Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Ottawa Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Ottawa Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 118,038 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 113,619 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 66,363 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 59,438 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,667.5 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 32.19 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 118,040 57,865 60,170 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 14,040 7,075 6,955 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,790 2,460 2,330 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,780 2,390 2,385 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,470 2,225 2,240 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 85,780 42,650 43,130 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 5,235 2,620 2,620 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 10,440 5,035 5,405 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 12,755 6,230 6,530 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 10,780 5,405 5,380 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,400 4,220 4,180 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,740 3,845 3,900 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,580 3,810 3,770 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,235 4,250 3,990 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,585 3,825 3,760 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,015 3,415 3,605 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 18,225 8,140 10,085 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,415 3,140 3,270 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,155 1,940 2,215 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,970 1,325 1,650 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,085 880 1,205 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,600 860 1,745 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,475 555 925 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 830 240 590 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 265 55 210 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 30 0 25 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.9 12.2 11.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 72.7 73.7 71.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.4 14.1 16.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.9 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.8 40.1 41.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.3 37.9 38.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 59,435 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 13,585 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 23,140 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 22,705 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,670 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 4,045 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,390 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,420 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 180 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 59,440 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 26,835 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 19,635 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,975 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 5,025 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,970 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 114,700 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 1.9 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 104,000 50,790 53,210 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 50,140 25,390 24,750 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 36,495 18,340 18,150 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 13,650 7,050 6,600 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 53,860 25,400 28,460 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 39,725 20,520 19,195 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,785 1,240 1,540 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,925 2,780 4,140 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,435 855 3,575 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,345 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,170 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 4,935 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 4,680 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,555 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,345 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 24,295 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 17,470 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,820 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,050 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,245 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 810 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,295 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 14,515 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 9,780 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 3,895 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 4,420 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,460 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,055 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,655 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,040 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 360 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 38,580 18,605 19,980 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 59,440 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 27,810 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,275 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,540 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 265 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 31,360 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 26,840 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,525 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 116,240 57,085 59,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 66,210 34,385 31,830 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 705 275 435 1,110 530 580
English and French 47,590 21,740 25,850 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,740 685 1,050 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 116,240 57,085 59,160 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 100,950 50,105 50,845 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 11,765 5,445 6,315 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,820 860 955 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,705 675 1,035 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,675 5,875 6,795 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 10.9 10.3 11.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 116,240 57,080 59,155 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 112,750 55,365 57,385 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 90,990 45,255 45,735 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 80,085 40,175 39,905 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 10,905 5,080 5,830 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 21,760 10,105 11,650 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 100 35 60 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 5 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 0 5 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 50 15 30 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 35 15 25 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,655 10,070 11,585 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,975 1,540 1,435 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 40 20 20 95 55 35
Kabyle 30 15 15 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 530 245 285 1,355 675 680
Bilen 15 5 10 5 0 0
Oromo 30 15 10 165 95 75
Somali 475 210 255 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,405 1,275 1,125 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 215 95 120 1,140 560 585
Arabic 2,000 1,090 910 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 240 195
Harari 5 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 60 35 30 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 105 50 50 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 970 445 525 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 120 60 70 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 850 390 455 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 565 190 375 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 25 0 25 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 35 10 25 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 10 5 5 15 0 10
Malay 60 25 35 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 400 130 270 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 175 70 105 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 160 65 95 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 245 135 110 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 10 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 40 30 10 1,750 905 845
Tamil 155 85 75 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 30 20 10 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 10,605 4,985 5,620 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 90 45 45 1,090 560 530
Armenian 80 50 35 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,850 1,225 1,620 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 65 30 40 645 280 370
Latvian 35 20 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 25 5 15 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,780 1,200 1,585 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 70 30 40 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 135 60 75 1,725 805 915
