Census Profile, 2016 Census
Perth--Wellington [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Perth--Wellington
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Perth--Wellington [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Perth--Wellington [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 107,908 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 104,912 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.9 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 43,512 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 41,783 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 30.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,580.29 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 107,910 53,100 54,810 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 20,475 10,435 10,045 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,770 3,405 3,370 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,885 3,525 3,355 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,815 3,505 3,315 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 67,815 33,865 33,950 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,005 3,620 3,390 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,630 3,420 3,210 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,120 3,060 3,060 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,150 3,035 3,115 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,895 2,905 2,990 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,080 3,055 3,025 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,480 3,180 3,300 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,085 3,995 4,095 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,050 3,955 4,090 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,310 3,645 3,670 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 19,615 8,805 10,810 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,040 2,915 3,120 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,405 2,085 2,315 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,475 1,610 1,870 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,660 1,170 1,495 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,030 1,020 2,010 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,925 715 1,210 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 865 265 605 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 215 40 175 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 0 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.0 19.7 18.3 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 62.8 63.8 61.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 18.2 16.6 19.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.8 1.9 3.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.9 39.8 41.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.4 40.1 42.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 41,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,250 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 640 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,710 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,595 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,580 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 970 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,380 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 190 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 185 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 41,780 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 11,050 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 15,345 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,670 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,420 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,295 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 105,525 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 87,430 42,670 44,765 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 53,850 26,980 26,865 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 46,410 23,265 23,145 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 7,440 3,715 3,720 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 33,585 15,690 17,895 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 21,090 11,550 9,540 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,460 1,135 1,320 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,275 1,810 2,465 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,750 1,185 4,565 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,145 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 15,620 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,465 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,255 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,810 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,150 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 26,465 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 22,745 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,720 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,690 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,810 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 875 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,460 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 13,435 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 13,030 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,410 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,920 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 3,705 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,690 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,190 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,055 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 445 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,720 6,960 7,765 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 41,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,290 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,070 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,220 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 425 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,070 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 11,050 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,015 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 106,300 52,545 53,750 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 101,245 50,465 50,780 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 20 10 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 3,960 1,535 2,420 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 1,075 535 535 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 106,300 52,545 53,750 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 104,655 51,755 52,905 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 520 240 275 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 75 35 45 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 1,045 520 525 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 560 260 295 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 106,300 52,545 53,750 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 105,530 52,190 53,345 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 92,295 45,580 46,715 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 91,725 45,310 46,415 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 565 270 300 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 13,235 6,610 6,625 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,230 6,610 6,625 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 130 65 65 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 130 65 60 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 10 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 105 50 50 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 5 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 5 15 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 20 5 15 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 170 55 115 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 5 0 5 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 10 5 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 45 95 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 15 10 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 60 30 30 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 35 15 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 15 10 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 10 5 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 12,155 6,100 6,050 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 10 5 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 465 215 250 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 25 10 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 5 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 10 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 440 205 245 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 5 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 5 5 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 50 20 25 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 25 10 15 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 10 5 10 325 160 165
Polish 165 80 90 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 40 15 25 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 40 20 20 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 25 15 10 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 55 20 30 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 10,415 5,255 5,160 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 10 5 0 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 55 25 30 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,970 1,015 955 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 40 20 15 295 145 145
German 8,245 4,145 4,105 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 15 5 10 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 35 30 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 45 25
Greek 90 45 45 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 330 170 160 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 300 160 145 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 10 5 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 90 45 45 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 40 20 20 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 5 0 620 325 295
Nepali 5 0 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120 70 50 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 25 10 10 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 30 15 15 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 10 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 835 400 425 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 270 135 135 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 195 90 100 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 60 30 35 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 305 145 155 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 65 30 30 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 90 40 45 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 10 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 5 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 0 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 195 85 105 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 190 80 105 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 75 35 45 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 90 35 50 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 5 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 175 95 80 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 120 60 60 1,100 550 550
Thai 55 35 20 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 10 5 5 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 530 290 235
Turkish 0 0 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 110 50 55 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 5 0 705 295 410
Finnish 15 5 10 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 85 40 45 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 765 360 410 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 100 45 60 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 640 310 335 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 10 0 10 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 106,300 52,550 53,750 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 104,845 51,815 53,025 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 98,320 48,540 49,780 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 98,235 48,505 49,730 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 85 35 45 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 6,520 3,280 3,245 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,525 3,280 3,245 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 35 45 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 80 35 40 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 5 0 600 275 320
Arabic 70 30 40 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 5 5 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 10 5 5 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 60 25 35 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 25 35 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 25 10 10 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 15 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 0 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 5,955 2,985 2,970 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 5 0 5 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 110 60 50 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 15 10 10 210 90 115
