Census Profile, 2016 Census
Simcoe--Grey [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Simcoe--Grey
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Simcoe--Grey [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Simcoe--Grey [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 129,944 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 116,307 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.7 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 61,293 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 51,086 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 69.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,863.34 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 129,945 64,200 65,740 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 20,060 10,175 9,885 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,235 3,115 3,120 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,850 3,535 3,320 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,980 3,525 3,450 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 81,945 40,965 40,980 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,410 3,900 3,510 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,305 3,985 3,320 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,690 3,495 3,195 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 7,185 3,555 3,630 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,885 3,385 3,505 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,725 3,825 3,895 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 8,560 4,190 4,365 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 10,580 5,230 5,340 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 10,210 4,880 5,335 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 9,400 4,515 4,885 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 27,940 13,060 14,875 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 9,385 4,400 4,985 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 7,120 3,480 3,640 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 5,005 2,410 2,590 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,435 1,600 1,835 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,990 1,170 1,825 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,000 880 1,120 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 790 240 545 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 175 40 135 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 5 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.4 15.8 15.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.1 63.8 62.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.5 20.3 22.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.8 2.8 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.7 42.8 44.6 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 46.0 44.7 47.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 51,090 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 38,940 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 435 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 11,425 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,505 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 3,740 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,105 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,930 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 145 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 285 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 51,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 11,670 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 20,260 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 7,690 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 7,375 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,095 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 127,125 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 109,880 54,025 55,860 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 68,705 34,360 34,345 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 57,220 28,640 28,575 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 11,485 5,715 5,770 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 41,180 19,665 21,515 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 24,745 14,045 10,700 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,405 1,530 1,875 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,300 2,590 3,710 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 6,725 1,495 5,230 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 39,225 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 21,600 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 7,730 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 7,100 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,790 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 39,225 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 33,780 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 28,040 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,740 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,450 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,120 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,330 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 33,775 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 18,305 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 15,475 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 6,145 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 6,650 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,680 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,445 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,290 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,585 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 565 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,490 8,160 9,330 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 51,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 36,905 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 17,325 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,575 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,140 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,040 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 11,670 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,365 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 128,865 63,850 65,015 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 119,775 59,730 60,045 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 215 105 110 1,810 820 985
English and French 8,525 3,860 4,670 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 355 160 190 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 128,865 63,855 65,015 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 125,555 62,200 63,350 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,765 1,405 1,360 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 210 90 120 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 335 150 185 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,870 1,450 1,420 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.2 2.3 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 128,865 63,850 65,015 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 127,615 63,250 64,370 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 116,555 57,925 58,635 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 113,640 56,445 57,195 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,920 1,480 1,435 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 11,060 5,325 5,740 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 5 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,050 5,320 5,725 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 295 160 135 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 5 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 290 155 135 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 10 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 95 60 35 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 90 35 45 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 15 10 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 70 35 35 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 180 90 95 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 165 80 90 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 280 70 205 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 10 0 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 15 5 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 10 5 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 240 60 180 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 0 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 105 55 50 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 15 10 10 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 85 45 40 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 5 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 9,035 4,430 4,605 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 15 10 10 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 5 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 2,270 1,055 1,215 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 170 80 90 1,070 485 585
Latvian 55 30 25 565 255 300
Lithuanian 115 50 65 505 225 280
Slavic languages 2,100 975 1,130 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 20 10 10 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 20 10 15 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 160 90 70 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 130 65 70 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 75 35 40 325 160 165
Polish 960 440 520 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 300 145 155 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 60 25 30 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 65 30 35 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 75 35 35 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 200 80 115 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 0 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,520 1,160 1,365 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 5 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 95 40 55 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 730 385 345 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 10 0 5 295 145 145
