Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto--St. Paul's [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto--St. Paul's
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Toronto--St. Paul's [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Toronto--St. Paul's [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 107,900 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 103,983 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.8 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 56,665 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 53,407 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 8,233.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 13.10 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 107,900 49,325 58,575 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 12,785 6,530 6,255 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 4,440 2,250 2,185 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 4,295 2,210 2,085 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 4,050 2,060 1,985 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 74,190 34,455 39,740 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 4,135 2,070 2,060 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 6,230 2,900 3,325 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 10,545 4,870 5,670 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 10,755 5,100 5,650 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 8,115 3,795 4,320 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,335 3,390 3,940 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 7,195 3,385 3,810 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 7,105 3,335 3,775 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 6,440 2,900 3,540 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,345 2,710 3,635 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 20,930 8,345 12,580 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,975 2,545 3,425 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,705 2,010 2,695 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,590 1,475 2,115 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,810 1,140 1,675 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,850 1,175 2,675 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,205 770 1,440 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,180 315 865 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 385 90 300 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 75 5 70 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.8 13.2 10.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.8 69.9 67.8 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 19.4 16.9 21.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.6 2.4 4.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.0 41.3 44.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.9 39.2 42.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 53,410 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 8,950 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 27,495 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 16,955 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,830 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 965 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,555 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,580 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 53,405 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 23,865 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 16,930 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 5,935 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 4,600 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,085 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 105,160 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.0 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,115 42,800 52,320 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 46,700 23,375 23,330 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 37,005 18,385 18,620 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 9,695 4,990 4,710 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 48,415 19,425 28,995 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 33,145 15,195 17,950 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,660 1,085 1,575 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 7,185 2,260 4,920 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 5,430 880 4,545 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,900 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 15,545 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 5,530 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 4,410 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,415 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,895 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 22,445 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 17,600 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,845 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,450 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 3,755 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 695 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,445 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 12,530 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 9,920 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 4,425 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 4,130 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 1,365 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,455 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,020 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,105 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 330 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 32,470 12,820 19,660 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 53,405 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,045 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,180 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,865 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 415 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 26,945 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 23,865 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,085 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 106,050 48,655 57,390 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 88,085 41,205 46,885 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 70 35 40 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 15,635 6,570 9,070 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,255 850 1,400 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 106,050 48,660 57,390 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 100,780 46,465 54,320 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,100 955 1,145 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 955 410 550 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,210 835 1,380 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,575 1,155 1,420 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.4 2.5 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 106,050 48,655 57,395 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 102,915 47,265 55,650 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 71,745 33,925 37,820 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 69,765 33,020 36,750 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,980 905 1,075 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 31,170 13,345 17,830 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 15 5 15 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 5 10 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,155 13,335 17,815 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,685 835 850 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 100 40 55 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 5 0 250 140 110
Oromo 30 15 20 1,445 720 730
Somali 65 30 40 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 1,585 790 795 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 185 85 100 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 665 360 305 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 5 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 480 235 245 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 20 10 15 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 210 90 115 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 170 250 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 395 165 230 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 3,510 1,135 2,370 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 15 5 10 595 260 330
Cebuano 125 40 85 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 80 35 45 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 280 85 200 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 45 20 30 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 15 5 10 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,880 925 1,960 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 50 25 25 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 15 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 530 280 245 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 50 25 25 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 80 45 30 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 250 130 115 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 145 80 65 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 18,440 8,275 10,165 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 250 135 120 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 120 50 70 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 4,235 1,705 2,525 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 120 45 80 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 90 30 60 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 30 15 15 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 4,115 1,665 2,450 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 35 15 15 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 165 60 100 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 230 100 130 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 120 55 65 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 110 45 65 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 610 240 370 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,585 630 955 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 690 315 375 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 85 30 55 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 75 20 50 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 25 30 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 335 120 215 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 10 15 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 450 210 240
Welsh 10 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,380 620 765 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 25 10 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 55 25 30 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 215 95 115 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 5 5 1,240 630 620
German 750 330 425 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 20 5 10 940 405 540
Swedish 60 25 35 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 240 120 125 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 170 80 85
Greek 1,090 495 595 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 2,710 1,305 1,405 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,210 600 610 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 190 100 90 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 90 45 45 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 410 205 205 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 0 345 170 175
Konkani 15 5 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 75 40 45 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 30 10 15 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 60 75 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 25 10 15 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 190 105 85 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,495 700 800 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 40 20 20 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 10 5 0 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,445 670 775 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 8,640 3,965 4,675 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 0 5 285 150 135
