22,435 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 7,810 3,710 4,095 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 7,880 3,525 4,355 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 8,220 3,780 4,440 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 8,540 4,005 4,530 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,620 4,600 5,015 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 73,680 36,455 37,230 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 11,435 5,545 5,890 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 12,630 6,150 6,480 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 14,925 7,335 7,595 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 16,845 8,375 8,465 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 17,835 9,045 8,795 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 115,745 56,075 59,665 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 26,635 13,650 12,985 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 7,770 3,995 3,780 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 75,085 36,230 38,855 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 14,020 6,190 7,830 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,295 5,220 6,075 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,300 1,750 1,550 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 990 520 465 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 6,665 3,035 3,630 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,330 430 895 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.8 9.3 10.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 12.4 12.8 11.9 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.7 13.0 12.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.4 9.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.5 6.9 11.4 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,065 4,245 4,825 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,510 1,330 1,175 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 740 395 350 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 5,675 2,640 3,035 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 880 275 605 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.6 8.1 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.4 9.7 9.0 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.5 9.9 9.3 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.6 7.3 7.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 6.3 4.4 7.7 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 115,665 56,065 59,600 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 112,985 54,970 58,015 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 112,920 54,940 57,980 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 9,415 3,785 5,630 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 39,395 18,515 20,885 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,390 18,510 20,870 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,800 875 920 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 0 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 10 0 10 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,775 865 905 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 15 10 10 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,190 525 665 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 505 300 205 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 55 25 30 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,520 690 835 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 905 405 495 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 625 285 345 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,635 570 1,060 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 90 20 70 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 55 15 35 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 10 0 10 0 0
Malay 60 15 40 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,510 530 980 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 55 35 25 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 35 30 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 830 400 430 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 75 35 35 445 210 235
Malayalam 170 85 90 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 545 260 285 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 85 40 45 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 23,000 11,015 11,985 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 80 30 50 1,135 580 555
Armenian 265 135 130 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 6,150 2,965 3,185 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 125 50 70 635 310 325
Latvian 55 25 30 310 175 140
Lithuanian 70 25 45 325 135 185
Slavic languages 6,085 2,935 3,150 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 45 35 20 205 95 110
Bosnian 30 15 15 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 80 50 30 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 235 110 125 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 110 60 55 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 395 200 195 345 180 160
Polish 750 335 420 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 4,105 1,985 2,120 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 210 120 80 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 100 40 65 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 35 50 725 330 400
Ukrainian 615 285 335 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 55 25 25 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 15 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,070 895 1,175 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 90 45 45 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 75 25 50 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 460 190 270 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 15 10 10 120 55 65
German 1,400 620 780 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 10 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 40 10 25 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 20 15 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,075 525 550 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 5,920 2,830 3,090 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 2,475 1,230 1,245 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 175 100 75 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 535 240 285 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 905 505 405 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 60 25 35 375 185 190
Marathi 55 40 20 1,275 650 625
Nepali 25 0 25 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 460 225 235 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 40 20 15 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 200 100 100 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 760 385 375 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 3,470 1,620 1,855 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 185 85 100 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 10 10 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 3,340 1,565 1,780 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 8,060 3,900 4,160 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,465 1,850 1,610 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 915 420 495 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,205 555 650 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,830 1,250 1,575 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 220 130 85
Japanese 225 100 125 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 15 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 15 10 10 90 50 45
Korean 915 455 465 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 10 0 10 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 240 140 105 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 20 10 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 15 0 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 25 15 10 105 60 45
Igbo 20 10 15 240 140 95
Lingala 10 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 15 10 10 265 125 140
Swahili 100 60 40 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 25 0 15 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 180 65 120 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 95 35 60 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 30 55 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,935 4,155 4,780 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 8,910 4,155 4,755 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 3,800 1,685 2,120 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 55 25 35 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 5,930 2,800 3,125 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 190 95 95 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 60 70 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 60 85 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 10 30 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 45 10 30 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 490 230 260 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 410 210 205 1,125 505 620
Thai 110 30 80 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 305 145 155 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 100 45 55 835 455 385
Turkish 210 100 115 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 645 310 335 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 65 30 30 495 205 295
Finnish 165 60 105 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 420 215 200 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 115,665 56,060 59,600 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 108,175 52,770 55,405 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,630 13,185 12,450 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 82,545 39,590 42,955 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,490 3,295 4,195 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 115,665 56,065 59,605 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 80,455 39,800 40,655 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 34,420 15,925 18,495 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 8,685 4,085 4,605 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,515 2,140 2,375 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 7,470 3,430 4,040 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 10,060 4,610 5,455 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 5,410 2,500 2,910 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 4,655 2,110 2,545 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,680 1,655 2,025 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 795 345 450 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 34,420 15,925 18,495 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,615 1,755 1,855 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 6,340 3,250 3,090 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 6,875 2,890 3,985 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 14,505 6,725 7,785 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,085 1,305 1,775 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 34,420 15,925 18,495 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 4,325 1,965 2,360 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 170 90 75 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 380 185 195 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 180 75 105 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 405 165 235 920 415 500
Haiti 0 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 780 360 420 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 150 60 90 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 195 80 120 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 400 205 190 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 795 330 460 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 875 400 470 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 11,760 5,545 6,215 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 35 35 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 105 45 60 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 65 30 30 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 520 245 275 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 370 195 175 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 175 85 90 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 155 60 90 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,185 645 540 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 355 165 190 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 525 230 295 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 310 110 200 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 895 395 500 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,280 630 645 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 140 65 75 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 820 380 445 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,210 1,445 1,765 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,585 785 805 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,335 665 670 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 245 100 145 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 15 0 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 95 45 50 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 35 10 20 730 385 340
Nigeria 95 45 50 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 255 125 130 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 585 335 250 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 16,895 7,700 9,195 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 250 120 125 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 85 40 45 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,475 2,085 2,395 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,185 535 650 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,145 580 575 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,495 1,190 1,305 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 180 75 105 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 40 15 30 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 655 320 335 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 255 115 140 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 465 230 240 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,500 525 970 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 520 250 270 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 80 40 40 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 270 115 155 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 655 280 380 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 2,625 1,190 1,440 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 95 40 55 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,680 1,660 2,025 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 300 155 140 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 35 15 20 960 445 520
Colombia 30 10 20 465 220 240
Cuba 15 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 15 15 0 160 115 45
Mexico 50 20 25 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 55 30 25 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 85 50 35 1,855 875 975
Europe 695 340 355 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 10 0 790 415 370
Germany 15 15 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 90 55 30 200 110 90
Romania 20