Census Profile, 2016 Census
Thunder Bay--Superior North [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Thunder Bay--Superior North
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Thunder Bay--Superior North [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Thunder Bay--Superior North [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 82,651 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 82,827 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 42,614 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 36,070 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 76,852.43 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 82,650 40,930 41,725 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 12,280 6,365 5,910 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 3,855 2,030 1,830 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,220 2,170 2,055 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,200 2,175 2,030 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 54,325 27,185 27,140 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,555 2,375 2,180 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 5,320 2,750 2,575 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 5,055 2,515 2,535 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 4,785 2,370 2,420 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 4,545 2,255 2,295 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 4,715 2,315 2,400 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 5,215 2,560 2,655 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 6,555 3,240 3,310 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,180 3,570 3,605 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,405 3,240 3,165 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 16,045 7,370 8,670 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,365 2,645 2,715 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,680 1,790 1,890 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,705 1,260 1,445 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,085 925 1,155 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,210 755 1,460 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,375 520 860 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 660 200 455 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 155 30 125 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 15.6 14.2 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.7 66.4 65.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.4 18.0 20.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.7 1.8 3.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.2 42.2 44.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.1 44.0 46.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 36,070 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,485 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,935 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 8,350 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,285 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,205 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,580 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,180 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 100 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 300 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 36,070 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 11,640 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 13,140 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,075 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 4,165 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,055 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 81,040 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 70,370 34,560 35,805 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 39,135 19,550 19,590 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 31,125 15,570 15,555 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 8,010 3,980 4,035 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 31,230 15,010 16,225 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 19,610 10,980 8,630 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,405 1,080 1,320 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,185 1,900 2,285 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,025 1,050 3,980 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 23,510 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,310 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 4,780 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 3,855 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,560 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 23,510 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 19,205 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 15,200 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,005 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,305 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,275 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,030 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,205 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,615 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 8,595 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 3,630 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 3,535 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,430 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,305 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,700 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,150 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 460 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,280 8,070 8,210 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 36,070 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 22,655 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,300 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,355 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 425 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,990 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 11,640 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,355 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 81,785 40,550 41,235 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 72,760 36,395 36,365 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 200 100 100 1,110 530 580
English and French 8,520 3,945 4,570 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 310 110 200 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 81,785 40,550 41,235 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 77,880 38,630 39,250 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,495 1,760 1,735 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 120 65 55 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 290 95 195 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,550 1,790 1,765 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.3 4.4 4.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 81,785 40,550 41,235 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 80,630 39,970 40,660 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 71,225 35,565 35,660 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 67,565 33,735 33,835 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 3,660 1,835 1,830 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 9,405 4,410 5,000 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 1,130 505 620 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 1,115 505 615 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 15 45 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 5 10 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 5 5 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 35 10 30 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,055 485 570 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 850 410 445 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 205 80 125 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,275 3,900 4,375 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 260 155 105 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 5 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 250 150 100 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 5 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 245 150 95 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 0 0 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 30 60 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 90 30 60 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 130 45 80 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 10 5 10 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 15 5 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 30 65 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 15 5 5 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 110 55 60 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 65 25 35 1,750 905 845
Tamil 20 10 10 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 20 15 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 5,170 2,480 2,690 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 0 0 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 0 5 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,390 595 790 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 15 0 10 645 280 370
Latvian 5 0 5 320 145 175
Lithuanian 5 0 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,375 595 780 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 5 0 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 245 120 130 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 30 15 10 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 5 0 0 250 120 135
Polish 550 230 320 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 75 30 40 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 30 10 20 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 60 25 35 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 35 35 545 250 290
Ukrainian 280 105 175 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 730 340 395 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 5 0 1,435 730 705
Danish 50 25 25 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 130 55 70 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 495 230 265 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 0 5 835 410 430
Swedish 35 15 20 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 70 35 40 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 470 250 215 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 370 195 175 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 40 25 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 60 35 30 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 90 45 45 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 10 0 0 535 280 255
Nepali 20 15 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 30 30 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 1,455 730 725
Urdu 90 45 40 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 95 55 40 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 5 5 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 90 50 40 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,500 1,260 1,250 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,925 965 955 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 340 175 165 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 20 5 15 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 220 110 110 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 20 0 15 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 55 25 25 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 15 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 5 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 5 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 5 0 0 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 0 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 0 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 5 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 0 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 430 210 215 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 395 195 205 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 105 45 65 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 255 135 120 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 15 20 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 15 5 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 20 10 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 15 5 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 15 5 5 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 10 5 5 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,910 845 1,065 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 35 20 10 455 195 260
Finnish 1,800 780 1,015 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 80 45 40 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,155 575 575 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 300 155 145 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 815 395 415 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 25 10 15 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 81,785 40,545 41,235 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 80,120 39,790 40,330 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 77,360 38,490 38,870 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 75,885 37,770 38,115 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,480 725 760 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 2,755 1,300 1,460 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 245 125 115 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 240 125 120 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 15 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 230 120 105 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 190 105 90 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 35 20 20 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,510 1,175 1,335 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 125 75 50 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 125 75 50 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 125 75 50 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 20 30 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 50 20 30 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 25 10 10 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 10 10 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 5 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 60 20 35 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 30 5 25 885 450 435
