Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa South [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa South
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa South [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Ottawa South [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 121,058 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 121,894 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.7 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 51,384 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,416 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,661.0 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 72.88 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 121,060 58,370 62,690 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 19,475 9,880 9,595 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,470 3,250 3,225 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,640 3,385 3,260 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 6,360 3,250 3,110 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 81,395 39,625 41,770 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 7,755 3,990 3,765 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 10,855 5,625 5,225 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 8,935 4,480 4,460 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,805 3,770 4,035 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 6,945 3,305 3,640 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,795 3,175 3,620 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 7,615 3,555 4,060 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,855 4,225 4,630 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,710 4,090 4,625 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 7,115 3,415 3,705 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 20,190 8,860 11,325 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 6,075 2,805 3,275 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,380 1,975 2,400 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,465 1,540 1,930 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,880 1,245 1,635 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,380 1,295 2,090 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,005 780 1,225 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,040 410 630 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 300 100 200 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 45 10 30 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.9 15.3 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.9 66.6 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.7 15.2 18.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.8 2.2 3.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.3 39.1 41.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.1 37.1 40.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 48,415 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 17,140 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,000 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 18,270 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,110 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 12,630 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 455 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,980 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 100 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 48,415 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 14,130 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 15,960 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 7,535 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 6,280 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,510 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 119,220 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 101,580 48,490 53,090 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 51,885 25,885 26,000 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 43,930 21,895 22,040 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 7,955 3,990 3,960 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 49,695 22,605 27,090 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 34,180 17,990 16,190 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,190 1,175 2,015 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,545 2,245 4,300 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 5,780 1,195 4,590 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,830 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 15,605 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 6,915 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 5,850 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,460 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,830 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 25,045 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 21,065 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,975 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,790 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 5,620 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,160 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,045 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 11,770 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 13,270 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 5,035 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 5,185 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 3,055 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,790 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,835 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,880 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 1,075 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,705 11,530 13,175 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 48,415 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 30,245 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,220 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,020 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 775 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,400 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 14,130 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,270 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 119,765 57,775 61,990 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 72,755 36,655 36,100 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 1,975 760 1,215 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 42,110 19,205 22,905 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,925 1,150 1,775 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 119,765 57,770 61,995 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 96,640 47,545 49,090 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 16,210 7,160 9,055 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 4,055 1,945 2,110 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,865 1,125 1,735 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 18,240 8,130 10,110 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 15.2 14.1 16.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 119,765 57,775 61,995 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 114,080 55,090 58,990 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 76,900 37,540 39,350 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 62,910 31,260 31,650 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 13,985 6,285 7,705 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 37,185 17,550 19,635 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 100 30 70 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 20 10 15 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 5 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 60 15 45 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 50 10 40 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 10 5 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 37,085 17,515 19,565 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,565 7,210 7,360 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 50 25 20 725 405 320
Kabyle 30 15 15 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 2,680 1,170 1,510 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 15 5 5 250 140 110
Oromo 90 45 40 1,445 720 730
Somali 2,550 1,105 1,445 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 225 115 110
Semitic languages 11,825 6,005 5,825 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 315 150 170 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 11,140 5,680 5,465 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 15 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 15 5 10 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 30 15 15 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 0 0 0 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 280 140 140 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 745 340 405 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 60 70 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 610 275 335 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,545 585 960 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 15 10 10 595 260 330
Cebuano 60 25 40 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 105 35 70 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 75 40 35 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 10 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,225 460 765 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 680 270 405 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 55 20 30 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 600 240 365 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 385 205 175 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 30 15 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 85 40 50 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 230 130 105 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 30 20 15 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 13,030 6,115 6,915 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 130 60 75 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 70 35 35 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 2,835 1,230 1,600 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 60 20 40 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 35 15 25 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 30 5 20 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 2,765 1,210 1,560 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 85 35 55 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 135 55 80 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 230 110 125 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 105 45 60 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 10 5 10 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 870 390 485 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 575 235 345 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 290 140 150 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 115 55 60 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 80 35 45 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 15 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 230 100 130 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 10 5 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 0 5 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 945 415 530 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 10 5 5 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 30 10 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 225 95 125 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 5 1,240 630 620
German 590 250 335 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 5 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 15 5 10 940 405 540
Swedish 25 10 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 35 25 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 390 210 180 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 4,005 2,040 1,960 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,400 1,210 1,185 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 360 180 185 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 145 70 75 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 330 185 145 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 10 10 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 50 25 30 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 520 245 275 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 370 210 160 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 30 15 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 50 60 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 470 230 245 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,590 820 765 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 110 65 50 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 160 80 75 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,315 670 645 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 4,650 2,125 2,525 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,430 705 725 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 690 310 375 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 345 160 190 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,180 945 1,230 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 155 50 105 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 5 10 1,200 635 565
