Census Profile, 2016 Census
Carleton [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Carleton
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Carleton [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Carleton [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 102,918 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 89,522 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 15.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 36,478 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,684 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 87.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,177.85 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 102,915 50,870 52,055 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 21,150 10,815 10,330 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,130 3,130 3,005 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 7,575 3,870 3,705 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 7,440 3,815 3,625 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 68,230 33,555 34,670 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,940 3,505 3,435 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 5,560 2,875 2,685 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 4,520 2,155 2,355 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,600 2,655 2,950 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,820 3,180 3,640 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 8,210 3,935 4,275 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 8,495 4,220 4,280 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 9,125 4,585 4,545 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,330 3,650 3,685 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 5,625 2,805 2,820 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 13,540 6,495 7,045 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 4,960 2,460 2,500 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,480 1,720 1,760 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,290 1,105 1,180 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,430 690 735 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,385 515 875 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 825 335 495 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 435 155 275 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 115 30 90 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 10 0 15 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.6 21.3 19.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.3 66.0 66.6 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 13.2 12.8 13.5 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.3 1.0 1.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 38.7 38.3 39.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.6 40.3 40.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,685 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 27,725 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,570 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,600 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 4,870 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 165 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 890 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 45 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 385 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,680 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 5,250 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 12,035 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,510 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 7,955 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,935 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 102,000 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 81,770 40,050 41,715 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 55,415 27,635 27,780 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 48,790 24,340 24,455 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 6,620 3,295 3,320 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 26,355 12,415 13,940 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 18,385 9,755 8,635 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,750 785 965 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 3,110 1,210 1,900 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,120 670 2,445 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,485 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 12,925 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,530 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 7,910 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,120 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,480 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 27,340 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 24,035 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,310 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,140 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,305 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 835 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,345 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 11,210 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 16,130 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,435 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 7,650 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 3,045 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,140 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 1,710 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,095 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 335 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 8,435 3,845 4,595 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,685 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,085 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,565 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,520 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 685 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,915 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 5,250 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 670 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 102,325 50,665 51,660 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 69,270 35,600 33,665 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 325 135 190 1,810 820 985
English and French 32,035 14,630 17,410 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 700 305 395 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 102,330 50,665 51,665 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 91,960 45,825 46,135 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 8,330 3,920 4,410 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,365 635 735 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 675 285 390 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 9,010 4,235 4,775 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 8.8 8.4 9.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 102,330 50,665 51,665 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 99,730 49,435 50,290 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 85,720 42,670 43,045 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 77,680 38,875 38,800 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 8,040 3,795 4,245 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 14,015 6,765 7,245 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 10 5 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 5 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,985 6,755 7,235 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,825 1,485 1,340 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 20 10 10 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 175 80 95 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 170 80 95 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,620 1,390 1,235 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 75 35 45 1,370 670 700
Arabic 2,450 1,305 1,140 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 20 10 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 60 30 35 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 490 215 270 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 100 35 60 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 390 175 210 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 315 100 215 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 25 10 20 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 20 10 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 10 5 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 245 75 170 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 90 35 50 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 290 140 150 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 15 10 10 280 150 135
Malayalam 45 20 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 185 90 95 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 40 20 20 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 7,330 3,560 3,770 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 75 40 40 1,465 765 705
Armenian 55 30 30 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,760 820 945 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 40 25 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 20 10 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 20 10 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,725 795 925 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 55 25 30 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 55 25 25 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 100 50 55 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 65 30 35 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 5 0 5 325 160 165
Polish 570 255 310 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 445 195 250 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 140 70 65 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20 1,395 670 725
Slovak 60 30 35 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 20 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 135 70 65 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 10 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,160 570 595 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 20 10 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 40 20 25 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 420 205 215 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 5 295 145 145
German 625 305 315 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 20 5 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 25 15 10 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 215 110 105 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,675 835 840 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,165 580 585 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 155 75 80 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 125 60 65 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 170 80 85 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 15 10 10 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 355 175 175 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 20 10 10 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 1,675 845 830
Urdu 265 140 125 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 515 255 255 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 30 15 15 1,765 945 825
Pashto 45 20 30 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 430 220 210 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,365 1,155 1,210 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 1,005 515 490 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 340 155 180 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 210 100 105 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 810 385 425 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 60 20 40 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 115 45 65 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 200 90 115 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 10 5 10 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 10 5 0 245 145 105
Lingala 10 5 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 155 70 80
Shona 5 0 5 215 100 115
Swahili 35 20 25 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 15 5 10 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 10 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,925 900 1,020 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,910 890 1,015 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 645 320 320 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 5 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,145 520 625 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 25 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 10 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 10 20 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 5 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 60 20 40 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 35 15 25 1,100 550 550
Thai 25 10 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 70 35 40 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 65 30 35 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 195 100 90 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 10 5 705 295 410
Finnish 30 20 20 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 145 75 65 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 2,600 1,230 1,365 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,120 510 615 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,140 565 580 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 135 60 75 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 210 105 100 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 102,325 50,670 51,660 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 98,515 48,855 49,660 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 92,625 46,020 46,600 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 88,850 44,290 44,560 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,775 1,730 2,045 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 5,890 2,835 3,055 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,890 2,835 3,055 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,390 685 705 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 10 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 70 30 40 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 75 30 45 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,305 655 655 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 35 15 25 600 275 320
Arabic 1,245 630 620 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 15 5 10 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 100 140 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 20 15 800 375 420
Vietnamese 200 85 120 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 100 40 60 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 30 55 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 30 15 20 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 15 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 130 70 65 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 5 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 25 10 10 1,225 615 605
Tamil 90 45 45 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 15 10 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 2,565 1,235 1,330 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 40 15 20 695 335 360
Armenian 25 10 15 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 725 350 375 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 5 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 715 350 370 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 5 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 35 15 20 595 300 300
Bulgarian 30 10 15 1,035 485 550
Croatian 35 15 20 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 5 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 195 90 105 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 265 125 135 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 85 50 35 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 45 20 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 120 60 55 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 0 305 145 160
Dutch 30 15 15 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 75 35 35 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 30 15 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 880 420 460 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 605 295 315 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 65 30 30 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 60 30 35 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 85 40 40 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 10 5 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 220 105 110 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 0 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 10 675 330 340
Urdu 150 75 75 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 270 125 145 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 25 15 15 1,080 540 535
Pashto 35 10 20 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 215 100 110 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 745 360 385 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 165 70 90 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 115 55 60 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 85 40 50 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 390 200 190 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 20 10 15 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 60 30 30 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 20 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 5 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 10 5 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 30 20 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,190 565 620 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,180 570 615 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 300 145 155 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 825 400 425 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 10 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 1,380 595 785
Lao 15 5 10 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 45 20 20 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 45 25 20 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 40 20 15 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 35 20 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 3,815 1,810 2,005 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 850 375 475 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 2,595 1,260 1,340 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 85 40 45 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 285 140 150 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 102,330 50,665 51,660 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 85,530 42,800 42,730 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 5,030 2,400 2,630 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 6,055 2,785 3,275 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 5,100 2,405 2,695 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 20 10 15 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 5,080 2,400 2,685 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 175 80 100 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 120 55 65 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 315 140 170 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 80,875 39,740 41,140 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,415 38,070 39,345 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,253 61,483 42,870 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,450 38,075 39,375 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,105 51,994 37,584 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,505 36,625 36,880 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,454 59,930 40,448 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 50,035 21,700 28,335 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,916 1,316 3,721 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,045 31,640 30,400 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,816 59,613 41,922 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 80,770 39,735 41,035 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,305 38,150 39,155 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,030 73,184 51,165 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,360 38,145 39,210 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,801 57,597 42,216 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,425 36,725 36,705 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,965 72,473 49,449 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 50,310 22,080 28,225 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,336 5,892 6,683 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,960 31,655 30,305 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,470 69,598 48,893 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 80,765 39,735 41,035 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 34,205 19,130 15,070 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 72,837 80,350 65,314 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,503 90,621 69,930 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.4 95.4 90.6 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.6 78.5 74.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.6 4.6 9.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 80,875 39,740 41,140 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,465 1,670 1,795 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 77,415 38,070 39,345 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.8 95.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,585 4,020 5,565 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 8,800 3,450 5,355 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 6,835 2,765 4,070 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 6,220 2,585 3,630 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 6,435 2,805 3,630 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,335 2,910 3,425 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 6,070 3,025 3,045 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 5,155 2,685 2,465 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 4,600 2,440 2,160 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 4,305 2,305 2,005 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 13,060 9,075 3,985 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 9,140 6,070 3,070 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 3,925 3,005 915 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 80,880 39,735 41,140 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,425 1,665 1,760 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 77,450 38,075 39,380 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.8 95.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,105 4,125 5,980 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 9,220 3,660 5,565 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 7,935 3,205 4,725 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 7,905 3,375 4,525 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,325 3,795 4,525 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,990 3,965 4,020 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 6,805 3,670 3,135 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 6,070 3,280 2,785 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 13,100 8,990 4,110 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 4,435 2,700 1,735 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 2,780 1,895 890 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 5,880 4,400 1,480 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 80,875 39,735 41,140 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 18,835 8,095 10,735 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 62,040 31,640 30,400 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 76.7 79.6 73.9 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,315 3,580 3,735 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,180 1,845 2,335 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 6,255 2,685 3,570 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 4,625 2,015 2,610 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 4,310 1,885 2,425 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,430 1,865 2,560 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,595 2,040 2,550 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,475 2,205 2,270 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,815 1,965 1,850 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 18,040 11,545 6,490 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 3,820 1,980 1,840 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 3,700 2,010 1,695 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 10,515 7,555 2,960 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,685 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 117,649 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 98,091 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,250 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,225 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,397 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,435 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 129,890 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,837 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,650 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 134,517 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 108,070 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,230 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 65,437 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,494 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,415 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 146,396 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,627 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,685 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 220 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 140 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 225 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 355 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 495 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 505 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 565 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 635 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 735 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 745 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,690 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,850 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,965 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,065 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,145 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 21,345 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,875 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,390 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,250 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,830 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,685 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 260 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 145 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 235 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 400 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 525 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 610 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 680 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 840 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 950 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,060 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,230 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,435 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,630 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,715 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,610 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,360 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,775 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,475 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,110 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,990 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 129,817 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,726 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,320 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,602 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,594 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,205 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,484 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,007 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,880 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,384 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,461 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,945 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 146,523 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 117,605 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,230 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 127,761 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,368 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,295 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 168,733 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,806 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,850 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 88,991 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,765 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,895 3,250 3,645 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 51,656 55,316 48,525 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 43,854 46,944 41,850 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 6,825 3,210 3,615 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 59,672 62,411 57,237 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,427 49,717 47,279 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 102,000 50,545 51,455 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 24,975 12,105 12,870 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 3,505 1,755 1,750 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 4,070 1,950 2,125 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 4,340 2,065 2,275 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 5,735 2,770 2,965 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 7,315 3,570 3,750 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 77,025 38,435 38,590 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,105 4,500 4,605 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 11,445 5,670 5,780 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 15,405 7,645 7,760 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 19,975 9,990 9,990 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 21,090 10,635 10,455 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 102,000 50,540 51,455 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 25,385 12,940 12,445 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 7,615 3,865 3,750 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 63,835 31,345 32,490 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 12,775 6,255 6,525 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 5,220 2,590 2,630 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 1,455 790 660 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 455 245 210 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 3,140 1,540 1,600 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 630 260 365 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 5.1 5.1 5.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 5.7 6.1 5.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 6.0 6.3 5.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 4.9 4.9 4.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 4.9 4.2 5.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,940 1,470 1,470 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 780 405 375 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 225 120 105 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 1,975 985 990 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 185 80 105 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 2.9 2.9 2.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 3.1 3.1 3.0 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 3.0 3.1 2.8 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 3.1 3.1 3.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.3 1.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 101,925 50,535 51,395 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 101,250 50,205 51,045 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 100,940 50,080 50,860 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 32,400 14,705 17,695 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 19,020 9,105 9,910 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 30 25 0 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 20 20 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 10 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 10 0 30 20 10
Malecite 10 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 10 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,995 9,085 9,905 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,940 2,000 1,940 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 180 90 90 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 180 90 90 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,755 1,905 1,850 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 100 35 65 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 3,395 1,755 1,640 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 125 65 60 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 20 0 15 315 155 155
Tigrigna 130 50 85 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 520 245 275 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 45 60 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 420 200 225 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 335 90 240 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 40 10 30 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 10 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 35 15 25 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 80 215 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 265 110 150 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 30 10 20 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 215 90 125 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 325 145 180 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 55 25 35 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 230 105 125 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 40 20 20 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 10,695 5,100 5,595 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 110 60 50 1,640 840 795
Armenian 55 15 40 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,445 1,120 1,325 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 45 30 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 25 20 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 20 10 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,420 1,095 1,320 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 15 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 125 45 80 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 75 30 45 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 165 100 70 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 90 25 65 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 0 10 400 220 185
Polish 655 290 365 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 780 365 415 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 250 125 125 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 55 35 15 1,525 770 750
Slovak 135 45 95 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 20 20 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 220 110 110 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 55 35 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 660 395 265
Welsh 25 15 15 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,735 895 840 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 45 20 25 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 60 15 45 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 405 200 205 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 15 10 0 465 230 240
German 1,135 620 515 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 60 25 30 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 65 35 30 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 15 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 375 190 185 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 2,425 1,165 1,255 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 1,770 870 900 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 170 70 95 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 275 150 130 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 600 285 315 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 20 10 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 20 0 15 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 560 270 290 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 35 20 15 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 35 55 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 555 260 290 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 680 310 375 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 10 0 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 70 40 35 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 655 290 365 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 3,890 1,815 2,075 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,405 700 705 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 520 230 290 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 195 105 90 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,005 895 1,110 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 170 65 100 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 120 30 90 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 425 200 230 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 40 20 20 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 20 10 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 50 25 25 150 95 50
Ganda 20 10 10 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 40 15 30 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 15 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 15 290 125 165
Shona 25 10 15 415 220 195
Swahili 150 75 80 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 45 15 30 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 215 100 115 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 95 50 45 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 115 45 65 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,135 1,090 1,050 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 2,130 1,080 1,050 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 860 460 405 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,400 695 705 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 30 50 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 20 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 25 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 10 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 60 20 40 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 40 15 25 1,630 735 890
Thai 20 10 15 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 105 45 60 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 10 945 510 435
Turkish 95 40 55 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 300 175 130 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 40 15 25 780 350 425
Finnish 75 40 40 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 190 115 70 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 101,925 50,535 51,395 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 98,890 49,100 49,785 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,055 12,705 12,350 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,835 36,400 37,440 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,040 1,435 1,605 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 101,930 50,535 51,395 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 85,980 42,905 43,075 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,615 7,470 8,145 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 4,805 2,380 2,430 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,390 1,210 1,180 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 3,680 1,705 1,975 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 3,315 1,450 1,865 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 1,660 740 925 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,655 710 945 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,425 730 695 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 330 155 175 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,620 7,470 8,145 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,100 1,110 990 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,975 1,385 1,590 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 3,500 1,590 1,910 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 6,050 2,890 3,155 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 995 495 500 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,620 7,470 8,145 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,990 850 1,145 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 75 20 50 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 70 30 40 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 30 25 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 45 15 30 1,305 600 710
Haiti 170 70 100 570 250 315
Jamaica 125 50 85 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 140 50 85 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 50 10 40 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 80 25 55 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 810 340 470 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 395 215 185 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 5,940 2,905 3,035 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 155 80 70 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 115 55 60 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 100 50 50 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 435 215 225 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 80 40 45 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 85 45 35 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 45 35 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 380 220 165 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 330 170 160 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 440 200 240 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 165 85 80 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 195 120 75 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 225 90 135 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 105 55 55 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 160 80 85 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,160 1,065 1,095 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 735 290 440 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,390 660 720 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 25 15 10 485 310 175
Egypt 185 95 95 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 105 40 60 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 110 55 60 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 40 10 25 985 535 455
Nigeria 85 35 50 1,740 925 815
Somalia 115 45 70 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 85 40 40 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 635 320 320 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 6,240 3,030 3,210 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 130 55 70 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 105 55 50 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,075 485 585 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 275 170 110 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 785 395 390 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 370 180 190 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 175 100 75 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 70 25 40 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 125 35 85 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 820 465 360 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 205 115 95 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 290 85 205 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 165 65 95 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 80 40 45 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 115 45 70 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 375 165 205 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,085 545 540 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 60 30 35 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,425 730 695 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 260 135 125 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 15 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 10 0 580 250 325
Cuba 15 10 10 140 60 80
Haiti 25 15 10 35 35 10
Jamaica 10 0 10 625 355 265
Mexico 25 15 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 125 75 55 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 15 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 20 10 10 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 230 125 100 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 15 10 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 0 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 20 15 10 690 310 380
Russian Federation 10 10 0