German 1,575 690 885 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 55 15 40 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 180 90 90 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 585 310 280 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 475 255 225 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 5 5 5 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 90 45 45 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 70 35 30 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 10 5 0 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 195 105 95 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 10 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 95 45 45 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 105 55 50 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 10 5 10 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 90 50 40 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 3,440 1,800 1,645 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 1,830 1,000 835 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 775 400 375 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 110 40 65 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 720 355 370 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 45 15 30 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 150 70 80 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 40 20 15 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 5 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 0 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 5 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 10 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 320 135 185 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 320 135 185 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 115 45 70 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 165 75 90 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 25 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 20 10 15 1,100 550 550
Thai 15 0 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 20 10 15 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 20 10 15 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 515 235 275 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 50 25 25 705 295 410
Finnish 180 75 105 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 285 140 145 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,245 605 645 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 310 135 175 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 885 445 440 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 25 10 15 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 128,865 63,855 65,015 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 126,560 62,760 63,805 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 123,585 61,325 62,255 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 122,290 60,650 61,640 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,290 675 620 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 2,980 1,435 1,550 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 5 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,980 1,430 1,545 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 95 45 50 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 95 45 55 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 5 5 600 275 320
Arabic 30 15 15 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 20 30 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 5 0 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 105 45 55 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 105 50 55 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 45 20 30 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 5 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 15 25 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 55 30 30 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 10 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 45 25 20 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 2,205 1,070 1,135 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 5 5 5 695 335 360
Armenian 0 5 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 705 340 360 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 25 10 15 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 20 10 15 125 60 65
Slavic languages 680 330 345 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 5 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 40 20 15 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 35 15 20 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 20 10 10 150 75 75
Polish 310 155 155 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 165 80 80 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 25 15 15 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 500 235 265
Slovak 20 10 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 35 20 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 250 105 145 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 0 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 55 25 30 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 175 75 100 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 35 10 20 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 305 155 145 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 270 135 130 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 65 35 30 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 25 10 15 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 55 55 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 55 25 30 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 40 20 20 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 0 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 15 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 910 455 450 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 5 65 35 35
Italian 375 175 200 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 195 100 90 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 45 20 25 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 290 155 135 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 15 10 10 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 105 50 50 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 0 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 30 20 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 20 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 160 75 85 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 160 80 85 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 70 25 40 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 85 45 40 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 1,380 595 785
Lao 10 5 5 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 130 55 75 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 35 10 20 725 325 400
Hungarian 90 45 45 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 2,300 1,090 1,215 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 260 125 135 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 2,015 955 1,055 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 25 10 20 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 128,865 63,850 65,015 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 121,510 60,400 61,105 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,815 895 925 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,555 710 845 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 3,910 1,815 2,095 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 15 0 10 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 3,895 1,815 2,080 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 0 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 35 15 20 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 45 15 30 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 107,140 52,560 54,585 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 103,810 50,985 52,820 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,152 44,124 28,380 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 103,860 50,990 52,870 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,737 38,918 26,105 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,165 47,625 47,540 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,951 41,727 24,159 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,495 33,410 41,080 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,329 7,130 7,429 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,490 39,450 36,040 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,451 41,174 25,797 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 107,140 52,570 54,570 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 103,690 50,940 52,750 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,179 55,960 36,734 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 103,760 50,945 52,815 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,309 45,483 31,389 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,240 47,800 47,445 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,634 53,939 33,253 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,440 33,300 41,140 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,499 8,186 8,752 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,485 39,560 35,925 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,708 51,103 33,465 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 107,140 52,575 54,570 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 36,665 21,630 15,035 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,656 59,810 44,221 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,285 68,218 51,310 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.2 82.1 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.6 71.4 62.2 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.1 9.8 17.9 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 107,140 52,560 54,580 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,330 1,570 1,760 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 103,810 50,990 52,820 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.9 97.0 96.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,195 5,290 7,905 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 17,220 6,485 10,735 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 15,180 6,190 8,995 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 11,930 5,285 6,640 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 10,865 5,280 5,580 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 8,500 4,725 3,770 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 6,910 4,175 2,735 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 5,260 3,505 1,750 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,890 2,565 1,330 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 3,110 1,935 1,175 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 7,755 5,550 2,205 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 5,415 3,815 1,600 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 2,345 1,735 605 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 107,140 52,555 54,580 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,280 1,570 1,715 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 103,860 50,995 52,870 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.0 96.