Census Profile, 2016 Census
Spadina--Fort York [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Spadina--Fort York
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Spadina--Fort York [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Spadina--Fort York [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 115,506 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 82,480 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 40.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 75,838 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 67,864 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 9,266.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 12.47 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 115,505 57,815 57,695 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 7,380 3,765 3,615 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 3,995 2,050 1,945 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 1,965 1,015 945 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 1,415 700 715 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 99,765 50,380 49,385 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 2,225 1,085 1,140 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 10,840 4,965 5,865 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 25,595 12,585 13,010 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 21,700 11,255 10,450 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 12,435 6,735 5,695 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,775 4,210 3,565 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 5,790 3,010 2,780 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 5,265 2,605 2,660 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 4,530 2,220 2,305 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 3,610 1,700 1,905 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 8,360 3,670 4,695 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 2,995 1,355 1,640 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 2,035 895 1,135 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 1,450 650 800 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,055 450 605 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 825 315 515 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 545 230 315 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 240 70 165 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 40 10 30 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 5 0 5 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 6.4 6.5 6.3 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 86.4 87.1 85.6 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 7.2 6.3 8.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 0.7 0.5 0.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 36.3 36.0 36.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 32.4 32.7 32.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 67,865 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 515 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 57,970 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,380 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 530 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 2,465 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,030 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,045 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 310 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 67,865 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 35,290 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 23,965 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 5,365 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 2,190 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,055 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 114,105 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 1.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 108,125 54,050 54,080 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 46,240 23,695 22,540 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 28,915 14,620 14,295 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 17,325 9,080 8,245 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 61,885 30,350 31,535 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 51,525 26,435 25,090 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,360 1,195 1,165 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 5,905 2,305 3,600 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 2,100 410 1,690 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 25,630 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 18,885 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 4,345 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 1,880 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 520 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.4 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 25,630 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 22,210 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 13,550 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,660 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,425 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 2,855 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 565 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,205 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 16,470 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 5,735 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 3,560 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 1,740 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 440 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,425 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 2,415 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 790 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 220 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 53,010 26,675 26,335 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 67,865 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 24,770 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 16,115 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,650 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 415 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 42,685 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 35,290 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,390 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 114,555 57,205 57,345 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 94,690 48,185 46,500 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 75 30 45 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 15,780 7,295 8,480 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 4,010 1,685 2,320 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 114,550 57,205 57,345 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 106,735 53,615 53,120 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,975 1,530 1,445 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 870 390 480 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 3,965 1,660 2,300 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,415 1,725 1,685 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.0 3.0 2.9 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 114,555 57,205 57,345 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 110,650 55,315 55,330 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 71,565 37,295 34,270 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 68,775 35,850 32,930 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,790 1,445 1,345 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 39,085 18,025 21,060 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 5 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,080 18,025 21,050 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,370 1,255 1,115 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 195 70 120 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 15 5 10 1,445 720 730
Somali 180 70 110 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,165 1,175 990 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 230 80 145 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,565 895 670 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 20 10 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 185 125 60 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 15 10 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 105 35 70 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 895 355 540 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 10 30 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 855 345 505 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,330 525 805 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 5 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 40 15 25 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 15 5 10 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 95 45 55 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,125 440 690 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 40 20 20 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 25 15 15 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 675 360 310 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 50 25 25 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 100 55 45 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 355 180 175 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 155 95 65 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 17,765 8,490 9,270 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 100 45 55 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 130 55 75 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 4,350 1,875 2,475 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 85 25 60 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 40 15 25 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 45 10 35 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 4,265 1,850 2,415 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 60 15 35 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 145 70 75 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 205 80 120 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 165 65 100 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 80 40 35 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 970 415 555 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,710 745 965 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 425 195 235 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 60 35 25 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 80 35 40 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 20 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 315 125 185 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 20 10 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 990 515 475 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 45 25 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 50 30 20 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 185 85 95 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 600 300 300 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 5 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 10 5 940 405 540
Swedish 55 35 25 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 10 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 390 200 190 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 5,080 2,610 2,470 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 3,275 1,690 1,585 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 415 210 200 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 300 145 155 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 1,020 530 485 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 20 10 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 100 55 45 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 30 15 15 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 500 240 270 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 75 35 45 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 20 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 755 420 335 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,770 900 875 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 15 10 10 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 40 15 20 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,720 870 850 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 6,705 3,185 3,525 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 25 15 10 285 150 135