Korean 255 125 125 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 1,085 440 645 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 70 35 40 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 15 5 10 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 15 5 10 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 30 10 15 760 360 400
Igbo 35 20 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 65 25 40 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 155 60 100 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 120 35 85 1,330 545 785
Shona 20 5 15 1,455 660 790
Swahili 280 115 165 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 10 5 10 290 145 150
Yoruba 55 30 30 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 195 85 110 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 30 35 1,610 810 800
Dinka 20 10 10 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 30 20 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,970 1,865 2,105 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 3,890 1,825 2,065 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,370 645 725 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 15 5 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 2,225 1,035 1,190 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 45 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 15 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 80 70 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 35 45 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 25 10 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 20 10 15 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 65 25 45 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 20 10 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 45 15 35 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 220 110 115 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 20 10 15 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 170 85 80 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 25 10 15 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 250 120 130 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 10 5 5 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 45 15 25 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 190 95 100 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,685 2,680 3,005 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,575 735 840 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 2,845 1,370 1,470 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 810 365 450 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 455 215 240 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 119,765 57,770 61,995 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 108,800 52,635 56,165 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 88,785 43,205 45,575 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 79,885 39,310 40,575 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 8,895 3,895 5,000 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 20,015 9,425 10,590 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 20 10 15 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 5 10 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 5 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,995 9,420 10,575 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,605 4,105 4,495 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 25 10 15 345 175 170
Kabyle 20 10 10 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 1,675 680 995 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 10 5 5 170 80 85
Oromo 65 35 30 805 380 425
Somali 1,585 630 955 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 110 50 65
Semitic languages 6,895 3,415 3,485 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 185 95 90 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 6,550 3,240 3,315 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 10 5 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 10 5 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 130 60 65 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 210 240 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 30 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 390 180 210 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 740 325 420 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 20 5 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 40 20 25 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 30 20 10 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 5 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 630 265 365 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 345 145 200 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 35 15 20 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 295 120 170 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 195 90 105 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 35 10 20 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 140 70 70 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 10 0 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 6,125 2,865 3,260 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 55 25 30 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 30 15 15 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,270 560 705 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 5 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 5 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,260 560 705 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 50 20 25 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 65 25 40 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 105 45 60 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 25 10 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 5 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 355 155 200 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 330 140 190 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 195 90 105 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 20 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 25 10 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 65 30 35 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 5 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 90 40 50 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 20 10 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 60 30 30 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 5 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 150 70 80 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,395 1,195 1,200 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,405 715 690 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 200 100 100 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 60 30 35 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 160 85 70 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 30 10 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 450 220 230 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 185 105 85 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 15 10 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 250 125 125 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 985 480 510 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 75 40 30 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 105 50 55 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 815 390 425 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,130 950 1,175 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 445 195 245 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 355 160 195 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 180 90 95 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,145 510 640 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 80 35 45 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 770 420 355
Georgian 5 5 0 775 420 355
Korean 140 75 70 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 330 145 185 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 5 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 10 10 5 540 265 275
Lingala 20 5 15 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 25 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 30 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 5 455 210 245
Swahili 135 70 65 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 0 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 15 5 550 260 290
Dinka 10 5 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 50 25 20 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 10 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,695 1,285 1,415 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 2,640 1,265 1,380 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 835 390 445 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,660 795 865 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 45 35 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 55 20 30 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 15 5 10 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 20 5 10 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 20 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 10 0 10 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 20 5 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 110 55 55 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 95 50 45 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 10 5 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 80 35 40 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 60 30 30 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 10,970 5,140 5,830 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,785 825 960 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 7,370 3,550 3,820 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 720 295 430 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 1,095 475 620 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 119,765 57,775 61,990 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 87,255 42,580 44,675 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 11,865 5,640 6,220 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 7,245 3,265 3,980 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 11,830 5,570 6,260 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 50 20 30 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 11,780 5,550 6,225 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 520 255 270 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 350 160 190 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 680 295 390 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 20 15 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 99,770 47,710 52,060 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,860 45,355 49,505 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,577 37,349 30,713 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,880 45,355 49,525 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,590 33,728 28,239 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,490 40,290 42,195 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,732 39,687 30,434 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,915 31,425 38,485 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,712 1,466 5,866 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,070 33,440 32,635 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,602 35,222 30,121 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 99,730 47,655 52,080 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,750 45,165 49,585 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,942 52,268 42,092 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,785 45,160 49,625 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,853 42,669 35,381 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,445 40,075 42,370 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,824 54,149 41,843 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,825 31,145 38,680 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,233 6,122 8,127 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,100 33,270 32,825 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,549 49,906 41,133 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 99,730 47,655 52,075 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,440 16,560 13,880 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,254 60,667 57,582 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,827 71,532 63,407 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.8 91.9 85.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.6 70.2 64.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.2 8.0 14.