Census Profile, 2016 Census
Orléans [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Orléans
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Orléans [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Orléans [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 128,281 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 119,247 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,612 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,010 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 625.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 205.03 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 128,285 62,010 66,275 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 23,130 11,785 11,350 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 7,055 3,545 3,510 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,035 4,125 3,910 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,040 4,110 3,930 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 87,405 41,885 45,520 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,580 4,320 4,260 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,465 4,155 4,310 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,915 3,390 3,525 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 7,760 3,695 4,070 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,400 3,970 4,435 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,765 4,150 4,610 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,180 4,290 4,885 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 10,670 5,080 5,590 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 10,265 4,840 5,425 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 8,405 4,000 4,405 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 17,745 8,340 9,405 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 7,070 3,445 3,620 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,675 2,300 2,375 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,770 1,325 1,450 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,715 790 925 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,515 480 1,040 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 930 340 590 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 460 120 340 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 105 20 85 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 0 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 19.0 17.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.1 67.5 68.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.8 13.4 14.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.2 0.8 1.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.5 38.8 40.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.5 39.6 41.3 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 46,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,095 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 605 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 19,210 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,930 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 13,720 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,170 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,375 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 105 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 46,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 7,770 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,045 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,675 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 8,845 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,675 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 126,750 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 105,150 50,225 54,930 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 65,485 32,655 32,830 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 56,460 28,155 28,305 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 9,025 4,500 4,530 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 39,660 17,570 22,095 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 27,615 14,025 13,590 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,575 975 1,605 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,405 1,755 3,645 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,070 810 3,260 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 38,065 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,215 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,625 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 8,725 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,510 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 38,070 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 32,240 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 27,730 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,510 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,825 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,490 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,330 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 32,245 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 13,915 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 18,325 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,745 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 8,215 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,370 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,825 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,295 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,885 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 645 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,935 5,350 7,585 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 46,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 36,165 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,155 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 23,010 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 940 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,905 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 7,770 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,135 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 127,065 61,500 65,570 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 54,345 27,545 26,800 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 3,665 1,585 2,080 1,110 530 580
English and French 68,200 32,065 36,135 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 865 300 555 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 127,070 61,500 65,570 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 81,495 40,265 41,230 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 41,470 19,425 22,045 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 3,270 1,520 1,755 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 830 290 540 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 43,105 20,190 22,920 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 33.9 32.8 35.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 127,065 61,500 65,565 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 121,995 59,140 62,855 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 103,255 50,355 52,900 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 64,675 32,170 32,510 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 38,575 18,190 20,395 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 18,740 8,780 9,955 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 40 10 25 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 15 5 15 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,700 8,770 9,930 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,265 2,160 2,110 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 65 35 30 95 55 35
Kabyle 30 15 15 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 425 190 235 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 405 180 225 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 3,775 1,930 1,845 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 105 50 55 1,140 560 585
Arabic 3,570 1,830 1,735 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 25 15 15 25 10 15
Hebrew 15 10 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 0 0 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 50 25 25 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 215 240 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 425 200 225 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 685 235 455 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 25 5 20 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 30 10 20 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 5 5 15 0 10
Malay 50 15 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 550 180 365 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 1,030 430 605 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 60 25 35 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 945 390 550 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 245 125 120 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 60 30 30 1,750 905 845
Tamil 140 70 70 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 35 20 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 8,795 4,170 4,635 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 45 25 20 1,090 560 530
Armenian 60 30 30 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,475 675 800 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 35 15 20 645 280 370
Latvian 20 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,440 660 780 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 10 5 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 100 50 50 1,725 805 915
Croatian 55 25 25 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 75 30 45 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 0 5 5 250 120 135
Polish 575 280 290 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 310 125 185 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 75 30 45 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 45 20 30 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 545 250 290
Ukrainian 165 70 90 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 815 365 445 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 0 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 10 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 190 100 90 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 5 80 30 50
German 540 230 310 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 0 0 835 410 430
Swedish 30 20 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 195 105 90 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 3,565 1,710 1,850 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,370 1,135 1,240 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 435 215 225 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 130 60 70 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 285 135 155 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 20 10 15 225 110 110
Marathi 5 5 0 535 280 255
Nepali 40 20 20 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 575 285 295 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 35 10 25 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 65 1,455 730 725
Urdu 705 330 375 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,190 580 610 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 125 65 65 1,650 875 780
Pashto 185 85 95 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 885 430 455 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,645 1,255 1,395 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 470 255 215 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 675 315 360 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 175 85 95 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,320 590 720 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 100 30 65 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 0 5 65 40 25
