Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Niagara Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Niagara Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 109,067 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 105,860 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,640 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,409 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 362.0 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 301.26 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 109,070 53,090 55,975 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 16,385 8,435 7,950 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,050 2,615 2,440 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 5,490 2,790 2,700 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 5,840 3,030 2,815 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 70,810 34,705 36,105 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 6,490 3,290 3,200 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,565 3,750 3,815 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,405 3,240 3,165 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 5,980 2,940 3,045 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 5,835 2,855 2,980 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 6,395 3,065 3,330 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,130 3,460 3,670 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,665 4,255 4,405 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,570 4,160 4,405 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,775 3,685 4,090 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 21,875 9,950 11,920 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,925 3,420 3,505 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 5,250 2,515 2,735 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,745 1,740 2,010 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,815 1,185 1,630 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,135 1,085 2,045 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,010 765 1,245 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 900 275 620 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 210 45 165 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 0 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.9 14.2 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.4 64.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 20.1 18.7 21.3 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.9 2.0 3.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.0 42.0 44.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.6 43.4 45.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,715 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,110 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,440 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,870 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,930 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,220 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,175 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 245 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 145 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 13,100 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,370 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 6,985 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 5,875 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,085 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,230 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 92,680 44,655 48,025 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 51,285 25,630 25,655 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 42,365 21,185 21,185 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 8,925 4,450 4,475 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 41,395 19,020 22,370 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 25,060 13,505 11,555 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,605 1,610 2,000 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,195 2,580 3,620 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 6,525 1,325 5,200 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,315 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,050 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 6,645 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 5,435 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,185 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,315 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 25,170 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 20,705 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,465 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,145 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,865 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,285 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,170 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 13,275 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 11,895 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 4,945 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 4,940 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,010 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,145 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,775 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,700 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 665 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,735 9,330 10,410 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,780 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,625 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,155 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 760 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,870 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 13,095 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,770 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 107,725 52,520 55,200 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 94,975 46,895 48,085 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 215 85 135 1,110 530 580
English and French 11,980 5,335 6,645 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 545 200 345 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 107,725 52,520 55,205 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 100,770 49,380 51,380 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 6,095 2,795 3,300 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 330 150 185 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 530 190 340 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,260 2,865 3,390 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 5.8 5.5 6.1 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 107,725 52,520 55,205 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 106,050 51,710 54,345 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 93,810 45,950 47,860 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 87,425 43,010 44,420 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 6,385 2,945 3,440 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 12,240 5,755 6,480 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,225 5,750 6,475 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 695 365 335 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 15 5 15 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 680 360 320 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 15 5 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 555 295 265 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 25 20 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 50 25 25 80 40 40
Tigrigna 15 5 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 65 75 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 20 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 105 50 55 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 325 115 205 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 25 10 15 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 25 10 15 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 5 0 5 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 265 95 175 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 75 35 40 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 25 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 110 55 55 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 5 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 50 25 30 1,750 905 845
Tamil 50 20 25 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 0 5 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 8,370 3,950 4,425 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 25 15 15 1,090 560 530
Armenian 10 5 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,955 875 1,075 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 40 15 25 645 280 370
Latvian 15 0 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 25 10 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,915 865 1,050 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 40 25 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 20 15 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 290 140 155 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 60 30 25 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 15 5 10 250 120 135
Polish 695 300 395 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 185 80 100 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 55 20 30 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 140 65 75 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 25 30 545 250 290
Ukrainian 340 150 190 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,350 640 710 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 5 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 10 10 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 545 260 280 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 15 5 5 80 30 50
German 715 340 375 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 115 55 55 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 630 315 315 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 525 265 265 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 40 15 20 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 90 45 50 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 100 60 40 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 10 0 0 535 280 255
Nepali 0 0 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 35 55 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 5 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 5 1,455 730 725
Urdu 185 90 90 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 105 55 50 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 15 10 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 10 5 5 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 40 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,295 2,035 2,255 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 5 0 125 65 55