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,870 5,435 8,435 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 18,155 6,880 11,275 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 17,345 7,170 10,175 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 14,525 6,785 7,740 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 12,065 6,385 5,680 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 9,165 5,615 3,550 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 6,545 4,380 2,160 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,420 2,840 1,575 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 7,785 5,505 2,275 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,775 1,815 965 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,525 1,100 425 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 3,485 2,590 895 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 107,140 52,555 54,580 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 31,655 13,115 18,545 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 75,485 39,445 36,040 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.5 75.1 66.0 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,550 5,715 5,835 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 6,065 2,555 3,510 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 10,065 4,255 5,815 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 8,180 3,510 4,670 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 7,490 3,305 4,185 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,910 3,390 3,525 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,680 3,270 2,405 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,695 3,030 1,665 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,735 2,600 1,140 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 11,110 7,810 3,300 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,885 1,975 910 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,670 1,595 1,070 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 5,560 4,240 1,320 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 51,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,431 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,617 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,670 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,720 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,418 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 39,415 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,640 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,726 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 51,085 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,733 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,811 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,675 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,168 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,556 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 39,410 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,644 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,554 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 51,085 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 505 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 430 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 875 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,285 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,845 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,645 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,890 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,110 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,060 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,070 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,035 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,950 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,795 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,495 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,150 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,950 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,310 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,195 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,340 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,105 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 51,085 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 595 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 460 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 900 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,370 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,060 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,850 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,210 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,450 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,510 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,490 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,015 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,720 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,455 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,830 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,320 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,875 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,795 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,165 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,915 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 38,420 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,223 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,394 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 16,940 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,524 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,442 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,665 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,257 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,062 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,890 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,390 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,876 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 38,410 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,226 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,130 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 16,940 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,454 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,792 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,710 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,530 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,622 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,835 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,306 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,426 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,150 7,210 7,945 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,657 40,198 32,390 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,136 35,467 29,459 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,075 7,175 7,900 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,965 51,441 42,900 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,117 42,187 36,329 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 127,125 62,695 64,430 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 58,120 27,570 30,555 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 8,415 4,050 4,360 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 10,575 4,725 5,850 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,155 5,715 6,445 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 13,035 6,225 6,810 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 13,945 6,860 7,085 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 69,000 35,130 33,875 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 14,060 6,975 7,085 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 14,640 7,495 7,155 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 14,845 7,655 7,195 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 14,065 7,190 6,875 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 11,385 5,810 5,570 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 127,125 62,695 64,430 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 24,350 12,465 11,885 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 7,550 3,785 3,765 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 76,215 37,570 38,645 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 26,560 12,660 13,895 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,960 5,975 6,985 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,190 1,650 1,545 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,000 515 480 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,475 3,425 4,050 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,295 905 1,390 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.2 9.5 10.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.1 13.2 13.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 13.2 13.6 12.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.8 9.1 10.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 8.6 7.1 10.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,030 2,500 2,530 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,030 505 525 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 280 130 150 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 3,620 1,825 1,795 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 375 175 200 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.0 4.0 3.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 4.2 4.1 4.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 3.7 3.4 4.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.7 4.9 4.6 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.4 1.4 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 127,125 62,695 64,430 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 126,805 62,565 64,245 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 126,575 62,475 64,095 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 8,450 3,655 4,795 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 14,315 6,955 7,365 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 40 10 25 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 40 15 30 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 10 25 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 35 10 20 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,275 6,940 7,335 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 455 240 220 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 10 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 445 235 210 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 15 15 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 190 100 95 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 25 50 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 95 50 45 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 95 60 30 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 165 80 85 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 155 75 75 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 380 90 290 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 15 0 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 15 10 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 25 10 20 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 45 15 25 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 330 75 255 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 20 10 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 15 0 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 180 115 70 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 25 15 15 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 135 90 40 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 25 15 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 11,545 5,640 5,905 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 10 0 10 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,495 1,155 1,335 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 185 65 115 1,030 515 520
