Census Profile, 2016 Census
Scarborough Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Scarborough Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Scarborough Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Scarborough Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 112,603 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 108,826 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,775 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 40,292 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,994.0 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 28.19 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 112,600 53,760 58,840 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 18,270 9,395 8,875 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,905 3,000 2,905 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,250 3,265 2,980 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,120 3,130 2,990 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 76,140 36,695 39,450 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,975 3,580 3,395 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 8,395 4,310 4,080 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 7,700 3,755 3,945 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 7,495 3,535 3,965 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 7,095 3,280 3,815 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,210 3,320 3,890 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,760 3,670 4,085 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,920 4,255 4,665 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,015 3,905 4,105 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,580 3,085 3,495 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 18,195 7,670 10,520 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,215 2,390 2,825 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,850 1,740 2,105 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,255 1,370 1,885 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,730 1,110 1,620 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,145 1,065 2,080 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,985 730 1,250 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 890 270 615 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 240 55 185 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 35 5 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 17.5 15.1 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.6 68.3 67.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 16.2 14.3 17.9 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.6 39.2 41.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.3 38.5 41.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 40,295 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 13,910 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 16,500 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,885 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 775 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 2,770 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,020 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,280 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 40 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 40,295 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 9,975 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 11,215 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,510 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,295 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,290 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 110,510 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 94,330 44,365 49,965 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 48,030 23,970 24,065 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 43,780 21,850 21,935 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 4,250 2,120 2,130 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 46,305 20,400 25,905 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 31,255 15,965 15,290 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,985 1,150 1,840 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,880 2,190 3,685 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 6,180 1,095 5,090 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,285 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 13,070 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 7,860 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,260 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,100 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,285 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 22,815 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 20,695 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,125 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,470 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 6,345 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,120 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,815 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 8,470 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 14,350 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,795 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,675 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,875 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,470 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 4,600 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 2,055 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 810 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,135 8,655 10,480 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 40,295 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,400 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,125 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,275 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,860 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,030 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 9,980 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,050 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 111,205 53,355 57,850 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 100,390 48,910 51,475 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 180 60 115 1,810 820 985
English and French 5,870 2,600 3,275 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 4,770 1,790 2,980 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 111,205 53,355 57,850 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 104,200 50,555 53,645 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,315 605 710 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,020 450 570 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 4,665 1,740 2,925 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,830 835 995 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 111,210 53,355 57,850 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 105,220 50,525 54,695 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 50,795 24,855 25,945 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 49,770 24,360 25,410 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,025 495 530 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 54,420 25,675 28,750 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 54,410 25,670 28,740 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,355 1,660 1,690 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 280 125 160 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oromo 55 30 30 205 115 95
Somali 220 95 130 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 3,065 1,535 1,530 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 340 145 190 1,370 670 700
Arabic 2,410 1,250 1,155 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 85 35 50 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 15 5 10 215 100 115
Tigrigna 185 85 100 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 450 205 240 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 15 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 430 200 230 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 8,985 3,740 5,245 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 40 15 25 375 165 215
Cebuano 300 135 165 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 160 70 90 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 545 230 320 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 75 30 45 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35 700 320 380
Pangasinan 35 10 25 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,705 3,195 4,510 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 190 80 115 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 20 10 15 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 110 40 70 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 9,220 4,525 4,690 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 45 25 20 280 150 135
Malayalam 405 205 200 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 8,375 4,085 4,285 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 395 210 180 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 21,450 10,525 10,925 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 425 215 205 1,465 765 705
Armenian 565 280 280 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 2,140 955 1,185 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 35 5 30 1,070 485 585
Latvian 30 5 25 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 0 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 2,105 950 1,160 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 20 10 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 125 55 75 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 75 35 40 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 65 15 50 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 760 365 395 325 160 165
Polish 415 190 225 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 240 100 140 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 200 105 100 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 1,395 670 725
Slovak 40 20 20 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 10 30 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 95 35 60 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 5 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 625 270 355 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 5 5 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 20 5 10 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 65 30 35 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 510 220 285 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 0 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 20 15 10 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 2,765 1,325 1,435 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 11,395 5,815 5,580 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 8,925 4,515 4,410 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 2,385 1,185 1,195 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 1,765 895 870 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 820 440 385 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 60 25 30 255 130 125
Marathi 85 45 40 620 325 295
Nepali 330 165 160 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 490 270 220 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 105 50 60 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 300 140 155 1,675 845 830
Urdu 2,565 1,285 1,280 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 2,400 1,265 1,135 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 115 65 45 1,765 945 825
Pashto 520 285 240 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,760 910 850 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 3,535 1,655 1,880 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 1,280 595 680 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 475 225 250 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 415 195 220 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,370 640 730 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 150 45 110 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 35 10 25 85 50 35
Georgian 30 10 25 85 50 40
Korean 425 215 215 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 455 200 250 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 65 40 25 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 20 10 5 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 45 25 20
Ga 15 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 10 0 10 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 10 245 145 105
Lingala 15 5 10 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 35 15 15 215 100 115
Swahili 115 45 65 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 45 20 30 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 40 20 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,755 3,985 4,770 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 8,700 3,960 4,735 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 3,795 1,710 2,080 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 200 95 105 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 4,165 1,895 2,275 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 10 5 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 70 55 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 50 65 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 280 125 155 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 25 35 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 15 5 10 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 25 10 15 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 40 20 25 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 15 15 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 25 5 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 410 220 185 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 5 0 530 290 235
Turkish 335 185 150 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 30 20 15 170 85 85
Uzbek 25 10 15 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 410 175 230 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 50 20 25 705 295 410
Finnish 55 15 35 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 310 140 170 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 5,985 2,825 3,160 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 225 105 115 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 5,455 2,590 2,865 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 155 65 85 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 155 65 90 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 111,205 53,355 57,850 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 96,565 46,370 50,195 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 62,775 30,470 32,310 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 62,140 30,170 31,970 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 640 300 340 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 33,785 15,900 17,890 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 33,785 15,895 17,885 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,940 920 1,025 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 145 60 90 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 15 90 50 45
Somali 115 45 70 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,790 855 935 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 200 90 110 600 275 320
Arabic 1,435 705 730 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 45 15 30 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 5 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 95 45 50 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 275 130 145 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 270 130 140 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 4,540 1,960 2,580 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 10 5 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 115 55 65 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 70 30 40 415 175 240
Ilocano 210 90 120 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 15 5 10 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,085 1,760 2,325 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 115 45 70 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 10 10 10 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 75 30 45 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 6,720 3,245 3,475 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 20 10 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 250 125 125 1,225 615 605
Tamil 6,200 2,980 3,230 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 250 130 115 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 12,225 5,920 6,305 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 230 120 110 695 335 360
Armenian 370 170 195 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,065 505 560 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 10 5 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,055 500 555 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 65 25 35 1,035 485 550
Croatian 35 15 25 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 20 10 15 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 425 205 215 150 75 75
Polish 215 100 115 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 115 55 55 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 115 55 60 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 25 15 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 15 145 65 85
Ukrainian 15 5 10 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 70 30 40 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 0 0 0 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 75 30 40 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 1,415 665 760 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 7,305 3,635 3,665 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 5,725 2,835 2,890 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 1,595 775 825 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 1,175 585 590 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 470 230 235 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 5 0 10 5 5
Konkani 20 5 10 40 25 25
Marathi 55 25 25 270 140 130
Nepali 225 115 110 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 265 140 125 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 65 25 30 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 70 60 675 330 340
Urdu 1,725 850 875 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 1,535 775 755 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 65 35 25 1,080 540 535
Pashto 345 185 160 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 1,125 555 575 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,765 800 970 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 530 220 310 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 210 95 115 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 255 130 130 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 765 350 415 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 65 20 40 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 15 0 15 30 15 10
Georgian 20 0 15 30 15 15
Korean 300 150 150 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 150 65 85 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 20 10 15 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 5 5 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 15 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 60 20 35 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 5 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 50 35 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 15 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 25 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,855 3,145 3,710 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 6,815 3,125 3,690 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 2,960 1,330 1,630 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 120 55 65 700 295 410
Mandarin 3,390 1,580 1,810 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 30 25 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 35 45 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 205 95 100 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 25 1,745 885 865
Burmese 10 5 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 25 10 15 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 15 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 5 0 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 285 150 135 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 245 130 115 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 20 10 10 95 50 50
Uzbek 20 10 10 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 205 90 115 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 15 10 10 95 40 55
Finnish 20 10 20 725 325 400
Hungarian 165 80 90 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 14,640 6,985 7,655 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 255 115 135 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 14,010 6,710 7,300 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 105 40 65 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 270 120 150 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 111,205 53,355 57,850 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 81,450 39,065 42,380 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 14,395 7,005 7,390 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 565 245 320 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 14,275 6,795 7,480 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 10 5 0 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 14,270 6,790 7,480 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 90 40 50 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 300 150 150 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 130 55 80 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 10 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 92,315 43,730 48,590 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,995 41,245 45,750 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,285 27,574 23,719 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,005 41,250 45,760 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,046 25,879 22,786 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,885 35,350 36,535 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,330 28,997 22,490 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,800 29,965 37,840 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,300 1,428 5,602 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,970 30,480 29,485 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,386 30,949 25,860 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 92,275 43,680 48,595 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,015 41,180 45,830 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,702 35,308 30,361 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,015 41,180 45,835 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,663 30,457 27,050 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,880 35,145 36,735 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,821 36,276 29,515 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,905 30,200 37,705 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,161 5,934 8,144 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,890 30,345 29,545 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,651 37,311 31,917 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 92,275 43,680 48,590 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 25,385 13,860 11,520 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,311 47,241 43,833 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 50,681 52,528 48,459 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.9 87.7 77.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.0 78.0 67.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.1 12.3 22.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 92,315 43,725 48,590 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 5,320 2,480 2,840 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 86,995 41,245 45,750 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.2 94.3 94.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,180 8,065 9,115 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 18,505 7,845 10,660 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 13,765 5,980 7,785 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 10,680 4,955 5,725 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,480 4,070 4,405 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,860 3,020 2,840 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,055 2,180 1,875 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 2,785 1,655 1,130 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 1,835 1,120 720 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,415 805 605 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 2,440 1,550 890 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 1,985 1,235 750 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 455 315 140 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,320 43,730 48,590 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 5,310 2,480 2,830 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 87,005 41,250 45,760 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 94.2 94.3 94.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,345 8,135 9,210 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 19,145 8,140 11,010 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 15,750 6,975 8,775 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 12,415 5,865 6,550 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,990 4,480 4,505 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,510 2,905 2,610 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,310 1,980 1,330 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,060 1,215 845 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 2,485 1,560 925 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,145 675 470 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 560 355 200 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 775 520 255 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 92,320 43,725 48,590 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 32,350 13,245 19,105 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 59,970 30,485 29,485 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 65.0 69.7 60.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,220 3,945 4,275 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,600 2,605 2,990 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 9,310 4,475 4,835 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 8,100 3,850 4,250 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,415 3,700 3,720 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,420 3,160 3,260 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,600 2,505 2,095 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,265 1,855 1,410 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,245 1,395 855 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 4,790 2,995 1,795 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,585 985 600 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,295 715 580 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 1,910 1,295 615 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 40,290 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 58,368 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,161 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,975 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,155 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,471 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,315 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,463 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 63,390 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 40,290 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,624 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,903 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,975 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,427 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,129 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,315 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,892 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,374 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 40,290 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,095 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 700 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,165 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,810 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,800 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,050 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,115 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,110 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,140 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,055 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,645 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,210 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,805 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,360 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,990 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,230 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,750 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,315 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,220 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 950 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 40,295 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,125 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 710 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,190 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,875 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,965 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,255 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,410 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,445 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,465 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,300 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,140 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,515 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,930 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,400 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,955 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,610 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,270 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,790 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,545 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,110 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,671 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 62,742 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,835 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,303 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 55,635 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,325 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 82,416 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 75,043 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,625 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,100 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,559 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,050 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,401 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,903 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,850 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,359 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,849 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,380 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,490 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 82,457 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,480 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,419 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,547 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,950 7,140 7,810 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,484 26,974 26,115 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,951 25,159 24,840 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 14,970 7,130 7,835 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,051 34,795 33,374 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,012 28,824 29,184 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 110,510 53,085 57,425 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 71,795 34,070 37,720 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 16,725 7,935 8,790 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 16,490 7,610 8,875 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 14,685 6,995 7,690 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 12,555 6,045 6,515 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 11,345 5,495 5,850 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 38,715 19,015 19,705 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 10,125 4,860 5,265 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 9,295 4,580 4,710 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 8,330 4,105 4,215 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 7,185 3,545 3,640 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 3,790 1,920 1,865 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 110,510 53,085 57,425 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 22,055 11,330 10,730 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 7,120 3,640 3,475 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 72,000 34,615 37,385 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 16,455 7,145 9,315 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,815 11,475 13,340 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 7,125 3,575 3,545 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 2,470 1,245 1,225 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 15,035 6,840 8,195 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,655 1,060 1,595 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 22.5 21.6 23.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 32.3 31.6 33.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 34.7 34.2 35.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 20.9 19.8 21.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 16.1 14.8 17.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 19,900 9,360 10,535 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 5,430 2,720 2,710 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,935 955 980 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 12,790 6,035 6,760 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,675 615 1,065 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 18.0 17.6 18.3 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 24.6 24.0 25.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 27.2 26.2 28.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 17.8 17.4 18.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 10.2 8.6 11.4 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 110,445 53,135 57,315 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 105,695 51,365 54,335 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 105,545 51,310 54,240 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 5,920 2,715 3,210 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 67,045 31,965 35,080 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 20 0 15 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 67,030 31,965 35,065 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,400 2,255 2,140 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 20 10 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 350 150 200 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 10 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 50 25 20 245 140 110
Somali 295 120 175 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 4,110 2,140 1,970 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 625 320 305 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 3,280 1,735 1,540 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 160 65 100 55 35 20
Hebrew 45 30 15 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 25 10 15 315 155 155
Tigrigna 185 85 100 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 635 285 350 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 0 20 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 615 275 335 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 11,210 4,615 6,595 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 395 175 220 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 130 60 70 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 705 235 470 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 140 60 80 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 25 35 855 365 495
Pangasinan 40 15 25 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,800 4,420 6,375 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 520 210 310 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 40 25 20 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 335 145 195 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 45 95 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 11,785 5,845 5,935 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 110 40 75 510 250 265
Malayalam 670 345 325 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 10,590 5,230 5,355 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 600 325 275 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 28,585 14,220 14,360 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 530 280 250 1,640 840 795
Armenian 645 300 340 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,895 1,315 1,575 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 45 0 40 1,030 515 520
Latvian 40 0 40 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,855 1,320 1,535 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 15 10 10 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 110 50 60 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 125 60 65 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 145 50 95 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 1,120 530 590 400 220 185
Polish 495 215 285 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 555 265 290 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 345 190 155 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 1,525 770 750
Slovak 50 20 30 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 10 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 120 30 90 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 10 10 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 895 405 495 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 20 10 10 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 15 0 0 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 90 35 55 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 750 340 410 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 35 20 15 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 4,005 1,940 2,070 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 15,735 8,180 7,560 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 12,890 6,585 6,305 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 2,515 1,265 1,250 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 2,690 1,350 1,345 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 4,075 2,170 1,910 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 125 60 65 415 215 200
Marathi 170 95 80 1,475 780 695
Nepali 390 190 200 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,065 540 525 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 215 90 125 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 755 390 365 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 4,345 2,255 2,090 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 3,120 1,725 1,390 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 105 70 35 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 890 500 390 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 2,380 1,290 1,095 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 70 35 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 4,675 2,160 2,515 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,610 765 850 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 510 240 275 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 505 220 290 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,195 1,015 1,180 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 225 90 135 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 75 25 50 115 55 60
Georgian 70 25 50 115 55 55
Korean 440 235 205 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 20 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 20 0 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 905 420 485 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 75 25 50 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 20 0 10 145 80 60
Ewe 25 15 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 35 10 35 150 95 50
Ganda 45 15 30 165 80 85
Igbo 30 10 20 425 240 185
Lingala 90 25 65 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 10 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 20 10 290 125 165
Shona 35 25 10 415 220 195
Swahili 335 165 170 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 15 10 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 95 45 45 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 100 95 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 135 75 60 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 70 30 40 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 45 20 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,630 4,470 5,160 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 9,555 4,425 5,130 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 4,250 1,965 2,290 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 255 125 130 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 5,745 2,630 3,115 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 15 0 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 295 150 145 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 55 60 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 320 155 165 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 50 30 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 40 15 20 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 30 25 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 50 30 25 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 30 25 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 20 10 15 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 600 330 270 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 15 15 0 945 510 435
Turkish 535 300 230 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 45 20 20 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 455 235 220 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 45 25 15 780 350 425
Finnish 55 30 25 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 360 180 180 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 110,445 53,135 57,310 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 93,310 45,115 48,190 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,870 10,420 9,455 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,435 34,700 38,735 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,140 8,020 9,120 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 110,450 53,135 57,310 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 45,975 23,245 22,730 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 61,315 28,315 33,005 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 11,015 4,825 6,190 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 7,735 3,635 4,095 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 15,365 7,155 8,215 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 18,400 8,630 9,770 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 9,335 4,435 4,895 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 9,070 4,190 4,870 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,805 4,060 4,740 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,155 1,580 1,575 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 61,315 28,310 33,005 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 4,050 2,065 1,990 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 9,065 4,570 4,490 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 13,030 5,630 7,400 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 28,385 13,105 15,280 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 6,785 2,940 3,845 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 61,320 28,315 33,005 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 9,695 3,960 5,735 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 70 20 50 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 170 60 110 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 275 140 140 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 3,040 1,280 1,755 1,305 600 710
Haiti 145 60 85 570 250 315
Jamaica 2,110 835 1,280 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 105 40 65 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 30 10 20 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 1,340 570 770 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 480 225 260 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,915 720 1,195 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 7,995 3,655 4,345 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 80 30 50 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 95 50 45 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 80 50 35 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 400 170 225 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 2,145 990 1,150 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 145 65 85 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 35 40 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 930 445 485 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 65 30 30 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 365 155 205 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 240 120 125 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 450 210 240 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 200 100 100 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 160 60 95 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 60 15 45 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,135 500 635 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,365 625 745 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 3,035 1,515 1,520 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 65 25 40 485 310 175
Egypt 325 175 155 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 575 275 295 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 200 95 105 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 50 25 25 985 535 455
Nigeria 90 35 50 1,740 925 815
Somalia 165 65 100 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 90 50 50 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,470 775 695 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 40,500 19,155 21,345 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 1,360 700 665 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 1,800 905 895 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,555 2,025 2,530 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,225 560 665 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 5,015 2,500 2,510 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 480 290 190 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 260 145 110 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 60 15 50 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 340 180 160 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 745 395 350 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 2,540 1,290 1,255 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 10,735 4,445 6,290 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 7,465 3,685 3,780 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 555 270 285 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 225 100 125 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 660 310 355 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 2,475 1,330 1,145 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 90 30 60 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,800 4,060 4,740 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 955 415 545 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 35 10 25 1,145 525 615
Colombia 65 25 35 580 250 325
Cuba 30 10 15 140 60 80
Haiti 70 30 45 35 35 10
Jamaica 240 135 110 625 355 265
Mexico 55 15 40 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 70 35 40 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 50 25 30 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 340 145 200 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 325 135 190 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 35 20 20 970 510 460
Germany 25 10 20 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 15 10 10 690 310 380