Tamil 5 5 5 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 10 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,435 645 785 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 325 130 190 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 315 130 190 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 75 25 45 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 150 65 85 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 20 10 10 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 15 0 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 5 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 20 10 15 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 40 20 25 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 0 0 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 35 15 15 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 10 0 5 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 280 145 135 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 230 115 110 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 25 15 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 40 25 20 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 40 25 20 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 15 10 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 15 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 5 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 70 30 35 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 50 25 25 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 50 25 25 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 780 350 430 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 560 250 315 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 120 55 70 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 0 5 0 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 90 45 50 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 0 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 30 15 15 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 20 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 250 130 120 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 225 125 105 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 45 25 20 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 165 90 80 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 10 5 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 10 5 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 10 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 5 0 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 485 215 265 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 475 210 265 435 190 240
Hungarian 10 5 0 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,670 760 905 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 250 130 125 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,390 620 770 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 5 0 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 25 10 15 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 81,785 40,545 41,235 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 74,550 37,155 37,400 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,980 965 1,010 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,790 825 965 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 3,375 1,575 1,805 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 705 315 395 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 2,670 1,255 1,415 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 5 0 0 965 435 530
English and non-official language 30 15 15 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 45 15 30 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 68,780 33,865 34,915 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,700 32,865 33,830 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,824 43,069 30,382 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,715 32,865 33,850 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,537 38,467 27,873 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,470 29,820 29,650 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,982 40,448 27,008 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,160 22,950 26,210 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,669 7,975 7,506 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 47,695 24,570 23,130 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,596 40,045 29,220 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 68,735 33,845 34,890 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,615 32,805 33,810 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,304 53,013 37,825 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,630 32,805 33,825 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,232 43,890 32,745 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,260 29,770 29,485 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,515 51,528 35,424 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,150 22,935 26,215 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,940 8,939 8,941 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 47,610 24,585 23,030 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,929 49,715 35,687 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 68,735 33,845 34,890 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 20,570 11,110 9,460 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,854 64,867 49,426 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,037 71,655 55,093 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.5 88.2 81.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.7 70.0 64.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.5 11.8 18.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 68,780 33,865 34,920 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,080 995 1,085 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 66,700 32,865 33,830 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 97.0 97.0 96.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,350 3,645 4,710 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 10,775 4,220 6,555 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 9,305 3,825 5,480 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,065 3,620 4,445 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 7,100 3,390 3,710 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,670 2,945 2,720 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,315 2,505 1,810 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,230 2,000 1,230 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,515 1,550 960 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,220 1,375 845 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 5,155 3,790 1,365 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,845 2,800 1,050 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,310 990 320 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 68,780 33,865 34,920 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,060 995 1,065 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 66,720 32,865 33,850 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 97.0 97.0 96.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,640 3,690 4,955 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 11,295 4,445 6,850 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 10,875 4,565 6,320 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,470 4,405 5,060 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,175 4,115 4,065 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 5,800 3,340 2,460 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,060 2,575 1,485 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,205 1,985 1,220 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 5,200 3,755 1,445 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,075 1,395 680 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,025 785 240 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 2,105 1,570 525 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 68,780 33,865 34,915 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 21,085 9,295 11,790 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 47,695 24,565 23,125 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.3 72.5 66.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,390 3,810 3,580 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 3,825 1,710 2,110 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 6,045 2,630 3,410 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 4,850 2,185 2,665 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 4,525 1,935 2,585 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 4,400 1,870 2,525 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 3,695 1,865 1,825 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 2,875 1,695 1,180 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,325 1,435 895 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 7,770 5,425 2,345 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,985 1,225 755 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,885 1,145 740 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,905 3,055 850 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 36,070 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,125 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,154 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,635 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,478 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,081 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 24,430 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,436 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,117 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 36,025 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,771 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,710 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,585 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,282 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,691 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 24,445 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,484 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,357 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 36,070 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 460 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 545 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,250 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,425 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,700 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,425 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,645 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,645 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,530 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,530 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,780 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,550 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,380 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,110 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,920 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,180 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,865 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,650 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,860 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,805 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 36,070 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 480 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 545 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,280 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,480 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,900 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,665 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,885 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,875 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,830 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,750 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,280 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,955 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,700 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,345 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,975 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,115 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,640 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,130 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,340 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 23,480 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,771 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,349 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,075 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,961 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,309 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,700 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,226 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,253 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,025 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,712 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,269 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 23,490 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,180 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,827 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,995 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,915 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,071 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,825 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,305 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,879 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,965 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,894 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,406 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,475 7,170 7,300 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,600 35,003 30,700 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,851 31,502 28,395 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 14,315 6,925 7,385 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,534 45,459 37,854 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,495 38,105 33,048 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 81,040 40,220 40,815 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 37,990 18,250 19,740 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 8,760 4,310 4,450 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 7,290 3,340 3,960 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 7,125 3,320 3,800 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 7,230 3,460 3,770 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,580 3,820 3,760 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 43,050 21,970 21,080 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 8,200 4,040 4,160 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 8,440 4,285 4,155 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 9,165 4,680 4,485 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 9,570 4,955 4,610 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 7,670 4,010 3,665 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 78,500 38,880 39,620 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 14,095 7,320 6,770 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 4,450 2,315 2,135 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 49,520 24,565 24,960 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 14,880 6,990 7,895 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,015 5,140 5,870 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,870 1,485 1,375 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,040 530 510 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 6,565 3,095 3,460 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,585 560 1,030 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.0 13.2 14.