Census Profile, 2016 Census
Scarborough Southwest [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Scarborough Southwest
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Scarborough Southwest [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Scarborough Southwest [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 110,278 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 106,733 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 43,158 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 41,451 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,944.8 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 27.96 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 110,275 53,215 57,065 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 18,675 9,495 9,180 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,165 3,190 2,975 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,325 3,195 3,135 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 6,185 3,110 3,075 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 75,105 36,700 38,405 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,740 3,530 3,210 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 6,990 3,625 3,365 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 6,640 3,225 3,410 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,105 3,330 3,775 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 7,265 3,355 3,910 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,515 3,475 4,045 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 8,315 4,070 4,245 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 9,350 4,650 4,700 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,375 4,110 4,260 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,810 3,330 3,485 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 16,500 7,025 9,475 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,345 2,530 2,810 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,515 1,570 1,945 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,660 1,125 1,540 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,280 915 1,365 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 2,700 885 1,820 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,540 580 960 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 900 245 660 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 235 55 175 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 30 5 20 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.9 17.8 16.1 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.1 69.0 67.3 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.0 13.2 16.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.2 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.5 39.3 41.6 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.2 40.1 42.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 41,450 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 14,750 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 14,000 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,695 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,370 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 2,100 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,280 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,605 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 345 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 41,450 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 11,595 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 11,395 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 7,305 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 6,755 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,395 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 108,130 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 91,605 43,720 47,880 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 46,660 23,345 23,315 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 40,745 20,420 20,325 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 5,920 2,930 2,990 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 44,945 20,375 24,565 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 30,000 15,600 14,400 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,050 1,235 1,815 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,335 2,465 3,875 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 5,555 1,075 4,480 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 29,485 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 12,570 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 7,505 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 6,750 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,665 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 29,490 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 22,335 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 19,375 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,955 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,155 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 6,080 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,075 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,335 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 8,175 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 14,160 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 5,565 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 6,145 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 2,450 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,150 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 4,395 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,945 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 815 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,305 9,340 9,965 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 41,450 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,660 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,210 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,450 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,375 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,420 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 11,600 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,820 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 108,685 52,600 56,080 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 98,130 48,240 49,885 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 135 65 75 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 7,135 3,075 4,060 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 3,280 1,220 2,060 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 108,685 52,600 56,085 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 103,185 50,360 52,825 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,425 650 770 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 860 400 465 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 3,210 1,185 2,025 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,855 855 1,005 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 108,685 52,600 56,085 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 103,995 50,360 53,635 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 61,930 30,280 31,655 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 60,645 29,700 30,940 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,290 575 715 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 42,060 20,085 21,980 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 15 10 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 5 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 5 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 42,040 20,070 21,970 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,785 1,350 1,435 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 440 210 225 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 95 60 40 1,445 720 730
Somali 340 155 185 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,335 1,130 1,210 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 920 410 505 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 755 405 350 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 160 75 90 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 15 5 10 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 20 5 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 445 210 230 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 185 235 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 415 180 235 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 6,075 2,515 3,560 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 260 105 150 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 0 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 120 45 70 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 380 155 220 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 45 20 25 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 20 15 15 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,150 2,130 3,020 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 145 60 85 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 100 40 60 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 3,560 1,775 1,785 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 25 15 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 235 125 105 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 2,950 1,445 1,510 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 350 190 160 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 22,095 10,935 11,160 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 280 145 140 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 90 50 40 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 2,370 1,085 1,285 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 50 25 25 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 40 20 20 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 5 0 0 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 2,320 1,060 1,265 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 25 15 10 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 165 85 85 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 85 35 45 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 75 40 35 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 690 320 370 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 450 205 250 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 380 150 230 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 185 90 90 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 15 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 50 25 25 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 20 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 135 60 75 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 0 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 770 350 420 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 5 5 0 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 25 10 10 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 105 50 55 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 590 265 330 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 20 15 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,425 715 715 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 13,765 7,000 6,760 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 12,175 6,175 6,000 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 8,215 4,135 4,080 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 305 150 150 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 495 275 220 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 10 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 35 20 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 45 30 15 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 310 160 150 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 30 15 10 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 235 200 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 110 45 65 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 95 95 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,005 1,010 995 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,550 805 745 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 105 65 45 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 180 80 100 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,265 660 605 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 3,385 1,585 1,795 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,330 640 690 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 510 220 290 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 265 120 145 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,280 605 670 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 190 55 140 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 240 100 140 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 10 0 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 520 260 260 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 75 40 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 15 5 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 5 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 20 10 10 760 360 400
