Census Profile, 2016 Census
Orléans [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Orléans
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Orléans [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Orléans [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 128,281 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 119,247 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.6 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,612 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,010 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 625.7 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 205.03 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 128,285 62,010 66,275 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 23,130 11,785 11,350 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 7,055 3,545 3,510 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 8,035 4,125 3,910 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 8,040 4,110 3,930 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 87,405 41,885 45,520 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 8,580 4,320 4,260 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 8,465 4,155 4,310 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 6,915 3,390 3,525 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,760 3,695 4,070 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 8,400 3,970 4,435 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 8,765 4,150 4,610 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 9,180 4,290 4,885 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 10,670 5,080 5,590 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 10,265 4,840 5,425 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 8,405 4,000 4,405 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 17,745 8,340 9,405 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 7,070 3,445 3,620 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,675 2,300 2,375 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,770 1,325 1,450 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,715 790 925 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,515 480 1,040 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 930 340 590 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 460 120 340 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 105 20 85 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 0 20 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 19.0 17.1 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.1 67.5 68.7 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 13.8 13.4 14.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.2 0.8 1.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.5 38.8 40.2 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.5 39.6 41.3 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 46,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,095 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 605 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 19,210 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,930 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 13,720 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,170 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,375 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 105 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 46,010 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 7,770 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 16,045 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 8,675 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 8,845 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,675 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 126,750 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 105,150 50,225 54,930 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 65,485 32,655 32,830 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 56,460 28,155 28,305 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 9,025 4,500 4,530 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 39,660 17,570 22,095 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 27,615 14,025 13,590 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,575 975 1,605 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 5,405 1,755 3,645 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,070 810 3,260 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 38,065 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 17,215 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 8,625 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 8,725 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,510 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 38,070 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 32,240 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 27,730 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,510 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,825 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,490 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,330 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 32,245 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 13,915 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 18,325 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 6,745 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 8,215 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 3,370 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,825 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,295 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,885 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 645 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,935 5,350 7,585 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 46,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 36,165 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,155 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 23,010 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 940 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,905 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 7,770 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,135 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 127,065 61,500 65,570 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 54,345 27,545 26,800 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 3,665 1,585 2,080 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 68,200 32,065 36,135 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 865 300 555 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 127,070 61,500 65,570 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 81,495 40,265 41,230 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 41,470 19,425 22,045 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 3,270 1,520 1,755 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 830 290 540 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 43,105 20,190 22,920 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 33.9 32.8 35.0 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 127,065 61,500 65,565 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 121,995 59,140 62,855 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 103,255 50,355 52,900 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 64,675 32,170 32,510 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 38,575 18,190 20,395 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 18,740 8,780 9,955 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 40 10 25 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 15 5 15 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 15 5 10 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,700 8,770 9,930 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,265 2,160 2,110 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 65 35 30 725 405 320
Kabyle 30 15 15 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 425 190 235 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 15 5 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 405 180 225 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 3,775 1,930 1,845 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 105 50 55 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 3,570 1,830 1,735 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 25 15 15 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 15 10 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 0 0 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 50 25 25 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 215 240 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 425 200 225 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 685 235 455 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 25 5 20 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 30 10 20 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 5 5 100 45 55
Malay 50 15 30 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 550 180 365 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 1,030 430 605 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 60 25 35 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 945 390 550 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 245 125 120 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 10 5 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 60 30 30 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 140 70 70 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 35 20 20 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 8,795 4,170 4,635 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 45 25 20 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 60 30 30 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 1,475 675 800 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 35 15 20 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 20 10 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 15 5 10 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 1,440 660 780 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 10 5 10 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 100 50 50 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 55 25 25 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 75 30 45 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 0 5 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 575 280 290 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 310 125 185 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 75 30 45 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 45 20 30 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 165 70 90 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 0 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 815 365 445 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 5 0 5 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 25 10 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 190 100 90 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 5 5 1,240 630 620
German 540 230 310 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 0 0 940 405 540
Swedish 30 20 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 195 105 90 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 3,565 1,710 1,850 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,370 1,135 1,240 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 435 215 225 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 130 60 70 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 285 135 155 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 5 0 345 170 175
Konkani 20 10 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 5 5 0 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 40 20 20 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 575 285 295 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 35 10 25 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 65 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 705 330 375 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,190 580 610 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 125 65 65 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 185 85 95 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 885 430 455 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 2,645 1,255 1,395 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 470 255 215 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 675 315 360 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 175 85 95 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,320 590 720 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 100 30 65 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 0 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 135 60 75 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 745 335 410 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 55 25 25 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 20 10 5 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 15 0 15 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 365 180 185
