Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Niagara Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Niagara Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 109,067 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 105,860 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,640 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,409 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 362.0 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 301.26 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 109,070 53,090 55,975 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 16,385 8,435 7,950 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,050 2,615 2,440 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,490 2,790 2,700 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,840 3,030 2,815 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 70,810 34,705 36,105 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,490 3,290 3,200 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 7,565 3,750 3,815 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 6,405 3,240 3,165 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 5,980 2,940 3,045 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 5,835 2,855 2,980 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,395 3,065 3,330 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 7,130 3,460 3,670 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,665 4,255 4,405 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,570 4,160 4,405 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 7,775 3,685 4,090 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 21,875 9,950 11,920 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 6,925 3,420 3,505 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 5,250 2,515 2,735 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,745 1,740 2,010 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,815 1,185 1,630 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,135 1,085 2,045 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,010 765 1,245 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 900 275 620 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 210 45 165 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 0 15 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.9 14.2 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.4 64.5 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 20.1 18.7 21.3 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.9 2.0 3.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.0 42.0 44.0 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 44.6 43.4 45.7 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,410 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,715 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,110 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,440 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,870 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 1,930 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,220 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,175 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 245 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 145 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,410 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 13,100 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 16,370 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 6,985 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 5,875 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,085 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,230 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 92,680 44,655 48,025 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 51,285 25,630 25,655 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 42,365 21,185 21,185 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 8,925 4,450 4,475 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 41,395 19,020 22,370 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 25,060 13,505 11,555 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,605 1,610 2,000 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,195 2,580 3,620 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 6,525 1,325 5,200 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,315 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 17,050 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 6,645 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 5,435 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,185 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,315 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 25,170 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 20,705 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,465 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,145 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,865 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,285 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,170 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 13,275 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 11,895 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 4,945 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 4,940 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 2,010 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,145 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,775 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,700 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 665 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,735 9,330 10,410 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,410 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,780 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,625 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,155 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 760 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,870 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 13,095 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,770 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 107,725 52,520 55,200 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 94,975 46,895 48,085 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 215 85 135 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 11,980 5,335 6,645 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 545 200 345 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 107,725 52,520 55,205 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 100,770 49,380 51,380 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 6,095 2,795 3,300 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 330 150 185 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 530 190 340 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,260 2,865 3,390 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 5.8 5.5 6.1 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 107,725 52,520 55,205 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 106,050 51,710 54,345 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 93,810 45,950 47,860 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 87,425 43,010 44,420 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 6,385 2,945 3,440 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 12,240 5,755 6,480 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 5 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 5 0 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,225 5,750 6,475 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 695 365 335 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 15 5 15 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 680 360 320 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 15 5 5 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 555 295 265 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 25 20 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 50 25 25 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 15 5 10 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 65 75 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 20 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 105 50 55 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 325 115 205 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 25 10 15 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 25 10 15 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 5 0 5 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 265 95 175 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 75 35 40 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 50 25 25 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 110 55 55 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 0 5 0 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 50 25 30 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 50 20 25 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 0 5 5 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 8,370 3,950 4,425 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 25 15 15 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 10 5 0 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 1,955 875 1,075 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 40 15 25 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 15 0 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 25 10 10 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 1,915 865 1,050 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 40 25 15 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 20 15 5 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 290 140 155 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 60 30 25 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 15 5 10 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 695 300 395 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 185 80 100 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 55 20 30 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 140 65 75 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 25 30 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 340 150 190 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 0 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 5 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,350 640 710 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 15 5 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 25 10 10 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 545 260 280 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 15 5 5 1,240 630 620
