Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa South [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa South
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Ottawa South [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Ottawa South [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 121,058 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 121,894 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.7 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 51,384 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,416 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,661.0 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 72.88 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 121,060 58,370 62,690 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 19,475 9,880 9,595 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,470 3,250 3,225 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 6,640 3,385 3,260 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 6,360 3,250 3,110 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 81,395 39,625 41,770 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 7,755 3,990 3,765 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 10,855 5,625 5,225 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 8,935 4,480 4,460 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 7,805 3,770 4,035 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 6,945 3,305 3,640 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 6,795 3,175 3,620 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,615 3,555 4,060 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,855 4,225 4,630 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,710 4,090 4,625 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,115 3,415 3,705 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 20,190 8,860 11,325 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,075 2,805 3,275 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,380 1,975 2,400 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,465 1,540 1,930 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,880 1,245 1,635 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,380 1,295 2,090 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,005 780 1,225 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,040 410 630 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 300 100 200 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 45 10 30 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.9 15.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.9 66.6 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.7 15.2 18.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.8 2.2 3.3 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.3 39.1 41.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.1 37.1 40.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 48,415 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 17,140 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,000 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 18,270 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,110 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 12,630 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 455 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,980 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 100 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 48,415 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 14,130 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 15,960 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,535 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 6,280 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,510 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 119,220 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 101,580 48,490 53,090 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 51,885 25,885 26,000 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 43,930 21,895 22,040 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 7,955 3,990 3,960 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 49,695 22,605 27,090 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 34,180 17,990 16,190 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,190 1,175 2,015 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,545 2,245 4,300 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,780 1,195 4,590 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,830 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 15,605 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 6,915 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 5,850 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,460 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,830 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 25,045 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 21,065 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,975 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,790 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 5,620 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,160 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,045 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 11,770 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 13,270 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,035 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 5,185 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,055 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,790 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,835 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,880 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,075 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,705 11,530 13,175 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 48,415 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 30,245 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,220 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,020 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 775 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,400 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 14,130 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,270 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 119,765 57,775 61,990 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 72,755 36,655 36,100 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 1,975 760 1,215 1,110 530 580
English and French 42,110 19,205 22,905 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,925 1,150 1,775 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 119,765 57,770 61,995 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 96,640 47,545 49,090 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 16,210 7,160 9,055 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 4,055 1,945 2,110 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,865 1,125 1,735 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 18,240 8,130 10,110 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 15.2 14.1 16.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 119,765 57,775 61,995 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 114,080 55,090 58,990 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 76,900 37,540 39,350 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 62,910 31,260 31,650 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 13,985 6,285 7,705 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 37,185 17,550 19,635 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 100 30 70 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 20 10 15 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 60 15 45 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 50 10 40 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 5 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 37,085 17,515 19,565 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,565 7,210 7,360 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 50 25 20 95 55 35
Kabyle 30 15 15 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 2,680 1,170 1,510 1,355 675 680
Bilen 15 5 5 5 0 0
Oromo 90 45 40 165 95 75
Somali 2,550 1,105 1,445 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 10 5 5
Semitic languages 11,825 6,005 5,825 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 315 150 170 1,140 560 585
Arabic 11,140 5,680 5,465 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 15 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 15 5 10 25 10 15
Hebrew 30 15 15 1,770 960 805
Maltese 0 0 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 280 140 140 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 745 340 405 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 60 70 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 610 275 335 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,545 585 960 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 15 10 10 310 140 170
Cebuano 60 25 40 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 105 35 70 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 75 40 35 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,225 460 765 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 830 360 470
Creole languages 680 270 405 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 55 20 30 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 600 240 365 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 385 205 175 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 30 15 15 225 115 110
Malayalam 85 40 50 1,750 905 845
Tamil 230 130 105 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 30 20 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 13,030 6,115 6,915 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 130 60 75 1,090 560 530
Armenian 70 35 35 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,835 1,230 1,600 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 60 20 40 645 280 370
Latvian 35 15 25 320 145 175
