Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara West [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara West
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Niagara West [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Niagara West [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 90,838 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 86,533 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 34,827 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 33,588 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 91.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 989.15 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 90,840 44,730 46,105 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 15,440 7,930 7,505 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,805 2,450 2,350 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,240 2,705 2,540 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,395 2,780 2,615 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 57,295 28,375 28,920 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,620 2,835 2,785 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 5,230 2,715 2,520 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 4,285 2,200 2,085 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 4,500 2,205 2,290 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,000 2,420 2,575 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,565 2,715 2,855 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,115 2,950 3,165 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 7,505 3,700 3,805 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,030 3,475 3,550 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,455 3,165 3,285 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 18,110 8,425 9,680 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,715 2,760 2,955 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,470 2,235 2,235 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,115 1,490 1,625 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,350 1,080 1,265 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,455 860 1,595 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,505 595 910 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 725 210 515 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 200 55 145 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 30 0 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.0 17.7 16.3 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.1 63.4 62.7 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 19.9 18.8 21.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.7 41.8 43.6 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 44.8 43.8 45.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 33,585 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,915 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 415 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,200 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,285 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 3,735 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 430 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,620 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 130 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 55 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 33,590 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 6,530 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 12,850 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,250 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,590 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,365 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 89,010 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 75,400 36,800 38,600 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 49,275 24,715 24,560 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 43,730 21,940 21,790 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 5,540 2,770 2,770 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 26,125 12,085 14,035 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 16,470 8,930 7,540 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,860 820 1,040 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 3,265 1,335 1,925 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,530 990 3,535 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 27,155 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 13,720 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,260 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,525 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,650 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 27,155 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 24,170 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 21,400 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,770 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,990 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,290 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 700 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,170 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 11,985 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 12,185 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,345 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,255 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,590 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,990 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 1,740 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 915 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 330 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,250 4,175 5,080 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 33,590 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 25,885 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,405 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,475 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 625 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,075 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 6,530 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 540 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 89,440 44,255 45,175 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 83,985 41,990 41,995 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 10 5 5 1,810 820 985
English and French 5,130 2,070 3,060 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 320 195 115 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 89,435 44,260 45,175 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 87,855 43,485 44,365 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,185 535 645 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 95 40 55 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 305 195 110 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,230 555 675 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 89,440 44,255 45,175 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 88,610 43,870 44,740 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 79,020 39,170 39,855 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 77,745 38,590 39,155 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,270 575 695 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 9,590 4,705 4,890 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,585 4,700 4,885 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 180 95 80 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 180 95 85 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 135 70 65 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 10 5 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 15 10 10 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 30 35 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 50 20 25 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 140 30 110 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 10 5 5 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 115 25 95 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 15 10 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 35 20 25 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 10 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 25 10 15 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 0 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 8,380 4,160 4,220 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 10 10 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 25 15 10 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 2,275 1,060 1,220 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 55 25 30 1,070 485 585
Latvian 30 15 15 565 255 300
Lithuanian 30 10 15 505 225 280
Slavic languages 2,220 1,030 1,190 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 15 5 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 10 5 10 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 410 210 205 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 55 20 30 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 15 10 10 325 160 165
Polish 780 355 425 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 120 50 75 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 215 105 105 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 10 1,395 670 725
Slovak 80 30 50 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 75 75 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 335 150 185 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 5 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 3,325 1,585 1,735 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 30 15 15 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 45 20 25 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,040 985 1,050 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 40 20 20 295 145 145
German 1,120 525 595 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 30 5 20 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 185 95 95 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 360 180 175 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 310 155 160 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 10 5 5 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 40 20 20 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 40 15 25 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 5 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 5 5 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 130 60 70 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 75 40 35 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 45 30 15 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 40 25 15 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,190 1,215 970 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 1,180 645 530 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 365 185 185 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 105 50 55 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 535 330 200 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 105 65 40
Japanese 25 10 15 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 85 40 45 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 0 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 5 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 5 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 220 100 125 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 220 100 120 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 65 30 35 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 115 55 65 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 5 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 5 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 15 5 10 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 15 10 5 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 10 5 10 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 370 175 195 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 25 10 15 705 295 410
Finnish 40 15 20 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 305 145 160 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 825 390 435 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 160 70 95 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 625 295 330 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 15 5 5 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 20 15 5 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 89,435 44,255 45,180 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 87,970 43,565 44,410 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 85,925 42,505 43,425 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 85,650 42,385 43,265 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 280 120 160 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 2,050 1,060 990 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,045 1,055 985 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 25 35 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 60 25 30 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 50 20 30 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 15 20 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 30 15 15 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 25 10 10 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 5 15 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 15 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 10 5 10 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 0 10 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 5 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,645 860 780 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 5 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 5 5 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 590 290 305 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 580 285 295 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 15 10 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 115 55 60 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 10 0 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 215 105 105 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 55 30 25 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 60 35 30 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 15 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 145 65 85