Italian 3,170 1,510 1,660 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 225 115 115 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 65 30 30 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 825 380 445 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 40 10 25 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 320 150 170 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 145 80 70 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 20 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 5 5 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 25 10 15 150 70 85
Swahili 20 10 10 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 20 15 10 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 15 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 10 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,225 565 660 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,220 560 660 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 210 95 120 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 930 425 505 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 10 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 35 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 35 20 20 800 405 400
Thai 20 5 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 50 25 20 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 40 20 15 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 645 295 345 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 25 10 15 455 195 260
Finnish 25 10 15 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 590 275 315 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,675 810 865 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 720 360 360 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 880 410 465 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 50 25 20 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 30 10 15 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 107,725 52,520 55,205 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 105,145 51,380 53,760 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 100,690 49,340 51,355 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 98,725 48,515 50,210 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,965 820 1,140 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 4,450 2,045 2,410 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,455 2,040 2,405 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 305 155 150 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 305 155 150 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 5 0 535 250 290
Arabic 260 125 135 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 10 5 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 10 5 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 25 40 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 55 20 35 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 105 45 55 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 10 0 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 5 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 40 45 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 50 25 25 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 35 15 25 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 20 10 15 885 450 435
Tamil 20 5 10 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 2,515 1,110 1,405 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 15 5 10 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 585 260 320 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 575 260 315 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 30 20 10 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 80 30 45 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 5 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 10 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 215 100 110 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 100 45 55 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 20 5 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 25 10 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 65 25 40 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 75 40 40 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 15 5 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 60 30 25 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 35 20 15 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 335 170 165 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 290 145 145 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 15 10 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 70 35 35 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 40 25 20 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 20 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 5 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 595 290 305
Urdu 105 55 50 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 45 20 20 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 15 5 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 5 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 30 10 15 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,475 610 865 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 955 380 580 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 70 30 40 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 25 10 10 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 420 190 230 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 15 5 10 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 235 110 125 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 10 5 10 40 15 20
Swahili 5 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 20 15 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 880 430 450 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 880 430 450 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 120 55 65 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 715 345 370 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 30 15 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 15 1,015 435 580
Lao 20 10 10 335 160 175
Thai 10 0 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 25 15 5 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 185 95 90
Turkish 20 10 10 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 140 60 75 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 130 65 70 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 2,585 1,140 1,440 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 510 195 315 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 2,005 915 1,090 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 25 10 15 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 107,725 52,520 55,205 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 97,580 47,870 49,710 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 2,950 1,340 1,610 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 3,150 1,400 1,750 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 3,910 1,845 2,065 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 30 15 15 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 3,880 1,835 2,050 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 30 15 20 965 435 530
English and non-official language 40 20 20 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 65 30 40 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 90,860 43,855 47,010 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,455 42,320 45,135 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,072 36,421 25,251 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,480 42,320 45,160 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,783 33,127 23,789 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,230 37,790 38,440 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,911 33,530 21,476 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,655 30,680 36,975 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,418 7,190 7,556 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,030 31,735 29,295 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,041 32,643 24,562 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 90,900 43,875 47,020 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,530 42,280 45,255 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,460 44,785 32,552 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,555 42,275 45,280 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,163 37,961 28,683 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,220 37,720 38,505 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,399 43,272 29,666 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,740 30,665 37,075 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,740 8,516 8,925 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,045 31,785 29,265 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,315 40,906 31,328 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 90,895 43,875 47,025 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,505 15,380 12,125 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,611 52,971 41,854 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,092 60,610 48,096 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.6 86.5 77.5 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.2 69.3 62.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.4 13.5 22.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 90,860 43,855 47,010 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,405 1,535 1,870 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 87,455 42,320 45,140 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.5 96.