Lithuanian 30 5 20 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,765 1,210 1,560 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 85 35 55 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 135 55 80 1,725 805 915
Croatian 230 110 125 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 105 45 60 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 10 5 10 250 120 135
Polish 870 390 485 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 575 235 345 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 290 140 150 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 115 55 60 1,145 545 600
Slovak 80 35 45 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 15 545 250 290
Ukrainian 230 100 130 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 0 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 945 415 530 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 30 10 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 225 95 125 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 5 80 30 50
German 590 250 335 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 25 10 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 35 25 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 390 210 180 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 4,005 2,040 1,960 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,400 1,210 1,185 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 360 180 185 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 145 70 75 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 330 185 145 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 10 5 225 110 110
Marathi 50 25 30 535 280 255
Nepali 520 245 275 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 370 210 160 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 30 15 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 50 60 1,455 730 725
Urdu 470 230 245 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,590 820 765 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 110 65 50 1,650 875 780
Pashto 160 80 75 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,315 670 645 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,650 2,125 2,525 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,430 705 725 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 690 310 375 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 345 160 190 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 2,180 945 1,230 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 155 50 105 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 10 65 40 25
Korean 255 125 125 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,085 440 645 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 70 35 40 405 220 180
Bamanankan 15 5 10 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 10 80 45 30
Ewe 15 5 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 10 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 30 10 15 65 35 30
Igbo 35 20 15 160 90 65
Lingala 65 25 40 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 155 60 100 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 120 35 85 105 45 55
Shona 20 5 15 150 70 85
Swahili 280 115 165 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 10 30 10 20
Yoruba 55 30 30 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 195 85 110 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 30 35 265 135 135
Dinka 20 10 10 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 190 85 100
Sign languages 30 20 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 5 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,970 1,865 2,105 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 3,890 1,825 2,065 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,370 645 725 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 15 5 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,225 1,035 1,190 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 45 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 80 70 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 35 45 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 25 10 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 20 10 15 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 5 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 65 25 45 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 20 10 5 800 405 400
Thai 45 15 35 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 220 110 115 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 10 15 495 275 225
Turkish 170 85 80 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 25 10 15 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 250 120 130 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 10 5 5 455 195 260
Finnish 45 15 25 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 190 95 100 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 365 200 170
Multiple responses 5,685 2,680 3,005 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,575 735 840 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,845 1,370 1,470 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 810 365 450 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 455 215 240 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 119,765 57,770 61,995 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 108,800 52,635 56,165 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 88,785 43,205 45,575 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 79,885 39,310 40,575 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 8,895 3,895 5,000 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 20,015 9,425 10,590 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 20 10 15 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,995 9,420 10,575 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,605 4,105 4,495 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 25 10 15 40 20 20
Kabyle 20 10 10 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 1,675 680 995 695 315 380
Bilen 10 5 5 0 0 0
Oromo 65 35 30 80 40 35
Somali 1,585 630 955 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 5 5 5
Semitic languages 6,895 3,415 3,485 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 185 95 90 535 250 290
Arabic 6,550 3,240 3,315 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 10 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 130 60 65 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 210 240 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 30 620 290 330
Vietnamese 390 180 210 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 740 325 420 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 5 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 40 20 25 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 30 20 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 630 265 365 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 345 145 200 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 35 15 20 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 295 120 170 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 195 90 105 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 35 10 20 885 450 435
Tamil 140 70 70 1,935 965 965
Telugu 10 0 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 6,125 2,865 3,260 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 55 25 30 530 255 270
Armenian 30 15 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,270 560 705 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 5 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,260 560 705 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 50 20 25 540 270 270
Bulgarian 65 25 40 925 425 495
Croatian 105 45 60 1,795 840 955
Czech 25 10 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 5 120 60 60
Polish 355 155 200 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 330 140 190 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 195 90 105 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 20 435 205 235
Slovak 25 10 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 65 30 35 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 90 40 50 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 20 10 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 60 30 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 5 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 150 70 80 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 2,395 1,195 1,200 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,405 715 690 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 200 100 100 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 60 30 35 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 160 85 70 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 30 10 15 245 125 120
Nepali 450 220 230 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 185 105 85 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 10 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 595 290 305
Urdu 250 125 125 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 985 480 510 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 75 40 30 1,025 515 505
Pashto 105 50 55 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 815 390 425 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,130 950 1,175 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 445 195 245 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 355 160 195 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 180 90 95 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,145 510 640 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 80 35 45 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 0 15 10 10
Korean 140 75 70 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 330 145 185 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 5 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 10 10 5 35 20 15
Lingala 20 5 15 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 25 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 30 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 135 70 65 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 15 5 105 50 55