Korean 135 60 75 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 745 335 410 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 55 25 25 405 220 180
Bamanankan 20 10 5 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 15 0 15 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 20 10 5
Ga 15 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 15 10 5 65 35 30
Igbo 30 10 15 160 90 65
Lingala 25 10 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 60 75 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 25 45 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 110 45 65 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 25 15 10 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 195 90 105 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 5 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,930 880 1,050 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,905 865 1,035 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 865 395 465 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 25 10 15 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 885 400 480 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 30 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 20 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 25 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 15 5 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 0 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 25 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 5 5 800 405 400
Thai 25 0 20 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 100 50 50 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 495 275 225
Turkish 80 40 40 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 120 50 65 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5 5 0 455 195 260
Finnish 30 10 20 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 80 40 45 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 5,075 2,360 2,715 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 2,415 1,125 1,295 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,460 680 780 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 810 380 435 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 390 175 210 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 127,070 61,500 65,570 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 119,395 57,955 61,440 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 111,195 54,125 57,075 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 80,870 40,065 40,800 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 30,330 14,055 16,270 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 8,195 3,830 4,365 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,180 3,825 4,360 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,145 1,050 1,095 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 35 20 20 40 20 20
Kabyle 25 15 15 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 190 75 110 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 80 40 35
Somali 180 70 105 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,920 955 965 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 40 15 25 535 250 290
Arabic 1,845 925 920 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 5 5 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 15 10 10 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 260 115 140 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 245 110 140 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 240 100 140 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 10 5 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 5 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 15 10 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 205 85 120 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 420 155 265 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 30 10 20 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 375 140 235 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 110 50 55 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 25 10 15 885 450 435
Tamil 65 30 30 1,935 965 965
Telugu 20 10 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 3,470 1,625 1,840 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 20 15 10 530 255 270
Armenian 30 10 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 520 250 265 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 20 5 10 160 75 90
Latvian 15 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 495 240 260 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 45 20 25 925 425 495
Croatian 10 5 5 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 10 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 210 105 100 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 150 70 80 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 25 10 15 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 15 10 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 20 10 15 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 75 35 40 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 10 10 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 50 20 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 25 15 15 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,880 885 995 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,195 555 635 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 270 125 145 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 40 15 20 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 135 60 75 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 10 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 30 15 15 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 350 160 185 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 30 30 595 290 305
Urdu 300 140 160 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 685 325 355 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 60 35 25 1,025 515 505
Pashto 100 45 50 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 525 250 275 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 925 425 500 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 5 60 30 35
Italian 25 15 15 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 195 90 105 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 65 35 30 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 635 285 345 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 35 15 20 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 65 30 30 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 80 90 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 5 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ga 10 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 20 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 15 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 10 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 35 15 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 0 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 10 15 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,160 545 610 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,140 540 605 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 495 225 270 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 590 290 295 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 5 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 5 0 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 50 20 30 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 185 95 90
Turkish 45 15 20 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 20 10 10 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 15 10 5 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 7,675 3,545 4,130 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 2,970 1,375 1,600 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 3,200 1,505 1,700 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 760 325 435 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 745 345 400 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 127,070 61,500 65,570 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 88,220 43,455 44,775 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 17,495 8,150 9,345 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 12,635 5,875 6,755 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 7,200 3,330 3,870 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 20 0 15 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 7,185 3,330 3,855 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 440 200 240 965 435 530
English and non-official language 550 260 290 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 510 220 290 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 103,660 49,650 54,010 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,880 47,325 51,560 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,734 56,949 42,220 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,960 47,325 51,635 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,183 48,688 37,054 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,950 45,085 47,870 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,009 55,019 40,098 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,090 27,990 37,105 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,364 1,635 3,992 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,275 38,245 39,040 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,268 52,096 41,730 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 103,675 49,610 54,065 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,995 47,315 51,680 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,087 64,495 48,389 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,080 47,320 51,760 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,940 52,223 40,197 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,050 45,140 47,910 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 55,077 63,813 46,846 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,795 27,565 37,230 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,594 6,204 6,882 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,260 38,220 39,035 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,377 59,738 47,149 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 103,675 49,610 54,065 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 41,415 21,770 19,645 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 67,251 72,708 62,244 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 73,827 80,302 66,652 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.2 94.3 89.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.3 74.9 73.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.7 5.7 10.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 103,660 49,650 54,010 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,780 2,330 2,450 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 98,880 47,325 51,560 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.4 95.3 95.