Ga 15 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 15 10 5 760 360 400
Igbo 30 10 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 25 10 15 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 60 75 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 25 45 1,330 545 785
Shona 15 5 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 110 45 65 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 25 15 10 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 195 90 105 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 20 5 15 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,930 880 1,050 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,905 865 1,035 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 865 395 465 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 10 15 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 885 400 480 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 30 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 20 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 25 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 15 5 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 5 0 5 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 25 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 10 5 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 25 0 20 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 100 50 50 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 80 40 40 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 120 50 65 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5 5 0 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 30 10 20 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 80 40 45 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,075 2,360 2,715 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 2,415 1,125 1,295 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 1,460 680 780 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 810 380 435 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 390 175 210 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 127,070 61,500 65,570 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 119,395 57,955 61,440 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 111,195 54,125 57,075 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 80,870 40,065 40,800 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 30,330 14,055 16,270 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 8,195 3,830 4,365 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 0 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,180 3,825 4,360 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,145 1,050 1,095 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 35 20 20 345 175 170
Kabyle 25 15 15 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 190 75 110 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 180 70 105 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,920 955 965 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 40 15 25 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,845 925 920 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 5 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 5 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 15 10 10 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 260 115 140 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 245 110 140 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 240 100 140 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 10 5 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 5 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 15 10 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 205 85 120 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 420 155 265 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 30 10 20 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 375 140 235 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 110 50 55 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 25 10 15 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 65 30 30 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 20 10 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 3,470 1,625 1,840 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 20 15 10 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 30 10 15 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 520 250 265 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 20 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 15 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 495 240 260 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 0 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 45 20 25 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 10 5 5 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 15 10 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 210 105 100 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 150 70 80 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 25 10 15 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 15 10 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 20 10 15 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 75 35 40 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 10 10 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 50 20 30 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 25 15 15 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 1,880 885 995 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,195 555 635 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 270 125 145 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 40 15 20 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 135 60 75 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 10 5 10 540 260 280
Marathi 0 0 0 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 30 15 15 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 350 160 185 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 30 30 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 300 140 160 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 685 325 355 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 60 35 25 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 100 45 50 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 525 250 275 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 925 425 500 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 5 135 60 75
Italian 25 15 15 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 195 90 105 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 65 35 30 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 635 285 345 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 35 15 20 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 65 30 30 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 170 80 90 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 5 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 110 55 55
Ga 10 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 10 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 5 5 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 10 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 20 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 15 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 10 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 35 15 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 0 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 10 15 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,160 545 610 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,140 540 605 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 495 225 270 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 590 290 295 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 5 5 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 5 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 5 5 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 0 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 50 20 30 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 770 385 380
Turkish 45 15 20 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 20 10 10 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 0 0 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 15 10 5 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 7,675 3,545 4,130 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 2,970 1,375 1,600 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 3,200 1,505 1,700 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 760 325 435 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 745 345 400 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 127,070 61,500 65,570 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 88,220 43,455 44,775 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 17,495 8,150 9,345 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 12,635 5,875 6,755 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 7,200 3,330 3,870 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 20 0 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 7,185 3,330 3,855 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 440 200 240 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 550 260 290 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 510 220 290 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 103,660 49,650 54,010 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,880 47,325 51,560 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,734 56,949 42,220 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,960 47,325 51,635 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,183 48,688 37,054 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,950 45,085 47,870 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,009 55,019 40,098 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,090 27,990 37,105 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,364 1,635 3,992 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,275 38,245 39,040 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,268 52,096 41,730 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 103,675 49,610 54,065 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,995 47,315 51,680 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,087 64,495 48,389 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,080 47,320 51,760 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,940 52,223 40,197 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,050 45,140 47,910 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 55,077 63,813 46,846 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,795 27,565 37,230 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,594 6,204 6,882 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,260 38,220 39,035 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,377 59,738 47,149 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 103,675 49,610 54,065 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 41,415 21,770 19,645 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 67,251 72,708 62,244 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 73,827 80,302 66,652 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.2 94.3 89.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.3 74.9 73.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.7 5.7 10.