Croatian 125 50 75 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 185 90 105 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 15 5 10 250 120 135
Polish 740 325 405 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 730 300 435 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 285 125 155 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 105 45 55 1,145 545 600
Slovak 65 25 35 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 285 115 170 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 15 15 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 15 5 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,390 630 765 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 5 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 60 30 30 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 320 150 170 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 0 80 30 50
German 865 380 485 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 10 15 835 410 430
Swedish 60 30 30 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 25 15 15 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 305 150 160 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 2,035 1,075 960 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,215 655 560 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 345 180 160 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 95 55 40 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 245 130 120 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 10 5 225 110 110
Marathi 30 10 20 535 280 255
Nepali 30 15 15 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 185 90 95 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 25 10 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 20 1,455 730 725
Urdu 205 130 80 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 805 410 395 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 45 20 20 1,650 875 780
Pashto 35 25 10 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 730 365 365 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,825 1,800 2,030 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 1,510 730 780 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 420 200 220 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 345 155 190 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,540 700 830 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 215 70 145 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 330 125 205 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 15 5 10 340 145 200
Mongolian 15 5 10 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 510 230 275 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 30 10 20 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 10 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 10 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 30 15 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 45 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 75 20 45 105 45 55
Shona 20 10 10 150 70 85
Swahili 125 65 60 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 10 10 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 20 10 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 190 85 100
Sign languages 25 15 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 15 5 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,390 1,970 2,420 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 4,100 1,835 2,265 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,520 675 850 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 5 15 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,195 990 1,210 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 10 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 35 35 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 35 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 105 120 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 285 130 155 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 95 45 50 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 85 35 55 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 5 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 85 20 65 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 30 10 20 800 405 400
Thai 60 10 45 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 180 95 85 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 495 275 225
Turkish 135 70 70 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 315 140 170 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 40 15 25 455 195 260
Finnish 45 15 30 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 225 110 115 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,495 1,720 1,775 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,530 750 785 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,450 750 700 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 300 130 170 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 210 90 120 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 116,240 57,085 59,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 111,505 54,820 56,690 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 101,775 50,345 51,430 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 95,505 47,490 48,010 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 6,270 2,855 3,415 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 9,730 4,470 5,260 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,710 4,465 5,245 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,480 705 770 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 5 10 40 20 20
Kabyle 15 5 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 285 125 165 695 315 380
Bilen 10 5 5 0 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 80 40 35
Somali 245 105 140 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,170 575 600 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 120 55 65 535 250 290
Arabic 970 480 485 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 10 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 65 25 35 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 630 295 335 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 50 20 25 620 290 330
Vietnamese 580 275 310 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 205 90 115 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 10 5 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 5 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 65 90 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 80 30 45 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 75 30 45 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 105 55 50 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 20 10 5 885 450 435
Tamil 70 35 30 1,935 965 965
Telugu 10 5 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 3,865 1,805 2,065 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 40 20 20 530 255 270
Armenian 35 20 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,015 450 570 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,010 445 565 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 30 15 15 540 270 270
Bulgarian 45 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 40 20 25 1,795 840 955
Czech 35 15 20 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 5 0 120 60 60
Polish 195 85 110 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 330 135 200 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 165 75 85 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 435 205 235
Slovak 25 10 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 90 40 45 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 175 85 95 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 20 10 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 130 60 75 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 10 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 95 50 45 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 860 440 425 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 405 225 180 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 175 85 90 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 20 10 5 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 65 35 30 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 0 5 245 125 120
Nepali 10 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 55 35 20 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 15 5 595 290 305
Urdu 55 35 20 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 450 210 240 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 30 15 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 25 15 15 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 400 180 215 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,635 740 895 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 620 280 340 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 175 85 95 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 130 55 75 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 695 315 375 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 70 20 50 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 125 45 75 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 125 60 70 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 15 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 15 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 45 25 20 155 60 90
Wolof 5 5 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 25 10 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,820 1,260 1,565 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 2,615 1,165 1,450 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 870 375 495 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 10 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,545 690 855 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 5 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 75 75 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 205 90 115 1,630 820 810
