Census Profile, 2016 Census
Peterborough--Kawartha [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peterborough--Kawartha
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Peterborough--Kawartha [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Peterborough--Kawartha [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 118,176 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 115,264 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 62,328 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 50,142 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 39.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,025.15 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 118,175 56,760 61,415 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 16,790 8,580 8,205 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,665 2,940 2,725 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,725 2,865 2,860 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,400 2,780 2,625 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 73,965 35,880 38,080 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,280 3,140 3,140 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 7,890 3,875 4,015 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 7,055 3,505 3,550 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 6,660 3,300 3,360 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 6,015 2,930 3,090 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,050 3,020 3,030 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 6,730 3,150 3,580 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,555 4,130 4,425 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 9,405 4,400 5,005 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 9,315 4,430 4,885 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 27,420 12,300 15,125 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 8,655 4,140 4,515 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 6,385 2,985 3,395 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 4,610 2,130 2,475 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,700 1,620 2,080 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 4,070 1,420 2,655 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,545 1,000 1,550 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,185 350 830 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 300 70 230 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 40 5 40 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.2 15.1 13.4 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 62.6 63.2 62.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 23.2 21.7 24.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.4 2.5 4.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 44.6 43.4 45.7 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 46.8 45.1 48.3 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 50,145 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 34,780 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,515 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,820 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 850 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 2,925 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,725 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,225 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 100 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 50,145 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 14,280 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 19,835 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 7,105 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 5,845 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,080 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 115,410 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 101,385 48,180 53,210 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 57,685 28,775 28,905 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 47,025 23,490 23,540 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 10,655 5,290 5,370 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 43,700 19,400 24,300 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 25,860 13,635 12,220 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,380 1,435 1,945 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,975 2,775 4,195 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 7,490 1,555 5,940 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 34,075 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 20,060 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 6,545 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 5,350 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,120 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 34,075 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 28,295 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 22,970 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,330 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,775 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,595 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,185 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,300 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 16,385 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 11,915 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 4,995 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 4,925 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 1,995 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,775 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,670 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,555 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 550 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 22,950 10,385 12,570 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 50,140 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,560 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 15,760 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,800 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 750 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,835 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 14,280 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,555 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 116,275 56,120 60,160 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 107,800 52,605 55,190 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 25 10 10 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 8,175 3,390 4,795 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 270 110 160 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 116,275 56,120 60,155 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 114,720 55,475 59,245 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,165 490 670 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 135 60 80 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 250 95 155 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,235 515 715 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 0.9 1.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 116,275 56,120 60,155 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 115,435 55,725 59,710 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 108,905 52,570 56,330 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 107,650 52,050 55,595 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,250 515 735 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 6,535 3,150 3,380 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 110 50 60 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 105 45 55 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 80 40 45 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 80 35 45 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 5 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,425 3,105 3,320 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 335 180 155 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 25 10 15 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 25 15 15 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 305 170 140 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 10 5 5 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 270 150 115 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10 5 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 20 10 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 185 90 100 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 35 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 125 60 65 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 235 90 145 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 5 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 35 15 20 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 15 10 10 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 5 5 0 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 170 60 110 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5 0 0 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 155 80 75 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 5 5 0 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 35 20 20 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 70 35 35 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 35 20 15 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 4,330 2,120 2,210 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 80 40 40 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 5 0 0 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 920 445 475 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 40 20 25 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 30 10 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 10 5 5 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 875 425 455 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 0 0 0 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 20 10 15 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 30 15 10 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 75 40 40 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 20 10 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 465 215 250 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 100 55 45 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 25 10 15 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 20 10 10 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 95 45 45 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 20 10 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 450 210 240
Welsh 10 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,490 695 800 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 10 5 5 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 45 20 20 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 535 245 290 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 15 10 5 1,240 630 620
