Census Profile, 2016 Census
Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Richmond Hill
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 110,177 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 108,658 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.4 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,991 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 40,214 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,760.0 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 39.92 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 110,175 53,035 57,145 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 14,910 7,780 7,130 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 4,185 2,150 2,035 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,070 2,640 2,435 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,650 2,990 2,660 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 75,455 36,210 39,250 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,825 3,595 3,230 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 7,080 3,680 3,400 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 7,085 3,575 3,505 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 6,350 3,115 3,235 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 6,220 2,845 3,370 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,510 3,355 4,150 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 8,715 3,965 4,750 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 9,230 4,405 4,825 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,830 4,110 4,720 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 7,620 3,560 4,060 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 19,810 9,045 10,760 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 6,980 3,310 3,675 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,490 2,060 2,425 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,510 1,630 1,875 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,560 1,175 1,385 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 2,265 870 1,400 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,520 650 875 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 575 170 405 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 155 50 105 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 15 0 10 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.7 12.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.5 68.3 68.7 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 18.0 17.1 18.8 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.1 1.6 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.8 41.6 43.9 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 44.5 43.0 45.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 40,210 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,455 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 12,500 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,255 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,330 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 4,960 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,550 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,360 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 40,215 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 8,970 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 11,600 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 8,010 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 7,360 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,270 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 109,560 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,265 45,255 50,015 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 55,880 27,690 28,190 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 52,635 26,070 26,560 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 3,245 1,620 1,625 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 39,385 17,565 21,825 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 26,780 14,025 12,755 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,225 840 1,385 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 5,435 1,815 3,625 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 4,945 890 4,060 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,245 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 13,870 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 8,700 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 7,645 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,035 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,245 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 27,065 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 25,440 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,620 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,180 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,275 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 905 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,065 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 10,595 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 16,470 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 7,190 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 7,315 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 1,965 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,180 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,270 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,505 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 405 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,540 5,810 8,725 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 40,215 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,390 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 8,890 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,495 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,865 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,965 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 8,975 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 995 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 109,615 52,855 56,755 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 94,505 46,580 47,925 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 55 15 35 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 7,555 3,225 4,330 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 7,505 3,030 4,470 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 109,615 52,860 56,755 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 99,875 48,865 51,015 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 785 315 465 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,530 675 855 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 7,425 3,005 4,420 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,550 655 895 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.2 1.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 109,615 52,855 56,760 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 105,545 50,910 54,630 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 38,990 19,530 19,460 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 38,315 19,250 19,065 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 675 280 400 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 66,550 31,385 35,170 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 0 5 0 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 5 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,550 31,380 35,170 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,170 1,075 1,095 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 35 10 20 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 30 10 25 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,130 1,065 1,065 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 5 0 5 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,660 810 850 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 20 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 5 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 395 225 175 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 20 10 15 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 260 110 150 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 240 105 140 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,605 595 1,015 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 10 595 260 330
Cebuano 80 30 45 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 85 30 55 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 170 80 90 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 5 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,215 425 790 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 60 25 30 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 40 20 20 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 530 270 265 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 25 10 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 100 50 50 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 360 180 185 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 40 20 20 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 29,495 14,185 15,305 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 110 55 55 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 590 275 315 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 6,585 3,025 3,560 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 75 25 50 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 30 5 25 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 40 20 30 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 6,510 3,000 3,510 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 30 10 15 515 230 280
Bosnian 20 10 10 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 75 30 40 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 100 45 55 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 60 20 35 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 190 85 110 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 365 175 195 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 4,965 2,285 2,680 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 255 130 125 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 20 15 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 60 25 35 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 20 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 320 140 180 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 0 5 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 820 345 475 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 5 0 5 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 15 10 10 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 170 75 95 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 510 215 295 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 5 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 5 0 940 405 540
Swedish 15 5 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 75 30 45 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,010 490 520 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 14,730 7,350 7,380 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,965 1,460 1,500 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 150 85 65 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 825 395 430 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 535 255 280 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 30 15 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 45 20 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 25 10 10 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 165 160 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 180 85 95 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 60 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 750 380 370 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 11,755 5,885 5,865 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 115 60 55 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 20 10 10 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 11,620 5,815 5,805 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 5,650 2,650 2,995 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 3,360 1,615 1,745 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 405 170 235 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 720 340 385 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,145 520 625 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 420 200 215