Burmese 75 35 40 685 350 335
Karenic languages 60 25 40 685 335 350
Tibetan 10 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 20 1,015 435 580
Lao 10 5 5 335 160 175
Thai 15 5 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 75 35 40 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 55 20 30 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 65 35 30 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 55 25 25 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 4,735 2,265 2,470 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,165 555 610 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 3,100 1,495 1,605 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 165 75 95 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 305 140 165 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 116,240 57,085 59,155 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 92,835 46,140 46,695 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 6,790 3,200 3,595 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 7,450 3,450 3,995 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 8,230 3,880 4,355 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 70 30 40 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 8,160 3,850 4,305 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 180 70 110 965 435 530
English and non-official language 210 100 110 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 535 240 295 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 100,685 49,055 51,635 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 97,815 47,650 50,165 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,924 47,828 40,906 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 97,835 47,660 50,170 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,854 41,682 36,507 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,200 43,485 45,715 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,543 50,433 41,431 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,025 30,355 35,670 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,637 763 2,651 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,800 37,310 37,490 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,157 47,016 40,073 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 100,475 48,935 51,535 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,450 47,445 50,010 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,923 68,027 54,183 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,465 47,450 50,020 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,696 53,268 44,358 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,040 43,310 45,730 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,202 70,592 54,256 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,650 30,385 35,265 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,072 5,597 6,481 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,645 37,050 37,595 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,155 64,999 51,410 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 100,475 48,935 51,540 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 38,370 19,995 18,375 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 68,079 71,503 64,644 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 80,944 87,909 73,364 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 94.8 91.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.2 74.8 71.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 5.2 8.7 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 100,690 49,055 51,635 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,870 1,400 1,475 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 97,815 47,655 50,165 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 97.1 97.1 97.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,000 5,975 6,025 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,915 6,675 8,245 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,350 4,630 5,715 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,495 3,840 4,655 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 7,730 3,460 4,270 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,370 3,410 3,955 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,645 3,065 3,580 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,580 2,710 2,875 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,850 2,440 2,410 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 4,235 2,095 2,135 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 15,645 9,350 6,295 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 10,145 5,665 4,480 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 5,500 3,685 1,815 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 100,690 49,055 51,630 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,855 1,395 1,460 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 97,830 47,660 50,175 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 97.2 97.2 97.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,490 6,115 6,370 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 15,440 6,945 8,495 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,845 5,365 6,480 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,320 4,625 5,695 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 9,890 4,525 5,365 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 8,875 4,130 4,745 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 7,245 3,570 3,675 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 6,050 3,075 2,975 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 15,685 9,310 6,370 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 4,715 2,500 2,225 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,955 1,655 1,305 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 8,015 5,160 2,850 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 100,690 49,050 51,635 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 25,885 11,745 14,140 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 74,800 37,310 37,495 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.3 76.1 72.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,385 4,130 4,250 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,340 2,480 2,860 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,985 4,105 4,880 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,065 3,355 3,715 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,830 2,830 3,005 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,445 2,515 2,925 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,490 2,625 2,870 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,855 2,260 2,595 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,080 1,980 2,095 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 19,330 11,035 8,295 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,870 1,905 1,965 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,445 1,740 1,700 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 12,015 7,390 4,630 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 59,440 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,508 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,512 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 26,835 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,130 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,288 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,600 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,206 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,475 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 59,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,935 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,888 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 26,870 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,850 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,613 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,535 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 136,343 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,194 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 59,440 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,630 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,215 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,515 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,955 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,205 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,150 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,145 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,085 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,150 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,115 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,315 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,035 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,525 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,140 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,765 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,500 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,355 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,840 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,985 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 6,330 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 59,440 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,685 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,230 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,550 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,085 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,435 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,475 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,525 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,620 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,775 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,760 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,340 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,465 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,845 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,255 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,660 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,730 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,070 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,510 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,150 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,820 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,439 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,369 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,110 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,317 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,386 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,810 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 164,648 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,774 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,940 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,382 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,120 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,755 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,468 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,836 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 14,015 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 135,130 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,669 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,780 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 192,585 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 149,229 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,945 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 75,019 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,107 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 36,485 17,625 18,860 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,028 35,278 38,359 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,495 31,955 34,622 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 36,320 17,420 18,900 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,087 49,535 48,675 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,547 40,419 40,665 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 114,700 56,120 58,580 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 46,330 22,320 24,010 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 15,535 7,780 7,750 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 9,550 4,515 5,040 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 7,320 3,475 3,845 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 6,655 3,095 3,560 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,265 3,455 3,815 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 68,375 33,800 34,570 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 7,930 3,790 4,145 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 9,215 4,405 4,810 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 11,190 5,420 5,765 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 15,700 7,790 7,905 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 24,335 12,395 11,940 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 114,700 56,120 58,585 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 16,635 8,410 8,225 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 5,745 2,975 2,770 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 81,430 40,045 41,385 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,635 7,660 8,975 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,860 9,180 9,675 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,735 1,425 1,315 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 940 490 450 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 13,425 6,575 6,845 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,700 1,185 1,510 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.4 16.4 16.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.9 16.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 16.4 16.5 16.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.5 16.4 16.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 16.2 15.5 16.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 18,065 8,965 9,100 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,160 1,125 1,035 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 765 410 355 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 13,850 6,960 6,890 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,055 880 1,170 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 15.7 16.0 15.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0 13.4 12.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.3 13.8 12.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 17.0 17.4 16.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 12.4 11.5 13.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 114,515 56,010 58,505 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 112,835 55,395 57,440 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 112,165 55,160 57,005 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 47,755 21,720 26,030 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 32,625 15,060 17,565 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 205 60 150 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 100 40 65 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 50 20 30 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 15 35 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 45 20 25 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 90 10 75 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 10 10 10 0
Inuktitut 70 15 55 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 20 0 15 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 15 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,440 15,015 17,420 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,595 2,445 2,150 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 65 30 40 125 80 45
Kabyle 55 25 30 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 730 335 400 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 10 15 190 110 80
Somali 670 300 365 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,890 2,125 1,765 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 295 145 150 1,755 905 855
Arabic 3,095 1,725 1,375 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 390 200 185 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 10 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 190 75 110 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,225 610 615 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 180 90 85 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,040 515 530 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 790 310 475 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 30 10 15 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 40 15 30 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 25 15 10 10 0 0
Malay 130 75 55 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 20 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 570 195 370 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 505 200 305 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 30 15 20 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 405 155 245 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 35 50 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 310 170 140 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 35 15 25 445 210 235
Malayalam 65 30 30 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 180 110 70 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 65 30 35 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 18,410 8,275 10,135 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 70 35 40 1,135 580 555
Armenian 95 45 50 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,595 1,590 2,010 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 100 30 70 635 310 325
Latvian 40 15 30 310 175 140
Lithuanian 55 15 40 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,515 1,565 1,955 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 20 0 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 90 35 60 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 160 70 90 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 200 100 100 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 265 115 150 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 45 15 30 345 180 160
Polish 900 380 515 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,305 605 695 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 330 140 185 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 115 55 60 1,240 595 645
Slovak 110 60 50 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 25 20 725 330 400
Ukrainian 355 160 190 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 80 40 40 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 10 350 225 120
Welsh 15 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 685 370 320
Germanic languages 3,350 1,620 1,735 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 55 30 25 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 125 75 50 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 410 195 220 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 10 120 55 65
