Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa West--Nepean [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa West--Nepean
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa West--Nepean [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Ottawa West--Nepean [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 111,837 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 111,881 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 50,876 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,042 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,715.0 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 65.21 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 111,840 53,490 58,350 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 16,050 8,185 7,865 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,470 2,785 2,685 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,440 2,745 2,695 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,140 2,655 2,485 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 73,190 36,010 37,180 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,050 3,160 2,890 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 9,185 4,740 4,445 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 8,715 4,520 4,185 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,185 3,665 3,520 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 6,355 3,015 3,340 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,330 2,985 3,345 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 6,805 3,235 3,570 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,000 3,825 4,175 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 7,830 3,695 4,130 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,735 3,160 3,575 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 22,605 9,290 13,310 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,990 2,690 3,305 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,530 1,940 2,590 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 4,145 1,725 2,425 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,590 1,460 2,130 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 4,340 1,475 2,870 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,630 1,005 1,625 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,335 395 940 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 340 65 270 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 40 0 30 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.4 15.3 13.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.4 67.3 63.7 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 20.2 17.4 22.8 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.9 2.8 4.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.6 40.7 44.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.9 39.0 44.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 48,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 16,995 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 15,515 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,515 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,960 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 7,405 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 695 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,440 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 20 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 48,040 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 16,115 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 16,490 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 6,795 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 5,425 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,215 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 109,050 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,790 45,305 50,490 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 48,495 24,125 24,370 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 40,090 19,905 20,185 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 8,410 4,220 4,185 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 47,295 21,180 26,120 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 30,550 16,320 14,235 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,875 1,125 1,755 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,925 2,420 4,505 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 6,940 1,315 5,625 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 29,285 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 16,020 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 6,020 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 4,925 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,320 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 29,285 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 23,395 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 19,190 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,200 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,890 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,820 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,080 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 23,390 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 12,315 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 11,075 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 4,590 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 4,440 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 2,050 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,890 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,710 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,435 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 755 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 26,540 12,420 14,120 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 48,040 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,085 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,875 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,210 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 595 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 19,365 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 16,115 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,250 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 109,635 52,770 56,860 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 75,670 37,645 38,025 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 850 315 535 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 31,130 14,060 17,070 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 1,985 745 1,235 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 109,635 52,770 56,860 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 96,435 47,015 49,420 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 8,850 3,935 4,915 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,410 1,095 1,315 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 1,940 725 1,215 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,055 4,485 5,575 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 9.2 8.5 9.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 109,635 52,775 56,860 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 105,670 50,860 54,805 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 76,130 37,045 39,085 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 68,285 33,540 34,745 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 7,840 3,505 4,335 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 29,540 13,820 15,720 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 110 55 55 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 65 30 35 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 20 20 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 5 5 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 15 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 5 65 30 35
Ojibway 15 5 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 45 15 25 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 35 15 25 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,430 13,770 15,665 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,000 2,950 3,055 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 65 35 30 725 405 320
Kabyle 35 20 20 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,100 450 640 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 15 10 5 250 140 110
Oromo 25 15 10 1,445 720 730
Somali 1,040 425 620 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 4,830 2,455 2,375 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 245 115 125 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 4,340 2,220 2,120 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 80 40 40 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 5 0 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 120 55 60 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,255 575 675 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 220 95 125 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,030 480 550 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,545 580 965 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 90 35 50 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 25 5 25 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 160 75 90 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 50 20 30 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,165 435 730 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 355 140 215 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 40 15 25 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 295 115 180 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 715 395 315 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 60 30 30 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 145 85 60 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 345 180 170 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 150 90 60 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 13,155 6,270 6,890 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 105 50 50 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 75 30 45 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,100 1,375 1,725 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 70 30 40 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 35 15 20 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 35 15 20 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,025 1,340 1,680 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 5 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 115 60 55 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 130 65 70 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 120 55 65 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 115 50 60 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 5 5 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 715 310 405 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,070 455 610 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 265 130 135 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 85 40 45 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 65 30 35 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 25 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 290 115 175 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 20 10 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 5 450 210 240
Welsh 10 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,255 540 715 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 20 5 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 30 10 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 310 130 180 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 765 325 435 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 30 15 15 940 405 540
Swedish 25 10 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 60 25 35 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 265 140 125 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 3,845 2,040 1,805 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,450 1,345 1,105 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 470 230 240 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 285 160 125 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 485 265 215 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 5 345 170 175
Konkani 20 10 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 55 30 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 105 50 55 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 410 250 155 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 40 20 20 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 35 40 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 500 280 225 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,375 680 695 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 100 50 50 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 220 110 110 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,055 525 535 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 4,495 2,080 2,415 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 2,255 1,080 1,180 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 340 160 180 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 430 195 235 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,460 640 820 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 110 40 65 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 215 80 135 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 10 5 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 765 335 435 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 35 15 15 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 10 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 20 10 5 760 360 400