German 715 340 375 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 15 5 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 115 55 55 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 630 315 315 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 525 265 265 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 40 15 20 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 90 45 50 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 100 60 40 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 0 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 10 0 0 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 0 0 5 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 35 55 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 0 5 0 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 5 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 185 90 90 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 105 55 50 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 15 10 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 10 5 5 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 40 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 4,295 2,035 2,255 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 3,170 1,510 1,660 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 225 115 115 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 65 30 30 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 825 380 445 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 40 10 25 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 320 150 170 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 145 80 70 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 25 20 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 0 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 5 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 25 10 15 1,455 660 790
Swahili 20 10 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 20 15 10 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 20 15 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 10 10 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,225 565 660 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,220 560 660 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 210 95 120 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 0 0 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 930 425 505 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 10 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 35 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 35 20 20 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 5 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 50 25 20 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 40 20 15 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 645 295 345 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 25 10 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 25 10 15 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 590 275 315 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 1,675 810 865 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 720 360 360 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 880 410 465 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 50 25 20 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 30 10 15 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 107,725 52,520 55,205 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 105,145 51,380 53,760 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 100,690 49,340 51,355 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 98,725 48,515 50,210 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,965 820 1,140 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 4,450 2,045 2,410 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,455 2,040 2,405 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 305 155 150 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 0 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 305 155 150 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 5 5 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 260 125 135 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 10 10 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 10 5 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 25 40 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 55 20 35 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 105 45 55 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 10 0 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 5 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 40 45 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 50 25 25 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 35 15 25 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 20 10 15 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 20 5 10 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 0 0 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 2,515 1,110 1,405 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 15 5 10 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 0 0 0 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 585 260 320 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 0 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 575 260 315 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 30 20 10 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 5 0 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 80 30 45 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 15 5 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 10 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 215 100 110 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 100 45 55 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 20 5 10 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 25 10 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 65 25 40 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 75 40 40 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 15 5 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 60 30 25 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 35 20 15 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 335 170 165 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 290 145 145 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 15 10 10 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 70 35 35 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 40 25 20 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 5 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 0 0 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 20 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 5 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 105 55 50 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 45 20 20 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 15 5 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 0 5 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 30 10 15 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,475 610 865 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 955 380 580 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 70 30 40 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 25 10 10 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 420 190 230 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 15 5 10 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 235 110 125 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 5 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 10 455 210 245
Swahili 5 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 20 15 10 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 5 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 880 430 450 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 880 430 450 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 120 55 65 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 715 345 370 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 30 15 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 15 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 20 10 10 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 10 0 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 25 15 5 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 20 10 10 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 140 60 75 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 5 790 290 500
Finnish 5 5 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 130 65 70 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 2,585 1,140 1,440 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 510 195 315 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 2,005 915 1,090 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 25 10 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 107,725 52,520 55,205 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 97,580 47,870 49,710 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 2,950 1,340 1,610 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 3,150 1,400 1,750 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 3,910 1,845 2,065 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 30 15 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 3,880 1,835 2,050 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 30 15 20 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 40 20 20 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 65 30 40 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 90,860 43,855 47,010 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,455 42,320 45,135 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,072 36,421 25,251 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,480 42,320 45,160 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,783 33,127 23,789 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,230 37,790 38,440 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,911 33,530 21,476 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,655 30,680 36,975 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,418 7,190 7,556 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,030 31,735 29,295 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,041 32,643 24,562 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 90,900 43,875 47,020 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,530 42,280 45,255 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,460 44,785 32,552 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,555 42,275 45,280 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,163 37,961 28,683 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,220 37,720 38,505 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,399 43,272 29,666 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,740 30,665 37,075 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,740 8,516 8,925 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,045 31,785 29,265 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,315 40,906 31,328 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 90,895 43,875 47,025 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,505 15,380 12,125 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,611 52,971 41,854 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,092 60,610 48,096 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.6 86.5 77.5 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.2 69.3 62.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.4 13.5 22.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 90,860 43,855 47,010 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,405 1,535 1,870 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 87,455 42,320 45,140 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.5 96.0 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,440 5,210 7,230 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 16,625 6,395 10,230 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 14,555 5,740 8,810 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 11,690 5,760 5,930 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,510 4,900 4,605 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,715 3,860 2,855 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,555 2,845 1,715 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,035 1,980 1,050 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 2,190 1,435 755 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 1,990 1,185 805 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 4,145 2,995 1,155 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 3,170 2,230 940 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 975 760 215 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 90,860 43,855 47,005 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,380 1,535 1,845 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 87,480 42,315 45,160 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.5 96.