German 820 385 440 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 30 15 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 105 55 50 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 815 445 370 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 655 365 285 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 65 35 25 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 190 110 85 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 105 65 40 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 15 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 10 5 5 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 10 5 5 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 70 60 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 10 5 5 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 115 70 50 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 165 85 80 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 5 5 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 30 15 20 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 120 60 60 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 890 435 460 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 355 185 170 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 130 60 70 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 60 30 25 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 350 155 195 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 35 10 25 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 185 85 105 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 60 30 30 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 15 5 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 10 5 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 15 10 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 35 20 15 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 15 10 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 595 275 315 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 570 270 300 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 180 90 90 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 0 5 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 315 145 165 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 20 35 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 20 10 15 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 10 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 0 0 0 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 15 5 10 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 15 5 5 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 10 10 0 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 225 90 135 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 10 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 75 25 55 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 125 60 65 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 840 395 445 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 290 125 165 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 515 260 255 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 20 5 15 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 116,275 56,120 60,155 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 115,005 55,470 59,535 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 112,840 54,415 58,425 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 112,525 54,275 58,245 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 320 140 180 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 2,165 1,055 1,110 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 30 20 15 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 30 20 10 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 10 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 25 15 10 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,135 1,040 1,095 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 180 90 95 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 10 5 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 170 80 90 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 5 5 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 165 80 85 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 5 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 120 55 65 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 85 40 45 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 90 40 55 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 10 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 30 40 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 0 0 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 55 30 25 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 10 10 5 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 30 10 15 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 10 5 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 1,100 540 560 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 30 10 15 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 0 0 0 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 245 120 125 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 0 0 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 240 115 125 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 0 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 5 5 5 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 0 0 0 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 15 10 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 160 80 85 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 30 15 15 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 10 0 5 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 0 5 0 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 15 10 10 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 125 60 65 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 5 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 25 10 15 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 90 40 45 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 5 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 5 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 20 5 10 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 450 235 220 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 360 190 175 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 40 20 20 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 115 65 50 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 55 25 30 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 5 0 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 10 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 45 30 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 5 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 65 30 30 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 85 40 45 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 5 0 5 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 10 5 5 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 75 35 40 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 235 110 125 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 60 30 30 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 25 10 15 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 30 20 15 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 120 55 60 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 10 5 0 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 145 75 75 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 5 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 45 30 10 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 15 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 340 165 175 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 320 160 165 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 85 40 45 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 205 105 100 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 10 15 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 5 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 20 5 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 5 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 5 5 5 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 0 0 0 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 5 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 30 10 25 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 10 0 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 20 5 10 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 1,265 645 620 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 105 55 45 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 1,125 575 555 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 0 0 0 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 116,275 56,120 60,160 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 111,365 53,880 57,480 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 1,130 555 580 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,300 505 795 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 2,380 1,110 1,265 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 225 95 130 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 2,150 1,020 1,130 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 10 5 5 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 30 25 10 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 60 40 25 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 98,665 47,185 51,475 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,310 45,600 49,710 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,189 36,528 27,182 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,345 45,600 49,740 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,656 33,069 25,330 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,205 40,780 43,425 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,287 34,269 23,159 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,695 33,320 40,370 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,992 7,786 8,106 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,370 33,290 32,080 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,724 30,452 25,358 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 98,665 47,245 51,420 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,310 45,655 49,655 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,237 47,768 35,231 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,345 45,655 49,690 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,951 39,835 30,462 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,990 40,840 43,145 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,155 46,537 32,167 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,515 33,260 40,255 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,730 8,425 8,983 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,295 33,290 32,005 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,790 42,534 32,855 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 98,665 47,240 51,420 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 28,640 15,495 13,140 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,822 53,767 45,325 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,199 63,583 51,850 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.8 87.1 79.8 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 62.3 64.6 59.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.2 12.9 20.2 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 98,665 47,185 51,475 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,355 1,585 1,765 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 95,310 45,600 49,710 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.6 96.6 96.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,590 5,710 6,885 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 18,685 7,370 11,315 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 14,805 6,090 8,715 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 12,125 5,535 6,585 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,690 4,830 4,860 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,320 3,900 3,415 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,380 3,075 2,305 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,765 2,220 1,545 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 2,825 1,720 1,105 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,505 1,360 1,145 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 5,635 3,795 1,835 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 3,980 2,580 1,400 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,655 1,220 440 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 98,665 47,190 51,475 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,325 1,585 1,735 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 95,340 45,600 49,740 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.6 96.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,120 5,810 7,305 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 19,370 7,670 11,700 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 17,265 7,220 10,040 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 13,940 6,670 7,265 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,565 5,495 5,070 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,115 4,010 3,105 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 4,625 2,830 1,800 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,515 2,000 1,520 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 5,830 3,890 1,940 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,150 1,290 855 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,130 745 380 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 2,550 1,850 700 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 98,665 47,190 51,475 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 33,295 13,900 19,400 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 65,370 33,290 32,080 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 66.3 70.5 62.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,945 6,580 5,360 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,765 2,515 3,245 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,205 4,060 5,140 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,415 3,335 4,080 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 7,005 3,205 3,795 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,460 2,645 2,820 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,460 2,340 2,110 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,435 1,970 1,465 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,475 1,450 1,030 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 8,210 5,190 3,020 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,140 1,290 845 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,110 1,080 1,025 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 3,965 2,815 1,145 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 50,140 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,181 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,663 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,280 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,517 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,113 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 35,860 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,742 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,050 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 50,145 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,381 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,456 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,300 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,777 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,959 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 35,840 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,384 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,022 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 50,145 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 635 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 660 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,665 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,240 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,570 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,335 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,445 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,555 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,510 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,330 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,225 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,895 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,460 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,930 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,630 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,035 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,740 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,015 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,110 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,170 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 50,145 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 680 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 675 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,685 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,350 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,855 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,600 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,865 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,875 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,870 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,735 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,940 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,390 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,695 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,145 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,475 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,315 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,220 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,300 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,790 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,870 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,542 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,596 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 15,440 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,558 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,694 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,090 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,240 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,241 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,370 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,921 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,477 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,825 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,613 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,813 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 15,345 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,449 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,068 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,135 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,211 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,656 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,345 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,712 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,349 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 20,545 9,390 11,150 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,339 26,610 26,212 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,789 24,798 24,786 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,485 9,525 10,955 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,633 36,920 34,513 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,880 31,399 30,428 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 115,410 55,740 59,670 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 62,790 29,600 33,190 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 13,495 6,545 6,945 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 13,175 5,770 7,410 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 12,250 5,730 6,520 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 12,030 5,825 6,200 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 11,840 5,730 6,115 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 52,620 26,140 26,480 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,535 5,600 5,930 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 11,380 5,585 5,790 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 10,885 5,420 5,465 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 10,395 5,250 5,145 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 8,435 4,290 4,150 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 114,350 55,245 59,105 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 19,975 10,170 9,805 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 6,685 3,475 3,210 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 69,200 33,440 35,760 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 25,180 11,635 13,545 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,490 8,440 10,050 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 4,130 2,120 2,010 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,580 815 760 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 11,570 5,355 6,215 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,785 965 1,825 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.2 15.3 17.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.8 20.5 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 23.6 23.5 23.7 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 16.7 16.0 17.4 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.1 8.3 13.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,950 4,960 4,995 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,800 940 865 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 715 370 345 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 7,710 3,855 3,860 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 440 170 270 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 9.0 8.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.2 8.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.7 10.6 10.7 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 11.5 10.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.5 2.