Italian 835 400 435 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 2,550 1,145 1,410 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 425 195 230 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,870 1,430 1,435 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 485 170 315 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 10 10 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,350 585 765 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 230 115 110 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 15 5 5 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 5 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 15 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 50 25 25 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 30 15 10 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 20 10 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 5 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,095 5,740 7,360 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 13,020 5,695 7,320 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 5,360 2,310 3,040 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 75 30 40 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 6,685 2,955 3,730 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 65 35 35 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 310 135 180 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 155 70 85 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 370 155 215 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 45 35 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 15 5 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 55 30 25 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 115 45 70 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 30 20 10 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 85 25 60 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 375 210 165 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 25 15 15 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 335 185 150 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 305 125 180 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 40 15 25 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 50 15 35 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 215 95 120 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 3,905 1,890 2,015 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 495 230 265 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 3,105 1,510 1,595 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 155 80 75 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 150 65 85 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 114,555 57,205 57,345 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 108,660 54,470 54,185 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 91,805 46,770 45,035 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 90,545 46,150 44,400 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,255 620 635 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 16,850 7,700 9,155 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,850 7,700 9,155 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 935 450 485 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 5 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 90 35 55 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 85 35 50 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 845 410 430 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 110 40 70 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 620 320 305 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 10 5 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 40 25 15 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 40 15 30 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 410 155 255 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 395 150 245 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 400 150 245 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 5 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 15 10 10 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 350 135 220 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 20 10 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 245 120 125 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 20 10 15 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 140 65 75 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 70 40 35 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 5,935 2,760 3,170 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 30 15 15 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 20 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,120 505 615 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 0 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,110 500 610 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 15 5 10 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 50 20 25 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 30 15 20 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 50 20 30 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 10 5 5 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 150 60 90 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 590 280 310 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 120 60 60 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 10 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 15 5 10 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 70 30 40 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 5 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 35 20 15
Germanic languages 185 95 90 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 15 10 5 280 135 150
Dutch 35 15 20 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 105 50 55 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 15 10 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 60 25 40 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 1,595 800 800 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 805 415 390 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 125 60 65 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 40 15 20 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 305 165 140 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 5 0 540 260 280
Marathi 30 15 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 35 35 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 5 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 210 115 100 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 775 380 400 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 5 0 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 10 5 5 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 765 375 395 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,905 1,310 1,590 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 20 10 15 135 60 75
Italian 140 60 75 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,430 620 810 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 90 45 45 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,225 580 645 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 230 100 125 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 625 290 335 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 5 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 65 25 40 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 5 5 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 20 5 10 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 5 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 10 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 20 15 5 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,750 3,510 4,240 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 7,705 3,485 4,225 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 2,815 1,205 1,615 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 10 5 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 4,485 2,105 2,380 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 25 10 10 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 40 60 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 30 45 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 200 90 105 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 15 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 10 0 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 35 20 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 10 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 5 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 25 15 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 145 75 70 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 140 70 70 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 50 25 25 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 40 20 20 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 5,895 2,735 3,160 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 415 220 195 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 5,325 2,440 2,880 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 35 15 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 120 60 65 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 114,555 57,205 57,345 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 89,705 45,360 44,340 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 6,795 3,195 3,595 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,740 865 875 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 15,780 7,515 8,265 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 10 5 10 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 15,765 7,510 8,255 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 75 35 40 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 175 80 90 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 290 155 135 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 106,770 53,160 53,615 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 104,460 52,225 52,235 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,814 54,276 44,153 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 104,465 52,225 52,240 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,552 46,482 39,304 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,665 48,690 47,980 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,753 57,995 46,653 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,530 27,615 31,920 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 558 490 610 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,420 44,935 43,485 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,017 58,774 48,139 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 106,890 53,255 53,635 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 104,635 52,340 52,295 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 66,906 79,050 54,751 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 104,635 52,350 52,290 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,785 59,430 44,131 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,725 48,780 47,945 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,935 83,020 56,622 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,735 27,495 32,240 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,953 3,197 4,598 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,245 44,910 43,340 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,580 81,835 56,882 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 106,895 53,260 53,635 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 51,350 27,720 23,635 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 68,849 73,857 64,431 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 87,893 99,698 74,048 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 96.7 97.8 95.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 86.8 87.1 86.4 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 3.3 2.2 5.