Japanese 220 85 135 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 10 10 10 1,200 635 565
Georgian 15 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,515 1,185 1,325 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 5 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 130 65 60 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 5 760 360 400
Igbo 10 5 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 5 0 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 50 25 20 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 25 10 15 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 15 10 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 28,410 13,220 15,195 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 28,385 13,205 15,185 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 15,255 7,075 8,180 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 235 115 125 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 11,490 5,395 6,090 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 560 250 315 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 325 150 175 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 515 225 295 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 10 5 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 15 5 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 45 10 30 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 10 5 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 30 5 25 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 580 295 280 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 155 90 70 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 395 190 205 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 5 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 480 235 240 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 10 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 50 30 25 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 400 195 200 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 4,070 1,945 2,125 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 175 85 90 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 3,630 1,750 1,885 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 110 45 65 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 160 65 90 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 109,615 52,855 56,755 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 98,705 47,670 51,035 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 55,305 27,295 28,010 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 55,095 27,205 27,885 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 210 90 125 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 43,400 20,375 23,030 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,400 20,370 23,025 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,105 530 570 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 20 5 15 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 20 5 15 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,080 520 555 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 865 405 465 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 0 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 190 115 75 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 60 75 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 130 55 75 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 700 315 385 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 25 15 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 910 385 530
Ilocano 30 15 20 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 80 45 40 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 540 235 310 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 45 20 20 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 280 130 155 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 35 20 20 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 205 95 110 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 25 15 15 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 16,880 8,045 8,835 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 65 30 35 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 315 145 180 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 4,040 1,865 2,175 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 30 15 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 15 5 10 860 350 515
Lithuanian 15 5 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 4,010 1,850 2,160 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 10 5 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 35 15 20 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 30 10 15 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 10 5 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 70 30 40 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 115 55 65 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 3,440 1,585 1,850 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 135 75 65 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 0 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 130 60 70 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 80 30 45 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 10 5 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 65 25 40 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 5 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 415 190 225 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 9,935 4,870 5,065 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,355 650 705 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 75 40 40 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 420 190 230 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 190 85 105 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 10 10 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 15 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 130 65 65 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 60 30 30 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 25 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 395 200 200 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 8,570 4,215 4,355 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 50 25 20 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 5 5 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 8,520 4,190 4,330 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,030 915 1,110 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 5 5 135 60 75
Italian 915 390 525 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 125 55 70 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 405 185 215 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 590 285 300 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 115 55 60 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 5 775 420 355
Korean 1,805 850 955 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 10 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 5 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 10 10 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 20 10 10 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,790 10,105 11,680 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 21,770 10,095 11,670 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 11,835 5,400 6,435 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 90 35 55 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 9,080 4,310 4,770 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 10 5 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 240 110 130 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 190 100 90 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 335 140 190 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 10 5 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 5 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 10 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 290 140 145 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 65 30 35 770 385 380
Turkish 205 100 110 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 5 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 195 100 95 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 175 90 85 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 10,910 5,190 5,720 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 155 70 80 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 10,485 5,010 5,475 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 35 15 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 240 90 145 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 109,615 52,855 56,755 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 75,980 36,750 39,225 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 16,560 8,025 8,530 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 635 270 365 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 15,845 7,515 8,320 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 0 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 15,840 7,515 8,325 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 105 50 60 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 305 150 155 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 170 85 85 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 94,660 45,060 49,600 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,800 42,655 47,145 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,377 32,686 25,077 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,815 42,660 47,150 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,447 30,052 23,780 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,515 38,505 41,010 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,342 34,525 25,149 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,890 28,650 36,235 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,698 984 2,963 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,970 31,550 31,425 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,019 37,253 29,831 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 94,645 45,025 49,620 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,675 42,575 47,100 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,664 54,605 39,487 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,685 42,575 47,105 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,031 43,410 33,170 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,510 38,500 41,005 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,849 56,475 39,750 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,755 28,600 36,155 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,872 5,256 6,359 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,005 31,600 31,400 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,892 57,565 42,169 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 94,645 45,025 49,620 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,355 16,100 13,255 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 57,418 62,067 52,939 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 73,850 81,467 64,595 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.6 87.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.2 77.1 70.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.4 12.6 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 94,665 45,065 49,595 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 4,855 2,405 2,455 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 89,805 42,655 47,145 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.7 95.1 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,305 8,175 10,130 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 17,355 7,360 10,000 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 10,710 4,685 6,025 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,040 3,640 4,400 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 6,970 3,195 3,770 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,505 2,595 2,910 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,520 2,300 2,215 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,705 1,845 1,855 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,030 1,650 1,385 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,705 1,400 1,305 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 8,955 5,805 3,150 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 5,700 3,520 2,185 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 3,250 2,290 965 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 94,660 45,065 49,595 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 4,850 2,400 2,450 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 89,815 42,665 47,150 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.7 95.