Igbo 30 10 20 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 60 15 40 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 55 75 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 95 35 60 1,330 545 785
Shona 5 5 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 190 85 100 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 35 20 15 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 40 60 1,610 810 800
Dinka 30 10 20 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 40 20 25 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 15 5 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,410 2,005 2,405 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 4,220 1,910 2,310 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,490 685 805 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 10 15 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 2,310 1,045 1,265 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 50 80 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 35 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 190 85 100 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 185 95 85 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 30 15 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 130 70 65 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 90 25 65 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 30 10 15 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 65 15 50 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 270 120 150 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 245 105 140 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 385 175 210 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 15 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 40 15 25 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 315 145 165 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 3,970 1,910 2,060 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,110 545 560 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 2,260 1,100 1,160 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 355 160 195 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 245 110 135 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 109,635 52,775 56,860 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 101,935 49,205 52,725 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 86,500 42,050 44,450 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 82,540 40,265 42,280 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 3,960 1,785 2,175 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 15,430 7,155 8,275 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 40 20 15 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 5 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 10 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 20 10 10 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,395 7,140 8,260 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,535 1,660 1,875 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 45 25 20 345 175 170
Kabyle 30 15 15 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 650 265 380 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 5 0 5 170 80 85
Oromo 10 5 5 805 380 425
Somali 630 260 370 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 2,840 1,365 1,470 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 175 85 95 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 2,535 1,225 1,315 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 40 20 20 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 70 35 40 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 770 355 420 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 50 70 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 660 305 350 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 795 345 455 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 40 20 25 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 910 385 530
Ilocano 75 35 35 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 25 10 15 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 630 270 360 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 155 65 85 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 115 45 65 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 335 175 155 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 20 15 10 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 70 45 30 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 175 80 95 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 60 40 20 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 6,050 2,810 3,235 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 50 25 25 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 15 25 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,480 680 795 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 0 10 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 0 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,465 680 785 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 45 20 25 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 75 40 40 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 35 10 20 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 35 10 20 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 5 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 270 120 155 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 670 305 365 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 145 80 65 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 20 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 20 10 10 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 115 45 70 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 130 55 75 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 10 5 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 95 40 60 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 10 5 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 95 40 55 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,210 1,100 1,105 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,310 690 620 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 305 140 165 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 130 75 50 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 235 125 110 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 15 10 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 85 35 45 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 135 85 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 0 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 20 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 275 150 130 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 890 405 485 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 60 30 30 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 160 75 80 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 670 300 375 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,050 905 1,150 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 855 370 485 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 155 75 80 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 235 110 125 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 805 345 460 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 35 15 20 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 125 50 80 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 5 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 210 95 115 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 10 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 10 5 5 195 85 110
Igbo 15 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 10 5 10 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 15 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 65 25 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 15 30 550 260 290
Dinka 15 5 10 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 425 195 225
Sign languages 50 25 25 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 20 5 15 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,010 1,405 1,605 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 2,880 1,335 1,545 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 925 420 505 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 10 5 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,750 825 920 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 25 40 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 20 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 45 55 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 130 65 65 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 20 10 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 100 50 50 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 20 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 10 5 5 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 20 5 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 145 70 75 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 125 60 65 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 105 40 65 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 100 40 60 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 7,705 3,570 4,135 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,060 440 620 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 5,890 2,805 3,085 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 305 125 185 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 450 195 250 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 109,635 52,775 56,860 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 86,330 41,880 44,455 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 8,320 3,955 4,365 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 5,045 2,275 2,770 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 9,050 4,255 4,790 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 55 25 30 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 8,995 4,235 4,760 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 265 125 135 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 270 130 140 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 350 150 205 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 93,030 44,435 48,595 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,265 42,620 46,645 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,844 38,592 32,119 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,285 42,625 46,665 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,689 34,634 29,371 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,410 38,560 40,850 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,979 38,848 29,663 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,395 29,755 36,645 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,837 1,782 6,841 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,555 31,235 30,320 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,180 35,815 30,476 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 93,235 44,545 48,695 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,460 42,655 46,805 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,653 52,916 42,858 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,465 42,655 46,815 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,426 43,004 36,166 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,670 38,650 41,015 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,253 53,430 41,432 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,395 29,830 36,565 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,507 6,435 8,382 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,685 31,135 30,550 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,012 51,525 40,394 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 93,235 44,545 48,690 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,385 15,620 13,765 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 57,991 61,913 55,173 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 66,637 71,172 61,490 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.1 91.5 84.