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,690 5,005 6,690 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 12,235 4,765 7,465 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 9,140 3,610 5,530 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,530 3,615 4,915 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 9,005 3,880 5,130 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 9,175 4,140 5,035 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 8,510 4,135 4,375 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 6,750 3,535 3,220 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 5,965 3,260 2,700 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 5,370 2,945 2,425 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 12,505 8,440 4,065 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 9,565 6,225 3,335 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,940 2,210 725 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 103,660 49,650 54,010 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,700 2,325 2,375 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 98,955 47,325 51,630 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.5 95.3 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,490 5,095 7,400 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 12,735 5,060 7,675 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 10,735 4,295 6,440 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 11,020 4,775 6,245 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 11,775 5,195 6,580 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 11,075 5,380 5,700 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 8,925 4,845 4,080 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 7,465 4,080 3,390 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 12,730 8,610 4,125 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 5,090 3,145 1,945 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,725 1,825 895 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,915 3,635 1,280 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 103,660 49,650 54,010 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 26,380 11,410 14,970 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 77,280 38,240 39,040 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.6 77.0 72.3 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,845 4,380 4,465 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,275 2,290 2,985 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,280 3,665 4,615 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,250 2,785 3,465 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,050 2,740 3,310 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,255 2,680 3,580 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 6,660 2,930 3,730 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 6,015 2,810 3,210 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,790 2,455 2,330 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 18,860 11,515 7,350 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 4,945 2,595 2,350 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 4,435 2,415 2,020 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 9,480 6,500 2,975 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 46,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,391 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 89,882 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,770 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,811 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,811 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 38,240 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 118,460 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,686 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 46,020 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 120,648 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 98,904 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,775 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 65,076 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,690 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 38,245 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 131,945 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,298 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 46,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 235 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 160 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 265 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 440 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 570 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 635 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 755 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 910 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,065 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,050 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,555 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,975 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,970 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,230 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,250 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 24,940 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,095 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,545 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 7,205 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,095 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 46,010 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 265 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 170 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 275 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 460 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 665 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 745 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 980 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,230 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,350 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,545 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,570 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,730 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,125 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,950 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,665 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,305 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,465 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,180 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,665 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 37,520 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,340 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,509 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,860 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,006 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,395 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,415 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,699 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,343 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,405 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,647 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,380 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 37,560 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 131,710 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,992 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,940 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,395 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,857 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,385 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,413 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,280 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,415 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,263 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,164 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 10,435 4,430 6,010 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 53,152 54,156 52,461 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,995 45,918 44,464 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,440 4,480 5,960 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 57,982 57,775 58,137 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,462 47,115 47,722 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 126,745 61,405 65,345 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 35,660 16,785 18,870 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 4,500 2,175 2,325 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 5,590 2,580 3,010 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 6,910 3,275 3,635 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 8,235 3,870 4,365 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 10,420 4,890 5,530 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 91,090 44,615 46,475 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 12,695 5,990 6,700 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 15,745 7,590 8,155 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 18,990 9,335 9,655 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 23,820 11,705 12,110 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 19,845 9,990 9,855 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 126,750 61,400 65,345 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 28,045 14,240 13,800 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,615 4,340 4,280 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 82,075 39,125 42,950 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,625 8,035 8,590 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,675 3,135 3,545 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,160 1,140 1,015 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 665 340 325 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 3,835 1,725 2,110 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 685 265 415 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 5.3 5.1 5.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 7.7 8.0 7.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 7.8 7.6 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 4.7 4.4 4.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.3 4.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,465 2,590 2,875 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,620 820 800 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 505 245 255 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 3,435 1,630 1,800 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 415 145 270 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.3 4.2 4.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.8 5.8 5.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 5.9 5.6 6.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 4.2 4.2 4.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.5 1.8 3.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 126,735 61,340 65,390 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 125,865 61,035 64,825 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 122,235 59,565 62,665 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 71,550 33,255 38,295 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 28,710 13,315 15,400 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 35 15 15 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 20 15 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 10 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,680 13,300 15,385 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,095 3,035 3,065 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 60 30 30 125 80 45
Kabyle 25 10 15 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 710 335 375 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 25 0 15 190 110 80
Somali 685 320 360 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 5,400 2,695 2,705 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 150 75 75 1,755 905 855
Arabic 5,190 2,585 2,600 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 55 35 20 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 15 0 10 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 495 245 255 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 20 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 470 230 240 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 895 305 590 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 60 20 40 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 55 20 30 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 30 15 20 10 0 0
