Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto--St. Paul's [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto--St. Paul's
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Toronto--St. Paul's [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Toronto--St. Paul's [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 107,900 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 103,983 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.8 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 56,665 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 53,407 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 8,233.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 13.10 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 107,900 49,325 58,575 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 12,785 6,530 6,255 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,440 2,250 2,185 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,295 2,210 2,085 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,050 2,060 1,985 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 74,190 34,455 39,740 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 4,135 2,070 2,060 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,230 2,900 3,325 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 10,545 4,870 5,670 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 10,755 5,100 5,650 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 8,115 3,795 4,320 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,335 3,390 3,940 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,195 3,385 3,810 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 7,105 3,335 3,775 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 6,440 2,900 3,540 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,345 2,710 3,635 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 20,930 8,345 12,580 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,975 2,545 3,425 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,705 2,010 2,695 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,590 1,475 2,115 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,810 1,140 1,675 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,850 1,175 2,675 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,205 770 1,440 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,180 315 865 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 385 90 300 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 75 5 70 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.8 13.2 10.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.8 69.9 67.8 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 19.4 16.9 21.5 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.6 2.4 4.6 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.0 41.3 44.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.9 39.2 42.5 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 53,410 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 8,950 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 27,495 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 16,955 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,830 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 965 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,555 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,580 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 53,405 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 23,865 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,930 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,935 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 4,600 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,085 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 105,160 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.0 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,115 42,800 52,320 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 46,700 23,375 23,330 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 37,005 18,385 18,620 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 9,695 4,990 4,710 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 48,415 19,425 28,995 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 33,145 15,195 17,950 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,660 1,085 1,575 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 7,185 2,260 4,920 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,430 880 4,545 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,900 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 15,545 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,530 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 4,410 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,415 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,895 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 22,445 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 17,600 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,845 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,450 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,755 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 695 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,445 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 12,530 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 9,920 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,425 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 4,130 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,365 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,455 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,020 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,105 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 330 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 32,470 12,820 19,660 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 53,405 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,045 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,180 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,865 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 415 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 26,945 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 23,865 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,085 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 106,050 48,655 57,390 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 88,085 41,205 46,885 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 70 35 40 1,810 820 985
English and French 15,635 6,570 9,070 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,255 850 1,400 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 106,050 48,660 57,390 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 100,780 46,465 54,320 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,100 955 1,145 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 955 410 550 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,210 835 1,380 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,575 1,155 1,420 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.4 2.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 106,050 48,655 57,395 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 102,915 47,265 55,650 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 71,745 33,925 37,820 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 69,765 33,020 36,750 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,980 905 1,075 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 31,170 13,345 17,830 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 15 5 15 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 5 10 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,155 13,335 17,815 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,685 835 850 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 100 40 55 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 30 15 20 205 115 95
Somali 65 30 40 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,585 790 795 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 185 85 100 1,370 670 700
Arabic 665 360 305 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 245 200
Harari 5 5 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 480 235 245 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 20 10 15 215 100 115
Tigrigna 210 90 115 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 170 250 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 395 165 230 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 3,510 1,135 2,370 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 15 5 10 375 165 215
Cebuano 125 40 85 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 80 35 45 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 280 85 200 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 45 20 30 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 15 5 10 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,880 925 1,960 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 50 25 25 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 15 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 530 280 245 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 50 25 25 280 150 135
Malayalam 80 45 30 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 250 130 115 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 145 80 65 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 18,440 8,275 10,165 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 250 135 120 1,465 765 705
Armenian 120 50 70 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 4,235 1,705 2,525 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 120 45 80 1,070 485 585
Latvian 90 30 60 565 255 300
Lithuanian 30 15 15 505 225 280
Slavic languages 4,115 1,665 2,450 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 35 15 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 165 60 100 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 230 100 130 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 120 55 65 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 110 45 65 325 160 165
Polish 610 240 370 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,585 630 955 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 690 315 375 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 85 30 55 1,395 670 725
Slovak 75 20 50 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 25 30 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 335 120 215 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 10 15 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,380 620 765 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 25 10 15 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 55 25 30 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 215 95 115 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 5 295 145 145
German 750 330 425 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 20 5 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 60 25 35 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 240 120 125 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 45 25
Greek 1,090 495 595 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 2,710 1,305 1,405 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,210 600 610 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 190 100 90 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 90 45 45 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 410 205 205 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 15 5 10 255 130 125
Marathi 75 40 45 620 325 295
Nepali 30 10 15 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 60 75 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 25 10 15 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 1,675 845 830
Urdu 190 105 85 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,495 700 800 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 40 20 20 1,765 945 825
Pashto 10 5 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,445 670 775 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 8,640 3,965 4,675 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 2,045 940 1,110 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 2,565 1,235 1,330 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 620 265 355 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 3,395 1,525 1,875 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 430 100 330 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 85 50 35
Georgian 10 5 5 85 50 40
Korean 1,185 440 745 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 15 5 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 145 75 65 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 30 20 15 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 155 70 80
Shona 15 10 10 215 100 115
Swahili 25 15 10 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 5 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,270 1,370 1,900 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 3,225 1,360 1,870 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,475 630 840 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 25 10 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,540 625 910 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 35 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 20 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 30 40 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 10 35 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 15 5 10 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 30 10 20 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 40 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 10 10 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 45 15 30 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 345 175 170 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 530 290 235
Turkish 300 155 145 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,040 400 640 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 125 50 75 705 295 410
Finnish 75 30 50 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 840 320 515 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 3,130 1,390 1,740 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 440 200 245 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 2,465 1,095 1,375 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 130 60 70 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 85 35 50 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 106,045 48,660 57,390 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 100,280 46,130 54,145 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 85,930 39,875 46,060 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 85,140 39,510 45,630 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 795 365 430 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 14,345 6,260 8,085 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,340 6,255 8,085 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 665 310 355 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 35 15 20 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 5 90 50 45
Somali 25 10 15 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 635 295 335 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 105 45 55 600 275 320
Arabic 255 125 130 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 145 65 80 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 120 55 60 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 105 135 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 800 375 420
Vietnamese 225 100 125 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 1,610 595 1,015 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 10 5 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 60 20 35 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 30 10 25 415 175 240
Ilocano 125 40 80 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 0 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,365 500 860 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 25 10 15 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 275 150 125 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 25 15 15 1,225 615 605
Tamil 155 85 70 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 85 45 40 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 8,305 3,715 4,590 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 100 60 40 695 335 360
Armenian 50 15 35 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,725 730 1,000 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 15 5 10 210 90 115
Latvian 10 5 10 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,710 725 990 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 10 5 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 80 30 45 1,035 485 550
Croatian 60 25 35 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 10 5 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 35 15 20 150 75 75
Polish 135 50 85 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 810 330 480 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 430 200 230 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 500 235 265
Slovak 15 5 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10 145 65 85
Ukrainian 75 35 40 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 145 60 80 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 35 20 20 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 70 25 45 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 5 5 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 600 270 325 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,275 590 680 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 415 205 205 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 65 30 35 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 25 10 10 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 150 80 75 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 35 15 20 270 140 130
Nepali 20 5 10 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 20 20 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 675 330 340
Urdu 70 35 35 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 860 380 480 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 15 5 10 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 0 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 845 375 465 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 4,410 1,975 2,430 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 5 65 35 35
Italian 830 345 490 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 1,500 695 805 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 265 120 145 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,805 815 985 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 175 60 115 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 30 15 10
Georgian 5 5 0 30 15 15
Korean 720 280 445 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 15 5 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 10 5 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 5 5 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 5 0 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 30 15 20 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 15 5 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,715 765 950 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,700 765 940 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 710 315 390 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 5 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 920 410 510 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 15 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 5 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 15 10 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 180 90 90 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 195 105 95
Turkish 170 85 80 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 330 125 205 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 25 5 20 95 40 55
Finnish 10 5 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 295 115 180 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 5,770 2,525 3,245 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 320 140 185 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 5,285 2,310 2,980 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 40 20 15 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 125 60 60 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 106,045 48,660 57,390 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 86,980 40,290 46,695 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 6,135 2,805 3,320 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,550 650 900 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 10,930 4,715 6,215 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 15 5 15 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 10,910 4,710 6,205 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 60 25 35 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 160 75 85 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 230 100 130 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 92,400 41,845 50,560 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,385 40,470 48,915 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,105 46,274 39,110 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,400 40,480 48,920 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,451 40,599 34,990 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,690 37,275 44,415 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,376 48,738 39,696 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,065 25,820 35,240 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,856 828 3,113 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,065 32,155 35,910 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,236 46,168 37,634 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 92,245 41,785 50,455 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,245 40,490 48,760 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 92,952 129,238 62,821 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,265 40,500 48,760 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,394 91,779 48,970 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,655 37,345 44,310 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 96,852 136,147 63,731 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,295 25,995 35,300 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,314 5,688 6,774 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,895 32,255 35,640 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 84,523 116,547 55,541 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 92,240 41,785 50,455 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,070 17,045 16,025 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,931 69,770 59,211 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 123,990 165,563 79,787 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 95.1 96.9 92.6 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.1 72.2 64.4 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 4.9 3.1 7.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 92,405 41,840 50,560 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,015 1,370 1,645 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 89,385 40,475 48,915 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.7 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,910 5,365 6,545 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 12,765 5,210 7,555 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 10,220 4,160 6,065 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 8,085 3,395 4,690 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 7,565 3,175 4,390 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,425 2,675 3,750 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,370 2,355 3,010 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,430 1,970 2,460 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,645 1,650 1,995 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 3,035 1,385 1,660 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 15,930 9,135 6,790 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 7,080 3,560 3,515 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 8,855 5,580 3,280 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,405 41,840 50,560 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,000 1,360 1,640 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 89,400 40,480 48,920 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.8 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,330 5,515 6,815 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 13,320 5,460 7,860 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 11,705 4,805 6,905 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 9,980 4,200 5,780 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,070 3,790 5,280 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,105 3,085 4,020 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,655 2,545 3,105 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,375 2,005 2,370 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 15,860 9,070 6,790 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 3,070 1,435 1,640 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,995 1,030 965 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 10,790 6,610 4,185 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 92,405 41,840 50,565 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 24,335 9,690 14,650 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 68,070 32,155 35,910 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.7 76.9 71.0 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,030 3,565 4,460 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,595 2,010 2,580 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,700 3,335 4,375 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,880 2,940 3,940 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,030 2,640 3,395 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,850 2,490 3,355 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,920 2,195 2,730 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,120 1,900 2,220 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,425 1,605 1,825 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 16,510 9,480 7,035 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,750 1,335 1,415 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,385 1,115 1,270 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 11,375 7,030 4,350 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 53,410 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,655 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,675 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 23,860 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,473 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,828 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,545 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,360 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,704 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 53,355 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 155,470 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 114,416 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 23,985 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 70,226 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,477 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,375 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 225,067 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 163,353 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 53,405 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,620 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,025 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,625 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,725 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,255 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,025 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,935 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,930 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,045 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,030 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,790 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,455 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,105 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,720 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,490 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,620 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,380 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,965 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,520 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,755 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 53,405 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,755 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,045 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,640 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,840 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,545 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,230 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,330 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,500 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,615 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,445 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,485 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,945 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,410 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,755 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,190 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,680 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,020 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,530 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,130 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 27,215 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,114 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,342 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,065 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,062 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,532 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,950 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,176 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,934 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,265 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,066 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,862 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 27,130 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 235,913 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 170,198 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,070 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 216,268 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 156,066 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,850 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 339,737 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 241,150 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,265 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 84,789 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,802 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,215 11,985 18,225 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,964 39,502 40,212 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,598 35,340 35,748 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 30,265 12,000 18,265 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 62,626 66,568 60,036 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,154 51,137 47,850 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 105,160 48,350 56,810 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 44,535 19,595 24,940 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 12,890 5,770 7,120 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 9,290 3,865 5,420 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 7,725 3,400 4,320 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 7,190 3,145 4,045 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 7,440 3,410 4,025 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 60,625 28,755 31,870 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 7,425 3,270 4,160 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 7,995 3,675 4,325 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 8,675 3,945 4,730 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,305 4,870 5,435 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 26,225 13,000 13,225 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 105,160 48,355 56,810 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 15,135 7,735 7,400 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,335 2,700 2,640 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 71,305 32,860 38,445 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 18,720 7,760 10,965 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,765 7,420 9,345 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,345 1,195 1,150 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 765 370 395 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 11,355 5,145 6,210 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,070 1,085 1,985 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.3 16.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.5 15.4 15.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 13.7 15.0 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 15.7 16.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 16.4 14.0 18.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 15,115 6,605 8,510 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,875 950 930 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 615 295 315 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 10,930 4,875 6,055 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,310 780 1,530 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.4 13.7 15.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.4 12.3 12.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.5 10.9 11.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.8 15.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 12.3 10.1 14.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 104,945 48,290 56,650 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 102,625 47,435 55,200 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 102,575 47,410 55,170 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 15,615 6,500 9,110 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 41,680 18,460 23,215 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 35 15 15 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 30 15 15 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 20 0 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,650 18,445 23,200 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,780 1,950 1,830 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 135 55 80 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 45 15 30 245 140 110
Somali 80 35 45 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,680 1,915 1,765 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 295 160 135 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,170 680 495 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 10 0 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 2,005 995 1,010 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 40 10 30 315 155 155
Tigrigna 285 130 155 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 650 295 360 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 50 25 25 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 605 265 335 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 4,255 1,390 2,860 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 160 55 110 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 95 35 55 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 325 110 215 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 70 30 40 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 10 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,100 1,350 2,750 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 265 120 145 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 20 15 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 115 35 80 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 740 365 375 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 85 30 45 510 250 265
Malayalam 100 45 50 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 400 195 200 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 215 120 100 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 25,455 11,615 13,840 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 340 175 160 1,640 840 795
Armenian 100 45 55 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 4,820 2,045 2,780 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 160 65 95 1,030 515 520
Latvian 95 40 55 555 290 265
Lithuanian 60 30 35 475 220 250
Slavic languages 4,690 1,990 2,700 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 15 10 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 85 40 45 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 205 85 125 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 350 150 195 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 115 60 55 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 140 55 90 400 220 185
Polish 750 310 440 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,060 885 1,180 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 870 390 485 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 75 20 50 1,525 770 750
Slovak 70 25 50 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 445 170 280 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 115 70 50 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 20 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,855 1,325 1,525 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 135 65 75 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 105 60 40 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 280 150 135 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,850 810 1,040 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 15 10 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 125 65 65 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 545 270 275
Yiddish 420 205 210 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 1,425 665 760 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 3,715 1,860 1,855 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 2,050 1,035 1,015 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 305 155 155 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 170 95 75 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,210 635 575 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 10 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 10 10 415 215 200
Marathi 140 50 90 1,475 780 695
Nepali 20 10 15 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 265 160 105 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 40 20 20 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 30 55 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 425 220 205 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,660 805 850 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 20 25 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 10 10 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,640 790 845 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 13,135 5,905 7,235 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 25 15 10 395 210 180
Italian 3,685 1,675 2,010 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 3,280 1,570 1,710 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 735 300 440 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 6,345 2,785 3,565 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 380 245 140
Japanese 690 295 400 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,315 480 830 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 20 10 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 395 195 195 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 55 20 30 630 350 280
Bamanankan 20 15 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 20 0 15 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 15 15 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 290 125 165
Shona 55 20 30 415 220 195
Swahili 115 65 50 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 15 10 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 160 90 75 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 110 50 65 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 40 10 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,945 1,735 2,215 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 3,880 1,715 2,175 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,025 885 1,135 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 30 10 15 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 2,115 920 1,195 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 45 55 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 20 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 50 50 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 25 45 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 25 10 15 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 40 15 25 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 105 35 70 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 0 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 80 30 55 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 530 280 245 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 50 30 20 945 510 435
Turkish 465 255 210 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 10 0 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,210 490 720 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 135 65 70 780 350 425
Finnish 90 45 50 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 985 385 595 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 104,945 48,295 56,645 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 91,640 42,310 49,325 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,775 7,010 6,770 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 77,865 35,305 42,555 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,305 5,980 7,325 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 104,945 48,295 56,650 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 65,040 30,830 34,215 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 36,015 15,780 20,230 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 11,550 4,955 6,590 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 4,575 1,925 2,655 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 6,250 2,685 3,565 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 7,550 3,375 4,180 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 3,395 1,525 1,870 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 4,160 1,850 2,310 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,085 2,840 3,245 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,885 1,690 2,200 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 36,015 15,780 20,235 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,245 1,510 1,740 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 5,980 2,815 3,165 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 7,175 3,150 4,025 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 16,420 7,035 9,390 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 3,195 1,280 1,920 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 36,015 15,780 20,235 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 7,495 3,200 4,290 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 380 185 190 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 415 175 235 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 175 85 95 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 290 100 190 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,220 515 705 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 465 210 255 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 215 95 120 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 450 170 280 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,850 775 1,075 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 2,030 885 1,145 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 13,100 5,775 7,330 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 80 115 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 210 80 125 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 320 125 195 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 600 285 320 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 790 355 435 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 610 230 385 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 340 190 155 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,340 645 695 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 145 75 70 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 570 235 330 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 1,425 675 755 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 720 275 445 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 765 300 465 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 530 205 325 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 445 185 265 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,490 1,155 1,335 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,605 670 935 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,205 1,095 1,110 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 20 15 10 485 310 175
Egypt 280 165 120 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 260 135 125 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 85 55 30 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 100 70 35 985 535 455
Nigeria 65 35 30 1,740 925 815
Somalia 50 10 35 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 545 265 280 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 795 360 440 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 13,030 5,600 7,430 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 45 25 25 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 170 80 90 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,700 705 1,000 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 550 280 275 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,225 635 590 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,480 720 760 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 65 40 30 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 265 65 200 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 830 330 495 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 150 100 50 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 210 130 80 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 3,770 1,315 2,460 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 180 90 95 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 85 45 40 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 155 65 90 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 535 215 320 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,600 770 835 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 185 105 80 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,085 2,840 3,245 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,015 490 520 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 130 70 60 1,145 525 615
Colombia 90 45 50 580 250 325
Cuba 25 10 15 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 35 25 10 625 355 265
Mexico 125 55 75 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 255 135 125 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 85 45 40 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 260 110 150 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,125 635 490 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 90 45 50 970 510 460
Germany 50 25 25 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 140 105 40 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 40 20 25 690 310 380
Russi