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.8 70.6 62.5 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.9 8.6 15.6 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 93,030 44,440 48,590 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,765 1,815 1,950 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 89,265 42,620 46,645 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.0 95.9 96.0 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,940 6,285 6,655 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 15,370 6,525 8,840 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 11,585 4,870 6,715 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 9,485 4,185 5,295 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,295 3,645 4,655 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,550 3,055 3,495 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,530 2,830 2,700 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,420 2,320 2,105 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,845 2,125 1,715 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,010 1,610 1,400 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 8,245 5,175 3,075 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 6,025 3,625 2,400 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,220 1,550 670 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 93,030 44,440 48,595 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,740 1,815 1,930 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 89,285 42,625 46,665 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 95.9 96.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,450 6,390 7,055 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 15,955 6,815 9,145 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 13,290 5,740 7,555 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 11,370 4,990 6,385 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 9,335 4,200 5,130 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,390 3,690 3,700 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,610 3,055 2,555 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,490 2,450 2,040 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 8,390 5,285 3,100 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,060 1,760 1,300 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,735 1,090 640 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 3,590 2,430 1,160 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 93,030 44,440 48,590 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 31,475 13,205 18,275 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 61,550 31,235 30,320 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 66.2 70.3 62.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,440 4,105 4,340 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,040 2,355 2,690 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 8,455 4,020 4,440 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,890 3,345 3,545 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,895 2,980 2,915 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,140 2,445 2,700 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,105 1,930 2,170 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,505 1,810 1,695 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,795 1,470 1,330 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 11,285 6,775 4,505 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,855 1,540 1,310 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,380 1,260 1,120 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 6,050 3,970 2,080 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 48,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,660 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,215 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,115 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,703 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,697 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,925 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,667 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,281 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 48,065 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,687 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,382 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,075 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,810 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,094 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,995 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,210 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,097 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 48,040 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 915 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 810 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,475 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,890 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,860 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,010 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,040 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,135 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,055 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,165 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,905 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,545 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,140 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,815 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,500 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,785 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,730 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,095 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,765 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,190 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 48,040 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 965 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 820 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,495 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,950 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,135 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,245 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,435 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,570 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,590 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,520 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,650 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,920 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,440 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,050 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,385 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,870 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,220 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,670 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,975 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,490 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,505 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,471 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,595 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,713 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,955 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,110 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,309 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,674 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,590 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,652 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,032 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,615 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,502 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,589 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,665 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,398 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,831 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,165 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,714 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,025 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,540 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,014 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,643 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 23,600 11,165 12,440 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,078 31,515 35,868 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,893 28,803 32,623 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 23,275 10,940 12,335 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,127 41,872 48,014 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,580 35,179 39,709 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 109,055 52,610 56,445 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 54,460 25,825 28,630 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 15,310 7,605 7,705 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 11,635 5,330 6,305 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 9,580 4,455 5,120 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 8,995 4,180 4,810 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 8,945 4,265 4,680 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 54,595 26,780 27,820 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 9,025 4,245 4,780 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 9,575 4,590 4,985 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 10,580 5,180 5,395 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 12,600 6,210 6,390 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 12,820 6,550 6,265 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 109,050 52,605 56,445 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 19,270 9,860 9,410 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 6,600 3,365 3,230 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 69,600 34,130 35,470 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 20,180 8,620 11,560 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,800 9,305 10,495 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 5,315 2,760 2,550 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,890 1,005 885 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 12,530 5,830 6,705 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,955 720 1,240 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.2 17.7 18.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 27.6 28.0 27.1 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 28.6 29.9 27.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 17.1 18.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.7 8.4 10.7 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 17,795 8,720 9,075 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 4,220 2,205 2,015 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,550 845 710 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 12,225 6,040 6,185 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,345 475 870 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 16.3 16.6 16.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 22.4 21.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 23.5 25.1 22.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 17.6 17.7 17.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.7 5.5 7.5 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 109,270 52,695 56,570 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 107,235 51,900 55,335 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 106,430 51,650 54,780 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 32,005 14,280 17,715 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 38,595 18,085 20,510 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 165 60 105 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 80 15 65 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 10 30 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 20 10 10 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 15 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 0 35 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 30 0 25 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 70 40 30 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 70 35 30 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 15 10 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,430 18,025 20,405 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,665 4,240 4,430 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 135 70 65 925 505 415
Kabyle 95 50 40 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,655 680 970 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 25 20 10 355 200 160
Oromo 35 15 20 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,585 645 945 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 7,050 3,570 3,480 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 340 145 200 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 6,205 3,175 3,030 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 425 220 210 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 15 10 10 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 185 70 115 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,470 725 745 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 285 155 130 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,190 580 615 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,965 750 1,215 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 20 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 195 75 125 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 20 0 15 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 170 75 95 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 0 10 215 115 100
