Census Profile, 2016 Census
Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Richmond Hill
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 110,177 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 108,658 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.4 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,991 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 40,214 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,760.0 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 39.92 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 110,175 53,035 57,145 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 14,910 7,780 7,130 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,185 2,150 2,035 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 5,070 2,640 2,435 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 5,650 2,990 2,660 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 75,455 36,210 39,250 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 6,825 3,595 3,230 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,080 3,680 3,400 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 7,085 3,575 3,505 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 6,350 3,115 3,235 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 6,220 2,845 3,370 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,510 3,355 4,150 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 8,715 3,965 4,750 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 9,230 4,405 4,825 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,830 4,110 4,720 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,620 3,560 4,060 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 19,810 9,045 10,760 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,980 3,310 3,675 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,490 2,060 2,425 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,510 1,630 1,875 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,560 1,175 1,385 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,265 870 1,400 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,520 650 875 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 575 170 405 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 155 50 105 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 15 0 10 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.7 12.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.5 68.3 68.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 18.0 17.1 18.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.6 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.8 41.6 43.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.5 43.0 45.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 40,210 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,455 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 12,500 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,255 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,330 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 4,960 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,550 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,360 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 40,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 8,970 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 11,600 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,010 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 7,360 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,270 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 109,560 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,265 45,255 50,015 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 55,880 27,690 28,190 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 52,635 26,070 26,560 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 3,245 1,620 1,625 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 39,385 17,565 21,825 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 26,780 14,025 12,755 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,225 840 1,385 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,435 1,815 3,625 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,945 890 4,060 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,245 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,870 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,700 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 7,645 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,035 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,245 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 27,065 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 25,440 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,620 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,180 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,275 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 905 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,065 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,595 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 16,470 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 7,190 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 7,315 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,965 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,180 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,270 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,505 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 405 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,540 5,810 8,725 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 40,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,390 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 8,890 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,495 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,865 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,965 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 8,975 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 995 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 109,615 52,855 56,755 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 94,505 46,580 47,925 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 55 15 35 1,110 530 580
English and French 7,555 3,225 4,330 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 7,505 3,030 4,470 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 109,615 52,860 56,755 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 99,875 48,865 51,015 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 785 315 465 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,530 675 855 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 7,425 3,005 4,420 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,550 655 895 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.2 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 109,615 52,855 56,760 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 105,545 50,910 54,630 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 38,990 19,530 19,460 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 38,315 19,250 19,065 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 675 280 400 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 66,550 31,385 35,170 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 0 5 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,550 31,380 35,170 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,170 1,075 1,095 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 35 10 20 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 30 10 25 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,130 1,065 1,065 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 5 0 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,660 810 850 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 20 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 5 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 395 225 175 1,770 960 805
Maltese 20 10 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 260 110 150 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 240 105 140 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,605 595 1,015 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 10 310 140 170
Cebuano 80 30 45 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 85 30 55 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 170 80 90 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,215 425 790 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 60 25 30 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 40 20 20 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 530 270 265 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 25 10 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 100 50 50 1,750 905 845
Tamil 360 180 185 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 40 20 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 29,495 14,185 15,305 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 110 55 55 1,090 560 530
Armenian 590 275 315 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 6,585 3,025 3,560 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 75 25 50 645 280 370
Latvian 30 5 25 320 145 175
Lithuanian 40 20 30 325 130 200
Slavic languages 6,510 3,000 3,510 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 30 10 15 60 30 30
Bosnian 20 10 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 75 30 40 1,725 805 915
Croatian 100 45 55 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 60 20 35 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 190 85 110 250 120 135
Polish 365 175 195 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 4,965 2,285 2,680 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 255 130 125 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 15 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 60 25 35 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 320 140 180 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 0 5 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 820 345 475 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 0 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 15 10 10 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 170 75 95 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 510 215 295 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 5 0 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 75 30 45 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,010 490 520 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 14,730 7,350 7,380 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,965 1,460 1,500 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 150 85 65 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 825 395 430 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 535 255 280 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 30 15 10 225 110 110
Marathi 45 20 25 535 280 255
Nepali 25 10 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 165 160 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 180 85 95 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 60 1,455 730 725
Urdu 750 380 370 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 11,755 5,885 5,865 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 115 60 55 1,650 875 780
Pashto 20 10 10 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 11,620 5,815 5,805 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,650 2,650 2,995 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 0 125 65 55
Italian 3,360 1,615 1,745 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 405 170 235 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 720 340 385 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,145 520 625 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 220 85 135 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 10 10 65 40 25
Georgian 15 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 2,515 1,185 1,325 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 5 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 130 65 60 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 10 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 5 0 5 150 70 85
Swahili 50 25 20 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 25 10 15 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 28,410 13,220 15,195 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 28,385 13,205 15,185 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 15,255 7,075 8,180 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 235 115 125 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 11,490 5,395 6,090 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 560 250 315 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 325 150 175 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 515 225 295 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 10 5 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 5 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 45 10 30 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 5 5 800 405 400
Thai 30 5 25 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 580 295 280 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 155 90 70 495 275 225
Turkish 395 190 205 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 480 235 240 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 30 10 15 455 195 260
Finnish 50 30 25 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 400 195 200 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,070 1,945 2,125 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 175 85 90 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 3,630 1,750 1,885 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 110 45 65 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 160 65 90 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 109,615 52,855 56,755 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 98,705 47,670 51,035 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 55,305 27,295 28,010 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 55,095 27,205 27,885 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 210 90 125 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 43,400 20,375 23,030 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,400 20,370 23,025 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,105 530 570 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 20 5 15 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 20 5 15 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,080 520 555 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 865 405 465 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 5 0 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 190 115 75 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 60 75 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 130 55 75 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 700 315 385 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 25 15 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 30 15 20 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 80 45 40 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 540 235 310 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 45 20 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 280 130 155 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 35 20 20 885 450 435
Tamil 205 95 110 1,935 965 965
Telugu 25 15 15 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 16,880 8,045 8,835 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 65 30 35 530 255 270
Armenian 315 145 180 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,040 1,865 2,175 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 30 15 15 160 75 90
Latvian 15 5 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 15 5 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,010 1,850 2,160 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 10 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 35 15 20 925 425 495
Croatian 30 10 15 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 70 30 40 120 60 60
Polish 115 55 65 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 3,440 1,585 1,850 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 135 75 65 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0 435 205 235
Slovak 10 0 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 130 60 70 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 80 30 45 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 10 5 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 65 25 40 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 415 190 225 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 9,935 4,870 5,065 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,355 650 705 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 75 40 40 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 420 190 230 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 190 85 105 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 10 10 5 245 125 120
Nepali 15 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 130 65 65 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 60 30 30 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 25 595 290 305
Urdu 395 200 200 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 8,570 4,215 4,355 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 50 25 20 1,025 515 505
Pashto 5 5 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 8,520 4,190 4,330 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,030 915 1,110 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 915 390 525 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 125 55 70 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 405 185 215 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 590 285 300 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 115 55 60 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 5 15 10 10
Korean 1,805 850 955 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 10 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 10 10 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 20 10 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,790 10,105 11,680 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 21,770 10,095 11,670 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 11,835 5,400 6,435 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 90 35 55 670 280 390
Mandarin 9,080 4,310 4,770 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 10 5 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 240 110 130 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 190 100 90 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 335 140 190 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 0 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 10 5 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 10 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 290 140 145 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 65 30 35 185 95 90
Turkish 205 100 110 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 195 100 95 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 175 90 85 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 10,910 5,190 5,720 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 155 70 80 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 10,485 5,010 5,475 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 35 15 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 240 90 145 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 109,615 52,855 56,755 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 75,980 36,750 39,225 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 16,560 8,025 8,530 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 635 270 365 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 15,845 7,515 8,320 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 15,840 7,515 8,325 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 105 50 60 965 435 530
English and non-official language 305 150 155 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 170 85 85 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 94,660 45,060 49,600 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,800 42,655 47,145 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,377 32,686 25,077 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,815 42,660 47,150 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,447 30,052 23,780 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,515 38,505 41,010 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,342 34,525 25,149 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,890 28,650 36,235 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,698 984 2,963 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,970 31,550 31,425 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,019 37,253 29,831 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 94,645 45,025 49,620 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,675 42,575 47,100 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,664 54,605 39,487 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,685 42,575 47,105 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,031 43,410 33,170 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,510 38,500 41,005 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,849 56,475 39,750 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,755 28,600 36,155 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,872 5,256 6,359 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,005 31,600 31,400 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,892 57,565 42,169 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 94,645 45,025 49,620 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,355 16,100 13,255 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 57,418 62,067 52,939 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 73,850 81,467 64,595 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.6 87.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.2 77.1 70.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.4 12.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 94,665 45,065 49,595 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,855 2,405 2,455 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 89,805 42,655 47,145 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.7 95.