Census Profile, 2016 Census
St. Catharines [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic St. Catharines
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , St. Catharines [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : St. Catharines [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 111,691 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 110,596 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 51,200 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,785 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,030.4 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 55.01 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 111,690 53,030 58,660 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 15,340 7,815 7,530 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,000 2,560 2,440 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,240 2,665 2,580 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,105 2,590 2,515 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 71,040 34,280 36,755 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 5,980 3,065 2,915 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 7,645 3,735 3,910 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 7,455 3,700 3,755 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 6,610 3,240 3,365 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 5,965 2,855 3,110 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,220 2,995 3,230 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 6,830 3,285 3,550 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,355 3,945 4,410 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,255 3,900 4,355 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 7,720 3,560 4,160 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 25,310 10,935 14,375 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 7,530 3,505 4,025 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 5,715 2,645 3,075 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 4,405 1,965 2,445 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,525 1,415 2,110 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 4,135 1,410 2,730 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,570 985 1,590 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,265 365 900 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 270 60 210 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 25 5 25 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.7 14.7 12.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 63.6 64.6 62.7 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 22.7 20.6 24.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.7 2.7 4.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 44.3 42.8 45.6 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 45.5 43.6 47.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 48,785 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,625 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,860 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 16,290 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,835 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 4,020 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,955 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,290 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 195 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 48,785 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 16,260 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 17,335 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 6,955 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 5,460 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,770 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 108,790 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 96,350 45,220 51,130 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 50,720 25,335 25,380 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 42,125 21,060 21,065 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 8,595 4,275 4,320 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 45,630 19,880 25,745 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 26,725 13,965 12,765 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,825 1,610 2,210 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 7,290 2,755 4,535 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 7,795 1,550 6,240 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,045 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 17,435 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 6,585 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 5,045 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,985 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,050 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 24,690 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 20,400 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,295 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,355 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 5,205 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,150 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,690 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 13,410 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 11,285 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 4,850 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 4,595 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 1,835 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,355 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 4,025 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,730 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 595 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 23,370 10,365 13,010 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 48,785 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,740 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,905 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,835 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 645 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,400 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 16,260 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,145 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 109,540 52,255 57,280 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 100,875 48,665 52,210 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 90 35 65 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 7,760 3,250 4,505 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 805 310 500 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 109,540 52,260 57,280 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 106,180 50,825 55,360 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,225 970 1,250 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 345 165 180 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 785 295 485 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,400 1,050 1,340 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.2 2.0 2.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 109,535 52,255 57,285 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 107,870 51,500 56,365 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 90,520 43,545 46,975 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 88,205 42,520 45,685 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,310 1,025 1,290 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 17,355 7,960 9,390 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 20 5 10 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 15 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,335 7,950 9,380 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,195 610 585 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 35 15 20 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 5 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 25 10 15 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 1,150 590 565 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 25 10 15 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,065 535 520 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 15 10 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 25 15 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 20 10 10 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 305 145 160 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 115 50 65 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 190 95 95 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 665 250 415 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 10 5 10 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 45 25 25 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 10 5 5 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 575 210 365 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 40 25 20 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 130 70 60 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 5 5 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 70 45 30 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 30 15 15 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 20 10 10 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 12,065 5,530 6,540 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 105 50 55 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 170 75 95 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,385 1,460 1,925 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 95 30 60 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 45 15 30 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 45 20 30 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,290 1,430 1,860 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 95 50 45 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 65 35 30 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 190 90 100 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 120 60 65 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 40 25 20 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 1,470 615 855 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 380 170 210 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 100 55 50 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 115 50 65 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 35 70 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 570 230 345 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 15 10 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 3,090 1,345 1,745 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 25 10 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 40 15 25 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 965 425 535 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 20 10 10 1,240 630 620
German 1,990 860 1,135 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 20 5 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 255 115 140 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 1,025 525 500 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 710 365 340 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 85 50 35 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 120 65 55 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 75 40 40 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 5 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 20 5 10 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 10 5 5 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 85 35 50 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 10 10 5 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 265 135 130 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 315 155 155 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 135 65 70 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 20 10 10 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 160 85 75 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 4,020 1,945 2,075 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,835 895 935 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 220 95 125 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 120 60 60 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,840 890 945 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 60 15 45 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 425 195 230 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 230 110 125 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 30 20 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 0 5 600 275 325
Ganda 5 5 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 70 30 35 1,455 660 790
Swahili 45 20 30 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 15 10 10 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 15 10 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 5 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,525 675 850 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,515 675 845 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 270 130 140 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 5 5 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,105 475 635 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 10 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 50 45 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 5 5 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 190 90 100 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 170 85 90 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 15 5 10 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 65 40 30 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 55 30 25 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 395 180 215 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 45 25 25 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 45 20 20 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 300 130 170 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 1,670 750 910 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 365 170 200 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 1,195 540 655 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 65 25 35 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 109,540 52,255 57,280 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 106,185 50,740 55,445 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 98,960 47,415 51,545 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 98,280 47,120 51,160 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 680 295 385 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 7,225 3,325 3,900 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,220 3,325 3,900 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 660 325 335 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 10 5 10 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 5 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 5 5 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 645 320 330 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 5 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 620 305 315 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 5 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 5 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 5 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 195 95 95 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 25 35 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 135 70 65 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 280 130 150 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 0 0 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 25 15 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 5 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 235 110 125 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 15 5 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 35 15 15 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 20 10 10 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 10 5 5 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 5 0 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 4,340 1,980 2,355 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 50 20 25 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 70 30 40 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,370 625 750 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 5 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 15 5 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,350 615 740 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 60 35 30 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 35 20 15 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 55 25 30 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 30 15 20 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 30 15 10 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 640 280 360 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 245 120 130 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 55 30 25 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 35 15 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 135 60 80 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 380 165 210 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 5 0 280 135 150
Dutch 45 20 25 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 315 140 175 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 105 45 55 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 560 285 275 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 385 200 185 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 55 30 25 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 75 40 40 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 30 15 15 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 5 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5 5 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 45 20 25 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 155 75 75 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 175 85 85 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 80 35 40 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 5 0 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 90 50 45 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,815 815 995 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 5 0 135 60 75
Italian 525 205 320 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 85 40 50 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 55 25 30 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,145 545 600 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 15 5 10 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 315 140 175 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 65 25 35 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 20 10 10 455 210 245
Swahili 20 5 15 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 0 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 25 15 5 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,025 450 570 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,020 450 570 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 135 60 75 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 810 345 455 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 25 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 5 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 115 55 65 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 110 50 60 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 30 15 15 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 25 10 10 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 5 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 110 55 60 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 10 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 10 10 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 100 40 55 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 3,355 1,520 1,835 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 255 115 140 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 3,010 1,365 1,650 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 25 5 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 65 35 30 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 109,535 52,255 57,280 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 99,375 47,625 51,750 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 3,560 1,675 1,885 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,275 525 750 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 5,165 2,355 2,810 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 25 10 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 5,140 2,345 2,795 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 35 15 15 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 65 35 30 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 60 30 30 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 93,490 44,130 49,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 90,380 42,665 47,715 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,059 36,075 26,085 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 90,410 42,665 47,745 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,785 32,763 24,416 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,200 38,060 41,135 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,176 33,653 22,135 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,350 31,200 39,150 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,504 6,611 7,904 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,685 31,820 30,865 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,168 31,045 24,290 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 93,490 44,115 49,375 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 90,360 42,650 47,705 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,342 45,455 33,878 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 90,395 42,650 47,740 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,695 38,276 29,602 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,205 38,005 41,200 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,256 44,296 30,761 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,475 31,340 39,135 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,572 8,144 8,916 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,655 31,680 30,975 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,668 41,443 31,784 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 93,485 44,115 49,375 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,250 14,710 12,535 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,975 52,238 42,428 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,685 61,198 49,217 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.2 87.2 78.3 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.7 67.9 60.