Ukrainian 55 25 30 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 250 115 135 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 0 305 145 160
Dutch 85 35 50 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 130 65 70 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 70 30 35 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 150 65 85 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 135 60 75 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 5 0 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 10 5 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 20 5 10 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 0 5 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 30 35 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 20 10 10 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 25 5 10 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 25 5 15 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 580 365 220 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 145 70 75 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 75 35 45 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 35 15 20 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 325 245 80 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 40 20 20 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 15 5 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 65 60 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 120 65 60 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 25 10 15 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 75 40 35 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 10 0 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 70 30 35 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 5 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 65 25 35 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,465 695 765 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 110 40 65 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,340 645 695 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 20 15 5 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 89,435 44,255 45,180 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 84,120 41,830 42,290 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,055 510 550 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 775 300 475 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 3,435 1,600 1,840 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 5 5 0 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 3,425 1,590 1,830 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 5 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 15 5 5 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 40 15 20 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,610 36,105 37,505 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,295 35,085 36,210 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,074 49,684 30,304 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,320 35,090 36,235 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,035 43,458 27,740 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,055 33,580 33,475 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,275 46,191 26,077 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,535 22,165 27,375 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,225 5,813 6,389 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,710 28,780 25,935 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,303 44,921 28,069 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 73,575 36,075 37,500 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,320 35,130 36,190 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,989 61,968 40,332 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,340 35,140 36,210 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,008 49,950 34,301 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,135 33,670 33,470 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,363 59,494 37,165 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,585 22,295 27,290 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,857 7,795 7,908 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,725 28,915 25,810 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,872 55,126 37,624 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 73,575 36,080 37,500 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 26,790 15,790 11,000 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,793 66,943 51,238 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,077 76,916 57,827 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.3 92.0 85.1 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.8 73.6 66.5 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.7 8.0 14.9 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 73,610 36,100 37,505 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,315 1,020 1,295 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 71,295 35,085 36,210 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.9 97.2 96.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,780 3,350 5,435 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 10,560 3,650 6,910 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 9,275 3,660 5,615 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 7,740 3,535 4,210 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 7,130 3,465 3,665 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,070 3,310 2,755 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,820 2,830 1,990 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,945 2,450 1,490 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,120 2,035 1,085 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,750 1,610 1,145 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 7,105 5,195 1,910 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,910 3,495 1,415 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 2,195 1,695 495 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 73,610 36,105 37,510 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,290 1,020 1,275 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 71,320 35,090 36,230 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.2 96.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,200 3,425 5,770 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 11,080 3,840 7,240 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 10,680 4,355 6,330 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 9,360 4,415 4,950 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,385 4,405 3,980 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,495 3,820 2,675 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,890 3,145 1,745 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,030 2,490 1,535 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 7,200 5,190 2,005 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,525 1,680 845 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,390 1,025 370 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 3,285 2,495 795 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 73,610 36,105 37,505 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 18,900 7,325 11,570 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 54,710 28,775 25,935 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 74.3 79.7 69.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,780 4,655 4,120 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,225 1,795 2,430 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 6,730 2,785 3,945 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 5,160 2,165 2,990 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 4,780 2,010 2,770 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,330 1,960 2,370 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,100 2,305 1,800 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,370 2,025 1,345 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,845 1,835 1,005 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 10,395 7,250 3,145 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,405 1,560 845 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,445 1,395 1,055 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 5,540 4,295 1,245 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,590 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,481 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,185 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,530 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,837 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,391 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 27,055 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,260 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,649 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 33,570 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 108,333 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 89,276 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,490 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,617 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,044 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,080 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,679 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,111 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 33,590 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 285 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 175 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 365 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 600 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 960 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 865 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 950 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,130 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,130 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,110 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,355 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,315 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,235 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,225 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,170 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,730 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,530 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,305 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,900 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,995 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 33,590 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 315 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 185 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 375 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 645 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,085 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 965 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,120 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,305 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,395 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,425 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,890 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,825 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,805 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,720 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,320 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,230 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,555 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,845 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,825 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,720 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,952 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,387 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,170 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,207 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,069 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,295 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,918 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,476 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,715 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,472 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,714 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,735 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,513 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,888 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,215 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 105,398 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,498 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,270 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,018 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,725 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,755 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 77,817 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,782 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 7,875 3,640 4,235 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,485 43,307 34,620 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,551 38,040 31,707 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 7,850 3,595 4,265 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,369 53,438 45,942 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,532 43,934 39,509 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 89,015 44,015 45,000 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 32,515 15,520 16,995 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 3,775 1,805 1,970 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 5,125 2,245 2,875 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 7,085 3,325 3,755 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 7,495 3,685 3,815 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,030 4,455 4,580 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 56,500 28,490 28,005 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,720 4,830 4,890 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,940 5,440 5,505 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 11,860 6,000 5,860 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 12,875 6,550 6,325 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 11,095 5,670 5,425 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 89,015 44,010 44,995 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 18,725 9,575 9,150 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,825 2,980 2,845 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 53,520 26,405 27,115 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 16,765 8,035 8,730 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 5,905 2,695 3,205 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 1,420 720 695 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 420 205 220 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 3,350 1,560 1,795 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,140 420 720 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 6.6 6.1 7.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 7.6 7.5 7.6 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 7.2 6.9 7.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 6.3 5.9 6.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 6.8 5.2 8.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,740 1,325 1,415 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 620 325 290 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 175 95 80 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 1,795 880 920 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 325 125 205 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.1 3.0 3.1 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 3.3 3.4 3.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 3.0 3.2 2.8 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 3.4 3.3 3.4 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 88,960 43,960 44,995 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 88,655 43,780 44,875 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 88,650 43,775 44,875 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 5,110 2,040 3,065 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 11,955 5,770 6,185 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 10 0 0 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 10 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,945 5,765 6,180 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 215 90 125 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 210 95 120 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 180 75 100 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 25 10 15 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 20 10 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 40 50 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 90 40 50 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 185 35 150 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 0 0 0 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 10 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 15 0 20 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 40 130 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 25 0 15 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 35 20 20 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 30 15 15 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 10 10 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 10,460 5,165 5,300 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 15 0 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 35 25 10 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,700 1,305 1,390 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 70 35 35 1,030 515 520
Latvian 45 20 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 20 10 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,630 1,275 1,360 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 65 35 35 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 15 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 520 275 245 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 55 20 40 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 45 25 20 400 220 185
Polish 970 455 515 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 195 100 100 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 330 190 140 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 50 20 35 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 140 75 65 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 420 175 240 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 3,915 1,885 2,035 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 65 35 30 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 60 30 30 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,360 1,135 1,225 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 90 50 40 465 230 240
German 1,345 660 685 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 25 15 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 75 15 55 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 155 95 60
Greek 255 140 120 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 425 210 215 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 335 165 170 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 20 10 10 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 60 35 30 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 110 55 60 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 10 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 75 60 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 10 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 120 60 60 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 95 40 50 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 10 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 90 40 55 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 3,285 1,695 1,595 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,845 920 920 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 455 245 205 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 135 65 70 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 930 475 450 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 380 245 140
Japanese 70 35 40 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 125 60 60 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 75 40 35 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 50 30 20 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 15 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 70 15 55 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 35 10 25 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 320 155 165 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 320 155 165 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 100 45 50 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 195 95 100 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 60 35 25 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 10 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 45 20 25 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 30 10 15 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 20 10 15 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 345 145 200 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 15 10 10 780 350 425
Finnish 50 15 40 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 275 125 155 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 88,960 43,960 45,000 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 86,750 42,875 43,875 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,540 9,385 9,155 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 68,210 33,490 34,720 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,210 1,085 1,125 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 88,960 43,960 45,000 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 76,745 37,920 38,825 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 11,850 5,795 6,055 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 7,795 3,940 3,855 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,330 640 685 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,185 530 650 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,165 515 655 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 635 260 370 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 540 250 285 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 375 175 200 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 365 240 120 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 11,850 5,795 6,055 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,030 990 1,035 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,855 1,530 1,320 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 3,170 1,475 1,695 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,335 1,595 1,740 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 460 200 260 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,850 5,800 6,055 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,570 685 885 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 30 15 15 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 60 15 45 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 15 0 15 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 65 30 30 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 125 80 45 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 60 25 35 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 35 20 15 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 50 35 15 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 860 300 555 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 270 155 120 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 8,710 4,420 4,290 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 35 55 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 300 165 135 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 35 15 25 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 575 280 295 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 95 50 50 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 125 50 75 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 120 50 70 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 725 425 295 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,940 1,030 915 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 550 235 315 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 185 110 75 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 135 55 75 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 95 40 55 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 95 45 55 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 75 45 30 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,980 1,535 1,445 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 575 245 330 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 235 120 115 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 35 15 20 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 10 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 10 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 100 45 50 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 60 35 25 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,225 525 700 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 50 20 30 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 10 10 10 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 185 65 125 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 25 0 20 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 185 95 95 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 20 20 0 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 35 15 15 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 30 15 20 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 95 50 50 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 20 10 10 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 70 40 30 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 160 40 115 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 20 15 10 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 45 15 25 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 10 0 10 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 75 30 40 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 195 90 105 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 110 45 60 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 375 170 195 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 95 45 50 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 20 10 15 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 10 0 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 50 30 25 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 0 10 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 135 70 65 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 0 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation 0 0 0