German 2,600 1,240 1,355 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 70 35 35 1,405 730 680
Swedish 175 85 90 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 40 10 25 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 455 215 235 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 2,455 1,265 1,190 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 1,635 825 810 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 425 200 230 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 135 70 60 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 795 410 385 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 40 25 15 375 185 190
Marathi 90 40 45 1,275 650 625
Nepali 35 15 20 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 215 105 110 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 50 15 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 50 30 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 290 165 125 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 865 465 405 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 60 40 20 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 55 30 25 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 805 420 385 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 9,535 4,010 5,525 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 45 15 25 245 125 120
Italian 2,755 1,210 1,545 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 725 375 345 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 410 180 225 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 6,255 2,545 3,715 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 220 130 85
Japanese 595 310 285 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 365 140 220 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 20 15 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 910 420 490 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 65 45 20 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 10 0 20 10 10
Edo 30 20 15 115 65 55
Ewe 0 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 20 10 10 105 60 45
Igbo 40 25 15 240 140 95
Lingala 115 55 60 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 115 40 80 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 90 25 70 210 95 115
Shona 15 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 315 150 165 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 30 10 20 30 15 15
Yoruba 60 30 25 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 180 80 100 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 20 10 300 150 150
Dinka 20 15 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 205 85 115 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 135 45 95 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,225 2,440 2,785 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 4,810 2,245 2,570 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,995 965 1,030 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 15 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,995 1,325 1,670 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 45 35 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 10 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 155 80 75 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 420 195 220 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 160 70 95 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 150 70 75 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 160 70 90 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 45 20 25 1,125 505 620
Thai 130 55 70 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 305 135 170 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 40 20 15 835 455 385
Turkish 245 105 145 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 345 170 175 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 85 40 45 495 205 295
Finnish 60 30 35 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 205 105 100 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 114,515 56,015 58,505 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 106,920 52,360 54,560 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,960 8,070 7,885 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 90,965 44,290 46,675 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,595 3,655 3,940 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 114,515 56,010 58,500 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 88,280 43,405 44,875 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 23,335 11,100 12,240 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,475 3,720 3,755 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,050 1,510 1,545 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 4,795 2,150 2,645 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 5,125 2,395 2,730 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,380 1,120 1,255 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,750 1,270 1,475 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,885 1,330 1,560 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,895 1,505 1,390 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 23,335 11,095 12,235 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,855 1,510 1,345 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 4,345 2,270 2,080 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 4,995 2,370 2,630 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 9,060 4,120 4,945 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,075 830 1,245 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,335 11,100 12,240 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,675 1,660 2,025 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 130 70 60 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 210 65 145 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 170 80 95 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 65 30 40 920 415 500
Haiti 315 125 190 265 110 160
Jamaica 260 100 155 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 170 85 85 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 115 45 65 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 90 50 40 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,495 715 785 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 660 300 360 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 8,190 3,985 4,200 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 180 65 120 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 85 40 45 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 395 180 215 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 505 210 295 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 160 90 75 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 120 65 55 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 160 45 115 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,025 495 530 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 245 115 130 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 485 215 265 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 135 80 60 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 340 170 170 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 320 125 190 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 175 80 95 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 215 105 110 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,510 1,340 1,170 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,135 560 570 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,575 1,190 1,385 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 110 55 55 430 270 150
Egypt 280 155 125 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 275 130 140 1,665 835 825
Kenya 55 20 35 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 105 40 65 730 385 340
Nigeria 105 40 65 1,205 630 575
Somalia 310 135 170 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 110 55 55 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,220 550 670 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 8,715 4,140 4,575 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 75 50 30 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 205 95 110 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,975 790 1,180 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 425 220 210 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 710 350 360 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 560 290 270 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 160 110 50 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 155 30 125 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 220 100 120 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 615 310 300 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 175 95 85 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 555 210 345 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 130 75 55 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 280 155 125 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 75 35 40 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 810 400 410 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,590 830 760 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 185 125 60 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,885 1,330 1,555 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 420 185 235 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 45 30 15 960 445 520
Colombia 10 10 10 465 220 240
Cuba 15 0 10 70 35 30
Haiti 45 10 35 15 0 10
Jamaica 15 10 10 160 115 45
Mexico 60 30 25 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 140 70 75 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 15 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 75 30 50 1,855 875 975
Europe 440 205 230 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 65 30 40 790 415 370
Germany 25 10 20 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 15 10