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.8 12.8 21.7 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 93,490 44,130 49,355 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,110 1,470 1,645 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 90,380 42,660 47,715 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,130 5,270 6,860 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 17,945 6,950 11,000 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 15,030 5,835 9,200 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 11,785 5,385 6,395 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,685 4,790 4,895 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,040 3,890 3,160 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,735 2,785 1,950 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,165 1,965 1,200 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 2,365 1,495 865 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,000 1,195 810 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 4,500 3,115 1,390 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 3,245 2,190 1,055 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,255 920 335 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 93,485 44,130 49,355 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,080 1,465 1,615 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 90,405 42,660 47,745 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,510 5,325 7,185 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 18,785 7,300 11,485 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 17,350 6,940 10,410 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 13,545 6,415 7,130 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,505 5,590 4,910 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 6,325 3,655 2,670 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 3,905 2,540 1,370 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 2,870 1,740 1,130 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 4,605 3,165 1,440 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 1,745 1,105 635 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 915 645 260 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 1,945 1,405 545 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 93,490 44,130 49,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 30,805 12,305 18,495 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 62,685 31,820 30,865 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 67.0 72.1 62.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,530 5,630 4,905 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,430 2,410 3,020 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,510 4,070 5,445 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 8,040 3,470 4,570 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,855 3,105 3,755 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,920 2,800 3,125 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,405 2,535 1,870 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,000 1,855 1,140 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,180 1,405 775 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 6,800 4,545 2,255 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 1,780 1,115 660 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 1,730 985 750 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 3,295 2,450 850 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 48,785 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 57,692 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,127 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,255 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,444 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,982 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,530 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,612 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,832 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 48,870 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,743 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,325 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,290 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,073 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,292 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,580 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,079 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,342 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 48,785 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 825 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 720 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,820 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,440 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,690 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,415 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,535 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,565 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,520 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,375 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,445 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,875 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,375 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,775 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,445 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,965 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,280 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,620 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,435 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,630 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 48,785 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 860 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 730 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,830 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,565 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,020 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,725 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,865 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,025 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,910 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,760 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,965 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,290 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,555 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,860 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,265 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,560 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,555 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,870 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,140 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,885 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,194 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,272 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,680 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,093 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,672 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,430 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,971 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 87,518 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,970 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,360 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,459 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,885 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,810 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,829 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,680 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,466 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,937 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,460 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,816 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,264 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,920 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,487 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,852 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,195 9,425 11,770 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,962 29,416 27,179 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,997 26,944 25,574 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,235 9,400 11,835 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,786 38,294 35,589 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,690 32,331 31,180 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 108,785 51,920 56,870 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 62,975 29,055 33,920 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 13,255 6,215 7,035 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 13,130 5,580 7,550 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 12,775 5,800 6,980 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 12,015 5,710 6,305 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 11,800 5,750 6,050 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 45,815 22,860 22,955 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,030 5,425 5,600 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 10,345 5,085 5,260 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 9,465 4,710 4,755 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 8,535 4,335 4,195 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 6,440 3,310 3,135 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 108,790 51,915 56,875 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 18,715 9,510 9,200 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 6,020 3,090 2,930 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 66,940 32,145 34,795 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 23,135 10,265 12,875 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,130 8,530 10,595 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 4,545 2,350 2,195 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,585 805 785 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 11,695 5,230 6,465 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,890 950 1,935 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.6 16.4 18.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 24.3 24.7 23.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 26.3 26.1 26.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 17.5 16.3 18.6 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 12.5 9.3 15.0 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,905 5,190 5,715 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,240 1,160 1,080 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 785 385 405 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 8,120 3,825 4,295 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 545 205 340 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 10.0 10.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.0 12.2 11.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.0 12.5 13.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.1 11.9 12.3 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.0 2.6 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 108,820 51,930 56,885 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 108,065 51,630 56,435 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 108,015 51,615 56,395 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 7,755 3,255 4,500 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 20,940 9,595 11,340 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 15 10 0 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 10 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,925 9,585 11,335 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,755 865 890 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 80 50 25 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 60 45 15 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,685 820 865 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 25 10 15 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,520 735 785 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 80 40 40 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 50 25 25 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 25 10 20 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 420 205 220 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 175 80 100 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 245 125 115 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 890 335 555 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 15 10 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 15 0 10 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 10 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 30 10 20 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 20 10 15 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 10 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 860 330 535 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 10 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 100 60 45 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 160 70 90 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 15 10 10 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 85 40 45 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 50 30 20 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 30 10 25 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 14,495 6,620 7,870 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 115 40 70 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 190 85 100 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,820 1,675 2,145 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 95 50 40 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 50 25 30 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 45 25 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,745 1,645 2,100 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 125 50 70 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 110 60 45 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 265 125 140 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 105 55 50 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 80 45 35 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 1,650 685 970 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 625 310 315 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 135 75 55 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 40 15 30 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 85 35 55 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 45 85 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 680 285 395 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 55 40 20 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 3,595 1,530 2,060 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 75 30 35 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 25 10 15 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,050 465 580 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 10 0 1,655 820 835
German 2,435 1,025 1,415 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 35 10 20 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 35 10 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 280 125 150 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 1,055 565 495 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 760 400 360 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 100 60 40 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 135 70 65 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 295 155 145 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 30 15 15 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 0 0 0 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 195 100 95 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 10 10 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 30 30 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 235 135 100 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 310 175 140 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 130 60 70 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 15 10 10 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 175 110 65 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 5,765 2,750 3,015 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,475 1,170 1,310 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 335 145 185 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 140 70 70 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,990 1,430 1,555 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,355 745 605
Japanese 115 35 80 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 10 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 485 200 280 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 380 175 205 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 65 30 35 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 20 10 15 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 0 10 1,225 550 675
Igbo 15 10 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 15 10 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 90 40 50 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 110 55 60 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 10 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 40 15 25 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 120 60 60 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 65 25 35 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,730 860 870 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,735 865 870 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 435 175 260 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 15 10 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,350 670 685 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 20 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 45 20 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 265 95 170 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 225 85 135 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 60 15 45 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 105 60 40 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 80 45 35 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 425 185 240 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 35 15 15 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 60 30 30 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 335 135 195 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 108,815 51,930 56,890 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 103,520 49,485 54,035 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,230 9,325 8,900 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 85,285 40,160 45,130 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,300 2,445 2,855 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 108,820 51,930 56,890 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 86,380 41,485 44,900 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 20,775 9,605 11,170 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 10,580 4,825 5,750 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 2,165 1,015 1,150 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 2,415 1,150 1,265 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 3,995 1,890 2,105 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 1,975 930 1,045 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 2,020 960 1,060 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,625 730 900 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,660 840 820 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 20,775 9,605 11,170 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 2,510 1,165 1,350 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 4,155 2,120 2,035 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 5,025 2,205 2,820 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 7,805 3,510 4,290 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 1,280 605 675 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 20,775 9,605 11,170 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 4,045 1,940 2,105 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 40 0 40 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 585 285 305 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 220 90 130 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 70 30 35 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 20 0 10 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 450 275 175 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 180 90 100 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 30 15 20 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 295 155 145 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,140 505 635 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,010 500 515 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 11,460 5,245 6,215 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 135 65 70 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 160 80 80 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 80 35 45 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 800 305 495 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 160 85 75 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 215 105 110 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 140 70 65 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,435 740 695 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 920 430 490 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,155 470 690 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 140 60 80 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 175 80 95 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 225 90 130 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 135 70 60 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 395 160 230 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,160 1,925 2,235 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,045 470 575 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,230 570 660 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 60 30 30 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 110 40 65 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 45 15 25 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 65 35 30 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 20 10 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 50 20 35 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 45 35 10 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 125 55 70 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 715 325 390 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 3,985 1,815 2,170 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 30 10 15 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 55 35 20 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 505 210 290 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 60 15 40 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 495 220 280 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 135 95 40 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 110 60 55 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 40 0 30 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 170 65 105 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 80 45 35 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 135 85 45 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 870 345 525 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 55 25 30 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 115 60 55 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 50 15 30 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 210 95 110 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 875 430 450 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 50 30 15 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,625 730 895 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 450 215 235 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 10 0 10 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 95 40 55 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 0 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 95 50 40 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 10 10 0 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 135 55 85 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 20 10 15 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 75 40 30 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 160 65 90 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 30 20 15 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 10 880 400 480
Romania 15 0