Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Niagara Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Niagara Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 109,067 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 105,860 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,640 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,409 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 362.0 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 301.26 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 109,070 53,090 55,975 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 16,385 8,435 7,950 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,050 2,615 2,440 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,490 2,790 2,700 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,840 3,030 2,815 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 70,810 34,705 36,105 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,490 3,290 3,200 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,565 3,750 3,815 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,405 3,240 3,165 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,980 2,940 3,045 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,835 2,855 2,980 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,395 3,065 3,330 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,130 3,460 3,670 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,665 4,255 4,405 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,570 4,160 4,405 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,775 3,685 4,090 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 21,875 9,950 11,920 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,925 3,420 3,505 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,250 2,515 2,735 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,745 1,740 2,010 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,815 1,185 1,630 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,135 1,085 2,045 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,010 765 1,245 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 900 275 620 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 210 45 165 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 20 0 15 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.9 14.2 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.4 64.5 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 20.1 18.7 21.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.9 2.0 3.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.0 42.0 44.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 44.6 43.4 45.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,410 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,715 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,110 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,440 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,870 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,930 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,220 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,175 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 245 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 145 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,410 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 13,100 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,370 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,985 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,875 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,085 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,230 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 92,680 44,655 48,025 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 51,285 25,630 25,655 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 42,365 21,185 21,185 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 8,925 4,450 4,475 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 41,395 19,020 22,370 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 25,060 13,505 11,555 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,605 1,610 2,000 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,195 2,580 3,620 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 6,525 1,325 5,200 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,315 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 17,050 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,645 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,435 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,185 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,315 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 25,170 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 20,705 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,465 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,145 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,865 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,285 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,170 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 13,275 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 11,895 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,945 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,940 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,010 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,145 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,775 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,700 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 665 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,735 9,330 10,410 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,410 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,780 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,625 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,155 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 760 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,870 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 13,095 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,770 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 107,725 52,520 55,200 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 94,975 46,895 48,085 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 215 85 135 1,810 820 985
English and French 11,980 5,335 6,645 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 545 200 345 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 107,725 52,520 55,205 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 100,770 49,380 51,380 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 6,095 2,795 3,300 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 330 150 185 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 530 190 340 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,260 2,865 3,390 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 5.8 5.5 6.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 107,725 52,520 55,205 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 106,050 51,710 54,345 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 93,810 45,950 47,860 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 87,425 43,010 44,420 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 6,385 2,945 3,440 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 12,240 5,755 6,480 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,225 5,750 6,475 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 695 365 335 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 15 5 15 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 680 360 320 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 15 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 555 295 265 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 25 20 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 50 25 25 215 100 115
Tigrigna 15 5 10 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 65 75 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 20 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 105 50 55 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 325 115 205 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 25 10 15 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 25 10 15 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 265 95 175 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 75 35 40 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 50 25 25 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 110 55 55 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 5 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 50 25 30 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 50 20 25 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 5 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 8,370 3,950 4,425 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 25 15 15 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 5 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,955 875 1,075 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 40 15 25 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 0 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 25 10 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,915 865 1,050 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 40 25 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 20 15 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 290 140 155 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 60 30 25 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 15 5 10 325 160 165
Polish 695 300 395 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 185 80 100 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 55 20 30 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 140 65 75 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 25 30 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 340 150 190 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,350 640 710 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 5 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 25 10 10 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 545 260 280 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 15 5 5 295 145 145
German 715 340 375 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 15 5 10 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 115 55 55 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 630 315 315 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 525 265 265 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 40 15 20 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 90 45 50 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 100 60 40 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 10 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 35 55 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 185 90 90 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 105 55 50 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 15 10 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 10 5 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 40 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 4,295 2,035 2,255 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 3,170 1,510 1,660 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 225 115 115 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 65 30 30 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 825 380 445 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 40 10 25 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 320 150 170 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 145 80 70 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 25 20 10 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 5 5 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 25 10 15 215 100 115
Swahili 20 10 10 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 20 15 10 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 20 15 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 10 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,225 565 660 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,220 560 660 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 210 95 120 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 930 425 505 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 10 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 35 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 35 20 20 1,100 550 550
Thai 20 5 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 50 25 20 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 40 20 15 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 645 295 345 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 25 10 15 705 295 410
Finnish 25 10 15 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 590 275 315 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,675 810 865 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 720 360 360 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 880 410 465 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 50 25 20 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 30 10 15 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 107,725 52,520 55,205 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 105,145 51,380 53,760 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 100,690 49,340 51,355 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 98,725 48,515 50,210 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,965 820 1,140 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 4,450 2,045 2,410 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,455 2,040 2,405 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 305 155 150 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 305 155 150 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 5 0 600 275 320
Arabic 260 125 135 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 10 5 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10 5 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 25 40 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 55 20 35 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 105 45 55 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 10 0 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 5 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 40 45 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 50 25 25 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 35 15 25 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 20 10 15 1,225 615 605