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 103,660 49,650 54,010 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 4,780 2,330 2,450 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 98,880 47,325 51,560 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.4 95.3 95.5 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,690 5,005 6,690 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 12,235 4,765 7,465 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 9,140 3,610 5,530 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,530 3,615 4,915 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,005 3,880 5,130 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 9,175 4,140 5,035 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 8,510 4,135 4,375 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 6,750 3,535 3,220 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 5,965 3,260 2,700 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 5,370 2,945 2,425 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 12,505 8,440 4,065 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 9,565 6,225 3,335 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,940 2,210 725 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 103,660 49,650 54,010 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 4,700 2,325 2,375 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 98,955 47,325 51,630 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.5 95.3 95.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,490 5,095 7,400 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 12,735 5,060 7,675 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 10,735 4,295 6,440 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 11,020 4,775 6,245 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 11,775 5,195 6,580 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 11,075 5,380 5,700 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 8,925 4,845 4,080 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 7,465 4,080 3,390 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 12,730 8,610 4,125 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 5,090 3,145 1,945 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,725 1,825 895 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,915 3,635 1,280 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 103,660 49,650 54,010 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 26,380 11,410 14,970 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 77,280 38,240 39,040 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 74.6 77.0 72.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,845 4,380 4,465 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,275 2,290 2,985 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 8,280 3,665 4,615 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,250 2,785 3,465 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,050 2,740 3,310 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,255 2,680 3,580 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 6,660 2,930 3,730 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 6,015 2,810 3,210 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 4,790 2,455 2,330 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 18,860 11,515 7,350 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 4,945 2,595 2,350 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 4,435 2,415 2,020 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 9,480 6,500 2,975 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 46,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,391 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 89,882 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,770 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,811 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,811 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 38,240 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 118,460 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,686 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 46,020 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 120,648 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 98,904 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,775 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 65,076 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,690 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 38,245 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 131,945 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,298 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 46,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 235 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 160 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 265 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 440 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 570 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 635 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 755 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 910 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,065 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,050 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,555 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,975 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,970 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,230 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,250 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 24,940 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,095 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,545 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 7,205 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,095 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 46,010 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 265 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 170 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 275 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 460 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 665 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 745 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 980 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,230 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,350 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,545 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,570 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,730 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,125 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,950 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,665 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,305 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,465 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,180 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,665 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 37,520 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,340 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,509 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,860 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,006 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,395 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,415 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,699 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,343 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,405 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,647 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,380 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 37,560 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 131,710 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,992 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,940 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,395 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,857 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,385 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,413 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,280 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,415 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,263 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,164 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 10,435 4,430 6,010 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 53,152 54,156 52,461 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,995 45,918 44,464 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,440 4,480 5,960 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 57,982 57,775 58,137 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,462 47,115 47,722 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 126,745 61,405 65,345 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 35,660 16,785 18,870 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 4,500 2,175 2,325 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 5,590 2,580 3,010 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 6,910 3,275 3,635 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 8,235 3,870 4,365 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,420 4,890 5,530 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 91,090 44,615 46,475 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 12,695 5,990 6,700 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 15,745 7,590 8,155 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 18,990 9,335 9,655 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 23,820 11,705 12,110 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 19,845 9,990 9,855 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 126,750 61,400 65,345 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 28,045 14,240 13,800 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 8,615 4,340 4,280 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 82,075 39,125 42,950 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 16,625 8,035 8,590 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,675 3,135 3,545 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 2,160 1,140 1,015 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 665 340 325 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 3,835 1,725 2,110 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 685 265 415 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 5.3 5.1 5.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.7 8.0 7.4 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 7.8 7.6 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 4.7 4.4 4.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.3 4.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,465 2,590 2,875 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,620 820 800 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 505 245 255 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 3,435 1,630 1,800 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 415 145 270 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.3 4.2 4.4 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 5.8 5.8 5.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 5.9 5.6 6.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.2 4.2 4.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.5 1.8 3.1 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 126,735 61,340 65,390 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 125,865 61,035 64,825 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 122,235 59,565 62,665 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 71,550 33,255 38,295 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 28,710 13,315 15,400 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 35 15 15 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 20 15 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 10 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,680 13,300 15,385 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,095 3,035 3,065 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 60 30 30 925 505 415
Kabyle 25 10 15 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 710 335 375 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 25 0 15 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 685 320 360 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 5,400 2,695 2,705 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 150 75 75 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 5,190 2,585 2,600 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 55 35 20 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 0 0 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 15 0 10 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 495 245 255 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 20 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 470 230 240 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 895 305 590 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 60 20 40 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 55 20 30 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 30 15 20 215 115 100
Malay 85 25 55 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 745 245 500 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 2,615 1,150 1,465 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 75 35 45 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 2,405 1,060 1,345 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 60 80 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 305 140 165 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 15 15 10 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 85 30 55 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 160 75 85 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 55 30 25 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 14,315 6,645 7,665 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 85 40 45 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 95 45 45 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 1,805 840 965 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 50 15 30 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 10 15 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 20 10 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 1,770 825 940 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 0 0 0 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 85 30 55 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 100 45 60 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 100 55 40 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 10 0 0 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 650 330 315 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 550 255 295 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 85 45 35 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 75 35 40 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 200 50 155 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 40 10 35 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 15 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,655 775 880 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 40 20 20 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 15 0 10 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 235 110 130 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 0 10 1,655 820 835
German 1,345 640 705 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 35 20 20 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 250 135 115 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 4,880 2,425 2,455 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 3,425 1,675 1,750 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 640 355 280 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 180 95 80 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,130 555 575 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 25 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 70 35 30 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 50 10 35 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,035 495 545 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 70 35 35 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 70 60 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,205 600 600 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,585 815 770 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 155 90 60 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 315 170 145 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,290 655 640 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 5,995 2,600 3,390 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 915 435 480 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 945 450 495 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 200 90 115 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 4,245 1,760 2,490 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 225 100 125 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 200 90 110 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 10 10 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,545 675 875 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 80 30 45 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 60 25 40 385 195 185
Edo 10 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 55 20 35 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 10 20 700 320 375
Ga 45 30 20 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 0 10 1,225 550 675
Igbo 65 25 40 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 245 115 135 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 205 75 130 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 140 45 90 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 30 10 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 395 210 190 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 15 0 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 90 45 40 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 430 190 240 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 205 85 130 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 95 35 60 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,315 1,115 1,200 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 2,300 1,110 1,195 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,060 490 570 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 35 20 20 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,360 625 730 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 55 40 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 15 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 35 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 10 10 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 75 20 50 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 25 15 10 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 45 0 35 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 145 70 75 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 15 0 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 125 60 65 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 145 55 90 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 0 0 0 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 55 15 40 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 85 35 50 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 126,735 61,345 65,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 122,160 59,290 62,870 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 27,330 13,840 13,495 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 94,825 45,445 49,380 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,580 2,055 2,525 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 126,735 61,340 65,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 102,700 50,140 52,565 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 23,460 10,965 12,500 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 6,050 3,020 3,030 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 3,885 1,830 2,055 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 5,390 2,365 3,025 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 5,815 2,670 3,140 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 2,875 1,290 1,585 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 2,935 1,380 1,560 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,325 1,075 1,245 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 575 245 330 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 23,460 10,960 12,500 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 2,695 1,295 1,400 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 4,520 2,235 2,285 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 5,065 2,240 2,825 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 9,640 4,465 5,175 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 1,540 725 815 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,465 10,960 12,500 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 5,190 2,190 3,000 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 85 35 55 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 180 70 110 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 130 65 65 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 275 120 150 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 1,790 735 1,050 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 570 265 305 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 160 65 95 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 110 40 65 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 150 55 100 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 870 370 495 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 870 360 505 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 4,920 2,375 2,545 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 15 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 35 15 15 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 315 130 185 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 470 200 275 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 55 40 15 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 40 20 20 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 45 35 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 235 135 95 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 175 85 85 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 380 175 210 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 390 205 180 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 170 70 100 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 185 70 110 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 45 25 20 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 130 70 60 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,475 775 700 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 725 310 415 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 4,125 1,960 2,170 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 125 70 50 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 515 255 265 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 220 100 115 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 125 70 55 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 245 110 130 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 195 100 95 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 270 120 155 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 85 40 50 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,340 1,085 1,260 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 9,160 4,410 4,750 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 465 235 230 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 405 215 190 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,090 470 625 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 330 150 180 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,225 635 590 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 470 230 245 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 240 135 105 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 70 10 55 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 115 50 60 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,545 805 740 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 705 345 365 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 750 270 480 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 160 75 90 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 215 90 120 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 55 40 20 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 370 170 195 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 960 485 475 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 25 40 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,325 1,080 1,250 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 530 220 305 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 0 0 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 30 15 15 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 10 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 270 100 170 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 10 10 0 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 20 10 20 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 55 60 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 75 30 45 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 300 145 155 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 50 30 15 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 10 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 25 10 15