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,650 8,290 10,355 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 17,885 7,600 10,280 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 12,120 5,410 6,710 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 9,400 4,240 5,165 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 8,075 3,750 4,325 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 6,055 3,045 3,010 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 4,755 2,460 2,300 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,800 2,060 1,735 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 9,080 5,810 3,265 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,740 1,520 1,220 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,690 1,100 590 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,645 3,190 1,460 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 94,660 45,060 49,600 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 31,690 13,515 18,175 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 62,975 31,545 31,425 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 66.5 70.0 63.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,365 3,870 4,495 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,545 2,485 3,060 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,200 4,440 4,760 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,480 3,035 3,440 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,755 2,600 3,150 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,075 2,385 2,690 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,155 2,010 2,150 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,515 1,765 1,750 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,885 1,510 1,370 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 11,995 7,445 4,555 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,445 1,340 1,100 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,410 1,225 1,185 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 7,140 4,875 2,265 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 40,215 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,563 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,640 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 8,975 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,432 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,668 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,240 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,374 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,494 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 40,220 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,043 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,803 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,045 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,053 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,375 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,175 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,418 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,403 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 40,215 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,145 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 685 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,035 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,610 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,540 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,870 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,700 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,585 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,470 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,480 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,705 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,410 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,355 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,995 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,925 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,715 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,790 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,705 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,715 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,505 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 40,215 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,215 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 685 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,055 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,670 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,660 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,035 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,940 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,750 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,805 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,720 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,175 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,905 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,525 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,320 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,935 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,805 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,675 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,685 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,455 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,820 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,607 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,740 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,610 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,579 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,657 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,480 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,200 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,298 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,655 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,447 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,468 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,720 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,962 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,908 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,490 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,575 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,442 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,420 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,176 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,900 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,675 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,992 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,131 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,285 4,795 6,495 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,681 36,416 30,485 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,896 32,653 28,262 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 11,410 4,870 6,545 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,408 52,067 42,198 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,973 41,376 35,443 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 109,560 52,835 56,720 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 52,230 24,515 27,715 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 14,760 6,990 7,770 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 11,375 5,190 6,185 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 9,270 4,335 4,940 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 8,500 3,995 4,510 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 8,315 4,010 4,310 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 57,330 28,320 29,010 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 8,635 4,225 4,415 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 9,040 4,415 4,625 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 10,890 5,375 5,510 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 12,255 6,075 6,180 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 16,510 8,235 8,275 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 109,560 52,835 56,725 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 18,895 9,895 9,005 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 5,170 2,660 2,510 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 71,320 34,020 37,295 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 19,345 8,925 10,420 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,830 9,755 11,075 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 4,305 2,295 2,005 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,200 630 575 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 12,810 5,875 6,935 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 3,720 1,585 2,135 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.0 18.5 19.5 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 22.8 23.2 22.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 23.2 23.7 22.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 17.3 18.6 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 19.2 17.8 20.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 16,530 7,755 8,775 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 3,470 1,860 1,615 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 975 515 460 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 10,790 5,010 5,780 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 2,270 885 1,385 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 15.1 14.7 15.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.8 17.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.9 19.4 18.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.7 15.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.9 13.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 109,510 52,805 56,705 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 102,020 49,875 52,145 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 101,990 49,860 52,125 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 7,400 3,300 4,100 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 77,115 36,365 40,750 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 10 0 0 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 10 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 77,105 36,360 40,745 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,500 1,770 1,730 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 60 20 45 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 65 20 45 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,435 1,750 1,685 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 0 0 0 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 2,085 1,080 1,010 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 25 45 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,330 680 650 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 15 0 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 410 175 235 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 35 25 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 355 145 210 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,460 930 1,530 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 60 35 30 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 20 0 15 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 195 80 110 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 265 115 150 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,115 780 1,335 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 0 20 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 90 55 35 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 60 35 30 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 695 350 350 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 40 10 30 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 130 70 60 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 470 245 225 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 115 65 55 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 35,665 17,045 18,620 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 125 65 65 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 620 295 325 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 7,515 3,520 3,995 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 135 70 65 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 70 30 40 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 65 40 25 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 7,440 3,485 3,955 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 60 30 30 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 35 20 15 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 35 10 25 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 175 70 105 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 85 35 55 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 290 115 170 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 460 205 255 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 5,995 2,830 3,170 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 290 155 135 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 15 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 55 30 30 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 30 15 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 675 330 345 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 0 0 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,535 725 815 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 75 30 40 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 35 20 20 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 210 85 125 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,050 515 535 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 50 35 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 50 25 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 115 40 70 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,390 630 760 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 17,760 8,680 9,080 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 4,405 2,155 2,245 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 230 130 100 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,455 685 770 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,705 855 850 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 60 35 20 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 50 35 15 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 35 20 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 670 325 345 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 325 160 175 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 110 120 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,495 740 760 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 13,440 6,570 6,870 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 200 120 85 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 25 15 10 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 13,370 6,535 6,840 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 7,675 3,635 4,040 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 4,395 2,125 2,270 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 535 230 300 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 895 410 485 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,120 1,020 1,105 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 490 220 275 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 30 10 20 1,555 775 780
Georgian 30 10 20 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,840 1,305 1,535 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 10 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 350 185 170 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 10 10 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 10 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 205 115 90 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 55 25 35 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 45 15 35 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 45 10 30 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,950 15,050 16,895 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 31,910 15,035 16,870 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 18,455 8,700 9,760 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 300 135 160 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 16,710 7,745 8,965 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 15 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 685 300 380 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 390 190 200 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 700 355 350 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 55 20 40 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 20 10 15 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 30 10 20 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 75 25 50 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 20 15 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 60 10 45 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 960 460 495 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 235 105 135 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 730 360 370 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 610 275 335 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 55 25 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 55 20 35 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 500 230 270 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 109,510 52,810 56,700 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 93,650 45,370 48,285 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,015 8,770 8,250 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,635 36,600 40,030 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 15,860 7,440 8,420 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 109,505 52,805 56,700 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 41,470 20,910 20,565 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 65,785 30,985 34,795 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 12,805 6,045 6,765 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 9,085 4,230 4,855 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 17,585 8,320 9,260 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 17,605 8,250 9,350 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 9,425 4,415 5,005 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 8,180 3,835 4,345 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,705 4,145 4,560 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,250 910 1,340 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 65,785 30,985 34,800 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,965 2,540 2,430 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 10,120 5,420 4,700 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 12,435 5,605 6,825 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 28,805 13,015 15,790 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 9,455 4,405 5,050 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 65,785 30,990 34,800 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 3,600 1,645 1,955 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 55 20 40 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 140 70 70 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 60 10 45 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 345 160 185 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 10 10 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 750 335 415 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 105 40 70 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 135 65 70 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 410 165 245 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 795 410 385 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 800 365 430 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 12,250 5,675 6,575 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 45 25 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 135 55 80 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 75 45 30 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 460 165 295 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 775 380 395 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 220 90 130 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 40 35 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,425 1,220 1,210 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 135 70 70 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 330 130 205 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 295 115 180 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 775 355 415 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 2,050 900 1,150 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 170 75 95 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 1,395 715 685 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,200 555 655 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,665 735 925 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 2,705 1,300 1,410 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 785 405 380 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 10 0 10 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 265 105 160 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 95 45 55 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 85 40 45 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 70 30 45 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 315 145 175 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,070 530 540 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 47,155 22,325 24,830 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 390 200 190 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 185 110 75 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 13,515 6,270 7,250 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 8,985 4,275 4,710 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,885 940 940 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 11,190 5,505 5,690 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 400 190 205 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 175 60 115 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,125 1,000 1,120 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 365 145 225 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 740 385 350 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,075 805 1,270 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 430 210 220 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 110 70 40 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 915 390 525 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 590 240 355 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 3,085 1,535 1,550 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 70 40 30 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,710 4,145 4,560 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 315 160 160 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 15 15 10 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 10 0 10 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 0 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 50 15 35 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 20 10 10 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 145 80 70 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 65 35 30 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 550 240 305 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 0 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 15 15 880 400 480
Romania 25