Italian 2,045 940 1,110 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 2,565 1,235 1,330 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 620 265 355 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 3,395 1,525 1,875 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 420 200 215
Japanese 430 100 330 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,185 440 745 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 15 5 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 145 75 65 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 30 20 15 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 365 180 185
Ga 5 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 0 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 15 10 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 25 15 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 5 0 0 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 15 5 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,270 1,370 1,900 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 3,225 1,360 1,870 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,475 630 840 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 10 15 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,540 625 910 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 35 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 20 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 30 40 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 10 35 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 15 5 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 30 10 20 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 40 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 10 10 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 45 15 30 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 345 175 170 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 300 155 145 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,040 400 640 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 125 50 75 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 75 30 50 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 840 320 515 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 3,130 1,390 1,740 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 440 200 245 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 2,465 1,095 1,375 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 130 60 70 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 85 35 50 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 106,045 48,660 57,390 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 100,280 46,130 54,145 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 85,930 39,875 46,060 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 85,140 39,510 45,630 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 795 365 430 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 14,345 6,260 8,085 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,340 6,255 8,085 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 665 310 355 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 35 15 20 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 10 5 5 805 380 425
Somali 25 10 15 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 635 295 335 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 105 45 55 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 255 125 130 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 145 65 80 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 5 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 120 55 60 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 105 135 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 225 100 125 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 1,610 595 1,015 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 10 5 5 90 35 55
Cebuano 60 20 35 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 30 10 25 910 385 530
Ilocano 125 40 80 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 0 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,365 500 860 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 25 10 15 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 275 150 125 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 25 15 15 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 155 85 70 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 85 45 40 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 8,305 3,715 4,590 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 100 60 40 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 50 15 35 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,725 730 1,000 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 10 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,710 725 990 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 10 5 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 80 30 45 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 60 25 35 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 10 5 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 35 15 20 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 135 50 85 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 810 330 480 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 430 200 230 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 15 5 10 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 75 35 40 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 145 60 80 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 5 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 35 20 20 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 70 25 45 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 5 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 5 5 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 600 270 325 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 1,275 590 680 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 415 205 205 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 65 30 35 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 25 10 10 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 150 80 75 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 35 15 20 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 20 5 10 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 20 20 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 70 35 35 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 860 380 480 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 15 5 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 5 0 5 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 845 375 465 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 4,410 1,975 2,430 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 5 135 60 75
Italian 830 345 490 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,500 695 805 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 265 120 145 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,805 815 985 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 175 60 115 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 770 420 355
Georgian 5 5 0 775 420 355
Korean 720 280 445 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 15 5 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 10 5 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 5 5 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 30 15 20 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 5 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,715 765 950 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,700 765 940 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 710 315 390 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 10 5 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 920 410 510 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 15 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 5 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 15 10 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 180 90 90 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 770 385 380
Turkish 170 85 80 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 330 125 205 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 25 5 20 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 295 115 180 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 5,770 2,525 3,245 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 320 140 185 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 5,285 2,310 2,980 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 40 20 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 125 60 60 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 106,045 48,660 57,390 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 86,980 40,290 46,695 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 6,135 2,805 3,320 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,550 650 900 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 10,930 4,715 6,215 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 15 5 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 10,910 4,710 6,205 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 60 25 35 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 160 75 85 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 230 100 130 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 92,400 41,845 50,560 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,385 40,470 48,915 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,105 46,274 39,110 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,400 40,480 48,920 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,451 40,599 34,990 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,690 37,275 44,415 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,376 48,738 39,696 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,065 25,820 35,240 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,856 828 3,113 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,065 32,155 35,910 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,236 46,168 37,634 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 92,245 41,785 50,455 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,245 40,490 48,760 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 92,952 129,238 62,821 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,265 40,500 48,760 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,394 91,779 48,970 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,655 37,345 44,310 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 96,852 136,147 63,731 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,295 25,995 35,300 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,314 5,688 6,774 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,895 32,255 35,640 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 84,523 116,547 55,541 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 92,240 41,785 50,455 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,070 17,045 16,025 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,931 69,770 59,211 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 123,990 165,563 79,787 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 95.1 96.9 92.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.1 72.2 64.4 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 4.9 3.1 7.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 92,405 41,840 50,560 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,015 1,370 1,645 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 89,385 40,475 48,915 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,910 5,365 6,545 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 12,765 5,210 7,555 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 10,220 4,160 6,065 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,085 3,395 4,690 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 7,565 3,175 4,390 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,425 2,675 3,750 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,370 2,355 3,010 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,430 1,970 2,460 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,645 1,650 1,995 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,035 1,385 1,660 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 15,930 9,135 6,790 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 7,080 3,560 3,515 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 8,855 5,580 3,280 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,405 41,840 50,560 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,000 1,360 1,640 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 89,400 40,480 48,920 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.8 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,330 5,515 6,815 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 13,320 5,460 7,860 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 11,705 4,805 6,905 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 9,980 4,200 5,780 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 9,070 3,790 5,280 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,105 3,085 4,020 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,655 2,545 3,105 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,375 2,005 2,370 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 15,860 9,070 6,790 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,070 1,435 1,640 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,995 1,030 965 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 10,790 6,610 4,185 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 92,405 41,840 50,565 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 24,335 9,690 14,650 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 68,070 32,155 35,910 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 73.7 76.9 71.0 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,030 3,565 4,460 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 4,595 2,010 2,580 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 7,700 3,335 4,375 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,880 2,940 3,940 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,030 2,640 3,395 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,850 2,490 3,355 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,920 2,195 2,730 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,120 1,900 2,220 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,425 1,605 1,825 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 16,510 9,480 7,035 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,750 1,335 1,415 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,385 1,115 1,270 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 11,375 7,030 4,350 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 53,410 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,655 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,675 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 23,860 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,473 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,828 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,545 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,360 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,704 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 53,355 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 155,470 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 114,416 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 23,985 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 70,226 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,477 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,375 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 225,067 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 163,353 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 53,405 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,620 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,025 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,625 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,725 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,255 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,025 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,935 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,930 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,045 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,030 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,790 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,455 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,105 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,720 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,490 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,620 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,380 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,965 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,520 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,755 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 53,405 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,755 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,045 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,640 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,840 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,545 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,230 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,330 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,500 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,615 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,445 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,485 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,945 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,410 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,755 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,190 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,680 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,020 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,530 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,130 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 27,215 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,114 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,342 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,065 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,062 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,532 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,950 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,176 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,934 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,265 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,066 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,862 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 27,130 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 235,913 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 170,198 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,070 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 216,268 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 156,066 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,850 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 339,737 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 241,150 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,265 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 84,789 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,802 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,215 11,985 18,225 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,964 39,502 40,212 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,598 35,340 35,748 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 30,265 12,000 18,265 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 62,626 66,568 60,036 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,154 51,137 47,850 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 105,160 48,350 56,810 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 44,535 19,595 24,940 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 12,890 5,770 7,120 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 9,290 3,865 5,420 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 7,725 3,400 4,320 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 7,190 3,145 4,045 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 7,440 3,410 4,025 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 60,625 28,755 31,870 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 7,425 3,270 4,160 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 7,995 3,675 4,325 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 8,675 3,945 4,730 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 10,305 4,870 5,435 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 26,225 13,000 13,225 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 105,160 48,355 56,810 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 15,135 7,735 7,400 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 5,335 2,700 2,640 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 71,305 32,860 38,445 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 18,720 7,760 10,965 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,765 7,420 9,345 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 2,345 1,195 1,150 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 765 370 395 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 11,355 5,145 6,210 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 3,070 1,085 1,985 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.3 16.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 15.5 15.4 15.5 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 13.7 15.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 15.7 16.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 16.4 14.0 18.1 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 15,115 6,605 8,510 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,875 950 930 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 615 295 315 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 10,930 4,875 6,055 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 2,310 780 1,530 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.4 13.7 15.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.4 12.3 12.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.5 10.9 11.9 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.8 15.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 12.3 10.1 14.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 104,945 48,290 56,650 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 102,625 47,435 55,200 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 102,575 47,410 55,170 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 15,615 6,500 9,110 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 41,680 18,460 23,215 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 35 15 15 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 20 0 15 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,650 18,445 23,200 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,780 1,950 1,830 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 135 55 80 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 45 15 30 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 80 35 45 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,680 1,915 1,765 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 295 160 135 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,170 680 495 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 10 0 10 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 2,005 995 1,010 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 40 10 30 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 285 130 155 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 650 295 360 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 50 25 25 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 605 265 335 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 4,255 1,390 2,860 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 160 55 110 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 95 35 55 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 325 110 215 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 70 30 40 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 10 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,100 1,350 2,750 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 265 120 145 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 20 15 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 115 