Malay 95 30 60 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,825 700 1,120 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 735 290 445 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 25 10 20 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 685 275 410 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,100 585 515 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 185 90 95 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 165 90 75 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 590 295 300 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 265 170 100 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 17,930 8,590 9,335 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 105 60 45 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 100 55 50 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,775 1,665 2,115 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 85 35 50 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 50 15 30 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 40 15 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,700 1,630 2,070 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 25 15 15 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 235 115 125 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 200 105 100 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 275 115 160 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 155 80 70 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 10 0 10 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 925 395 530 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,560 665 890 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 225 120 95 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 25 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 95 35 60 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 555 230 325 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 40 25 15 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 15 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,060 895 1,165 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 55 30 25 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 20 15 10 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 405 185 220 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,395 585 815 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 55 25 30 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 85 35 50 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 115 60 45 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 445 215 225 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 4,965 2,720 2,240 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 3,515 2,025 1,490 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 555 310 240 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 465 290 175 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,980 1,140 840 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 95 60 30 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 125 55 65 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 755 440 315 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 65 40 20 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 700 375 325 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,525 730 795 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 145 60 85 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 240 120 115 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,230 605 630 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 7,070 3,265 3,800 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 3,200 1,600 1,605 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 445 240 205 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 385 195 195 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,320 1,375 1,950 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 255 120 130 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 270 100 165 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,425 550 875 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 80 25 60 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 0 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 20 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 50 20 25 1,225 550 675
Igbo 35 25 15 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 300 105 200 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 230 75 155 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 25 60 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 35 0 30 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 365 130 235 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 35 20 15 730 355 375
Yoruba 125 70 55 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 115 145 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 35 60 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 75 25 50 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 235 75 160 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 125 30 95 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 15 0 10 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105 40 65 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,950 2,335 2,620 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 4,805 2,260 2,540 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,985 940 1,050 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 45 25 20 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 3,060 1,405 1,660 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 15 10 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 205 65 140 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 25 55 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 215 120 95 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 75 80 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 25 15 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 125 65 60 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 135 55 85 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 30 15 10 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 105 35 70 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 380 195 190 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 15 10 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 335 170 165 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 10 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 15 0 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 505 235 270 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 45 15 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 40 15 20 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 420 205 215 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 109,265 52,695 56,575 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 98,200 47,225 50,975 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,640 9,100 8,545 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 80,555 38,125 42,430 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,070 5,470 5,595 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 109,265 52,695 56,570 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 75,600 36,955 38,645 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 30,600 13,995 16,610 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 8,515 3,860 4,655 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 3,375 1,555 1,825 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 6,005 2,670 3,330 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 7,115 3,205 3,915 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 3,040 1,315 1,725 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 4,075 1,895 2,185 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,595 2,705 2,895 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,070 1,745 1,320 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 30,605 13,995 16,610 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,040 1,530 1,515 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 5,225 2,565 2,660 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 6,680 2,950 3,730 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 13,095 5,820 7,270 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,560 1,130 1,430 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,605 13,995 16,610 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 3,640 1,640 1,990 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 120 65 50 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 165 70 95 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 215 105 110 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 215 100 115 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 460 200 260 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 340 160 180 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 130 50 85 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 95 40 50 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 170 55 115 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 995 460 535 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 735 340 395 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 8,705 3,945 4,760 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 305 170 140 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 90 30 60 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 230 75 155 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 580 210 370 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 165 75 95 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 170 75 95 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 100 30 65 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,575 810 770 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 305 130 170 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 630 260 365 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 115 70 45 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 335 175 160 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 530 220 310 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 85 45 40 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 380 160 225 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,065 955 1,105 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,040 460 585 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 4,535 1,990 2,540 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 205 85 120 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 485 260 220 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 280 115 165 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 155 75 75 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 130 65 65 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 155 75 80 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 735 245 490 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 155 85 70 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,230 975 1,260 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 13,620 6,375 7,245 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 315 155 160 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 380 210 170 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,305 1,005 1,300 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 320 180 135 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,540 805 740 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 735 345 385 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 535 235 300 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 65 25 40 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 140 60 80 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 905 485 425 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 390 220 170 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,780 705 1,075 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 250 105 140 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 495 240 255 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 150 60 90 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 880 375 500 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 2,445 1,170 1,270 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 105 40 75 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,595 2,700 2,890 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 545 240 305 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 10 10 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 55 30 25 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 15 0 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 130 55 75 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 20 10 10 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 35 10 20 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 160 85 75 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 15 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 100 35 65 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 355 165 190 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 10 10 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 10 0 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania