Census Profile, 2016 Census
Peterborough--Kawartha [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peterborough--Kawartha
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Peterborough--Kawartha [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Peterborough--Kawartha [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 118,176 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 115,264 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 62,328 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 50,142 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 39.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,025.15 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 118,175 56,760 61,415 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 16,790 8,580 8,205 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,665 2,940 2,725 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,725 2,865 2,860 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,400 2,780 2,625 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 73,965 35,880 38,080 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,280 3,140 3,140 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,890 3,875 4,015 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 7,055 3,505 3,550 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,660 3,300 3,360 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,015 2,930 3,090 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,050 3,020 3,030 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,730 3,150 3,580 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,555 4,130 4,425 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 9,405 4,400 5,005 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 9,315 4,430 4,885 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 27,420 12,300 15,125 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 8,655 4,140 4,515 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 6,385 2,985 3,395 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,610 2,130 2,475 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,700 1,620 2,080 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 4,070 1,420 2,655 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,545 1,000 1,550 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,185 350 830 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 300 70 230 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 40 5 40 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.2 15.1 13.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 62.6 63.2 62.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 23.2 21.7 24.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.4 2.5 4.3 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.6 43.4 45.7 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 46.8 45.1 48.3 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 50,145 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 34,780 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,515 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,820 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 850 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 2,925 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,725 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,225 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 100 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 50,145 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 14,280 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 19,835 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,105 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,845 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,080 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 115,410 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 101,385 48,180 53,210 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 57,685 28,775 28,905 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 47,025 23,490 23,540 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 10,655 5,290 5,370 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 43,700 19,400 24,300 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 25,860 13,635 12,220 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,380 1,435 1,945 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,975 2,775 4,195 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 7,490 1,555 5,940 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 34,075 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 20,060 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,545 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,350 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,120 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 34,075 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 28,295 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 22,970 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,330 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,775 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,595 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,185 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,300 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 16,385 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 11,915 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,995 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,925 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,995 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,775 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,670 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,555 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 550 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 22,950 10,385 12,570 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 50,140 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,560 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 15,760 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,800 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 750 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,835 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 14,280 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,555 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 116,275 56,120 60,160 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 107,800 52,605 55,190 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 25 10 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 8,175 3,390 4,795 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 270 110 160 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 116,275 56,120 60,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 114,720 55,475 59,245 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,165 490 670 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 135 60 80 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 250 95 155 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,235 515 715 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 116,275 56,120 60,155 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 115,435 55,725 59,710 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 108,905 52,570 56,330 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 107,650 52,050 55,595 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,250 515 735 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 6,535 3,150 3,380 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 110 50 60 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 105 45 55 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 80 40 45 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 80 35 45 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,425 3,105 3,320 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 335 180 155 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 25 10 15 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 25 15 15 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 305 170 140 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 10 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 270 150 115 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 10 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 20 10 10 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 185 90 100 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 35 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 125 60 65 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 235 90 145 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 35 15 20 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 15 10 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 5 0 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 170 60 110 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 155 80 75 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 35 20 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 70 35 35 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 35 20 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 4,330 2,120 2,210 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 80 40 40 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 920 445 475 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 40 20 25 1,070 485 585
Latvian 30 10 15 565 255 300
Lithuanian 10 5 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 875 425 455 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 20 10 15 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 30 15 10 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 75 40 40 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 20 10 5 325 160 165
Polish 465 215 250 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 100 55 45 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 25 10 15 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 20 10 10 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 95 45 45 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 20 10 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,490 695 800 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 10 5 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 45 20 20 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 535 245 290 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 15 10 5 295 145 145
German 820 385 440 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 30 15 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 105 55 50 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 815 445 370 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 655 365 285 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 65 35 25 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 190 110 85 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 105 65 40 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 15 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 10 5 5 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 70 60 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 10 5 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 115 70 50 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 165 85 80 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 5 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 30 15 20 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 120 60 60 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 890 435 460 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 355 185 170 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 130 60 70 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 60 30 25 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 350 155 195 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 35 10 25 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 185 85 105 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 60 30 30 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 5 5 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 15 5 10 215 100 115
Swahili 10 5 10 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 15 10 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 35 20 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 10 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 595 275 315 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 570 270 300 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 180 90 90 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 5 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 315 145 165 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 20 35 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 20 10 15 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 10 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 15 5 10 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 15 5 5 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 530 290 235
Turkish 10 10 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 225 90 135 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 30 10 15 705 295 410
Finnish 75 25 55 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 125 60 65 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 840 395 445 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 290 125 165 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 515 260 255 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 20 5 15 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 116,275 56,120 60,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 115,005 55,470 59,535 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 112,840 54,415 58,425 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 112,525 54,275 58,245 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 320 140 180 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 2,165 1,055 1,110 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 30 20 15 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 30 20 10 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 15 10 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,135 1,040 1,095 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 180 90 95 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 10 5 5 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 170 80 90 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 5 5 600 275 320
Arabic 165 80 85 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 5 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 120 55 65 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 800 375 420