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,440 5,210 7,230 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 16,625 6,395 10,230 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 14,555 5,740 8,810 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 11,690 5,760 5,930 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 9,510 4,900 4,605 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,715 3,860 2,855 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,555 2,845 1,715 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,035 1,980 1,050 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,190 1,435 755 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,990 1,185 805 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 4,145 2,995 1,155 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,170 2,230 940 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 975 760 215 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 90,860 43,855 47,005 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,380 1,535 1,845 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 87,480 42,315 45,160 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.5 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,795 5,275 7,520 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 17,385 6,725 10,665 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 16,835 6,895 9,940 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 13,440 6,875 6,565 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,170 5,545 4,625 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,105 3,830 2,275 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 3,750 2,435 1,315 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,820 1,795 1,030 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 4,170 2,945 1,225 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,690 1,090 605 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 850 605 240 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,630 1,250 375 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 90,860 43,850 47,010 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 29,830 12,120 17,715 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 61,030 31,730 29,295 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 67.2 72.4 62.3 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,590 5,820 4,775 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,125 2,205 2,920 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,715 3,770 4,945 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,535 3,220 4,310 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,685 3,080 3,610 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,010 2,935 3,070 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,490 2,630 1,860 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 2,995 1,955 1,040 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,225 1,505 725 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 6,650 4,615 2,035 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,745 1,155 590 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,790 1,050 740 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,115 2,410 715 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,885 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,128 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,100 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,065 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,673 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,310 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,496 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,558 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,345 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,243 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,037 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,090 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,536 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,614 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,260 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,134 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,785 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 635 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 600 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,650 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,980 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,465 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,165 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,400 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,255 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,295 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,215 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,080 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,515 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,160 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,710 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,410 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,870 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,270 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,625 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,480 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,500 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,410 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 660 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 610 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,665 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,065 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,775 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,460 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,680 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,560 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,630 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,600 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,620 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,000 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,410 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,285 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,600 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,670 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,905 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,015 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,985 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,772 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,666 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,310 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,520 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,371 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,075 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,967 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,826 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,720 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,034 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,533 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,885 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,737 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,206 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,175 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,324 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,008 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,135 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,618 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,309 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,655 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,511 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,187 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 17,530 8,385 9,145 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,537 29,150 24,894 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,916 26,924 23,931 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 17,460 8,360 9,105 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,080 36,704 31,671 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,740 31,430 28,189 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 107,230 52,280 54,945 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 61,230 28,960 32,270 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 12,380 5,850 6,535 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 12,425 5,485 6,945 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 12,275 5,695 6,580 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 12,180 5,960 6,220 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 11,970 5,970 5,995 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 45,995 23,320 22,675 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 11,295 5,655 5,635 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 10,620 5,400 5,215 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 9,560 4,855 4,710 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 8,570 4,385 4,185 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 5,955 3,025 2,930 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 107,225 52,280 54,945 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 20,150 10,340 9,810 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 6,050 3,140 2,910 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 66,500 32,455 34,045 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 20,575 9,485 11,090 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,995 8,155 9,840 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,520 2,305 2,215 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,565 805 760 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 11,095 5,070 6,025 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,375 780 1,600 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.8 15.6 17.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.4 22.3 22.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 25.9 25.6 26.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.7 15.6 17.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.5 8.2 14.4 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,365 4,495 4,870 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,935 950 985 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 675 320 350 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 7,055 3,405 3,650 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 380 145 235 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.6 8.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.2 10.0 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.2 10.2 12.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 10.5 10.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.5 2.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 107,250 52,320 54,930 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 106,685 52,105 54,580 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 106,425 52,010 54,420 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 12,115 5,380 6,735 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 15,185 7,375 7,810 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 30 25 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,155 7,350 7,805 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 995 555 435 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 970 550 420 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 25 10 15 1,755 905 855
Arabic 815 465 345 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 25 15 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 85 40 45 165 90 80