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,795 5,275 7,520 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 17,385 6,725 10,665 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 16,835 6,895 9,940 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 13,440 6,875 6,565 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,170 5,545 4,625 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 6,105 3,830 2,275 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 3,750 2,435 1,315 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 2,820 1,795 1,030 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 4,170 2,945 1,225 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 1,690 1,090 605 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 850 605 240 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 1,630 1,250 375 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 90,860 43,850 47,010 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 29,830 12,120 17,715 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 61,030 31,730 29,295 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 67.2 72.4 62.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,590 5,820 4,775 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,125 2,205 2,920 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 8,715 3,770 4,945 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,535 3,220 4,310 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,685 3,080 3,610 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,010 2,935 3,070 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,490 2,630 1,860 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 2,995 1,955 1,040 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,225 1,505 725 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 6,650 4,615 2,035 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 1,745 1,155 590 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 1,790 1,050 740 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 3,115 2,410 715 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,410 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,885 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,128 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,100 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,065 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,673 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,310 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,496 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,558 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,345 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,243 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,037 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,090 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,536 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,614 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,260 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,134 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,785 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,410 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 635 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 600 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,650 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,980 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,465 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,165 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,400 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,255 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,295 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,215 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,080 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,515 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,160 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,710 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,410 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,870 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,270 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,625 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,480 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,500 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,410 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 660 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 610 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,665 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,065 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,775 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,460 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,680 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,560 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,630 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,600 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,620 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,000 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,410 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,285 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,600 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,670 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,905 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,015 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,985 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,772 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,666 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,310 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,520 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,371 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,075 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,967 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,826 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,720 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,034 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,533 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,885 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,737 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,206 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,175 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,324 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,008 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,135 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,618 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,309 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,655 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,511 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,187 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 17,530 8,385 9,145 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,537 29,150 24,894 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,916 26,924 23,931 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 17,460 8,360 9,105 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,080 36,704 31,671 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,740 31,430 28,189 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 107,230 52,280 54,945 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 61,230 28,960 32,270 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 12,380 5,850 6,535 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 12,425 5,485 6,945 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 12,275 5,695 6,580 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 12,180 5,960 6,220 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 11,970 5,970 5,995 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 45,995 23,320 22,675 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,295 5,655 5,635 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 10,620 5,400 5,215 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 9,560 4,855 4,710 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 8,570 4,385 4,185 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 5,955 3,025 2,930 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 107,225 52,280 54,945 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 20,150 10,340 9,810 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 6,050 3,140 2,910 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 66,500 32,455 34,045 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 20,575 9,485 11,090 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,995 8,155 9,840 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 4,520 2,305 2,215 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,565 805 760 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 11,095 5,070 6,025 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,375 780 1,600 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.8 15.6 17.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 22.4 22.3 22.6 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 25.9 25.6 26.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 16.7 15.6 17.7 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.5 8.2 14.4 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,365 4,495 4,870 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,935 950 985 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 675 320 350 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 7,055 3,405 3,650 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 380 145 235 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.6 8.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.2 10.0 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.2 10.2 12.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 10.5 10.