Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara West [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara West
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Niagara West [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Niagara West [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 90,838 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 86,533 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 34,827 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 33,588 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 91.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 989.15 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 90,840 44,730 46,105 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 15,440 7,930 7,505 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,805 2,450 2,350 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 5,240 2,705 2,540 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 5,395 2,780 2,615 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 57,295 28,375 28,920 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 5,620 2,835 2,785 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 5,230 2,715 2,520 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 4,285 2,200 2,085 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 4,500 2,205 2,290 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 5,000 2,420 2,575 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 5,565 2,715 2,855 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 6,115 2,950 3,165 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 7,505 3,700 3,805 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,030 3,475 3,550 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,455 3,165 3,285 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 18,110 8,425 9,680 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,715 2,760 2,955 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,470 2,235 2,235 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,115 1,490 1,625 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,350 1,080 1,265 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,455 860 1,595 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,505 595 910 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 725 210 515 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 200 55 145 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 30 0 25 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.0 17.7 16.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.1 63.4 62.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.9 18.8 21.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.7 41.8 43.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.8 43.8 45.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 33,585 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,915 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 415 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,200 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,285 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 3,735 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 430 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,620 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 130 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 55 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 33,590 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 6,530 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 12,850 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,250 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 5,590 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,365 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 89,010 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 75,400 36,800 38,600 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 49,275 24,715 24,560 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 43,730 21,940 21,790 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 5,540 2,770 2,770 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 26,125 12,085 14,035 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 16,470 8,930 7,540 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 1,860 820 1,040 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 3,265 1,335 1,925 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,530 990 3,535 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 27,155 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,720 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 5,260 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 5,525 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,650 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 27,155 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 24,170 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 21,400 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,770 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,990 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 2,290 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 700 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,170 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 11,985 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 12,185 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 4,345 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 5,255 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,590 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,990 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 1,740 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 915 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 330 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,250 4,175 5,080 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 33,590 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 25,885 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,405 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,475 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 625 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,075 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 6,530 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 540 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 89,440 44,255 45,175 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 83,985 41,990 41,995 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 10 5 5 1,110 530 580
English and French 5,130 2,070 3,060 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 320 195 115 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 89,435 44,260 45,175 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 87,855 43,485 44,365 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,185 535 645 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 95 40 55 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 305 195 110 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,230 555 675 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 89,440 44,255 45,175 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 88,610 43,870 44,740 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 79,020 39,170 39,855 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 77,745 38,590 39,155 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,270 575 695 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 9,590 4,705 4,890 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,585 4,700 4,885 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 180 95 80 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 180 95 85 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 0 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 135 70 65 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 10 5 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 15 10 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 30 35 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 50 20 25 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 140 30 110 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 10 5 5 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 5 0 5 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 115 25 95 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 15 10 5 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 35 20 25 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 0 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 10 5 5 1,750 905 845
Tamil 25 10 15 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 5 0 0 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 8,380 4,160 4,220 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 10 10 5 1,090 560 530
Armenian 25 15 10 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,275 1,060 1,220 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 55 25 30 645 280 370
Latvian 30 15 15 320 145 175
Lithuanian 30 10 15 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,220 1,030 1,190 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 15 5 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 10 5 10 1,725 805 915
Croatian 410 210 205 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 55 20 30 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 15 10 10 250 120 135
Polish 780 355 425 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 120 50 75 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 215 105 105 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 10 1,145 545 600
Slovak 80 30 50 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 75 75 545 250 290
Ukrainian 335 150 185 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 3,325 1,585 1,735 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 45 20 25 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,040 985 1,050 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 40 20 20 80 30 50
German 1,120 525 595 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 30 5 20 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 10 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 185 95 95 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 360 180 175 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 310 155 160 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 10 5 5 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 40 20 20 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 40 15 25 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 5 0 225 110 110
Marathi 5 5 5 535 280 255
Nepali 0 0 0 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 130 60 70 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,455 730 725
Urdu 75 40 35 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 45 30 15 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 0 0 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 40 25 15 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,190 1,215 970 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,180 645 530 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 365 185 185 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 105 50 55 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 535 330 200 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 25 10 15 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 85 40 45 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 0 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 5 0 5 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 0 5 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 5 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 5 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 220 100 125 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 220 100 120 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 65 30 35 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 115 55 65 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 5 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 5 5 0 800 405 400
Thai 15 5 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 15 10 5 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 10 5 10 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 370 175 195 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 25 10 15 455 195 260
Finnish 40 15 20 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 305 145 160 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 825 390 435 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 160 70 95 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 625 295 330 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 15 5 5 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 20 15 5 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 89,435 44,255 45,180 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 87,970 43,565 44,410 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 85,925 42,505 43,425 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 85,650 42,385 43,265 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 280 120 160 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 2,050 1,060 990 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,045 1,055 985 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 25 35 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 60 25 30 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 50 20 30 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 15 20 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 30 15 15 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 25 10 10 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 5 15 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 15 5 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 10 5 10 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 0 0 0 885 450 435