Tamil 20 5 10 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 2,515 1,110 1,405 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 15 5 10 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 585 260 320 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 575 260 315 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 30 20 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 80 30 45 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 15 5 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 10 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 215 100 110 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 100 45 55 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 20 5 10 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 25 10 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 65 25 40 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 75 40 40 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 60 30 25 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 35 20 15 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 335 170 165 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 290 145 145 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 15 10 10 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 70 35 35 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 40 25 20 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 20 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 675 330 340
Urdu 105 55 50 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 45 20 20 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 15 5 10 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 5 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 30 10 15 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,475 610 865 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 955 380 580 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 70 30 40 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 25 10 10 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 420 190 230 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 15 5 10 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 235 110 125 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 5 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 10 5 10 65 25 40
Swahili 5 5 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 20 15 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 880 430 450 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 880 430 450 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 120 55 65 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 715 345 370 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 30 15 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 15 1,380 595 785
Lao 20 10 10 460 225 235
Thai 10 0 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 25 15 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 195 105 95
Turkish 20 10 10 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 140 60 75 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 5 5 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 130 65 70 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 2,585 1,140 1,440 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 510 195 315 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 2,005 915 1,090 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 25 10 15 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 107,725 52,520 55,205 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 97,580 47,870 49,710 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 2,950 1,340 1,610 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 3,150 1,400 1,750 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 3,910 1,845 2,065 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 30 15 15 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 3,880 1,835 2,050 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 30 15 20 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 40 20 20 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 65 30 40 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 90,860 43,855 47,010 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,455 42,320 45,135 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,072 36,421 25,251 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,480 42,320 45,160 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,783 33,127 23,789 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,230 37,790 38,440 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,911 33,530 21,476 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,655 30,680 36,975 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,418 7,190 7,556 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,030 31,735 29,295 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,041 32,643 24,562 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 90,900 43,875 47,020 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,530 42,280 45,255 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,460 44,785 32,552 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,555 42,275 45,280 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,163 37,961 28,683 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,220 37,720 38,505 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,399 43,272 29,666 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,740 30,665 37,075 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,740 8,516 8,925 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,045 31,785 29,265 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,315 40,906 31,328 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 90,895 43,875 47,025 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,505 15,380 12,125 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,611 52,971 41,854 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,092 60,610 48,096 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.6 86.5 77.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.2 69.3 62.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.4 13.5 22.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 90,860 43,855 47,010 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,405 1,535 1,870 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 87,455 42,320 45,140 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.5 96.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,440 5,210 7,230 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 16,625 6,395 10,230 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 14,555 5,740 8,810 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 11,690 5,760 5,930 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 9,510 4,900 4,605 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,715 3,860 2,855 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,555 2,845 1,715 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,035 1,980 1,050 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,190 1,435 755 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,990 1,185 805 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,145 2,995 1,155 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,170 2,230 940 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 975 760 215 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 90,860 43,855 47,005 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,380 1,535 1,845 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 87,480 42,315 45,160 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.5 96.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,795 5,275 7,520 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 17,385 6,725 10,665 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 16,835 6,895 9,940 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 13,440 6,875 6,565 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 10,170 5,545 4,625 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,105 3,830 2,275 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,750 2,435 1,315 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,820 1,795 1,030 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,170 2,945 1,225 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,690 1,090 605 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 850 605 240 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,630 1,250 375 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 90,860 43,850 47,010 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 29,830 12,120 17,715 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 61,030 31,730 29,295 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.2 72.4 62.3 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,590 5,820 4,775 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,125 2,205 2,920 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,715 3,770 4,945 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,535 3,220 4,310 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,685 3,080 3,610 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,010 2,935 3,070 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,490 2,630 1,860 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 2,995 1,955 1,040 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,225 1,505 725 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,650 4,615 2,035 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,745 1,155 590 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,790 1,050 740 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,115 2,410 715 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,410 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,885 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,128 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,100 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,065 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,673 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,310 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,496 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,558 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,345 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,243 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,037 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,090 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,536 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,614 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,260 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,134 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,785 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,410 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 635 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 600 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,650 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,980 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,465 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,165 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,400 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,255 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,295 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,215 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,080 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,515 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,160 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,710 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,410 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,870 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,270 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,625 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,480 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,500 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,410 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 660 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 610 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,665 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,065 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,775 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,460 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,680 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,560 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,630 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,600 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,620 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,000 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,410 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,285 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,600 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,670 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,905 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,015 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,985 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,772 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,666 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,310 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,520 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,371 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,075 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,967 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,826 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,720 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,034 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,533 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,885 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,737 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,206 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,175 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,324 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,008 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,135 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,618 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,309 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,655 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,511 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,187 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 17,530 8,385 9,145 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,537 29,150 24,894 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,916 26,924 23,931 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 17,460 8,360 9,105 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,080 36,704 31,671 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,740 31,430 28,189 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 107,230 52,280 54,945 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 61,230 28,960 32,270 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 12,380 5,850 6,535 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 12,425 5,485 6,945 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,275 5,695 6,580 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 12,180 5,960 6,220 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 11,970 5,970 5,995 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 45,995 23,320 22,675 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 11,295 5,655 5,635 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,620 5,400 5,215 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 9,560 4,855 4,710 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 8,570 4,385 4,185 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 5,955 3,025 2,930 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 107,225 52,280 54,945 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 20,150 10,340 9,810 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,050 3,140 2,910 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 66,500 32,455 34,045 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 20,575 9,485 11,090 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,995 8,155 9,840 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,520 2,305 2,215 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,565 805 760 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 11,095 5,070 6,025 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,375 780 1,600 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.8 15.6 17.