Census Profile, 2016 Census
St. Catharines [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic St. Catharines
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , St. Catharines [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : St. Catharines [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 111,691 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 110,596 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 51,200 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,785 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,030.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 55.01 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 111,690 53,030 58,660 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 15,340 7,815 7,530 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,000 2,560 2,440 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,240 2,665 2,580 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 5,105 2,590 2,515 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 71,040 34,280 36,755 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,980 3,065 2,915 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,645 3,735 3,910 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 7,455 3,700 3,755 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,610 3,240 3,365 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,965 2,855 3,110 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,220 2,995 3,230 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,830 3,285 3,550 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,355 3,945 4,410 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,255 3,900 4,355 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,720 3,560 4,160 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 25,310 10,935 14,375 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 7,530 3,505 4,025 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,715 2,645 3,075 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,405 1,965 2,445 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,525 1,415 2,110 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 4,135 1,410 2,730 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,570 985 1,590 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,265 365 900 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 270 60 210 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 5 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.7 14.7 12.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.6 64.6 62.7 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 22.7 20.6 24.5 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.7 2.7 4.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.3 42.8 45.6 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.5 43.6 47.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 48,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,625 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,860 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 16,290 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,835 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 4,020 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,955 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,290 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 195 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 48,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 16,260 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 17,335 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,955 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,460 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,770 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 108,790 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 96,350 45,220 51,130 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 50,720 25,335 25,380 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 42,125 21,060 21,065 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 8,595 4,275 4,320 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 45,630 19,880 25,745 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 26,725 13,965 12,765 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,825 1,610 2,210 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 7,290 2,755 4,535 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 7,795 1,550 6,240 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,045 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 17,435 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,585 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,045 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,985 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,050 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 24,690 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 20,400 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,295 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,355 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 5,205 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,150 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,690 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 13,410 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 11,285 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,850 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,595 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,835 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,355 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 4,025 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,730 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 595 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 23,370 10,365 13,010 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 48,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,740 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,905 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,835 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 645 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,400 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 16,260 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,145 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 109,540 52,255 57,280 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 100,875 48,665 52,210 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 90 35 65 1,810 820 985
English and French 7,760 3,250 4,505 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 805 310 500 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 109,540 52,260 57,280 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 106,180 50,825 55,360 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,225 970 1,250 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 345 165 180 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 785 295 485 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,400 1,050 1,340 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.2 2.0 2.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 109,535 52,255 57,285 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 107,870 51,500 56,365 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 90,520 43,545 46,975 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 88,205 42,520 45,685 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,310 1,025 1,290 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 17,355 7,960 9,390 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 20 5 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 15 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,335 7,950 9,380 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,195 610 585 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 35 15 20 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 25 10 15 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,150 590 565 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 25 10 15 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,065 535 520 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 15 10 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 25 15 10 215 100 115
Tigrigna 20 10 10 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 305 145 160 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 115 50 65 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 190 95 95 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 665 250 415 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 10 5 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 45 25 25 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 10 5 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 575 210 365 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 40 25 20 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 130 70 60 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 70 45 30 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 30 15 15 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 20 10 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 12,065 5,530 6,540 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 105 50 55 1,465 765 705
Armenian 170 75 95 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 3,385 1,460 1,925 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 95 30 60 1,070 485 585
Latvian 45 15 30 565 255 300
Lithuanian 45 20 30 505 225 280
Slavic languages 3,290 1,430 1,860 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 95 50 45 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 65 35 30 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 190 90 100 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 120 60 65 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 40 25 20 325 160 165
Polish 1,470 615 855 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 380 170 210 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 100 55 50 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 1,395 670 725
Slovak 115 50 65 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 35 70 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 570 230 345 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 10 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 3,090 1,345 1,745 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 25 10 15 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 40 15 25 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 965 425 535 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 20 10 10 295 145 145
German 1,990 860 1,135 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 20 5 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 255 115 140 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,025 525 500 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 710 365 340 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 85 50 35 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 120 65 55 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 75 40 40 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 20 5 10 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 85 35 50 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 10 10 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 1,675 845 830
Urdu 265 135 130 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 315 155 155 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 135 65 70 1,765 945 825
Pashto 20 10 10 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 160 85 75 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 4,020 1,945 2,075 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 1,835 895 935 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 220 95 125 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 120 60 60 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,840 890 945 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 60 15 45 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 425 195 230 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 230 110 125 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 30 20 10 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 5 85 50 35
Ewe 5 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 5 5 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 5 0 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 70 30 35 215 100 115
Swahili 45 20 30 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 15 10 10 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,525 675 850 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,515 675 845 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 270 130 140 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 5 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,105 475 635 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 10 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 50 45 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 5 5 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 190 90 100 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 170 85 90 1,100 550 550
Thai 15 5 10 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 65 40 30 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 530 290 235
Turkish 55 30 25 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 395 180 215 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 45 25 25 705 295 410
Finnish 45 20 20 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 300 130 170 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,670 750 910 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 365 170 200 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,195 540 655 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 65 25 35 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 109,540 52,255 57,280 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 106,185 50,740 55,445 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 98,960 47,415 51,545 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 98,280 47,120 51,160 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 680 295 385 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 7,225 3,325 3,900 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,220 3,325 3,900 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 660 325 335 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 10 5 10 770 355 415
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 5 90 50 45
Somali 5 5 5 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 645 320 330 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 620 305 315 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 5 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 195 95 95 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 25 35 800 375 420
Vietnamese 135 70 65 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 280 130 150 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 25 15 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 235 110 125 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 15 5 10 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 10 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 35 15 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 20 10 10 1,225 615 605
Tamil 10 5 5 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 0 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 4,340 1,980 2,355 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 50 20 25 695 335 360
Armenian 70 30 40 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,370 625 750 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 15 5 15 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 15 5 10 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,350 615 740 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 60 35 30 595 300 300
Bulgarian 35 20 15 1,035 485 550
Croatian 55 25 30 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 30 15 20 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 30 15 10 150 75 75
Polish 640 280 360 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 245 120 130 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 55 30 25 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 500 235 265
Slovak 35 15 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 145 65 85
Ukrainian 135 60 80 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 380 165 210 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 5 0 305 145 160
Dutch 45 20 25 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 315 140 175 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 105 45 55 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 560 285 275 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 385 200 185 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 55 30 25 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 75 40 40 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 30 15 15 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 5 5 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 45 20 25 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 675 330 340
Urdu 155 75 75 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 175 85 85 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 80 35 40 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 90 50 45 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,815 815 995 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 5 0 65 35 35
Italian 525 205 320 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 85 40 50 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 55 25 30 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,145 545 600 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 15 5 10 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 315 140 175 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 65 25 35 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 20 10 10 65 25 40
Swahili 20 5 15 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 25 15 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,025 450 570 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,020 450 570 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 135 60 75 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 810 345 455 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 25 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 5 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 115 55 65 1,380 595 785
Lao 110 50 60 460 225 235
Thai 5 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 30 15 15 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 25 10 10 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 110 55 60 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 10 10 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 100 40 55 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 3,355 1,520 1,835 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 255 115 140 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 3,010 1,365 1,650 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 25 5 15 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 65 35 30 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 109,535 52,255 57,280 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 99,375 47,625 51,750 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 3,560 1,675 1,885 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,275 525 750 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 5,165 2,355 2,810 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 25 10 15 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 5,140 2,345 2,795 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 35 15 15 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 65 35 30 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 60 30 30 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 93,490 44,130 49,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 90,380 42,665 47,715 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,059 36,075 26,085 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 90,410 42,665 47,745 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,785 32,763 24,416 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,200 38,060 41,135 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,176 33,653 22,135 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,350 31,200 39,150 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,504 6,611 7,904 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,685 31,820 30,865 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,168 31,045 24,290 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 93,490 44,115 49,375 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 90,360 42,650 47,705 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,342 45,455 33,878 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 90,395 42,650 47,740 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,695 38,276 29,602 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,205 38,005 41,200 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,256 44,296 30,761 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,475 31,340 39,135 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,572 8,144 8,916 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,655 31,680 30,975 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,668 41,443 31,784 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 93,485 44,115 49,375 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,250 14,710 12,535 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,975 52,238 42,428 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,685 61,198 49,217 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.2 87.2 78.3 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.7 67.9 60.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.8 12.8 21.7 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 93,490 44,130 49,355 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,110 1,470 1,645 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 90,380 42,660 47,715 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.7 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,130 5,270 6,860 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 17,945 6,950 11,000 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 15,030 5,835 9,200 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 11,785 5,385 6,395 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 9,685 4,790 4,895 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,040 3,890 3,160 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,735 2,785 1,950 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,165 1,965 1,200 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,365 1,495 865 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,000 1,195 810 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,500 3,115 1,390 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,245 2,190 1,055 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,255 920 335 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 93,485 44,130 49,355 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,080 1,465 1,615 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 90,405 42,660 47,745 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,510 5,325 7,185 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 18,785 7,300 11,485 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 17,350 6,940 10,410 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 13,545 6,415 7,130 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 10,505 5,590 4,910 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,325 3,655 2,670 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,905 2,540 1,370 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,870 1,740 1,130 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,605 3,165 1,440 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,745 1,105 635 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 915 645 260 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,945 1,405 545 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 93,490 44,130 49,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 30,805 12,305 18,495 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 62,685 31,820 30,865 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.0 72.1 62.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,530 5,630 4,905 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,430 2,410 3,020 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,510 4,070 5,445 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 8,040 3,470 4,570 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,855 3,105 3,755 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,920 2,800 3,125 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,405 2,535 1,870 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,000 1,855 1,140 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,180 1,405 775 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,800 4,545 2,255 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,780 1,115 660 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,730 985 750 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,295 2,450 850 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 48,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 57,692 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,127 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,255 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,444 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,982 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,530 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,612 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,832 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 48,870 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,743 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,325 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,290 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,073 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,292 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,580 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,079 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,342 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 48,785 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 825 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 720 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,820 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,440 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,690 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,415 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,535 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,565 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,520 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,375 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,445 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,875 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,375 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,775 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,445 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,965 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,280 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,620 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,435 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,630 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 48,785 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 860 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 730 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,830 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,565 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,020 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,725 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,865 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,025 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,910 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,760 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,965 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,290 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,555 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,860 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,265 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,560 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,555 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,870 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,140 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,885 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,194 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,272 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,680 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,093 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,672 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,430 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,971 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 87,518 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,970 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,360 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,459 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,885 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,810 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,829 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,680 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,466 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,937 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,460 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,816 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,264 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,920 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,487 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,852 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,195 9,425 11,770 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,962 29,416 27,179 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,997 26,944 25,574 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,235 9,400 11,835 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,786 38,294 35,589 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,690 32,331 31,180 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 108,785 51,920 56,870 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 62,975 29,055 33,920 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 13,255 6,215 7,035 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 13,130 5,580 7,550 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,775 5,800 6,980 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 12,015 5,710 6,305 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 11,800 5,750 6,050 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 45,815 22,860 22,955 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 11,030 5,425 5,600 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 10,345 5,085 5,260 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 9,465 4,710 4,755 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 8,535 4,335 4,195 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 6,440 3,310 3,135 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 108,790 51,915 56,875 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 18,715 9,510 9,200 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,020 3,090 2,930 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 66,940 32,145 34,795 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 23,135 10,265 12,875 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,130 8,530 10,595 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,545 2,350 2,195 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,585 805 785 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 11,695 5,230 6,465 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,890 950 1,935 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.6 16.4 18.6 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 24.3 24.7 23.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 26.3 26.1 26.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.5 16.3 18.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.5 9.3 15.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,905 5,190 5,715 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,240 1,160 1,080 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 785 385 405 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 8,120 3,825 4,295 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 545 205 340 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.0 12.2 11.7 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.0 12.5 13.8 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.1 11.9 12.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.0 2.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 108,820 51,930 56,885 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 108,065 51,630 56,435 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 108,015 51,615 56,395 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 7,755 3,255 4,500 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 20,940 9,595 11,340 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 15 10 0 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 10 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,925 9,585 11,335 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,755 865 890 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 80 50 25 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 10 0 10 245 140 110
Somali 60 45 15 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,685 820 865 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 25 10 15 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,520 735 785 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 80 40 40 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 50 25 25 315 155 155
Tigrigna 25 10 20 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 420 205 220 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 175 80 100 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 245 125 115 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 890 335 555 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 15 10 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 15 0 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 10 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 30 10 20 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 20 10 15 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 10 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 860 330 535 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 10 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 100 60 45 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 160 70 90 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 15 10 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 85 40 45 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 50 30 20 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 30 10 25 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 14,495 6,620 7,870 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 115 40 70 1,640 840 795
Armenian 190 85 100 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 3,820 1,675 2,145 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 95 50 40 1,030 515 520
Latvian 50 25 30 555 290 265
Lithuanian 45 25 15 475 220 250
Slavic languages 3,745 1,645 2,100 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 125 50 70 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 110 60 45 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 265 125 140 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 105 55 50 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 80 45 35 400 220 185
Polish 1,650 685 970 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 625 310 315 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 135 75 55 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 40 15 30 1,525 770 750
Slovak 85 35 55 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 45 85 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 680 285 395 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 55 40 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 3,595 1,530 2,060 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 75 30 35 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 25 10 15 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,050 465 580 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 0 465 230 240
German 2,435 1,025 1,415 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 35 10 20 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 35 10 25 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 280 125 150 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,055 565 495 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 760 400 360 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 100 60 40 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 135 70 65 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 295 155 145 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 30 15 15 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 195 100 95 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 10 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 30 30 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 235 135 100 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 310 175 140 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 130 60 70 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 15 10 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 175 110 65 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 5,765 2,750 3,015 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 2,475 1,170 1,310 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 335 145 185 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 140 70 70 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,990 1,430 1,555 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 380 245 140
Japanese 115 35 80 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 10 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 485 200 280 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 380 175 205 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 65 30 35 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 20 10 15 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 10 165 80 85
Igbo 15 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 15 10 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 90 40 50 415 220 195
Swahili 110 55 60 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 10 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 40 15 25 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 120 60 60 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 65 25 35 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,730 860 870 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 1,735 865 870 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 435 175 260 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 15 10 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,350 670 685 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 20 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 45 20 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 265 95 170 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 225 85 135 1,630 735 890
Thai 60 15 45 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 105 60 40 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 80 45 35 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 425 185 240 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 35 15 15 780 350 425
Finnish 60 30 30 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 335 135 195 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 108,815 51,930 56,890 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 103,520 49,485 54,035 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,230 9,325 8,900 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 85,285 40,160 45,130 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,300 2,445 2,855 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 108,820 51,930 56,890 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 86,380 41,485 44,900 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 20,775 9,605 11,170 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 10,580 4,825 5,750 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,165 1,015 1,150 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 2,415 1,150 1,265 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 3,995 1,890 2,105 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 1,975 930 1,045 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 2,020 960 1,060 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,625 730 900 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,660 840 820 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 20,775 9,605 11,170 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,510 1,165 1,350 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 4,155 2,120 2,035 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 5,025 2,205 2,820 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 7,805 3,510 4,290 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 1,280 605 675 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 20,775 9,605 11,170 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 4,045 1,940 2,105 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 40 0 40 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 585 285 305 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 220 90 130 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 70 30 35 1,305 600 710
Haiti 20 0 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 450 275 175 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 180 90 100 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 30 15 20 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 295 155 145 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,140 505 635 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,010 500 515 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 11,460 5,245 6,215 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 135 65 70 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 160 80 80 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 80 35 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 800 305 495 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 160 85 75 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 215 105 110 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 140 70 65 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,435 740 695 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 920 430 490 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 1,155 470 690 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 140 60 80 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 175 80 95 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 225 90 130 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 135 70 60 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 395 160 230 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,160 1,925 2,235 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,045 470 575 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,230 570 660 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 60 30 30 485 310 175
Egypt 110 40 65 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 45 15 25 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 65 35 30 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 20 10 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 50 20 35 1,740 925 815
Somalia 45 35 10 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 125 55 70 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 715 325 390 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 3,985 1,815 2,170 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 30 10 15 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 55 35 20 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 505 210 290 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 60 15 40 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 495 220 280 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 135 95 40 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 110 60 55 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 40 0 30 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 170 65 105 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 80 45 35 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 135 85 45 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 870 345 525 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 55 25 30 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 115 60 55 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 50 15 30 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 210 95 110 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 875 430 450 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 50 30 15 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,625 730 895 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 450 215 235 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 95 40 55 580 250 325
Cuba 10 0 10 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 95 50 40 625 355 265
Mexico 10 10 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 135 55 85 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 20 10 15 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 75 40 30 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 160 65 90 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 30 20 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 15 0 10 690 310 380
Russian Federation 0