Census Profile, 2016 Census
Scarborough Southwest [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Scarborough Southwest
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Scarborough Southwest [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Scarborough Southwest [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 110,278 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 106,733 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 43,158 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 41,451 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,944.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 27.96 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 110,275 53,215 57,065 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 18,675 9,495 9,180 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,165 3,190 2,975 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 6,325 3,195 3,135 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 6,185 3,110 3,075 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 75,105 36,700 38,405 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 6,740 3,530 3,210 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 6,990 3,625 3,365 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,640 3,225 3,410 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 7,105 3,330 3,775 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 7,265 3,355 3,910 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,515 3,475 4,045 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 8,315 4,070 4,245 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 9,350 4,650 4,700 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,375 4,110 4,260 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,810 3,330 3,485 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 16,500 7,025 9,475 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,345 2,530 2,810 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,515 1,570 1,945 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,660 1,125 1,540 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,280 915 1,365 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,700 885 1,820 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,540 580 960 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 900 245 660 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 235 55 175 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 30 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.9 17.8 16.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.1 69.0 67.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.0 13.2 16.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.5 39.3 41.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.2 40.1 42.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 41,450 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 14,750 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 14,000 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,695 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,370 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,100 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,280 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,605 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 345 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 41,450 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 11,595 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 11,395 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,305 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 6,755 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,395 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 108,130 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 91,605 43,720 47,880 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 46,660 23,345 23,315 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 40,745 20,420 20,325 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 5,920 2,930 2,990 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 44,945 20,375 24,565 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 30,000 15,600 14,400 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,050 1,235 1,815 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,335 2,465 3,875 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,555 1,075 4,480 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 29,485 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 12,570 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 7,505 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 6,750 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,665 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 29,490 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 22,335 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 19,375 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,955 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,155 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 6,080 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,075 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,335 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 8,175 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 14,160 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,565 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 6,145 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,450 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,150 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 4,395 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,945 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 815 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,305 9,340 9,965 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 41,450 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,660 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,210 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,450 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,375 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,420 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 11,600 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,820 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 108,685 52,600 56,080 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 98,130 48,240 49,885 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 135 65 75 1,110 530 580
English and French 7,135 3,075 4,060 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 3,280 1,220 2,060 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 108,685 52,600 56,085 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 103,185 50,360 52,825 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,425 650 770 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 860 400 465 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 3,210 1,185 2,025 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,855 855 1,005 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 108,685 52,600 56,085 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 103,995 50,360 53,635 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 61,930 30,280 31,655 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 60,645 29,700 30,940 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,290 575 715 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 42,060 20,085 21,980 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15 10 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 5 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 42,040 20,070 21,970 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,785 1,350 1,435 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 440 210 225 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 95 60 40 165 95 75
Somali 340 155 185 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,335 1,130 1,210 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 920 410 505 1,140 560 585
Arabic 755 405 350 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 160 75 90 25 10 15
Hebrew 15 5 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 20 5 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 445 210 230 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 185 235 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 415 180 235 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 6,075 2,515 3,560 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 260 105 150 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 120 45 70 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 380 155 220 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 45 20 25 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 635 290 345
Pangasinan 20 15 15 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,150 2,130 3,020 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 830 360 470
Creole languages 145 60 85 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 100 40 60 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 3,560 1,775 1,785 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 25 15 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 235 125 105 1,750 905 845
Tamil 2,950 1,445 1,510 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 350 190 160 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 22,095 10,935 11,160 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 280 145 140 1,090 560 530
Armenian 90 50 40 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,370 1,085 1,285 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 50 25 25 645 280 370
Latvian 40 20 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 5 0 0 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,320 1,060 1,265 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 25 15 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 165 85 85 1,725 805 915
Croatian 85 35 45 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 75 40 35 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 690 320 370 250 120 135
Polish 450 205 250 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 380 150 230 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 185 90 90 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 15 1,145 545 600
Slovak 50 25 25 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 135 60 75 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 770 350 420 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 5 0 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 10 10 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 105 50 55 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 590 265 330 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 20 15 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,425 715 715 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 13,765 7,000 6,760 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 12,175 6,175 6,000 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 8,215 4,135 4,080 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 305 150 150 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 495 275 220 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 35 20 15 225 110 110
Marathi 45 30 15 535 280 255
Nepali 310 160 150 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 30 15 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 235 200 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 110 45 65 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 95 95 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,005 1,010 995 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,550 805 745 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 105 65 45 1,650 875 780
Pashto 180 80 100 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,265 660 605 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,385 1,585 1,795 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,330 640 690 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 510 220 290 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 265 120 145 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,280 605 670 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 190 55 140 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 240 100 140 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 10 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 520 260 260 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 75 40 35 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 15 5 10 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 20 10 10 65 35 30
