Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto--Danforth [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto--Danforth
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Toronto--Danforth [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Toronto--Danforth [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 106,875 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 104,017 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.7 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,352 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,136 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,411.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.75 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 106,875 52,320 54,555 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 16,730 8,650 8,080 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,470 3,440 3,035 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 5,720 2,935 2,785 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,535 2,270 2,265 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 75,405 36,935 38,465 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,515 2,345 2,170 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 5,430 2,750 2,680 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 7,420 3,570 3,845 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 9,345 4,460 4,885 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 9,820 4,695 5,125 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,950 4,490 4,455 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 8,395 4,125 4,275 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,435 4,250 4,185 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,145 3,445 3,695 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 5,950 2,800 3,150 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 14,745 6,735 8,005 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,100 2,485 2,615 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,260 1,555 1,705 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,500 1,125 1,380 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,925 845 1,075 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,965 730 1,230 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,280 525 755 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 515 165 345 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 150 35 115 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.7 16.5 14.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 70.6 70.6 70.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.8 12.9 14.7 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.8 1.4 2.3 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.3 39.5 41.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.7 40.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 46,135 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 8,415 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,735 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 27,985 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,175 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,915 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,690 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,965 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 230 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 46,135 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 16,060 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 14,185 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,170 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 5,975 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,745 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 105,325 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 90,145 43,675 46,470 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 47,150 23,845 23,310 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 36,705 18,365 18,345 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 10,450 5,480 4,970 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 42,995 19,830 23,160 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 30,085 15,405 14,685 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,565 1,055 1,515 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,335 2,490 3,845 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,000 885 3,120 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,320 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 14,125 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 6,760 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 5,755 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,685 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,320 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 22,905 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 17,685 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,225 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,415 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,415 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 995 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,905 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,705 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 12,205 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,215 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 5,415 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,565 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,415 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,415 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,540 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 455 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,895 11,675 13,225 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 46,135 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,595 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,075 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,520 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 835 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,710 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 16,060 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,650 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 105,885 51,755 54,135 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 85,940 43,210 42,730 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 90 45 45 1,110 530 580
English and French 14,625 6,335 8,290 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 5,235 2,160 3,065 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 105,890 51,755 54,135 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 97,885 48,275 49,615 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,210 1,060 1,155 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 600 280 325 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 5,190 2,140 3,050 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,515 1,200 1,310 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.3 2.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 105,885 51,755 54,135 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 102,830 50,205 52,625 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 70,790 35,335 35,455 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 68,695 34,335 34,360 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,095 1,000 1,100 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 32,035 14,870 17,165 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 30 15 20 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,010 14,865 17,145 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,015 520 490 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 135 60 70 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 120 55 70 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 875 455 415 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 210 95 120 1,140 560 585
Arabic 420 250 170 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 35 20 15 25 10 15
Hebrew 70 40 25 1,770 960 805
Maltese 15 10 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 115 35 80 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 900 415 490 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 20 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 870 400 470 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,455 515 940 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 50 15 40 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 60 25 40 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 35 15 25 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,255 445 810 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 30 15 20 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 230 125 105 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 5 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 15 10 10 1,750 905 845
Tamil 170 95 80 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 25 15 10 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 16,360 7,840 8,520 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 550 260 295 1,090 560 530
Armenian 40 20 20 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 3,335 1,490 1,845 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 115 50 75 645 280 370
Latvian 85 40 50 320 145 175
Lithuanian 35 5 25 325 130 200
Slavic languages 3,215 1,440 1,770 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 30 15 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 390 175 215 1,725 805 915
Croatian 140 60 80 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 105 50 55 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 450 215 235 250 120 135
Polish 405 175 230 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 490 205 285 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 825 405 415 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 70 30 35 1,145 545 600
Slovak 75 30 50 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 25 545 250 290
Ukrainian 180 50 125 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 10 15 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 10 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 940 455 480 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 10 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 15 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 170 90 85 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 0 80 30 50
German 645 310 335 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 35 15 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 15 5 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 4,715 2,295 2,415 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 3,195 1,660 1,535 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,545 1,305 1,240 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 290 135 155 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 685 350 335 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 285 150 135 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 25 20 5 535 280 255
Nepali 25 15 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 300 145 150 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 20 10 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 1,455 730 725
Urdu 845 445 400 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 625 340 290 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 20 15 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 135 75 65 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 470 250 225 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,560 1,650 1,915 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 1,170 555 615 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 685 315 365 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 190 80 105 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,515 690 825 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 440 130 310 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 365 145 220 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 5 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 210 105 110 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 30 15 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 10 5 10 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 70 35 35 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 15 5 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 25 15 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 10 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,135 4,665 5,470 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 9,975 4,585 5,390 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 6,625 3,065 3,555 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 90 35 55 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,455 1,110 1,350 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 35 20 15 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 375 180 190 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 40 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 325 150 180 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 75 85 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 70 30 45 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 45 20 20 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 70 20 45 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 15 10 5 800 405 400
Thai 55 15 35 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 300 170 130 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 280 160 120 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 430 175 260 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 125 50 75 455 195 260
Finnish 80 25 50 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 230 95 135 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,060 1,550 1,510 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 465 245 220 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,395 1,205 1,185 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 100 45 55 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 100 45 55 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 105,885 51,755 54,135 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 100,080 48,930 51,155 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 82,895 40,920 41,980 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 81,955 40,485 41,470 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 945 435 510 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 17,185 8,010 9,175 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 10 5 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,175 8,005 9,170 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 440 210 230 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 65 30 35 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 80 40 35
Somali 60 25 35 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 375 180 195 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 105 50 60 535 250 290
Arabic 145 80 65 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 25 15 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 10 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 70 25 45 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 585 270 320 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 575 265 310 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 595 220 375 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 20 10 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 535 200 340 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 10 5 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 120 60 60 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 0 0 0 885 450 435
Tamil 100 55 50 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 5 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 7,500 3,545 3,960 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 305 145 160 530 255 270
Armenian 5 0 5 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,395 645 755 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 25 10 15 160 75 90
Latvian 25 5 15 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,370 635 735 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 230 105 125 925 425 495
Croatian 35 15 20 1,795 840 955
Czech 35 15 20 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 190 85 105 120 60 60
Polish 65 30 35 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 195 85 110 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 515 250 270 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 435 205 235
Slovak 30 15 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 20 0 20 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 115 60 55 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 10 10 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 95 50 50 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 2,645 1,260 1,385 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,670 840 835 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,365 680 690 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 135 65 75 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 405 195 205 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 120 65 55 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 10 10 0 245 125 120
Nepali 15 10 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 155 80 80 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10 595 290 305
Urdu 505 255 255 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 300 160 140 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 10 10 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 90 45 40 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 200 105 100 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,355 590 760 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 425 180 250 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 270 125 145 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 60 30 35 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 590 260 330 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 185 60 125 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 0 15 10 10
Korean 150 70 85 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 80 40 40 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 40 20 20 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 15 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,220 3,385 3,830 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 7,110 3,330 3,775 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 4,655 2,150 2,505 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 30 15 20 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,960 950 1,010 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 15 10 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 215 105 105 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 15 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 200 90 110 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 110 55 55 1,630 820 810
Burmese 50 25 35 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 25 15 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 5 5 335 160 175
Thai 10 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 150 85 65 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 185 95 90
Turkish 145 80 65 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 90 30 60 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 45 15 30 75 30 45
Finnish 5 0 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 35 15 20 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,805 2,830 2,980 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 360 180 180 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 5,285 2,575 2,710 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 45 25 25 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 115 50 65 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 105,890 51,755 54,135 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 87,020 42,855 44,170 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 5,855 2,830 3,030 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,100 935 1,165 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 10,515 4,960 5,555 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 40 15 25 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 10,470 4,940 5,530 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 40 25 10 965 435 530
English and non-official language 155 70 80 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 205 80 120 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 88,710 42,925 45,785 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,625 41,350 44,275 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,056 37,640 32,902 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,630 41,350 44,280 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,014 33,900 30,244 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,680 36,470 38,210 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,718 42,064 35,652 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,170 26,360 32,805 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,375 1,070 3,834 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,655 32,140 32,515 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,801 44,710 39,402 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 88,800 43,020 45,780 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,705 41,500 44,205 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,560 60,651 48,842 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,715 41,500 44,210 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,729 47,498 40,191 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,720 36,635 38,080 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,311 64,480 50,415 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,225 26,340 32,880 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,652 5,879 7,272 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,675 32,205 32,470 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,807 65,695 51,976 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 88,800 43,020 45,780 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,810 17,330 15,480 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,015 69,893 61,204 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 82,384 90,147 73,693 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.6 93.9 89.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 81.4 83.7 78.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.4 6.1 11.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 88,710 42,925 45,785 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,085 1,575 1,515 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 85,620 41,350 44,275 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.3 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,830 6,280 6,545 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 15,875 7,200 8,675 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,195 4,530 5,665 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 7,460 3,430 4,025 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,590 3,030 3,565 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,455 2,435 3,015 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,630 2,170 2,460 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,975 1,940 2,035 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,495 1,750 1,745 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,185 1,585 1,600 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 11,945 6,990 4,950 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 7,185 3,955 3,230 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 4,760 3,040 1,720 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 88,710 42,925 45,785 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,075 1,575 1,505 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 85,635 41,350 44,280 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.3 96.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,025 6,385 6,640 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 16,430 7,470 8,955 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,575 5,170 6,410 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 8,930 4,180 4,755 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 7,760 3,480 4,285 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,375 2,970 3,405 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,130 2,540 2,590 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,555 2,320 2,240 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 11,845 6,845 5,000 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,440 1,735 1,710 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,110 1,170 940 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 6,295 3,945 2,350 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 88,710 42,925 45,785 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 24,050 10,785 13,265 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 64,660 32,140 32,515 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 72.9 74.9 71.0 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,315 3,475 3,835 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,640 2,190 2,455 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 7,965 3,840 4,125 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 5,980 2,815 3,160 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,385 2,540 2,840 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,260 2,425 2,835 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,330 1,995 2,340 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,920 1,875 2,045 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,425 1,695 1,725 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 16,445 9,290 7,155 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,080 1,560 1,525 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,020 1,500 1,525 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 10,340 6,235 4,110 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 46,135 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,226 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,149 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,060 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,027 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,784 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,075 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,909 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,019 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 46,150 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 101,323 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,217 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,050 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,866 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,367 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,100 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 128,233 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,470 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 46,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 985 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 955 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,685 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,700 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,035 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,810 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,860 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,755 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,710 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,600 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,960 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,715 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,370 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,215 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,030 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,765 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,965 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,045 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,370 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,390 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 46,135 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,035 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 945 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,720 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,810 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,210 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,060 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,090 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,090 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,995 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,905 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,515 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,105 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,730 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,440 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,065 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,420 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,095 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,245 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,080 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,155 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,588 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,058 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,890 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,645 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,459 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,215 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,413 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,467 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,045 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,456 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,144 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 28,115 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 130,289 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,654 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,840 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 125,433 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,366 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,250 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 161,838 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,086 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,995 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,433 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,220 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 22,190 10,565 11,625 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,530 29,708 31,151 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,086 27,238 28,800 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 22,210 10,600 11,605 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,616 45,687 45,552 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,555 37,481 37,622 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 105,325 51,505 53,825 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 48,440 23,170 25,270 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 13,815 6,675 7,135 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 11,150 5,185 5,960 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 8,490 4,040 4,445 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 7,495 3,645 3,850 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,495 3,625 3,875 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 56,880 28,330 28,550 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 7,785 3,770 4,015 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 8,345 4,055 4,285 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 9,650 4,750 4,905 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 12,210 6,050 6,160 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 18,890 9,705 9,190 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 105,325 51,500 53,825 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 19,195 9,900 9,295 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 7,630 4,020 3,615 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 72,070 35,155 36,915 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 14,060 6,450 7,615 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,490 8,700 9,790 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,440 1,760 1,680 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,060 560 500 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 11,775 5,545 6,230 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,275 1,400 1,875 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.6 16.9 18.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.9 17.8 18.1 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 13.9 13.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.3 15.8 16.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 23.3 21.7 24.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 16,475 7,915 8,560 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,765 1,415 1,355 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 865 460 405 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 11,420 5,540 5,880 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,295 965 1,325 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 15.6 15.4 15.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.3 14.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.4 11.2 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.8 15.8 15.9 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 16.3 15.0 17.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 105,395 51,595 53,800 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 100,340 49,540 50,805 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 100,245 49,500 50,745 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 14,570 6,425 8,140 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 40,535 19,400 21,135 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 80 35 45 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 70 35 35 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 25 30 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 50 25 30 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,450 19,365 21,085 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,490 780 705 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 255 125 130 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 0 10 190 110 80
Somali 240 120 120 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,245 670 580 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 240 105 140 1,755 905 855
Arabic 625 375 250 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 30 20 15 55 35 20
Hebrew 225 105 120 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 50 25 25 165 90 80
Tigrigna 130 55 75 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,290 620 670 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 35 50 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,225 595 630 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,810 645 1,165 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 55 20 40 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 20 0 15 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 110 45 70 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 90 25 65 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 10 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,680 610 1,070 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 105 45 55 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 50 30 25 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 450 260 190 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 50 35 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 40 20 20 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 335 190 150 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 45 20 25 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 22,625 10,920 11,700 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 635 320 315 1,135 580 555
Armenian 65 20 45 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,795 1,700 2,095 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 105 25 75 635 310 325
Latvian 65 25 40 310 175 140
Lithuanian 40 0 40 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,705 1,670 2,030 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 120 50 70 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 405 165 240 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 265 105 160 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 95 40 55 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 520 230 295 345 180 160
Polish 465 220 250 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 735 340 395 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,030 495 540 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 125 55 70 1,240 595 645
Slovak 90 50 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 40 15 725 330 400
Ukrainian 270 95 170 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 90 50 40 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 10 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,845 915 935 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 40 20 15 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 50 25 30 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 230 115 120 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 10 0 120 55 65
German 1,425 700 725 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 40 20 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 75 40 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 15 0 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 6,175 3,125 3,050 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 4,445 2,295 2,155 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 3,660 1,850 1,810 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 445 215 235 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 940 490 450 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,035 560 475 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 35 25 10 375 185 190
Marathi 85 45 40 1,275 650 625
Nepali 115 50 65 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 555 290 265 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 55 30 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 30 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,320 675 645 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 790 420 365 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 10 0 10 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 195 100 90 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 635 350 285 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 6,585 2,985 3,600 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,940 905 1,030 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 955 465 490 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 245 135 105 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,805 1,650 2,155 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 680 270 410 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 455 190 260 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 400 180 215 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 15 10 0 105 60 45
Igbo 20 0 10 240 140 95
Lingala 25 10 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 210 95 115
Shona 10 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 215 100 120 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 20 15 10 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 160 50 115 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 115 40 75 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 10 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,505 5,635 5,865 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 11,270 5,500 5,770 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 8,030 3,920 4,115 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 95 45 55 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 3,920 1,880 2,035 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 20 15 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 315 145 170 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 90 40 45 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 270 115 150 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 295 170 125 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 185 90 90 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 70 50 20 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 55 30 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 105 45 60 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 35 20 15 1,125 505 620
Thai 70 25 45 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 305 185 125 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 40 15 25 835 455 385
Turkish 280 180 110 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 425 200 230 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 100 55 45 495 205 295
Finnish 70 20 55 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 250 120 130 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 105,395 51,590 53,805 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 97,320 47,700 49,620 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,715 9,575 9,135 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 78,610 38,125 40,485 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 8,075 3,890 4,180 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 105,395 51,595 53,805 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 70,685 35,280 35,405 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 32,940 15,420 17,520 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 12,065 5,850 6,215 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,950 2,375 2,575 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 6,500 2,840 3,665 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 6,170 2,800 3,370 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,140 1,430 1,710 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 3,030 1,370 1,660 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,255 1,555 1,700 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,765 895 875 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 32,945 15,425 17,520 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,060 1,515 1,545 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 5,485 2,815 2,665 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 7,550 3,335 4,210 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 13,930 6,540 7,390 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,920 1,215 1,705 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 32,940 15,425 17,520 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 4,990 2,215 2,775 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 125 60 65 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 195 65 125 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 75 35 40 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 480 180 300 920 415 500
Haiti 35 25 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 635 290 340 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 230 120 110 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 85 35 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 490 215 275 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,520 725 795 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,120 460 660 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 11,305 5,435 5,870 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 345 165 180 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 170 85 85 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 225 95 125 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 380 170 205 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 3,230 1,595 1,630 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 95 30 65 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 395 200 190 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 785 380 395 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 130 70 60 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 295 145 145 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 365 185 185 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 210 115 90 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 235 95 145 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 365 190 175 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 160 35 130 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,280 1,120 1,160 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,650 760 890 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,435 660 775 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 110 50 60 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 240 95 140 1,665 835 825
Kenya 95 50 45 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 40 15 15 730 385 340
Nigeria 50 20 30 1,205 630 575
Somalia 130 65 65 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 185 75 105 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 585 280 305 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 14,900 6,925 7,970 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 190 105 85 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 270 135 135 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 5,500 2,485 3,010 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 940 445 500 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,300 655 650 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 350 185 165 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 40 20 20 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 250 65 185 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 295 110 180 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 80 50 35 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 650 335 315 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,710 660 1,050 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 230 120 110 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 40 35 10 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 135 60 75 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,535 740 795 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,380 725 655 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 315 180 130 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,250 1,550 1,700 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 670 295 375 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 25 15 20 960 445 520
Colombia 35 20 15 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 10 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 50 20 25 160 115 45
Mexico 80 35 45 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 285 125 165 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 60 30 30 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 120 45 75 1,855 875 975
Europe 780 405 370 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 45 20 30 790 415 370
Germany 25 10 25 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 105 60 45 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0