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,305 8,175 10,130 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 17,355 7,360 10,000 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,710 4,685 6,025 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,040 3,640 4,400 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,970 3,195 3,770 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,505 2,595 2,910 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,520 2,300 2,215 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,705 1,845 1,855 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,030 1,650 1,385 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,705 1,400 1,305 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 8,955 5,805 3,150 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 5,700 3,520 2,185 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,250 2,290 965 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 94,660 45,065 49,595 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,850 2,400 2,450 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 89,815 42,665 47,150 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.7 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,650 8,290 10,355 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 17,885 7,600 10,280 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 12,120 5,410 6,710 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,400 4,240 5,165 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,075 3,750 4,325 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,055 3,045 3,010 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,755 2,460 2,300 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,800 2,060 1,735 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,080 5,810 3,265 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,740 1,520 1,220 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,690 1,100 590 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,645 3,190 1,460 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 94,660 45,060 49,600 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 31,690 13,515 18,175 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 62,975 31,545 31,425 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 66.5 70.0 63.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,365 3,870 4,495 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,545 2,485 3,060 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 9,200 4,440 4,760 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,480 3,035 3,440 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,755 2,600 3,150 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,075 2,385 2,690 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,155 2,010 2,150 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,515 1,765 1,750 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,885 1,510 1,370 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 11,995 7,445 4,555 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,445 1,340 1,100 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,410 1,225 1,185 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 7,140 4,875 2,265 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 40,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,563 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,640 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 8,975 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,432 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,668 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,240 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,374 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,494 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 40,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,043 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,803 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,045 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,053 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,375 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,175 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,418 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,403 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 40,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,145 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 685 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,035 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,610 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,540 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,870 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,700 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,585 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,470 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,480 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,705 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,410 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,355 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,995 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,925 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,715 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,790 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,705 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,715 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,505 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 40,215 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,215 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 685 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,055 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,670 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,660 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,035 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,940 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,750 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,805 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,720 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,175 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,905 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,525 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,320 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,935 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,805 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,675 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,685 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,455 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,820 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,607 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,740 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,610 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,579 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,657 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,480 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,200 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,298 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,655 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,447 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,468 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,720 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,962 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,908 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,490 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,575 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,442 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,420 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,176 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,900 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,675 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,992 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,131 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,285 4,795 6,495 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,681 36,416 30,485 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,896 32,653 28,262 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 11,410 4,870 6,545 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,408 52,067 42,198 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,973 41,376 35,443 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 109,560 52,835 56,720 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 52,230 24,515 27,715 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 14,760 6,990 7,770 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 11,375 5,190 6,185 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 9,270 4,335 4,940 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 8,500 3,995 4,510 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 8,315 4,010 4,310 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 57,330 28,320 29,010 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 8,635 4,225 4,415 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 9,040 4,415 4,625 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 10,890 5,375 5,510 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 12,255 6,075 6,180 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 16,510 8,235 8,275 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 109,560 52,835 56,725 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 18,895 9,895 9,005 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 5,170 2,660 2,510 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 71,320 34,020 37,295 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 19,345 8,925 10,420 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,830 9,755 11,075 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,305 2,295 2,005 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,200 630 575 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 12,810 5,875 6,935 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,720 1,585 2,135 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.0 18.5 19.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.8 23.2 22.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 23.2 23.7 22.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 17.3 18.6 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 19.2 17.8 20.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 16,530 7,755 8,775 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 3,470 1,860 1,615 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 975 515 460 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 10,790 5,010 5,780 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,270 885 1,385 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 15.1 14.7 15.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.8 17.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 18.9 19.4 18.3 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.7 15.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.9 13.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 109,510 52,805 56,705 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 102,020 49,875 52,145 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 101,990 49,860 52,125 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 7,400 3,300 4,100 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 77,115 36,365 40,750 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 10 0 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 10 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 77,105 36,360 40,745 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,500 1,770 1,730 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 60 20 45 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 65 20 45 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,435 1,750 1,685 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,085 1,080 1,010 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 25 45 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,330 680 650 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 15 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 410 175 235 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 35 25 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 355 145 210 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,460 930 1,530 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 60 35 30 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 20 0 15 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 195 80 110 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 265 115 150 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,115 780 1,335 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 0 20 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 90 55 35 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 60 35 30 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 695 350 350 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 40 10 30 445 210 235