Dinka 10 5 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 50 25 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 10 10 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,695 1,285 1,415 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 2,640 1,265 1,380 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 835 390 445 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,660 795 865 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 45 35 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 55 20 30 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 5 10 685 350 335
Karenic languages 20 5 10 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 20 1,015 435 580
Lao 10 0 10 335 160 175
Thai 20 5 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 110 55 55 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 95 50 45 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 80 35 40 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 60 30 30 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 10,970 5,140 5,830 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,785 825 960 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 7,370 3,550 3,820 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 720 295 430 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 1,095 475 620 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 119,765 57,775 61,990 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 87,255 42,580 44,675 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 11,865 5,640 6,220 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 7,245 3,265 3,980 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 11,830 5,570 6,260 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 50 20 30 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 11,780 5,550 6,225 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 520 255 270 965 435 530
English and non-official language 350 160 190 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 680 295 390 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 20 15 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 99,770 47,710 52,060 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,860 45,355 49,505 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,577 37,349 30,713 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,880 45,355 49,525 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,590 33,728 28,239 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,490 40,290 42,195 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,732 39,687 30,434 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,915 31,425 38,485 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,712 1,466 5,866 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,070 33,440 32,635 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,602 35,222 30,121 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 99,730 47,655 52,080 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,750 45,165 49,585 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,942 52,268 42,092 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,785 45,160 49,625 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,853 42,669 35,381 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,445 40,075 42,370 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,824 54,149 41,843 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,825 31,145 38,680 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,233 6,122 8,127 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,100 33,270 32,825 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,549 49,906 41,133 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 99,730 47,655 52,075 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,440 16,560 13,880 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,254 60,667 57,582 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,827 71,532 63,407 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.8 91.9 85.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.6 70.2 64.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.2 8.0 14.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 99,765 47,710 52,060 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,905 2,360 2,555 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 94,860 45,355 49,510 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.1 95.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,780 7,650 8,125 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 16,600 7,000 9,595 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 11,630 5,000 6,630 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 9,215 4,050 5,160 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 8,130 3,635 4,490 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,900 3,235 3,665 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 5,865 2,980 2,890 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,640 2,460 2,180 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,820 2,020 1,800 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,285 1,735 1,545 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 9,005 5,580 3,425 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,345 3,790 2,545 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,665 1,790 875 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 99,770 47,710 52,060 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,885 2,355 2,535 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 94,880 45,355 49,530 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,265 7,730 8,530 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 17,260 7,340 9,925 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 13,235 5,810 7,420 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,980 4,850 6,135 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 9,590 4,375 5,210 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 7,920 3,965 3,955 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,790 3,080 2,710 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,580 2,445 2,130 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,270 5,755 3,515 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,305 1,840 1,460 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,835 1,160 675 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,135 2,755 1,380 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 99,770 47,710 52,060 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 33,695 14,265 19,430 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 66,075 33,440 32,635 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 66.2 70.1 62.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,365 4,540 4,815 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,705 2,710 2,990 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 9,270 4,470 4,795 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,035 3,375 3,655 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,950 2,970 2,975 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,365 2,615 2,755 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,570 2,235 2,335 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,010 2,040 1,965 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,015 1,560 1,455 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 11,800 6,915 4,885 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,815 1,460 1,360 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,555 1,355 1,195 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 6,435 4,095 2,330 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 48,415 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,314 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,564 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,130 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,178 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,955 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,290 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,891 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,116 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 48,395 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 91,907 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,097 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,115 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,897 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,130 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,285 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,967 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,669 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 48,415 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,315 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 765 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,405 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,980 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,755 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,900 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,910 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,820 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,015 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,885 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,660 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,365 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,085 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,865 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,580 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,120 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,790 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,415 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,220 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,700 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 48,415 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,340 