Latvian 35 15 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 150 55 95 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,315 1,095 1,220 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 70 30 35 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 45 15 35 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 230 135 100 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 155 75 75 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 145 70 75 400 220 185
Polish 1,110 535 575 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 300 125 170 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 75 45 35 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 20 0 25 1,525 770 750
Slovak 55 20 40 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 60 60 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 220 95 125 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 45 30 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 15 660 395 265
Welsh 0 10 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 3,160 1,455 1,710 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 35 25 10 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 115 45 75 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 760 365 400 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 15 0 15 465 230 240
German 2,165 1,015 1,155 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 15 10 15 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 100 25 70 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 230 140 90 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 610 310 295 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 545 290 255 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 80 40 40 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 285 155 130 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 20 0 10 415 215 200
Marathi 0 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 195 115 80 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 15 10 10 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 10 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 105 55 45 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 75 30 50 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 25 15 15 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 50 15 35 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 5,275 2,660 2,620 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 2,595 1,360 1,230 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,170 620 555 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 100 40 50 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,650 710 945 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 55 30 25 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 120 60 55 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 80 35 45 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 30 0 15 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 290 125 165
Shona 10 10 0 415 220 195
Swahili 35 20 20 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 190 70 115 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 125 55 75 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 15 45 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 510 255 255 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 510 255 250 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 150 75 70 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 335 170 170 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 10 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 15 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 0 0 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 50 25 20 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 50 30 20 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 685 355 335 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 50 20 35 780 350 425
Finnish 280 115 165 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 360 220 140 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 127,125 62,695 64,430 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 124,210 61,315 62,895 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,215 12,370 11,845 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 99,995 48,945 51,050 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,915 1,380 1,535 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 127,125 62,695 64,430 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 110,920 54,965 55,955 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,880 7,580 8,300 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 9,955 4,840 5,120 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,850 840 1,005 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,755 800 950 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,645 745 895 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 820 370 445 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 825 370 450 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 685 350 330 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 325 150 175 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,885 7,575 8,300 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,295 1,100 1,195 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 3,565 1,770 1,800 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 4,385 2,035 2,350 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 5,020 2,370 2,650 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 615 310 305 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,880 7,580 8,300 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,020 920 1,100 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 45 20 25 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 45 10 35 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 85 35 50 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 145 75 70 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 265 125 140 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 50 30 15 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 35 20 20 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 140 95 50 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 705 275 435 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 485 245 240 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 11,480 5,540 5,940 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 75 25 45 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 145 60 80 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 105 55 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,200 565 635 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 115 70 40 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 220 135 85 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 250 130 120 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,175 630 545 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 690 365 320 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 695 315 380 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 645 320 320 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 125 55 65 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 85 30 55 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 70 35 30 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 135 60 75 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,585 2,155 2,430 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,180 515 665 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 320 175 145 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 30 20 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 15 15 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 30 15 20 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 25 15 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 0 10 1,740 925 815
Somalia 10 10 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 70 55 15 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 125 50 75 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,915 870 1,045 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 10 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 10 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 295 140 155 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 25 40 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 365 180 190 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 45 15 30 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 70 40 30 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 20 10 10 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 95 45 50 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 45 25 20 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 90 50 40 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 310 85 225 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 85 50 35 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 45 10 35 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 10 0 10 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 100 45 55 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 275 140 140 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 150 75 70 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 685 350 330 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 110 75 40 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 10 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 20 20 0 625 355 265
Mexico 10 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 40 35 15 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 35 15 15 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 285 155 125 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 10 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation 15 10