Census Profile, 2016 Census
Pickering--Uxbridge [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pickering--Uxbridge
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Pickering--Uxbridge [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Pickering--Uxbridge [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 112,947 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 109,344 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,576 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 38,582 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 173.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 652.50 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 112,950 54,955 57,990 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 18,230 9,290 8,940 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,420 2,745 2,685 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 6,015 3,080 2,935 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 6,795 3,465 3,325 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 77,520 37,820 39,700 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 7,840 4,135 3,700 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,035 4,195 3,840 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,470 3,335 3,135 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 6,330 3,055 3,280 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 6,330 2,995 3,335 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 6,950 3,260 3,690 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 8,260 3,820 4,440 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 10,225 4,825 5,400 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 9,455 4,580 4,880 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,630 3,635 4,000 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 17,195 7,850 9,345 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,035 2,975 3,065 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,010 1,925 2,090 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,875 1,300 1,580 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,170 920 1,250 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,095 740 1,365 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,365 530 840 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 575 180 390 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 140 30 115 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 0 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.9 15.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.6 68.8 68.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.2 14.3 16.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.9 39.8 41.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.4 40.8 43.8 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 38,585 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,105 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,710 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,735 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,460 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 4,670 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,910 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,680 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 38,580 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 6,570 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 11,640 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,390 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 7,970 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,010 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 111,965 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 94,715 45,665 49,050 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 55,655 27,780 27,875 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 49,500 24,705 24,795 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 6,160 3,080 3,080 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 39,065 17,890 21,175 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 26,950 14,300 12,650 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,380 920 1,455 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,825 1,670 3,155 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,910 995 3,915 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,950 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,805 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 7,935 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 8,035 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,175 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,950 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 27,330 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 24,255 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,075 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,620 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,505 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,115 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,330 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,535 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 16,790 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,200 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 7,555 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,040 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,620 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,270 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,735 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 615 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,640 4,850 6,790 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 38,580 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,495 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,285 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,210 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,675 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,415 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 6,570 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 845 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 112,085 54,635 57,450 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 102,845 50,965 51,880 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 65 25 40 1,110 530 580
English and French 8,185 3,285 4,895 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 995 360 635 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 112,085 54,635 57,450 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 109,320 53,530 55,790 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,335 555 785 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 465 210 260 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 965 345 620 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,570 655 915 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.2 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 112,085 54,635 57,450 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 109,250 53,220 56,030 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 87,535 42,855 44,680 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 86,245 42,325 43,920 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,285 530 760 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 21,715 10,370 11,350 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,710 10,365 11,345 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,300 680 620 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 55 30 25 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 50 30 25 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,245 650 595 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 60 30 30 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,110 580 525 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 15 10 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 30 15 20 80 40 40
Tigrigna 15 5 15 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 120 50 65 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 115 45 65 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,820 720 1,100 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 5 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 50 20 30 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 15 0 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 50 20 30 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 50 15 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,615 635 975 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 90 45 45 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 55 30 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,790 885 905 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 180 90 90 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,540 760 780 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 45 20 25 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 14,070 6,860 7,205 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 60 30 35 1,090 560 530
Armenian 180 95 85 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,935 905 1,035 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 60 25 35 645 280 370
Latvian 50 15 30 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,875 880 995 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 20 5 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 55 30 30 1,725 805 915
Croatian 90 50 40 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 90 40 50 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 520 245 280 250 120 135
Polish 595 275 325 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 200 95 105 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 60 30 30 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 1,145 545 600
Slovak 45 20 25 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 30 545 250 290
Ukrainian 120 55 65 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 15 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 125 65 60
Welsh 0 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,405 625 775 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 20 10 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 45 25 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 315 150 160 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 10 5 5 80 30 50
German 970 430 545 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 20 5 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 745 385 365 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 6,175 3,055 3,120 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 4,760 2,335 2,430 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 410 190 215 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 765 375 385 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 425 210 210 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 25 10 15 225 110 110
Marathi 35 15 20 535 280 255
Nepali 20 5 15 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 615 305 310 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 120 65 55 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,230 1,095 1,135 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,405 720 690 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 15 5 10 1,650 875 780
