Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oakville [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oakville
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Oakville [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Oakville [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 120,923 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 119,649 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.1 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 45,595 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,804 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,545.0 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 78.27 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 120,920 58,260 62,660 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 20,065 10,255 9,810 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,740 2,425 2,310 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 7,120 3,580 3,545 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 8,200 4,250 3,955 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 79,160 38,325 40,835 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 8,880 4,500 4,385 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 8,310 4,270 4,040 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,345 2,770 2,575 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 4,550 2,115 2,435 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,190 2,775 3,415 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 8,475 3,870 4,605 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 10,180 4,825 5,350 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 10,175 4,905 5,265 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 9,605 4,730 4,870 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,460 3,560 3,900 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 21,695 9,680 12,010 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,460 2,975 3,490 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,140 2,400 2,745 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,025 1,850 2,170 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,070 1,325 1,745 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,995 1,125 1,865 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,900 770 1,130 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 885 305 580 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 180 40 140 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 5 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.6 15.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.5 65.8 65.2 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.9 16.6 19.2 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.9 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.0 40.9 42.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 44.3 43.4 45.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,805 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 27,155 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 7,370 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,280 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,090 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 4,855 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 825 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,450 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 60 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,800 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 9,155 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 13,635 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,430 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 8,910 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,680 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 119,680 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 100,855 48,005 52,850 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 61,100 30,395 30,705 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 56,320 28,000 28,315 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 4,780 2,395 2,390 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 39,755 17,615 22,140 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 27,090 14,085 13,005 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,310 895 1,415 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,830 1,575 3,255 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,530 1,060 4,465 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 34,560 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 14,645 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 7,505 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 8,975 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,435 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 34,560 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 29,955 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 27,570 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,385 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,600 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,710 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 890 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 29,955 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 11,890 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 18,065 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 6,100 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 8,625 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 3,340 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,600 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,755 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,405 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 440 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,010 5,490 8,520 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,800 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,645 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,070 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,570 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 940 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 10,220 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 9,155 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,070 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 120,460 58,055 62,405 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 104,200 51,105 53,095 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 70 30 40 1,810 820 985
English and French 14,270 6,160 8,105 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 1,920 760 1,160 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 120,460 58,055 62,405 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 115,305 55,870 59,440 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,150 945 1,200 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,110 490 620 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 1,895 750 1,145 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,700 1,190 1,510 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.2 2.0 2.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 120,460 58,055 62,405 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 117,340 56,580 60,760 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 84,170 41,035 43,135 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 82,045 40,105 41,940 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,125 930 1,190 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 33,170 15,545 17,625 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 33,165 15,545 17,625 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,130 1,080 1,055 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 45 15 25 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 205 115 95
Somali 35 15 20 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,080 1,055 1,020 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 20 5 10 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,865 960 905 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 25 35 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 15 30 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 20 15 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 50 25 30 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 5 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 255 115 145 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 255 110 140 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,395 500 900 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 65 30 40 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 55 20 30 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 40 15 30 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,185 415 765 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 25 10 20 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 380 185 195 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 15 10 10 280 150 135
Malayalam 85 40 40 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 225 115 115 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 50 20 25 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 20,635 9,780 10,855 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 165 80 80 1,465 765 705
Armenian 120 55 60 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 6,470 2,955 3,515 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 185 75 110 1,070 485 585
Latvian 70 30 40 565 255 300
Lithuanian 120 45 75 505 225 280
Slavic languages 6,280 2,880 3,400 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 10 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 65 35 35 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 150 75 80 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,030 495 535 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 175 75 100 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 205 100 110 325 160 165
Polish 1,925 885 1,045 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 940 405 535 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 805 380 425 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 100 40 60 1,395 670 725
Slovak 260 125 135 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 100 35 60 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 490 220 275 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 20 10 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,080 950 1,125 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 120 55 65 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 90 40 45 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 480 230 250 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 1,270 580 690 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 30 10 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 65 30 35 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 5 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 390 200 190 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 4,580 2,230 2,345 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 3,605 1,745 1,860 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 165 85 80 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 350 170 180 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 590 285 305 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 15 10 10 65 35 25
Konkani 30 15 15 255 130 125
Marathi 35 15 20 620 325 295
Nepali 15 5 10 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,075 535 545 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 55 25 30 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 50 60 1,675 845 830
Urdu 1,145 550 590 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 960 475 485 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,765 945 825
Pashto 160 80 80 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 785 390 395 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 6,820 3,290 3,530 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 2,185 1,140 1,050 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 2,095 990 1,105 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 560 255 305 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,955 900 1,060 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 65 40