Latvian 5 5 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 15 10 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 95 50 45 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 15 10 5 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 0 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 5 150 75 75
Polish 45 20 20 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 10 5 0 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 5 5 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 5 0 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 5 5 0 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 5,340 2,690 2,650 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 430 220 205 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 10 5 5 10 5 5
German 4,800 2,415 2,380 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 15 5 5
Greek 35 20 15 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 190 95 95 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 170 85 85 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 60 25 30 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 15 10 5 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 0 5 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 65 30 35 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 20 10 10 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 20 10 10 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 5 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 275 125 150 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 60 25 35 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 60 30 40 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 25 10 15 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 120 60 60 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 5 10
Japanese 45 30 20 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 45 25 20 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 25 20 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 20 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 115 55 60 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 115 55 60 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 50 25 25 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 60 30 35 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 130 75 55 1,380 595 785
Lao 85 45 45 460 225 235
Thai 40 30 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 25 15 15 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 30 15 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,455 730 725 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 50 20 30 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,390 700 690 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 106,300 52,550 53,750 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 99,760 49,350 50,415 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 2,505 1,255 1,250 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 515 205 315 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 3,445 1,710 1,740 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 10 0 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 3,440 1,710 1,730 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 20 10 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 40 20 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 85,110 41,825 43,285 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,720 40,785 41,940 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,068 42,650 28,613 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,735 40,780 41,955 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,756 37,811 26,399 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,155 38,750 38,405 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,014 40,895 24,290 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,210 25,530 31,680 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,873 3,765 6,797 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,620 33,870 30,750 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,552 40,659 25,358 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 85,110 41,865 43,240 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,810 40,865 41,945 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,805 50,474 35,333 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,825 40,865 41,960 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,410 42,121 30,848 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,180 38,800 38,385 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,087 48,387 31,697 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,480 25,735 31,745 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,842 7,200 8,362 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,615 33,835 30,785 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,782 45,718 31,157 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 85,110 41,865 43,240 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 34,965 20,890 14,075 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,870 52,112 40,738 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 52,345 57,224 45,103 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.3 91.0 82.2 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 75.8 65.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.7 9.0 17.8 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 85,110 41,825 43,285 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,385 1,040 1,345 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 82,720 40,785 41,940 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.2 97.5 96.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,555 3,705 5,845 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 13,995 5,350 8,645 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 12,395 5,025 7,370 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 10,785 4,905 5,875 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 10,135 5,170 4,965 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,825 4,575 3,255 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,410 3,485 1,925 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,690 2,515 1,170 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,500 1,650 850 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,165 1,330 830 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,275 3,070 1,205 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,100 2,185 910 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,175 890 290 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 85,110 41,825 43,285 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,370 1,035 1,335 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 82,735 40,785 41,950 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.2 97.5 96.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,870 3,805 6,065 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 14,730 5,665 9,065 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 14,470 5,990 8,480 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 13,290 6,450 6,840 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 11,320 6,300 5,015 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,215 4,590 2,630 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,385 2,960 1,425 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,095 1,955 1,135 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,365 3,080 1,285 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,655 1,100 560 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 855 610 245 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,850 1,365 485 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 85,110 41,825 43,285 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 20,485 7,955 12,535 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 64,620 33,865 30,750 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 75.9 81.0 71.0 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,850 4,040 4,810 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,430 2,225 3,210 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,000 3,905 5,100 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,135 3,065 4,065 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,570 3,435 4,135 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 7,325 3,990 3,335 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,725 3,650 2,070 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,980 2,755 1,220 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,750 1,990 760 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,855 4,810 2,045 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,015 1,355 660 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,800 1,115 680 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,040 2,335 705 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 41,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,567 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,565 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,050 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,185 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,971 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,735 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,448 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,092 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 41,780 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,835 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,177 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,985 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,289 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,626 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,795 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,370 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,216 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 41,780 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 400 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 435 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 970 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,300 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,775 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,585 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,775 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,860 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,830 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,875 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,535 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,370 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,100 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,855 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,565 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,570 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,825 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,100 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,855 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,785 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 41,785 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 450 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 460 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 980 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,395 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,005 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,810 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,055 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,200 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,215 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,210 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,090 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,855 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,535 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,100 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,485 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,945 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,315 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,175 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,455 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,040 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,268 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,870 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,850 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,540 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,614 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,130 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,236 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,920 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,465 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,346 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,992 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,085 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,444 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,203 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,860 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,618 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,185 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,110 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,722 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,410 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,510 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,110 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,822 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,245 6,305 6,940 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,246 37,418 30,169 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,193 33,164 27,919 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,215 6,250 6,965 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,560 42,654 36,781 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,234 36,038 32,613 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 105,525 52,235 53,295 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 53,710 25,855 27,850 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 7,805 3,800 4,005 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 9,710 4,370 5,340 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,440 5,915 6,525 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 11,765 5,810 5,955 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 11,995 5,965 6,025 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 51,815 26,375 25,440 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 12,355 6,215 6,135 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 11,490 5,800 5,695 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 11,005 5,610 5,395 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,095 5,180 4,920 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 6,865 3,570 3,290 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 105,525 52,235 53,290 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 24,675 12,625 12,055 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 8,100 4,095 4,010 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 63,120 31,395 31,725 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 17,730 8,215 9,520 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,435 5,795 6,640 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,750 1,940 1,815 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,490 765 730 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 6,555 3,055 3,500 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,130 800 1,330 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.8 11.1 12.