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 106,770 53,155 53,610 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 2,310 935 1,375 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 104,460 52,225 52,235 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 97.8 98.3 97.4 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,640 6,545 7,100 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 13,155 5,675 7,485 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 9,360 4,255 5,105 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,320 3,925 4,400 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,790 4,005 4,785 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 8,390 3,865 4,525 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 8,050 3,895 4,155 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 6,980 3,470 3,510 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 5,820 3,125 2,700 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 4,630 2,475 2,150 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 17,325 11,000 6,325 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 10,720 6,420 4,300 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 6,605 4,580 2,030 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 106,770 53,155 53,610 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 2,305 930 1,375 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 104,470 52,230 52,235 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 97.8 98.3 97.4 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,910 6,665 7,240 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 13,730 5,965 7,765 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 10,755 4,970 5,785 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 10,725 4,935 5,790 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 11,815 5,420 6,390 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 10,890 5,285 5,605 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 9,155 4,760 4,395 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 7,010 3,820 3,185 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 16,485 10,405 6,080 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 4,760 2,680 2,080 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 3,060 1,860 1,205 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 8,660 5,870 2,795 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 106,775 53,160 53,615 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 18,350 8,220 10,130 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 88,415 44,935 43,485 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 82.8 84.5 81.1 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,345 2,895 3,455 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 4,690 2,140 2,550 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,045 4,150 4,895 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,095 3,375 3,720 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 7,075 3,305 3,770 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 7,630 3,490 4,140 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 7,530 3,565 3,965 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 7,500 3,625 3,880 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 6,445 3,245 3,195 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 25,070 15,150 9,925 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 5,405 2,910 2,495 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 4,290 2,325 1,965 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 15,375 9,910 5,465 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 67,860 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,270 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,187 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 35,290 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,423 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,435 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,575 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,465 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,801 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 67,935 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 103,047 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,760 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 35,285 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 75,828 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 58,000 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,650 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 132,462 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,277 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 67,860 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,760 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,460 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,045 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,520 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,130 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,030 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,935 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,070 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,165 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,220 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,670 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,905 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,740 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,390 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,960 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 23,870 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,395 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,965 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,545 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,960 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 67,860 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,855 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,480 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,100 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,650 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,355 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,265 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,350 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,640 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,005 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,145 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,410 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,305 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,560 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,515 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,640 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,595 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,470 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,875 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,255 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,510 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,022 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,959 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.4 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 15,960 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 115,563 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,282 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,765 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,858 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,542 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.6 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,230 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,464 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,512 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,575 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 139,342 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,222 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 15,990 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 147,853 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 113,273 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,820 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 150,729 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,822 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,190 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 100,950 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 76,978 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 49,680 25,215 24,465 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 52,280 55,612 49,446 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 45,079 47,484 42,815 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 49,650 25,185 24,465 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 66,419 74,102 58,510 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 51,748 56,481 46,875 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 114,105 56,910 57,200 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 47,930 22,850 25,075 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 17,110 8,330 8,785 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 9,005 4,130 4,880 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 7,110 3,400 3,710 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 7,110 3,375 3,735 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 7,595 3,620 3,975 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 66,185 34,060 32,125 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 8,465 4,035 4,420 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 9,550 4,680 4,875 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 11,315 5,690 5,620 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 14,905 7,615 7,290 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 21,955 12,040 9,910 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 114,105 56,905 57,200 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 8,245 4,215 4,030 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 4,455 2,295 2,160 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 97,745 49,155 48,590 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 8,120 3,535 4,580 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,520 9,190 10,330 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 1,960 1,000 965 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 810 420 395 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 15,565 7,440 8,125 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,990 745 1,240 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.1 16.1 18.1 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 23.8 23.7 23.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.2 18.3 18.3 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 15.1 16.7 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 24.5 21.1 27.1 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 19,250 9,235 10,015 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,630 845 780 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 670 355 320 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 16,205 7,880 8,330 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,415 510 905 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 16.9 16.2 17.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 19.8 20.0 19.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.5 14.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 16.6 16.0 17.1 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 17.4 14.4 19.8 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 114,315 57,070 57,245 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 110,185 55,330 54,860 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 110,110 55,305 54,810 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 15,675 7,090 8,590 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 51,580 24,495 27,085 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 15 0 15 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,575 24,495 27,075 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,755 2,015 1,745 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 315 140 180 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 25 10 20 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 295 130 165 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,490 1,910 1,580 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 305 120 180 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 2,590 1,450 1,140 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 35 20 15 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 505 300 200 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 35 10 25 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 90 30 60 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,015 425 595 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 20 35 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 975 410 560 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,805 685 1,125 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 25 0 15 755 340 425
Cebuano 40 20 20 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 30 10 25 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 10 10 215 115 100