Pashto 150 80 75 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,240 630 610 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,555 1,765 1,790 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,430 750 680 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 580 285 295 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 460 210 240 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,085 515 570 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 55 25 35 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 205 95 105 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 180 85 95 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 15 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 40 15 20 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 40 20 25 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 10 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,565 690 875 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,550 685 865 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 705 330 380 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 40 20 20 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 690 295 395 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 25 25 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 0 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 5 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 15 5 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 50 20 30 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 495 275 225
Turkish 35 15 25 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 435 205 230 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 65 30 40 455 195 260
Finnish 85 45 40 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 285 135 155 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,835 1,415 1,420 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 320 140 180 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,375 1,210 1,160 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 80 30 50 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 65 35 35 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 112,085 54,635 57,450 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 106,425 51,910 54,515 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 97,500 47,650 49,850 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 97,035 47,440 49,595 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 465 210 250 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 8,930 4,260 4,670 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,925 4,260 4,665 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 520 245 275 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 10 5 10 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 10 5 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 505 245 270 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 25 10 10 535 250 290
Arabic 460 220 240 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 25 25 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 50 25 30 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 575 255 320 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 5 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 15 10 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 515 225 290 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 35 15 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,010 490 520 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 75 35 45 885 450 435
Tamil 905 445 465 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 10 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 5,470 2,620 2,850 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 35 15 20 530 255 270
Armenian 65 35 30 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 660 325 340 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 5 0 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 655 320 335 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 5 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 30 10 15 925 425 495
Croatian 20 10 5 1,795 840 955
Czech 30 15 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 175 80 90 120 60 60
Polish 240 125 115 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 105 40 60 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 20 10 5 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 20 10 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 15 5 10 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 115 40 75 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 25 10 15 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 75 30 50 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 190 90 100 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 3,270 1,575 1,695 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 2,490 1,185 1,305 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 210 100 110 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 385 190 200 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 170 85 90 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 5 0 40 15 15
Marathi 15 10 5 245 125 120
Nepali 10 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 285 135 150 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 25 15 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 595 290 305
Urdu 1,345 635 710 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 780 385 395 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 10 0 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 100 55 45 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 670 330 345 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,125 535 590 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 285 130 160 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 150 70 80 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 235 105 130 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 455 230 225 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 10
Japanese 10 5 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 95 50 50 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 45 20 25 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 5 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 15 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 5 10 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 15 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 930 445 480 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 925 445 480 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 395 195 195 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 15 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 490 235 255 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 35 10 20 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 20 10 15 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 10 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 110 60 55 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 15 10 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 90 50 40 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,660 2,725 2,940 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 255 105 140 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 5,275 2,560 2,715 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 30 10 15 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 100 45 60 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 112,085 54,635 57,450 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 98,260 48,190 50,070 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 4,430 2,170 2,265 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,180 450 730 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 8,040 3,745 4,290 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 8,035 3,745 4,290 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 35 15 20 965 435 530
English and non-official language 45 20 25 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 90 45 45 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 93,765 45,330 48,440 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,150 42,975 46,180 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,707 44,685 33,778 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,180 42,975 46,205 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,665 39,347 30,706 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,980 40,150 41,830 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,398 44,058 31,671 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 60,945 26,670 34,275 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,142 1,440 4,248 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,455 34,990 34,460 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,008 44,208 34,873 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 93,770 45,335 48,430 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,190 42,950 46,240 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,132 61,431 43,495 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,220 42,955 46,265 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,093 48,367 36,269 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,870 40,035 41,830 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,744 61,814 42,106 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 60,685 26,445 34,240 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,814 6,186 7,299 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,455 35,005 34,450 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,747 60,164 43,195 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 93,765 45,335 48,435 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 34,715 18,915 15,800 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,220 67,527 57,194 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,263 82,551 64,339 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.1 93.7 87.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.1 79.6 73.8 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.9 6.3 12.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 93,765 45,330 48,440 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,610 2,355 2,260 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 89,155 42,975 46,180 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.1 94.8 95.3 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,655 6,120 7,535 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 13,340 5,590 7,750 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,255 4,290 5,970 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,455 3,725 4,730 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 8,295 3,655 4,640 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,155 3,390 3,770 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 5,890 2,975 2,915 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,890 2,625 2,265 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,950 2,205 1,745 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,280 1,800 1,480 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 9,995 6,600 3,390 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,585 4,130 2,455 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,410 2,470 935 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 93,765 45,330 48,435 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,580 2,355 2,235 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 89,180 42,980 46,205 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 94.8 95.