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.2 15.4 15.1 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.4 18.7 18.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 9.7 11.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.7 14.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,805 2,355 2,450 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,265 645 615 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 485 245 240 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 3,220 1,580 1,640 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 320 130 195 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.6 4.5 4.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 5.1 5.1 5.1 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.0 6.0 6.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.1 5.0 5.2 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 2.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 105,525 52,230 53,290 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 104,400 51,690 52,715 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 104,395 51,680 52,715 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 3,975 1,540 2,435 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 15,585 7,795 7,795 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 10 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 10 55 20 35
Dakota 10 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,580 7,800 7,780 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 180 85 90 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 175 80 95 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 10 10 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 140 60 75 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 10 10 10 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 15 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 25 15 15 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 295 100 195 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 15 10 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 0 15 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 10 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 10 10 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 260 90 170 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 45 35 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 10 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 80 35 40 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 45 25 20 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 30 15 20 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 14,140 7,110 7,030 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 30 10 15 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 480 190 290 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 20 15 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 15 15 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 470 185 285 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 55 20 35 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 40 15 25 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 0 10 400 220 185
Polish 140 55 85 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 95 45 45 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 55 20 30 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 25 10 20 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 20 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 30 15 15 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 30 15 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 660 395 265
Welsh 10 10 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 11,435 5,835 5,605 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 50 25 25 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 35 20 20 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 3,100 1,580 1,520 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 55 25 30 465 230 240
German 8,970 4,575 4,400 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 0 0 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 90 45 45 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 380 175 205 155 95 60
Greek 175 95 75 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 480 260 220 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 445 235 210 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 20 15 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 105 55 50 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 200 95 105 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 0 10 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 185 105 85 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 70 45 30 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 35 30 15 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 35 25 10 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,725 830 895 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 365 175 190 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 340 155 190 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 60 30 30 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 985 485 505 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 150 90 65 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 105 45 60 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 25 20 10 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 10 10 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 10 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 130 65 60 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 45 25 25 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 80 45 40 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 150 65 85 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 145 65 80 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 65 30 40 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 80 30 45 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 10 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 10 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 250 155 100 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 160 80 80 1,630 735 890
Thai 125 85 35 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 25 15 10 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 10 10 10 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 10 10 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 120 50 70 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 0 0 0 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 115 55 65 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 105,525 52,230 53,290 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 103,250 51,155 52,095 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,340 12,420 11,920 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 78,910 38,740 40,175 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,275 1,075 1,200 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 105,525 52,230 53,290 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 96,020 47,635 48,380 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 9,135 4,385 4,755 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 4,785 2,290 2,495 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,065 545 520 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,360 665 695 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,180 540 635 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 705 305 400 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 475 235 240 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 745 335 410 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 375 210 160 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 9,140 4,380 4,755 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,495 770 725 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,035 970 1,065 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,275 1,060 1,215 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 2,980 1,430 1,550 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 355 155 200 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,135 4,380 4,755 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,190 1,055 1,135 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 25 10 20 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 20 10 15 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 20 15 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 35 10 25 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 10 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 75 40 35 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,025 515 515 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 80 45 35 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 665 280 385 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 230 130 100 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 5,470 2,625 2,845 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 10 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 25 10 20 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 30 15 15 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 530 255 270 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 85 40 45 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 35 15 20 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 40 60 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 160 70 95 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,595 825 770 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 120 55 65 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 175 100 80 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 35 10 25 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 40 20 15 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 45 45 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 15 0 10 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,850 865 980 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 580 260 315 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 220 120 105 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 20 10 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 15 0 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 10 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 0 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 80 45 35 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 70 45 25 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,215 565 650 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 15 15 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 120 45 75 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 25 10 10 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 315 155 160 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 25 15 0 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 10 10 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 50 15 35 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 75 40 35 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 15 0 15 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 55 40 10 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 215 80 135 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 60 30 30 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 0 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 25 10 15 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 185 95 95 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 40 20 25 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 745 340 410 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 370 180 195 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 15 10 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 10 10 10 580 250 325
Cuba 15 15 0 140 60 80
Haiti 10 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 230 110 125 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 75 30 45 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 20 10 15 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 40 30 15 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 10 970 510 460
Germany 10 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation 0 0