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 775 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,435 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,035 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,930 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,155 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,155 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,305 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,390 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,295 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,400 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,865 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,510 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,015 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,510 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,290 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,585 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,120 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,590 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,880 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,008 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,578 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,945 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,387 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,221 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,320 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,232 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,831 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,365 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,224 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,721 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,820 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,968 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,064 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,945 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,492 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,138 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,325 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,276 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,266 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,365 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,264 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,319 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,300 10,090 11,215 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,928 31,086 34,532 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,978 28,390 31,503 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,400 10,130 11,275 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,329 44,062 44,568 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,684 36,399 36,940 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 119,220 57,580 61,640 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 60,140 28,635 31,500 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 18,445 8,950 9,500 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 13,070 6,055 7,020 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 10,310 4,920 5,390 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 9,215 4,425 4,795 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,100 4,295 4,805 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 59,080 28,940 30,140 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 9,805 4,655 5,155 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 9,910 4,790 5,120 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 11,505 5,690 5,815 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 13,300 6,495 6,810 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 14,555 7,310 7,245 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 119,220 57,575 61,640 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 23,585 12,025 11,565 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 7,790 3,925 3,865 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 77,000 37,320 39,680 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 18,635 8,235 10,395 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,460 11,490 12,970 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 7,345 3,760 3,585 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,540 1,305 1,240 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 14,895 6,900 7,995 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,215 825 1,390 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.5 20.0 21.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 31.1 31.3 31.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 32.6 33.2 32.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 19.3 18.5 20.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.9 10.0 13.4 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,310 10,235 11,080 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,840 2,985 2,855 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,070 1,065 1,000 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 13,955 6,730 7,220 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,515 520 1,000 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.9 17.8 18.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 24.8 24.8 24.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 26.6 27.1 25.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.1 18.0 18.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 8.1 6.3 9.6 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 119,170 57,575 61,595 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 116,220 56,380 59,835 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 114,270 55,660 58,610 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 43,920 19,880 24,040 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 50,760 23,915 26,845 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 185 65 120 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 50 20 30 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 10 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 20 0 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 120 45 75 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 110 40 65 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,590 23,855 26,740 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,810 9,820 9,990 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 75 40 30 125 80 45
Kabyle 65 30 35 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 3,620 1,625 1,995 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 45 30 15 15 0 15
Oromo 145 70 75 190 110 80
Somali 3,415 1,520 1,895 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 45 0 35 10 0 10
Semitic languages 16,470 8,330 8,140 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 465 215 255 1,755 905 855
Arabic 15,590 7,920 7,670 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 20 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 25 15 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 165 100 70 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 375 160 220 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 120 80 35 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 910 405 505 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 50 85 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 785 360 425 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,050 830 1,220 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 10 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 55 10 45 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 145 65 85 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 50 40 10 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 15 30 775 350 430
Pangasinan 15 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,925 760 1,160 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 1,425 575 850 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 95 25 70 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 1,220 490 730 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 445 260 185 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 40 20 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 145 75 70 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 285 170 110 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 40 25 15 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 19,325 8,970 10,355 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 120 45 75 1,135 580 555
Armenian 85 40 45 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,395 1,555 1,840 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 55 25 25 635 310 325
Latvian 40 20 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 15 0 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,345 1,530 1,815 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 35 15 20 205 95 110
Bosnian 185 80 110 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 170 85 90 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 410 200 210 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 140 55 85 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 10 0 10 345 180 160
Polish 995 465 535 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 990 445 545 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 355 155 200 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 150 80 65 1,240 595 645
Slovak 125 40 85 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 20 20 725 330 400
Ukrainian 215 100 115 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 55 25 30 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 10 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,980 890 1,100 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 30 0 25 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 25 0 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 330 145 185 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 10 120 55 65