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 99,765 47,710 52,060 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 4,905 2,360 2,555 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 94,860 45,355 49,510 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.1 95.1 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,780 7,650 8,125 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 16,600 7,000 9,595 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 11,630 5,000 6,630 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 9,215 4,050 5,160 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,130 3,635 4,490 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,900 3,235 3,665 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,865 2,980 2,890 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,640 2,460 2,180 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,820 2,020 1,800 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,285 1,735 1,545 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 9,005 5,580 3,425 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 6,345 3,790 2,545 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,665 1,790 875 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 99,770 47,710 52,060 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 4,885 2,355 2,535 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 94,880 45,355 49,530 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,265 7,730 8,530 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 17,260 7,340 9,925 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 13,235 5,810 7,420 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 10,980 4,850 6,135 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 9,590 4,375 5,210 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,920 3,965 3,955 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,790 3,080 2,710 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,580 2,445 2,130 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 9,270 5,755 3,515 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,305 1,840 1,460 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,835 1,160 675 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,135 2,755 1,380 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 99,770 47,710 52,060 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 33,695 14,265 19,430 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 66,075 33,440 32,635 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 66.2 70.1 62.7 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,365 4,540 4,815 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,705 2,710 2,990 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,270 4,470 4,795 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,035 3,375 3,655 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,950 2,970 2,975 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,365 2,615 2,755 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,570 2,235 2,335 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,010 2,040 1,965 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,015 1,560 1,455 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 11,800 6,915 4,885 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,815 1,460 1,360 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,555 1,355 1,195 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 6,435 4,095 2,330 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 48,415 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,314 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,564 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,130 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,178 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,955 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,290 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,891 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,116 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 48,395 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 91,907 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,097 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,115 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,897 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,130 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,285 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,967 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,669 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 48,415 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,315 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 765 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,405 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,980 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,755 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,900 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,910 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,820 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,015 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,885 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,660 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,365 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,085 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,865 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,580 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,120 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,790 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,415 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,220 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,700 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 48,415 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,340 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 775 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,435 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,035 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,930 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,155 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,155 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,305 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,390 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,295 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,400 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,865 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,510 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,015 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,510 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,290 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,585 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,120 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,590 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,880 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,008 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,578 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,945 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,387 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,221 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,320 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,232 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,831 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,365 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,224 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,721 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,820 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,968 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,064 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,945 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,492 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,138 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,325 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,276 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,266 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,365 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,264 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,319 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,300 10,090 11,215 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,928 31,086 34,532 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,978 28,390 31,503 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,400 10,130 11,275 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,329 44,062 44,568 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,684 36,399 36,940 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 119,220 57,580 61,640 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 60,140 28,635 31,500 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 18,445 8,950 9,500 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 13,070 6,055 7,020 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 10,310 4,920 5,390 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 9,215 4,425 4,795 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 9,100 4,295 4,805 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 59,080 28,940 30,140 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 9,805 4,655 5,155 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 9,910 4,790 5,120 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 11,505 5,690 5,815 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 13,300 6,495 6,810 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 14,555 7,310 7,245 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 119,220 57,575 61,640 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 23,585 12,025 11,565 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,790 3,925 3,865 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 77,000 37,320 39,680 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 18,635 8,235 10,395 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,460 11,490 12,970 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 7,345 3,760 3,585 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 2,540 1,305 1,240 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 14,895 6,900 7,995 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,215 825 1,390 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.5 20.0 21.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 31.1 31.3 31.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 32.6 33.2 32.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 19.3 18.5 20.1 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.9 10.0 13.4 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,310 10,235 11,080 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 5,840 2,985 2,855 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,070 1,065 1,000 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 13,955 6,730 7,220 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,515 520 1,000 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.9 17.8 18.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 24.8 24.8 24.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 26.6 27.1 25.9 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 18.1 18.0 18.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 8.1 6.3 9.6 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 119,170 57,575 61,595 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 116,220 56,380 59,835 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 114,270 55,660 58,610 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 43,920 19,880 24,040 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 50,760 23,915 26,845 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 185 65 120 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 50 20 30 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 10 10 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 10 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 20 0 15 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 10 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 45 75 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 110 40 65 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,590 23,855 26,740 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,810 9,820 9,990 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 75 40 30 925 505 415
Kabyle 65 30 35 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 3,620 1,625 1,995 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 45 30 15 355 200 160
Oromo 145 70 75 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 3,415 1,520 1,895 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 45 0 35 370 170 205