Tigrigna 25 20 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 35 55 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 75 35 45 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 325 115 210 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 10 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 0 0 10 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 10 10 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 310 110 195 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 160 65 95 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 90 35 50 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 140 75 65 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 25 10 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 45 25 25 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 60 25 35 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 25 20 10 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 10,535 5,120 5,410 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 20 10 10 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 10 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,080 935 1,145 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 45 10 30 635 310 325
Latvian 20 0 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 20 10 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,035 920 1,110 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 60 35 30 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 10 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 340 175 165 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 75 35 35 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 10 10 0 345 180 160
Polish 830 325 505 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 195 100 90 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 85 45 40 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 115 50 65 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 40 20 725 330 400
Ukrainian 365 165 205 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,555 775 775 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 30 10 20 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 15 10 10 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 560 285 270 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 10 10 120 55 65
German 935 460 480 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 10 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 10 0 0 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 110 70 45 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 920 500 425 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 790 435 355 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 60 30 30 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 95 50 45 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 340 195 145 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 15 10 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 245 120 125 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 15 10 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 25 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 280 145 135 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 125 60 65 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 40 15 25 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 100 45 55 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 6,005 2,900 3,105 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,100 1,995 2,105 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 345 165 180 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 105 55 55 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,635 770 865 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 105 35 70 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 280 155 125 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 325 155 170 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 55 25 30 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 10 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 20 10 10 240 140 95
Lingala 30 20 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 210 95 115
Shona 45 20 20 265 125 140
Swahili 55 30 20 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 65 30 35 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 215 115 100 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 150 85 65 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,425 705 715 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,420 705 705 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 275 150 125 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,155 575 580 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 25 45 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 105 45 60 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 55 30 30 1,125 505 620
Thai 60 25 35 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 35 20 10 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 10 835 455 385
Turkish 0 10 0 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 20 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 715 320 395 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 35 15 25 495 205 295
Finnish 25 10 15 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 655 300 360 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 107,250 52,320 54,930 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 103,485 50,630 52,860 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,775 10,255 9,525 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 83,710 40,370 43,340 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,765 1,695 2,065 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 107,250 52,320 54,930 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 92,600 45,305 47,295 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 13,240 6,315 6,920 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,320 3,530 3,790 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,390 615 770 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 1,455 680 775 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 2,035 960 1,080 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 940 410 530 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 1,100 550 550 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,035 530 510 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,415 700 715 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 13,235 6,315 6,920 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,900 1,015 880 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 3,090 1,595 1,495 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 3,240 1,470 1,770 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 4,225 1,885 2,340 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 790 350 430 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,235 6,315 6,920 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 2,380 995 1,380 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 20 15 10 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 160 65 90 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 145 65 75 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 35 15 25 920 415 500
Haiti 95 40 55 265 110 160
Jamaica 175 110 70 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 50 20 35 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 55 25 30 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 120 50 65 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,055 370 685 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 470 225 245 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 7,745 3,780 3,965 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 25 40 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 235 140 95 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 55 25 25 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 440 215 225 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 55 40 15 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 340 170 170 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 45 20 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,430 1,210 1,220 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 525 315 210 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 550 220 330 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 170 90 80 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 115 60 50 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 50 10 30 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 10 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 115 55 60 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,955 885 1,070 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 565 250 315 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 690 355 335 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 20 10 20 430 270 150
Egypt 55 35 25 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 20 15 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 20 10 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 0 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 90 40 50 1,205 630 575
Somalia 20 10 10 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 60 20 40 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 395 215 175 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 2,400 1,160 1,240 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 40 10 20 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 25 20 10 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 420 205 215 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 25 40 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 435 210 230 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 70 35 30 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 15 0 15 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 30 0 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 165 95 65 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 70 45 25 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 185 100 85 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 295 100 195 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 50 30 15 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 100 45 55 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 10 0 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 75 35 40 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 355 185 165 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 25 20 0 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,035 525 505 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 300 175 125 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 20 10 10 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 35 10 20 15 0 10
Jamaica 50 40 10 160 115 45
Mexico 15 0 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 90 45 45 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 45 35 15 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 35 20 15 1,855 875 975
Europe 115 55 55 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 10 10 0