German 1,505 695 805 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 30 15 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 65 30 35 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 20 220 125 100
Yiddish 45 15 30 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 525 245 275 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 5,255 2,690 2,570 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 3,510 1,810 1,700 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 535 270 265 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 240 125 110 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,110 610 500 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 35 15 25 1,275 650 625
Nepali 655 355 305 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 720 415 305 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 60 25 35 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 50 100 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 990 475 515 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,805 910 890 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 90 60 25 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 290 155 135 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,535 765 770 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 8,605 3,815 4,790 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 2,580 1,215 1,365 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 940 445 500 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 385 175 205 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 5,095 2,175 2,920 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 360 175 185 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 310 155 160 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 2,210 975 1,230 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 140 85 50 495 280 215
Bamanankan 30 15 15 20 10 10
Edo 30 10 25 115 65 55
Ewe 50 15 30 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 10 20 45 10 35
Ga 0 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 35 10 30 105 60 45
Igbo 60 40 30 240 140 95
Lingala 380 165 215 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 390 150 250 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 240 95 150 210 95 115
Shona 15 0 15 265 125 140
Swahili 670 280 390 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 40 30 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 120 80 40 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 355 175 185 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 45 40 300 150 150
Dinka 50 30 20 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 25 250 120 135
Sign languages 210 85 120 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 115 50 65 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,215 1,980 2,235 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 4,100 1,940 2,165 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,490 680 815 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 15 0 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,895 1,380 1,515 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 55 65 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 35 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 75 40 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 110 40 70 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 35 20 15 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 20 10 15 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 120 40 80 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 115 40 80 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 340 175 170 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 835 455 385
Turkish 285 155 130 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 10 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 35 10 30 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 320 165 155 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 25 10 15 495 205 295
Finnish 45 30 10 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 250 120 125 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 65 25 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 119,175 57,580 61,595 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 105,510 50,920 54,585 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,170 10,845 10,320 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 84,335 40,075 44,265 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,665 6,655 7,010 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 119,175 57,580 61,600 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 76,895 37,600 39,295 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 38,420 17,940 20,480 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 8,280 3,835 4,440 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 5,240 2,470 2,770 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 8,605 3,860 4,745 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 9,795 4,730 5,070 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 4,200 2,045 2,160 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 5,595 2,685 2,910 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,500 3,040 3,455 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,860 2,040 1,820 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 38,415 17,940 20,480 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,830 1,795 2,040 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 7,210 3,845 3,365 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 8,335 3,745 4,590 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 15,330 6,895 8,430 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,720 1,660 2,060 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 38,420 17,940 20,475 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 5,570 2,380 3,190 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 120 45 80 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 215 85 130 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 475 200 270 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 275 130 145 920 415 500
Haiti 935 400 535 265 110 160
Jamaica 590 220 360 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 230 105 130 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 185 105 80 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 220 90 130 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,070 480 595 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,255 520 735 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 7,565 3,520 4,040 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 370 175 195 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 205 105 100 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 345 160 190 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 515 225 295 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 225 120 110 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 150 75 75 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 35 40 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 980 460 520 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 185 75 110 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 700 320 380 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 375 170 205 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 315 130 185 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 365 155 205 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 125 55 70 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 170 105 65 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,530 765 765 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 940 405 530 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 7,055 3,125 3,925 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 160 70 95 430 270 150
Egypt 595 330 270 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 625 280 345 1,665 835 825
Kenya 215 115 105 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 220 105 120 730 385 340
Nigeria 190 60 130 1,205 630 575
Somalia 1,475 590 890 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 75 35 40 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 3,495 1,555 1,940 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 18,165 8,880 9,280 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 415 210 205 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 290 150 140 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,670 735 935 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 375 160 215 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,135 555 575 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 800 425 375 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 1,225 665 560 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 120 30 90 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 235 120 115 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 4,085 2,095 1,985 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 560 275 285 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,815 760 1,055 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 255 115 140 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,000 500 500 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 105 40 70 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 585 275 310 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 3,490 1,770 1,730 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 70 30 35 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,500 3,040 3,455 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 720 330 395 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 35 15 20 960 445 520
Colombia 20 10 15 465 220 240
Cuba 35 15 20 70 35 30
Haiti 195 85 115 15 0 10
Jamaica 15 10 0 160 115 45
Mexico 45 10 35 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 175 90 85 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 30 10 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 175 75 95 1,855 875 975
Europe 215 95 120 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 35 15 25 790 415 370
Germany 35 10 30 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0