Igbo 20 10 10 160 90 65
Lingala 45 25 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 15 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 120 55 65 585 285 295
Wolof 15 10 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 40 25 15 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 0 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,175 2,420 2,760 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 5,025 2,340 2,680 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,820 1,315 1,510 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 90 45 50 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,780 830 945 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 35 45 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 80 95 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 75 80 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 30 10 20 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 110 60 45 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 30 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 5 5 800 405 400
Thai 45 15 25 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 195 115 80 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 150 90 55 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 15 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 530 250 275 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 80 35 45 455 195 260
Finnish 55 25 30 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 395 190 205 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,690 2,235 2,450 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 280 135 145 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 4,175 1,995 2,185 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 140 65 75 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 100 45 55 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 108,680 52,600 56,085 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 97,685 47,330 50,350 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 72,780 35,485 37,295 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 72,160 35,190 36,970 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 620 295 320 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 24,905 11,850 13,060 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 24,900 11,845 13,055 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,575 700 875 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 205 75 130 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 55 30 25 80 40 35
Somali 155 50 105 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,370 630 740 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 545 240 300 535 250 290
Arabic 455 220 235 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 100 45 55 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 250 110 140 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 255 115 135 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 250 115 135 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,800 1,215 1,590 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 125 55 65 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 30 15 20 355 150 205
Ilocano 145 70 70 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,470 1,055 1,415 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 70 25 40 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 30 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 2,615 1,280 1,340 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 5 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 150 80 70 885 450 435
Tamil 2,245 1,085 1,160 1,935 965 965
Telugu 220 110 110 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 13,005 6,355 6,650 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 150 75 75 530 255 270
Armenian 45 20 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,115 530 590 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,105 525 580 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 15 5 10 540 270 270
Bulgarian 115 60 60 925 425 495
Croatian 15 10 10 1,795 840 955
Czech 25 15 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 345 165 180 120 60 60
Polish 230 110 120 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 195 90 100 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 80 40 40 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 435 205 235
Slovak 25 10 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 35 10 25 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 70 35 35 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 5 0 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 65 35 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 735 345 395 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 9,425 4,690 4,730 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 8,390 4,185 4,205 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 5,955 2,945 3,005 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 155 80 80 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 265 145 120 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 20 10 5 245 125 120
Nepali 190 100 95 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 10 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 125 120 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 60 25 35 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 55 595 290 305
Urdu 1,360 680 675 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,025 505 520 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 45 20 20 1,025 515 505
Pashto 105 45 60 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 875 430 440 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,465 655 805 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 5 0 60 30 35
Italian 545 240 305 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 185 80 105 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 135 60 70 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 595 270 325 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 90 30 60 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 150 70 80 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 160 70 95 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 30 10 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 5 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 40 15 25 155 60 90
Wolof 10 10 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 10 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 35 20 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,745 1,750 1,995 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 3,655 1,710 1,950 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 2,025 925 1,100 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 50 25 30 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,390 670 720 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 25 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 20 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 50 55 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 45 45 1,630 820 810
Burmese 20 5 15 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 65 35 35 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 5 335 160 175
Thai 20 10 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 120 65 50 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 185 95 90
Turkish 95 55 40 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 10 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 240 120 115 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 10 10 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 210 105 100 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 11,000 5,270 5,730 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 305 135 170 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 10,375 4,985 5,385 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 75 35 35 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 235 105 135 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 108,685 52,595 56,085 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 85,005 41,205 43,805 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 10,820 5,300 5,525 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 910 385 525 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 11,565 5,530 6,035 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 15 10 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 11,545 5,525 6,020 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 50 25 25 965 435 530
English and non-official language 200 105 95 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 125 40 80 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,500 42,920 46,580 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,425 40,470 43,955 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,549 28,455 25,226 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,445 40,475 43,970 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,108 26,502 24,033 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,940 34,460 35,480 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,694 30,804 24,940 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,055 28,725 35,330 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,179 1,692 6,182 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 58,895 29,750 29,150 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,390 32,439 28,243 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 89,655 43,010 46,645 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,585 40,625 43,960 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,546 41,991 35,362 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,600 40,635 43,965 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,521 34,739 30,472 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,855 34,360 35,495 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,891 44,390 35,536 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,150 28,845 35,305 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,385 6,262 8,302 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,020 29,875 29,145 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,361 44,989 37,642 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 89,660 43,010 46,645 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 26,135 14,240 11,895 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,972 52,075 50,124 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,805 66,173 58,773 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.5 89.4 81.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 78.1 70.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.5 10.6 18.9 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 89,505 42,925 46,580 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 5,075 2,450 2,620 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 84,430 40,470 43,960 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.3 94.3 94.4 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,585 7,685 7,900 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 17,890 7,815 10,075 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 12,390 5,460 6,930 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,995 4,155 4,845 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 7,655 3,735 3,920 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,605 2,685 2,925 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,290 2,220 2,075 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,205 1,770 1,435 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,275 1,225 1,050 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,925 990 935 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 4,610 2,740 1,875 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,205 1,820 1,380 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,405 920 490 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 89,500 42,920 46,580 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 5,055 2,445 2,610 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 84,450 40,475 43,970 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.4 94.3 94.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,820 7,765 8,050 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 18,480 8,105 10,380 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 13,985 6,255 7,725 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,680 5,085 5,595 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,475 4,070 4,410 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 5,825 2,925 2,900 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 3,830 2,130 1,695 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,730 1,405 1,325 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 4,620 2,730 1,885 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,750 940 805 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 855 515 345 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 2,010 1,275 740 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 89,505 42,925 46,585 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 30,605 13,170 17,435 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 58,900 29,750 29,145 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 65.8 69.3 62.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,205 3,920 4,285 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,220 2,450 2,775 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,745 4,355 4,390 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,965 3,325 3,640 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,180 3,105 3,075 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,755 2,845 2,910 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,390 2,180 2,210 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,395 1,795 1,595 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,625 1,530 1,095 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 7,420 4,255 3,165 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,880 1,050 825 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740 885 860 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,805 2,320 1,485 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 41,450 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,141 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,383 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,595 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,968 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,195 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,855 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,044 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,306 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 41,500 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,561 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,296 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,615 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,879 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,071 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,880 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,987 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,213 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 41,450 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 775 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,155 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,790 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,180 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,090 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,000 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,980 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,940 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,000 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,790 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,290 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,840 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,520 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,195 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,980 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,920 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,765 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,485 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,670 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,000 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 41,450 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 815 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,165 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,810 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,235 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,260 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,240 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,200 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,285 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,245 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,110 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,765 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,180 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,690 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,385 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,890 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,185 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,535 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,015 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,640 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,705 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,421 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,586 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,990 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,722 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,121 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,140 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,078 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 81,428 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,565 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,010 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,335 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,755 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,852 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,929 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,990 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,549 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,271 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,215 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,080 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,168 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,520 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,846 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,562 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,895 8,100 7,790 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,756 22,710 26,747 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,659 21,914 25,289 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,885 8,235 7,655 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,346 34,068 36,720 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,319 29,053 31,681 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 108,135 52,390 55,740 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 64,900 31,215 33,690 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 17,920 8,940 8,980 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 14,915 6,880 8,030 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 11,850 5,650 6,200 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 10,565 5,065 5,500 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,655 4,680 4,980 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 43,225 21,175 22,055 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 9,505 4,595 4,915 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 8,795 4,270 4,525 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 8,805 4,295 4,515 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 8,595 4,230 4,365 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 7,530 3,795 3,730 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 108,130 52,390 55,740 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 22,575 11,530 11,050 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 7,400 3,785 3,610 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 70,660 34,270 36,395 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 14,895 6,595 8,300 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 25,495 12,250 13,240 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 7,440 3,770 3,670 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,590 1,320 1,265 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 15,335 7,370 7,970 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,715 1,115 1,605 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 23.6 23.4 23.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 33.0 32.7 33.2 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 35.0 34.9 35.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 21.7 21.5 21.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 18.2 16.9 19.3 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,045 10,395 10,645 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,830 2,995 2,830 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,090 1,080 1,010 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 13,360 6,660 6,700 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,855 745 1,115 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 19.5 19.8 19.1 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 25.8 26.0 25.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 28.2 28.5 28.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.9 19.4 18.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 12.5 11.3 13.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 108,290 52,425 55,870 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 105,000 51,175 53,830 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 104,890 51,120 53,770 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 7,270 2,970 4,290 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 51,965 24,910 27,055 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 30 20 15 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 20 15 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 15 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 10 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,930 24,890 27,045 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,520 1,785 1,735 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 545 230 310 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 70 40 30 190 110 80
Somali 475 195 285 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,095 1,610 1,490 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,300 625 680 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,255 690 570 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 210 120 85 55 35 20
Hebrew 35 10 30 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 625 300 330 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 505 230 275 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 495 235 265 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 8,040 3,425 4,615 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 15 10 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 315 130 180 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 135 60 75 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 675 295 375 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 135 60 75 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 25 45 775 350 430
Pangasinan 15 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,650 3,260 4,385 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 405 145 260 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 270 95 175 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 35 75 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 4,820 2,350 2,465 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 90 55 35 445 210 235
Malayalam 420 225 190 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 4,025 1,925 2,105 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 385 195 190 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 27,880 13,885 13,995 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 385 175 210 1,135 580 555
Armenian 100 45 60 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,780 1,320 1,455 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 40 20 20 635 310 325
Latvian 25 15 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 15 0 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,750 1,310 1,445 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 35 20 20 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 180 85 100 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 120 70 50 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 90 35 60 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 765 375 390 345 180 160
Polish 570 250 320 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 710 320 385 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 240 140 105 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 60 25 35 1,240 595 645
Slovak 25 10 15 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 25 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 180 70 115 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 40 25 15 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 350 225 120
Welsh 0 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,095 580 515 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 0 0 0 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 25 10 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 170 95 75 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 0 120 55 65
German 870 460 410 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 20 0 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 30 20 10 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,080 1,025 1,060 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 17,335 8,795 8,540 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 15,700 7,950 7,750 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 9,855 4,990 4,860 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 560 305 250 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,935 1,545 1,395 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 50 25 30 375 185 190
Marathi 95 50 50 1,275 650 625
Nepali 455 245 210 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 40 15 25 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 885 485 400 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 200 95 105 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 365 185 175 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,365 1,590 1,775 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,755 895 860 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 120 65 55 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 330 160 170 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,480 765 715 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,780 2,270 2,505 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,765 855 905 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 695 340 355 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 315 140 175 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,160 1,005 1,155 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 410 170 245 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 90 50 40
Georgian 15 10 0 90 50 45
Korean 350 150 200 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 10 0 10 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 975 430 545 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 160 80 85 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 35 20 20 115 65 55
Ewe 15 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 0 15 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 20 0 20 105 60 45
Igbo 30 15 15 240 140 95
Lingala 145 65 80 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 25 10 210 95 115
Shona 20 10 10 265 125 140
Swahili 260 110 150 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 90 40 55 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 210 80 130 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 0 15 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 250 120 135
Sign languages 130 60 70 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 70 30 35 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,730 2,665 3,070 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 5,525 2,570 2,960 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 3,495 1,645 1,845 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 55 30 25 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,345 1,055 1,295 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 175 60 115 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 50 85 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 210 95 110 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 65 20 45 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 140 80 60 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 35 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 10 10 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 55 25 30 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 245 150 100 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 835 455 385
Turkish 180 115 65 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 40 25 20 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 580 305 280 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 80 40 35 495 205 295
Finnish 50 25 25 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 455 230 220 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 108,290 52,420 55,865 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 95,095 46,145 48,950 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,645 10,520 10,125 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,450 35,625 38,830 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,200 6,280 6,920 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 108,290 52,425 55,870 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 56,555 28,110 28,445 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 49,655 23,245 26,410 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 9,850 4,590 5,255 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 6,125 2,865 3,265 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 11,880 5,520 6,360 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 14,575 6,890 7,690 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 7,085 3,370 3,715 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 7,495 3,520 3,975 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,215 3,380 3,835 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,085 1,070 1,015 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 49,655 23,245 26,410 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,180 2,115 2,070 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 8,235 4,065 4,170 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 9,790 4,130 5,665 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 22,605 10,670 11,935 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 4,840 2,260 2,580 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 49,655 23,245 26,405 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 7,625 3,250 4,370 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 75 35 40 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 140 60 80 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 210 90 120 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,985 870 1,115 920 415 500
Haiti 145 55 90 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,690 645 1,045 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 120 45 75 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 35 15 15 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,140 520 620 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 725 350 380 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,360 565 795 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 8,125 3,845 4,280 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 50 45 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 85 35 50 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 90 45 45 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 395 215 180 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,125 505 620 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 185 75 110 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 265 150 115 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 945 470 475 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 130 55 70 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 410 195 220 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 340 160 180 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 315 135 180 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 195 85 110 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 120 80 35 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 125 60 70 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,980 895 1,085 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,320 625 695 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 3,625 1,735 1,890 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 175 105 65 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 1,145 580 565 1,665 835 825
Kenya 105 40 65 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 70 35 40 730 385 340
Nigeria 170 60 110 1,205 630 575
Somalia 305 105 200 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 100 40 55 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,545 755 790 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 30,185 14,365 15,820 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 765 410 355 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 7,585 3,795 3,790 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,850 1,280 1,570 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 745 350 395 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,315 1,200 1,115 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 360 205 155 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 160 90 65 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 200 55 145 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 195 85 110 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 120 75 45 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,970 970 1,000 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 7,635 3,300 4,340 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 2,795 1,360 1,435 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 65 35 35 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 75 35 35 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 685 305 380 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,665 815 850 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 100 50 50 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,220 3,385 3,835 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 520 230 290 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 15 10 0 960 445 520
Colombia 35 20 15 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 55 25 35 15 0 10
Jamaica 65 20 45 160 115 45
Mexico 10 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 70 45 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 220 85 140 1,855 875 975
Europe 305 140 170 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 0 15 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 15 20 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90