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,050 6,205 7,835 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 13,960 5,895 8,065 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,850 5,030 6,810 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,465 4,655 5,810 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,045 4,640 5,405 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 7,950 3,990 3,960 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 6,160 3,395 2,770 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,810 2,675 2,135 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,900 6,490 3,415 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,190 1,880 1,310 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,920 1,220 695 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,795 3,385 1,405 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 93,765 45,330 48,435 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 24,315 10,340 13,975 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 69,455 34,990 34,460 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.1 77.2 71.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,535 4,685 4,850 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,400 2,435 2,965 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,395 3,945 4,450 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,200 2,775 3,430 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,820 2,580 3,240 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,865 2,535 3,330 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,415 2,575 2,840 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,605 2,335 2,270 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,850 2,080 1,770 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 14,370 9,050 5,325 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,225 1,825 1,400 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,910 1,560 1,350 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 8,235 5,665 2,570 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 38,585 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,580 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 85,421 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,570 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,600 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,936 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,010 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,590 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,901 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 38,585 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 120,517 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,339 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,555 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 60,739 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,852 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,030 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 132,744 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,257 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 38,585 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 355 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 245 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 375 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 605 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 880 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 880 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,000 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,095 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,180 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,105 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,245 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,355 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,375 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,370 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,315 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,205 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,120 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,020 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,190 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,875 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 38,580 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 400 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 245 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 390 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 640 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 990 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 995 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,150 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,330 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,375 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,440 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,825 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,065 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,960 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,825 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,670 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,275 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,465 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,755 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,060 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,565 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,816 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,224 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,990 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,613 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,670 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,830 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,674 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,216 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,860 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,659 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,320 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,545 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,275 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,761 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,030 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 112,532 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,482 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,805 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 158,154 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,559 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,880 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,389 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,383 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 8,665 3,815 4,845 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,365 44,996 39,356 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,666 39,096 35,159 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 8,635 3,750 4,885 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 55,219 61,606 50,310 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,874 48,709 41,926 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 111,970 54,595 57,370 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 39,470 18,595 20,880 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 5,885 2,835 3,055 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 7,215 3,315 3,905 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 7,815 3,595 4,215 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 9,015 4,240 4,780 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,545 4,610 4,935 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 72,495 36,005 36,490 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 11,090 5,395 5,690 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 12,590 6,160 6,430 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 14,360 7,140 7,220 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 16,835 8,375 8,450 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 17,625 8,930 8,700 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 111,965 54,600 57,370 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 22,780 11,670 11,110 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 6,560 3,330 3,230 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 72,785 35,320 37,465 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,400 7,605 8,800 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,240 4,330 4,910 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,645 1,360 1,285 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 745 390 360 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 5,380 2,505 2,880 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,210 460 750 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.3 7.9 8.6 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 11.6 11.7 11.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.7 11.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.4 7.1 7.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 7.4 6.0 8.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,365 3,055 3,315 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,765 910 850 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 485 250 235 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 4,000 1,905 2,095 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 605 240 365 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.6 5.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.7 7.8 7.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 7.4 7.5 7.3 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.5 5.4 5.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 3.7 3.2 4.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 111,965 54,595 57,370 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 110,965 54,205 56,760 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 110,870 54,150 56,725 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 8,220 3,265 4,955 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 28,415 13,685 14,730 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,410 13,680 14,730 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,905 985 920 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 55 35 25 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 10 0 190 110 80
Somali 45 30 20 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,860 955 900 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 95 40 60 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,685 880 805 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 75 35 35 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 35 20 15 165 90 80