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 115,400 55,740 59,655 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 115,110 55,610 59,500 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 115,075 55,595 59,480 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 8,165 3,460 4,705 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 8,935 4,160 4,780 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 405 190 215 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 385 180 205 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 385 180 200 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 380 185 205 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 10 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,530 3,970 4,565 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 490 295 195 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 15 10 10 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 15 10 10 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 470 280 185 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 15 10 10 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 375 225 150 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 40 25 20 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 40 30 15 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 110 130 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 40 35 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 160 75 90 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 325 130 195 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 10 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 35 15 25 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 10 0 10 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 10 10 10 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 105 185 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 15 10 0 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 205 115 85 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 15 10 0 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 50 20 30 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 120 75 45 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 45 30 15 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 5,700 2,600 3,100 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 90 50 40 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 10 10 0 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 1,120 470 650 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 50 20 30 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 40 15 25 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 10 0 10 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 1,070 450 610 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 0 0 0 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 35 10 25 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 50 20 25 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 80 25 50 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 30 15 10 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 515 220 295 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 205 95 110 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 50 20 35 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 15 10 15 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 120 55 65 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 30 15 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 15 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,885 885 995 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 50 15 40 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 45 20 25 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 625 265 355 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 10 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,160 595 565 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 60 25 35 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 115 50 60 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 955 495 460 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 870 450 415 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 130 70 60 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 265 140 125 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 390 205 185 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 15 10 0 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 45 15 30 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 140 75 60 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 10 10 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 0 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 180 95 80 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 85 45 45 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 0 0 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 10 10 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 40 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 1,730 760 970 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 440 220 225 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 195 85 105 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 40 15 25 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 1,110 470 640 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 115 70 50 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 185 75 110 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 10 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 160 70 95 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 10 10 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 10 0 10 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 10 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 70 40 35 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 45 20 25 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 0 30 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 15 10 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 295 130 160 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 185 75 110 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 120 75 50 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 735 360 375 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 710 355 360 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 275 145 130 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 0 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 410 195 220 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 20 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 10 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 30 45 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 20 10 15 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 15 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 25 10 20 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 25 10 15 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 15 10 15 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 300 110 190 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 30 0 20 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 85 25 60 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 185 80 105 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 115,400 55,740 59,660 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 112,880 54,510 58,375 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,005 10,105 9,900 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 92,875 44,400 48,475 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,520 1,235 1,285 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 115,400 55,745 59,660 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 104,525 50,605 53,915 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 10,150 4,745 5,405 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 5,870 2,760 3,110 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 1,100 515 585 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 1,065 450 615 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 1,380 660 725 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 745 360 385 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 635 295 340 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 735 365 370 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 730 390 335 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 10,150 4,745 5,400 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 1,515 770 750 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 2,170 1,020 1,145 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 2,480 1,095 1,390 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 3,425 1,610 1,815 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 555 255 300 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,150 4,745 5,400 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 1,445 605 835 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 25 10 15 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 0 0 0 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 0 0 0 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 95 35 60 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 0 0 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 95 45 50 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 60 25 35 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 15 10 10 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 40 15 25 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 875 345 525 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 225 115 110 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 6,035 2,895 3,130 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 10 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 30 15 15 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 55 30 25 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 595 285 310 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 40 15 25 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 125 45 75 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 115 55 60 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 185 95 90 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 565 280 285 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 310 130 175 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 65 25 40 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 55 25 25 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 55 20 35 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 25 30 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 50 20 35 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,120 1,540 1,585 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 590 275 310 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 400 220 180 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 10 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 85 55 25 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 15 10 10 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 25 10 20 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 10 10 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 10 0 0 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 20 20 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 70 35 35 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 165 90 80 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 2,190 965 1,225 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 30 10 25 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 60 40 20 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 400 130 270 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 70 40 35 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 400 190 200 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 35 25 10 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 30 20 10 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 30 10 20 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 140 60 80 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 75 40 40 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 120 60 60 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 305 125 185 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 45 25 25 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 90 40 50 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 15 0 10 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 115 50 70 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 220 110 110 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 55 30 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 735 360 375 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 90 55 40 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 15 0 10 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 0 0 0 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 15 10 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 0 0 0 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 0 0 0 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 40 20 15 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 20 15 0 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 130 65 65 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 10 10 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania