Census Profile, 2016 Census
Scarborough North [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Scarborough North
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Scarborough North [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Scarborough North [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 98,800 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 101,080 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 30,273 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 29,411 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,249.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 30.41 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 98,800 47,795 51,005 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 14,910 7,665 7,245 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,950 2,560 2,390 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 5,130 2,630 2,495 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,835 2,470 2,360 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 66,950 32,395 34,555 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 6,180 3,110 3,070 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,265 3,800 3,470 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 7,450 3,805 3,645 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 6,350 3,050 3,300 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 5,460 2,515 2,945 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 5,800 2,685 3,115 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 6,615 3,000 3,620 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 7,960 3,800 4,160 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,310 3,540 3,775 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,555 3,095 3,455 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 16,945 7,735 9,205 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,710 2,740 2,970 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,740 1,775 1,970 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,010 1,375 1,635 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,250 990 1,255 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,235 855 1,375 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,400 560 835 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 620 240 380 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 190 50 135 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 30 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.1 16.0 14.2 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.8 67.8 67.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.2 16.2 18.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.8 2.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.3 40.3 42.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.6 39.9 43.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 29,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,795 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,420 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 11,190 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,575 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 4,520 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,380 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,530 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 180 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 29,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 3,845 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 7,140 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 6,155 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 5,960 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,310 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,870 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 83,890 40,135 43,755 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 46,440 23,170 23,275 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 44,125 22,015 22,110 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 2,315 1,150 1,160 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 37,455 16,970 20,485 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 25,975 13,490 12,485 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,015 795 1,215 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,805 1,825 2,985 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,655 860 3,795 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 27,805 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 11,055 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 7,545 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 6,490 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,715 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 27,805 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 22,020 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 20,865 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,160 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,785 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,680 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,105 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,025 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 7,590 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 14,435 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,885 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 6,000 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,540 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,785 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,465 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,655 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 665 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,800 5,725 7,080 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 29,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 21,530 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 5,245 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,285 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,980 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,895 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 3,850 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,050 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 98,365 47,655 50,715 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 77,760 38,625 39,135 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 60 25 35 1,110 530 580
English and French 3,835 1,650 2,185 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 16,715 7,350 9,365 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 98,365 47,655 50,715 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 80,655 39,890 40,765 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 495 220 270 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 705 300 410 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 16,515 7,240 9,270 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 845 370 470 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 98,365 47,650 50,710 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 94,110 45,570 48,540 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 28,880 14,460 14,420 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 28,495 14,285 14,210 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 380 170 210 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 65,235 31,115 34,115 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 65,225 31,115 34,115 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 965 475 490 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 0 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 95 45 50 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 90 40 50 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 860 430 435 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 70 25 45 1,140 560 585
Arabic 735 375 365 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 15 5 10 25 10 15
Hebrew 0 5 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 15 10 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 15 5 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 210 250 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 445 205 240 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 3,875 1,700 2,175 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 25 10 10 310 140 170
Cebuano 85 40 50 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 40 20 25 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 200 80 115 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 95 50 50 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 635 290 345
Pangasinan 15 5 10 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,370 1,480 1,890 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 100 45 50 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 70 40 35 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 9,735 4,735 5,005 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 10 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 215 100 115 1,750 905 845
Tamil 9,370 4,540 4,825 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 135 75 60 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 10,590 5,260 5,330 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 15 10 5 1,090 560 530
Armenian 140 65 75 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 540 265 275 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 5 0 0 645 280 370
Latvian 5 0 0 320 145 175
Lithuanian 5 5 0 325 130 200
Slavic languages 535 265 270 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 15 10 10 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 20 15 5 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 170 90 75 250 120 135
Polish 120 60 60 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 35 15 20 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 30 15 15 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 0 0 5 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 95 35 60 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 215 100 115 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,435 730 705
Danish 5 0 5 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 35 10 20 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 170 80 90 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 0 0 835 410 430
Swedish 0 0 0 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 470 210 265 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 7,960 3,995 3,960 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 7,260 3,665 3,595 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 455 225 225 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,145 1,085 1,060 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 640 340 300 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 45 25 20 225 110 110
Marathi 65 35 30 535 280 255
Nepali 15 10 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 860 455 405 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 120 55 65 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 230 105 125 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,665 1,325 1,345 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 665 315 350 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,650 875 780
Pashto 180 85 95 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 460 215 245 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,250 620 630 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 410 210 200 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 165 90 80 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 55 25 30 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 615 300 315 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 85 30 55 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 165 75 90 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 10 5 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 205 100 105 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 65 35 25 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 10 0 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 20 10 10 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 35 10 25 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 35 20 15 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 30 15 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 38,810 18,375 20,435 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 38,765 18,350 20,415 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 23,710 11,085 12,625 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 810 355 455 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 12,240 5,975 6,265 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 135 65 65 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 875 425 455 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 280 130 150 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 710 315 400 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 25 20 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 30 15 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 0 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 0 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 25 10 10 800 405 400
Thai 10 0 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 55 25 30 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 35 20 20 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 95 40 55 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 15 5 15 455 195 260
Finnish 20 10 10 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 65 30 30 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,255 2,080 2,170 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 115 45 65 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 3,985 1,965 2,020 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 80 35 45 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 80 35 45 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 98,365 47,655 50,715 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 86,710 41,965 44,750 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 37,610 18,635 18,975 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 37,420 18,550 18,870 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 185 80 105 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 49,105 23,335 25,770 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,105 23,335 25,770 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 505 240 260 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 55 25 30 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 80 40 35
Somali 45 20 25 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 445 220 225 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 35 15 15 535 250 290
Arabic 390 195 200 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 15 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 5 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 230 105 125 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 225 100 125 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,840 815 1,025 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 25 15 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 60 25 35 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 20 10 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,705 760 950 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 75 40 40 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 30 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 7,265 3,460 3,805 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 5 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 115 55 60 885 450 435
Tamil 7,080 3,360 3,720 1,935 965 965
Telugu 65 35 30 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 6,145 3,035 3,110 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 10 5 5 530 255 270
Armenian 95 45 50 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 300 145 155 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 295 140 155 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 10 5 0 925 425 495
Croatian 5 5 5 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 5 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 95 45 45 120 60 60
Polish 55 30 25 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 15 10 10 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 15 10 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 0 0 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 80 30 50 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 20 5 15 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 0 0 0 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 15 5 10 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 230 110 125 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 4,905 2,445 2,465 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 4,480 2,240 2,245 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 260 135 130 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,435 725 710 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 425 215 210 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 15 10 10 245 125 120
Nepali 20 10 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 490 255 235 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 45 15 30 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 60 595 290 305
Urdu 1,675 815 855 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 425 205 220 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 15 5 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 115 60 55 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 295 145 160 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 580 285 295 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 165 70 95 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 70 35 30 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 20 10 5 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 325 165 165 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 30 15 15 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 115 55 60 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 65 30 30 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 25 15 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 5 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 5 0 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 5 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 10 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 50 30 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 10 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 25 15 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 32,715 15,475 17,240 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 32,690 15,460 17,225 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 20,275 9,360 10,920 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 440 200 235 670 280 390
Mandarin 10,875 5,390 5,490 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 45 20 25 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 390 190 195 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 160 75 85 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 505 225 275 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 5 10 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 5 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 30 10 20 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 15 10 10 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 30 15 15 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 25 10 15 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 11,655 5,685 5,970 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 135 50 85 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 11,310 5,550 5,760 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 50 15 30 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 160 65 95 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 98,365 47,655 50,715 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 71,275 34,320 36,950 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 14,015 6,990 7,030 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 325 135 190 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 12,345 6,015 6,330 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 10 0 5 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 12,340 6,010 6,325 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 50 30 25 965 435 530
English and non-official language 290 140 150 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 55 25 35 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 82,980 39,810 43,170 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 78,170 37,515 40,655 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 21,067 22,377 19,908 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 78,175 37,520 40,660 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 20,507 21,609 19,488 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,835 32,200 32,635 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 21,015 23,660 18,817 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,620 28,675 33,940 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,228 1,304 4,585 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,805 27,045 25,760 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,882 25,839 22,247 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 82,740 39,700 43,040 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,855 37,370 40,485 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,770 32,165 27,558 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,875 37,380 40,495 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,492 28,248 24,872 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,860 32,175 32,680 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,611 32,746 26,525 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,410 28,465 33,950 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,365 5,213 7,330 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,740 27,060 25,680 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,367 34,048 28,542 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 82,745 39,705 43,040 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 21,510 11,905 9,600 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 42,459 44,744 40,068 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 47,935 50,035 45,330 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.8 87.4 78.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 76.3 66.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.2 12.6 22.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 82,980 39,810 43,170 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,815 2,295 2,520 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 78,165 37,515 40,650 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.2 94.2 94.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,640 8,215 9,425 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 19,990 9,020 10,970 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 11,685 5,240 6,450 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,445 3,920 4,530 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,440 3,225 3,215 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 4,435 2,320 2,120 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 3,020 1,660 1,355 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 2,015 1,200 820 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 1,410 825 580 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,080 615 460 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 2,015 1,275 740 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 1,650 1,035 610 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 365 235 125 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 82,980 39,810 43,170 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,805 2,295 2,510 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 78,175 37,515 40,660 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.2 94.2 94.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,785 8,265 9,520 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 20,560 9,320 11,240 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 13,145 5,935 7,210 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,500 4,565 4,935 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 6,810 3,465 3,350 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 4,175 2,255 1,920 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 2,465 1,445 1,015 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 1,610 935 680 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 2,130 1,330 795 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 930 540 385 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 510 345 160 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 695 450 245 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 82,980 39,810 43,170 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 30,175 12,765 17,410 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 52,805 27,045 25,760 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 63.6 67.9 59.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,570 3,540 4,030 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,950 2,825 3,130 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 9,875 5,060 4,815 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,455 3,480 3,970 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,995 3,080 2,915 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 4,860 2,580 2,280 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 3,505 1,920 1,585 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 2,410 1,355 1,060 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 1,585 955 635 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 3,595 2,250 1,340 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,150 705 440 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 915 515 400 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 1,535 1,030 500 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 29,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,513 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,161 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,850 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,632 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,849 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,565 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,367 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,679 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 29,345 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,984 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,303 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,865 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,588 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,484 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,480 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,956 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,733 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 29,410 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 480 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 340 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 535 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,085 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 950 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,460 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,350 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,435 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,375 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,400 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,700 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,470 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,160 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,910 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,620 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,155 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,170 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,995 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,985 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,005 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 29,410 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 505 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 335 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 545 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,105 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,015 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,535 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,490 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,575 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,580 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,590 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,080 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,750 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,370 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,995 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,690 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,245 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,935 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,590 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,725 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 25,535 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,600 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 63,360 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 5,235 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 49,952 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 47,114 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,390 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 80,968 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 74,736 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.3 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,710 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,676 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,587 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 25,400 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,221 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,199 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 5,175 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,001 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 56,888 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,360 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,022 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 83,768 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,665 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,127 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,003 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 8,505 4,250 4,260 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 18,773 17,734 20,073 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 18,516 17,609 19,694 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 8,505 4,260 4,250 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 26,972 24,313 29,634 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 23,964 21,492 26,440 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 97,870 47,455 50,410 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 64,050 31,010 33,040 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 14,420 7,205 7,215 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 16,000 7,650 8,345 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 13,230 6,320 6,915 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 10,950 5,295 5,650 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,450 4,540 4,915 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 33,820 16,445 17,370 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 8,445 4,145 4,305 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 8,120 3,900 4,220 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 7,250 3,495 3,750 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 6,250 3,030 3,215 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 3,755 1,875 1,880 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 97,870 47,460 50,410 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 18,340 9,365 8,975 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 5,980 3,065 2,920 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 63,405 30,635 32,770 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,125 7,460 8,665 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,235 9,810 10,420 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 5,250 2,730 2,520 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,875 975 905 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 11,970 5,745 6,225 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,010 1,345 1,675 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.7 20.7 20.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 28.6 29.2 28.1 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 31.4 31.8 31.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.9 18.8 19.0 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 18.7 18.0 19.3 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 17,105 8,445 8,660 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 4,220 2,195 2,025 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,610 840 775 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 11,120 5,515 5,610 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,765 740 1,030 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.5 17.8 17.2 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 23.0 23.4 22.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 26.9 27.4 26.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 17.5 18.0 17.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 10.9 9.9 11.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 97,610 47,380 50,230 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 81,060 40,005 41,055 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 81,020 39,990 41,025 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 3,885 1,710 2,180 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 75,035 36,155 38,875 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 45 15 30 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 45 15 25 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 25 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 45 20 30 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 74,990 36,140 38,850 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,230 615 615 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 100 35 60 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 85 25 60 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,165 590 570 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 100 40 60 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,030 525 510 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 20 10 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 20 20 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 10 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 595 305 290 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 580 300 275 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 5,155 2,250 2,910 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 35 20 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 85 45 45 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 45 25 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 260 100 155 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 255 120 135 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30 775 350 430
Pangasinan 15 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,820 2,095 2,725 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 320 140 180 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 40 10 25 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 135 60 75 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 150 70 75 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 12,545 6,025 6,525 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 45 25 15 445 210 235
Malayalam 315 140 180 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 12,080 5,795 6,285 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 185 100 85 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 13,715 6,955 6,760 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 10 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 150 50 100 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 540 280 255 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 10 0 10 635 310 325
Latvian 0 0 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 10 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 535 280 255 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 25 10 10 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 55 25 30 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 15 10 10 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 165 85 80 345 180 160
Polish 105 50 50 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 90 55 40 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 35 25 15 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 0 0 0 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 20 725 330 400
Ukrainian 35 20 15 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 0 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 345 190 160 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 20 10 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 15 0 15 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 30 30 0 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 10 0 120 55 65
German 290 155 135 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 0 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 0 0 0 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 460 200 260 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 10,590 5,515 5,075 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 10,100 5,235 4,865 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 695 360 335 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,805 1,495 1,310 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,335 1,765 1,575 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 95 50 45 375 185 190
Marathi 145 75 75 1,275 650 625
Nepali 45 25 20 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,575 830 740 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 155 75 85 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 565 260 305 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,745 1,910 1,835 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 595 325 270 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 10 10 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 200 120 85 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 450 245 205 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 1,795 815 975 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 550 265 285 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 205 90 115 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 80 25 50 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 995 445 550 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 190 90 95 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 200 95 110 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 45 25 20 320 155 170
Mongolian 40 25 15 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 455 215 245 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 95 50 40 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 20 10 10 105 60 45
Igbo 20 15 10 240 140 95
Lingala 15 10 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 175 75 100 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 105 40 65 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 90 50 40 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 30 10 15 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 42,210 20,310 21,905 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 42,175 20,280 21,895 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 27,440 12,860 14,585 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 865 390 465 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 19,230 9,375 9,860 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 110 50 60 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 870 430 440 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 255 115 140 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 625 265 360 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 55 35 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 30 20 15 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 15 10 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 30 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 20 10 15 1,125 505 620
Thai 25 10 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 70 45 25 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 10 835 455 385
Turkish 20 15 10 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 20 10 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 25 15 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 115 45 70 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 45 15 30 495 205 295
Finnish 20 10 15 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 50 20 25 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 97,610 47,380 50,230 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 80,235 38,810 41,420 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,575 8,480 8,090 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 63,655 30,325 33,330 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,380 8,570 8,805 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 97,610 47,380 50,235 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 29,325 15,045 14,280 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 65,080 30,580 34,495 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 10,350 4,815 5,540 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 10,410 5,045 5,365 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 18,240 8,510 9,730 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 18,970 8,870 10,100 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 9,810 4,585 5,225 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 9,155 4,280 4,875 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,110 3,340 3,770 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,210 1,755 1,450 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 65,080 30,580 34,495 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,540 1,835 1,700 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 7,880 4,070 3,810 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 14,010 6,485 7,520 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 29,515 13,650 15,860 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 10,140 4,540 5,600 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 65,080 30,580 34,500 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 7,115 3,110 4,005 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 10 0 0 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 50 30 25 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 95 50 45 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,020 910 1,110 920 415 500
Haiti 45 10 35 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,145 890 1,255 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 45 20 25 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 90 45 45 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,095 485 615 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 370 190 180 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,155 485 670 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 2,160 970 1,195 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 10 10 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 20 10 10 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 30 10 20 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 160 90 75 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 285 120 165 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 45 15 25 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 15 10 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 345 160 185 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 25 20 0 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 80 35 40 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 110 45 65 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 70 25 45 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 15 10 0 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 25 20 0 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 20 10 10 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 590 240 350 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 315 145 170 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,680 805 870 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 205 80 125 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 120 50 65 1,665 835 825
Kenya 255 90 160 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 15 10 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 125 70 60 1,205 630 575
Somalia 65 25 45 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 55 25 30 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 835 455 385 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 54,080 25,675 28,405 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 250 120 130 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 495 245 250 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 22,600 10,700 11,900 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 6,355 2,980 3,370 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 5,035 2,510 2,525 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 135 75 60 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 140 60 75 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 85 40 45 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 145 60 85 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 105 55 50 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,845 930 915 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 4,895 2,165 2,730 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 8,490 4,105 4,380 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 70 35 35 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 360 140 220 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,390 650 740 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,695 790 895 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 45 20 20 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,110 3,340 3,765 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 295 165 130 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 10 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 105 60 45 160 115 45
Mexico 10 10 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 65 45 20 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 110 50 65 1,855 875 975
Europe 55 0 55 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0