Tigrigna 20 10 15 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 85 150 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 235 90 150 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,250 855 1,400 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 35 20 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 65 25 40 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 80 35 45 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 85 40 40 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,130 790 1,330 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 315 150 165 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 180 90 90 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 50 70 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,100 1,045 1,055 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 15 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 190 95 90 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,850 925 925 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 75 35 45 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 19,025 9,420 9,605 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 45 25 20 1,135 580 555
Armenian 200 90 110 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,295 1,090 1,205 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 55 20 35 635 310 325
Latvian 50 25 30 310 175 140
Lithuanian 0 0 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,235 1,065 1,170 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 20 10 10 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 65 35 35 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 175 90 85 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 100 50 50 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 770 380 385 345 180 160
Polish 640 280 360 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 260 115 150 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 85 40 45 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 15 0 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 45 15 30 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 100 50 50 725 330 400
Ukrainian 145 75 70 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 30 25 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,945 925 1,020 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 95 40 50 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 55 20 35 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 485 245 240 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 15 10 10 120 55 65
German 1,300 635 665 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 0 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 60 15 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,220 615 605 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 8,670 4,410 4,260 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 7,050 3,635 3,420 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 425 190 230 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,345 705 640 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,030 1,070 960 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 10 45 25 20
Konkani 130 60 60 375 185 190
Marathi 85 45 40 1,275 650 625
Nepali 20 0 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,465 710 755 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 230 120 110 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 425 225 205 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,240 1,720 1,525 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,795 870 920 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 45 25 15 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 210 125 85 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,640 785 855 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,990 2,445 2,545 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,975 1,060 915 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 720 340 380 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 545 255 295 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,890 870 1,025 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 120 45 75 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 245 110 135 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 345 185 165 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 40 25 25 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 10 10 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 45 10 35
Ga 0 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 10 105 60 45
Igbo 15 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 30 15 15 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 10 265 125 140
Swahili 95 55 35 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 85 40 50 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 200 75 120 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 90 30 55 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 115 40 70 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,905 890 1,015 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,880 885 995 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,005 480 525 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 30 15 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 925 425 500 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 25 30 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 0 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 10 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 15 10 15 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 10 10 0 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 10 0 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 50 10 45 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 0 20 835 455 385
Turkish 25 0 25 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 485 240 240 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 80 20 55 495 205 295
Finnish 60 50 10 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 340 165 175 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 111,970 54,595 57,370 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 107,000 52,345 54,655 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 22,385 11,575 10,810 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 84,615 40,775 43,840 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,965 2,250 2,720 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 111,965 54,595 57,370 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 77,690 38,680 39,010 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 33,820 15,720 18,100 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 12,990 6,065 6,920 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 5,175 2,390 2,790 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 7,150 3,300 3,845 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 6,460 3,055 3,405 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,630 1,720 1,910 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,835 1,335 1,500 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,040 905 1,135 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 455 200 260 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 33,820 15,720 18,100 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,755 1,845 1,910 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 6,935 3,330 3,600 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 8,675 3,820 4,855 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 12,190 5,780 6,410 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,260 940 1,320 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 33,820 15,720 18,100 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 9,415 4,110 5,305 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 50 20 30 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 125 65 60 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 130 80 50 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,280 980 1,300 920 415 500
Haiti 65 35 25 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,790 1,180 1,610 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 105 35 70 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 115 60 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,530 680 850 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 785 340 445 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,450 635 815 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 9,305 4,400 4,905 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 15 40 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 90 40 45 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 65 15 45 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 720 360 360 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 535 260 270 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 210 90 120 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 210 100 110 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 810 450 370 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 300 140 155 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 450 205 245 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 405 190 220 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 445 190 255 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 105 35 70 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 65 45 25 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 75 35 45 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,785 1,755 2,025 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 980 475 510 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,795 915 880 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 300 170 135 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 80 40 40 1,665 835 825
Kenya 185 95 90 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 30 15 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 150 90 60 1,205 630 575
Somalia 45 25 20 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 270 135 130 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 725 335 390 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 13,145 6,225 6,925 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 765 385 380 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 300 140 155 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 755 335 415 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 390 170 215 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,725 1,380 1,340 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 305 145 155 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 210 95 115 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 45 10 35 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 200 100 100 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 290 155 130 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,920 945 975 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,255 865 1,390 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,600 780 820 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 115 60 55 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 85 25 60 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 185 75 105 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,020 550 470 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 160 70 85 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,040 905 1,140 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 440 205 235 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 15 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 10 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 10 0 15 15 0 10
Jamaica 125 65 60 160 115 45
Mexico 35 10 25 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 90 40 45 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 155 65 85 1,855 875 975
Europe 240 110 130 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 10 790 415 370
Germany 15 10 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 200 110 90
Romania 35