Malayalam 130 70 60 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 470 245 225 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 115 65 55 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 35,665 17,045 18,620 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 125 65 65 1,135 580 555
Armenian 620 295 325 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 7,515 3,520 3,995 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 135 70 65 635 310 325
Latvian 70 30 40 310 175 140
Lithuanian 65 40 25 325 135 185
Slavic languages 7,440 3,485 3,955 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 60 30 30 205 95 110
Bosnian 35 20 15 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 35 10 25 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 175 70 105 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 85 35 55 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 290 115 170 345 180 160
Polish 460 205 255 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 5,995 2,830 3,170 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 290 155 135 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 55 30 30 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 30 15 725 330 400
Ukrainian 675 330 345 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,535 725 815 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 75 30 40 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 35 20 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 210 85 125 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 1,050 515 535 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 50 35 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 50 25 25 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 115 40 70 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,390 630 760 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 17,760 8,680 9,080 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 4,405 2,155 2,245 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 230 130 100 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,455 685 770 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,705 855 850 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 60 35 20 375 185 190
Marathi 50 35 15 1,275 650 625
Nepali 35 20 15 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 670 325 345 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 325 160 175 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 110 120 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,495 740 760 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 13,440 6,570 6,870 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 200 120 85 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 25 15 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 13,370 6,535 6,840 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 7,675 3,635 4,040 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,395 2,125 2,270 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 535 230 300 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 895 410 485 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,120 1,020 1,105 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 490 220 275 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 30 10 20 90 50 40
Georgian 30 10 20 90 50 45
Korean 2,840 1,305 1,535 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 10 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 350 185 170 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 10 265 125 140
Swahili 205 115 90 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 55 25 35 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 45 15 35 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 45 10 30 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,950 15,050 16,895 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 31,910 15,035 16,870 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 18,455 8,700 9,760 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 300 135 160 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 16,710 7,745 8,965 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 685 300 380 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 390 190 200 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 700 355 350 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 55 20 40 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 20 10 15 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 30 10 20 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 75 25 50 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 20 15 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 60 10 45 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 960 460 495 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 235 105 135 835 455 385
Turkish 730 360 370 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 610 275 335 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 55 25 25 495 205 295
Finnish 55 20 35 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 500 230 270 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 109,510 52,810 56,700 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 93,650 45,370 48,285 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,015 8,770 8,250 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,635 36,600 40,030 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 15,860 7,440 8,420 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 109,505 52,805 56,700 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 41,470 20,910 20,565 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 65,785 30,985 34,795 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 12,805 6,045 6,765 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 9,085 4,230 4,855 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 17,585 8,320 9,260 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 17,605 8,250 9,350 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 9,425 4,415 5,005 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 8,180 3,835 4,345 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,705 4,145 4,560 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,250 910 1,340 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 65,785 30,985 34,800 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,965 2,540 2,430 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 10,120 5,420 4,700 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 12,435 5,605 6,825 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 28,805 13,015 15,790 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 9,455 4,405 5,050 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 65,785 30,990 34,800 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,600 1,645 1,955 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 55 20 40 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 140 70 70 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 60 10 45 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 345 160 185 920 415 500
Haiti 10 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 750 335 415 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 105 40 70 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 135 65 70 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 410 165 245 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 795 410 385 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 800 365 430 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 12,250 5,675 6,575 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 45 25 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 135 55 80 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 75 45 30 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 460 165 295 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 775 380 395 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 220 90 130 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 40 35 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,425 1,220 1,210 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 135 70 70 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 330 130 205 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 295 115 180 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 775 355 415 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 2,050 900 1,150 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 170 75 95 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,395 715 685 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,200 555 655 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,665 735 925 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,705 1,300 1,410 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 785 405 380 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10 0 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 265 105 160 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 95 45 55 730 385 340
Nigeria 85 40 45 1,205 630 575
Somalia 70 30 45 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 315 145 175 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,070 530 540 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 47,155 22,325 24,830 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 390 200 190 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 185 110 75 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 13,515 6,270 7,250 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 8,985 4,275 4,710 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,885 940 940 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 11,190 5,505 5,690 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 400 190 205 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 175 60 115 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,125 1,000 1,120 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 365 145 225 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 740 385 350 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,075 805 1,270 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 430 210 220 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 110 70 40 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 915 390 525 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 590 240 355 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 3,085 1,535 1,550 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 70 40 30 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,710 4,145 4,560 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 315 160 160 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 15 15 10 960 445 520
Colombia 10 0 10 465 220 240
Cuba 10 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 50 15 35 160 115 45
Mexico 20 10 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 145 80 70 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 65 35 30 1,855 875 975
Europe 550 240 305 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 15 15 200 110 90
Romania 25