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 20.4 20.3 20.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 23.4 22.9 23.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.6 13.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.7 8.0 13.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,900 2,950 2,950 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,390 715 670 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 540 275 260 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 4,225 2,130 2,095 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 275 100 180 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.5 7.6 7.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.9 9.8 9.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.1 11.9 12.2 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.5 8.7 8.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.4 2.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 81,050 40,200 40,850 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 80,755 40,095 40,660 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 80,545 39,995 40,555 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 8,750 4,130 4,625 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 12,080 5,785 6,295 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 1,835 860 975 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 1,820 860 960 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 115 40 80 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 105 25 75 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,720 825 890 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 1,365 675 695 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 360 155 200 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,250 4,925 5,330 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 410 230 180 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 400 220 180 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 390 215 175 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 0 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 25 45 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 70 20 45 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 150 55 95 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 0 0 0 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 10 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 35 20 15 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 35 80 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 55 35 15 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 35 15 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 100 45 60 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 65 30 30 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 25 0 20 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 15 10 10 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 6,735 3,330 3,405 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,560 700 860 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 15 10 15 635 310 325
Latvian 10 0 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 0 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,545 695 850 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 10 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 275 140 140 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 45 20 30 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 10 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 700 335 365 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 95 40 50 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 75 30 45 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 70 25 45 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 75 25 50 725 330 400
Ukrainian 305 100 200 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 920 435 485 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 10 10 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 85 40 45 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 130 70 60 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 645 305 345 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 20 0 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 50 15 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 130 75 55 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 735 410 325 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 605 330 270 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 130 80 50 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 70 40 35 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 210 115 95 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 20 10 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 40 25 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 55 50 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 10 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 185 85 90 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 140 85 55 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 15 15 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 130 75 50 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 3,485 1,735 1,750 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 2,535 1,295 1,240 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 410 210 200 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 10 10 0 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 590 265 330 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 30 10 15 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 90 45 45 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 110 75 30 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 15 15 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 0 0 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 20 10 10 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 75 25 50 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 45 10 35 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 400 190 210 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 335 155 175 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 60 25 35 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 245 125 120 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 10 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 30 35 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 25 10 15 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 65 30 30 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 10 10 0 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 0 0 0 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 25 10 15 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 25 10 15 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,150 915 1,240 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 40 15 25 495 205 295
Finnish 1,990 835 1,150 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 120 60 60 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 81,050 40,200 40,850 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 79,195 39,280 39,915 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,935 7,765 7,165 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 64,265 31,515 32,750 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,850 920 935 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 81,045 40,195 40,850 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 73,045 36,225 36,825 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,370 3,615 3,750 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 4,930 2,385 2,545 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 560 270 285 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 575 290 280 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 840 435 400 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 385 200 180 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 455 235 220 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 470 235 235 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 635 360 275 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,365 3,615 3,745 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,210 625 585 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,540 795 745 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 1,955 940 1,005 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 2,420 1,155 1,270 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 240 100 140 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,370 3,620 3,745 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 830 350 485 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 10 0 10 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 40 20 20 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 15 15 0 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 15 10 10 920 415 500
Haiti 0 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 25 10 15 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 40 10 30 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 10 0 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 25 0 15 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 590 235 355 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 70 40 25 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 5,110 2,515 2,595 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 10 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 165 100 70 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 45 35 15 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 400 190 205 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 50 25 25 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 60 45 20 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 10 20 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,435 765 675 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 115 60 60 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 390 190 200 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 230 130 110 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 15 0 10 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 40 20 25 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 25 30 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 45 10 35 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 790 365 425 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,220 545 675 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 215 140 75 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 10 10 0 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 20 10 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 25 20 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 0 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 145 85 55 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,140 565 575 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 20 15 10 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 90 55 35 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 140 65 75 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 25 10 20 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 170 100 70 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 70 45 25 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 15 10 0 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 0 0 10 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 25 10 10 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 25 20 10 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 110 50 55 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 135 50 85 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 20 0 15 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 20 0 15 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 0 0 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 50 20 30 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 225 110 110 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 70 50 25 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 465 235 235 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 65 25 40 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 10 10 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 0 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 50 20 25 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0 1,855 875 975
Europe 45 20 25 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 15 10 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania