Census Profile, 2016 Census
Sault Ste. Marie [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sault Ste. Marie
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Sault Ste. Marie [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Sault Ste. Marie [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 80,371 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 82,052 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,335 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,604 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,607.03 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 80,370 39,025 41,340 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 11,480 5,915 5,565 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 3,815 1,965 1,850 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 3,840 2,005 1,835 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 3,825 1,940 1,880 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 51,150 25,090 26,065 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,210 2,200 2,010 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 4,865 2,515 2,345 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 4,520 2,290 2,235 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 4,405 2,150 2,250 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 4,370 2,080 2,290 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 4,385 2,115 2,270 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 4,870 2,395 2,470 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 6,335 2,980 3,360 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,075 3,365 3,710 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,120 3,000 3,120 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 17,735 8,020 9,710 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,445 2,650 2,795 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,015 1,900 2,120 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,175 1,450 1,730 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,535 1,120 1,415 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,560 905 1,655 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,675 665 1,015 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 690 215 480 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 180 30 145 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 0 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.3 15.2 13.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.6 64.3 63.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 22.1 20.6 23.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.2 2.3 4.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 44.6 43.4 45.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 47.0 45.5 48.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,605 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,900 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,090 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,355 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,855 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 940 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,560 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,890 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 110 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 260 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,605 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 11,295 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 13,290 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,310 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 4,055 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,650 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 78,865 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 68,890 33,115 35,775 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 38,770 19,385 19,380 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 31,750 15,885 15,865 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 7,020 3,500 3,515 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 30,120 13,725 16,395 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 17,585 9,510 8,075 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,350 1,060 1,290 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,730 2,000 2,730 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,460 1,155 4,300 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 23,550 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,545 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 4,990 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 3,780 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,235 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 23,545 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 19,075 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 15,565 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,505 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,470 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,490 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 980 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,075 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,645 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 8,425 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 3,835 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 3,455 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,140 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,475 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,900 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,150 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 420 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,160 7,100 8,065 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,605 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 22,800 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,355 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,445 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 375 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,435 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 11,295 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,135 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 79,285 38,645 40,640 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 71,570 35,385 36,185 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 45 20 30 1,110 530 580
English and French 7,380 3,150 4,225 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 285 90 200 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 79,280 38,645 40,640 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 76,505 37,420 39,085 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,395 1,080 1,315 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 110 60 50 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 275 80 195 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,445 1,110 1,335 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.1 2.9 3.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 79,285 38,640 40,640 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 78,390 38,235 40,155 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 71,700 34,975 36,720 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 69,055 33,795 35,255 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,645 1,180 1,465 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 6,695 3,255 3,430 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 125 45 80 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 110 35 75 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 35 65 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 100 35 65 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,570 3,210 3,355 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 215 170 45 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 215 170 40 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 0 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 210 165 45 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 15 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 20 5 10 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 40 10 30 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 0 0 0 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 5 0 5 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 10 30 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 0 5 0 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 50 25 20 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 5 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 5 5 5 1,750 905 845
Tamil 10 5 5 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 25 15 10 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 5,230 2,525 2,700 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 0 0 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 0 0 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 700 315 385 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 45 20 30 645 280 370
Latvian 20 5 15 320 145 175
Lithuanian 30 15 20 325 130 200
Slavic languages 655 295 355 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,725 805 915
Croatian 120 60 60 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 20 15 10 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 5 0 5 250 120 135
Polish 275 105 165 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 20 10 10 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 5 0 5 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 25 15 10 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 150 70 80 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 635 290 350 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 20 10 10 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 100 45 55 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 455 210 245 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 20 5 20 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 25 20 10 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 255 140 115 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 230 125 105 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 40 25 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 65 35 30 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 75 40 30 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 5 5 0 535 280 255
Nepali 10 5 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 5 10 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 1,455 730 725
Urdu 10 5 5 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 25 15 15 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 0 0 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 10 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,600 1,760 1,840 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 3,245 1,585 1,655 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 165 75 85 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 15 5 10 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 175 85 85 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 20 5 15 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 25 10 10 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 25 15 10 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 10 5 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 5 0 5 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 5 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 10 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 210 100 110 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 200 100 105 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 75 35 35 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 105 55 50 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 5 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 5 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 5 0 5 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 5 5 0 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 0 0 0 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 705 325 385 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 75 30 45 455 195 260
Finnish 575 265 315 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 55 30 25 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 895 410 485 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 380 165 210 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 485 225 260 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 20 10 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 79,285 38,645 40,640 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 78,150 38,090 40,055 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 76,235 37,235 39,000 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 75,660 36,995 38,660 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 580 240 340 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,915 860 1,055 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 20 5 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 20 5 10 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 5 15 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,895 850 1,040 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 105 80 25 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 100 75 20 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 95 75 25 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 15 5 10 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 15 0 5 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 0 10 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 30 15 15 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 0 0 0 885 450 435
Tamil 5 5 5 1,935 965 965
Telugu 20 10 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,400 590 805 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 135 50 85 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 130 50 75 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 30 10 20 1,795 840 955
Czech 0 0 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 5 0 5 120 60 60
Polish 55 15 35 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 10 5 5 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 0 0 0 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 0 0 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 20 10 10 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 60 30 35 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 0 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 0 0 0 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 50 20 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 15 5 5 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 115 60 55 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 105 55 50 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 20 15 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 35 20 20 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 35 15 20 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 5 0 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 0 10 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 0 0 0 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 15 5 5 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,075 450 625 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 945 380 565 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 55 25 30 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 5 0 0 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 75 40 30 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 5 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 10 5 5 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 5 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 15 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 60 60 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 120 60 60 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 25 10 15 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 80 40 35 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 5 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 165 70 95 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 140 55 80 435 190 240
Hungarian 15 10 10 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,135 550 585 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 170 75 95 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 945 470 480 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 0 5 0 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 15 5 15 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 79,285 38,645 40,640 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 73,835 36,175 37,660 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,185 530 655 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,710 700 1,010 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 2,505 1,210 1,295 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 220 95 125 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 2,290 1,120 1,170 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 5 0 0 965 435 530
English and non-official language 10 5 5 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 30 15 20 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 67,410 32,585 34,820 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,205 31,550 33,655 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,103 40,272 26,567 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,225 31,550 33,675 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,329 36,247 24,800 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,265 28,515 28,750 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,016 36,380 23,107 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 50,270 22,990 27,280 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,512 8,667 8,347 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 45,790 24,520 21,265 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,710 32,295 26,282 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 67,360 32,565 34,800 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,065 31,440 33,630 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,023 49,522 35,011 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,080 31,440 33,645 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,831 41,483 30,549 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,140 28,455 28,685 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,660 47,129 32,250 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 50,030 22,980 27,050 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,359 9,397 9,327 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 45,850 24,450 21,400 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,625 42,912 33,728 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 67,365 32,565 34,800 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 19,355 10,520 8,835 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,313 65,201 46,530 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,848 68,104 52,209 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.9 86.4 78.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.6 67.5 60.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.1 13.6 21.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 67,410 32,590 34,820 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,205 1,040 1,165 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 65,205 31,550 33,655 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.8 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,135 3,230 4,900 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 11,600 4,095 7,505 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,055 3,885 6,170 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,735 4,450 4,275 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,740 3,375 3,365 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 4,860 2,620 2,240 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 3,620 2,090 1,530 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,120 1,980 1,140 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,500 1,720 775 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,110 1,330 780 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 3,735 2,765 965 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 2,950 2,180 765 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 785 585 200 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 67,410 32,590 34,820 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,180 1,040 1,140 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 65,225 31,550 33,680 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 96.8 96.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,410 3,280 5,130 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 12,085 4,305 7,785 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,735 4,710 7,025 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,985 5,200 4,785 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 7,175 3,780 3,395 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 5,155 3,030 2,130 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 3,905 2,595 1,305 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,085 1,975 1,110 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 3,690 2,680 1,010 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,585 1,140 445 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 845 625 220 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,255 920 340 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 67,405 32,590 34,820 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 21,620 8,065 13,555 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 45,790 24,525 21,270 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 67.9 75.3 61.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,900 5,630 3,275 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 3,770 1,605 2,155 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 5,855 2,460 3,395 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 4,975 2,125 2,850 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 4,150 1,715 2,430 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 3,855 1,685 2,175 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 2,980 1,600 1,385 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 2,295 1,355 940 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,390 1,560 825 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 6,620 4,785 1,840 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,070 1,455 615 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,800 1,165 635 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 2,760 2,160 595 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,605 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,304 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,092 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,300 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,833 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,636 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 24,305 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,265 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,626 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,600 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,803 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,503 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,325 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,975 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,713 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 24,275 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,451 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,333 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,600 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 370 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 560 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,410 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,620 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,065 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,665 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,720 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,795 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,765 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,610 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,860 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,485 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,270 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,020 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,645 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,490 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,425 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,475 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,260 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,600 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 390 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 575 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,410 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,710 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,305 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,820 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,005 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,965 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,045 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,790 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,400 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,895 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,555 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,085 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,820 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,830 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,280 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,780 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,770 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 23,490 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,841 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,947 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,140 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,819 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,455 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,535 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,226 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,810 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,235 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,373 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,056 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 23,435 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,080 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,745 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,000 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,879 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,512 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,550 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,146 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,223 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,255 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,859 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,881 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,705 6,445 7,260 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,738 31,966 25,408 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,991 29,181 24,260 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,725 6,445 7,275 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,864 39,235 34,763 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,030 33,559 30,676 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 78,870 38,490 40,375 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 40,790 19,030 21,760 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 8,385 3,970 4,415 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 8,335 3,410 4,920 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 8,320 3,885 4,435 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 8,050 3,890 4,155 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,705 3,875 3,830 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 38,075 19,460 18,620 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 7,580 3,790 3,785 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 7,930 4,010 3,915 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 8,500 4,385 4,120 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 8,480 4,390 4,090 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 5,585 2,880 2,705 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 77,745 37,935 39,805 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 13,580 6,985 6,595 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 4,475 2,325 2,155 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 47,725 23,340 24,385 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,435 7,620 8,820 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,015 5,285 6,735 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,900 1,520 1,385 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,105 570 535 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 7,285 3,260 4,025 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,830 505 1,325 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 13.9 16.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.4 21.8 21.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 24.7 24.5 24.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.0 16.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.1 6.6 15.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,075 2,940 3,130 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,280 680 600 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 540 290 245 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 4,490 2,160 2,330 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 300 100 200 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.8 7.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.4 9.7 9.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.1 12.5 11.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.3 9.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.3 2.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 78,825 38,535 40,295 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 78,560 38,460 40,105 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 78,530 38,445 40,080 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 7,390 3,160 4,230 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 8,785 4,270 4,510 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 485 175 315 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 460 165 305 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 45 10 30 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 420 150 270 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 410 145 265 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 10 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,305 4,100 4,200 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 220 180 40 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 20 10 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 15 10 10 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 220 180 40 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 205 170 35 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 15 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 0 15 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 10 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 10 0 15 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 55 10 50 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 45 10 40 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 10 0 10 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 40 30 10 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 0 0 0 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 10 10 0 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 25 15 10 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 6,670 3,235 3,435 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 705 305 400 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 35 20 15 635 310 325
Latvian 10 10 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 25 15 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 680 290 385 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 120 50 70 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 85 40 40 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 10 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 285 100 180 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 50 15 30 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 10 10 10 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 35 20 10 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 110 50 55 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 20 15 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 790 375 420 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 0 10 0 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 25 20 10 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 80 25 50 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 625 320 310 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 25 10 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 40 10 30 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 45 20 25 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 375 210 165 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 370 205 165 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 75 40 35 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 80 50 35 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 215 125 90 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 10 0 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 35 10 25 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 45 35 10 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 15 15 0 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 10 0 0 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 0 10 0 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,825 2,355 2,465 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,205 2,030 2,170 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 245 125 120 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 15 10 10 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 415 200 215 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 45 25 20 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 60 30 30 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 25 20 0 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 0 0 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 0 0 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 185 85 95 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 110 45 60 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 80 45 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 240 130 110 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 240 125 115 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 100 55 40 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 115 55 60 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 10 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 20 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 10 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 10 0 0 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 15 15 0 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 10 10 0 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 10 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 805 375 425 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 80 45 35 495 205 295
Finnish 670 295 375 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 60 45 15 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 78,830 38,535 40,295 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 77,410 37,840 39,570 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,855 7,225 6,630 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 63,560 30,625 32,940 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,415 690 725 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 78,825 38,535 40,295 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 71,705 35,030 36,675 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 6,760 3,285 3,475 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 5,180 2,530 2,650 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 345 170 170 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 340 160 180 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 600 280 320 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 255 130 125 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 345 150 200 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 290 145 150 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 365 215 145 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 6,755 3,285 3,470 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,090 545 540 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,505 790 715 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 2,060 935 1,125 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 1,900 930 970 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 205 80 130 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,755 3,280 3,475 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,205 510 700 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 0 0 0 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 0 10 0 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 10 0 0 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 10 0 10 920 415 500
Haiti 10 0 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 40 15 20 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 20 10 15 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 0 0 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 40 25 15 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 955 385 565 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 130 60 65 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 4,795 2,395 2,400 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 10 0 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 65 30 35 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 35 20 15 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 440 220 220 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 20 10 10 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 55 45 10 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 25 10 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,250 1,110 1,135 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 70 30 40 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 100 30 75 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 175 95 85 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 20 10 10 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 15 10 10 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 15 0 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 10 0 10 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 855 390 460 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 625 350 275 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 70 55 15 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 0 0 0 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 0 0 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 15 15 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 10 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 30 25 10 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 650 310 340 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 10 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 40 25 25 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 140 55 85 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 30 10 15 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 185 110 80 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 10 10 0 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 10 0 10 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 40 15 20 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 0 0 0 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 15 10 0 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 50 10 50 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 0 10 0 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 10 10 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 30 10 15 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 80 50 30 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 35 20 15 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 290 145 150 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 70 30 35 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 0 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 55 20 35 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 35 15 15 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0