Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto--St. Paul's [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto--St. Paul's
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Toronto--St. Paul's [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Toronto--St. Paul's [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 107,900 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 103,983 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 56,665 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 53,407 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 8,233.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 13.10 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 107,900 49,325 58,575 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 12,785 6,530 6,255 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,440 2,250 2,185 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,295 2,210 2,085 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,050 2,060 1,985 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 74,190 34,455 39,740 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,135 2,070 2,060 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 6,230 2,900 3,325 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 10,545 4,870 5,670 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 10,755 5,100 5,650 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,115 3,795 4,320 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,335 3,390 3,940 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,195 3,385 3,810 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 7,105 3,335 3,775 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 6,440 2,900 3,540 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,345 2,710 3,635 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 20,930 8,345 12,580 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,975 2,545 3,425 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,705 2,010 2,695 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,590 1,475 2,115 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,810 1,140 1,675 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,850 1,175 2,675 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,205 770 1,440 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,180 315 865 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 385 90 300 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 75 5 70 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.8 13.2 10.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.8 69.9 67.8 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.4 16.9 21.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.6 2.4 4.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.0 41.3 44.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.9 39.2 42.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 53,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 8,950 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 27,495 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 16,955 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,830 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 965 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,555 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,580 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 53,405 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 23,865 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,930 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,935 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 4,600 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,085 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 105,160 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.0 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,115 42,800 52,320 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 46,700 23,375 23,330 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 37,005 18,385 18,620 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 9,695 4,990 4,710 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 48,415 19,425 28,995 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 33,145 15,195 17,950 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,660 1,085 1,575 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 7,185 2,260 4,920 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,430 880 4,545 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,900 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 15,545 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 5,530 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 4,410 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,415 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,895 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 22,445 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 17,600 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,845 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,450 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,755 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 695 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,445 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 12,530 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 9,920 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 4,425 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 4,130 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,365 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,455 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,020 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,105 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 330 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 32,470 12,820 19,660 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 53,405 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,045 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,180 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,865 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 415 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 26,945 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 23,865 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,085 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 106,050 48,655 57,390 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 88,085 41,205 46,885 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 70 35 40 1,110 530 580
English and French 15,635 6,570 9,070 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,255 850 1,400 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 106,050 48,660 57,390 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 100,780 46,465 54,320 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,100 955 1,145 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 955 410 550 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,210 835 1,380 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,575 1,155 1,420 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.4 2.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 106,050 48,655 57,395 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 102,915 47,265 55,650 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 71,745 33,925 37,820 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 69,765 33,020 36,750 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,980 905 1,075 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 31,170 13,345 17,830 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 15 5 15 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,155 13,335 17,815 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,685 835 850 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 100 40 55 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 30 15 20 165 95 75
Somali 65 30 40 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,585 790 795 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 185 85 100 1,140 560 585
Arabic 665 360 305 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 240 195
Harari 5 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 480 235 245 1,770 960 805
Maltese 20 10 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 210 90 115 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 170 250 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 395 165 230 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 3,510 1,135 2,370 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 15 5 10 310 140 170
Cebuano 125 40 85 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 80 35 45 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 280 85 200 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 45 20 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 15 5 10 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,880 925 1,960 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 830 360 470
Creole languages 50 25 25 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 15 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 530 280 245 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 50 25 25 225 115 110
Malayalam 80 45 30 1,750 905 845
Tamil 250 130 115 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 145 80 65 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 18,440 8,275 10,165 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 250 135 120 1,090 560 530
Armenian 120 50 70 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 4,235 1,705 2,525 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 120 45 80 645 280 370
Latvian 90 30 60 320 145 175
Lithuanian 30 15 15 325 130 200
Slavic languages 4,115 1,665 2,450 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 35 15 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 165 60 100 1,725 805 915
Croatian 230 100 130 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 120 55 65 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 110 45 65 250 120 135
Polish 610 240 370 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,585 630 955 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 690 315 375 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 85 30 55 1,145 545 600
Slovak 75 20 50 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 25 30 545 250 290
Ukrainian 335 120 215 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 10 15 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 10 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,380 620 765 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 10 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 55 25 30 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 215 95 115 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 5 80 30 50
German 750 330 425 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 20 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 60 25 35 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 240 120 125 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 1,090 495 595 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 2,710 1,305 1,405 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,210 600 610 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 190 100 90 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 90 45 45 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 410 205 205 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 5 10 225 110 110
Marathi 75 40 45 535 280 255
Nepali 30 10 15 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 60 75 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 25 10 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 1,455 730 725
Urdu 190 105 85 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,495 700 800 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 40 20 20 1,650 875 780
Pashto 10 5 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,445 670 775 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 8,640 3,965 4,675 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 0 5 125 65 55
Italian 2,045 940 1,110 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 2,565 1,235 1,330 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 620 265 355 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 3,395 1,525 1,875 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 430 100 330 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 1,185 440 745 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 15 5 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 145 75 65 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 30 20 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 0 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 105 45 55
Shona 15 10 10 150 70 85
Swahili 25 15 10 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 5 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 5 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 5 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,270 1,370 1,900 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 3,225 1,360 1,870 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,475 630 840 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 25 10 15 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,540 625 910 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 35 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 20 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 30 40 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 10 35 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 15 5 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 30 10 20 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 40 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 10 5 800 405 400
Thai 45 15 30 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 345 175 170 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 495 275 225
Turkish 300 155 145 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,040 400 640 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 125 50 75 455 195 260
Finnish 75 30 50 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 840 320 515 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,130 1,390 1,740 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 440 200 245 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,465 1,095 1,375 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 130 60 70 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 85 35 50 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 106,045 48,660 57,390 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 100,280 46,130 54,145 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 85,930 39,875 46,060 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 85,140 39,510 45,630 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 795 365 430 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 14,345 6,260 8,085 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,340 6,255 8,085 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 665 310 355 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 35 15 20 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 5 80 40 35
Somali 25 10 15 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 635 295 335 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 105 45 55 535 250 290
Arabic 255 125 130 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 145 65 80 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 120 55 60 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 105 135 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 225 100 125 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,610 595 1,015 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 10 5 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 60 20 35 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 30 10 25 355 150 205
Ilocano 125 40 80 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,365 500 860 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 25 10 15 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 275 150 125 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 25 15 15 885 450 435
Tamil 155 85 70 1,935 965 965
Telugu 85 45 40 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 8,305 3,715 4,590 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 100 60 40 530 255 270
Armenian 50 15 35 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,725 730 1,000 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 5 10 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,710 725 990 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 10 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 80 30 45 925 425 495
Croatian 60 25 35 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 135 50 85 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 810 330 480 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 430 200 230 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 435 205 235
Slovak 15 5 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 75 35 40 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 145 60 80 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 5 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 35 20 20 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 70 25 45 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 5 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 5 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 600 270 325 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,275 590 680 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 415 205 205 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 65 30 35 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 25 10 10 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 150 80 75 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 35 15 20 245 125 120
Nepali 20 5 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 20 20 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 595 290 305
Urdu 70 35 35 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 860 380 480 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 15 5 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 5 0 5 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 845 375 465 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 4,410 1,975 2,430 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 5 60 30 35
Italian 830 345 490 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,500 695 805 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 265 120 145 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,805 815 985 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 175 60 115 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 0 15 10 10
Korean 720 280 445 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 15 5 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 10 5 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 5 5 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 15 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 5 10 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,715 765 950 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,700 765 940 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 710 315 390 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 10 5 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 920 410 510 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 15 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 0 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 15 10 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 180 90 90 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 185 95 90
Turkish 170 85 80 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 330 125 205 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 25 5 20 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 295 115 180 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,770 2,525 3,245 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 320 140 185 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 5,285 2,310 2,980 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 40 20 15 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 125 60 60 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 106,045 48,660 57,390 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 86,980 40,290 46,695 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 6,135 2,805 3,320 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,550 650 900 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 10,930 4,715 6,215 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 15 5 15 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 10,910 4,710 6,205 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 60 25 35 965 435 530
English and non-official language 160 75 85 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 230 100 130 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 92,400 41,845 50,560 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,385 40,470 48,915 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,105 46,274 39,110 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,400 40,480 48,920 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,451 40,599 34,990 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,690 37,275 44,415 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,376 48,738 39,696 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,065 25,820 35,240 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,856 828 3,113 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,065 32,155 35,910 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,236 46,168 37,634 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 92,245 41,785 50,455 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,245 40,490 48,760 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 92,952 129,238 62,821 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,265 40,500 48,760 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,394 91,779 48,970 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,655 37,345 44,310 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 96,852 136,147 63,731 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,295 25,995 35,300 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,314 5,688 6,774 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,895 32,255 35,640 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 84,523 116,547 55,541 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 92,240 41,785 50,455 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,070 17,045 16,025 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,931 69,770 59,211 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 123,990 165,563 79,787 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 95.1 96.9 92.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.1 72.2 64.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 4.9 3.1 7.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 92,405 41,840 50,560 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,015 1,370 1,645 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 89,385 40,475 48,915 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,910 5,365 6,545 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 12,765 5,210 7,555 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,220 4,160 6,065 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,085 3,395 4,690 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 7,565 3,175 4,390 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,425 2,675 3,750 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 5,370 2,355 3,010 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,430 1,970 2,460 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,645 1,650 1,995 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,035 1,385 1,660 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 15,930 9,135 6,790 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 7,080 3,560 3,515 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 8,855 5,580 3,280 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,405 41,840 50,560 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,000 1,360 1,640 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 89,400 40,480 48,920 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,330 5,515 6,815 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 13,320 5,460 7,860 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,705 4,805 6,905 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,980 4,200 5,780 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 9,070 3,790 5,280 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 7,105 3,085 4,020 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,655 2,545 3,105 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,375 2,005 2,370 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 15,860 9,070 6,790 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,070 1,435 1,640 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,995 1,030 965 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 10,790 6,610 4,185 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 92,405 41,840 50,565 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 24,335 9,690 14,650 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 68,070 32,155 35,910 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.7 76.9 71.0 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,030 3,565 4,460 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,595 2,010 2,580 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 7,700 3,335 4,375 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,880 2,940 3,940 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,030 2,640 3,395 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,850 2,490 3,355 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,920 2,195 2,730 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,120 1,900 2,220 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,425 1,605 1,825 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 16,510 9,480 7,035 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,750 1,335 1,415 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,385 1,115 1,270 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 11,375 7,030 4,350 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 53,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,655 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,675 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 23,860 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,473 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,828 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,545 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,360 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,704 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 53,355 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 155,470 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 114,416 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 23,985 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 70,226 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,477 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,375 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 225,067 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 163,353 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 53,405 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,620 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,025 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,625 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,725 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,255 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,025 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,935 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,930 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,045 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,030 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,790 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,455 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,105 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,720 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,490 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,620 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,380 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,965 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,520 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,755 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 53,405 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,755 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,045 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,640 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,840 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,545 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,230 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,330 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,500 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,615 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,445 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,485 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,945 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,410 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,755 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,190 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,680 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,020 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,530 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,130 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 27,215 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,114 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,342 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,065 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,062 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,532 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,950 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,176 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,934 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,265 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,066 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,862 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 27,130 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 235,913 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 170,198 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,070 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 216,268 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 156,066 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,850 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 339,737 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 241,150 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,265 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 84,789 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,802 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,215 11,985 18,225 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,964 39,502 40,212 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,598 35,340 35,748 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 30,265 12,000 18,265 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 62,626 66,568 60,036 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,154 51,137 47,850 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 105,160 48,350 56,810 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 44,535 19,595 24,940 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 12,890 5,770 7,120 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 9,290 3,865 5,420 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 7,725 3,400 4,320 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 7,190 3,145 4,045 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,440 3,410 4,025 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 60,625 28,755 31,870 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 7,425 3,270 4,160 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 7,995 3,675 4,325 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 8,675 3,945 4,730 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 10,305 4,870 5,435 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 26,225 13,000 13,225 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 105,160 48,355 56,810 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 15,135 7,735 7,400 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 5,335 2,700 2,640 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 71,305 32,860 38,445 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 18,720 7,760 10,965 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,765 7,420 9,345 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,345 1,195 1,150 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 765 370 395 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 11,355 5,145 6,210 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,070 1,085 1,985 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.3 16.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 15.5 15.4 15.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 13.7 15.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 15.7 16.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 16.4 14.0 18.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 15,115 6,605 8,510 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,875 950 930 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 615 295 315 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 10,930 4,875 6,055 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,310 780 1,530 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.4 13.7 15.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.4 12.3 12.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.5 10.9 11.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.8 15.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 12.3 10.1 14.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 104,945 48,290 56,650 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 102,625 47,435 55,200 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 102,575 47,410 55,170 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 15,615 6,500 9,110 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 41,680 18,460 23,215 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 35 15 15 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 20 0 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,650 18,445 23,200 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,780 1,950 1,830 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 135 55 80 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 45 15 30 190 110 80
Somali 80 35 45 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,680 1,915 1,765 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 295 160 135 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,170 680 495 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 10 0 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 2,005 995 1,010 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 40 10 30 165 90 80
Tigrigna 285 130 155 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 650 295 360 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 50 25 25 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 605 265 335 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 4,255 1,390 2,860 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 160 55 110 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 95 35 55 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 325 110 215 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 70 30 40 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,100 1,350 2,750 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 265 120 145 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 20 15 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 115 35 80 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 740 365 375 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 85 30 45 445 210 235
Malayalam 100 45 50 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 400 195 200 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 215 120 100 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 25,455 11,615 13,840 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 340 175 160 1,135 580 555
Armenian 100 45 55 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 4,820 2,045 2,780 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 160 65 95 635 310 325
Latvian 95 40 55 310 175 140
Lithuanian 60 30 35 325 135 185
Slavic languages 4,690 1,990 2,700 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 15 10 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 85 40 45 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 205 85 125 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 350 150 195 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 115 60 55 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 140 55 90 345 180 160
Polish 750 310 440 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,060 885 1,180 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 870 390 485 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 75 20 50 1,240 595 645
Slovak 70 25 50 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 445 170 280 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 115 70 50 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 20 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,855 1,325 1,525 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 135 65 75 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 105 60 40 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 280 150 135 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 1,850 810 1,040 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 10 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 125 65 65 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 220 125 100
Yiddish 420 205 210 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,425 665 760 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 3,715 1,860 1,855 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 2,050 1,035 1,015 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 305 155 155 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 170 95 75 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,210 635 575 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 10 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 10 10 375 185 190
Marathi 140 50 90 1,275 650 625
Nepali 20 10 15 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 265 160 105 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 40 20 20 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 30 55 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 425 220 205 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,660 805 850 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 20 25 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 10 10 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,640 790 845 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 13,135 5,905 7,235 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 25 15 10 245 125 120
Italian 3,685 1,675 2,010 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 3,280 1,570 1,710 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 735 300 440 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 6,345 2,785 3,565 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 220 130 85
Japanese 690 295 400 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 1,315 480 830 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 20 10 10 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 395 195 195 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 55 20 30 495 280 215
Bamanankan 20 15 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 20 0 15 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 10 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 15 15 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 210 95 115
Shona 55 20 30 265 125 140
Swahili 115 65 50 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 15 10 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 160 90 75 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 110 50 65 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 40 10 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,945 1,735 2,215 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 3,880 1,715 2,175 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,025 885 1,135 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 30 10 15 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,115 920 1,195 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 45 55 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 50 50 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 25 45 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 25 10 15 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 40 15 25 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 105 35 70 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 15 0 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 80 30 55 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 530 280 245 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 50 30 20 835 455 385
Turkish 465 255 210 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,210 490 720 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 135 65 70 495 205 295
Finnish 90 45 50 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 985 385 595 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 104,945 48,295 56,645 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 91,640 42,310 49,325 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,775 7,010 6,770 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 77,865 35,305 42,555 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,305 5,980 7,325 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 104,945 48,295 56,650 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 65,040 30,830 34,215 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 36,015 15,780 20,230 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 11,550 4,955 6,590 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,575 1,925 2,655 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 6,250 2,685 3,565 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 7,550 3,375 4,180 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,395 1,525 1,870 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 4,160 1,850 2,310 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,085 2,840 3,245 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,885 1,690 2,200 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 36,015 15,780 20,235 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,245 1,510 1,740 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 5,980 2,815 3,165 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 7,175 3,150 4,025 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 16,420 7,035 9,390 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,195 1,280 1,920 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 36,015 15,780 20,235 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 7,495 3,200 4,290 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 380 185 190 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 415 175 235 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 175 85 95 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 290 100 190 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,220 515 705 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 465 210 255 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 215 95 120 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 450 170 280 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,850 775 1,075 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,030 885 1,145 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 13,100 5,775 7,330 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 80 115 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 210 80 125 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 320 125 195 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 600 285 320 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 790 355 435 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 610 230 385 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 340 190 155 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,340 645 695 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 145 75 70 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 570 235 330 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 1,425 675 755 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 720 275 445 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 765 300 465 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 530 205 325 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 445 185 265 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,490 1,155 1,335 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,605 670 935 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,205 1,095 1,110 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 20 15 10 430 270 150
Egypt 280 165 120 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 260 135 125 1,665 835 825
Kenya 85 55 30 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 100 70 35 730 385 340
Nigeria 65 35 30 1,205 630 575
Somalia 50 10 35 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 545 265 280 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 795 360 440 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 13,030 5,600 7,430 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 45 25 25 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 170 80 90 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,700 705 1,000 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 550 280 275 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,225 635 590 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,480 720 760 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 65 40 30 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 265 65 200 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 830 330 495 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 150 100 50 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 210 130 80 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 3,770 1,315 2,460 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 180 90 95 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 85 45 40 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 155 65 90 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 535 215 320 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,600 770 835 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 185 105 80 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,085 2,840 3,245 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,015 490 520 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 130 70 60 960 445 520
Colombia 90 45 50 465 220 240
Cuba 25 10 15 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 35 25 10 160 115 45
Mexico 125 55 75 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 255 135 125 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 85 45 40 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 260 110 150 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,125 635 490 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 90 45 50 790 415 370
Germany 50 25 25 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 140 105 40 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0 200 110 90
Romania