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.4 22.3 22.6 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 25.9 25.6 26.1 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.7 15.6 17.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.5 8.2 14.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,365 4,495 4,870 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,935 950 985 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 675 320 350 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 7,055 3,405 3,650 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 380 145 235 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.6 8.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.2 10.0 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.2 10.2 12.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 10.5 10.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.5 2.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 107,250 52,320 54,930 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 106,685 52,105 54,580 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 106,425 52,010 54,420 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 12,115 5,380 6,735 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 15,185 7,375 7,810 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 30 25 10 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,155 7,350 7,805 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 995 555 435 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 970 550 420 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 25 10 15 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 815 465 345 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 25 15 10 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 85 40 45 315 155 155
Tigrigna 25 20 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 35 55 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 75 35 45 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 325 115 210 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 10 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 0 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 10 10 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 310 110 195 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 160 65 95 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 90 35 50 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 140 75 65 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 25 10 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 45 25 25 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 60 25 35 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 25 20 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 10,535 5,120 5,410 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 20 10 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 10 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,080 935 1,145 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 45 10 30 1,030 515 520
Latvian 20 0 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 20 10 15 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,035 920 1,110 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 60 35 30 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 340 175 165 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 75 35 35 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 830 325 505 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 195 100 90 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 85 45 40 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 115 50 65 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 40 20 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 365 165 205 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,555 775 775 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 30 10 20 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 15 10 10 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 560 285 270 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 10 465 230 240
German 935 460 480 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 10 0 0 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 110 70 45 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 920 500 425 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 790 435 355 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 60 30 30 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 95 50 45 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 340 195 145 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 10 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 245 120 125 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 15 10 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 25 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 280 145 135 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 125 60 65 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 40 15 25 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 100 45 55 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 6,005 2,900 3,105 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 4,100 1,995 2,105 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 345 165 180 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 105 55 55 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,635 770 865 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 105 35 70 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 280 155 125 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 325 155 170 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 55 25 30 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 20 10 10 425 240 185
Lingala 30 20 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 290 125 165
Shona 45 20 20 415 220 195
Swahili 55 30 20 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 65 30 35 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 215 115 100 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 150 85 65 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,425 705 715 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 1,420 705 705 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 275 150 125 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,155 575 580 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 25 45 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 10 0 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 105 45 60 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 55 30 30 1,630 735 890
Thai 60 25 35 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 35 20 10 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 10 945 510 435
Turkish 0 10 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 20 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 715 320 395 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 35 15 25 780 350 425
Finnish 25 10 15 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 655 300 360 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 107,250 52,320 54,930 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 103,485 50,630 52,860 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,775 10,255 9,525 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 83,710 40,370 43,340 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,765 1,695 2,065 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 107,250 52,320 54,930 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 92,600 45,305 47,295 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 13,240 6,315 6,920 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 7,320 3,530 3,790 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,390 615 770 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,455 680 775 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 2,035 960 1,080 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 940 410 530 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,100 550 550 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,035 530 510 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,415 700 715 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 13,235 6,315 6,920 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,900 1,015 880 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 3,090 1,595 1,495 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 3,240 1,470 1,770 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 4,225 1,885 2,340 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 790 350 430 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,235 6,315 6,920 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,380 995 1,380 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 20 15 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 160 65 90 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 145 65 75 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 35 15 25 1,305 600 710
Haiti 95 40 55 570 250 315
Jamaica 175 110 70 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 50 20 35 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 55 25 30 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 120 50 65 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,055 370 685 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 470 225 245 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 7,745 3,780 3,965 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 25 40 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 235 140 95 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 55 25 25 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 440 215 225 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 55 40 15 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 340 170 170 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 45 20 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,430 1,210 1,220 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 525 315 210 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 550 220 330 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 170 90 80 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 115 60 50 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 50 10 30 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 115 55 60 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,955 885 1,070 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 565 250 315 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 690 355 335 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 20 10 20 485 310 175
Egypt 55 35 25 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 20 15 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 10 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 0 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 90 40 50 1,740 925 815
Somalia 20 10 10 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 60 20 40 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 395 215 175 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 2,400 1,160 1,240 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 40 10 20 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 25 20 10 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 420 205 215 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 25 40 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 435 210 230 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 70 35 30 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 15 0 15 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 30 0 20 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 165 95 65 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 70 45 25 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 185 100 85 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 295 100 195 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 50 30 15 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 100 45 55 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 10 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 75 35 40 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 355 185 165 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 25 20 0 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,035 525 505 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 300 175 125 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 20 10 10 580 250 325
Cuba 10 10 0 140 60 80
Haiti 35 10 20 35 35 10
Jamaica 50 40 10 625 355 265
Mexico 15 0 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 90 45 45 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 45 35 15 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 35 20 15 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 115 55 55 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 10 10 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation 0 0