Malay 170 70 105 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,615 605 1,015 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 225 95 130 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 20 0 20 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 95 35 60 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,015 530 485 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 115 65 50 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 175 105 70 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 570 270 300 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 210 120 90 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 26,755 12,905 13,850 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 105 45 60 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 215 95 120 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 5,110 2,245 2,870 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 140 55 90 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 70 35 35 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 70 20 50 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 5,015 2,205 2,810 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 20 10 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 80 30 50 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 150 65 85 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 320 165 155 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 225 95 135 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 110 50 60 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 1,160 490 670 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,220 985 1,240 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 545 240 305 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 75 35 40 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 65 25 45 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 30 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 510 215 290 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 175 95 80 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 0 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,340 1,260 1,080 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 130 70 60 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 120 90 25 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 245 130 120 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,710 910 805 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 35 30 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 140 65 70 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 25 15 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 720 390 335 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 7,730 3,890 3,840 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 5,855 2,945 2,905 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 605 300 310 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 520 265 260 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,290 1,670 1,620 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 55 30 30 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 135 80 55 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 50 25 20 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,150 540 610 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 155 45 110 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 35 50 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,480 765 715 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,905 950 950 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 35 20 15 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 45 25 25 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,845 930 920 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 11,465 5,380 6,090 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 30 15 20 515 275 240
Italian 2,090 1,040 1,055 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 3,480 1,635 1,845 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 550 260 290 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 6,240 2,925 3,315 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 895 450 450 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 15 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,550 700 845 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 15 0 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 10 10 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 685 335 350 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 65 25 40 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 15 10 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 10 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 60 20 40 1,225 550 675
Igbo 30 15 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 25 20 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 20 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 25 25 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 15 10 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 225 100 130 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 145 90 55 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 90 50 40 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 65 25 35 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 25 10 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,860 6,835 8,030 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 14,790 6,795 7,995 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 6,975 3,060 3,915 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 70 25 40 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 8,850 4,160 4,690 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 70 25 40 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 420 170 255 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 65 115 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 360 175 180 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 85 45 45 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 25 10 15 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 40 15 25 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 125 40 85 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 40 15 20 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 90 20 70 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 475 255 220 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 40 25 15 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 415 225 190 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 915 450 465
Uralic languages 385 180 210 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 45 20 20 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 55 15 45 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 290 145 145 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 114,315 57,070 57,245 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 97,395 48,500 48,895 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 7,655 3,970 3,690 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 89,745 44,525 45,210 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,920 8,570 8,345 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 114,315 57,070 57,245 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 66,930 34,140 32,790 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 40,475 19,275 21,200 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 7,470 3,310 4,155 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 6,225 2,965 3,260 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 9,705 4,665 5,040 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 10,115 4,740 5,380 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 5,175 2,410 2,770 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 4,940 2,330 2,610 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,950 3,590 3,360 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,915 3,655 3,260 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 40,475 19,275 21,195 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,450 2,135 2,315 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 9,265 4,700 4,565 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 8,095 3,675 4,425 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 15,665 7,470 8,190 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 3,000 1,295 1,710 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 40,470 19,275 21,200 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 5,870 2,775 3,095 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 360 170 195 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 415 185 230 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 160 75 90 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 335 165 170 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 20 0 15 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 710 345 370 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 380 230 155 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 205 100 105 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 620 250 365 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,205 570 635 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,465 690 770 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 9,700 4,730 4,970 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 85 105 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 125 65 60 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 365 210 155 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 380 195 190 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 175 95 80 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 120 70 50 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 440 255 180 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 275 185 85 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 100 55 50 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 720 285 435 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,645 715 930 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 485 230 255 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 790 320 470 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 310 140 175 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 420 185 235 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,010 1,085 920 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,155 550 605 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 2,650 1,350 1,300 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 35 20 15 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 365 225 140 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 320 130 185 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 210 110 100 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 80 40 40 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 230 140 90 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 185 60 120 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 345 190 155 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 875 435 445 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 22,010 10,310 11,700 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 100 45 55 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 220 95 130 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,840 3,075 3,765 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,775 695 1,075 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 2,575 1,430 1,145 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,530 790 740 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 165 70 90 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 260 105 165 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,160 515 640 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 275 195 75 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 845 415 430 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,780 705 1,080 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 365 185 180 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 160 70 95 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 445 200 245 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 995 375 615 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 2,520 1,335 1,185 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 245 110 135 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,950 3,585 3,360 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 970 480 490 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 110 50 60 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 50 30 25 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 0 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 10 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 30 10 15 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 125 65 60 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 280 140 140 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 155 90 65 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 210 95 115 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,385 815 575 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 140 85 55 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 80 60 20 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 280 175 100 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 10 0 880 400 480
Romania