35 80 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 740 365 375 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 85 30 45 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 100 45 50 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 400 195 200 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 215 120 100 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 25,455 11,615 13,840 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 340 175 160 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 100 45 55 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 4,820 2,045 2,780 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 160 65 95 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 95 40 55 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 60 30 35 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 4,690 1,990 2,700 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 15 10 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 85 40 45 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 205 85 125 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 350 150 195 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 115 60 55 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 140 55 90 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 750 310 440 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,060 885 1,180 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 870 390 485 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 75 20 50 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 70 25 50 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 445 170 280 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 115 70 50 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 20 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,855 1,325 1,525 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 135 65 75 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 105 60 40 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 280 150 135 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,850 810 1,040 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 15 10 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 125 65 65 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 420 205 210 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,425 665 760 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 3,715 1,860 1,855 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 2,050 1,035 1,015 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 305 155 155 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 170 95 75 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,210 635 575 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 140 50 90 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 20 10 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 265 160 105 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 40 20 20 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 30 55 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 425 220 205 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,660 805 850 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 20 25 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 10 10 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,640 790 845 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 13,135 5,905 7,235 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 25 15 10 515 275 240
Italian 3,685 1,675 2,010 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 3,280 1,570 1,710 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 735 300 440 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 6,345 2,785 3,565 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 690 295 400 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,315 480 830 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 20 10 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 395 195 195 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 55 20 30 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 20 15 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 20 0 15 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 0 0 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 15 15 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 55 20 30 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 115 65 50 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 15 10 0 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 160 90 75 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 110 50 65 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 40 10 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,945 1,735 2,215 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 3,880 1,715 2,175 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,025 885 1,135 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 30 10 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 2,115 920 1,195 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 45 55 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 20 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 50 50 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 25 45 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 25 10 15 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 40 15 25 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 105 35 70 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 15 0 10 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 80 30 55 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 30 10 20
Turkic languages 530 280 245 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 50 30 20 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 465 255 210 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 10 0 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,210 490 720 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 135 65 70 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 90 45 50 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 985 385 595 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 104,945 48,295 56,645 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 91,640 42,310 49,325 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,775 7,010 6,770 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 77,865 35,305 42,555 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,305 5,980 7,325 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 104,945 48,295 56,650 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 65,040 30,830 34,215 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 36,015 15,780 20,230 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 11,550 4,955 6,590 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 4,575 1,925 2,655 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 6,250 2,685 3,565 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 7,550 3,375 4,180 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 3,395 1,525 1,870 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 4,160 1,850 2,310 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,085 2,840 3,245 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,885 1,690 2,200 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 36,015 15,780 20,235 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,245 1,510 1,740 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 5,980 2,815 3,165 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 7,175 3,150 4,025 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 16,420 7,035 9,390 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 3,195 1,280 1,920 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 36,015 15,780 20,235 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 7,495 3,200 4,290 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 380 185 190 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 415 175 235 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 175 85 95 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 290 100 190 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 0 0 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,220 515 705 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 465 210 255 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 215 95 120 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 450 170 280 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,850 775 1,075 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,030 885 1,145 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 13,100 5,775 7,330 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 80 115 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 210 80 125 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 320 125 195 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 600 285 320 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 790 355 435 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 610 230 385 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 340 190 155 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,340 645 695 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 145 75 70 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 570 235 330 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,425 675 755 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 720 275 445 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 765 300 465 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 530 205 325 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 445 185 265 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,490 1,155 1,335 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,605 670 935 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 2,205 1,095 1,110 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 20 15 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 280 165 120 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 260 135 125 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 85 55 30 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 100 70 35 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 65 35 30 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 50 10 35 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 545 265 280 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 795 360 440 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 13,030 5,600 7,430 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 45 25 25 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 170 80 90 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,700 705 1,000 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 550 280 275 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,225 635 590 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,480 720 760 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 65 40 30 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 265 65 200 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 830 330 495 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 150 100 50 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 210 130 80 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 3,770 1,315 2,460 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 180 90 95 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 85 45 40 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 155 65 90 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 535 215 320 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 1,600 770 835 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 185 105 80 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,085 2,840 3,245 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,015 490 520 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 130 70 60 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 90 45 50 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 25 10 15 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 35 25 10 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 125 55 75 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 255 135 125 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 85 45 40 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 260 110 150 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,125 635 490 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 90 45 50 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 50 25 25 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 140 105 40 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0 880 400 480
Romania 40 20 25 2,425