Semitic languages 16,470 8,330 8,140 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 465 215 255 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 15,590 7,920 7,670 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 20 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 25 15 10 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 165 100 70 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 0 0 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 375 160 220 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 120 80 35 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 910 405 505 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 50 85 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 785 360 425 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,050 830 1,220 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 10 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 55 10 45 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 145 65 85 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 50 40 10 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 15 30 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 15 10 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,925 760 1,160 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 1,425 575 850 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 95 25 70 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 1,220 490 730 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 445 260 185 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 40 20 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 145 75 70 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 285 170 110 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 40 25 15 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 19,325 8,970 10,355 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 120 45 75 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 85 40 45 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,395 1,555 1,840 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 55 25 25 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 40 20 20 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 15 0 0 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,345 1,530 1,815 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 35 15 20 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 185 80 110 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 170 85 90 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 410 200 210 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 140 55 85 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 10 0 10 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 995 465 535 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 990 445 545 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 355 155 200 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 150 80 65 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 125 40 85 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 20 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 215 100 115 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 55 25 30 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,980 890 1,100 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 30 0 25 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 25 0 20 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 330 145 185 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 10 1,655 820 835
German 1,505 695 805 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 15 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 30 15 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 65 30 35 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 20 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 45 15 30 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 525 245 275 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 5,255 2,690 2,570 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 3,510 1,810 1,700 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 535 270 265 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 240 125 110 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,110 610 500 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 35 15 25 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 655 355 305 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 720 415 305 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 60 25 35 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 50 100 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 990 475 515 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,805 910 890 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 90 60 25 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 290 155 135 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,535 765 770 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 8,605 3,815 4,790 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,580 1,215 1,365 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 940 445 500 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 385 175 205 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 5,095 2,175 2,920 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 360 175 185 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 310 155 160 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 2,210 975 1,230 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 140 85 50 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 30 15 15 385 195 185
Edo 30 10 25 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 50 15 30 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 10 20 700 320 375
Ga 0 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 35 10 30 1,225 550 675
Igbo 60 40 30 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 380 165 215 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 390 150 250 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 240 95 150 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 15 0 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 670 280 390 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 40 30 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 120 80 40 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 355 175 185 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 45 40 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 50 30 20 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 25 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 210 85 120 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 115 50 65 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,215 1,980 2,235 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 4,100 1,940 2,165 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,490 680 815 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 15 0 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 2,895 1,380 1,515 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 55 65 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 35 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 75 40 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 110 40 70 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 35 20 15 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 20 10 15 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 0 10 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 120 40 80 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 115 40 80 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 340 175 170 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 285 155 130 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 10 10 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 35 10 30 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 320 165 155 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 25 10 15 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 45 30 10 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 250 120 125 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 65 25 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 119,175 57,580 61,595 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 105,510 50,920 54,585 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,170 10,845 10,320 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 84,335 40,075 44,265 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,665 6,655 7,010 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 119,175 57,580 61,600 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 76,895 37,600 39,295 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 38,420 17,940 20,480 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 8,280 3,835 4,440 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 5,240 2,470 2,770 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 8,605 3,860 4,745 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 9,795 4,730 5,070 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 4,200 2,045 2,160 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 5,595 2,685 2,910 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,500 3,040 3,455 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,860 2,040 1,820 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 38,415 17,940 20,480 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,830 1,795 2,040 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 7,210 3,845 3,365 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 8,335 3,745 4,590 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 15,330 6,895 8,430 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 3,720 1,660 2,060 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 38,420 17,940 20,475 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 5,570 2,380 3,190 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 120 45 80 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 215 85 130 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 475 200 270 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 275 130 145 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 935 400 535 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 590 220 360 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 230 105 130 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 185 105 80 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 220 90 130 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,070 480 595 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,255 520 735 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 7,565 3,520 4,040 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 370 175 195 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 205 105 100 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 345 160 190 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 515 225 295 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 225 120 110 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 150 75 75 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 35 40 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 980 460 520 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 185 75 110 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 700 320 380 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 375 170 205 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 315 130 185 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 365 155 205 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 125 55 70 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 170 105 65 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,530 765 765 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 940 405 530 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 7,055 3,125 3,925 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 160 70 95 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 595 330 270 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 625 280 345 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 215 115 105 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 220 105 120 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 190 60 130 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 1,475 590 890 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 75 35 40 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 3,495 1,555 1,940 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 18,165 8,880 9,280 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 415 210 205 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 290 150 140 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,670 735 935 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 375 160 215 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,135 555 575 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 800 425 375 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 1,225 665 560 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 120 30 90 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 235 120 115 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 4,085 2,095 1,985 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 560 275 285 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,815 760 1,055 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 255 115 140 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,000 500 500 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 105 40 70 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 585 275 310 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 3,490 1,770 1,730 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 70 30 35 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,500 3,040 3,455 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 720 330 395 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 35 15 20 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 20 10 15 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 35 15 20 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 195 85 115 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 15 10 0 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 45 10 35 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 175 90 85 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 30 10 20 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 175 75 95 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 215 95 120 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 35 15 25 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 35 10 30 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 0