Igbo 20 10 10 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 45 25 15 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 15 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 120 55 65 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 15 10 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 40 25 15 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 15 10 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 0 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,175 2,420 2,760 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 5,025 2,340 2,680 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 2,820 1,315 1,510 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 90 45 50 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,780 830 945 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 35 45 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 80 95 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 75 80 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 30 10 20 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 110 60 45 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 30 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 10 5 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 45 15 25 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 195 115 80 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 150 90 55 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 15 15 10 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 530 250 275 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 80 35 45 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 55 25 30 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 395 190 205 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 4,690 2,235 2,450 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 280 135 145 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,175 1,995 2,185 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 140 65 75 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 100 45 55 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 108,680 52,600 56,085 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 97,685 47,330 50,350 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 72,780 35,485 37,295 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 72,160 35,190 36,970 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 620 295 320 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 24,905 11,850 13,060 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 24,900 11,845 13,055 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,575 700 875 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 205 75 130 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 55 30 25 805 380 425
Somali 155 50 105 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,370 630 740 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 545 240 300 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 455 220 235 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 100 45 55 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 0 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 250 110 140 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 255 115 135 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 250 115 135 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 2,800 1,215 1,590 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 125 55 65 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 30 15 20 910 385 530
Ilocano 145 70 70 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 10 5 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 0 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,470 1,055 1,415 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 70 25 40 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 30 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 2,615 1,280 1,340 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 5 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 150 80 70 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 2,245 1,085 1,160 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 220 110 110 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 13,005 6,355 6,650 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 150 75 75 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 45 20 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,115 530 590 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 10 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,105 525 580 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 15 5 10 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 115 60 60 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 15 10 10 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 25 15 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 345 165 180 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 230 110 120 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 195 90 100 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 80 40 40 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 25 10 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 35 10 25 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 70 35 35 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 5 0 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 65 35 30 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 735 345 395 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 9,425 4,690 4,730 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 8,390 4,185 4,205 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 5,955 2,945 3,005 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 155 80 80 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 265 145 120 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 20 10 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 190 100 95 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 10 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 125 120 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 60 25 35 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 55 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,360 680 675 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,025 505 520 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 45 20 20 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 105 45 60 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 875 430 440 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,465 655 805 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 5 0 135 60 75
Italian 545 240 305 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 185 80 105 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 135 60 70 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 595 270 325 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 90 30 60 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 150 70 80 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 160 70 95 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 30 10 15 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 5 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 5 5 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 40 15 25 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 10 10 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 20 10 10 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 35 20 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 5 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,745 1,750 1,995 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 3,655 1,710 1,950 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 2,025 925 1,100 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 50 25 30 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,390 670 720 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 25 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 20 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 50 55 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 45 45 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 20 5 15 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 0 5 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 65 35 35 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 5 0 5 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 20 10 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 120 65 50 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 95 55 40 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 10 10 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 240 120 115 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 15 5 10 790 290 500
Finnish 10 10 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 210 105 100 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 11,000 5,270 5,730 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 305 135 170 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 10,375 4,985 5,385 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 75 35 35 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 235 105 135 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 108,685 52,595 56,085 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 85,005 41,205 43,805 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 10,820 5,300 5,525 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 910 385 525 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 11,565 5,530 6,035 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 15 10 10 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 11,545 5,525 6,020 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 50 25 25 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 200 105 95 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 125 40 80 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,500 42,920 46,580 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,425 40,470 43,955 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,549 28,455 25,226 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,445 40,475 43,970 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,108 26,502 24,033 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,940 34,460 35,480 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,694 30,804 24,940 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,055 28,725 35,330 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,179 1,692 6,182 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 58,895 29,750 29,150 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,390 32,439 28,243 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 89,655 43,010 46,645 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,585 40,625 43,960 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,546 41,991 35,362 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,600 40,635 43,965 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,521 34,739 30,472 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,855 34,360 35,495 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,891 44,390 35,536 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,150 28,845 35,305 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,385 6,262 8,302 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,020 29,875 29,145 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,361 44,989 37,642 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 89,660 43,010 46,645 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 26,135 14,240 11,895 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,972 52,075 50,124 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,805 66,173 58,773 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.5 89.4 81.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 78.1 70.4 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.5 10.6 18.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 89,505 42,925 46,580 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 5,075 2,450 2,620 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 84,430 40,470 43,960 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.3 94.3 94.4 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,585 7,685 7,900 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 17,890 7,815 10,075 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 12,390 5,460 6,930 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,995 4,155 4,845 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 7,655 3,735 3,920 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,605 2,685 2,925 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,290 2,220 2,075 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,205 1,770 1,435 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 2,275 1,225 1,050 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 1,925 990 935 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 4,610 2,740 1,875 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 3,205 1,820 1,380 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,405 920 490 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 89,500 42,920 46,580 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 5,055 2,445 2,610 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 84,450 40,475 43,970 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.4 94.3 94.4 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,820 7,765 8,050 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 18,480 8,105 10,380 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 13,985 6,255 7,725 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 10,680 5,085 5,595 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 8,475 4,070 4,410 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 5,825 2,925 2,900 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 3,830 2,130 1,695 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 2,730 1,405 1,325 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 4,620 2,730 1,885 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 1,750 940 805 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 855 515 345 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 2,010 1,275 740 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 89,505 42,925 46,585 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 30,605 13,170 17,435 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 58,900 29,750 29,145 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 65.8 69.3 62.6 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,205 3,920 4,285 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,220 2,450 2,775 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 8,745 4,355 4,390 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,965 3,325 3,640 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,180 3,105 3,075 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,755 2,845 2,910 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,390 2,180 2,210 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,395 1,795 1,595 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,625 1,530 1,095 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 7,420 4,255 3,165 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 1,880 1,050 825 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740 885 860 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 3,805 2,320 1,485 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 41,450 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,141 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,383 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,595 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,968 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,195 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,855 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,044 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,306 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 41,500 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,561 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,296 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,615 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,879 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,071 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,880 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,987 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,213 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 41,450 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 775 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,155 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,790 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,180 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,090 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,000 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,980 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,940 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,000 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,790 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,290 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,840 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,520 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,195 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,980 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,920 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,765 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,485 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,670 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,000 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 41,450 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 815 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,165 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,810 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,235 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,260 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,240 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,200 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,285 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,245 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,110 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,765 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,180 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,690 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,385 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,890 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,185 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,535 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,015 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,640 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,705 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,421 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,586 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,990 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,722 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,121 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,140 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,078 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 81,428 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,565 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,010 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,335 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,755 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,852 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,929 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,990 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,549 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,271 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,215 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,080 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,168 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,520 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,846 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,562 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,895 8,100 7,790 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,756 22,710 26,747 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,659 21,914 25,289 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,885 8,235 7,655 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,346 34,068 36,720 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,319 29,053 31,681 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 108,135 52,390 55,740 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 64,900 31,215 33,690 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 17,920 8,940 8,980 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 14,915 6,880 8,030 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 11,850 5,650 6,200 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 10,565 5,065 5,500 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 9,655 4,680 4,980 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 43,225 21,175 22,055 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 9,505 4,595 4,915 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 8,795 4,270 4,525 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 8,805 4,295 4,515 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 8,595 4,230 4,365 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 7,530 3,795 3,730 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 108,130 52,390 55,740 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 22,575 11,530 11,050 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,400 3,785 3,610 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 70,660 34,270 36,395 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 14,895 6,595 8,300 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 25,495 12,250 13,240 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 7,440 3,770 3,670 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 2,590 1,320 1,265 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 15,335 7,370 7,970 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,715 1,115 1,605 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 23.6 23.4 23.8 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 33.0 32.7 33.2 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 35.0 34.9 35.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 21.7 21.5 21.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 18.2 16.9 19.3 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,045 10,395 10,645 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 5,830 2,995 2,830 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,090 1,080 1,010 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 13,360 6,660 6,700 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,855 745 1,115 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 19.5 19.8 19.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 25.8 26.0 25.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 28.2 28.5 28.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 18.9 19.4 18.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 12.5 11.3 13.4 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 108,290 52,425 55,870 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 105,000 51,175 53,830 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 104,890 51,120 53,770 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 7,270 2,970 4,290 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 51,965 24,910 27,055 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 30 20 15 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 20 15 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 15 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 10 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,930 24,890 27,045 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,520 1,785 1,735 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 545 230 310 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 70 40 30 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 475 195 285 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,095 1,610 1,490 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 1,300 625 680 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,255 690 570 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 210 120 85 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 35 10 30 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 10 0 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 625 300 330 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 505 230 275 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 10 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 495 235 265 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 8,040 3,425 4,615 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 15 10 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 315 130 180 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 135 60 75 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 675 295 375 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 135 60 75 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 25 45 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 15 0 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,650 3,260 4,385 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 405 145 260 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 270 95 175 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 35 75 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 4,820 2,350 2,465 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 90 55 35 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 420 225 190 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 4,025 1,925 2,105 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 385 195 190 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 27,880 13,885 13,995 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 385 175 210 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 100 45 60 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 2,780 1,320 1,455 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 40 20 20 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 25 15 0 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 15 0 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 2,750 1,310 1,445 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 35 20 20 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 180 85 100 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 120 70 50 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 90 35 60 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 765 375 390 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 570 250 320 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 710 320 385 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 240 140 105 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 60 25 35 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 25 10 15 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 25 10 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 180 70 115 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 40 25 15 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 10 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,095 580 515 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 0 0 0 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 25 10 20 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 170 95 75 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 870 460 410 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 20 0 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 30 20 10 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,080 1,025 1,060 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 17,335 8,795 8,540 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 15,700 7,950 7,750 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 9,855 4,990 4,860 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 560 305 250 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,935 1,545 1,395 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 50 25 30 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 95 50 50 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 455 245 210 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 40 15 25 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 885 485 400 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 200 95 105 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 365 185 175 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 3,365 1,590 1,775 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,755 895 860 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 120 65 55 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 330 160 170 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,480 765 715 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 4,780 2,270 2,505 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 1,765 855 905 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 695 340 355 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 315 140 175 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,160 1,005 1,155 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 410 170 245 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 15 10 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 350 150 200 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 10 0 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 975 430 545 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 160 80 85 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 35 20 20 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 15 10 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 0 15 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 20 0 20 1,225 550 675
Igbo 30 15 15 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 145 65 80 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 25 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 20 10 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 260 110 150 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 90 40 55 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 210 80 130 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 0 15 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 130 60 70 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 70 30 35 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,730 2,665 3,070 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 5,525 2,570 2,960 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 3,495 1,645 1,845 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 55 30 25 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 2,345 1,055 1,295 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 175 60 115 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 20 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 50 85 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 210 95 110 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 65 20 45 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 140 80 60 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 35 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 10 10 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 55 25 30 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 245 150 100 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 180 115 65 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 40 25 20 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 915 450 465
Uralic languages 580 305 280 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 80 40 35 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 50 25 25 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 455 230 220 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 108,290 52,420 55,865 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 95,095 46,145 48,950 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,645 10,520 10,125 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,450 35,625 38,830 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,200 6,280 6,920 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 108,290 52,425 55,870 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 56,555 28,110 28,445 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 49,655 23,245 26,410 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 9,850 4,590 5,255 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 6,125 2,865 3,265 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 11,880 5,520 6,360 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 14,575 6,890 7,690 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 7,085 3,370 3,715 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 7,495 3,520 3,975 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,215 3,380 3,835 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,085 1,070 1,015 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 49,655 23,245 26,410 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,180 2,115 2,070 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 8,235 4,065 4,170 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 9,790 4,130 5,665 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 22,605 10,670 11,935 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 4,840 2,260 2,580 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 49,655 23,245 26,405 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 7,625 3,250 4,370 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 75 35 40 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 140 60 80 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 210 90 120 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,985 870 1,115 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 145 55 90 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,690 645 1,045 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 120 45 75 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 35 15 15 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,140 520 620 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 725 350 380 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,360 565 795 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 8,125 3,845 4,280 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 50 45 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 85 35 50 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 90 45 45 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 395 215 180 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,125 505 620 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 185 75 110 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 265 150 115 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 945 470 475 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 130 55 70 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 410 195 220 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 340 160 180 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 315 135 180 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 195 85 110 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 120 80 35 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 125 60 70 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,980 895 1,085 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,320 625 695 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 3,625 1,735 1,890 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 10 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 175 105 65 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 1,145 580 565 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 105 40 65 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 70 35 40 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 170 60 110 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 305 105 200 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 100 40 55 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,545 755 790 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 30,185 14,365 15,820 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 765 410 355 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 7,585 3,795 3,790 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,850 1,280 1,570 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 745 350 395 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 2,315 1,200 1,115 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 360 205 155 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 160 90 65 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 200 55 145 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 195 85 110 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 120 75 45 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 1,970 970 1,000 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 7,635 3,300 4,340 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 2,795 1,360 1,435 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 65 35 35 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 75 35 35 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 685 305 380 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 1,665 815 850 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 100 50 50 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,220 3,385 3,835 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 520 230 290 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 15 10 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 35 20 15 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 10 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 55 25 35 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 65 20 45 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 10 0 0 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 70 45 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 220 85 140 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 305 140 170 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 0 15 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 10 0 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 15 20 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480