Malay 85 25 55 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 745 245 500 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 2,615 1,150 1,465 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 75 35 45 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 2,405 1,060 1,345 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 60 80 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 305 140 165 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 15 15 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 85 30 55 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 160 75 85 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 55 30 25 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 14,315 6,645 7,665 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 85 40 45 1,135 580 555
Armenian 95 45 45 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,805 840 965 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 50 15 30 635 310 325
Latvian 20 10 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 20 10 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,770 825 940 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 85 30 55 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 100 45 60 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 100 55 40 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 10 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 650 330 315 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 550 255 295 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 85 45 35 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 75 35 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 725 330 400
Ukrainian 200 50 155 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 40 10 35 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 15 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,655 775 880 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 40 20 20 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 15 0 10 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 235 110 130 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 10 120 55 65
German 1,345 640 705 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 20 10 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 35 20 20 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 250 135 115 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 4,880 2,425 2,455 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 3,425 1,675 1,750 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 640 355 280 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 180 95 80 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,130 555 575 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 10 0 45 25 20
Konkani 25 10 10 375 185 190
Marathi 70 35 30 1,275 650 625
Nepali 50 10 35 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,035 495 545 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 70 35 35 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 70 60 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,205 600 600 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,585 815 770 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 155 90 60 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 315 170 145 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,290 655 640 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 5,995 2,600 3,390 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 915 435 480 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 945 450 495 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 200 90 115 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,245 1,760 2,490 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 225 100 125 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 200 90 110 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 10 10 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,545 675 875 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 80 30 45 495 280 215
Bamanankan 60 25 40 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 55 20 35 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 10 20 45 10 35
Ga 45 30 20 95 60 35
Ganda 10 0 10 105 60 45
Igbo 65 25 40 240 140 95
Lingala 245 115 135 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 205 75 130 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 140 45 90 210 95 115
Shona 30 10 15 265 125 140
Swahili 395 210 190 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 15 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 90 45 40 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 430 190 240 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 205 85 130 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 95 35 60 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,315 1,115 1,200 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 2,300 1,110 1,195 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,060 490 570 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 35 20 20 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,360 625 730 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 55 40 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 15 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 35 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 10 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 10 10 10 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 75 20 50 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 25 15 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 45 0 35 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 145 70 75 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 15 0 10 835 455 385
Turkish 125 60 65 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 145 55 90 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 0 0 0 495 205 295
Finnish 55 15 40 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 85 35 50 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 126,735 61,345 65,395 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 122,160 59,290 62,870 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 27,330 13,840 13,495 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 94,825 45,445 49,380 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,580 2,055 2,525 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 126,735 61,340 65,395 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 102,700 50,140 52,565 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 23,460 10,965 12,500 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 6,050 3,020 3,030 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,885 1,830 2,055 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 5,390 2,365 3,025 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 5,815 2,670 3,140 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,875 1,290 1,585 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,935 1,380 1,560 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,325 1,075 1,245 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 575 245 330 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 23,460 10,960 12,500 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,695 1,295 1,400 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 4,520 2,235 2,285 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 5,065 2,240 2,825 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 9,640 4,465 5,175 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,540 725 815 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,465 10,960 12,500 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 5,190 2,190 3,000 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 85 35 55 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 180 70 110 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 130 65 65 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 275 120 150 920 415 500
Haiti 1,790 735 1,050 265 110 160
Jamaica 570 265 305 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 160 65 95 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 110 40 65 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 150 55 100 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 870 370 495 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 870 360 505 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 4,920 2,375 2,545 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 15 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 35 15 15 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 315 130 185 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 470 200 275 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 55 40 15 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 40 20 20 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 45 35 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 235 135 95 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 175 85 85 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 380 175 210 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 390 205 180 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 170 70 100 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 185 70 110 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 45 25 20 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 130 70 60 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,475 775 700 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 725 310 415 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 4,125 1,960 2,170 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 125 70 50 430 270 150
Egypt 515 255 265 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 220 100 115 1,665 835 825
Kenya 125 70 55 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 245 110 130 730 385 340
Nigeria 195 100 95 1,205 630 575
Somalia 270 120 155 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 85 40 50 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,340 1,085 1,260 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 9,160 4,410 4,750 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 465 235 230 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 405 215 190 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,090 470 625 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 330 150 180 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,225 635 590 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 470 230 245 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 240 135 105 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 70 10 55 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 115 50 60 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,545 805 740 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 705 345 365 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 750 270 480 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 160 75 90 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 215 90 120 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 55 40 20 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 370 170 195 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 960 485 475 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 25 40 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,325 1,080 1,250 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 530 220 305 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 30 15 15 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 270 100 170 15 0 10
Jamaica 10 10 0 160 115 45
Mexico 20 10 20 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 55 60 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 75 30 45 1,855 875 975
Europe 300 145 155 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 50 30 15 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 25 10 15 545