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.5 2.1 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 107,250 52,320 54,930 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 106,685 52,105 54,580 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 106,425 52,010 54,420 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 12,115 5,380 6,735 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 15,185 7,375 7,810 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 30 25 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,155 7,350 7,805 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 995 555 435 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 10 10 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 0 0 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 970 550 420 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 25 10 15 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 815 465 345 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 25 15 10 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 85 40 45 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 25 20 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 35 55 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 10 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 75 35 45 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 325 115 210 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 10 10 10 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 0 0 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 0 0 10 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 10 10 0 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 310 110 195 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 160 65 95 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 90 35 50 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 140 75 65 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 25 10 10 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 45 25 25 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 60 25 35 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 25 20 10 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 10,535 5,120 5,410 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 20 10 10 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 0 10 0 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 2,080 935 1,145 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 45 10 30 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 0 20 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 20 10 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 2,035 920 1,110 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 60 35 30 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 10 0 0 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 340 175 165 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 75 35 35 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 10 10 0 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 830 325 505 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 195 100 90 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 85 45 40 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 115 50 65 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 40 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 365 165 205 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 10 0 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,555 775 775 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 30 10 20 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 15 10 10 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 560 285 270 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 10 10 1,655 820 835
German 935 460 480 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 10 0 0 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 110 70 45 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 920 500 425 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 790 435 355 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 60 30 30 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 95 50 45 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 340 195 145 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 15 10 10 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 0 0 0 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 245 120 125 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 15 10 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 25 10 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 280 145 135 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 125 60 65 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 40 15 25 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 0 0 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 100 45 55 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 6,005 2,900 3,105 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 4,100 1,995 2,105 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 345 165 180 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 105 55 55 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 1,635 770 865 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 105 35 70 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 280 155 125 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 325 155 170 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 55 25 30 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 20 10 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 30 20 10 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 45 20 20 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 55 30 20 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 65 30 35 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 215 115 100 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 150 85 65 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,425 705 715 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,420 705 705 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 275 150 125 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,155 575 580 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 25 45 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 0 10 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 105 45 60 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 55 30 30 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 60 25 35 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 35 20 10 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 0 10 0 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 20 10 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 715 320 395 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 35 15 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 25 10 15 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 655 300 360 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 107,250 52,320 54,930 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 103,485 50,630 52,860 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,775 10,255 9,525 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 83,710 40,370 43,340 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,765 1,695 2,065 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 107,250 52,320 54,930 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 92,600 45,305 47,295 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 13,240 6,315 6,920 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 7,320 3,530 3,790 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 1,390 615 770 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 1,455 680 775 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 2,035 960 1,080 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 940 410 530 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 1,100 550 550 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,035 530 510 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,415 700 715 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 13,235 6,315 6,920 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 1,900 1,015 880 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 3,090 1,595 1,495 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 3,240 1,470 1,770 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 4,225 1,885 2,340 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 790 350 430 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,235 6,315 6,920 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 2,380 995 1,380 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 20 15 10 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 160 65 90 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 145 65 75 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 35 15 25 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 95 40 55 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 175 110 70 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 50 20 35 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 55 25 30 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 120 50 65 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,055 370 685 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 470 225 245 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 7,745 3,780 3,965 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 25 40 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 235 140 95 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 55 25 25 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 440 215 225 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 55 40 15 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 340 170 170 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 45 20 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,430 1,210 1,220 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 525 315 210 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 550 220 330 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 170 90 80 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 115 60 50 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 50 10 30 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 10 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 115 55 60 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,955 885 1,070 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 565 250 315 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 690 355 335 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 20 10 20 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 55 35 25 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 20 15 0 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 20 10 10 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 10 0 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 90 40 50 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 20 10 10 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 60 20 40 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 395 215 175 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 2,400 1,160 1,240 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 40 10 20 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 25 20 10 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 420 205 215 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 25 40 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 435 210 230 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 70 35 30 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 15 0 15 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 30 0 20 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 165 95 65 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 70 45 25 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 185 100 85 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 295 100 195 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 50 30 15 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 100 45 55 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 10 0 0 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 75 35 40 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 355 185 165 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 25 20 0 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,035 525 505 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 300 175 125 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 0 0 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 20 10 10 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 10 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 35 10 20 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 50 40 10 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 15 0 10 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 90 45 45 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 45 35 15 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 35 20 15 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 115 55 55 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 10 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 10 10 0 </