Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Toronto Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Toronto Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 103,805 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 93,971 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 64,291 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 58,558 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 17,784.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5.84 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 103,805 55,875 47,930 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 8,385 4,235 4,150 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 3,560 1,845 1,710 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 2,585 1,295 1,290 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 2,240 1,090 1,150 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 84,670 46,280 38,390 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 3,850 1,800 2,050 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 10,780 5,185 5,595 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 14,580 7,470 7,110 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 12,915 6,935 5,985 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 9,210 5,325 3,890 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,005 3,980 3,020 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,140 4,270 2,870 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 7,690 4,735 2,960 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 6,350 3,745 2,600 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 5,155 2,840 2,315 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 10,755 5,365 5,390 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 4,130 2,235 1,895 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 2,640 1,355 1,285 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 1,760 850 910 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,175 545 630 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,050 380 670 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 670 270 400 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 295 95 205 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 75 25 50 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 10 5 10 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 8.1 7.6 8.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 81.6 82.8 80.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 10.4 9.6 11.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.0 0.7 1.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.1 39.6 38.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 35.6 37.0 34.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 58,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 225 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 48,210 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,120 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 670 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,185 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 345 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,810 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 105 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 58,560 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 31,555 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 18,530 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 4,925 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 2,275 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,265 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,625 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 1.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,420 51,640 43,780 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 36,030 19,870 16,160 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 23,885 12,615 11,270 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 12,150 7,255 4,890 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 59,390 31,770 27,615 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 47,200 26,705 20,485 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,725 1,330 1,395 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,660 2,905 3,755 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 2,815 825 1,985 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 21,030 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 14,300 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 3,800 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 1,960 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 965 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.5 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 21,025 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 17,020 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 10,945 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,065 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,010 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,475 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 540 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 17,015 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 11,710 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 5,310 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 2,795 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 1,675 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 845 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,010 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,590 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,010 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 410 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 46,470 25,835 20,630 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 58,560 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 20,550 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,525 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 9,025 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 230 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 37,775 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 31,555 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,220 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 101,035 53,905 47,135 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 84,605 45,555 39,045 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 155 50 100 1,110 530 580
English and French 13,850 7,380 6,475 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,430 920 1,510 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 101,035 53,900 47,135 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 94,640 50,810 43,835 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,030 1,710 1,325 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 970 490 485 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,390 900 1,490 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,515 1,950 1,565 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.5 3.6 3.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 101,035 53,900 47,135 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 97,145 51,955 45,190 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 58,060 32,530 25,530 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 55,310 30,955 24,355 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,745 1,575 1,170 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 39,090 19,430 19,660 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 40 25 15 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 35 25 15 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 5 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 5 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,050 19,405 19,640 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,945 2,085 1,865 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 25 15 15 95 55 35
Kabyle 15 5 10 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 720 335 390 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 95 45 50 165 95 75
Somali 615 285 330 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 3,185 1,725 1,455 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 870 400 475 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,625 970 650 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 440 240 195
Harari 80 35 40 25 10 15
Hebrew 150 100 50 1,770 960 805
Maltese 30 15 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 405 190 215 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 935 415 525 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 50 20 35 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 885 395 490 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 3,355 1,340 2,015 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 120 45 75 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 55 20 30 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 220 65 155 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 5 0 15 0 10
Malay 150 80 70 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 15 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 0 10 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,740 1,100 1,640 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 65 35 30 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,050 1,095 955 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 60 30 30 225 115 110
Malayalam 130 80 45 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,595 815 785 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 265 165 95 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 16,280 8,760 7,520 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 135 70 65 1,090 560 530
Armenian 125 65 65 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 3,550 1,710 1,845 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 75 30 45 645 280 370
Latvian 40 10 30 320 145 175
Lithuanian 35 15 20 325 130 200
Slavic languages 3,475 1,675 1,795 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 35 20 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 135 75 65 1,725 805 915
Croatian 160 80 75 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 90 60 30 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 65 35 35 250 120 135
Polish 685 345 340 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,450 660 790 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 410 200 215 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 30 1,145 545 600
Slovak 80 40 40 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 260 125 140 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 15 10 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 880 510 370 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 45 30 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 40 15 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 205 120 85 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 490 280 205 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 25 15 10 835 410 430
Swedish 30 20 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 35 20 15 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 280 170 110 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 6,805 3,690 3,115 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 5,305 2,845 2,465 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,895 955 940 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 255 140 115 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 865 515 360 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 25 15 15 225 110 110
Marathi 140 80 65 535 280 255
Nepali 665 350 315 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 20 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 165 160 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 35 25 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 35 1,455 730 725
Urdu 960 535 430 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,460 815 645 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 30 15 10 1,650 875 780
Pashto 165 85 75 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,270 710 555 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,490 2,535 1,950 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 565 295 270 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 920 520 400 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 370 165 205 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 2,625 1,550 1,070 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 435 195 245 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 10 5 65 40 25
Georgian 15 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 1,545 695 845 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 340 145 200
Mongolian 20 10 10 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 560 260 295 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 75 35 35 405 220 180
Bamanankan 10 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 20 10 5 65 35 30
Igbo 25 15 10 160 90 65
Lingala 30 10 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 25 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 185 85 100 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 15 15 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 35 45 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 15 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 190 85 100
Sign languages 35 25 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 20 15 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,865 4,000 4,865 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 8,730 3,935 4,795 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,880 1,360 1,525 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 70 25 45 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 5,000 2,180 2,815 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 185 100 85 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 35 60 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 225 260 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 135 65 70 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 25 15 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 95 40 50 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 120 55 65 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 20 15 5 800 405 400
Thai 100 40 60 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 360 205 150 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 30 20 10 495 275 225
Turkish 305 175 130 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 380 185 195 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 40 20 20 455 195 260
Finnish 50 20 30 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 290 150 145 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,890 1,945 1,945 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 405 230 180 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 3,190 1,575 1,620 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 185 100 85 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 105 45 60 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 101,035 53,905 47,130 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 93,265 50,045 43,220 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 73,830 40,915 32,915 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 72,490 40,230 32,260 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,340 685 655 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 19,435 9,130 10,305 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 20 10 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 15 10 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,420 9,120 10,295 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,020 975 1,050 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 425 190 240 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 75 35 35 80 40 35
Somali 350 150 195 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,585 780 805 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 460 195 270 535 250 290
Arabic 815 445 365 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 45 20 20 10 5 5
Hebrew 35 20 20 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 215 95 125 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 515 200 315 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 5 20 620 290 330
Vietnamese 490 195 295 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,635 640 995 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 35 15 20 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 95 40 55 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 40 20 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,430 550 880 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 20 10 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,390 725 660 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 25 10 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 45 30 15 885 450 435
Tamil 1,180 600 575 1,935 965 965
Telugu 140 85 55 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 6,850 3,490 3,360 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 40 20 15 530 255 270
Armenian 55 30 25 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,280 605 675 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 5 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,265 595 670 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 10 5 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 40 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 35 15 20 1,795 840 955
Czech 20 10 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 15 10 5 120 60 60
Polish 160 80 80 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 675 305 370 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 215 100 115 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 10 435 205 235
Slovak 15 5 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 50 25 25 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 95 50 45 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 20 10 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 55 25 20 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 5 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 70 40 30 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 3,625 1,890 1,740 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 2,805 1,455 1,350 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 1,175 585 595 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 70 40 35 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 370 220 145 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 5 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 5 40 15 15
Marathi 70 40 30 245 125 120
Nepali 440 225 215 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 30 15 15 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 55 50 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 5 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 10 595 290 305
Urdu 515 265 245 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 810 430 385 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 5 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 95 50 45 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 705 370 335 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,685 865 820 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 100 45 55 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 370 195 175 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 100 40 60 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,110 580 530 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 190 95 95 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 15 10 10
Georgian 5 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 915 410 510 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 10 5 10 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 215 100 120 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 5 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 5 0 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 10 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 105 45 60 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Dinka 5 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 20 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,300 2,295 3,005 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,230 2,265 2,970 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,380 590 790 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 25 10 15 670 280 390
Mandarin 3,440 1,495 1,950 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 25 40 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 280 125 155 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 35 35 1,630 820 810
Burmese 10 5 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 55 25 30 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 20 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 35 20 20 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 165 80 85 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 185 95 90
Turkish 140 70 75 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 85 40 45 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 5 0 75 30 45
Finnish 5 0 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 80 35 45 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 7,770 3,855 3,910 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 390 210 180 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 7,140 3,530 3,610 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 70 35 40 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 170 85 80 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 101,035 53,905 47,130 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 77,500 41,870 35,630 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 8,100 3,965 4,135 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,660 950 710 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 13,155 6,790 6,370 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 35 20 15 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 13,120 6,765 6,350 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 80 45 35 965 435 530
English and non-official language 265 145 120 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 265 140 125 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 91,400 48,740 42,665 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,465 47,490 40,975 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,987 33,980 28,008 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,470 47,495 40,980 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,760 30,988 26,366 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,725 40,465 34,260 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,662 40,646 32,273 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 60,655 31,005 29,655 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 862 709 1,211 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,430 36,490 29,940 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,211 40,704 33,063 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 91,410 48,785 42,625 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,380 47,485 40,895 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,909 55,792 43,076 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,380 47,485 40,890 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,143 44,006 35,658 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,735 40,645 34,085 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,679 61,457 46,597 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 60,705 31,055 29,650 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,347 4,876 5,841 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,485 36,575 29,915 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,763 60,094 46,023 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 91,415 48,785 42,625 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,795 18,735 13,060 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,330 64,273 57,672 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 77,942 83,581 69,855 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.5 94.1 90.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 81.2 83.1 78.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.5 5.9 10.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 91,405 48,740 42,665 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,935 1,250 1,685 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 88,465 47,490 40,975 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.8 97.4 96.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,315 8,275 8,040 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 17,005 8,740 8,270 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,060 5,030 5,025 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 7,940 4,085 3,850 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,990 3,705 3,285 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,680 2,985 2,695 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,965 2,725 2,240 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,175 2,380 1,800 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,245 1,915 1,325 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,680 1,545 1,140 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 9,415 6,105 3,310 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 5,770 3,555 2,220 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,640 2,550 1,095 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 91,400 48,740 42,660 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,930 1,245 1,685 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 88,475 47,490 40,980 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.4 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,500 8,370 8,135 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 17,540 9,050 8,495 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,500 5,825 5,680 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,530 4,945 4,585 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,360 4,400 3,955 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,615 3,630 2,990 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,325 3,055 2,265 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,995 2,315 1,675 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,110 5,910 3,200 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,640 1,575 1,070 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,590 1,005 595 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,875 3,330 1,540 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 91,400 48,740 42,665 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 24,970 12,255 12,720 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 66,430 36,485 29,945 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 72.7 74.9 70.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,830 3,900 3,925 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,430 2,745 2,690 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,755 4,490 4,265 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,740 3,575 3,165 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,110 3,270 2,835 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,680 3,095 2,580 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,785 2,610 2,170 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,275 2,360 1,915 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,615 2,065 1,550 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 13,215 8,370 4,845 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,850 1,695 1,160 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,430 1,400 1,025 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 7,935 5,275 2,660 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 58,560 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 50,462 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 45,267 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 31,555 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,867 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,467 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 27,005 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,371 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 63,291 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 58,510 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,382 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,635 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 31,460 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,084 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,205 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,055 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,151 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,905 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 58,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,450 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,615 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,895 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,205 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,870 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,615 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,420 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,400 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,305 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,275 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,130 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,695 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,335 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,740 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,450 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,145 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,300 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,690 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,855 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,305 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 58,555 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,530 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,625 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,920 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,360 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,140 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,915 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,810 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,900 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,930 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,775 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,865 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,320 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,495 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,820 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,045 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,100 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,555 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,090 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,455 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 21,860 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,951 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,641 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,380 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,667 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,625 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,315 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 70,479 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 64,229 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,890 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 38,976 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 37,839 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 21,805 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,092 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,541 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,280 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 126,342 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,001 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,385 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,340 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,135 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,825 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,463 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,505 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 43,655 24,635 19,020 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,745 30,198 29,169 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,585 27,909 27,128 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 43,705 24,715 18,990 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,482 50,159 43,998 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,492 40,247 36,209 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 99,625 52,895 46,735 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 60,050 30,885 29,165 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 25,660 13,435 12,225 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 12,305 6,075 6,230 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 8,635 4,385 4,250 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 6,865 3,545 3,315 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 6,590 3,450 3,140 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 39,575 22,010 17,565 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 6,235 3,235 3,000 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 6,185 3,325 2,855 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 6,955 3,850 3,105 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 8,000 4,440 3,560 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 12,205 7,155 5,050 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 99,625 52,895 46,730 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 9,690 4,885 4,800 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 4,005 2,065 1,940 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 79,990 43,095 36,895 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 9,950 4,915 5,035 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 31,120 15,875 15,245 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,380 2,245 2,140 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,565 820 745 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 23,630 12,160 11,470 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,105 1,470 1,635 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 31.2 30.0 32.6 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 45.2 46.0 44.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 39.1 39.7 38.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 29.5 28.2 31.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 31.2 29.9 32.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 28,955 15,125 13,830 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 3,470 1,785 1,680 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,260 655 605 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 23,020 12,165 10,855 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,470 1,180 1,295 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 29.1 28.6 29.6 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 35.8 36.5 35.0 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 31.5 31.7 31.2 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 28.8 28.2 29.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 24.8 24.0 25.7 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 99,590 52,870 46,720 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 97,120 51,905 45,215 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 97,005 51,875 45,125 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 13,595 7,200 6,390 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 49,630 24,865 24,765 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 160 75 80 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 135 65 70 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 30 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 10 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 15 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 90 35 55 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 80 35 45 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 10 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,485 24,800 24,685 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,160 2,770 2,395 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 15 0 10 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 940 410 530 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 150 50 105 190 110 80
Somali 770 355 415 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 10 0 10
Semitic languages 4,275 2,380 1,895 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,270 610 665 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,280 1,350 930 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 25 25 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 465 275 195 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 25 20 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 450 245 210 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,225 495 730 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 25 45 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,155 470 685 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 4,385 1,745 2,645 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 125 45 85 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 25 10 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 305 95 210 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 10 0 10 0 0
Malay 265 150 120 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 15 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,060 1,570 2,490 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 165 85 85 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 90 40 45 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,885 1,550 1,330 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 70 45 30 445 210 235
Malayalam 215 120 100 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 2,295 1,195 1,095 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 405 260 145 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 22,935 12,360 10,575 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 115 70 50 1,135 580 555
Armenian 170 70 95 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 4,220 2,075 2,145 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 60 35 25 635 310 325
Latvian 35 20 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 30 15 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 4,155 2,035 2,120 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 20 20 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 70 25 45 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 205 105 100 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 240 105 135 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 115 60 50 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 90 40 45 345 180 160
Polish 835 405 430 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,060 980 1,085 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 545 285 260 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20 1,240 595 645
Slovak 110 45 65 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 490 265 225 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 110 60 50 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 25 350 225 120
Welsh 0 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,205 1,260 950 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 100 65 30 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 60 15 40 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 385 215 165 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 1,560 905 655 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 50 30 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 90 40 55 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 65 35 35 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 505 280 225 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 8,825 4,830 3,995 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 7,175 3,920 3,255 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 2,375 1,270 1,110 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 415 220 200 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,800 1,645 1,155 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 15 0 45 25 20
Konkani 50 30 20 375 185 190
Marathi 250 125 120 1,275 650 625
Nepali 750 365 385 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 45 20 25 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 630 355 270 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 60 40 20 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 150 80 70 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,395 810 585 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,675 930 745 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 30 25 10 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 110 55 55 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,560 870 690 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 7,805 4,290 3,515 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 15 15 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,460 790 670 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,360 750 615 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 350 130 220 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 5,345 3,040 2,305 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 220 130 85
Japanese 830 395 440 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 20 10 10 90 50 40
Georgian 15 0 15 90 50 45
Korean 1,580 715 870 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 60 40 25 320 155 170
Mongolian 55 40 25 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,090 495 595 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 130 65 65 495 280 215
Bamanankan 15 0 10 20 10 10
Edo 10 10 10 115 65 55
Ewe 10 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 45 10 35
Ga 0 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 25 15 10 105 60 45
Igbo 80 50 35 240 140 95
Lingala 115 30 80 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 85 35 45 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 15 210 95 115
Shona 30 15 20 265 125 140
Swahili 390 165 220 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 80 40 35 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 180 65 120 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 145 110 35 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 130 95 35 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,245 4,790 5,460 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 10,060 4,685 5,375 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 4,010 1,845 2,170 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 70 30 45 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 6,535 3,020 3,515 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 260 125 135 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 55 75 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 450 240 210 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 220 125 100 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 40 25 20 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 160 90 70 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 175 85 90 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 55 20 35 1,125 505 620
Thai 125 65 60 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 480 250 230 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 60 30 30 835 455 385
Turkish 425 225 200 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 225 125 105
Uralic languages 450 230 225 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 70 35 35 495 205 295
Finnish 60 25 35 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 325 160 160 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 99,590 52,870 46,720 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 82,165 43,955 38,205 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 8,490 4,250 4,240 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,675 39,705 33,970 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,425 8,915 8,505 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 99,590 52,870 46,720 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 52,625 29,245 23,375 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 39,920 20,035 19,885 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 6,530 3,330 3,200 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 5,345 2,710 2,635 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 9,515 4,705 4,810 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 11,440 5,555 5,885 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 5,560 2,615 2,945 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 5,885 2,945 2,935 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,090 3,730 3,360 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,045 3,585 3,455 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 39,920 20,035 19,885 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,625 1,900 1,725 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 7,205 3,630 3,580 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 7,865 3,870 3,995 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 17,965 9,175 8,785 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,260 1,450 1,805 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 39,920 20,035 19,890 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 6,110 3,175 2,935 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 350 220 125 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 335 195 140 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 130 70 55 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 600 240 360 920 415 500
Haiti 35 25 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 815 415 400 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 460 305 155 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 185 115 70 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 610 225 380 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,220 645 575 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,375 720 650 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 7,435 3,995 3,445 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 145 60 90 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 135 70 65 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 360 195 160 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 400 210 190 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 135 70 60 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 190 100 90 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 215 140 80 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 220 125 95 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 165 115 50 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 495 230 260 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 245 130 120 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 305 115 185 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 840 420 415 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 275 160 115 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 410 190 220 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,865 1,075 785 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,040 575 470 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 4,385 2,170 2,215 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 40 25 15 430 270 150
Egypt 320 195 125 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 1,140 545 595 1,665 835 825
Kenya 190 80 115 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 100 55 50 730 385 340
Nigeria 215 105 110 1,205 630 575
Somalia 535 265 270 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 225 125 100 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,615 780 825 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 21,780 10,555 11,230 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 150 100 55 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,455 770 690 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,730 1,655 2,070 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,065 470 595 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,100 1,205 890 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,160 660 505 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 165 90 70 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 245 100 145 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 965 435 530 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 180 140 40 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 935 495 440 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 4,005 1,615 2,390 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,340 675 670 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 115 55 60 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 485 235 250 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,125 490 635 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 2,555 1,355 1,205 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 215 140 70 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,090 3,730 3,355 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 915 525 390 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 95 55 40 960 445 520
Colombia 60 35 25 465 220 240
Cuba 45 15 30 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 70 55 15 160 115 45
Mexico 120 90 25 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 220 115 105 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 90 45 45 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 220 115 105 1,855 875 975
Europe 885 520 370 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 155 90 65 790 415 370
Germany 40 25 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 45 15 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 20