Tamil 5 0 10 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 5 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,645 860 780 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 5 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 5 5 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 590 290 305 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 580 285 295 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 15 10 10 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 115 55 60 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 0 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 215 105 105 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 55 30 25 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 60 35 30 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 435 205 235
Slovak 15 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 60 25 35
Ukrainian 55 25 30 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 250 115 135 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 10 520 250 265
Danish 5 5 0 180 90 90
Dutch 85 35 50 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 130 65 70 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 70 30 35 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 150 65 85 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 135 60 75 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 5 0 5 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 10 5 5 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 20 5 10 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 0 5 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 30 35 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 5 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 20 10 10 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 25 5 10 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 25 5 15 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 580 365 220 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 145 70 75 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 75 35 45 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 35 15 20 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 325 245 80 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 40 20 20 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 15 5 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 0 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 65 60 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 120 65 60 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 25 10 15 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 75 40 35 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 5 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 10 0 5 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 70 30 35 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 5 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 65 25 35 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,465 695 765 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 110 40 65 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,340 645 695 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 0 0 0 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 20 15 5 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 89,435 44,255 45,180 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 84,120 41,830 42,290 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,055 510 550 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 775 300 475 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 3,435 1,600 1,840 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 5 5 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 3,425 1,590 1,830 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 5 5 0 965 435 530
English and non-official language 15 5 5 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 40 15 20 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,610 36,105 37,505 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,295 35,085 36,210 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,074 49,684 30,304 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,320 35,090 36,235 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,035 43,458 27,740 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,055 33,580 33,475 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,275 46,191 26,077 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,535 22,165 27,375 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,225 5,813 6,389 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,710 28,780 25,935 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,303 44,921 28,069 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 73,575 36,075 37,500 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,320 35,130 36,190 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,989 61,968 40,332 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,340 35,140 36,210 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,008 49,950 34,301 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,135 33,670 33,470 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,363 59,494 37,165 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,585 22,295 27,290 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,857 7,795 7,908 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,725 28,915 25,810 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,872 55,126 37,624 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 73,575 36,080 37,500 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 26,790 15,790 11,000 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,793 66,943 51,238 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,077 76,916 57,827 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.3 92.0 85.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.8 73.6 66.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.7 8.0 14.9 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 73,610 36,100 37,505 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,315 1,020 1,295 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 71,295 35,085 36,210 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.9 97.2 96.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,780 3,350 5,435 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 10,560 3,650 6,910 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 9,275 3,660 5,615 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 7,740 3,535 4,210 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 7,130 3,465 3,665 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,070 3,310 2,755 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,820 2,830 1,990 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,945 2,450 1,490 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,120 2,035 1,085 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,750 1,610 1,145 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 7,105 5,195 1,910 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 4,910 3,495 1,415 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,195 1,695 495 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 73,610 36,105 37,510 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,290 1,020 1,275 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 71,320 35,090 36,230 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.2 96.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,200 3,425 5,770 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 11,080 3,840 7,240 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 10,680 4,355 6,330 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,360 4,415 4,950 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,385 4,405 3,980 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,495 3,820 2,675 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,890 3,145 1,745 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,030 2,490 1,535 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 7,200 5,190 2,005 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,525 1,680 845 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,390 1,025 370 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 3,285 2,495 795 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 73,610 36,105 37,505 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 18,900 7,325 11,570 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 54,710 28,775 25,935 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.3 79.7 69.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,780 4,655 4,120 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,225 1,795 2,430 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 6,730 2,785 3,945 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 5,160 2,165 2,990 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 4,780 2,010 2,770 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 4,330 1,960 2,370 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,100 2,305 1,800 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,370 2,025 1,345 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,845 1,835 1,005 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 10,395 7,250 3,145 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,405 1,560 845 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,445 1,395 1,055 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 5,540 4,295 1,245 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,590 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,481 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,185 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,530 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,837 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,391 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 27,055 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,260 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,649 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 33,570 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 108,333 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 89,276 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,490 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,617 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,044 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,080 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,679 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,111 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 33,590 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 285 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 175 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 365 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 600 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 960 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 865 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 950 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,130 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,130 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,110 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,355 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,315 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,235 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,225 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,170 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,730 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,530 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,305 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,900 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,995 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 33,590 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 315 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 185 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 375 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 645 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,085 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 965 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,120 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,305 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,395 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,425 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,890 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,825 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,805 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,720 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,320 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,230 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,555 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,845 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,825 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,720 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,952 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,387 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,170 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,207 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,069 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,295 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,918 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,476 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,715 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,472 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,714 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,735 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,513 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,888 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,215 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 105,398 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,498 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,270 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,018 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,725 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,755 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 77,817 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,782 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 7,875 3,640 4,235 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,485 43,307 34,620 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,551 38,040 31,707 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 7,850 3,595 4,265 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,369 53,438 45,942 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,532 43,934 39,509 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 89,015 44,015 45,000 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 32,515 15,520 16,995 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 3,775 1,805 1,970 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 5,125 2,245 2,875 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 7,085 3,325 3,755 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 7,495 3,685 3,815 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,030 4,455 4,580 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 56,500 28,490 28,005 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 9,720 4,830 4,890 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 10,940 5,440 5,505 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 11,860 6,000 5,860 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 12,875 6,550 6,325 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 11,095 5,670 5,425 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 89,015 44,010 44,995 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 18,725 9,575 9,150 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 5,825 2,980 2,845 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 53,520 26,405 27,115 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,765 8,035 8,730 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 5,905 2,695 3,205 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 1,420 720 695 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 420 205 220 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 3,350 1,560 1,795 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,140 420 720 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 6.6 6.1 7.1 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 7.6 7.5 7.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 7.2 6.9 7.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.3 5.9 6.6 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 6.8 5.2 8.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,740 1,325 1,415 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 620 325 290 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 175 95 80 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 1,795 880 920 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 325 125 205 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.1 3.0 3.1 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 3.3 3.4 3.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 3.0 3.2 2.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 3.4 3.3 3.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 88,960 43,960 44,995 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 88,655 43,780 44,875 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 88,650 43,775 44,875 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 5,110 2,040 3,065 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 11,955 5,770 6,185 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 10 0 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,945 5,765 6,180 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 215 90 125 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 210 95 120 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 180 75 100 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 25 10 15 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 20 10 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 40 50 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 90 40 50 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 185 35 150 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 0 0 0 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 0 10 10 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 15 0 20 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 40 130 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 25 0 15 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 35 20 20 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 0 0 0 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 30 15 15 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 10 10 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 10,460 5,165 5,300 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 15 0 10 1,135 580 555
Armenian 35 25 10 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,700 1,305 1,390 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 70 35 35 635 310 325
Latvian 45 20 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 20 10 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,630 1,275 1,360 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 65 35 35 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 10 0 15 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 520 275 245 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 55 20 40 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 45 25 20 345 180 160
Polish 970 455 515 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 195 100 100 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 330 190 140 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 50 20 35 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 140 75 65 725 330 400
Ukrainian 420 175 240 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 3,915 1,885 2,035 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 65 35 30 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 60 30 30 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,360 1,135 1,225 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 90 50 40 120 55 65
German 1,345 660 685 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 25 15 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 75 15 55 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 75 40 30
Greek 255 140 120 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 425 210 215 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 335 165 170 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 20 10 10 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 60 35 30 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 110 55 60 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 10 10 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 75 60 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 10 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 120 60 60 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 95 40 50 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 10 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 90 40 55 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 3,285 1,695 1,595 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,845 920 920 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 455 245 205 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 135 65 70 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 930 475 450 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 220 130 85
Japanese 70 35 40 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 125 60 60 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 75 40 35 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 50 30 20 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 15 0 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 70 15 55 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 35 10 25 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 320 155 165 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 320 155 165 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 100 45 50 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 195 95 100 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 15 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 60 35 25 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 10 10 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 45 20 25 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 30 10 15 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 20 10 15 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 345 145 200 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 15 10 10 495 205 295
Finnish 50 15 40 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 275 125 155 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 88,960 43,960 45,000 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 86,750 42,875 43,875 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,540 9,385 9,155 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 68,210 33,490 34,720 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,210 1,085 1,125 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 88,960 43,960 45,000 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 76,745 37,920 38,825 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 11,850 5,795 6,055 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,795 3,940 3,855 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,330 640 685 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 1,185 530 650 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,165 515 655 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 635 260 370 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 540 250 285 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 375 175 200 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 365 240 120 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 11,850 5,795 6,055 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,030 990 1,035 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 2,855 1,530 1,320 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 3,170 1,475 1,695 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 3,335 1,595 1,740 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 460 200 260 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,850 5,800 6,055 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,570 685 885 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 30 15 15 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 60 15 45 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 15 0 15 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 65 30 30 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 125 80 45 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 60 25 35 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 35 20 15 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 50 35 15 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 860 300 555 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 270 155 120 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 8,710 4,420 4,290 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 35 55 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 300 165 135 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 35 15 25 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 575 280 295 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 95 50 50 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 125 50 75 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 120 50 70 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 725 425 295 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,940 1,030 915 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 550 235 315 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 185 110 75 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 135 55 75 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 95 40 55 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 95 45 55 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 75 45 30 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,980 1,535 1,445 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 575 245 330 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 235 120 115 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 35 15 20 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 20 10 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 10 10 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 100 45 50 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 60 35 25 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,225 525 700 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 50 20 30 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 10 10 10 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 185 65 125 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 25 0 20 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 185 95 95 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 20 20 0 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 35 15 15 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 30 15 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 95 50 50 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 20 10 10 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 70 40 30 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 160 40 115 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 20 15 10 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 45 15 25 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 10 0 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 75 30 40 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 195 90 105 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 110 45 60 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 375 170 195 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 95 45 50 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 20 10 15 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 10 0 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 50 30 25 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 0 10 0 1,855 875 975
Europe 135 70 65 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0 545