Vietnamese 85 40 45 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 90 40 55 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 15 10 10 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 30 40 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 55 30 25 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 10 10 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 30 10 15 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,100 540 560 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 30 10 15 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 245 120 125 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 240 115 125 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 5 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 0 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 15 10 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 160 80 85 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 30 15 15 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 10 0 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 5 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 15 10 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 125 60 65 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 25 10 15 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 90 40 45 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 5 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 5 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 20 5 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 450 235 220 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 360 190 175 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 40 20 20 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 115 65 50 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 55 25 30 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 0 5 270 140 130
Nepali 10 5 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 45 30 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 5 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 65 30 30 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 85 40 45 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 10 5 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 75 35 40 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 235 110 125 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 60 30 30 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 25 10 15 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 30 20 15 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 120 55 60 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 10 5 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 145 75 75 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 5 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 45 30 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 15 15 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 340 165 175 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 320 160 165 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 85 40 45 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 205 105 100 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 10 15 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 5 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 20 5 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 5 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 5 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 30 10 25 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 10 0 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 20 5 10 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,265 645 620 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 105 55 45 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,125 575 555 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 116,275 56,120 60,160 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 111,365 53,880 57,480 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,130 555 580 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,300 505 795 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,380 1,110 1,265 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 225 95 130 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 2,150 1,020 1,130 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 10 5 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 30 25 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 60 40 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 98,665 47,185 51,475 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,310 45,600 49,710 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,189 36,528 27,182 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,345 45,600 49,740 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,656 33,069 25,330 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,205 40,780 43,425 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,287 34,269 23,159 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,695 33,320 40,370 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,992 7,786 8,106 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,370 33,290 32,080 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,724 30,452 25,358 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 98,665 47,245 51,420 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,310 45,655 49,655 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,237 47,768 35,231 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,345 45,655 49,690 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,951 39,835 30,462 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,990 40,840 43,145 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,155 46,537 32,167 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,515 33,260 40,255 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,730 8,425 8,983 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,295 33,290 32,005 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,790 42,534 32,855 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 98,665 47,240 51,420 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 28,640 15,495 13,140 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,822 53,767 45,325 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,199 63,583 51,850 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.8 87.1 79.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 62.3 64.6 59.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.2 12.9 20.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 98,665 47,185 51,475 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,355 1,585 1,765 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 95,310 45,600 49,710 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.6 96.6 96.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,590 5,710 6,885 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 18,685 7,370 11,315 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 14,805 6,090 8,715 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 12,125 5,535 6,585 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 9,690 4,830 4,860 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,320 3,900 3,415 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,380 3,075 2,305 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,765 2,220 1,545 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,825 1,720 1,105 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,505 1,360 1,145 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,635 3,795 1,835 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,980 2,580 1,400 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,655 1,220 440 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 98,665 47,190 51,475 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,325 1,585 1,735 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 95,340 45,600 49,740 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.6 96.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,120 5,810 7,305 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 19,370 7,670 11,700 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 17,265 7,220 10,040 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 13,940 6,670 7,265 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 10,565 5,495 5,070 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,115 4,010 3,105 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,625 2,830 1,800 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,515 2,000 1,520 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,830 3,890 1,940 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,150 1,290 855 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,130 745 380 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,550 1,850 700 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 98,665 47,190 51,475 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 33,295 13,900 19,400 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 65,370 33,290 32,080 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 66.3 70.5 62.3 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,945 6,580 5,360 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,765 2,515 3,245 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,205 4,060 5,140 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 7,415 3,335 4,080 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,005 3,205 3,795 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,460 2,645 2,820 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,460 2,340 2,110 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,435 1,970 1,465 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,475 1,450 1,030 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 8,210 5,190 3,020 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,140 1,290 845 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,110 1,080 1,025 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,965 2,815 1,145 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 50,140 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,181 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,663 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,280 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,517 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,113 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 35,860 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,742 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,050 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 50,145 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,381 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,456 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,300 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,777 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,959 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 35,840 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,384 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,022 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 50,145 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 635 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 660 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,665 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,240 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,570 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,335 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,445 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,555 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,510 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,330 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,225 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,895 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,460 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,930 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,630 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,035 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,740 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,015 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,110 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,170 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 50,145 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 680 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 675 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,685 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,350 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,855 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,600 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,865 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,875 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,870 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,735 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,940 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,390 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,695 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,145 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,475 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,315 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,220 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,300 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,790 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,870 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,542 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,596 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 15,440 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,558 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,694 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,090 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,240 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,241 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,370 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,921 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,477 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,825 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,613 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,813 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 15,345 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,449 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,068 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,135 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,211 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,656 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,345 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,712 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,349 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 20,545 9,390 11,150 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,339 26,610 26,212 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,789 24,798 24,786 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,485 9,525 10,955 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,633 36,920 34,513 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,880 31,399 30,428 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 115,410 55,740 59,670 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 62,790 29,600 33,190 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 13,495 6,545 6,945 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 13,175 5,770 7,410 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,250 5,730 6,520 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 12,030 5,825 6,200 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 11,840 5,730 6,115 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 52,620 26,140 26,480 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 11,535 5,600 5,930 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 11,380 5,585 5,790 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 10,885 5,420 5,465 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,395 5,250 5,145 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 8,435 4,290 4,150 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 114,350 55,245 59,105 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 19,975 10,170 9,805 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,685 3,475 3,210 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 69,200 33,440 35,760 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 25,180 11,635 13,545 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,490 8,440 10,050 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,130 2,120 2,010 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,580 815 760 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 11,570 5,355 6,215 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,785 965 1,825 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.2 15.3 17.0 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.8 20.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 23.6 23.5 23.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.7 16.0 17.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.1 8.3 13.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,950 4,960 4,995 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,800 940 865 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 715 370 345 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 7,710 3,855 3,860 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 440 170 270 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 9.0 8.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.2 8.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 10.7 10.6 10.7 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 11.5 10.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.5 2.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 115,400 55,740 59,655 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 115,110 55,610 59,500 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 115,075 55,595 59,480 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 8,165 3,460 4,705 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 8,935 4,160 4,780 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 405 190 215 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 385 180 205 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 385 180 200 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 380 185 205 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 10 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,530 3,970 4,565 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 490 295 195 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 15 10 10 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 15 10 10 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 470 280 185 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 15 10 10 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 375 225 150 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 40 25 20 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 40 30 15 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 110 130 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 40 35 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 160 75 90 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 325 130 195 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 10 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 35 15 25 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 0 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 10 10 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 105 185 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 15 10 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 205 115 85 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 15 10 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 50 20 30 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 120 75 45 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 45 30 15 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 5,700 2,600 3,100 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 90 50 40 1,640 840 795
Armenian 10 10 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,120 470 650 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 50 20 30 1,030 515 520
Latvian 40 15 25 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 0 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,070 450 610 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 35 10 25 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 50 20 25 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 80 25 50 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 30 15 10 400 220 185
Polish 515 220 295 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 205 95 110 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 50 20 35 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 15 10 15 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 20 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 120 55 65 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 30 15 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 15 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,885 885 995 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 50 15 40 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 45 20 25 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 625 265 355 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 0 465 230 240
German 1,160 595 565 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 60 25 35 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 115 50 60 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 955 495 460 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 870 450 415 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 130 70 60 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 265 140 125 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 390 205 185 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 45 15 30 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 140 75 60 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 10 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 180 95 80 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 85 45 45 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 10 10 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 40 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,730 760 970 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 440 220 225 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 195 85 105 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 40 15 25 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,110 470 640 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 380 245 140
Japanese 115 70 50 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 185 75 110 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 160 70 95 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 10 0 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 10 10 10 415 220 195
Swahili 70 40 35 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 45 20 25 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 0 30 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 405 210 200
Dinka 15 10 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 295 130 160 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 185 75 110 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 120 75 50 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 735 360 375 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 710 355 360 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 275 145 130 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 0 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 410 195 220 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 20 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 30 45 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 20 10 15 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 15 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 25 10 20 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 25 10 15 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 15 10 15 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 300 110 190 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 30 0 20 780 350 425
Finnish 85 25 60 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 185 80 105 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 115,400 55,740 59,660 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 112,880 54,510 58,375 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,005 10,105 9,900 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 92,875 44,400 48,475 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,520 1,235 1,285 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 115,400 55,745 59,660 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 104,525 50,605 53,915 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 10,150 4,745 5,405 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 5,870 2,760 3,110 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,100 515 585 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,065 450 615 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,380 660 725 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 745 360 385 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 635 295 340 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 735 365 370 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 730 390 335 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 10,150 4,745 5,400 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,515 770 750 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,170 1,020 1,145 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,480 1,095 1,390 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,425 1,610 1,815 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 555 255 300 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,150 4,745 5,400 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,445 605 835 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 25 10 15 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 0 0 0 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 0 0 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 95 35 60 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 95 45 50 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 60 25 35 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 15 10 10 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 40 15 25 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 875 345 525 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 225 115 110 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,035 2,895 3,130 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 10 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 30 15 15 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 55 30 25 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 595 285 310 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 40 15 25 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 125 45 75 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 115 55 60 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 185 95 90 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 565 280 285 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 310 130 175 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 65 25 40 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 55 25 25 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 55 20 35 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 25 30 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 50 20 35 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,120 1,540 1,585 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 590 275 310 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 400 220 180 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 10 0 485 310 175
Egypt 85 55 25 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 15 10 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 25 10 20 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 10 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 0 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 20 20 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 70 35 35 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 165 90 80 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 2,190 965 1,225 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 30 10 25 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 60 40 20 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 400 130 270 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 70 40 35 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 400 190 200 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 35 25 10 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 30 20 10 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 30 10 20 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 140 60 80 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 75 40 40 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 120 60 60 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 305 125 185 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 45 25 25 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 90 40 50 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 15 0 10 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 115 50 70 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 220 110 110 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 55 30 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 735 360 375 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 90 55 40 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 15 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 15 10 10 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 40 20 15 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 20 15 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 130 65 65 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 10 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690