Japanese 125 40 90 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 1,075 490 590 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 150 65 90 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 40 20 25 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 5 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 5 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 15 5 5 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 15 10 5 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 40 20 20 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 30 15 20 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 25 10 15 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,050 2,850 3,200 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 6,005 2,835 3,175 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,100 515 585 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 35 15 20 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 4,575 2,155 2,410 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 115 55 60 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 30 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 120 60 65 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 15 25 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 15 5 10 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 15 5 10 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 20 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 10 5 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 25 10 20 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 335 170 165 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 5 10 530 290 235
Turkish 305 155 150 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 10 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 520 240 285 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 45 25 25 705 295 410
Finnish 70 30 40 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 410 190 220 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 3,120 1,475 1,640 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 345 155 190 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 2,550 1,215 1,335 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 110 55 55 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 115 50 60 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 120,460 58,055 62,405 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 113,895 54,955 58,940 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 98,360 47,655 50,710 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 97,570 47,275 50,290 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 790 370 420 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 15,535 7,310 8,225 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,535 7,310 8,230 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 955 450 510 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 25 10 15 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 5 90 50 45
Somali 25 10 15 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 930 440 490 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 10 0 5 600 275 320
Arabic 845 405 435 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 25 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 65 70 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 130 60 65 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 650 275 370 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 25 10 20 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 580 250 330 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 140 60 75 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 25 15 15 1,225 615 605
Tamil 80 35 40 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 25 15 15 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 8,210 3,850 4,365 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 50 25 20 695 335 360
Armenian 45 20 25 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 2,820 1,325 1,495 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 55 25 30 210 90 115
Latvian 25 10 10 80 30 50
Lithuanian 30 10 20 125 60 65
Slavic languages 2,770 1,305 1,470 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 35 15 20 595 300 300
Bulgarian 70 35 35 1,035 485 550
Croatian 310 145 160 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 55 25 30 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 100 45 50 150 75 75
Polish 845 405 445 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 635 290 345 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 440 210 230 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 35 10 25 500 235 265
Slovak 105 55 50 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 145 65 85
Ukrainian 105 50 60 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 335 165 170 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 50 25 30 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 70 35 40 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 175 90 90 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 25 15 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 85 35 45 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,110 990 1,120 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,560 745 815 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 70 35 40 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 115 50 60 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 200 90 110 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 5 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 10 10 5 270 140 130
Nepali 10 0 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 505 245 265 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 25 10 15 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 30 675 330 340
Urdu 565 275 285 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 550 245 305 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,080 540 535
Pashto 90 40 50 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 445 195 245 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 2,760 1,280 1,475 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 480 205 275 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 920 430 485 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 260 120 140 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,095 525 570 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 50 20 25 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 740 355 385 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 45 15 30 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 5 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 10 5 10 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 35 10 25 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 20 5 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,240 2,035 2,195 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 4,220 2,035 2,190 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 530 265 265 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 3,535 1,690 1,845 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 20 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 25 20 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 35 35 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 5 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 5 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 180 85 95 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 195 105 95
Turkish 170 80 90 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 140 65 75 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 10 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 125 60 65 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 6,565 3,095 3,470 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 275 135 145 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 6,090 2,870 3,215 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 30 10 15 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 175 75 95 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 120,455 58,055 62,400 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 99,470 48,280 51,190 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 7,955 3,830 4,125 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,705 740 965 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 10,910 5,010 5,900 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 0 0 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 10,910 5,010 5,900 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 80 30 45 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 140 65 75 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 200 90 110 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 99,625 47,545 52,085 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,865 45,305 49,560 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,933 52,177 33,358 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,895 45,310 49,585 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,406 45,506 30,114 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,605 42,930 45,680 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,637 51,277 30,986 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,490 28,130 36,355 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,650 1,104 3,843 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,865 36,360 34,505 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,077 48,289 32,474 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 99,635 47,510 52,130 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,855 45,270 49,590 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 81,854 111,747 54,565 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,885 45,275 49,610 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,640 77,478 43,360 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,575 42,845 45,730 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 82,846 114,020 53,641 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,600 28,190 36,410 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,595 6,152 6,939 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,825 36,085 34,740 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 79,838 106,794 51,837 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 99,635 47,505 52,125 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,850 18,510 14,340 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 75,359 88,154 63,531 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 121,520 152,371 81,709 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.5 96.6 90.6 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.2 76.4 67.2 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.5 3.4 9.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 99,625 47,545 52,080 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,760 2,240 2,520 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 94,860 45,305 49,560 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.3 95.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,140 6,375 8,765 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 13,290 5,280 8,010 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 10,175 3,945 6,230 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 8,060 3,235 4,820 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 7,155 3,135 4,020 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,075 2,745 3,330 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,145 2,450 2,695 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,225 2,150 2,075 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,705 1,840 1,865 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 3,390 1,640 1,755 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 18,495 12,500 6,000 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 8,875 5,400 3,470 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 9,620 7,100 2,525 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 99,625 47,545 52,085 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,730 2,230 2,495 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 94,890 45,310 49,580 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.3 95.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,785 6,545 9,240 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 13,970 5,520 8,450 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 11,535 4,500 7,035 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 9,470 4,000 5,470 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,425 3,770 4,655 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,855 3,300 3,550 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,515 2,765 2,745 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,825 2,450 2,375 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 18,515 12,455 6,060 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 3,785 2,165 1,625 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 2,690 1,640 1,050 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 12,035 8,645 3,390 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 99,620 47,545 52,080 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 28,765 11,185 17,580 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 70,860 36,360 34,505 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.1 76.5 66.3 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,265 5,655 5,605 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,770 2,620 3,150 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,995 3,555 4,445 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 5,825 2,505 3,320 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,005 2,170 2,840 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,535 1,970 2,565 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,030 1,775 2,255 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,425 1,655 1,765 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,910 1,405 1,500 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 20,100 13,050 7,055 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,790 1,390 1,405 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,665 1,280 1,380 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 14,640 10,375 4,270 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,805 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,327 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 89,723 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,155 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,004 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,382 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,655 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 129,961 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,167 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 43,795 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 177,283 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 129,212 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,170 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 83,331 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,956 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,630 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 202,152 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 147,015 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,805 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 675 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 365 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 705 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,015 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,155 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,135 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,165 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,210 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,265 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,180 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,430 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,295 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,080 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,100 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,945 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 23,090 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,185 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,495 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,160 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,245 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,805 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 765 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 385 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 730 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,060 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,285 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,250 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,405 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,450 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,490 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,485 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,935 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,675 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,650 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,415 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,225 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,600 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,740 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,755 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,110 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,890 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 131,265 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,917 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,850 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,558 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,758 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,130 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,382 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,617 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,275 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,319 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,838 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,860 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 203,964 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 148,016 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,895 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 175,886 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 127,024 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,140 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 247,196 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 178,106 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,205 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 102,677 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 79,931 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,015 4,835 7,180 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,728 40,900 37,106 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,395 35,867 33,434 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,005 4,815 7,190 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 71,469 94,130 56,292 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 53,903 65,218 46,325 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 119,680 57,790 61,890 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 37,100 16,930 20,165 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 8,720 4,065 4,660 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 7,105 3,070 4,040 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 6,630 2,900 3,730 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 7,055 3,305 3,750 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 7,585 3,600 3,985 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 82,580 40,865 41,720 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 8,275 3,970 4,305 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 9,960 4,810 5,150 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 12,260 6,005 6,255 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 16,555 8,200 8,355 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 35,530 17,870 17,655 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 119,680 57,790 61,885 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 25,335 12,895 12,440 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,010 3,085 2,930 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 73,550 35,480 38,075 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 20,790 9,415 11,380 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,955 5,370 6,585 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,240 1,620 1,615 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 700 345 355 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,170 3,235 3,935 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,545 510 1,035 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.0 9.3 10.6 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.6 13.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 11.6 11.2 12.1 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.1 10.3 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 7.4 5.4 9.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,980 4,585 5,390 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,585 1,305 1,280 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 555 275 280 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 6,380 2,960 3,415 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,015 320 695 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.3 7.9 8.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.1 10.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.2 8.9 9.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.7 8.3 9.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 4.9 3.4 6.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 119,700 57,760 61,940 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 117,765 56,975 60,790 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 117,715 56,945 60,770 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 14,265 6,005 8,260 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 41,395 19,285 22,110 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 10 10 0 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 10 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 10 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,380 19,280 22,100 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,145 1,555 1,590 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 10 0 10 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,115 1,545 1,565 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 30 10 20 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 2,875 1,425 1,450 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 80 45 35 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 75 50 25 315 155 155
Tigrigna 25 10 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 315 140 175 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 315 140 175 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,705 640 1,070 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 10 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 100 25 70 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 55 30 30 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 70 30 40 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,610 600 1,015 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 160 60 105 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 120 35 80 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 485 230 255 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 35 15 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 85 30 60 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 280 150 130 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 105 40 60 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 26,875 12,635 14,240 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 210 120 95 1,640 840 795
Armenian 145 75 65 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 7,400 3,365 4,035 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 230 85 140 1,030 515 520
Latvian 90 40 50 555 290 265
Lithuanian 135 50 90 475 220 250
Slavic languages 7,205 3,285 3,930 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 20 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 90 45 40 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 245 120 125 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,355 660 695 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 280 105 170 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 315 155 160 400 220 185
Polish 2,250 975 1,275 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,255 530 715 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,220 550 675 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 75 30 45 1,525 770 750
Slovak 200 100 100 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 75 15 60 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 735 360 380 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 420 215 205
Celtic languages 100 45 55 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 40 15 20 660 395 265
Welsh 15 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 860 450 410
Germanic languages 3,120 1,375 1,745 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 400 185 215 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 125 60 65 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 555 235 320 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 0 465 230 240
German 2,090 940 1,155 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 30 10 25 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 95 25 70 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 15 0 15 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 510 235 275 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 6,335 3,110 3,225 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 5,130 2,525 2,605 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 230 130 100 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 485 215 270 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,820 910 910 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 25 0 10 60 30 25
Konkani 85 35 50 415 215 200
Marathi 125 75 55 1,475 780 695
Nepali 15 0 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,635 830 805 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 140 85 50 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 65 75 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 1,845 895 955 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,235 605 630 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 30 15 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 265 135 125 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,015 485 530 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 9,800 4,660 5,140 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 10 395 210 180
Italian 3,110 1,530 1,580 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 2,640 1,270 1,370 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 765 350 415 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,730 1,715 2,010 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 325 160 165 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,160 550 610 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 395 165 235 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 70 15 55 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 10 145 80 60
Ewe 20 15 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 15 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 10 165 80 85
Igbo 40 20 20 425 240 185
Lingala 10 0 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 95 45 50 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 115 50 65 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 125 45 80 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 85 20 60 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,695 3,150 3,540 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 6,640 3,125 3,510 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,480 670 805 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 40 20 20 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 5,250 2,460 2,790 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 55 65 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 55 50 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 70 80 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 30 40 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 45 20 30 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 15 10 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 20 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 20 10 15 1,630 735 890
Thai 15 10 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 465 245 215 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 30 10 15 945 510 435
Turkish 380 195 185 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 25 20 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 10 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 570 230 340 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 30 15 15 780 350 425
Finnish 85 20 65 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 450 190 260 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 119,695 57,760 61,940 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 109,005 52,950 56,055 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,110 11,745 11,370 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 85,895 41,210 44,690 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 10,690 4,805 5,885 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 119,700 57,760 61,935 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 77,805 38,300 39,505 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 40,040 18,685 21,360 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 14,260 6,720 7,540 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 4,715 2,190 2,520 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 6,785 3,175 3,615 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 8,825 4,105 4,715 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 4,530 2,110 2,415 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 4,295 1,990 2,305 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,460 2,495 2,965 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,855 780 1,075 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 40,035 18,680 21,360 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 4,085 1,880 2,210 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 7,615 4,040 3,570 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 8,015 3,395 4,620 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 16,925 7,720 9,205 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 3,405 1,645 1,755 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 40,040 18,680 21,360 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 5,110 2,185 2,930 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 160 65 90 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 295 105 195 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 55 30 25 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 220 105 115 1,305 600 710
Haiti 15 0 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 720 265 455 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 290 110 180 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 245 100 145 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 420 170 250 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,530 655 870 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,145 560 590 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 17,000 7,950 9,045 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 270 145 135 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 640 310 330 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 170 75 95 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 890 395 495 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 165 100 70 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 250 95 155 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 370 165 205 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,195 620 580 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 395 185 210 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 1,470 615 855 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 1,595 785 805 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 645 285 355 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 470 205 265 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 455 210 240 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 340 150 195 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,890 2,830 3,060 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,790 790 1,005 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,815 1,410 1,405 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 10 10 485 310 175
Egypt 990 530 455 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 20 10 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 205 105 100 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 35 10 20 985 535 455
Nigeria 215 105 110 1,740 925 815
Somalia 15 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 705 360 345 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 620 270 350 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 14,865 7,005 7,855 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 320 150 170 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 120 55 65 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,780 1,795 1,985 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 540 265 275 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 2,525 1,255 1,270 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 555 285 270 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 380 185 200 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 155 40 120 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 885 440 445 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 180 105 75 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 1,245 620 625 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 1,610 655 955 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 270 130 140 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 180 85 100 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 245 90 155 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 345 150 200 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,520 710 810 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 255 130 120 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,460 2,490 2,965 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 740 315 425 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 35 20 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 40 15 30 580 250 325
Cuba 10 10 0 140 60 80
Haiti 10 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 15 10 10 625 355 265
Mexico 105 35 70 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 320 130 195 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 35 35 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 135 65 75 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 780 340 440 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 25 10 15 970 510 460
Germany 20 10 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 30 25 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 245 120 125
Romania 35 15 20 690 310 380
Russian Federation 90 35 </